Liuwa Plain National Park
Liuwa Plain National Park is an 1,390-square-mile national park in Zambia's Western Province. "Liuwa" means "plain" in the local Lozi language, the plains served as a hunting ground for Lubosi Lewanika, the Litunga of the Lozi people. The area was designated as a protected area by Lubosi Lewanika in the early 1880s, as a national park in 1972, when Zambia's government took over management; the nonprofit conservation organization African Parks has managed Liuwa in partnership with the Department of National Parks and Wildlife and the Barotse Royal Establishment since 2003. The park's grasslands support a variety of large mammals, including tens of thousands of blue wildebeest, whose annual migration is Africa's second largest. Sighted large predators include the cheetah, spotted hyena, lion, the most famous of, a female resident called Lady Liuwa, the subject of a National Geographic documentary before she died of natural causes in 2017. Lady Liuwa was the only remaining lion in the area, following years of excess hunting, prior to African Parks' assuming management and introducing additional lions to encourage the reestablishment of a pride.
More than 300 bird species have been recorded in Liuwa, which has experienced limited tourism until recently. Animal populations have since stabilized, despite declines and local extinctions during the 1990s–2000s. Liuwa Plain lies within the Barotse Floodplain, is bounded by the Luambimba River to the north and Luanginga River to the south; the park is prominently made up of a grassland that measures 45 miles by 20 miles scattered with raffia palms and woodlands. Recorded grass species include Echinochloa stagnina and Vossia cuspidata, which are important for grazing herbivores, as well as Baikiaea plurijuga Guibourtia coleosperma, Peltophorum africanum, Terminalia sericea, various types of Hyphaene. Liuwa is home to a variety of mammals, including buffalo, common eland, common tsessebe, red lechwe, roan antelope, migrating blue wildebeest, which gather in the tens of thousands. Liuwa's wildebeest migration is the second-largest in Africa. A survey conducted in 1991 recorded population estimates of 30,000 blue wildebeest, 800 tsessebe, 1,000 zebra, 10,000 other large mammals, including buffalo, oribi, red lechwe and sitatunga.
Subsequent surveys suggested major population declines, with possible eradication of buffalo, Lichtenstein's hartebeest, roan antelope. However, improved protections since 2003 has stabilized populations. Predators include the cheetah, leopard and spotted hyena. According to the nonprofit conservation organization African Parks, all but one of the park's lions were eradicated during the 1990s due to poaching and trophy hunting. Liuwa's lone lioness, known as Lady Liuwa, was first reported to be present in the park in 2002; the organization has since led the introductions of several additional lions to reestablish a breeding pride in Liuwa, where there are seven lions, as of September 2017. Smaller omnivores in Liuwa include the banded side-striped jackal. Since 2005, the protected area is considered a Lion Conservation Unit. Lady Liuwa was the park's most prominent resident, was the subject of a National Geographic documentary released in 2010. According to folklore, the lioness was a reincarnation of Mambeti, a member of the Lozi tribe who lived and died in the park, a grandmother to several staff who were still working in the park, as of 2016.
Lady Liuwa was first reported to be present in the park in 2002, was said to have visited the woodlands where Mambeti was buried. In 2008, after no lions returned to the park African Parks attempted to introduce a male lion, but he died during the relocation. Two other males were reintroduced in 2009. Both of them mated with Lady Liuwa, but she was infertile; the two male lions made their way to Angola. Two lionesses were relocated from Kafue National Park to Liuwa in 2011. Sepo was captured, helicoptered back, placed in a boma with Lady Liuwa; the pair were released after two months. After mating with Nakawa, Sepo gave birth to one male and two female cubs in December 2013. Nakawa was killed from being poisoned. An unidentified lion was seen in the park in 2015. In September 2016, a collaborative project between African Parks, the Mushingashi Conservancy, the Zambia Carnivore Programme, Zambia's Department of National Parks and Wildlife introduced another male lion to Liuwa Plain from Kafue National Park.
