Mayanot Institute of Jewish Studies, is a school in Jerusalem for Jewish students aged 16–29. Classes include instruction in Jewish Mysticism, Talmud, Torah and the Hebrew Language; the Mayanot Men's Program was founded in 1996, the Women's Program started in 2008. Rabbi Kasriel Shemtov - Executive Director Rabbi Shlomo Gestetner - Dean Rabbi Yisroel Noach Wichnin - Rosh Yeshiva The men's campus is centrally located in Jerusalem, it is within walking distance to the Jerusalem Central Bus Station. The men's campus is a few blocks away from Mahane Yehuda Market known as "the shuk"; the women's campus is in the Katamon neighborhood in Jerusalem. Mayanot strives to accommodate Jews from all types of backgrounds. Talmud study is broken down into eight levels of study; the goal is to take students from learning the Hebrew alphabet to learning a section of Gemara on their own within 24 months. This unique method of Talmud study is fast gaining international recognition. Yeshivas in Europe and America have written to Mayanot asking staff members to conduct in-service programs for their teachers, so that they may implement the methodology in their own classrooms.
Rabbi Baruch Kaplan traveled to Australia where he trained several teachers at a college of Jewish Studies. Students have a choice of learning options from classrooms to chavruta style. Yeshiva students prepare for and review the shiur with their chavruta during a study session known as a seder. In contrast to conventional classroom learning, in which a teacher lectures to the student and the student repeats the information back in tests, chavruta-style learning challenges the student to analyze and explain the material, point out the errors in his partner's reasoning, question and sharpen each other's ideas arriving at new insights of the meaning of the text. Mayanot Institute of Jewish Studies is an accredited institution of MASA, a joint project of the Jewish Agency and the government of Israel; the school advises students who wish to obtain credit for their courses at Mayanot to consult with their school's admissions office to arrange the transfer of credits in advance. One of the donors to the yeshiva is the Schottenstein family.
They have donated to the program in general. They are quoted as saying, "thrill to support" Mayanot, it was, for him, "a'blue chip investment'". Ben Federman and David Schottenstein together with his wife Eda partnered on a joint philanthropic project to launch the Mayanot Institute of Jewish Studies Midwest Scholarship Fund; the Schottenstein family supports a number of key projects at Mayanot, including the "Saul’s Scholars" summer program scholarship, dedicated by William and Thomas Schottenstein in the memory of their late uncle, Saul Schottenstein. Levi Brackman - writer and thinker Sammy Harkham - cartoonist Simcha Weinstein - the "Comic Book Rabbi" Mayanot official website
Shneur Zalman of Liadi
Shneur Zalman of Liady, was an Orthodox rabbi and the founder and first Rebbe of Chabad, a branch of Hasidic Judaism based in Liadi in the Russian Empire. He was the author of many works, is best known for Shulchan Aruch HaRav and his Siddur Torah Or compiled according to the Nusach Ari. Zalman is a Yiddish variant of Solomon and Shneur is a Yiddish composite of the two Hebrew words "shnei ohr". Zalman of Liady is known as "Shneur Zalman Baruchovitch," Baruchovitch being the Russian patronymic from his father Baruch, by a variety of other titles and acronyms including "Baal HaTanya ve-haShulchan Aruch'", "Alter Rebbe", "Admor HaZaken", "Rabbenu HaZaken", "Rabbenu HaGadol"", "RaShaZ", "GRaZ", "HaRav". Shneur Zalman was born in 1745 in the small town of Polish -- Lithuanian Commonwealth, he was the son of Baruch, great5-grandson of the mystic and philosopher Judah Loew ben Bezalel, the "Maharal of Prague". He was a prominent disciple of Dov Ber of Mezeritch, the "Great Maggid", in turn the successor of the founder of Hasidic Judaism, Yisrael ben Eliezer, known as the Baal Shem Tov.
