Butzbach is a town in the Wetteraukreis district in Hessen, Germany. It is located 16 km south of Gießen and 35 km north of Frankfurt am Main. In 2007, the town hosted the 47th Hessentag state festival from 1 to 10 June; the "Landgrafenschloss", used by the United States Army until 1990, is now utilized by the city council. The so-called "Roman Way Housing" of the United States Army with more than 1000 apartments was returned to the German Government in October 2007 and since has been renovated and rented out to the public; the town's market place is enclosed by timber framing. The "Schrenzer" hill overlooks the town and the country north of Frankfurt, called Wetterau. Another much higher mountain nearby is the Hausberg. Butzbach consists of the boroughs Bodenrod, Ebersgöns, Fauerbach vor der Höhe, Hausen-Oes, Hoch-Weisel, Kirch-Göns, Maibach, Münster, Nieder-Weisel, Pohl-Göns and Wiesental. Collecchio, Italy – since 2012 Eilenburg, Germany – since 1990 Saint-Cyr-l'École, France – since 2008 Teplá, Czech Republic Linden, New Jersey Gabriel Biel late medieval theologian and longtime Propst of the Brothers of the Common Life in Butzbach Johann Jakob Griesbach professor for the New Testament in Jena since 1775 and is regarded as one of the fathers of the New Testament text critique.
Born in Oberkleen Friedrich Ludwig Weidig worked 22 years as teacher and rector of the school in Butzbach Lorenz Diefenbach librarian, Germanist and writer Friedrich Schwally German orientalist. Ernst Glaeser writer who used among others the pseudonyms Anton Ditschler, Erich Meschede, Alexander Ruppel Born in Nieder-Weisel, Peter Krick was a three-figure German champion in figure skating Dieter Enders is a German chemist and expert in the field of asymmetric synthesis Siegfried Zielinski, media scientist and university lecturer Ron Gardenhire, former Major League Baseball manager for the Minnesota Twins Official website Town museum website English description
Nidda is a town in the district Wetterau, in Hesse, Germany. It is situated on the Nidda river 40 km northeast of Frankfurt am Main; the municipality consists of the districts Unter-Widdersheim, Ober-Widdersheim, Harb, Bad-Salzhausen, Geiß-Nidda, Stornfels, Ober-Schmitten, Unter-Schmitten, Nidda, Fauerbach, Schwickartshausen, Unter-Lais and Ober-Lais. Invited through a manifesto issued by Catherine the Great, several families from this region travelled to Russia in the late 18th century to settle in the Volga Region near Saratov. Family names Daubert and Scheuermann are examples of Volga Germans who helped to establish local villages, including Yagodnaya Polyana. Nidda has a vibrant mix of people from many backgrounds, including Turkish and Pakistani; the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat opened its first purpose-built mosque in Nidda in 2011. Since 2010 Hans-Peter Seum 1995–2009 Lucia Puttrich 1989–1995 Helmut Jung 1961–1989 Wilhelm Eckhardt 1949–1961 August Ludwig Böcher 1910–1924 Ludwig Erk 1899–1910 Hermann Roth 1898–1899 Wilhelm Erk Ambrosius Pelargus, theologian Johann Pistorius the Elder and superintendent Johann Pistorius, physician and theologian Prince Charles William of Hesse-Darmstadt, Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt, obrist Salome Kammer, vocalist and cellist Official site There is literature about Nidda, Hesse in the Hessian Bibliography Literature by and about Nidda, Hesse in the German National Library catalogue Nidda at Curlie
Kefenrod is a municipality in the Wetteraukreis, in Hesse, Germany. It is located 46 kilometers northeast of Frankfurt am Main
Altenstadt is a municipality in the district Wetteraukreis, in Hesse, Germany. It is situated in approx. 27 kilometers north-east of Frankfurt am Main Altenstadt was part of the Limes, the former border of the Roman Empire, that passes through the town. According to excavations, Altenstadt was a Roman garrison in the first half of the second century; the first documented mention of Altenstadt took place only in the year 767, which makes Altenstadt the oldest municipality of Upper Hesse. The municipality consists of 8 districts: One of the inhabitants of Altenstadt was the justice inspector Friedrich Kellner, who alternated his work-week between Laubach and Altenstadt during World War II. Kellner recorded the misdeeds of the Nazis in a ten-volume diary, on display in 2005 at the George Bush Presidential Library. A Canadian documentary, My Opposition: the Diaries of Friedrich Kellner, was produced in 2006; the Lutheran missionary Georg Heinrich Schwarz was born in Höchst an der Nidder in 1868. He laboured in the Cape Bedford Mission, North Queensland, for 55 years.