The lion bonded with another in a boma for two months, were released. Lady Liuwa died of natural causes on August 9, 2017. 334 bird species, including various species of birds of prey, cranes, pelicans and storks, have been recorded in Liuwa. Raptors include the bateleur, greater kestrel, martial eagle, palm-nut vulture, Pel's fishing owl, as well as African fish eagles. Recorded water birds include the marabou, open-billed, saddle-billed, yellow-billed stork, as well as the blacksmith lapwing, the grey heron, pygmy geese, the spur-winged goose, the three-banded plover; the black-winged pratincole, Denham's bustard, long-tailed widowbird, pink-billed lark, rosy-throated longclaw, secretary bird, sharp-tailed starling, swamp boubou, white-bellied bustard, white-cheeked bee-eater are present, as are clapper l
Zambia the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa. It neighbours the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, Angola to the west; the capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country. Inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the eighteenth century, the region became the British protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century; these were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.
On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Rhodesia and Namibia. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation". Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralisation. Levy Mwanawasa, Chiluba's chosen successor, presided over Zambia from January 2002 until his death in August 2008, is credited with campaigns to reduce corruption and increase the standard of living. After Mwanawasa's death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected President in 2008. Holding office for only three years, Banda stepped down after his defeat in the 2011 elections by Patriotic Front party leader Michael Sata.
Sata died on 28 October 2014. Guy Scott served as interim president until new elections were held on 20 January 2015, in which Edgar Lungu was elected as the sixth President. In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries; the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa is headquartered in Lusaka. The territory of what is now Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia from 1911, it was renamed Zambia at independence in 1964. The new name of Zambia was derived from the Zambezi river; the area of modern Zambia is known to have been inhabited by the Khoisan until around AD 300, when migrating Bantu began to settle around these areas. These early hunter-gatherer groups were either annihilated or absorbed by subsequent more organised Bantu groups. Archaeological excavation work on the Zambezi Valley and Kalambo Falls show a succession of human cultures. In particular, ancient camping site tools near the Kalambo Falls have been radiocarbon dated to more than 36,000 year ago.
The fossil skull remains of Broken Hill Man, dated between 300,000 and 125,000 years BC, further shows that the area was inhabited by early humans. The early history of the peoples of modern Zambia can only be gleaned from knowledge passed down by generations through word of mouth. In the 12th century, waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants arrived during the Bantu expansion. Among them, the Tonga people were the first to settle in Zambia and are believed to have come from the east near the "big sea"; the Nkoya people arrived early in the expansion, coming from the Luba–Lunda kingdoms in the southern parts of the modern Democratic Republic of the Congo and northern Angola, followed by a much larger influx between the late 12th and early 13th centuries To the east, the Maravi Empire spanning the vast areas of Malawi and parts of modern northern Mozambique began to flourish under Kalonga. At the end of the 18th century, some of the Mbunda migrated to Barotseland, Mongu upon the migration of among others, the Ciyengele.
The Aluyi and their leader, the Litunga Mulambwa valued the Mbunda for their fighting ability. In the early 19th century, the Nsokolo people settled in the Mbala district of Northern Province. During the 19th century, the Ngoni and Sotho peoples arrived from the south. By the late 19th century, most of the various peoples of Zambia were established in their current areas; the earliest European to visit the area was the Portuguese explorer Francisco de Lacerda in the late 18th century. Lacerda led an expedition from Mozambique to the Kazembe region in Zambia, died during the expedition in 1798; the expedition was from on led by his friend Francisco Pinto. This territory, located between Portuguese Mozambique and Portuguese Angola, was claimed and explored by Portugal in that period. Other European visitors followed in the 19th century; the most prominent of these was David Livingstone, who had a vision of ending the slave trade through the "3 Cs": Christianity and Civilization. He was the first European to see the magnificent waterfalls on the Zambezi River in 1855, naming them the Victoria Falls after Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
He described them thus: "Scenes so lovely must have been gazed upon by angels in their flight". Locally the falls are known as "Mosi-o-Tunya" or "thunder
Nyika National Park
For the portion of the park in Zambia, see Nyika National Park, ZambiaNyika National Park is Malawi’s largest national park, with an area of 3200 km2. The park covers the whole of the Nyika Plateau in northern Malawi, about 480 km north of Lilongwe and 60 km north of Rumphi by road. Access is by a single dirt road which branches north off the road from Rumphi to the Katumbi border post, winds its way up the south-western scarp of the plateau, continues over the top, where it forms the border with Zambia descends the north-west scarp in a series of bends, continues north to the Chisenga border post. On the top of the plateau, a spur goes east to Chelinda, the headquarters of the park nearer the centre. Although the park boundary comes within 35 km of Livingstonia there is no access from the eastern side; the name Nyika means "where the water comes from" as the plateau's elevation makes it wetter than surrounding areas. Other suggested meanings are "wilderness" and "short grassland"; the top is in cloud, both in the rainy season and in the cold dry season when dense fogs, called Chiperoni, may persist well into the morning and sometimes all day.
