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O'Brien dynasty

The O'Brien dynasty is a royal and noble house founded in the 10th century by Brian Boru of the Dál gCais or Dalcassians. After becoming King of Munster, through conquest he established himself as Ard Rí na hÉireann. Brian's descendants thus carried the name Ó Briain, continuing to rule the Kingdom of Munster until the 12th century where their territory had shrunk to the Kingdom of Thomond which they would hold for just under five centuries. In total, four Ó Briains ruled in Munster, two held the High Kingship of Ireland. After the partition of Munster into Thomond and the MacCarthy Kingdom of Desmond by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair in the 12th century, the dynasty would go on to provide around thirty monarchs of Thomond until 1542. During part of this period in the late 13th century they had a rivalry with the Norman de Clare house, disputing the throne of Thomond; the last Ó Briain to reign in Thomond was Murrough Ó Briain who surrendered his sovereignty to the new Kingdom of Ireland under Henry VIII of the House of Tudor, becoming instead Earl of Thomond and maintaining a role in governance.

Today the head carries the title of Prince of Thomond, depending on succession sometimes Baron Inchiquin. Throughout the time that the Ó Briains ruled in medieval Ireland, the system of tanistry was used to decide succession, rather than primogeniture used by much of feudal Europe; the system in effect was a dynastic monarchy but family-elected and aristocratic, in the sense that the royal family chose the most suitable male candidate from close paternal relations—roydammna rather than the crown automatically passing to the eldest son. This sometimes led to in-family warring. Since 1542, the head of the Ó Briain house adopted primogeniture to decide succession of noble titles instead; the Ó Brian emerged as chiefs of the Dál gCais tribe from the south-west of Ireland — a cohesive set of septs, related by blood, all claiming descent in tradition from a common ancestor of Cas, sixth in descent from Cormac Cas. In the Annals of the Four Masters, the father of Cormac Cas was said to be Oilioll Olum, according to tradition King of Munster and King of Leinster in the 3rd century.

Such a connection would have meant that the tribe held kinship with the Eoghanachta who had dominated Munster since the earliest times. While founder mythologies were common in antiquity and the medieval world, such a connection is regarded as fanciful and politically motivated in the context of the rise to prominence of the Dalcassians. Instead, academic histories accept the Dalcassians as being the Déisi Tuaisceart, after adopting a new name — first recorded under their newly adopted name under the year 934 in the Annals of Inisfallen; the Déisi, a people whose name means vassals, were located where today is Waterford, south Tipperary and Limerick. During the 8th century, the latter was further divided into the Déisi Deiscirt and the Déisi Tuaisceart who would become the Dalcassians. Prehistoric ancestors of the Déisi Tuisceart and Dál gCais may have been a once prominent Érainn people called the Mairtine, it was during this century that the tribe annexed to Munster the area today known as Clare and made it their home.

Taken from the weakened Uí Fiachrach Aidhne it had been part of Connacht but was renamed Thomond. After gaining influence over other tribes in the area such as the Corcu Mruad and Corcu Baiscinn, the Dalcassians were able to crown Cennétig mac Lorcáin as King of Thomond, he died in 951, his son Mathgamain mac Cennétig was to expand their territory further according to the Annals of Ulster. Mathgamain along with his younger brother Brian Boru began military campaigns such as the Battle of Sulcoit, against the Norse Vikings of the settlement Limerick, ruled by Ivar; the Dalcassians were successful, plundering spoils of jewels and silver, finding "soft, bright girls, booming silk-clad women and active well-formed boys". The males fit for war were executed at Saingel. Through much of his reign Mathgamain was competing with his Eoghanachta rival Máel Muad mac Brain. Mathgamain was only defeated in the end by a piece of treachery; the crown of Munster was back in the hands of the Eoghanachta for two years until Brian Boru had avenged his brother, with the defeat and slaying of Máel Muad in the Battle of Belach Lechta.

The following year Brian came to blows with the Norsemen of Limerick at Scattery Island where a monastery was located. Whilst all parties were Christians, when their king Ivar and his sons took refuge in the monastery, Brian desecrated it and killed them in the sanctuary. Following this the Dalcassians came into conflict with those responsible for the death of Mathgamain, the Eoghanachta represented by Donovan and Molloy. A message was sent to Molloy.

