Croatia in the Eurovision Song Contest
Croatia has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 24 times since making its debut at the 1993 contest. Between 1993 and 2011, the Croatian entrant was selected at the Dora pop festival, an event organised by the national public broadcaster Croatian Radiotelevision. Croatia's best result in the contest is fourth-place finishes in 1996 and 1999. Croatia first reached the top ten in 1995, when Lidija Horvat-Dunjko finished sixth; this would be the first of six top ten results in seven years. Maja Blagdan was fourth in 1996, Danijela Martinović was fifth in 1998, Doris Dragović was fourth in 1999, Goran Karan was ninth in 2000, Vanna was tenth in 2001. Since Croatia has failed to reach the top ten. Since the introduction of the semi-final round in 2004, Croatia has failed to reach the final on six occasions, including four years in succession from 2010 to 2013. Croatia withdrew from the contest in 2014 and 2015, but returned in 2016, when they qualified for the first time since 2009. Ten representatives of Yugoslavia came from Croatia: in 1963, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1990.
Apart from being the most successful Yugoslav republic in the contest, it gave the socialist republic its only win, "Rock Me", sung by Riva in 1989, held in Lausanne. The Eurovision Song Contest 1990 was held in Zagreb as a result. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1991, the Croatian national public broadcaster Croatian Radiotelevision had organised a festival to select a Croatian representative for the 1992 Contest. If HRT had been a member of the EBU in time for the contest, the first Croatian entry at Eurovision would have been the band Magazin with "Aleluja". Croatia's first entry as an independent state was in 1993 with the band Put, performing "Don't Ever Cry" which was, despite the English title partially performed in Croatian; the song came third in the "Qualification for Millstreet", which allowed their participation in the 1993 contest. Croatia's best position, as of 2018, has been with Maja Blagdan's 1996 entry "Sveta ljubav" and Doris Dragović's 1999 entry "Marija Magdalena".
Along with Malta and Portugal, Croatia was never relegated in the 1990s, unlike Cyprus and Portugal, it was never relegated in the beginning of the 21st century. Croatian broadcaster Croatian Radiotelevision announced on 19 September 2013 that they were withdrawing from the 2014 contest, citing the financial difficulties, as well as a string of poor results between 2010 and 2013 influencing their decision to take a year's break; the last time Croatia qualified for the grand final was in 2009. It was further revealed that Croatia would not return to the contest in 2015, but there were plans to return to the contest in 2016, with the entry being the winner of the first season of the Croatian version of The Voice. However, on 5 May 2015, HRT announced, it was the first time since 1992 for HRT to not broadcast the contest. On 26 November 2015, it was announced that Croatia would return to the contest in 2016. Nina Kraljić with the song "Lighthouse" qualified to the final, making it that Croatia qualified for the first time since 2009.
After the successful return in 2016, Croatian national broadcaster Croatian Radiotelevision confirmed on 17 September 2016 that they would participate in 2017. Jacques Houdek, the coach of Nina Kraljić in The Voice - Najljepši glas Hrvatske, was internally selected to represent the country on 17 February 2017 five months after they confirmed the participation. On 30 October 2018, it has been announced by HRT that the national selection, will return in 2019. and again it will be an event held in Opatija, a famous summer resort. It will be held over three nights in which the first two nights will serve as a best of Dora nights and the final evening will determine the Croatian representative for Eurovision Song Contest 2019. Yugoslavian entries in 1963, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1990 are Croatian entries that competed for Yugoslavia. Table key NOTES: 1. ^ Spain gave its 12 points to Israel and 10 to Norway. After the broadcast it was announced that Spanish broadcaster wrongly tallied the votes and Germany should have got the top mark - 12 points - instead of being snubbed, as it happened.
The mistake was corrected and so Germany was placed 7th over Norway. Israel and Norway both received 2 points less than and Croatia, Portugal, United Kingdom, Belgium and Turkey all received one point less than indicated during the broadcast. 2. ^ In 2009, Croatia qualified through the back-up jury selection. 3. If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. In addition from 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. If, for example and France placed inside the top ten, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries; as of 2018, Croatia's voting history is as follows: From 1961 until 1991 Croatia competed as part of YugoslaviaNOTE: In 2014, HRT screened only the grand final. The semi-finals were not screened. All conductors are Croatian except with a flag. Andrej Baša Miljenko Prohaska Stipica Kalogjera Alan Bjelinski Prior to 1999, the Croatian entry was performed without orchestral accompaniment in 1997.