The persistent moisture brings over 200 types of orchid into flower. The grasslands of Nyika are rich in wildflowers all through the year but from January to April during the rains. Most people experience the Nyika by staying on or driving over the plateau itself but this represents only around one third of the National Park; the escarpments and northern hill areas descend to lower altitude and feature a much drier landscape seasonally. This is dominated by Brachystegia woodland and Protea scrub at the interzone between the grassland and the woodlands. To travel into these zones you will need to be equipped for camping and take a local guide with you, it is easy to get lost and leaving the marked roads is not recommended without local support The plateau itself is recommended for trekking and mountain biking, as well as more conventional 4x4 excursions. The montane vegetation attracts large numbers of antelope from the diminutive Common duiker to eland and roan. Zebra are common near the highest part of the plateau.
The park is said to have one of the highest densities of leopards in Central Africa but this has not been supported by any scientific survey in the past 20 years and all mammals suffer changes in populations which can be rapid. Being nocturnal they are seen, although tracks and signs have been found. There are a number of species of smaller mammals such as warthogs and bushpigs, the smaller cats and porcupine. Elephants are seen anywhere on the plateau but buffalo are rare or extinct now. Hoof prints associated with them in the north of the park represent wandering domestic cattle from Uledi. Lions and elephants have been seen on the high plateau. Over 400 species of bird have been recorded in the park; the rare Denham’s bustard and the wattled crane are among those to be seen, as is the red-winged francolin - endemic to Nyika. Other attractions include waterfalls, the most impressive being Chisanga Falls where the North Rukuru river falls off the plateau to Thalire District, neolithic rock shelter, trout pools and a "magic lake".
The refurbished Chelinda Camp and the brand new log cabin lodge provide excellent accommodation and facilities. There is an airstrip for fly-in safaris; the lower-lying Vwaza Marsh Game Reserve is close to the Nyika National Park and can be accessed off the Rumphi Road on arrival or departure to the Nyika entrance gate at Thazima. The land west of the plateau road as it traverses the top is in Zambia, which calls its portion Nyika National Park, comprising just 80 km2; as there is no other road, Zambians can only reach it via Malawi. The Zambian park includes a colonial-era resthouse with splendid views west. Once it was the only accommodation in either park, in those days people from Malawi staying there did not have to pass through any border formalities, but paid a "Zambia entrance fee" along with their accommodation bill; the rest house closed in 1998. Proposals to re-open it did not progress and it remains derelict; this site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on May 17, 2000 in the Mixed category.
It has not yet progressed to acceptance. Description by malawitourism.com World Conservation Monitoring Centre Nyika National Park - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
Lower Zambezi National Park
The Lower Zambezi National Park lies on the north bank of the Zambezi River in southeastern Zambia. Until 1983 when the area was declared a national park, the area was the private game reserve of Zambia's president; this has resulted in the park being protected from the ravages of mass tourism and remains one of the few pristine wilderness areas left in Africa. On the opposite bank is Zimbabwe's Mana Pools National Park; the two parks sit on the Zambezi flood plain ringed by mountains. The area is a world heritage site. In fashion with the current trend in Southern Africa, there is talk of linking the two parks to form a massive trans-frontier park; the park slopes from the Zambezi Escarpment down to the river, straddling two main woodland savannah ecoregions distinguished by the dominant types of tree and Mopane: Southern Miombo woodlands on higher ground in the north, Zambezian and Mopane woodlands on lower slopes in the south. At the edge of the river is floodplain habitat; the park itself is ringed by a much larger game management area.
