Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis
Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis is a public research university in Indianapolis, Indiana. A core campus of Indiana University that offers Purdue University degrees, it is the result of a merger in 1969 of the Purdue Indianapolis Extension Center and Indiana University Indianapolis. Located along the White River and Fall Creek, it sits upon a peninsula adjacent to Downtown Indianapolis. Among more than 200 degree programs, the urban university hosts the primary campuses for both the Indiana University School of Medicine, with more than 2,000 students, the Indiana University School of Dentistry. Represented among the graduate schools, the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law is one of only two law schools operated by Indiana University, with the Indiana University Maurer School of Law being the Bloomington equivalent. More than 8,000 students in 2014 were enrolled in professional schools. Total enrollment of 30,690 was reported in 2014, making it the third largest university in the state.
Nearly 89% of the student body is composed of native Hoosiers, with 6% coming from abroad and the remaining from out of state. The IUPUI Jaguars compete in the NCAA's Division I in the Horizon League. Several athletics venues are located on the campus, including the IU Michael A. Carroll Track & Soccer Stadium and Indiana University Natatorium, the largest indoor pool in the United States, with a seating capacity of 4,700. Founded in 1969, Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis is an urban campus in Indianapolis, the 15th largest city in the United States, with a population of 2 million in the metropolitan statistical area; the campus is just west of downtown, within walking distance of the state capitol and other governmental offices, the site of numerous nationally renowned businesses and art, sports and health facilities. In 1968, Dr. Maynard K. Hine, dean of the IU School of Dentistry began working with then-Mayor of Indianapolis Richard Lugar, IU President Joseph L. Sutton, Purdue President Frederick L. Hovde, others to establish IUPUI in 1969 through the merger of the Indianapolis extension programs of both IU and Purdue.
Some schools, were established before the merger, including the IU School of Medicine, IU School of Dentistry, IU Robert H. McKinney School of Law, IU School of Liberal Arts, IU Herron School of Art. IUPUI includes the nation’s largest nursing school, the second largest medical school in the country, the only dental school in the state, the country’s oldest school of physical education. IUPUI is among the top 20 campuses in the nation; as a core campus of Indiana University, IUPUI is governed by the IU Board of Trustees. IUPUI includes two Purdue University schools; the campus offers more than 225 degrees provided by 18 different schools. IUPUI has more students from Indiana than any other campus in the state, the largest number of underrepresented minorities in the Indiana University system and the largest population of graduate and professional students of any university in Indiana. 75 percent of IUPUI classes have 25 or fewer students. IUPUI has tenure-track faculty members. With research expenditures of nearly $272 million in 2014, IUPUI is the second-largest site for research in Indiana.
Ranked among the Top 200 "National Universities", ranked 7th for "Up and Coming School", was recognized for its first-year experience, learning communities and efforts to help veterans and active-duty service members by U. S. News & World Report; as of 2013, for 13 consecutive years U. S. News has highlighted IUPUI for offering programs that help ensure a positive collegiate experience for new freshman and undergraduates. Ranked among the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2014 Listed "With Distinction" in the 2014 President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll Received the Carnegie Community Engagement Classification for 2015 by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Achieved Sustainability Tracking and Rating System silver rating by the Association for Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education. Received the Higher Education Excellence in Diversity Award from INSIGHT into Diversity magazine Was named among the 30 best non-Historically Black Colleges and Universities for minorities in the United States by Diverse: Issues in Higher Education.