Croatia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest "Dora" - Croatian ESC Pre-selection Points to and from Croatia eurovisioncovers.co.uk Povijest Dore (in Croa
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Bulgaria in the Eurovision Song Contest
Bulgaria has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 12 times since making its debut at the 2005 contest in Kiev. The country's best result is a second-place finish for Kristian Kostov and the song "Beautiful Mess" at the 2017 contest. Bulgaria has failed to qualify for the final in eight out of twelve appearances at the contest, most narrowly in 2012, when Sofi Marinova lost out on the 10th qualifying place from the second semi-final in a tie-break with Norway. However, on three of the four occasions that they have reached the final, they have finished in the top five: placing fifth with Elitsa & Stoyan in 2007, fourth with Poli Genova in 2016 and second with Kristian Kostov in 2017. Bulgaria reached the final with supergroup Equinox placing 14th. Bulgaria first competed at the Eurovision Song Contest in 2005, represented by the jazz-inspired band Kaffe with their song "Lorraine". Receiving only 49 points, they failed to qualify to the final, they were succeeded by Mariana Popova with "Let Me Cry", however she failed to qualify for the final, coming 17th with 36 points in the semi-final.
Bulgaria's first qualification for the final came in 2007 when Elitsa Todorova & Stoyan Yankoulov performed the song "Water". This was the first Bulgarian language song to compete in the contest, placing 6th in the semi-final with 146 points. Todorova and Yankulov repeated their song in the final and received 157 points, placing 5th in a field of 24. In previous years, if a country placed in the top 10 countries in the final they automatically qualified to the final of the next contest. Had this rule remained for the 2008 contest, Bulgaria would have directly qualified for the final. However, a change in rules due to the large intake of countries participating in the contest meant that only five countries, the host country and the Big 4 countries, would automatically qualify to the final; as such, Bulgaria were forced to compete in one of the two semi-finals of the 2008 contest in Serbia. At the 2008 contest, Bulgaria were represented by Deep Zone & Balthazar with the song "DJ, Take Me Away".
They, could not repeat Todorova and Yankulov's result and received only 56 points, placing 11th of 19 competing. Bulgaria competed in the 2009 contest in Russia. Bulgaria was the first country to begin their selection for the fifth Bulgarian entry to Eurovision, with'Be A Star', the national final, beginning in October 2008; the winner was Krassimir Avramov with his "Popera" song Illusion. It failed to qualify for the final in Moscow coming 16th out of 18 participants in the first semifinal. In October 2009, BNT announced that Miroslav Kostadinov would represent Bulgaria at the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 in Oslo, Norway, he sang the song "Angel si ti". It was the first song since 2007 to be sung in Bulgarian. However, for the third consecutive year, Bulgaria's entry failed to qualify for the final, coming 15th out of 17 participants in the semifinal. In 2011, Bulgaria was represented by Poli Genova, the country's entry was sung in Bulgarian for the third consecutive year, her song was called "Na Inat", translated as "For Spite", missed out on a place for the final after coming 12th in the second semi-final, making 2011 the fourth year in a row that Bulgaria didn't reach the final.
In that year she competed with 18 more singers in the final of "EuroBGvision". This was her fourth time; the singer Sofi Marinova represented Bulgaria in the 2012 Eurovision contest in Baku with a song called Love Unlimited. Her song was in Bulgarian but it contains the phrase'I Love You' in 12 other languages including Turkish, Spanish and Serbian and others. Bulgaria's entry tied with Norway for 10th place in its semifinal. In 2013, Elitsa Todorova and Stoyan Yankoulov were chosen through an internal selection to represent Bulgaria for a second time, this time in Malmö, their song, Samo shampioni, placed sixth in the second semifinal's televoting results, but 17th place in the jury's results. The duo placed twelfth, with 45 points. On 22 November 2013, Bulgaria announced that they would not be participating in the Eurovision Song Contest 2014 due to financial problems. On 15 September 2014, it was announced that Bulgaria had submitted a preliminary application to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015, but one month it was announced that they would not be returning to the contest.
