Mühlenbach is a town in the district of Ortenau in Baden-Württemberg in Germany
Hausach is a town in the Ortenaukreis, in western Baden-Württemberg, first mentioned in 1259. The ruin of Husen Castle built around 1220 towering above the town is a landmark and part of Hausachs slogan "Stadt unter der Burg". Hausach is located in the Kinzig river valley 32 km east of the river Rhine between Offenburg and Wolfach; the river Kinzig starts in the Black Forest near Loßburg and meets the Rhine near Kehl just opposite of Strasbourg. The town council has 18 seats; the last election on May 25th 2014 gave the Freie Wähler as well as the CDU 6 of them. The SPD took 4 seats, the Grüne 2. Hausach's coat of arms displays the red framework of a gable roof on silver ground. Hausach is twinned with: Arbois, France Hausach's Official Website Tourist Office Kinzigtal
Oberkirch is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany about 12 km North-East of Offenburg and belongs to the Ortenaukreis district. Oberkirch is twinned with Haverfordwest, a town in Pembrokeshire, in the country of Wales in the United Kingdom, Oosterzele, a town in Oost-Vlaanderen, in Belgium. Michael Gerber, Roman catholic bishop Information about and images
Calw is a Landkreis in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Karlsruhe, the district-free city Pforzheim, Böblingen and Rastatt; the district was created in 1938, when the Oberamt Calw together with the neighboring Neuenbürg und Nagold were merged into a district. During the communal reform in 1973 the district at first was planned to be dissolved and its municipalities split to neighboring district; however it had the right size and population, planned for the newly created districts, thus this plan was abandoned. But some changes in the outline of the districts happened - 15 municipalities of the district changed to the neighboring districts Enz, Rastatt and Böblingen, in return it gained 6 municipalities from the districts Freudenstadt and the dissolved district Horb; the district belongs to the northern part of the Black Forest mountains. The main river is the Enz. Since 1991 the district has partnership with the district Freiberg in Saxony. Official website
Durbach is a municipality in the district of Ortenau in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It is situated on the verge of the northern Black Forest Mountains six kilometers north east of the town of Offenburg. Main branches of commerce are tourism, it is known for its Riesling wine. The Riesling grape grown in the Ortenau district is known as Klingelberger for the name of a vineyard in Durbach. Durbach was mentioned first in 1287 as Turbach. In 1973 the community included Ebersweier. Attractions include the town itself and surrounding vineyards which span the slopes of the mountains. Schloss Staufenberg is a castle, owned by the Markgraf von Baden with views over the Rhine valley and Strassbourg to the Vosges mountains in Alsace. Contemporary art museum HurrleThe «Skulpturenpark» is an exhibition of contemporary sculptures in the park of the MediClin Staufenburg Klinik. Partnership towns are: Austria Bürserberg, Austria France Châteaubernard, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. Schwarzwald Durbach Skulpturen Park Staufenburgklinik on YouTube Commons Durbach Commons Skulpturenpark Durbach Commons Burg Staufenberg Official website Durbach:History and images Tourist Information
Baden-Baden is a spa town in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-western Germany, at the north-western border of the Black Forest mountain range on the small river Oos, ten kilometres east of the Rhine, the border with France, forty kilometres north-east of Strasbourg, France. The springs at Baden-Baden were known to the Romans as Aquae and Aurelia Aquensis after M. Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus. In modern German, Baden is a noun meaning "bathing" but Baden, the original name of the town, derives from an earlier plural form of Bad; as with the English placename "Bath", various other Badens are at hot springs throughout Central Europe. The current doubled name arose to distinguish it from the others Baden near Vienna in Austria and Baden near Zürich in Switzerland, it is a reference to the Margraviate of the territory named after the town. Baden-Baden thus means the town of Baden in the territory of Baden. Baden-Baden got its formal name in 1931. Baden-Baden lies in a valley of the Northern Black Forest in southwestern Germany.
The western districts lie within the Upper Rhine Plain. The highest mountain of Baden-Baden is the Badener Höhe, part of the Black Forest National Park; the old town lies on the side of a hill on the right bank of the Oos. Since the 19th century, the principal resorts have been located on the other side of the river. There are 29 natural springs in the area, varying in temperature from 46 to 67 °C; the water is rich in salt and flows from artesian wells 1,800 m under Florentine Hill at a rate of 341 litre per minute and is conveyed through pipes to the town's baths. Roman settlement at Baden-Baden has been dated as far back as the emperor Hadrian, but on dubious authority; the known ruins of the Roman bath were rediscovered just below the New Castle in 1847 and date to the reign of Caracalla, who visited the area to relieve his arthritic aches. The facilities were used by the Roman garrison in Strasbourg; the town fell into ruin but its church was first constructed in the 7th century. By 1112, it was the seat of the Margraviate of Baden.