Ranked as "Best for Vets: Colleges 2014" by the Military Times Was designated a 2014 Military Friendly School by Victoria Media Inc. IUPUI has been accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools since 1972. In 2013, IUPUI, including its Columbus regional education center, received reaffirmation of its accreditation through 2022–2023. IUPUI maintains a full complement of disciplinary accreditations that can be found on the website dedicated to the accreditation process. IU Herron School of Art and Design Departments of: IU Kelley School of Business IU School of Dentistry Departments of: IU School of Education Departments of: Elementary Education • Secondary Education IU Fairbanks School of Public Health IU School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Departments of: IU School of Informatics and Computing Departments of: Human-Centered Computing, BioHealth Informatics, Library and Information Science. IU Robert H. McKinney School of Law IU School of Liberal Arts Departments of: IU School of Medicine Departments of: IU School of Nursing IU School of Physical Education and Tourism Management Departments of: O'N
Memorial Stadium (Indiana University)
Memorial Stadium known as The Rock, is a stadium in Bloomington, Indiana. It is used for football, is the home field of the Indiana Hoosiers; the stadium opened in 1960 as part of a new athletics area at the university and has a capacity of 52,656. It replaced the original Memorial Stadium, built in 1925, a 20,000-seat stadium located on 10th Street where the arboretum now stands; the stadium has been renovated or updated multiple times since the original construction, including the replacement of the original wooden seats with aluminum bleachers, installation of sound and lighting systems, major structural overhauls. On June 1, 2003, a $3.5 million renovation of the Memorial Stadium press box was completed, which added 300 indoor club seats and 9 suites. In the summer of 2003, the Hoosier locker room in Memorial Stadium underwent a $250,000 renovation; the facelift to the original 1986 facility included renovating and modernizing the existing space with new carpeting, a new bulkhead ceiling along with the installation of custom-built oak wood lockers for 105 football players.
The renovation was funded in large part by former Hoosier quarterback Trent Green his wife Julie and philanthropist Ted Derheimer. A 36 x 91-foot HD scoreboard from Daktronics was added to the South End Zone for the 2010 season, along with a state-of-the-art sound system; the field at the stadium was natural grass, but this was replaced in 1970 with artificial turf, updated to AstroTurf in 1986. The AstroTurf was replaced with grass in 1998, but the field soon reverted to an artificial surface in 2003. Heavy rains in June 2008 damaged the field, washing away the gravel substrate, creating a large sinkhole in the south end zone, which led to the installation of a FieldTurf surface. A new FieldTurf Revolution 360 playing surface was installed prior to the 2016 season. In 2005, head football coach Terry Hoeppner had a southern Indiana limestone boulder, nicknamed "The Rock", installed in the north end zone as a new campus tradition; this limestone boulder was found prior to Hoeppner's first season at IU in the practice field.
It was put on a granite slab and moved to the stadium. The Hoosiers and coach Hoeppner walked out and touched the Rock before running onto the field at every home game during Hoeppner's time as head coach. Terry Hoeppner died of brain cancer on June 19, 2007, The Rock now serves as motivation for the team as well as a tribute to Hoeppner's influence on the football program; the prow and two guns of the USS Indiana are erected at the western entrance of the stadium. The battleship saw extensive service in the Pacific Theater during World War II, taking part in the invasion of the Gilbert Islands, Marshall Islands, Marianas campaign, the Battle of Iwo Jima and earning nine battle stars. In September 2006, Indiana University announced plans to expand Memorial Stadium and enclose the north end zone. Demolition of the North End Zone bleachers took place in January 2007; this left capacity for the 2007 and 2008 seasons at 49,225. The expansion provides additional space for classrooms, a 25,000 sq ft weight/training room, a Hall of Fame, expanded seating for football, raising the stadium's seating capacity to 52,692.
The expansion is part of an overall $55 million expansion of several Indiana University athletic facilities. The project was completed as scheduled in August 2009, was ready for the Hoosiers when they opened against Eastern Kentucky on September 3, 2009. Indiana Athletic Director Fred Glass announced in July 2009 $3 million of additional renovations to the stadium for the 2009 season, including a new "retro" North End Zone scoreboard, a "Knothole Park" kids area in the south end zone, upgrades to the press box, repainting walkways, renovated concession stands, additional ticket booths, new fencing around the stadium. Indiana University Athletic Director Fred Glass said on October 9, 2014 that a project to enclose the south end of Memorial Stadium is being planned at an estimated cost of $10 million; the project will include: a new rehabilitation and treatment facility for athletes, additional academic and life skills support facilities, a "multi-use" outdoor terrace on the roof of the structure, an entry plaza and green space at the south end of the stadium.