On 31 October 2014, it was announced that Bulgaria's participation was still undecided due to the political situation of the country. The EBU awaited a final decision. On 18 December 2014, BNT confirmed via their official Eurovision Twitter account that they would not take part in the 2015 Contest. On 15 September 2015, it was announced that BNT sent a preliminary application in order to compete in the 2016 contest, the effective participation was further confirmed on 26 November 2015, thus marking the return of the country. Poli Genova represented Bulgaria for the second time Poli performed twelfth at the second semi-final on 12 May 2016, qualified for the final by finishing in 5th place on 220 points. In the final on 14 May 2016, she performed eighth and placed 4th of 26 with 307 points. In 2017, Kristian Kostov represented Bulgaria with the song "B
Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest
Italy has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 44 times since making its debut at the first contest in 1956. It was one of only seven countries that competed at the first contest. Italy competed at the contest until 1997. After a 14-year absence, the country returned to the contest in 2011. Italy has won the contest twice. In 1958, Domenico Modugno finished third with the song "Nel blu, dipinto di blu". Renamed "Volare", the song became a huge international hit. Emilio Pericoli finished third in 1963, before Italy won for the first time in 1964 with Gigliola Cinquetti and "Non ho l'età". Cinquetti returned to the contest in 1974 and finished second with the song "Si", losing to ABBA. Italy finished third in 1975 with Wess and Dori Ghezzi and the song "Era"; the country's best result of the 1980s was Umberto Tozzi and Raf finishing third in 1987. Italy's second victory in the contest came in 1990 with Toto Cutugno and the song "Insieme: 1992". Other good 1990s results were Jalisse in 1997, who both finished fourth.
After 1997, Italy withdrew from the competition. On 31 December 2010, the EBU announced that Italy would be returning to the contest as part of the "Big Five", meaning that it automatically qualified for the final. Italy's return to the contest has proved to be successful, finishing in the top ten in six of the last eight contests, including Raphael Gualazzi finishing second in 2011 and Il Volo finishing third in 2015. Il Volo won the televoting, receiving votes from all countries. Since the introduction of the 50/50 voting system in 2009, this was the first time that the winner of the viewers vote did not win the contest. Italy has withdrawn from the Eurovision Song Contest a number of times; the first withdrawal was in 1981. This absence continued through the following year, before Italy returned in 1983. Italy again withdrew in 1986. From 1994 to 1996 Italy withdrew again, with RAI citing a lack of interest in participating. Italy returned in 1997, before withdrawing again without explanation, the country did not participate again until 2011.
None of the Eurovision winning songs were successful in the Italian charts. "Non ho l'eta" by Gigliola Cinquetti was a hit in February 1964 when the song won the Sanremo festival, but according to the official "Hit Parade Italia" website, "Waterloo", "Ding-A-Dong", "Puppet on a String", "Save Your Kisses for Me" and Italy's own winning entry of 1990, "Insieme: 1992", all failed to enter the top ten of the records sales charts. A notable exception to this rule was, the 1984 entry "I treni di Tozeur" by Alice and Franco Battiato which shared 5th position in the final but still became a #3 hit in Italy and was placed at #20 on the chart of the best-selling singles in Italy of 1984. Italy refused to broadcast the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 on RAI because of a song sung by Gigliola Cinquetti which coincided with the intense political campaigning for the 1974 Italian referendum on divorce, held a month in May. Despite the Eurovision contest's taking place more than a month before the planned vote, Italian censors refused to allow the contest and song to be shown or heard.
RAI censors felt that the song, titled "Sì", which contained lyrics repeating the aforementioned word could be accused of being subliminal messaging and a form of propaganda to influence the Italian voting public to vote'yes' in the referendum. The song thus remained censored on most Italian state radio stations for over a month. At the contest in Brighton, Cinquetti finished second, losing to ABBA. "Sì" went on to be a UK top ten hit, peaking at number eight. It reached the German top 20. However, in 2008 two noted Italian musicians, Vince Tempera and Eurovision winner Toto Cutugno expressed their sorrow at Italy's non-participation and called for the country to return to the contest. Contestants from the 2008 contest, starting with the winner Dima Bilan appeared on the Italian show Carramba! Che fortuna, hosted by Raffaella Carrà on Rai Uno. Whether this was an initiative by Carrà to try to bring Eurovision back to Italy is not clear, but Sietse Bakker, Manager Communications & PR of the Eurovision Song Contest, reiterated that "Italy is still much welcome to take part in the competition."Shortly after revealing the list of participants for the 2009 Contest the EBU announced that, for the 2010 Contest, they would work harder to bring Italy back into the contest, along with former participants Monaco and Austria.
