Orleans Cross Roads, West Virginia
Orleans Cross Roads is an unincorporated community hamlet that lies on the western flanks of Sideling Hill on the Potomac River in Morgan County, West Virginia. To its south, Rockwell Run, a mountain stream fed by springs, empties into the Potomac. Orleans Cross Roads lies along the old Baltimore and Ohio Railroad directly across the river from Little Orleans, it is accessible by way of Orleans Road from Cacapon Road via Detour Road. Once the site of a functioning station on the B&O, Orleans Cross Roads had its own operating post office; the community and post office were known as Orleans Cross Roads or Orleans Crossroads while its station was known as Orleans Road Station. It is still inhabited today and is the site of the historic Orleans Cross Roads Methodist Episcopal Church, built in the 1850s
Unger, West Virginia
Unger is an unincorporated community in southern Morgan County in the U. S. state of West Virginia. Unger is distinguished amongst other towns in Morgan County for retaining an operating post office since one was established there in 1853. From 1857 to 1935, it was known as Unger's Store until March 31, 1950 its name was shortened to Unger on April 1, 1950. Unger is located at the crossroads of Unger's Store Road; as of 2008 or earlier, the post office at Unger has been closed. Unger does, boast The Farnham Colossi at Unger: http://www.roadsideamerica.com/tip/3699 and the former Unger's Store still sells produce on the porch in season. On the ground, the road is marked Unger's Store Road eastbound, intersecting with Timber Ridge Road at a large oak tree. However, GPS systems and internet mapping sites call what is locally known and posted as Unger's Store Road "Blue Rock" or "Blue Roack" road. There are no signs on the ground with these designations. Ruane, Michael E.. Va.. Washington Post
Cherry Run, West Virginia
Cherry Run is a small unincorporated community hamlet located along the CSX Transportation mainline on the Potomac River in Morgan County in the U. S. state of West Virginia. The community is named for Cherry Run, that meets the Potomac in its vicinity, it was known as Cherry Run Depot because of the important interchange between the B&O and the Western Maryland Railway located there. The last remnant of the interchange was Miller Tower, an interlocking tower controlling the junction; the tower was closed in September 2000, moved to the Martinsburg Shops site in February 2001. It was reassembled there in November 2005. Across the Potomac from Cherry Run lies Big Pool on the Ohio Canal. Cherry Run is reached by Householder Road from the west and both Cherry Run Road and Fulton Road from Martinsburg Road to the south. On the B&O mainline, Cherry Run is located between Hancock to its west and Little Georgetown in Berkeley County to its east. Miller Tower at Martinsburg Roundhouse Center - Berkeley County Roundhouse Authority Miller Tower Project - Semaphores.com
Jerome, West Virginia
Jerome is an uninhabited community along the old Baltimore and Ohio Railroad main line in Morgan County in the U. S. state of West Virginia. It is located within the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park on the Potomac River. Jerome is the site of a stretch of the Western Maryland Railway right-of-way from milepost 126 to milepost 160 listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Located in the "Paw Paw Bends", Jerome was considered to be one of the most inaccessible places reached by the Western Maryland Rwy. At Jerome, the train order office was in use until it was closed on September 1, 1959; when it was abandoned by the Chessie System in May 1975, the office was not torn down and is one of the few buildings that remain today in Jerome. There was an operating connection with the B&O "low line" at milepost 137 but it was removed when the B&O abandoned the low line in 1961; the community and its station on the railroad are rumored to have been named for Jérôme Bonaparte
Berkeley Springs, West Virginia
Berkeley Springs is a town in, the county seat of, Morgan County, West Virginia, United States, in the state's Eastern Panhandle. While the area was part of Virginia, the town was incorporated as Bath. Since 1802, it has been referred to by the name of its original Virginia post office, Berkeley Springs; the population of the town was 800. The town is located within MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Berkeley Springs is a sister city to Bath, England; the area contains mineral water springs that were frequented by Native Americans indigenous to the area for thousands of years. After settlement by Europeans, the mineral springs drew many visitors from urban areas. Notable colonial visitors to the area included James Rumsey. Berkeley Springs remained a popular resort area during the early years of the United States, it is the home of the Berkeley Springs International Water Tasting, the longest running and largest such event in the world. The area continues to be a popular resort area with tourism the main industry in the county and four full-service spas using the mineral water.
A historic building whose construction began in 1888, was built as a retreat for Rosa and Samuel Taylor Suit overlooking the town. It is called "Berkeley Castle". Berkeley Springs is a noted arts community with working artists accounting for 1% of the county population of 16,000. Since 1994, the town has been listed in all four editions of John Villani's "100 Best Art Towns in America". During colonial times in 1748, George Washington just 16 years old, was part of the team that surveyed the Eastern Panhandle region for Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron. Washington returned several times over the next several years with his half-brother, ill, in hopes that the warm springs might improve his health; the springs, their rumored medicinal benefits, attracted numerous Native Americans as well as Europeans to the area. While vacationing in the area in 1767, Washington made note of how busy the colonial town had become. Lord Fairfax had built a summer home there and a "private bath" making the area a popular destination for Virginia's social elite.
With the advent of independence, An act for establishing a town at the Warm Springs in the county of Berkeley was adopted by the Virginia General Assembly in December 1776. The town was named Bath, in honor of England's spa city of Bath. George Washington, his family members and several of the colonial elite were among the town's first landowners; the town's main north-south street was named Washington and the main east-west street was named Fairfax. Four acres were set aside for "suffering humanity." The area around the springs always was public land known as The Grove and overseen by a state-appointed group of Berkeley Springs trustees. This would become a historic park with its springs and bathhouses, made part of the West Virginia state park system in 1925. Nearby, Cacapon State Park was opened in 1933; the mountain that gives its name to the park has an elevation of 2,320 feet above sea level. Bath's population increased during and after, the Revolutionary War as wounded soldiers and others came to the area believing that the warm springs had medicinal qualities.
