Oberá

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Oberá
Monument built for the city's 50th anniversary
Monument built for the city's 50th anniversary
Flag of Oberá
Flag
Coat of arms of Oberá
Coat of arms
Oberá is located in Argentina
Oberá
Oberá
Location of Oberá in Argentina
Coordinates: 27°29′S 55°8′W / 27.483°S 55.133°W / -27.483; -55.133Coordinates: 27°29′S 55°8′W / 27.483°S 55.133°W / -27.483; -55.133
Country Argentina
Province Misiones
DepartmentOberá
Government
 • MayorEwaldo Rindfleich
Area
 • Total155 km2 (60 sq mi)
Elevation
298 m (978 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Total63,960
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (ART)
CPA base
N3360
Dialing code+54 3755
WebsiteOfficial website

Oberá, formerly Svea, is a city in the interfluvial province of Misiones, Argentina, and the head town of the Oberá Department. It is located 96 km east of the provincial capital Posadas, on National Route 14, and about 1,150 km north of Buenos Aires, it has 63,960 inhabitants according to the 2010 census [INDEC].

Overview[edit]

Sarmiento Avenue.

Oberá is the second city in size and importance of the province, and the core of the Sierras Centrales region; the area is a colorful landscape, with luxurious vegetation, streams, cascades and hilly areas. Oberá is also the educational and cultural capital of the central region of the province, with availability of universities and colleges (such as the National University of Misiones), its economy is based on agriculture and industry.

The local culture is marked by European influences, since the area was settled by numerous colonies of immigrants, starting in 1897.

Oberá is also known as the "City of the Churches", since it features more than 30 churches, belonging to a diversity of denominations (including Eastern and Western Catholic rites, Eastern Orthodox, and several Evangelical/Protestant churches). On June 13, 2009, Oberá was made the see of the newly erected Roman Catholic Diocese of Oberá; the latter was created with territory carved out from the Diocese of Posadas.

Tourist attractions[edit]

In addition to the many churches, other tourist sites include:

Other attractions include visits to small farms and plantations, including those of yerba mate and tea, the major products of Misiones.

Cathedral of St. Anthony of Padua (Roman Catholic)
Picture of the Russian House, in the Park of the Nations

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Oberá (1981–1990, extremes 1961–2016)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.5
(103.1)
39.6
(103.3)
39.4
(102.9)
36.4
(97.5)
33.1
(91.6)
30.0
(86.0)
31.1
(88.0)
34.4
(93.9)
37.0
(98.6)
37.4
(99.3)
40.8
(105.4)
40.7
(105.3)
40.8
(105.4)
Average high °C (°F) 32.3
(90.1)
31.1
(88.0)
30.0
(86.0)
26.0
(78.8)
22.8
(73.0)
20.3
(68.5)
21.1
(70.0)
22.7
(72.9)
23.7
(74.7)
27.4
(81.3)
29.4
(84.9)
31.8
(89.2)
26.6
(79.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
24.5
(76.1)
23.6
(74.5)
20.2
(68.4)
17.4
(63.3)
14.9
(58.8)
15.2
(59.4)
16.7
(62.1)
17.4
(63.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.8
(73.0)
24.8
(76.6)
20.3
(68.5)
Average low °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
20.3
(68.5)
18.9
(66.0)
16.6
(61.9)
13.6
(56.5)
11.1
(52.0)
11.2
(52.2)
12.6
(54.7)
13.1
(55.6)
15.8
(60.4)
18.1
(64.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.0
(60.8)
Record low °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
8.4
(47.1)
5.8
(42.4)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.8
(33.4)
3.4
(38.1)
3.4
(38.1)
9.0
(48.2)
−2.8
(27.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 181.8
(7.16)
215.6
(8.49)
158.6
(6.24)
235.1
(9.26)
252.0
(9.92)
163.9
(6.45)
138.8
(5.46)
175.8
(6.92)
153.7
(6.05)
179.2
(7.06)
217.3
(8.56)
230.6
(9.08)
2,302.4
(90.65)
Average precipitation days 12 11 9 11 9 11 10 10 11 10 11 9 124
Average relative humidity (%) 73 76 75 80 79 80 76 75 75 71 71 68 75
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[1][2]

Sports[edit]

The city is home to the Oberá Tenis Club, a multi-sports club which is especially known for its professional basketball department; the team plays its home games at the Estadio Oberá Tenis Club.