He displayed extraordinary talent. By the time he was eight years old, he wrote an all-inclusive commentary on the Torah based on the works of Rashi and Abraham ibn Ezra; until the age of twelve, he studied under Issachar Ber in Lyubavichi. At the age of twelve, he delivered a discourse concerning the complicated laws of Kiddush Hachodesh, to which the people of the town granted him the title "Rav". At age fifteen he married Sterna Segal, the daughter of Yehuda Leib Segal, a wealthy resident of Vitebsk, he was able to devote himself to study. During these years, Shneur Zalman was introduced to mathematics and astronomy by two learned brothers, refugees from Bohemia, who had settled in Liozna. One of them was a scholar of the Kabbalah. Thus, besides mastering rabbinic literature, he acquired a fair knowledge of the sciences and Kabbalah, he became an adept in Isaac Luria's system of Kabbalah, in 1764 he became a disciple of Dov Ber of Mezeritch. In 1767, at the age of 22, he was appointed maggid of Liozna, a position he held until 1801.
In the course of the Hasidic movement's establishment, opponents arose among the local Jewish community. Disagreements between Hasidim and their opponents included debates concerning knives used by butchers for Shechita, the phrasing of prayers among others. Shneur Zalman and a fellow Hasidic leader, Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk, attempted to persuade the leader of Lithuanian Jewry, the Vilna Gaon, of the legitimacy of Hasidic practices. However, the Gaon refused to meet with them. Shneur Zalman's sons were: Dovber Schneuri who succeeded him, Chaim Avraham, Moshe. Shneur Zalman's daughters were named Devorah Leah and Rochel. Other families have lore telling that they are descendants, but they are undocumented in existing family records. Rabbi Dovber Schneuri succeeded his father as Rebbe of the Chabad movement. At the age of 39, while studying in the city of Kremenchug, his father died, he moved to the small border-town of Lubavichi, from which the movement would take its name. His accession was disputed by one of his father's prime students, Rabbi Aharon HaLevi of Strashelye, however the majority of Shneur Zalman's followers stayed with Dovber, moved to Lubavichi.
Thus Chabad had now split into two branches, each taking the name of their location to differentiate themselves from each other. He established a Yeshivah in Lubavitch, his son-in-law, Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch, headed the Yeshivah, became his successor. Thus, while Dovber Schneuri succeeded his father as Rebbe of the Chabad movement, a senior disciple of his father, Rabbi Aharon HaLevi of Strashelye, a popular and respected figure, differed with him on a number of issues and led a breakaway movement; when Schneur Zalman died, many of his followers flocked to one of his top students, Aharon HaLevi of Strashelye. He had been Shneur Zalman’s closest disciple for over thirty years. While many more became followers of Dovber Shneuri, known to his followers as the Mitteler Rebbe, the Strashelye school of Chassidic thought was the subject of many of Dovber's discourses. Aharon HaLevi emphasized the importance of basic emotions in divine service. Dovber Shneuri did not reject the role of emotion in prayer, but emphasized that if the emotion in prayer is to be genuine, it can only be a result of contemplation and understanding of the explanations of Chassidus, which in turn will lead to an attainment of "bittul".
In his work entitled Kuntres Hispa'alus, Dovber Shneuri argues that only through ridding oneself of what he considered disingenuous emotions could one attain the ultimate level in Chassidic worship. Moshe Schneersohn was the youngest son of Shneur Zalman. According to scholars he converted to Catholicism and died i
Dovber Schneuri was the second Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch Chasidic movement. Rabbi Dovber was the first Chabad rebbe to live in the town of Lyubavichi, the town for which this Hasidic dynasty is named, he is known as the Mitteler Rebbe, being the second of the first three generations of Chabad leaders. Rabbi Schneuri was born in Liozna, modern day Belarus, on 9 Kislev 5534, his father, Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi, was Rebbe of the community there, of many Chassidim in White Russia and Lithuania, other parts of Russia. His father named him after his own teacher, Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch, the disciple and successor of the Baal Shem Tov, the founder of the Chassidic movement; the Yiddish first name דוב-בער Dov-Ber means "bear-bear", traceable back to the Hebrew word דב dov "bear" and the German word Bär "bear". It is thus an example of a bilingual tautological name. Rabbi Schneuri was a prodigious student, had begun to study Talmud at the age of seven, his father taught him Zohar, transmitted to him the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov.
