Nur Ali Halife rebellion

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Nur Ali Halife rebellion
Date1512-1515
LocationAnatolia
Result Ottoman victory
Belligerents
Pro-Shia Rebels  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Nur-Ali Khalifa  Ottoman Empire Sinan Paşa
Ottoman Empire Bıyıklı Mehmed Paşa

The Nur Ali Halife rebellion began when Nur Ali Halife, a tribal leader of the Tekkelu tribe (named for the Beylik of Teke) and former governor of Erzincan, started a rebellion from Rum in 1512 in order to recruit soldiers from the Qizilbash murids of Ismail I.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

Shah Ismail wanted to use the turmoil in the Ottoman Empire in order to recruit Qizilbash troops who couldn't serve him because of the turmoil. Therefore, he sent Nur Ali Halife in order to fulfill this task. Nur Ali Halife who came to Şebinkarahisar pronounced the orders of Shah Ismail around. As a result of this, 3000-4000 cavalrymen were recruited.[4]

Nur Ali Halife then marched with his new troops to Malatya and conquered it, after his victory he marched on to Tokat. The people of Tokat pronounced their loyalty to Nur Ali Halife and Shah Ismail; he then looted the lands around Çorum and Amasya.[5] After this, left Tokat and moved on to Kazabad where Şehzade Murad joined him with an army of 10,000 troops. He again marched to Tokat but this time the people refused to let him in the city. Nur Ali Halife burned the city and moved on to Niksar; Şehzade Murad then left him and went to Shah Ismail.

He also conquered Çemişgezek without any opposition. After this he a lot of people from the Melkişli tribe and killed a lot of them.

When he was moving on to Erzincan, he heard from an Ottoman vizier that Sinan Paşa was following him. At Eyüyazı he started a war, defeated Sinan Paşa, then returned to Erzincan.

Defeat[edit]

Sultan Selim sent Bıyıklı Mehmed Paşa in order to reconquer Çemişgezek. In June 1515 he defeated Nur Ali Halife at Ovacık and killed him. As a result of this Çemişgezek was reconquered and the rebellion ended. The rebellion would eventually lead to Sultan Selim invading Persia in retaliation.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Savory, Roger; Karamustafa, Ahmet T. (1998). "ESMĀʿĪL I ṢAFAWĪ". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 6. pp. 628–636. 
  2. ^ Erenler, Sadık. "Nur Ali Halife Ayaklanması" (PDF). Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  3. ^ Kaveh, Farrokh (20 December 2011). Iran at War: 1500-1988. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 9781780962405. 
  4. ^ Ünal, Mehmet Ali. "YÜZYILDA MAZGİRD, PERTEK VE SAĞMAN SANCAKBEYÎLERİ -PİR HÜSEYİN BEY OĞULLARI" (PDF). Ankara University Journal Database. Ankara University. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  5. ^ McCaffrey, Michael J. (1990). "ČĀLDERĀN". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 6. pp. 656–658.