The attraction of the Lower Zambezi park and its surrounding GMA is its remote location. Unlike South African parks, there are no paved roads and you are unlikely to encounter another tourist whilst traveling around. Tourist numbers are minimized due to the park being inaccessible by road, unless one has advanced 4x4 driving skills and then only at certain times of the year. Tourists visit the park either on a boat on the Zambezi or by light aircraft flying from either Livingstone or Lusaka. Most large mammals in the national park congregate on the floodplain, including the Cape buffalo, a large elephant population, leopard, many antelope species and hippopotamus. Occasional sightings of the Cape wild dog occur throughout this park, one of Zambia's best strongholds for them. There are a large number of species of birds, but no black rhinoceros population remained around the time the national park was declared, in 1983. Wildlife of Zambia Lower Zambezi National Park Website http://www.zambezi.com/location/lower_zambezi_national_park http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/national-parks/lower-zambezi-national-park http://conservationlowerzambezi.org/
Kasanka National Park
Kasanka National Park is a park located in the Serenje District of Zambia’s Central Province. At 390 km2, Kasanka is one of Zambia’s smallest national parks. Kasanka was the first of Zambia’s national parks to be managed by a private-public partnership; the funded Kasanka Trust Ltd has been in operation since 1986 and undertakes all management responsibilities, in partnership with the Department of National Parks and Wildlife. The park has 1,290 m above mean sea level, it has water bodies with the largest being Wasa. There are five perennial rivers in the park, with the largest being the Luwombwa River; the Luwombwa is the only river. It is a tributary of the Luapula, which further upstream drains the Bangweulu Swamp and forms the main source of the Congo River. Although Kasanka NP is part of the Greater Bangweulu Ecosystem, there is no direct hydrological connection between the park and the Bangweulu Wetlands. A total of 114 mammal species have been recorded in the park including elephant and sitatunga.
A number of species have been reintroduced in the park by Kasanka Trust - the most successful of which are zebra and buffalo. Close to ten million Eidolon helvum migrate to the Mushitu swamp evergreen forest in the park for three months during October to December, making it the largest mammal migration in the world. Over 471 bird species have been identified in the park. Kasanka has a varying altitude of 1,290 m above mean sea level; the park is located in the Zambia in Serenje District of Zambia. While most sources quote the area of the park to be around 390 km2, others record the area close to 450 km2, making it one of the smaller national parks in the country, it has a flat topography with few noteworthy relief features, with the exception of the Mambilima Falls located close to the Kasanka Conservation Centre and the rocky Mpululwe and Bwalya Bemba hills. Nine permanent lakes are found in the park and it is dissected by a network of rivers and streams; the larger rivers are the Luwombwa, Kasanka and the swampy Musola River.
The river streams and the lagoons have reed and papyrus beds. All of these rivers shed their water via one another into the Luapula River, the only drainage outlet for the Bangweulu basin, a major tributary of the Congo River. There are a variety of habitats in the park. Brachystegia woodland, otherwise known as Miombo Woodland, covers around 70% of Kasanka’s surface area, interspersed with grassy dambos, it is rich in tree species and in many places forms a half closed canopy but supports a well-developed herbaceous stratum. A high frequency of fires removes this stratum and young saplings and leads to Miombo Woodland with large separated trees. Decades of “early burning” in the park have resulted in more natural Miombo with a strong presence of young trees and thicket species. Evergreen forests of three kinds occur within Kasanka; the Mushitu is characterised by huge red mahoganies and quinine trees among others and is well represented. The largest tract of intact Mushitu, in the Fibwe area, hosts the annual gathering of straw-coloured fruit bats from October to December making it the largest fruit bat roost on Earth.