The anniversary of his arrival is still celebrated there each year in September and known as Muni Day. Official site Website of Lindheim Website of Enzheim Der Weltkrieg war vor deiner Tür Altenstadt and the former Airfield Altenstadt in World War II
Social Democratic Party of Germany
The Social Democratic Party of Germany, or SPD, is a social-democratic political party in Germany. Led by Andrea Nahles since 2018, the party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in Germany along with the Christian Democratic Union; the Social Democrats have governed at the federal level in Germany as part of a grand coalition with the CDU and the Christian Social Union since December 2013 following the results of the 2013 and 2017 federal elections. The party participates in 14 state governments and 7 of them are governed by SPD Minister-Presidents; the SPD is a member of the Party of European Socialists and initiated the founding of the Progressive Alliance international for social-democratic parties on 22 May 2013 after criticising the Socialist International for its acceptance of authoritarian parties. Established in 1863, the SPD is by far the oldest extant political party represented in the German Parliament and was one of the first Marxist-influenced parties in the world.
The General German Workers' Association founded in 1863 and the Social Democratic Workers' Party founded in 1869 merged in 1875 under the name Socialist Workers' Party of Germany. From 1878 to 1890, any grouping or meeting that aimed at spreading socialist principles was banned under the Anti-Socialist Laws, but the party still gained support in elections. In 1890, when the ban was lifted and it could again present electoral lists the party adopted its current name. In the years leading up to World War I, the party remained ideologically radical in official principle, although many party officials tended to be moderate in everyday politics. By 1912, the party claimed the most votes of any German party. Despite the agreement of the Second International to oppose World War I, the Social Democrats voted in favor of war in 1914. In response to this and the Bolshevik Revolution, members of the left-wing and of the far-left of the SPD formed alternative parties, first the Spartacus League the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany while the more conservative faction was known as the Majority Social Democratic Party of Germany.
After 1918, the SPD played an important role in the political system of the Weimar Republic, although it took part in coalition governments only in few years. Adolf Hitler prohibited the party in 1933 under the Enabling Act and party officials were imprisoned, killed or went into exile. In exile, the party used the name Sopade; the Social Democrats had been the only party to vote against the Enabling Act while the Communist Party was blocked from voting. In 1945, the Allied occupants in the Western zones allowed four parties to be established, which led to the Christian Democratic Union, the Free Democratic Party, the Communist Party and the SPD being established. In the Soviet zone of occupation, the Soviets forced the Social Democrats to form a common party with the Communists. In the Western zones, the Communist Party was banned by West Germany's Federal Constitutional Court in 1956. Since 1949, the SPD has been one of the two major parties in the Federal Republic of Germany, with the other being the Christian Democratic Union.
From 1969 to 1982 and 1998 to 2005, the Chancellors of Germany were Social Democrats whereas the other years the Chancellors were Christian Democrats. Shortly before the reunification of Germany in 1990, the East German Social Democratic Party merged into the West German SPD; the SPD was established as a Marxist party in 1875. However, the Social Democrats underwent a major shift in policies reflected in the differences between the Heidelberg Program of 1925 which "called for the transformation of the capitalist system of private ownership of the means of production to social ownership" and the Godesberg Program of 1959 which aimed to broaden its voter base and move its political position toward the centre. After World War II, under the leadership of Kurt Schumacher the SPD re-established itself as a socialist party representing the interests of the working class and the trade unions. However, with the Godesberg Program the party evolved from a socialist working-class party to a modern social-democratic party working within liberal capitalism.
The current party platform of the SPD espouses the goal of social democracy, seen as a vision of a societal arrangement in which freedom and social justice are paramount. According to the party platform, freedom and social solidarity form the basis of social democracy; the coordinated social market economy should be strengthened and its output should be distributed fairly. The party sees that economic system as necessary in order to ensure the affluence of the entire population; the SPD tries to protect the society's poor with a welfare state. Concurrently, it advocates a sustainable fiscal policy that does not place a burden on future generations while eradicating budget deficits. In social policy, the Social Democrats stand for political rights in an open society. In foreign policy, the party aims at ensuring global peace by balancing global interests with democratic means, thus European integration is one of the main priorities of the party; the SPD supports economic regulations to limit potential losses for people.
