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Las Gorras Blancas

Las Gorras Blancas was a group active in the New Mexico Territory and American Southwest in the late 1880s and early 1890s, in response to Anglo-American squatters. Founded in April 1889 by brothers Juan Jose and Nicanor Herrera, with support from vecinos in the New Mexico Territory pueblo communities of El Burro, El Salitre, Ojitos Frios, San Geronimo, in present day San Miguel County. After the northern Mexican frontier became part of the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the Gadsden Purchase, Anglo Americans began immigrating in large numbers to the newly acquired territories. Anglos began taking lands from both Native Americans and Hispanos by different means, most notably by squatting. Squatters then sold these lands to land speculators for huge profits after the passing of the 1862 Homestead Act. Hispanos demanded that their lands be returned to them but the governments did not respond favorably. For example, the Surveyor of General Claims Office of the New Mexico Territory would at times take up to fifty years to process a claim, the lands were being grabbed up by the newcomers.

One tactic used to defraud Hispanos from their lands was that they needed to present English language documentation of ownership, due to being part of Mexico, could only present Spanish language documentation. While the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway was built in the 1890s, speculators known as the Santa Fe Ring, orchestrated schemes to disland natives from their possessions. In response, Hispanos gathered to reclaim lands taken by the Anglo−Americans. Hoping to scare off the new immigrants, they used intimidation and raids to accomplish their goals, they sought to develop a class-based consciousness among local people through the everyday tactics of resistance to the economic and social order confronting common property land grant communities. The name comes from the white head coverings. In the early 1890s, a depressed sheep and wool market affected the Northern New Mexico economy adversely. Communal lands dictated by the original land grants were being split up and fenced off as private land, pastures were not as plentiful.

This was most felt by the Hispano farmers. Las Gorras Blancas tore down fences, burned barns and haystacks, scattered livestock and threatened worse if justice did not prevail. Additionally, a group of Las Gorras Blancas under the direction of Juan Jose Herrera "set thousands of railroad ties afire when the Atchison and Santa Fe Railroad refused to raise the low wages it paid" Hispano workers. Moreover, there were numerous demonstrations by men wearing white caps, who rode through the Las Vegas, New Mexico streets at night on horseback ending at the courthouse. In August 1890 several members of Las Gorras Blancas ran for the New Mexico Legislature in a new populist People's Party under the name El Partido del Pueblo Unido. Pablo Herrera, Nestor Montoya, T. B. Mills were all most forms of direct action that the group was known for ceased. All three were unsuccessful in passing populist legislation and left the state government disillusioned with political reform. Pablo Herrera, in a speech to the State House of Representatives in February 1891, stated: Gentleman, I have served several years time in the penitentiary, but only sixty days in the legislature.

I have watched the proceedings here carefully. I would like to say that the time I spent in the penitentiary was more enjoyable than the time I have spent here. There is more honesty in the halls of the Territorial prison than in the halls of the legislature. I would prefer another term in prison than another election to the House. Pablo Herrera returned to Las Vegas and attempted to revive Las Gorras Blancas but was murdered by sheriff Felipe Lopez; some time after the movement died, Juan Jose Herrera left New Mexico and settled in Utah, where he died several years later. In the March 12, 1890, issue of the Las Vegas Optic, Las Gorras Blancas−The White Caps members issued the Proclamation of Las Gorras Blancas: Not wishing to be misunderstood, we hereby make this our declaration. Our purpose is to protect the interests of the people in general. We want the Las Vegas Grant settled to the benefit of all concerned, this we hold is the entire community within the grant. We want obstructionists of any sort to interfere.

We will watch them. We are not down on lawyers as a class, but the usual knavery and unfair treatment of the people must be stopped. Our judiciary hereafter must understand that we will sustain it only when "Justice" is its watchword; the practice of "double-dealing" must cease. There is a wide difference between New Mexico's "law" and "justice." And justice is God's law, that we must have at all hazards. We are down on race issues, will watch race agitators. We are all human brethren, under the same glorious flag. We favor irrigation enterprises, but will fight any scheme that tends to monopolize the supply of water courses to the detriment of residents living on lands watered by the same streams. We object to corrupt methods to further the same. We do not care how much you get so long as you do it and honestly; the People are suffering from the effects of partisan "bossism" and these bosses had better hold their peace. The people have been hacked about in every which way to satisfy their caprice.

If they persist in their usual methods retribution will be their reward. We are watching "political informers." We have no grudge against any person in particular, but we are the enemies of bulldozers and tyrants. We must have a free

Robin (TV series)

Robin is a cartoon created by Swedish cartoonist Magnus Carlsson and narrated by Dave Avellone. Robin is the protagonist who collects welfare/workfare. Benjamin is Robin's best friend, he drinks heavily. Robin's 30 episodes focus on the titular unemployed Swedish bachelor, in his early 20s and his best friend Benjamin. While neither seem to do anything constructive with their lives, they are involved in several misadventures resulting in a non sequitur ending; the following episode will feature no mention of previous encounters. The pair will have run-ins with the law, encounter drunks and other odd characters. In 1997, after seeing Robin on Channel 4, British band Radiohead approached Magnus Carlsson to make a video for their song "Paranoid Android" with Robin in it. Carlsson accepted and came up with the original idea for the video after locking himself in his office, staring out the window at a bridge and listening to nothing but Paranoid Android repeatedly. During the video of Paranoid Android, the band makes a cameo appearance at a bar, where they are sitting at a table drinking and watching a person with a head coming out of his stomach dancing on their table.