Riverine forests are found along most rivers in Kasanka, with the largest stretches being found along the Luwombwa. True Mateshe was common in historic times but is rare now, as a result of centuries of frequent fires. All forest types are at risk from frequent wildfires as the tree species they support are not resistant to fire. Chipya known as Lake Basin Woodland has interspersed trees and do not form a closed canopy; this allows sunlight. Chipya is prone to hot fires in the dry season,and this gives these woodlands their name as ‘chiya’ means ‘burnt’ in the local language. Chipya occurs on soils and are thought to be a fire derivate form of Mateshe. Dambo’s are grassy drainage channels and basins with little to no woody vegetation but palatable grasses. Most woody species grow on exposed termitaria as dambo’s tend to retain water well. Dambo’s are of a vital importance to grazing mammal species as well as several woodland mammals that choose to graze on the fringes during the dry season. Several large grassy plains occur within the park such as Chinyangali close to Fibwe and the Chikufwe plain east of the Luwombwa River.
Papyrus swamps are considered the crown jewels of Kasanka with vast marshes supporting large tracts of thick papyrus swamp and home to the elusive sitatunga. Kasanka has over 100 km of rivers flowing through the park. Many of the rivers the Luwombwa in the west support riparian fringe forests on their banks. Large areas of grassy floodplains are found along the Kasanka and Luwombwa rivers; the rivers and lakes are host to a variety of fish and are rich in other forms of aquatic and semi-aquatic wildlife. A total of 114 mammal species have been recorded in the park. Although depleted in the past, due to an ongoing anti-poaching presence, game populations in Kasanka have recovered. Puku are the most plentiful antelope and graze on the grassy floodplains and dambo’s throughout the Park. Common duiker, warthog, vervet monkey and Kinda baboon are common throughout the park and hippo can frequently
Malawi the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa, known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, Mozambique on the east and west. Malawi is over 118,000 km2 with an estimated population of 18,091,575. Lake Malawi takes up about a third of Malawi's area, its capital is Lilongwe, Malawi's largest city. The name Malawi comes from an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area; the country is nicknamed "The Warm Heart of Africa" because of the friendliness of the people. The part of Africa now known as Malawi was settled by migrating Bantu groups around the 10th century. Centuries in 1891 the area was colonised by the British. In 1953 Malawi known as Nyasaland, a protectorate of the United Kingdom, became a protectorate within the semi-independent Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland; the Federation was dissolved in 1963. In 1964 the protectorate over Nyasaland was ended and Nyasaland became an independent country under Queen Elizabeth II with the new name Malawi.
Two years it became a republic. Upon gaining independence it became a totalitarian one-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994. Malawi has a democratic, multi-party government headed by an elected president Arthur Peter Mutharika; the country has a Malawian Defence Force that includes a navy and an air wing. Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Western and includes positive diplomatic relations with most countries and participation in several international organisations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Southern African Development Community, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the African Union. Malawi is among the world's least-developed countries; the economy is based in agriculture, with a rural population. The Malawian government depends on outside aid to meet development needs, although this need has decreased since 2000; the Malawian government faces challenges in building and expanding the economy, improving education, environmental protection, becoming financially independent amidst widespread unemployment.
Since 2005, Malawi has developed several programs that focus on these issues, the country's outlook appears to be improving, with a rise in the economy and healthcare seen in 2007 and 2008. Malawi has a low life expectancy and high infant mortality. There is a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, a drain on the labour force and government expenditures. There is a diverse population of native peoples and Europeans, with several languages spoken and an array of religious beliefs. Although there was periodic regional conflict fuelled in part by ethnic divisions in the past, by 2008 it had diminished and the concept of a Malawian nationality had reemerged; the area of Africa now known as Malawi had a small population of hunter-gatherers before waves of Bantu peoples began emigrating from the north around the 10th century. Although most of the Bantu peoples continued south, some remained permanently and founded ethnic groups based on common ancestry. By 1500 AD, the tribes had established the Kingdom of Maravi that reached from north of what is now Nkhotakota to the Zambezi River and from Lake Malawi to the Luangwa River in what is now Zambia.