The project was confirmed in March 2016, is expected to be completed for the 2018 season. The total cost is $53 million. A new 20 x 68 foot video board was installed in the North End Zone for the 2017 season, with a 42 x 91.3 foot video board installed prior to the 2018 season, in the completed south end zone. List of NCAA Division I FBS football stadiums Memorial Stadium – Indiana Hoosiers World Stadiums.com - photos - Memorial Stadium
Indianapolis shortened to Indy, is the state capital and most populous city of the U. S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. According to 2017 estimates from the U. S. Census Bureau, the consolidated population of Indianapolis and Marion County was 872,680; the "balance" population, which excludes semi-autonomous municipalities in Marion County, was 863,002. It is the 16th most populous city in the U. S; the Indianapolis metropolitan area is the 34th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U. S. with 2,028,614 residents. Its combined statistical area ranks 27th, with a population of 2,411,086. Indianapolis covers 368 square miles, making it the 16th largest city by land area in the U. S. Indigenous peoples inhabited the area dating to 2000 BC. In 1818, the Delaware relinquished their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. Mary's. In 1821, Indianapolis was founded as a planned city for the new seat of Indiana's state government; the city was platted by Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham on a 1 square mile grid next to the White River.
Completion of the National and Michigan roads and arrival of rail solidified the city's position as a manufacturing and transportation hub. Two of the city's nicknames reflect its historical ties to transportation—the "Crossroads of America" and "Railroad City". Since the 1970 city-county consolidation, known as Unigov, local government administration operates under the direction of an elected 25-member city-county council headed by the mayor. Indianapolis anchors the 27th largest economic region in the U. S. based on the sectors of finance and insurance, manufacturing and business services and health care and wholesale trade. The city has notable niche markets in auto racing; the Fortune 500 companies of Anthem, Eli Lilly and Company and Simon Property Group are headquartered in Indianapolis. The city has hosted international multi-sport events, such as the 1987 Pan American Games and 2001 World Police and Fire Games, but is best known for annually hosting the world's largest single-day sporting event, the Indianapolis 500.
Indianapolis is home to two major league sports clubs, the Indiana Pacers of the National Basketball Association and the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League. It is home to a number of educational institutions, such as the University of Indianapolis, Butler University, Marian University, Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis; the city's robust philanthropic community has supported several cultural assets, including the world's largest children's museum, one of the nation's largest funded zoos, historic buildings and sites, public art. The city is home to the largest collection of monuments dedicated to veterans and war casualties in the U. S. outside of Washington, D. C; the name Indianapolis is derived from the state's name and polis, the Greek word for city. Jeremiah Sullivan, justice of the Indiana Supreme Court, is credited with coining the name. Other names considered were Concord and Tecumseh. In 1816, the year Indiana gained statehood, the U. S. Congress donated four sections of federal land to establish a permanent seat of state government.
Two years under the Treaty of St. Mary's, the Delaware relinquished title to their tribal lands in central Indiana, agreeing to leave the area by 1821; this tract of land, called the New Purchase, included the site selected for the new state capital in 1820. The availability of new federal lands for purchase in central Indiana attracted settlers, many of them descendants of families from northwestern Europe. Although many of these first European and American settlers were Protestants, a large proportion of the early Irish and German immigrants were Catholics. Few African Americans lived in central Indiana before 1840; the first European Americans to permanently settle in the area that became Indianapolis were either the McCormick or Pogue families. The McCormicks are considered to be the first permanent settlers. Other historians have argued as early as 1822 that John Wesley McCormick, his family, employees became the area's first European American settlers, settling near the White River in February 1820.
On January 11, 1820, the Indiana General Assembly authorized a committee to select a site in central Indiana for the new state capital. The state legislature approved the site, adopting the name Indianapolis on January 6, 1821. In April, Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham were appointed to survey and design a town plan for the new settlement. Indianapolis became a seat of county government on December 31, 1821, when Marion County, was established. A combined county and town government continued until 1832. Indianapolis became an incorporated city effective March 30, 1847. Samuel Henderson, the city's first mayor, led the new city government, which included a seven-member city council. In 1853, voters approved a new city charter that provided for an elected mayor and a fourteen-member city council; the city charter continued to be revised. Effective January 1, 1825, the seat of state government moved to Indianapolis from Indiana. In addition to state government offices, a U. S. district court was established at Indianapolis in 1825.