Rabbi Schneuri adopted the family name of "Schneuri," after his father, but succeeding generations changed it to "Schneersohn," or "Schneerson." In 1788 he married the daughter of a local Rabbi. In 1790 Rabbi Dovber was appointed the Mashpia of the Hasidim. At the age of 39, while studying in the city of Kremenchug, his father died, he moved to the small border-town of Lubavichi, from which the movement would take its name. His accession was disputed by one of his father's prime students, Rabbi Aharon HaLevi of Strashelye, however the majority of Rabbi Shneur Zalman's followers stayed with Rabbi Schneuri, moved to Lubavichi, thus Chabad had now split into two branches, each taking the name of their location to differentiate themselves from each other. He established a Yeshivah in Lubavitch, his son-in-law, who became his successor, Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch, headed the Yeshivah. Like his father, Rabbi Schneuri considered it his sacred task to help the Jews of Russia, whether they were Chassidim or not, not only spiritually but economically.
The position of the Jews under the Czars was never easy, but it became much worse when Czar Alexander I was succeeded by Czar Nicholas I in 1825. The restrictions against the Jews increased in number and severity and the Jews continued to be confined to the Pale of Settlement, they had no right to live, work or do business outside the Pale, where conditions had become difficult in the wake of the Franco-Russian war. Rabbi Schneuri thus launched a campaign to urge Jews to learn skilled factory work, he urged communities to organize trade schools. He encouraged the study of agriculture, dairy farming, the like, reminding them that once upon a time, when the Jewish people lived in their own land, they were a people of farmers, fruit growers and herdsmen, he urged that boys who did not show promise of becoming Torah scholars, after the age of thirteen, devote part of their time to the learning of a trade, or work in the fields, to help support the family. In 1815, with government permission and sponsorship, he set up Jewish agricultural colonies.
He took to the road to raise funds for this purpose, he visited the Jewish farmers and encouraged them in their pioneer work seeing that their spiritual needs and the education of the farmers' children should not be neglected. He was active in the collection and distribution of financial aid from Russia to the Jewish population in the Holy Land, he intended to settle in Hebron himself, believing that this was the "gate of heaven," and prayers to be effective there. He instructed Chabad followers living in the Holy Land to move to the city for this reason. Like his father, he was informed upon by his enemies, accused of being a danger to the Russian government, he was arrested on charges of having sent 200-300 rubles to the Sultan, was ordered to appear for a trial in Vitebsk. The day of his release, 10 Kislev 5587, is celebrated joyously to this day by Chabad Chassidim, he died in Nizhyn a year on 9 Kislev − his birthday − 5588, the day he was born 54 years earlier. He had two sons, Menachem Nahum and Baruch, seven daughters.
The oldest of his daughters, Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka, was married to her cousin Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, another grandchild of Schneur Zalman of Liadi. Menachem Mendel succeeded his father-in-law/uncle as Rebbe. Another of his daughters was Menucha Rachel Slonim. Rabbi Schneuri wrote many works on Chabad Kabbalah, he was a prolific writer. His Chassidic works tend to be long and intricate, it is said that when he finished writing the bottom line on a sheet of paper, the ink of the top line had not yet dried. Nineteen of his works have been published so far, a good many of them during his lifetime, he wrote a commentary on the Zohar, "Bi'urei HaZohar". Chasidic philosophy interprets it in light of Chasidic thought, it seeks to uncover the inner "soul" of Kabbalah, by relating it to the inner consciousness of man. This can allow Jewish mysticism to be grasped inwardly; the mystical revival and popularisation of Chasidism allowed the Jewish mystical tradition to be expressed outside of the language of Kabbalah, by uniting and spiritualising other dimensions of Judaism.