Soon after 1600, with the area united under one native ruler, native tribesmen began encountering, trading with and making alliances with Portuguese traders and members of the military. By 1700, the empire had broken up into areas controlled by many individual ethnic groups; the Arab slave trade reached its height in the mid- 1800s, when 20,000 people were enslaved and considered to be carried yearly from Nkhotakota to Kilwa where they were sold. Missionary and explorer David Livingstone reached Lake Malawi in 1859 and identified the Shire Highlands south of the lake as an area suitable for European settlement; as the result of Livingstone's visit, several Anglican and Presbyterian missions were established in the area in the 1860s and 1870s, the African Lakes Company Limited was established in 1878 to set up a trade and transport concern working with the missions, a small mission and trading settlement was established at Blantyre in 1876 and a British Consul took up residence there in 1883.
The Portuguese government was interested in the area so, to prevent Portuguese occupation, the British government sent Harry Johnston as British consul with instructions to make treaties with local rulers beyond Portuguese jurisdiction. In 1889, a British protectorate was proclaimed over the Shire Highlands, extended in 1891 to include the whole of present-day Malawi as the British Central Africa Protectorate. In 1907, the protectorate was renamed Nyasaland, a name it retained for the remainder of its time under British rule. In a prime example of what is sometimes called the "Thin White Line" of colonial authority in Africa, the colonial government of Nyasaland was formed in 1891; the administrators were given a budget of £10,000 per year, enough to employ ten European civilians, two military officers, seventy Punjab Sikhs and eighty-five Zanzibar porters. These few employees were expected to administer and police a territory of around 94,000 square kilometres with between one and two million people.
In 1944, the Nyasaland African Congress was formed by the Africans of Nyasaland to promote local interests to the British g
A wildflower is a flower that grows in the wild, meaning it was not intentionally seeded or planted. Yet "wildflower" meadows of a few mixed species are sold in seed packets; the term implies that the plant is neither a hybrid nor a selected cultivar, in any way different from the way it appears in the wild as a native plant if it is growing where it would not naturally. The term can refer to the flowering plant as a whole when not in bloom, not just the flower."Wildflower" is not an exact term. Terms like native species, exotic or, introduced species, of which some are labelled invasive species and naturalized are much more accurate. In the United Kingdom, the organisation Plantlife International instituted the "County Flowers scheme" in 2002, for which members of the public nominated and voted for a wild flower emblem for their county; the aim was to spread awareness of the heritage of native species and about the need for conservation, as some of these species are endangered. For example, Somerset has adopted the Cheddar Pink, London the Rosebay Willowherb and Denbighshire/Sir Ddinbych in Wales the rare Limestone Woundwort.
Adonis aestivalis - summer pheasant's-eye Anthemis arvensis Anagallis Agrostemma githago Centaurea cyanus Coreopsis tinctoria Dianthus barbatus Digitalis purpurea Eschscholzia californica - California Poppy Gypsophila elegans Glebionis segetum Lantana spp. Papaver rhoeas Silene latifolia Viola tricolor Dimorphotheca aurantiaca Alnus glutinosa Callirhoe involucrata Potentilla sterilis Prunus padus Petasites hybridus Ranunculus ficaria Tussilago farfara Viola riviniana Phlox drummondii Ulmus sp. List of San Francisco Bay Area wildflowers Superbloom Megaherbs Native plant Naturalisation Media related to Wild flowers at Wikimedia Commons Wildflower Magazine promotes the use and conservation of wildflowers and native plants, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Published by the North American Native Plant Society Plantlife, UK organisation Wildflower in Cyprus Information on 1250 native plant species to North Cyprus. Ontario Wildflowers Detailed information about wildflowers of Ontario and Northeastern North America Western USA wildflower reports NPIN: Native Plant Database Native Plant Database from the North American Native Plant Society