Growth occurred with the opening of the National Road through the town in 1827, the first major federally funded highway in the United States. A small segment of the failed Indiana Central
John Graham (policy analyst)
John D. Graham, Ph. D. is a former senior official in the George W. Bush administration and is dean of the Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs. In August 2018, Graham announced he will step down from SPEA deanship and return to SPEA's faculty in the 2019 academic year. John D. Graham was born in 1956 as the son of an accomplished steel industry executive, raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, he earned his Bachelor of Arts in politics and economics at Wake Forest University in 1978, where he won national awards as an intercollegiate debater. He earned his Master of Arts in public policy at Duke University in 1980 before serving as staff associate to Chairman Howard Raiffa's Committee on Risk and Decision Making of the National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences, he earned his Ph. D. in public policy at Carnegie Mellon University, his doctoral dissertation on automobile safety, written at the Brookings Institution, was cited in pro-airbag decisions by the U. S. Supreme Court in 1983 and by Secretary of Transportation Elizabeth Dole in 1985.
Graham joined the Harvard School of Public Health as a post-doctoral fellow in 1983 and as an assistant professor in 1985. He taught methods of decision analysis and cost-benefit analysis to physicians and other graduate students in public health, his prolific writings addressed both the analytic and institutional aspects of lifesaving policies. In 1991, at age 34, Graham earned tenure at Harvard. From 1990 to 2001, Graham led the Harvard Center for Risk Analysis. By raising over $10 million in project grants and philanthropic contributions, Graham helped support eight new faculty positions and dozens of post-doctoral and doctoral students. By 2001, HCRA became internationally recognized for analytic contributions to environmental protection, injury prevention, medical technology innovation. In 1995, Graham was elected president of the Society for Risk Analysis, an international membership organization of 2,400 scientists and engineers. Graham reached out to risk analysts in Europe, China and Australia as he helped organize the first World Congress on Risk Analysis in Brussels in 2000.
In 2009, Graham received the SRA's Distinguished Lifetime Achievement Award, the society's highest award for excellence. In 2013, Graham returned to Brussels, Belgium, to testify before the European Parliament Committee on International Trade about barriers to free trade, he has delivered invited testimony to numerous House and Senate Committees and federal agencies, the European Commission and Parliament. Graham is known to the public and to opinion leaders through his entertaining speeches about why Americans are both paranoid and neglectful of risks in their daily lives. In both formal and informal formats, he speaks to groups of reporters, business leaders, government officials, he has made several prime-time television appearances, including a Good Morning America interview on the safety of automobile airbags and a significant contribution to John Stossel's prime-time ABC special, Are We Scaring Ourselves to Death? In March 2001, President George W. Bush nominated Graham to serve as administrator, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget.
He was confirmed by the Senate in July 2001. Located in the Executive Office of the President, this office of 50 career policy analysts oversees the regulatory and statistical activities of the federal government. In this capacity, Graham worked to slash the growth of regulatory costs by 70 percent while encouraging regulations that save lives, prevent disease, protect the environment. From March 2006 to July 2008, Graham was dean of the Frederick S. Pardee RAND Graduate School at the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California. PRGS is the largest doctoral program in policy analysis in the world. Graham streamlined the core curriculum, established new analytic concentrations, revised program requirements to enable students to launch their dissertations more promptly, raised funds from individuals and corporations to support scholarships, dissertation support, policy papers co-authored by students and RAND researchers. On July 28, 2008, Graham became the dean of the unique two-campus, $50 million professional school, the Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs.
Located in Bloomington and Indianapolis, Indiana, SPEA is one of the largest public affairs schools in the nation. During Graham's tenure, the School's enrollment has grown to more than 2,000 undergraduate students, 500 plus master's students, 80 doctoral students; the 85 full-time faculty members, which include laboratory scientists, social scientists and policy specialists, have doubled the number of research articles they produce annually since 2008. Additionally, under Graham's deanship, SPEA's Master's in Public Affairs Program on the Bloomington campus rose to No. 1 out of 272 programs in the 2016 U. S. News and World Report national survey, he has raised $15 million in philanthropic support for the School and, with faculty, students and donors, implemented a strategic planning process to guide the School, resulting in the publication of SPEA 2015 and SPEA 2020. During his tenure, student enrollment in overseas study programs has tripled and the first online MPA program offered by a top graduate school in public affairs, SPEA Connect, was launched.