Postojna Gate

The Postojna Gate, less the Postojna Gap, named after the local town of Postojna, is a major mountain pass of the Dinaric Alps. It lies in southwestern Slovenia, between the Hrušica Plateau to the north and the Javornik Hills to the south, at an elevation of 610 metres, it formed due to tectonic subsidence and fluvial erosion by the Pivka River, which in the Pliocene flew superficially in this section. The terrain is karstified; this wide pass enables for the easiest passage from northearn Italy and northwestern Adriatic Sea to the Pannonian Plain, had a important strategic role in the past. Today, the Slovenian A1 freeway traverse it; the gate was used by a section of the Amber Road. It has been proposed that the voyage of the Argonauts is based on the possibility to travel the Danube, the Sava, the Ljubljanica rivers upstream, cross the Postojna Gate, come to the Adriatic Sea downstream on the western side, it was the central part of the ancient Illyro-Italic Gate between the southeastern Alps and the Kvarner Gulf, connecting northern Italy to the west and the Pannonian Plain to the east.

The Romans were well aware that their core territory was threatened by easy access through the Postojna Gate and they created a network of strategic roads and walls, the Claustra Alpium Iuliarum, to stop possible invaders. At the center of these fortifications was the fortress of Castra ad Fluvium Frigidum in the Vipava Valley controlling the Roman road between Aquileia and Emona; the Illyro-Italic Gate was nonetheless crossed by the Alemanni, the Goths, the Huns. By about 600, Slavs crossed the gate to enter the Istrian peninsula. In the Middle Ages several castles were built in vicinity, including Predjama Castle, Prem Castle, Sovič Castle. In modern times, the gap was crossed by the Austrian Southern Railway, the railway, built between 1839 and 1857 to connect Vienna via Ljubljana to Trieste. Ljubljana Gap

Chaos (2005 Dominion film)

Chaos is a 2005 American horror film about the rape and murder of two adolescent girls. It is an unofficial remake of Wes Craven's The Last House on the Left, with all character names changed and a different ending, it was written and directed by David DeFalco. The film received widespread negative reviews. While living at her parents' mountain home, Emily is visited by her friend Angelica, who invites her to a rave party in the woods, her interracial parents and Justine, let her attend, under the condition that she must return by midnight and call if she's going to be late. Arriving early at the party, Angelica attempts to acquire ecstasy and suspects an attendee named Swan is carrying the drug; when asked about it, Swan informs the two girls that he doesn't have any ecstasy on him, but he has it in a nearby cabin, where his friends live. He invites Angelica to come to the cabin with him and meet his friends. Unknown to the girls, Swan's friends are his father Chaos, a notorious and wanted criminal, his father's gang, which consists of Chaos's girlfriend Daisy and felon Frankie.

Chaos had sent his son to the party in order to lure unsuspecting women. Upon their arrival at the cabin and Angelica are captured by the gang and taken to an abandoned part of the woods; the girls manage to escape from their captors and split up in an attempt to make it harder for Chaos and his gang to find them. Angelica is caught by Daisy and brought before Chaos, who cuts off one of her nipples and force-feeds it to her, making her vomit, before he stabs her to death, proceeds to violate her corpse. Chaos and his group continue their pursuit of Emily as the sun sets, they re-encounter her, but Emily manages to steal Daisy's knife in a struggle and stabs Swan in the genitals. Knowing his wound is fatal, Chaos promises to murder Emily. Meanwhile, Justine becomes nervous about Emily's whereabouts when she doesn't answer her phone and convinces Leo to call the police. However, Justine suspects that MacDunner, the investigating officer, won't attempt to find her because he's a racist who can contain his contempt for them.

