Oberhof is a town in the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district of Thuringia, Germany. It is health resort. With 1,625 inhabitants, it is visited by 144,000 tourists every year; the town got its official city status in 1985. Oberhof was settled in 1641, remained a small town until the late 19th century, when the town in Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, was connected to the railway line from Erfurt to Ritschenhausen, skiers and other tourists discovered the place. From the early 1900s onwards, Oberhof became a center for winter sports, with luge, nordic skiing, ski jumping taking place in the town's updated sports facilities. In recent years the town has seen the construction of lift-equipped alpine skiing slopes and an international competition standard biathlon stadium, their bobsleigh and skeleton track has hosted many world and European championships in luge. In August 2009 the first German ski tunnel opened in Oberhof. 1931 Two-man Bobsleigh World Championship and FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1973 FIL World Luge Championships 1979 FIL European Luge Championships 1985 FIL World Luge Championships 1998 FIL European Luge Championships 2004 Biathlon World Championship and FIL European Luge Championships 2008 FIL World Luge Championships Rennsteiggarten Oberhof, a botanical garden for mountain plants Oberhof, Germany is twinned with: Winterberg, Germany Bad Neustadt an der Saale, Germany Lillehammer, Norway Media related to Oberhof at Wikimedia Commons Official website
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
David Möller is a German former luger who competed from 2001 to 2014. He won six medals at the FIL World Luge Championships with four golds, one silver, one bronze Möller won four medals at the FIL European Luge Championships with one gold, one silver, two bronzes, he finished fifth in the men's singles event at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Torino and won the silver medal at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. Möller's best Luge World Cup. On 18 January 2009, Möller suffered a cruciate ligament rupture while training in Oberhof, he underwent surgery for the rupture in Munich at the end of February. Möller underwent physical rehabilitation in early 2009 to prepare for the 2009-10 Luge World Cup and Winter Olympics in Vancouver to which he qualified. After he competed at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, his third Games, he announced his retirement from competition. Outside of luge, he works for the German Federal Police. FIL-Luge.org 24 April 2009 article on Möller's surgery and rehabilitation.
– accessed 8 May 2009. Hickok sports information on World champions in luge and skeleton at Archive.today List of European luge champions at the Wayback Machine List of men's singles luge World Cup champions since 1978 at the Wayback Machine David Möller at the International Luge Federation David Moeller at the International Olympic Committee David Möller at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Felix Loch is a German luger and Olympic champion. He has been competing since 1995 and has been on the German national team since 2006, he has won fourteen medals at the FIL World Luge Championships with two silvers. Loch's men's singles win in 2008 made him the youngest world champion at 18 years old, he is the youngest Olympic Gold Medalist in men's luge history. As of 2014, Loch is a triple Olympic gold medalist. At the 2008 FIL European Luge Championships in Cesana, Italy, he finished sixth in the men's singles event, he had won the 2006 Junior World Championship held in Altenberg, Germany. Loch is member of the Club RC Berchtesgaden and lives at Schönau am Königssee though he was born in Sonneberg. During International Training Week at the Whistler Sliding Centre in Whistler, British Columbia on 7–15 November 2008, Loch injured his shoulder during training. Bob- und Schlittenverband für Deutschland Sport Director Thomas Schwab stated that Loch would compete at the opening Luge World Cup event at Igls, Austria on 29–30 November 2008 to which Loch did.
On 21 February 2009, during the 2008-09 Luge World Cup season finale at Whistler Sliding Centre, Felix Loch recorded the fastest registered speed in luge, 153.98 km/h. At the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Loch again won the gold medal in men's Singles, marking his second consecutive Olympic victory, he was in the German team which won gold in the inaugural team relay. At the 2018 Winter Olympics, in the men's singles competition Loch was a heavy favorite and indeed was leading the field after three runs, but in the last run made a mistake which cost him a medal, he ended in the fifth position. Felix Loch at the International Luge Federation Felix Loch at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Natalie Geisenberger is a German luger. She became Olympic Champion in the women's singles event and in the team relay at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi and at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang and won a bronze medal in the women's singles event at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. With four gold medals and one bronze, she is the decorated female Olympic luger. Geisenberger has won six gold and four silver medals at the FIL European Luge Championships, she accounts fifteen medals at the FIL World Luge Championships including nine golds, four silver and two bronze. She is the most successful female luger in championships history. After four consecutive seasons finishing second in the overall classification of the Luge World Cup, she won her first title in the 2012–13 season, after completing an outstanding scoreboard with six wins and three second places, she has won 7 world cups in singles and 3 in sprint which both of them are the most world cups of all-time in women's competitions.
At age six her family moved to the city of Miesbach where Gert Schabbehard of the local Club RRT Miesbach introduced her to the sport at age 10. After a successful junior career in which she won 14 Junior World Cup competitions and three Junior World Championships, she was promoted to the senior German team, her first senior competition was on 20 January 2007 at the Altenberg, Germany World Cup where she came in second. Geisenberger is a student with the German Federal Police at the Sports School in Bad Endorf. On 1 June 2018, she married Markus Scheer in Schliersee. List of women's singles luge World Cup champions since 1978. Official website, & Natalie Geisenberger at the International Luge Federation Natalie Geisenberger at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Bogdan Musiol is an East German-German bobsledder who competed from the late 1970s to the early 1990s. The former shot putter started pushing bob sleighs in 1977 for pilot Horst Bernhard. Behind Horst Schönau he became world champion for the first time in 1978, he pushed for Bernhard Germeshausen, Meinhard Nehmer, Bernhard Lehmann, Detlef Richter and Wolfgang Hoppe. Competing in five Winter Olympic Games, he won seven medals with one gold, five silvers, one bronze. Musiol won seven medals at the FIBT World Championships with three golds, two silvers, two bronzes. From 1980 to 1988, the former NVA Hauptmann took part for East Germany after German reunification in 1990 for Germany at the Winter Olympics until 1994. At the end of his career he had won 31 Medals at international competitions and was the most successful bob athlete until Wolfgang Hoppe scored 33. Musiol competed for ASK Vorwärts Oberhof WSV Oberhof 05, he owns fitness studios in Oschatz. He was in charge for the material of the German Bob- und Schlittenverband für Deutschland until his dismissal in 2000.
Bobsleigh two-man Olympic medalists 1932–56 and since 1964 Bobsleigh four-man Olympic medalists for 1924, 1932–56, since 1964 Bobsleigh two-man world championship medalists since 1931 Bobsleigh four-man world championship medalists since 1930 DatabaseOlympics.com profile
Schönau am Königsee
Schönau am Königssee is a municipality in the district of Berchtesgadener Land in the German state of Bavaria. It is located at the northern end of the Königssee lake. Schönau is surrounded by the Berchtesgaden Alps; the present-day commune was formed in 1978 by the merger of the former Schönau and Königssee municipalities. Since 1984 the municipal area comprises the unincorporated Königssee lake, the famous St. Bartholomew's Church and the surrounding mountains from the east face of the Watzmann peak up to the Austrian border in the south, including the eastern part of Berchtesgaden National Park. From the lake, the Königsseer Ache creek runs down to Berchtesgaden. Due to its picturesque setting Schönau depends on tourism, it is home to a bobsleigh and skeleton track, the oldest permanent track in the world, having been constructed in 1968. Passenger services along the lake from Schönau are operated by the Bayerische Seenschifffahrt company using electric boats. Schönau was first mentioned in a 1456 deed one of the eight historic localities of the Berchtesgaden Provostry.
After the secularisation of the Prince-Provostry, Schönau fell to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1810. Anton Adner and supercentenarian Magda Schneider, actress and died in Schönau.