Director, NSF International, Ann Arbor, MI Faculty Advisor to IU Ballroom Dance Club Member, International Advisory Board of Germany's Helmholtz-Programme "Technology and Society" Chairperson, Regulatory Occupations Evaluation Committee, State of Indiana (
Paul H. O'Neill
Paul Henry O'Neill served as the 72nd United States Secretary of the Treasury for part of President George W. Bush's first term, he was fired in December 2002 for his public disagreement with the administration. Prior to his term as Secretary of the Treasury, O'Neill was chairman and CEO of Pittsburgh-based industrial giant Alcoa and chairman of the RAND Corporation. O'Neill was born in St. Louis and resides in Pittsburgh, he met his wife at Anchorage High School in Anchorage, from which they both graduated in 1954. He lived on the military base there with his parents, he received a bachelor's degree in Economics from California State University, studied economics at Claremont Graduate University in 1961, received a Master of Public Administration from Indiana University. O'Neill and his wife Nancy Jo have four children, 12 grandchildren, nine great grandchildren, he began his public service as a computer systems analyst with the Veterans Administration, where he served from 1961 to 1966. He joined the United States Office of Management and Budget in 1967, was deputy director of OMB from 1974 to 1977.
After President Gerald Ford lost the 1976 election, O'Neill took an executive job at International Paper in New York City. He was vice president of the company from 1977 to 1985 and president from 1985 to 1987. In 1989, he was approached by President George H. W. Bush to be Secretary of Defense. O'Neill recommended Dick Cheney for the position. Bush pursued O'Neill to chair an advisory group on education that included Lamar Alexander, Bill Brock, Richard Riley. O'Neill was chairman and CEO of the Pittsburgh industrial giant Alcoa from 1987 to 1999, retired as chairman at the end of 2000. At the beginning of his tenure O'Neill encountered significant resistance from the Board of Directors due to his stance on prioritizing worker safety. By improving Alcoa's safety record, the company's market value increased from $3 billion in 1986 to $27.53 billion in 2000, while net income increased from $200 million to $1.484 billion. In 1995, O'Neill was made chairman of the RAND Corporation. In December 1997, O'Neill together with Karen Wolk Feinstein, President of the Jewish Healthcare Foundation, founded the Pittsburgh Regional Health Initiative.
They assembled a wide-ranging coalition of healthcare interests to begin to address the problems of healthcare, as a region. PRHI adapted the principles of the Toyota Production System into the "Perfecting Patient Care" system. O'Neill became a leader locally and nationally in addressing issues of patient safety and quality in healthcare. O'Neill was co-leader of Pittsburgh's Riverlife Task Force, along with the editor of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette at the time, John G. Craig Jr. O'Neill is a member of Carnegie Mellon University's Heinz College's Dean's Advisory Council. Ron Suskind interviewed O'Neill extensively about his tenure in the Bush Administration, he was given access to a large amount of documentation. In 2004 he produced the book The Price of Loyalty, detailing O'Neill's tenure in the Bush Administration; the book describes many of the conflicts. The book details O'Neill's criticisms of some of Bush's economic policies. O'Neill claims that Bush appeared somewhat unquestioning and uncurious, that the war in Iraq was planned from the first National Security Council meeting, soon after the administration took office.
At the first cabinet meeting of the new Bush administration, O'Neill observed that the debate was not "should we attack Iraq?" but rather "how do we go about attacking Iraq?" O'Neill viewed this as a violation of earlier guarantees that Bush would refrain from nation building endeavors during his time in office. In an October 16, 2007 Op Ed published in the New York Times, he wrote of the reluctance among politicians to address comprehensive reform in the U. S. health care system. In the opinion, he suggested that doctors and hospitals should be required to report medical errors within 24 hours, as well as moving malpractice suits out of the civil courts and into a new, independent body, he felt that health care reform had to acknowledge all aspects of the problem, such as insurance coverage, medical costs, quality of care, information technology. In April 2016, he was one of eight former Treasury secretaries who called on the United Kingdom to remain a member of the European Union ahead of the June 2016 Referendum.