Nonetheless, the more involved Chasidic texts interpret Kabbalistic ideas extensively, relate them to personal spirituality. The differ
Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch
Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch is the central educational arm of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement. It was founded in 1943 by the sixth Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn, who appointed his son-in-law, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, who would become the seventh Rebbe, as its chairman and director. Today, Rabbi Chaim Yehuda Krinsky serves as chairman. Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch is the official body responsible for establishing Chabad centers across the globe, its vice-chairman Rabbi Moshe Kotlarsky oversees the global network of emissaries, approves new centers, directs the annual international conference of Chabad emissaries. Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch has these divisions: Central Chabad Lubavitch Library — home to 250,000 books and over 100,000 letters and pictures Its director is Rabbi Shalom Dovber Levine. Chabad.org — an online repository of Jewish knowledge and information that attracts one million users per yearJewish Educational Media — the broadcast and film production division of the Lubavitch movement, founded in 1980Jewish Learning Institute — provider of adult-education courses in hundreds of cities worldwideJewish Learning Network — a telephone study-partner program begun in 2005Kehot Publication Society and Merkos Publications — were established in 1942, these publishing divisions have produced more than 100 million volumes in a dozen languagesMerkos Shlichus — is a rabbinical student visitation program, which sends hundreds of "Roving Rabbis" to strengthen the jewish awareness in jewish communities worldwide Merkos Suite 302 — Program development to support Shluchim and their communities, such as CKids and MyShliach.
Merkos 302 provides leadership training and workshops for emissaries new to directing Cteen chapters around the world, as well as incubating programs like Chabad Young Ambassadors, a global network of activists seeking to grow their local Jewish young-adult communities. Rabbi Mendy Kotlarsky serves as executive director. CTeen -- has 100,000 members worldwide, its president is Rabbi Mendy Kotlarsky who serves as the executive director of Merkos Suite 302, which launched Cteen in 2010. As of mid-2017, Cteen had operating chapters all around the world in cities as diverse as Bangkok, Rio de Janeiro, Munich, Buenos Aires and New York. National Campus Office — coordinator of Chabad on Campus, a network of Jewish Student Centers on more than 230 university campuses worldwide, as well as regional Chabad-Lubavitch centers at an additional 150 universities worldwideNational Committee for the Furtherance of Jewish Education — is a charity that educates Jewish children in the United States, it was founded in 1940 by Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson.
Office of Education — a guidance and service center for administrators, educators and parents of Chabad-Lubavitch educational institutions Shluchim Exchange — an online service founded in 2005 to facilitate communication among over 1,500 Chabad shluchimThe Shluchim Office — coordinator of Chabad's worldwide shaliach program One of the best known divisions is the Merkos Shlichus campaign, which dispatches pairs of young rabbinical students, colloquially known as Roving Rabbis, to small and isolated Jewish communities around the world. Hundreds of rabbinical students participate in Passover and summer visitation programs, building Jewish awareness and spreading Torah knowledge. To date, the program has sent students to more than 150 countries; the Rabbinical Student Visitation Program began in 1943, when Rabbi Schneerson dispatched the first pairs of students to ten cities in Upstate New York. Cities in California were added to the program in 1944, as were cities in the Southern United States in 1945.
By 1948, the summer program numbered 100 American cities. Students were sent to Jewish farmers residing throughout the Northeastern United States, many of whom were European immigrants; the students were sent in pairs one American student and one European-immigrant student. In the early 1950s, the Rebbe added international destinations to the summer program consulting maps and planning the itineraries. 400 Roving Rabbis participate in the annual summer program. They distribute thousands of mezuzot, other religious articles such as tefillin and kosher food, tens of thousands of Jewish information packets each year; the students interact with both families. They go door to door, teaching women how to light Shabbat candles and showing men how to put on tefillin for the first time, they speak about Jewish education, answer questions, give bar mitzvah lessons. Their visits are anticipated by the local population. On their 2010 swing through the islands of Aruba and Curaçao, for example, the two Roving Rabbis were summoned to the office of Aruba Prime Minister Mike Eman, Jewish.