Justine and Leo head into the woods to search for Emily by themselves. While searching for Emily, the couple find Angelica's corpse. Chaos and Frankie recapture Emily and bind her with rope. In retaliation for his son's death, Chaos uses his knife to slash Emily between her anus and genitals, watching as she bleeds to death and lamenting that he left her in no condition to be raped like he did Angelica. With both girls dead, the gang prepares to leave the area. Knowing that they'll be caught if they stay in the woods and his gang leave the vehicle and look for a car to steal, their van is found by MacDunner and his partner Wilson, who discover blood-stained clothes. The gang decides to go to a nearby house, with the intent of stealing the owner's car, unaware that they have arrived at Emily's home. Leo lets Chaos and his group notices that Daisy is wearing Emily's belt. Suspecting the group of being involved with Emily's disappearance, Leo calls the police, while Chaos and Frankie prepare to hot-wire his car and kill the couple.

Chaos is confronted by a shotgun-wielding Leo, determined to find out. When Frankie arrives with a captured Justine, Chaos takes the shotgun. Instead of shooting Leo and Justine, Chaos shoots Daisy when she tries to persuade him to leave the house. In the ensuing confusion, the couple escape. Leo emerges with a chainsaw and slashes Frankie across the stomach attacks Chaos. In the ensuing struggle, Leo prepares to kill him. Before he can, MacDunner arrives and orders Leo to drop his weapon; when Leo hesitates, MacDunner fatally shoots him. Justine retaliates by shooting MacDunner in the back. Wilson disarms Justine, at which point he is shot by Chaos, who shoots Justine. Chaos's laughter is heard over the closing credits. Kevin Gage as Chaos Stephen Wozniak as Frankie Kelly K. C. Quann as Daisy Maya Barovich as Angelica Chantal Degroat as Emily Sage Stallone as Swan Deborah Lacey as Justine Scott Richards as Leo Ken Medlock as Officer MacDunner Jeb Barrows as Officer Wilson Chaos earned a 6% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on reviews from 17 critics.

The film's Metacritic rating is 1 out of 100 based on reviews from 8 critics, meaning “overwhelming dislike” making it one of the worst reviewed films on their site. Joshua Land of The Village Voice wrote, "The reference point is Wes Craven's Last House on the Left, but Chaos lacks the audience-implicating boldness or howling political outrage of that landmark. Chaos received some publicity from the filmmaker's response. Ebert wrote in his initial review that "Chaos is ugly and cruel – a film I regret having seen. I urge you to avoid it. Don't make the mistake of thinking it's'only' a horror film, or a slasher film, it is an exercise in heartless cruelty and it ends with careless brutality."DeFalco responded with a full page letter in the Chicago Sun-Times, saying in part, "Mr. Ebert, how do you want 21st century evil to be portrayed in film and in the medi

Jay O. Glerum

Jay O. Glerum was an American theatre consultant and author, best known for his book, Stage Rigging Handbook, Jay O. Glerum was recognized in the technical theatre circles as the author of the Stage Rigging Handbook, referred to by many stagehands as the bible of the industry. Published by Southern Illinois University Press and continually in print since 1987, the book has been revised each decade to stay current with the changing field of technical theatre; as president and founder of Jay O. Glerum & Associates, Inc. Glerum was an independent consultant to a wide band of entertainment venues in the United States, Canada and Asia—from amusement parks and performance halls to historic theaters and arenas, he worked with architects and engineers on renovations and new theater buildings and inspected rigging-systems for hundreds of venues. Alone or working with other rigging specialists he taught safe rigging master classes to thousands—both academics and professional stagehands—in Europe and North America.

Glerum's work as an educator and advocate of standardized techniques for stage rigging led him to be considered at the forefront of improved safety for theatrical riggers and stagehands. His passionate dedication to backstage safety was influential in the establishment of the current formalized safety standards for stage rigging. Born Jay Otis Glerum, Jr. on August 16, 1939, in Washington D. C. he lived with his parents and Jay Otis Glerum, Sr. in Evanston and Marinette, Wisconsin for the first nine years of his life. The family moved to the Washington D. C. area, where he graduated from Wheaton High School in 1957. In high school, Glerum became a student of technical theatre and was hired upon graduation as a theatre technician for the summer season at Olney Theatre in Olney, Maryland, he subsequently was hired as the lighting and sound guy for the Catholic University National Players 1957-58 Tour. As the youngest person hired at that time by what was known as “The Players,” Glerum toured Germany and Italy, entertaining U.