The Lichtenthal Convent was founded in 1254. The margraves used Hohenbaden Castle, whose ruins still occupy the summit above the town, but they completed and moved to the New Castle in 1479. Baden suffered during the Thirty Years' War at the hands of the French, who plundered it in 1643, they returned to occupy the city in 1688 at the onset of the Nine Years' War, burning it to the ground the next year. The margravine Sibylla rebuilt the New Castle in 1697, but the margrave Louis William removed his seat to Rastatt in 1706; the Stiftskirche houses the tombs of several of the margraves. The town began its recovery in the late 18th century, serving as a refuge for émigrés from the French Revolution; the town was frequented during the Second Congress of Rastatt in 1797–99 and became popular after the visit of the Prussian queen in the early 19th century. She came for medicinal reasons, as the waters were recommended for gout, paralysis, skin disorders, stones; the Ducal government subsequently subsidized the resort's development.
The town became a meeting place for celebrities, who visited the hot springs and the town's other amenities: luxury hotels, the Spielbank Casino, horse races, the gardens of the Lichtentaler Allee. Guests included Queen Victoria, Wilhelm I, Berlioz; the pumproom was completed in 1842. The Grand Duchy's railway's mainline reached Baden in 1845. Reaching its zenith under Napoleon III in the 1850s and'60s, Baden became "Europe's summer capital". With a population of around 10 000, the town's size could quadruple during the tourist season, with the French, British and Americans all well represented; the theater was completed in 1861 and a Greek church with a gilt dome was erected on the Michaelsberg in 1863 to serve as the tomb of the teenage son of the prince of Moldavia Mihail Sturdza after he died during a family vacation. A Russian Orthodox church was subsequently erected; the casino was closed for a time in the 1870s. Just before the First World War, the town was receiving 70 000 visitors each year.
The town escaped destruction through both world wars. After World War II, Baden-Baden became the headquarters of the French occupation forces in Germany as well as of the Südwestfunk, one of Germany's large public broadcasting stations, now part of Südwestrundfunk. From 23–28 September 1981, the XIth Olympic Congress took place in Baden-Baden's Kurhaus; the Festspielhaus Baden-Baden, Germany's largest opera and concert house, opened in 1998. CFB Baden-Soellingen, a military airfield built in the 1950s in the Upper Rhine Plain, 10 km west of downtown Baden-Baden, was converted into a civil airport in the 1990s. Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport, or Baden Airpark is now the second-largest airport in Baden-Württemberg by number of passengers. /* History */ Rudolf Höss was born here November 25, 1901. He was the Commandant of Auschwitz extermination camp in Poland relieved of command for impregnating a Jewish prisoner, Eleanor Hodys. Hodys was murdered by the Gestapo. Höss was executed in Poland for war crimes April 16, 1947.
In 1981 Baden-Baden hosted the Olympic Congress, which has made the town awarded the designation Olympic town. 1907–1929: Reinhard Fieser 1929–1934: Hermann Elfner 1934–1945: Hans Schwedhelm (when he was not in office because of military service, ma
Gengenbach is a town in the district of Ortenau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and a popular tourist destination on the western edge of the Black Forest with about 11,000 inhabitants. Gengenbach is well known for its traditional Alemanic "fasnacht", a kind of influenced celebration of carnival, where tradition is followed, from wearing costumes with carved wooden masks to clapping with a "Ratsche". Gengenbach boasts a picturesque, medieval town centre; the traditional town Gengenbach is the proud owner of the world's biggest advent calendar. The 24 windows of the 18th century town hall represent the 24 "windows" of an Advent calendar; the town hosts a department of The Graduate School of Offenburg University of Applied Sciences, part of the University of Applied Sciences Offenburg. The nearest cities in the region are Offenburg, Karlsruhe, Baden-Baden and Strasbourg/France. Gengenbach is twinned with the town of Obernai, France. Gengenbach was founded in the 13th century and was an Imperial Free City from 1360 until the Treaty of Lunéville in 1801.
During the closing stages of the 1672-1678 Franco-Dutch War in July 1678, it was the site of a French victory over the Imperialists. Gengenbach is the start point of Gengenbach–Alpirsbach Black Forest Trail and situated at the Kinzigtäler Jakobusweg as well as the Kandelhöhenweg, passing by many landmarks. Furthermore, the city is located at the German Fachwerkstraße; the town was the location of Gengenbach Abbey, founded in the 8th century. Flößerei- und Verkehrsmuseum Museum Haus Löwenberg Narrenmuseum im Niggelturm Kunst- und Paramentenmuseum im Mutterhaus der Franziskanerinnen Wehrgeschichtliches Museum im Kinzigtor Hermann Maas, evangelical pastor Frieder Burda and art collector Otto Lohmüller, painter and author of scout adventure books Helmut Dorner, painter Every year the city hall of Gengenbach is transformed in the worlds largest „Advent calendar house” On the third September weekend the wine festival takes place – every year The “Martinimarkt” is a funfair which takes place in November – for two days