In 2006, Carlsson made the music video for dance act Daddy DJ. The band were fans of Robin; the video shows a man who works as a DJ, whose son watches him via webcam, before his dad gets a recording contract. After Robin, Carlsson created; the titular character was a young girl in a typical family. Like Robin, she lived in an apartment complex and narrated all her adventures; the show's tone was broader than Robin's, with the show running during children's animation blocks. The 30 episodes of Robin were recorded and mixed in Toronto by Jim Longo and Kevan Staples of Rhythm Division. All the elements used in the compositions by Magnus Carlsson were re-recorded at McClear Pathe and produced by Rhythm Division and Magnus. All music editing, audio post-production, sound effects, narration assembly and final mixing were performed at Rhythm Division. At the last minute it was decided. Seeing as there was no budget or time the non-language voices of all the characters were supplied by Magnus and Kevan. Robin on IMDb

St. George's Church, Barrow-in-Furness

St. George's Church is in St George's Square, Barrow-in-Furness, England, it is the oldest active Anglican parish church in the town. The church is in the deanery of Barrow, the archdeaconry of Westmorland and Furness, the diocese of Carlisle, its benefice is united with those of St Aidan, Newbarns, St Luke, St Perran, Roose, to form the South Barrow Team Ministry. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building, it stands at the southeast extremity of the town. The church was built to a design by the Lancaster architect E. G. Paley, its patrons were the Duke of Devonshire. It was built at the suggestion of Sir James Ramsden to be the parish church in the developing town of Barrow-in-Furness; however it was left in a peripheral position as the town grew away from it, when the railway station was relocated in 1882. The north aisle was added in 1867 by Paley, increasing the seating capacity to nearly 1,000. In 1883 the Ramsden Chapel was added, the chancel was increased in size, being made higher and longer.

In the Ramsden Chapel seating was added for use in civic occasions. This work was carried out by the partnership of Austin; the stained glass in the east window was destroyed in the Second World War. In 1982 the north aisle was partitioned off, most of its furnishings were removed. Since the partitioning, the north aisle has been used as a church hall. St. George's is constructed in dry-jointed slate with red sandstone dressings; the slate came from the Duke of Devonshire's quarries at Kirkby, the sandstone from St Bees. Its plan consists of a five-bay nave with north and south aisles under separate roofs and west porches, a two-bay chancel with a chapel to the south, an organ chamber and a vestry to the north, a tower at the west end of the south aisle; the tower is in three stages with diagonal buttresses, an octagonal stair turret at its southeast corner. The parapet is embattled; the windows contain Geometric tracery. The arcades are carried on alternate octagonal and circular piers, their capitals being carved with foliage.

The stained glass in the east window dates from 1951 and was designed by A. F. Erridge of Whipple and Company. In the church is stained glass by Hardman, by Shrigley and Hunt; the three-manual organ was built in 1881 by Young. List of ecclesiastical works by E. G. Paley List of ecclesiastical works by Paley and Austin List of places of worship in Barrow-in-Furness Listed buildings in Barrow-in-Furness Citations Sources

Contra Costa Centre, California

Contra Costa Centre is an unincorporated census-designated place in Contra Costa County, California. Contra Costa Centre sits at an elevation of 92 feet; the 2010 United States census reported Contra Costa Centre's population was 5,364. Contra Costa Centre is served by the Pleasant Hill / Contra Costa Centre BART station, it is the successor to the Waldon CDP of the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.642 square miles, all of it land. The 2010 United States Census reported that Contra Costa Centre had a population of 5,364; the population density was 8,360.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Contra Costa Centre was 3,488 White, 216 African American, 18 Native American, 1,155 Asian, 17 Pacific Islander, 171 from other races, 299 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 560 persons; the Census reported. There were 2,995 households, out of which 445 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 883 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 195 had a female householder with no husband present, 93 had a male householder with no wife present.

There were 230 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 24 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,425 households were made up of individuals and 148 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.79. There were 1,171 families; the population was spread out with 646 people under the age of 18, 521 people aged 18 to 24, 2,593 people aged 25 to 44, 1,187 people aged 45 to 64, 417 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males. There were 3,211 housing units at an average density of 5,004.7 per square mile, of which 2,995 were occupied, of which 750 were owner-occupied, 2,245 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%. 1,509 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,853 people lived in rental housing units

Aspiration (album)

Aspiration is a compilation album by American composer Bill Laswell, released on March 15, 2011 by Metastation. Adapted from the Aspiration liner notes. MusiciansJeff Bova – synthesizer Bootsy Collinsbass guitar Alice Coltranepiano and harp, musical arrangements Sussan Deyhimvocals, musical arrangements Aïyb DiengGhatam and percussion Kudsi Erguner – ney Jonas Hellborg – bass guitar The Dalai Lama – voice Zakir Hussaintabla K. Pattabhi Jois – chant Toshinori Kondotrumpet and electronics Bill Laswell – bass guitar, remix, producer Nils Petter Molvær – trumpet Mark Nauseefmeditation bells Pharoah Sanderstenor saxophone Carlos Santana – guitar Simon Shaheen – oud and violin Nicky Skopelitis – guitar and baglama, percussion Bernie Worrell – electric piano and organ Technical personnelJames Dellatacoma – assistant engineering Michael Fossenkempermastering Russell Mills – cover art Robert Musso – engineering