Nuevo Santander

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New Santander
Nuevo Santander
Coat of arms
Viceroyalty of New Spain in 1819.
Viceroyalty of New Spain in 1819.
Status Spanish colony
Capital Santander Jiménez
Common languages Spanish
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
King of Spain  
• July 9, 1746 – August 10, 1759
Ferdinand VI
• December 11, 1813 – September 29, 1833
Ferdinand VII
Royal Governor  
• May 31, 1748 - April 8, 1767
José de Escandón
• July 7, 1821 - September 22, 1822
Felipe de la Garza Cisneros
Historical era Colonial era
• Established
• Disestablished
• 1790
Currency Spanish colonial real
Succeeded by
First Mexican Empire
Today part of


 United States

Nuevo Santander (New Santander) was a region of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, covering the modern Mexican state of Tamaulipas and extending into modern-day southern Texas in the United States.

Nuevo Santander was named after Santander, Cantabria, Spain, and settled by Spanish American colonists in a concerted settlement campaign peaking in 1748–1750. It fell under the jurisdiction of the Real Audiencia of Guadalajara in judicial matters, and in 1776 Nuevo Santander became part of the semi-autonomous Provincias Internas.

José de Escandón founded the colony in 1747. In 1755 Laredo was founded which became the major town and capital of the colony. The people in Nuevo Santander were the first to call themselves tejanos.[citation needed] The state was subsequently renamed to Tamaulipas once Mexico gained its independence in 1821.

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