S. military troops with Romeo and Juliet and The Taming of the Shrew. That same season, he toured thirty-six U. S. states with them. Not only did Glerum set up sound and lights for each venue, he drove the truck hauling scenery and costumes and played small parts in both plays. After completing two years in pre-engineering at Montgomery Junior College in 1960, he worked as a U. S. postal carrier while serving as the technical director at Marjorie Webster Junior College in and Dunbarton College of the Holy Cross, both in Washington D. C, he transferred to the University of Washington in 1961 where he earned his B. A. and M. A. from the School of Drama. He met Sara "Sallie" Johnsone, at the University of Washington, they married in September 1962 in Washington. Together they raised four children; the family moved to Wauwatosa, where they lived from 1972 until 1986, at which time Glerum and his wife returned to the Seattle area where they lived until his death in 2014. Glerum was hired as an assistant professor in Seattle University's Drama Department in the School of Arts and Sciences in 1965 after serving as its part-time stage carpenter and designer for two years, during which he worked full-time at the USPS.

As the sole earner for his growing family, he moonlighted during the mid-1960s and early 1970s with the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees union Local 15 in Seattle as a part-time extra. During academic breaks, he worked for the Seattle Repertory Theatre as a stage carpenter and served as the technical director for Seattle's A Contemporary Theatre for its 1970 summer season, he accepted a faculty position at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1972 where he was an assistant professor and technical director for the Drama Department of Marquette's School of Speech. In that capacity he oversaw technical requirements of the soon-to-be-built Evan P. and Marion Helfaer Theatre, consulting on both front-of-house and backstage design for the teaching and performance spaces. Determined to continue interacting and working with tech-theatre professionals in order to provide students with accurate, up-to-date curricula, he worked as part-time extra for IATSE Local 18 in Milwaukee.

In 1980 Glerum joined Peter Albrecht Company, Inc. a Milwaukee company known for its design and manufacture of custom stage rigging systems where he was a project manager and stage system designer. In that capacity, he designed technical systems for venues in the U. S. South America, Asia, working with architects and engineers, it was during this period that he began writing Stage Rigging Handbook, having witnessed first-hand for more than two decades what he considered a universal need for stage-rigging safety protocol. In 1986 he joined the University of Washington faculty as a lecturer and head of its graduate Technical Theatre program, he and his wife returned to the Seattle area. Soon after the release of Stage Rigging Handbook in April 1987, he founded his company, Jay O. Glerum, Inc. on July 15, 1987, to sort out the increasing demands for his services as a consultant. On April 4, 1990, he amended the company's name to Jay O. Glerum & Associates, Inc. to better represent collaborations done when he contracted with other specialists in the entertainment industry.

He remained the company's only employee, for the duration of its existence. While Glerum was at the University of Washington, campus development and strategic placement of new buildings meant the removal of its small arena theater, the Penthouse, built in 1939 by the WPA and the first theater-in-the-round in America; the idea for theatre i

Rio Communities, New Mexico

Rio Communities is a city in Valencia County, New Mexico, United States. Prior to its incorporation on May 16, 2013, it was a census-designated place; the CDP population was 4,723 as of the 2010 census. Rio Communities is located at 34°38′31″N 106°43′37″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 4,723 people, 1,996 households, 1,318 families residing in the CDP. There were 2,221 housing units; the racial makeup of the CDP was 83.4% White, 2.3% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 9.1% from other races, 3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46.2% of the population. There were 1,996 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 34% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.9. In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 20, 4.6% from 20 to 24, 18.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.6 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $33,125, the median income for a family was $39,205. Males had a median income of $29,755 versus $26,985 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $18,260. About 5.3% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over. Businesses in Rio Communities include Allsup's and Al's Mini Mart; the City Government is elected for four year terms with the Mayor, two Councilors, the Municipal Judge off cycle by two years from the remaining two Councilors. The last Mayoral election was held in March 2018. City Hall is located at 360 Rio Communities Blvd and the principle contact number is 505-861-6803.