Bath gained a reputation as a somewhat wild town where eating, drinking and gambling on the daily horse races were the order of the day. In 1772, the springs were part of the newly formed Berkeley County, named after its colonial governor, Norborne Berkeley; the waters became known as Berkeley Springs because the existing protocol was to name springs after the colonial Virginia county in which they were located. The area had been called Warm Springs and Medicinal Springs among other names. Bath became known permanently to the world as Berkeley Springs in 1802 when the Virginia postal system was established in the new nation and there was a Bath, Virginia, in Bath County. West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions of 1861, in which 50 northwestern counties of Virginia decided to break away from Virginia during the American Civil War; the new state was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863. Berkeley Springs remained the conventional name used for the town, its Sister City is England.
Berkeley Springs is located at 39°37′32″N 78°13′37″W, in the Appalachian Mountains. The town lies in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia 26 miles NW of Martinsburg, West Virginia and 36 miles W of Hagerstown, Maryland. Berkeley Springs is the county seat of Morgan County. Morgan County makes up one of the western counties in the Eastern Panhandle. According to the United States Census Bureau, the incorporated town of Bath has a total area of 0.34 square miles, all land. The main road through the town is U. S. Route 522. West Virginia Route 9 runs west through the town. There are two rivers in Morgan County; the Potomac makes up the northern border and the Cacapon River cuts through the center of the county connecting with the Potomac at Great Cacapon. The Cacapon and Sleepy Creek Mountains are the two most notable mountains in the county. Berkeley Springs is nestled in the extreme northern Shenandoah Valley at an elevation of 499 feet. Warm Spring Run cuts through the center of the town and connects with the Potomac River near the Hancock Station.
Sleepy Creek connects with the Potomac along River Road east of the town. As of the census of 2010, there were 624 people, 314 households, 158 families residing in the incorporated town of Bath; the population density was 1,835.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 416 housing units at an aver
U.S. Route 522
U. S. Route 522 is a 308-mile spur route of U. S. Route 22 in the eastern United States; the southern terminus of the route is at U. S. Route 60 in Powhatan, Virginia; the northern terminus is at U. S. Route 11 and U. S. Route 15 in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania. US 522 passes through the states of Virginia, West Virginia and Pennsylvania. US 522 is a part of the National Highway System from SR 37 near Winchester, Virginia north to Interstate 70 in Warfordsburg and from the Pennsylvania Turnpike north to Selinsgrove. In Virginia, US 522 runs 159.65 miles from its southern terminus at US 60 in Powhatan north to the West Virginia state line near Cross Junction. In the Piedmont of central Virginia, US 522 is a minor highway connecting several county seats, including Powhatan and Culpeper. North of Culpeper, the U. S. highway increases in importance, crossing the Blue Ridge Mountains, connecting Culpeper with Sperryville and Front Royal. US 522 is a four-lane divided highway north of Front Royal, where it passes through the Shenandoah Valley and the city of Winchester on its way to the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia.
In West Virginia, US 522 runs 19.0 miles from the Virginia state line near Ridge north to the Maryland state line at the Potomac River in Hancock just south of Hancock, Maryland. US 522 passes through Ridge and Valley Province of the Appalachian Mountains in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia; the portion of the U. S. highway in West Virginia serves to connect Winchester with Hancock via Berkeley Springs, the county seat of Morgan County. In Maryland, US 522 runs 2.35 miles from the West Virginia state line at the Potomac River north to the Pennsylvania state line within Hancock in western Washington County. The federal highway crosses Maryland at its narrowest north–south point, meeting Maryland Route 144, Interstate 70, US 40, I-68 before entering Pennsylvania concurrent with I-70. In Pennsylvania, US 522 runs 127.5 miles from the Maryland state line near Warfordsburg north to its northern terminus at US 11 and US 15 in Selinsgrove. US 522 passes through the Ridge and Valley Province of the Appalachian Mountains of central Pennsylvania, connecting Hancock, Maryland on the Potomac River with McConnellsburg, Mount Union, Lewistown and Selinsgrove on the Susquehanna River.
US 522 was signed from Lewistown to Selinsgrove in Pennsylvania. A year US 522 was extended south to Hancock, Maryland along its current alignment; the portion from U. S. Route 40 in Hancock to U. S. Route 22 in Mount Union, Pennsylvania was U. S. Route 622 from 1926 to 1927; the designation, shown on the 1926 U. S. Highway System plan, may not have been signed. US 60 at Powhatan, Virginia I-64 / US 250 at Gum Spring, Virginia US 33 at Cuckoo, Virginia US 15 / US 29 at Culpeper, Virginia US 211 from Sperryville, Virginia to Washington, Virginia I-66 / US 340 at Front Royal, Virginia I-81 / US 11 / US 17 / US 50 at Winchester, Virginia WV 9 at Berkeley Springs, West Virginia I-68 / I-70 / US 40 at Hancock, Maryland US 30 at McConnellsburg, Pennsylvania I-76 / Penna Turnpike at Dublin Township, Pennsylvania US 22 from Mount Union, Pennsylvania to Lewistown, Pennsylvania US 322 at Lewistown, Pennsylvania US 11 / US 15 at Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania Endpoints of U. S. Highway 522
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c