History[edit]

In 1913, a group of immigrants, most of them Swedish, founded it, drawing inspiration for its name from a valkyrie or escudera [female warrior] (mother Svea) belonging to an ancient tradition in the history of Sweden.

The territory where Svea was founded had originally been largely populated by nomadic indigenous peoples, and it belonged to the province of Corrientes until the province of Misiones was federalized in 1891; the province is located in the northeast of Argentina and has very particular geographical features, among which the jungle areas and the Iguazu River stand out. The Iguazu River flows north into the famous Iguazu Falls, which were declared a World Heritage Site and are located about 300 kilometers away from the north of the city of Oberá.

Background[edit]

The colonies founded by immigrants in Misiones took place between the end of 1890 and at the beginning of the 20th century (Azara and Apóstoles), where Austro-Polish immigrants from Galitzia settled down. In 1907, Bonpland was founded by Finnish immigrants, after a delegation of that nationality visited the site in 1905.

Between 1890 and 1891, Brazil organized the installation of a settlement plan for immigrants in Rio Grande do Sul, which subsequently failed. Therefore, many immigrants arriving in the country moved south to Misiones. That’s how Bonpland originated, where the Finns were granted fiscal lots.

"In January 1906, a decree promoted agricultural colonization in this area, 50 square leagues between Cerro Corá, Bonpland and properties of Roca and Dávila, giving origin to the colony Yerbal Viejo. Although it was designed for the settlement of the Finns, Swedish families also went there looking for better crop lands, and then immigrants of other nationalities joined them."[3]

Founding[edit]

In 1913, also as a result of the failure of the settlement in Brazil, a group of immigrants, most of them Swedish, began to cross over from Brazil, they crossed the Mato Grosso forest looking for the territory of Misiones in the south. Many of the immigrants died in the attempt.

"My grandfather left Stockholm in 1892 with a group of Swedish people. They were bewildered because it was America and when they arrived in here they were greatly disappointed, they came here from Brazil through what they called the path of death, led by my grandfather, and after traveling many kilometers, without roads or anything, they settled here. They worked hard; they did not even know how to feed themselves, they began to build their houses and to work on the hill, since this area was a virgin forest. They had to start from scratch."

"There was nothing, only forest. Actually, there was something, they had to deal with the forest, the heat, the insects and a lot of deprivation. Sometimes, whole families died. There were no medicines, there was nothing. Besides, no one knew the language, they had to meet and talk to each other: Swedish, Finns and some Norwegians and Danish." [4]

Thus, the fortunate group that managed to make it there, most of them Swedish, were able to settle the site and build the first farms, giving origin to the colony and later the city of Svea; the first families that arrived between 1913 and 1915 were the families of Hermann Kallsten, Aldolfo Lindstrom, and Carlos Pettersson.

Subsequently, more families from other nationalities joined them and the city was created with the name of Svea. Danes, French, Norwegians, and eventually Finns, Russians, Germans, English, and Lebanese immigrants joined them before and after World War I and World War II.

In 1927, the Argentinian government decided to change the name of the Svea to Oberá, as it is known today. Oberá was officially founded on 9 July 1928, its name was taken from a renowned aboriginal chief, and it means "bright, shining". More than 15 national/ethnic communities of people descended from immigrants coexist, maintaining their legacy and traditions. On the first fortnight of September every year they celebrate this diversity with the Immigrant's Festival.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981–1990)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  2. ^ "Clima en la Argentina: Guia Climática por Oberá Aero". Caracterización: Estadísticas de largo plazo (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  3. ^ The Immigration, Colección de Arte y Memoria Audiovisual. Jorge Luis Farjat - Graciela Swiderski. Buenos Aires. 1999
  4. ^ Stories by Héctor Prevosti Kallesten, Lucía Holmgren and Rubén Bjorklund. Jorge Luis Farjat. The Creation (History of Svea). Audiovisual. 1998. Quoted by Graciela Swiderski – Jorge Luis Farjat en The Immigration, Colección de Arte y Memoria Audiovisual. Buenos Aires. 1999

Bibliography[edit]