The City Council meets twice monthly on the 2nd and 4th Tuesday of each month at 6:00pm at City Hall. City of Rio Communities Belen Consolidated Schools Valencia County News-Bulletin University of New Mexico Valencia Campus

World Premiere (horse)

World Premiere is a Japanese Thoroughbred racehorse. As a juvenile in 2018 he showed promise by winning his first race and running third in the Kyoto Nisai Stakes. In the following year he won on his seasonal debut and finished second on his next appearance before being sidelined by injury, he returned in the autumn to run second in the Kobe Shimbun Hai before winning the Kikuka Sho. World Premiere is a dark bay or brown colt bred in Hokkaido by Northern Farm; as a foal in 2016 he was consigned to the JRA Select Sale and was bought for ¥259.2 million by Ryoichi Otsuka. The colt was sent into training with Yasuo Tomomichi, he was from the ninth crop of foals sired by Deep Impact, the Japanese Horse of the Year in 2005 and 2006, winning races including the Tokyo Yushun, Tenno Sho, Arima Kinen and Japan Cup. Deep Impact's other progeny include Gentildonna, Harp Star, Kizuna, A Shin Hikari and Saxon Warrior. World Premiere's dam Mandela showed considerable racing ability, winning the Diana-Trial and finishing third in both the Preis der Diana and the Prix de Pomone, was exported to Japan after being sold for $1.4 million at Keeneland in 2007.

Her other foals have included World Ace, who won the Yomiuri Milers Cup. As a daughter of the broodmare Mandellicht she was a half-sister to Manduro. World Premiere made his debut on 21 October in a contest for unraced juveniles over 1800 metres at Kyoto Racecourse and won from Meisho Tengen. On 24 November the colt was stepped up in class for the Grade 3 Kyoto Nisai Stakes over 2000 metres at the same track and started at odds of 2.4/1 in an eight-runner field. He was restrained towards the rear of the field before making progress in the straight and came home third behind Courageux Guerrier and Breaking Dawn, beaten four lengths by the winner. In the official ratings for Japanese two-year-olds World Premiere was awarded a mark of 102, fourteen pounds behind the top-rated Admire Mars. World Premiere made a successful start to his second season when he defeated Unicorn Lion and six others in the Tsubaki Sho over 1800 metres at Kyoto on 16 February. At Hanshin Racecourse a month he ran second to Velox in the Listed Wakaba Stakes over 2000 metres.

The performance qualified him to run in the Satsuki Sho but a "bucked shin" kept him off the track until the autumn. After a break of more than six months World Premiere returned in the Grade 2 Kobe Shimbun Hai over 2400 metres at Hanshin on 22 September. Ridden as in all his previous starts by Yutaka Take he started at odds of 12.2/1 and finished third behind Saturnalia and Velox. After the race Yasuo Tomomichi commented "He sweated up a bit in the paddock last time and wasn't so relaxed, but in the race itself he ran well, finishing so I was pleased with that". On 20 October World Premiere, with Take in the saddle, was one of eighteen three-year-olds to contest the 80th running of the Kikuka Sho over 3000 metres at Kyoto Racecourse, he was made the 5.5/1 third choice in the betting behind Velox and Nishino Daisy while the other contenders included Red Genial, Unicorn Lion and Meisho Tengen. World Premiere started but was restrained by Take and settled behind the leaders on the rails as the outsider Caudillo set a steady pace.

Take made a forward move entering the straight and World Premiere gained the advantage 200 metres out before holding off the late challenge of Satono Lux by a neck with Velox a length away in third place. Take was in hand nicely during the race, he wasn’t able to run in the first two of the Triple Crown races so I am glad that he was able to claim the last one. He’s still got a lot to improve so I’m looking forward to his future races." Tomomichi added "He's recovered over the summer from his spring campaign of races, it's good he's had the one recent run to sharpen him up. While he can misbehave a little, he seems to have improved on this front, in some ways, I think this is good for him". For his final run of the year World Premiere was matched against older horses in the Arima Kinen over 2500 metres at Nakayama Racecourse on 22 December, he raced towards the rear of the field before staying on in the straight to take third place behind Lys Gracieux and Saturnalia. In January 2020, at the JRA Awards for 2019, World Premiere finished fifth in the poll to determine the Best Three-Year-Old Colt