Eman spoke with them about Jewish heritage, listened as they blew the shofar, donned a pair of tefillin. After completing their visit to the islands, the students returned to the Prime Minister's office so he could put on tefillin again, he asked them to arrange for him to have his own pair of tefillin; the Roving Rabbis communicate with each other on their own blog site. Rohr Jewish Learning Institute Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch Office
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson (April 18, 1902 OS – June 12, 1994 / AM 11 Nissan 5662 – 3 Tammuz 5754, Hebrew: מנחם מענדל שניאורסאהן, known to many as the Lubavitcher Rebbe or as the Rebbe, was a Russian Empire–born American Orthodox Jewish rabbi, the last rebbe of the Lubavitcher Hasidic dynasty. He is considered one of the most influential Jewish leaders of the 20th century; as leader of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement, he took an insular Hasidic group that came to an end with the Holocaust and transformed it into one of the most influential movements in religious world Jewry, with an international network of over 3,000 educational and social centers. The institutions he established include kindergartens, drug-rehabilitation centers, care-homes for the disabled and synagogues. Schneerson's published teachings fill more than 300 volumes, he is noted for his contributions to Jewish continuity and religious thought, as well as his wide-ranging contributions to traditional Torah scholarship.
He is recognized as the pioneer of Jewish outreach. Many of his adherents believe. In 1978, the U. S. Congress asked President Jimmy Carter to designate Schneerson's birthday as the national Education Day U. S. A, it has been since Sharing Day. In 1994, he was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal for his "outstanding and lasting contributions toward improvements in world education and acts of charity." Schneerson's resting place attracts non-Jews for prayer. Menachem Mendel Schneerson was born on April 18, 1902 in the Black Sea port of Nikolaev in the Russian Empire, his father was rabbi Levi Yitzchak Schneerson, a renowned Talmudic scholar and authority on Kabbalah and Jewish law. His mother was Rebbetzin Chana Schneerson, he was named after the third Chabad rebbe, the Tzemach Tzedek, from whom he was a direct patrilineal descendent. In 1907, when Schneerson was six years old, the family moved to Yekatrinislav, where Levi Yitzchak was appointed Chief Rabbi of the city, he served until 1939.
Schneerson had two younger brothers: Dov Ber, murdered in 1944 by Nazi collaborators, Yisrael Aryeh Leib, who died in 1952 while completing doctoral studies at Liverpool University. During his youth, he received a private education and was tutored by Zalman Vilenkin from 1909 through 1913; when Schneerson was eleven years old, Vilenkin informed his father that he had nothing more to teach his son. At that point, Levi Yitzchak began teaching his son Talmud and rabbinic literature, as well as Kabbalah. Schneerson proved gifted in both Talmudic and Kabalistic study and took exams as an external student of the local Soviet school, he was considered an Illui and genius, by the time he was seventeen, he had mastered the entire Talmud, some 5,894 pages, as well as all its early commentaries. Throughout his childhood Schneerson was involved in the affairs of his father's office, he was said to have acted as an interpreter between the Jewish community and the Russian authorities on a number of occasions.
Levi Yitzchak's courage and principles were a guide to his son for the rest of his life. Many years when he once reminisced about his youth, Schneerson said "I have the education of the first-born son of the rabbi of Yekatrinoselav; when it comes to saving lives, I speak up whatever others may say."Schneerson went on to receive separate rabbinical ordinations from the Rogatchover Gaon, Yosef Rosen, Yechiel Yaakov Weinberg, author of Sridei Aish. In 1923, Schneerson for the first time visited the sixth Chabad-Lubavitch Rebbe, Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, where he met the rabbi's middle daughter Chaya Mushka. Sometime they became engaged, but were not married until 1928 in Warsaw, Poland. Taking great pride in his son-in-law's outstanding knowledge, Yosef Yitzchak asked him to engage in learned conversation with the great Torah scholars that were present at the wedding, such as Meir Shapiro and Menachem Ziemba. Menachem Mendel and Chaya Mushka were childless. Menachem Mendel Schneerson and Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn were both descendants of Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, known as the Tzemach Tzedek, the third Rebbe of Chabad Lubavitch.
Schneerson commented that the day of his marriage bound the community to him and him to the community. In 1947 Schneerson traveled to Paris, to take his mother, Chana Schneerson, back to New York with him. Schneerson would prepare her a tea. In 1964, Chana Schneerson died. On February 10, 1988, Schneerson's wife, Chaya Mushka Schneerson died. A year after the death of his wife, when the traditional year of Jewish mourning had passed, Schneerson moved into his study above the central Lubavitch synagogue on Eastern Parkway. After his wedding to Chaya Mushka in 1928, Schneerson and his wife moved to Berlin, where he was assigned specific communal tasks by his father-in-law Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, who requested that he write scholarly annotations to the responsa and various hasidic discourses of the earlier Rebbes of Chabad-Lubavitch. Schneerson studied mathematics and philosophy at the University of Berlin, he would recall that he enjoyed Erwin Schrödinger's lectures. His father-in-law took great pride in his erudite son-in-law's scholarly attainments and paid for all the tuition expenses and helped facilitate his studies throughout.