They support a common European economic and financial policy and to prevent speculative bubbles as well as environmentally sustainable growth. The SPD is composed of members belonging to either of the two main wings, namely the Keynesian social democrats and Third Way mod
Friedberg is a town and the capital of the Wetteraukreis district, in Hesse, Germany. It is located 16 miles north of Frankfurt am Main. In 1966, the town hosted the sixth Hessentag state festival, in 1979 the 19th; the town consists of 7 districts: Bruchenbrücken Friedberg Dorheim Ockstadt Bauernheim Fauerbach Ossenheim The old city was refounded by the Hohenstaufen dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, conveniently located at important trading routes. The city rivaled Frankfurt am Main economically, with an important annual trading fair, initial rapid expansion, though its economic fortunes soon dwindled. City tranquility was hampered by continuous rivalry between the two entities that made up Friedberg: The city and the castle of Friedberg that were politically independent from each other and in permanent competition quite maliciously, resulting in bitter rivalry that culminated once in the ransacking and destruction of the castle by angry citizens. In central Italy and Lombardy similar struggles between count and commune fueled the politics of Guelf and Ghibelline parties.
The city became a Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire with a charter given in 1211. Under Napoleon, it was incorporated in the Grand Duchy of Hesse. Friedberg sits atop a basalt plateau overlooking the Usa and has been populated at least since Roman times; the relics of a Mesolithic settlement have been found in a suburb of Friedberg. Castle Hill was the location of a Roman military camp, part of the limes or border fortifications and identical with the castellum in monte tauno, quoted in Roman records during the 1st century AD, though this is still under discussion. Ruins of the camp, as well as other Roman ruins, have been found and conserved, such as the remains of Roman public baths; the Roman settlement was abandoned during the retreat of the Romans on the Rhine frontier by 260 AD. The crown and ports atop the Adolfsturm was restored during the 1980s. Friedberg's old town quarter once housed a prosperous Jewish community, wiped out during World War II. Many of Friedberg's Jews fled to South Africa and the United States before the Holocaust, but all remaining Jews were shipped to Buchenwald.
The Judenbad contains a memorial to the fallen Jewish soldiers who fought for their fatherland during World War I. Today, only the medieval Jewish ceremonial bath, old synagogue arson memorial, memorial plaque at one of the city's secondary schools are reminders of this part of the city's past. Sir Ernest Oppenheimer, diamond mining entrepreneur and former owner of De Beers was born and raised in Friedberg. Friedberg was the home to the U. S. Army installation Ray Barracks. From 1956 to 2007, Ray Barracks was the home of 3rd Brigade 3rd Armored Division. Elvis Presley served in 1st Bn 32nd Armor, whose motor pool and tanks were used in filming Presley's "GI Blues"; the 1st Brigade 1st Armor Division was located here as well as in Germany. The 1st Brigade was located at Ray Barracks from 1992 to 2007 when the installation was closed permanently and was returned to the city of Friedberg; the base is notable as the duty station of Elvis Presley during his military stint in Europe, who lived in nearby Bad Nauheim.
Elvis Presley Platz is in the main shopping center of the town. Presley's battalion, redesignated the 4th Battalion, 67th Armor,"Bandits," would be commanded back-to-back by West Point classmates and future Army Generals Albert Bryant, Jr. and Martin Dempsey, who maintained their office above the "Elvis Aaron Presley Mess Hall," funded by Presley. Ray Barracks is further known for being the first duty station of former US Secretary of State and retired four-star General, Colin Powell, stationed there as a Second Lieutenant in 1958. Friedberg's main station is on the Main-Weser Railway and is the northern terminal of Frankfurt's S-Bahn line S6 and a stop for German Intercity trains and several regional railway lines. Friedberg is twinned with: Villiers-sur-Marne, France Magreglio, ItalyFriedberg was twinned with Bishop's Stortford in the United Kingdom but in 2011, the English town council controversially ended its 45-year-old relationship with the city, as well as Villiers-sur-Marne in France.
Erasmus Alberus, German humanist, religious reformer and friend of Martin Luther Siegfried Schmid, writer Oscar Hertwig and Richard Hertwig, zoologists Albert Windisch, German painter, Academy Professor and typographer was born in Friedberg. Sir Ernest Oppenheimer and gold mining entrepreneur and philanthropist, who controlled De Beers and founded the Anglo American Corporation of South Africa. Albert Stohr, bishop of Mainz Herfried Münkler, political scientist Mathias Herrmann, known from the ZDF Crime Scene Ein Fall für zwei René Pollesch, theater author and playwright Benjamin Herrmann, film producer Christof Leng, politician Dexter Langen, footballer Kamghe Gaba, sprinter Till Helmke, sprinter Kollegah, rapperContents Official website
Ranstadt is a municipality in the Wetteraukreis, in Hesse, Germany. It is located 35 kilometers northeast of Frankfurt am Main