O Malho

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O Malho
Revistaomalho.gif
Logo of O Malho in the first issue
CategoriesSatirical magazine
Cultural magazine
FrequencyWeekly
FounderLuis Bartholomeu Antonio Agnello de Souza e Silva
Antonio Azeredo
Year founded1902
First issue20 September 1902
Final issueJanuary 1954
CountryBrazil
Based inRio de Janeiro
LanguagePortuguese
OCLC19233235

O Malho (meaning The Mallet in English) was a Brazilian weekly satirical magazine published from 1902 to 1954. It was based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, it was the first commercially successful Brazilian satirical magazine during the Republican regime.[1]

History and profile[edit]

O Malho was established in 1902[2] and the first issue was published on 20 September 1902,[3][4] its founders were Luis Bartholomeu Antonio Agnello de Souza e Silva, a member of the Brazilian Parliament and Antonio Azeredo, a senator.[1] The magazine was headquartered in Rio de Janeiro and was published on a weekly basis.[3] Although the magazine targeted men and women from different social classes,[5] it basically targeted the working-class readers.[1] During the initial years French artist Crispino do Amaral was the main caricaturist of the magazine.[4] Antonio Leal served as the photographer of the magazine;[6] the company, which published O Malho, namely the O Malho Group, also published a children's and comics magazine, O Tico Tico.[7]

O Malho was the first Brazilian magazine with colored pages;[8] the magazine focused on in humor and political satire.[9] It contained caricatures and other satirical materials;[1] the magazine also featured musical scores by composers, poems and chronicles.[3] From its start in 1902 to 1926 the magazine regularly featured piano music related articles in two pages;[5] the work by Elda Coelho on music was covered in the magazine.[5]

Sabino Barroso, president of the Chamber of Deputies, resigned from office due to satirical publications about him in the magazine.[2][4] In March 1906 O Malho sold 40,000 copies,[1] it folded in January 1954.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Felipe Botelho Correa (January 2012). "The Readership of Caricatures in the Brazilian Belle Époque: the Case of the Illustrated Magazine Careta (1908-1922)". Patrimônio e Memória. 8 (1). Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Rodolfo Espinoza (June 1999). "Brazil Culture". Brazzil. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Eric Lana (1 April 2011). "Partituras de O Malho e Seu Leitor-Modelo" (in Portuguese). Academia. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Malho, O" (PDF). O Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  5. ^ a b c Tom Moore (1 September 2000). "A Visit to Pianopolis: Brazilian Music for Piano at the Bibliatica Alberto Nepomuceno". Notes. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  6. ^ Randal Johnson (15 April 1987). The Film Industry in Brazil: Culture and the State. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-8229-7644-8. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Comics: the early editorial market in Brazil (Daniel Serravalle de Sá 2008)". Studies in Fiction. 24 August 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Serialized Publications". Bibliotica Nacional. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  9. ^ James N. Green (2001). "Challenging National Heroes and Myths: Male Homosexuality and Brazilian History". Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe. 12 (1). Retrieved 18 February 2017.

External links[edit]