During his stay in Berlin, his father-in-law encouraged him to become more of a public figure, yet Schneerson described himself as an introvert, was known to plead with acquaintances not to make a fuss over the fact that he was the son-in-law of Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn. While i
Crown Heights, Brooklyn
Crown Heights is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The main thoroughfare through this neighborhood is Eastern Parkway, a tree-lined boulevard designed by Frederick Law Olmsted extending 2 miles east–west; the area was known as Crow Hill. It was a succession of hills running east and west from Utica Avenue to Washington Avenue, south to Empire Boulevard and East New York Avenue; the name was changed when Crown Street was cut through in 1916. Crown Heights is bounded by Washington Avenue to the west, Atlantic Avenue to the north, Ralph Avenue to the east, Empire Boulevard/East New York Avenue to the south, it is 2 miles long. Neighborhoods bordering Crown Heights include Prospect Heights to the west and Prospect Lefferts Gardens to the south, Brownsville to the east, Bedford-Stuyvesant to the north; the northern half of Crown Heights is part of Brooklyn Community District 8 and is patrolled by the 77th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.
The southern half is part of Brooklyn Community District 9 and is patrolled by the 71st Precinct of the NYPD. Crown Heights's primary ZIP Codes are 11213, 11216, 11233, 11238, 11225. Politically, it is represented by the New York City Council's 35th, 36th, 41st Districts. Although no known physical evidence remains in the Crown Heights vicinity, large portions of what is now called Long Island including present-day Brooklyn were occupied by the Lenape; the Lenape lived in communities of bark- or grass-covered wigwams, in their larger settlements—typically located on high ground adjacent to fresh water, occupied in the fall and spring—they fished, harvested shellfish, trapped animals, gathered wild fruits and vegetables, cultivated corn, tobacco and other crops. The first recorded contact between the indigenous people of the New York City region and Europeans was with the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524 in the service of France when he anchored at the approximate location where the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge touches down in Brooklyn today.
There he was visited by a canoe party of Lenape. The next contact was in 1609 when the explorer Henry Hudson arrived in what is now New York Harbor aboard a Dutch East India Company ship, the Halve Maen commissioned by the Dutch Republic. European habitation in the New York City area began in earnest with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement called "Nieuw Amsterdam", on the southern tip of Manhattan in 1614. By 1630, Dutch and English colonists started moving into the western end of Long Island. In 1637, Joris Jansen de Rapalje purchased about 335 acres around Wallabout Bay and over the following two years, director Kieft of the Dutch West India Company purchased title to nearly all the land in what is now Kings County and Queens County from the indigenous inhabitants; the areas around present-day Crown Heights saw its first European settlements starting in about 1661/1662 when several men each received, from Governor Peter Stuyvesant and the directors of the Dutch West India Company what was described as “a parcel of free woodland there” on the condition that they situate their houses “within one of the other concentration, which would suit them best, but not to make a hamlet.”
Crown Heights had begun as a fashionable residential neighborhood, a place for secondary homes in which Manhattan's growing bourgeois class could reside. The area benefited by having its rapid transit in a subway configuration, the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, in contrast to many other Brooklyn neighborhoods, which had elevated lines. Conversion to a commuter town included tearing down the 19th century Kings County Penitentiary at Carroll Street and Nostrand Avenue. Beginning in the early 1900s, many upper-class residences, including characteristic brownstone buildings, were erected along Eastern Parkway. Away from the parkway were a mixture of lower middle-class residences; this development peaked in the 1920s. Before World War II Crown Heights was among New York City's premier neighborhoods, with tree-lined streets, an array of cultural institutions and parks, numerous fraternal and community organizations. From the early 1920s through the 1960s, Crown Heights was an overwhelmingly white neighborhood and predominantly Jewish.