At a press conference presenting the fourth edition of the Italian X Factor, Rai 2 director Massimo Liofredi announced that the winner of the competition might advance to represent Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest, rather than participate in the Sanremo Festival, as in previous years. On 2 December 2010, it was announced by the Eurovision Song Contest official website that Italy had applied to compete in the 2011 Contest, their participation was further confirmed on 31 December with the announcement of the official participant list. Italy's return to the contest after a 14-year absence has been successful, finishing in the top ten in six of the last eight contests. In 2011, Raphael Gualazzi finished second, Italy's best result since 1990. Italy came first with the jury vote, but only 11th in the televote to place second overall behind winners Azerbaijan. Nina Zilli in 2012 and Marco Meng
Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest
Austria has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 51 times since its debut in 1957. The country has won twice, in 1966 and 2014, holds the record for the longest gap between wins, with 48 years between victories; the contest is broadcast in Austria by ORF. Vienna was the host city on both of the occasions that the contest was held in Austria, in 1967 and 2015. Having finished sixth at the 1964 contest and fourth in 1965, Udo Jurgens won at his third attempt in 1966 with the song "Merci Chérie"; this was Austria's only top three result of the 20th century. Austria won again in 2014, with Conchita Wurst and "Rise Like a Phoenix". Austria has finished last in the contest final seven times and finished last in the semifinal in 2012. Cesár Sampson achieved Austria's eighth top five result and second-best result of the 21st century at the 2018 contest, finishing third with the song "Nobody But You". Austria finished last at its first attempt in the contest in 1957, before Liane Augustin gave the country the first of its eight top five results in 1958, with fifth.
Having finished sixth in 1964 and fourth in 1965, Udo Jürgens won the contest at his third attempt in 1966. This would be Austria's only top three result of 20th century; the country's best result over the next 46 years would be fifth place, which it achieved with Milestones in 1972, Waterloo & Robinson in 1976 and Thomas Forstner in 1989. Austria has finished last in the final a total of seven times, in 1957, 1961, 1962, 1979, 1984, 1988, 1991; the country finished last in the semi-final in 2012. Austria's best result of the 1990s was four tenth-place finishes, in 1990, 1992, 1996 and 1999. Austria's best result of the 2000s was Alf Poier's sixth-place in 2003, Austria's best placement since 1989. After a three-year absence, ORF announced on 28 July 2010 that Austria would return to the contest in 2011, where the country reached the final for the first time since 2004, finishing 18th. Austria achieved its second victory in the contest at the 2014 contest, with Conchita Wurst winning with 290 points.
In a complete reversal of fortunes in 2015, following a tie-break rule Austria was placed 26th and scored nul points along with Germany, they became the first countries since the United Kingdom in 2003 to score nul points at the final. Because of this, Austria became the first host country to receive nul points. Austria has qualified for the final every year since, finishing 13th in 2016 and 16th in 2017. Austria's third Top 3 result came in 2018, with "Nobody but You" by Cesár Sampson finishing third in Lisbon, the country's third-best result in the history of the contest. Austria has opted out of participation in several Contests; the first of these was the 1969 Contest, staged in Madrid. As Spain was ruled at that time by Francisco Franco, Austria chose to boycott the Contest. Contest historian John Kennedy O'Connor points out, that Austria had given Spain two points in the previous event and since Spain only won by one point, the political protest was disingenuous; the following year, Austria was again absent.
This was due to the unprecedented result in 1969 in which four songs tied for first place, a result which prompted several other countries to opt out as well. From 1973 to 1975, Austria stayed away as well; the exact reason for this is unclear, however the scoring system in use at one of these Contests - allowing all entrants a guaranteed number of points - may have been a factor. The country was ineligible to compete in 1998 and 2001, as it had not achieved sufficiently high placings in the five previous years. Prior to the 2006 contest, Austria announced that they would not enter a performer in protest at their poor results in previous years, arguing that the musical talent of the performers was no longer the determining factor in Contest success, they came second to last in the semi-final. National broadcaster ORF cited the 2007 result, as well as declining interest in the Contest among Austrian viewers, as the reason Austria would not return to the contest in 2008. ORF programme director Wolfgang Lorenz hinted that Austria may withdraw from the contest indefinitely, stating "ORF has no desire to send more talent out of Austria to a competition where they have no chances...
