House of Stuart
The House of Stuart Stewart, was a European royal house of Scotland with Breton origin. They had held the office of High Steward of Scotland since Walter FitzAlan in around 1150; the royal Stewart line was founded by Robert II whose descendants were kings and queens of Scotland from 1371 until the union with England in 1707. Mary, Queen of Scots was brought up in France where she adopted the French spelling of the name Stuart. In 1503, James IV married Margaret Tudor, thus linking the royal houses of England. Elizabeth I of England died without issue in 1603, James IV's great grandson James VI of Scotland succeed the thrones of England and Ireland as James I in the Union of the Crowns; the Stuarts were monarchs of the British Isles and its growing empire until the death of Queen Anne in 1714, except for the period of the Commonwealth between 1649 and 1660. In total, nine Stewart/Stuart monarchs ruled Scotland alone from 1371 until 1603; the last ruler of Scotland alone was James VI, who became the first dual monarch of England and Scotland in 1603.
Two Stuart queens ruled the isles following the Glorious Revolution in 1688: Anne. Both were the Protestant daughters of James VII and II by his first wife Anne Hyde and the great-grandchildren of James VI and I, their father had converted to Catholicism and his new wife gave birth to a son in 1688, brought up a Roman Catholic and preceded his half-sisters. But neither had any children who survived to adulthood, so the crown passed to the House of Hanover on the death of Queen Anne in 1714 under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701 and the Act of Security 1704; the name "Stewart" derives from the political position of office similar to a governor, known as a steward. It was adopted as the family surname by Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland, the third member of the family to hold the position. Prior to this, family names were not used, but instead they had patronyms defined through the father; the gallicised spelling was first borne by John Stewart of Darnley after his time in the French wars.
During the 16th century, the French spelling Stuart was adopted by Mary, Queen of Scots, when she was living in France. She sanctioned the change to ensure the correct pronunciation of the Scots version of the name Stewart, because retaining the letter "w" would have made it difficult for French speakers, who followed the Germans in rendering "w" as /v/; the spelling Stuart was used by her second husband, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. The ancestral origins of the Stuart family are obscure—their probable ancestry is traced back to Alan FitzFlaad, a Breton who came over to Great Britain not long after the Norman conquest. Alan had been the hereditary steward of the Bishop of Dol in the Duchy of Brittany; the FitzAlan family established themselves as a prominent Anglo-Norman noble house, with some of its members serving as High Sheriff of Shropshire. It was the great-grandson of Alan named Walter FitzAlan who became the first hereditary High Steward of Scotland, while his brother William's family went on to become Earls of Arundel.
When the civil war in the Kingdom of England, known as The Anarchy, broke out between legitimist claimant Matilda, Lady of the English and her cousin who had usurped her, King Stephen, Walter had sided with Matilda. Another supporter of Matilda was her uncle David I of Scotland from the House of Dunkeld. After Matilda was pushed out of England into the County of Anjou failing in her legitimist attempt for the throne, many of her supporters in England fled also, it was that Walter followed David up to the Kingdom of Scotland, where he was granted lands in Renfrewshire and the title for life of Lord High Steward. The next monarch of Scotland, Malcolm IV, made the High Steward title a hereditary arrangement. While High Stewards, the family were based at Dundonald, South Ayrshire between the 12th and 13th centuries; the sixth High Steward of Scotland, Walter Stewart, married Marjorie, daughter of Robert the Bruce, played an important part in the Battle of Bannockburn gaining further favour. Their son Robert was heir to the House of Bruce, the Lordship of Cunningham and the Bruce lands of Bourtreehill.
In 1503, James IV attempted to secure peace with England by marrying King Henry VII's daughter, Margaret Tudor. The birth of their son James V, brought the House of Stewart into the line of descent of the House of Tudor, the English throne. Margaret Tudor married Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, their daughter, Margaret Douglas, was the mother of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1565, Darnley married his half-cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, the daughter of James V. Darnley's father was Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, a member of the Stewart of Darnley branch of the House. Lennox was a descendant of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland descended from James II, being Mary's heir presumptive, thus Darnley was related to Mary on his father's side and because of this connection, Mary's heirs remained part of the House of Stuart. Following John Stewart of Darnley's ennoblement for his part at the Battle of Baugé in 1421 and the grant of lands to him at Aubigny and Concressault, the Darnley Stewarts' surname was gallicised to Stuart.
Both Mary, Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley had strong claims on the E
1616 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1616. January 1 – King James I of England attends the masque The Golden Age Restored, a satire by Ben Jonson on fallen court favorite the Earl of Somerset; the king asks for a repeat performance on January 4. February 1 – King James I of England grants Ben Jonson an annual pension of 100 marks, making him de facto poet laureate. March 5 – Nicolaus Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium is placed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum by the Roman Catholic Church. March 19 – Sir Walter Ralegh, English explorer of the New World, is released from the Tower of London, where he was imprisoned for treason and has been composing The Historie of the World, in order to conduct a second expedition in search of El Dorado in South America. April 22 – Miguel de Cervantes dies in Madrid and is buried the following day in the Trinitarias convent there. April 23 – William Shakespeare dies in retirement in Stratford-upon-Avon and is buried two days in the Church of the Holy Trinity there.