Population changes began in the 1920s with newcomers from Jamaica and the West Indies, as well as African Americans from the South. In 1950, the neighborhood was 89 percent white, with some 50 to 60 percent of the white population, or about 75,000 people, being Jewish, a small, growing black population. By 1957, there were about 25,000 blacks in Crown Heights, making up about one-fourth of the population. Following the end of World War II, suburbanization began to affect Crown Heights and Brooklyn. Robert Moses expanded the borough’s access to Long Island through expressway construction, by way of the G. I. Bill, many families moved east. Most of these opportunities were limited to whites. Levittown in Long Island, for example, forbid applications from black families; as the Jewish and Italian populations of Crown Heights moved out of Brooklyn, black people from the south and immigrants from the Caribbean continued to move there. The 1957 departure of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the destruction of Ebbets Field for public housing for its black population symbolically served as the end of the old white ethnic Crown Heights and in the 1960s the neighborhood experienced mass white flight.
The demographic change was astounding. The one exception to this pattern was
Yeshivah College, Australia
Yeshivah College Yeshivas Oholei Yosef Yitzchok Lubavitch, is an independent single-sex, Orthodox Jewish day school for boys, located in St Kilda East, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The school is run by the Chabad-Lubavitch movement's Yeshivah Centre, caters for students from kindergarten through to Year 12; the previous Lubavitcher Rebbe sent five Chabad families to establish a community in Australia. They moved to Shepparton as there was a Chabad family there. In the 1950s they moved to Melbourne and started the school in 1958. Rabbi Yitzchak Dovid Groner was sent from New York to help in the school and not long after his arrival he became the principal and director of the school. Yeshivah College now thrives on the same campus as the community's synagogue; the school is part of a worldwide network of schools named after Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn, the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe. The school is as a branch of the Yeshiva Centre umbrella, Rabbi Mordechai Berger was the principal of the high school, having replaced Rabbi Avrohom Glick at the start of the 2008 school year, Rabbi Glick stepped in as Interim Menahel when Rabbi Berger left at the end of the 2009 school year.
Rabbi Glick ended his term as Interim Menahel at the end of term two, being succeeded by Rabbi Yehoshua Smukler from Sydney, Australia. From students in Year 10 and upwards, Yeshivah College has two educational tracks. One is a dual curriculum including general education studies; the other is a religious studies only curriculum known as Mesivta. Every year a group of shluchim are sent to assist the teachers and mashpias of the school in setting an example for today's students, they do so by instituting mivtzos programs. In most years, the shluchim are sent from Ohlei Torah Rabbinical College. Over the years the number of Shluchim to the school has varied; the last number of years have had five shluchim per year. Yeshivah scores top VCE results for a non-selective boys only school; the Yeshivah College is part of a larger network of facilities of the Yeshivah Centre, which include a youth movement, Jewish studies classes, day camps, many other initiatives for Melbourne's wider Jewish community. The Melbourne Lubavitch community is part of a larger Haredi community based in Melbourne.
The College received criticism for its handling of reported child abuse in the 1990s, it has been lauded for its efforts to reach out to victims and for the strength of its child protection policies at the present. In 2015 Yeshivah established a groundbreaking redress scheme for victims years before any other Jewish school and predating the National Redress Scheme; the College was investigated by the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, for alleged abuses that occurred during the tenure of Rabbi Avrohom Glick, where Glick served as Principal in the 1980s and 1990s. In 2015 Glick resigned from all posts at Yeshivah College, he tendered his resignation from the spiritual committee of the Yeshivah Centre. Rabbi Yaakov Glasman Rabbi Mordechai Gutnick Joseph Gutnick – mining magnate John Safran – award winning comedian David Solomon – noted international Jewish historian and author Manny Waks – founder of the sexual abuse victims' advocate group, Tzedek.
Featured in the documentary film that covers allegations of child sex abuse at Yeshivah College. List of schools in Victoria List of high schools in Victoria Victorian Certificate of Education Hasidic Judaism Yeshivah College Website