Should the situation change, we'll be happy to take part again". Despite withdrawing, the final of the 2008 contest was screened on ORF. In 2008, the EBU introduced two semi-finals to the contest, hoping that spreading countries out by random draw would prevent the kind of bloc voting that had warded Austria off. Additionally, they reintroduced juries to determine 50% of each country's result in 2009. However, Edgar Böhm, director of entertainment for ORF, said that the semi-final format "still incorporates a mix of countries who will be politically favoured in the voting process" and "that, unless a clear guideline as to how the semifinals are organised is made by the EBU, Austria will not be taking part in Moscow 2009". ORF decided not to participate in the 2009 contest, but did broadcast the final as in 2008; the EBU announced that they would work harder to bring Austria back to the contest in 2010, along with former participants Monaco and Italy. It was, confirmed that Austria would not participate in the 2010 Contest in Bærum.
In July 2010, the chairman of ORF, Alexander Wrabetz, stated that Austria would return for the 2011 contest, due to it being held in its neighbour Germany. In 2011, Austria reached the final for the first time since 2004. Table key NOTES: 1. ^ Specifically Styrian, a Southern Bavarian dialect spoken in Styria. 2. ^ Specifically Mühlviertler
Cyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest
Cyprus has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 35 times since making its debut in 1981. Cyprus' first entry was the group Island; the country's best result in the contest is a second-place finish with Eleni Foureira in 2018. Since 2004, Cyprus failed to qualify from the semi-final round for six out of eight years, before withdrawing from the 2014 contest. On 14 July 2014, CyBC confirmed Cyprus' return to the contest, with the country reaching the final four times in a row in 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018. Since its first entry, Cyprus has participated every year except 1988, 2001 and 2014. In 1988, Cyprus withdrew its entry after broadcaster CyBC determined that the intended entry was ineligible. In 2001, the country did not qualify for the contest due to insufficiently high average scores in previous contests, according to the qualification process at the time. In 2014, the broadcaster decided to withdraw from the contest and cited public indifference and the economic difficulties for not taking part.
As of 2018, Cyprus now holds the record for the most times competing in the Eurovision Song Contest without a single win with 35 entries into the contest. Most of the Cypriot entries have been sung in Greek or English. On 3 October 2013, the Cypriot broadcaster Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation withdrew from the 2014 contest. Reasons that were cited are public opinion regarding the 2012–13 Cypriot financial crisis and budget restrictions as factors that influenced this decision. Cyprus is famous for always exchanging 12 points with Greece in the Semi Final and Final, though there have been exceptions; the last time Cyprus gave Greece less than 12 points was in 2015. Since the advent of televoting in 1998, the two countries have given each other the maximum 12 points until the 2015 Contest, where neither country gave their 12 to the other, but curiously both gave them to Italy. Cyprus and Turkey never exchanged votes until 2003, a taboo attributed to the ongoing Cyprus dispute. Since its first entry in 1981, Cyprus has had a mixture of bad results.
The best result achieved so far is a second place, reached by Eleni Foureira at the 2018 Contest. In the 1980s and 1990s, Cyprus had managed to reach the top 10 a number of times, something which made the Contest become popular in the Cypriot public. Since 2004, Cyprus' performance has dropped notably. From 2006 to 2009 and again in 2011 & 2013, the country didn't manage to reach the final. At the same time when Cyprus' performance in the contest dropped vertically, Greece's performance improved fast by one win and seven top ten results in one decade; this created a shift of interest, with the Cypriot public being more interested in the success of the Greek entry. This is because Greece, since 2004, seems to send popular singers that have a well established fan-club in Cyprus, while Cyprus elects their contestants through an open contest, which results in young and somewhat unknown artists representing the country. On 14 July 2014, CyBC confirmed their return to the contest in 2015. Cyprus hosted the Eurovision Song Project, which included 2 semi-finals, 1 second chance round and a final.
Since their return in 2015 the country has never failed to qualify, made their best result with Eleni Foureira coming second in 2018. Table key NOTES a. ^ In 2012, Cyprus and Ukraine were both awarded with 65 points each in the final, according to tie-break procedures, Ukraine finished 15th overall and Cyprus 16th because Ukraine received points from a greater number of countries between the two. B. ^ If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. In addition, back in 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi finals the following year. If, for example and France placed inside the top ten with Spain and the United Kingdom finishing after 15th place, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries. C. ^ Although the lyrics are in English, the Spanish title'Fuego' is repeated throughout the song.
As of 2018, Cyprus' voting history is as follows: In addition, since 2009, British writer and TV presenter Nathan Morley has provided the CyBC Radio commentary. All conductors are Cypriot except those with a flag. Cyprus in the Eurovision Young Musicians Cyprus in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest National Final Cyprus Points to and from Cyprus eurovisioncovers.co.uk Music.net.cy - Cyprus National Finals 2010
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s