Nuu-chah-nulth mythology

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Nuu-chah-nulth Mythology is the historical oral history of the Nuu-chah-nulth, a group of indigenous peoples living on Vancouver Island in British Columbia.

  • Many animals have a spirit associated with them; for example, Chulyen (crow) and Guguyni (raven) are trickster gods.
  • Two brothers, Tihtipihin and Kwatyat, were willingly swallowed by a monster because they needed to rescue their mother, who had already been swallowed. The brothers then cut through the stomach and, with their mother, escaped.
  • Andakout was born from the mucus or tears of a woman whose children had been stolen by Malahas (a malicious forest goddess). He rescued the children and killed Malahas.


Matlose is a famous hob-goblin of the Nootkas; he is a very Caliban of spirits; his head is like the head of something that might have been man but is not; his uncouth bulk is horrid with black bristles, his monstrous teeth and nails are like the claws of a bear. Whoever hears his terrible voice falls like one smitten, and his curved claws rend a prey into morsels with a single stroke.

Raven Annoys Octopus[edit]

One morning, as the tide went out, the old people came to sit and watch the ocean; as they sat there, they saw a woman walking along the beach. Her hair was long and strung into eight braids, her name was Octopus. There was a digging stick in her hand, she was going to look for clams. She sat down on a rock at the edge of the water and began to dig.

Soon, another person came along the beach; that person was tall with glossy black hair.

"Look," one of the old people said, "Here comes Raven. He is going to bother Octopus."