Appearances on C-SPAN
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
The National Academies of Sciences and Medicine is the collective scientific national academy of the United States. The name is used interchangeably in two senses: as an umbrella term for its three quasi-independent honorific member organizations, and as the brand for studies and reports issued by the operating arm of the three academies, the National Research Council. The NRC was first formed in 1916 as an activity of the NAS. Now jointly governed by all three academies, it produces some 200 publications annually which are published by the National Academies Press; the US National Academy of Sciences was created by an Act of Incorporation dated March 3, 1863, signed by President of the United States Abraham Lincoln The Act stated that "... the Academy shall, whenever called upon by any department of the Government, examine and report upon any subject of science or art.... " With the American civil war raging, the new Academy was presented with few problems to solve, but it did address matters of "... coinage and measures, iron ship hulls, the purity of whiskey..."
All subsequently affiliated organizations have been created under this same overall congressional charter, including the two younger academies, National Academy of Engineering and NAM. Under this same charter, the National Research Council was created in 1916. On June 19 of that year US President Woodrow Wilson requested that the National Academy of Sciences organize a "National Research Council"; the purpose of the Council was in part to foster and encourage "the increased use of scientific research in the development of American industries... the employment of scientific methods in strengthening the national defense... and such other applications of science as will promote the national security and welfare."At the time, the Academy's effort to support national defense readiness, the Committee on Nitric Acid Supply, was approved by Secretary of War Newton D. Baker. Nitric acid was the substance basic in the making of propellants such as cordite, high explosives, dyes and other products but availability was limited due to World War I.
The NRC, through its committee, recommended importing Chilean saltpeter and the construction of four new ordinance plants. These recommendations were accepted by the War Department in June 1917, although the plants were not completed prior to the end of the war. In 1918, Wilson formalized the NRC's existence under Executive Order 2859. Wilson's order declared the function of the NRC to be in general: "o stimulate research in the mathematical. Physical, biological sciences, and in the application of these sciences to engineering, agriculture. Medicine, and other useful arts. With the object of increasing knowledge, of strengthening the national defense, of contributing in other ways to the public welfare."During World War I, the United States was at war, the NRC operated as the Department of Science and Research of the Council of National Defense as well as the Science and Research Division of the United States Army Signal Corps. When war was first declared, the Council had organized committees on gas warfare.
On June 1, 1917, the council convened a meeting of scientific representatives of the United Kingdom and France with interested parties from the U. S. on the subject of submarine detection. Another meeting with the British and French was held in Paris in October 1918, at which more details of their work was disclosed; as a result of these meetings, the NRC recommended that scientists be brought together to work on the problems associated with submarine detection. Due to the success of council-directed research in producing a sound-based method of detecting submarines, as well as other military innovations, the NRC was retained at the end of the war, though it was decoupled from the military. NRC's Articles of Organization have been changed only three times: in 1956, January 1993, July 2015; the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering and National Academy of Medicine are honorary membership organizations, each of which has its own governing Council, each of which elects its own new members.
The membership of the three academies totals more than 6,300 scientists and health professionals. New members for each organization are elected annually by current members, based on their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. By the terms of the original 1863 Congressional charter, the three academies serve pro bono as "advisers to the nation on science and medicine." The program units known as the National Research Council, are collectively the operating arm of the three academies for the purpose of providing objective policy advice. Although separately chartered, it falls under the overall charter of the National Academy of Sciences, whose ultimate fiduciary body is the NAS Council. In actual practice, the NAS Council delegates governing authority to a Governing Board of the National Research Council, chaired jointly by the presidents of the three academies, with additional members chosen by them or specified in the charters of the academies. Under this three-academy umbrella, the program units produce reports that shape policies, inform public opinion, advance the pursuit of science and medicine.
There are seven major divisions: Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Division of E
Indiana Hoosiers men's basketball
The Indiana Hoosiers men's basketball team represents Indiana University in NCAA Division I college basketball and competes in the Big Ten Conference. The Hoosiers play on Branch McCracken Court at Simon Skjodt Assembly Hall in Bloomington, Indiana on the Indiana University Bloomington campus. Indiana has won five NCAA Championships in men's basketball — the first two under coach Branch McCracken and the latter three under Bob Knight. Indiana's 1976 squad remains; the Hoosiers are tied for sixth in NCAA Tournament appearances, seventh in NCAA Tournament victories, tied for eighth in Final Four appearances, 11th in overall victories. The Hoosiers have won 22 Big Ten Conference Championships and have the best winning percentage in conference games at nearly 60 percent. No team has had more All-Big Ten selections than the Hoosiers with 53; the Hoosiers rank seventh in all-time AP poll appearances and sixth in the number of weeks spent ranked No. 1. Every four-year men's basketball letterman since 1973 has earned a trip to the NCAA basketball tournament.
Additionally, every four-year player since 1950 has played on a nationally ranked squad at Indiana. The Hoosiers are among the most storied programs in the history of college basketball. A 2019 study listed Indiana as the fifth most valuable collegiate basketball program in the country. Indiana has ranked in the top 20 nationally in men's basketball attendance every season since Assembly Hall opened in 1972, in the top five. Indiana has two main rivalries including in-state, against the Purdue Boilermakers, out-of-state, against the Kentucky Wildcats Indiana players wear warm-up pants that are striped red and white, like the stripes of a candy cane, they were first worn by the team in the 1970s under head coach Bob Knight. At the time they were in keeping with the fashion trends of the 1970s, but despite changing styles they have since become an iconic part of playing for Indiana. IU star guard Steve Alford said, "As you watch television and you watch the IU games, that's the first thing you saw, was the team run out in the candy stripes.
So when you got to put those on, those are pretty special." Rusty Stillions, Director of Indiana's Equipment Operations, said the pants were available only for team members. However, changes in licensing agreements permitted the general public to buy them as well, they have since become a staple at other Indiana basketball events. The team is noted for their simple game jerseys. Unlike most schools, Indiana doesn't have players' names on the back of jerseys that players wear on the court; the notion behind the nameless jerseys is that players play for the team name on the front, not the individual's name on the back. In keeping with Indiana's longstanding principle of putting team over player, the Hoosiers have never retired any jersey numbers. Adidas is the current outfitter of Indiana athletics; when coach Mike Davis succeeded Bob Knight, he suggested adding names to the jerseys. However, the Hoosiers' minimalist look had become such a part of the program's brand that the proposal was dropped after considerable backlash from fans.
Despite the long tradition behind the jerseys, they have undergone some slight changes over the years. The school's colors are cream and crimson, but in the 1970s Knight and football coach Lee Corso started using uniforms that were more scarlet or bright red. During the same time, cream gave way universally to white, but those colors reverted to cream and crimson in the early 2000s, after then-athletics director Michael McNeely decided that the team uniforms needed to reflect the school's official colors of cream and crimson. During the third time-out of every second half, the Indiana Big Red Basketball Band performs the William Tell Overture with cheerleaders racing around the court carrying myriad flags that spell out "Indiana Hoosiers." Indiana Assistant Director for Facilities, Chuck Crabb, said the tradition began in about 1979 or 1980. Sportscaster Billy Packer called it "the greatest college timeout in the country." In 1971, Indiana Farm Bureau Insurance became the sole sponsor of Indiana and Purdue games on WTTV.
During the mid-1970s, the State Farm Indiana Legends ads included a lady named "Martha" sweeping the floors of Assembly Hall while whistling and singing the school's fight song, "Indiana, Our Indiana." It ran as the introduction to Indiana basketball broadcasts for 30 years. Upon Indiana's firing of Bob Knight, Farm Bureau pulled the ad. In 2009 new coach Tom Crean resurrected the tradition and had "Martha" appear at the "Midnight Madness" festivities to begin the season; because the actress who had appeared in the original ads was unavailable, singer Sheila Stephen stepped in as the new Martha. Starting with the 2010–11 season, video of the original ad was shown at home games after the National Anthem and right before tip off. In recent years, the ad has been shown. Indiana fielded its first men's basketball team in the 1900–01 season, posting a 1–4 ledger under coach James H. Horne. In their first game the Hoosiers traveled to Indianapolis and lost to Butler 17–20. Indiana's first victory was a 26–17 win over Wabash College that same year.
In 1917 the Hoosiers began playing their games at the Men's Gymnasium. After the first few games there, spectators complained that they couldn't see the game because of opaque wooden backboards. Therefore, new backboards were installed that contained one-and-a-half inch thick plate glass allowing fans to see games without an obstructed view; as a result, it was the first facility in the country to use glass b