June 10 – Foundation date of Ets Haim Library, housed from 1675 at the Portuguese Synagogue. August – Christopher Beeston acquires the lease of the Cockpit off Drury Lane in London and converts it into a theatre. October/November – Ben Jonson's satirical five-act comedy The Devil is an Ass is produced at the Blackfriars Theatre, London, by the King's Men, poking fun at contemporary credence in witchcraft. November 6/25 – Ben Jonson's works are published in a collected folio edition. December 25 – Ben Jonson's Christmas, His Masque is presented before King James I of England. George Chapman's translations of Homer issued in piecemeal fashion, are published complete for the first time, as The Whole Works of Homer, the first full English-language edition. Marie Venier, called Laporte, is the first actress to appear on the stage in Paris. Johannes Valentinus Andreae – Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz Anno 1459 Christoph Besold – Axiomata Philosophico-Theologica Dr. John Bullokar – An English Expositor: teaching the interpretation of the hardest words used in our language, with sundry explications and discourses Philipp Clüver – Germania Antiqua Fray Martín de Murúa – Historia General del Pirú Francis de Sales, Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva – Treatise on the Love of God John Deacon – Tobacco Tortured in the Filthy Fumes of Tobacco Refined Thomas Dekker – The Artillery Garden Robert Fludd – Apologia Compendiaria, Fraternitatem de Rosea Cruce suspicionis Johannes Gysius – Oorsprong en voortgang der Nederlandtscher beroerten Ben Jonson – The Workes of Beniamin Ionson Captain John Smith – A Description of New England Giulio Cesare Vanini – De admirandis naturae reginae deaeque mortalium arcanis Anonymous – The Barriers Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher – The Scornful Lady published Gerbrand Adriaensz Bredero – Treur-spel van Rodd'rick ende Alphonsus.
Case Western Reserve University
Case Western Reserve University is a private research university in Cleveland, Ohio. It was created in 1967 through the federation of two longstanding contiguous institutions: Western Reserve University, founded in 1826 and named for its location in the Connecticut Western Reserve, Case Institute of Technology, founded in 1880 through the endowment of Leonard Case, Jr.. Time magazine described the merger as the creation of "Cleveland's Big-Leaguer" university. Seventeen Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Case Western Reserve or one of its two predecessors. In U. S. News & World Report's 2018 rankings, Case Western Reserve was ranked 37th among national universities and 146th among global universities. In 2016, the inaugural edition of The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education ranked Case Western Reserve as 32nd among all universities and 29th among private institutions; the campus is 5 miles east of Downtown Cleveland in the neighborhood known as University Circle, an area encompassing 550 acres containing what has been called the greatest concentration of educational and cultural institutions within one square mile of the United States.
Case Western Reserve has a number of programs taught in conjunction with University Circle institutions, including the Cleveland Clinic, the University Hospitals of Cleveland, the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veteran's Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland Institute of Music, the Cleveland Hearing & Speech Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Institute of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the Cleveland Play House. Severance Hall, home of the Cleveland Orchestra, resides on Case Western Reserve campus. Case Western Reserve is well known for its medical school, business school, dental school, law school, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Department of Biomedical Engineering and its biomedical teaching and research capabilities. Case Western Reserve is a member of the Association of American Universities. Case is a leading institution for research in electrochemical engineering; the famous Michelson–Morley interferometer experiment was conducted in 1887 in the basement of a campus dormitory by Albert A. Michelson of Case School of Applied Science and Edward W. Morley of Western Reserve University.
This experiment proved the non-existence of the luminiferous ether and was understood as convincing evidence in support of special relativity as proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905. Michelson became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in science; the commemorative Michelson-Morley Memorial Fountain as well as an Ohio Historical Marker are located on campus, near where the actual experiment was performed. Case Western Reserve University was created in 1967, when Western Reserve University and Case Institute of Technology, institutions, neighbors for 81 years, formally federated. Western Reserve College, named from the Connecticut Western Reserve, was founded in 1826 in Hudson, Ohio. Western Reserve College, or "Reserve" as it was popularly called, was the first college in northern Ohio. Along with Presbyterian influences of its founding, the school's origins were associated with the pre-Civil War Abolitionist movement due to the influence of President Charles Backus Storrs, Elizur Wright, David Hudson.
In fact, Western Reserve was to first university in Ohio and west of the Appalachian Mountains to enroll and graduate an African American student, John Sykes Fayette. The abolitionist views were so strong, Frederick Douglass gave the commencement speech in 1854. In 1838, the Loomis Observatory was built by astronomer Elias Loomis, today remains the second oldest observatory in the United States. In 1852, the Medical School became the second school in the United States to graduate a woman, Nancy Talbot Clark. Five more women graduated over the next four years, including Emily Blackwell, giving Western Reserve the distinction of graduating six of the first eight female physicians in the United States. By 1875, Cleveland had emerged as the dominant population and business center of the region, the city wanted a prominent higher education institution. In 1882, with funding from Amasa Stone, Western Reserve College moved to Cleveland and changed its name to Adelbert College of Western Reserve University.
Adelbert was the name of Stone's son. In 1877, Leonard Case Jr. began laying the groundwork for the Case School of Applied Science by secretly donating valuable pieces of Cleveland real estate to a trust. He asked his confidential advisor, Henry Gilbert Abbey, to administer the trust and to keep it secret until after his death in 1880. On March 29, 1880, articles of incorporation were filed for the founding of the Case School of Applied Science. Classes began on September 15, 1881; the school received its charter by the state of Ohio in 1882. For the first four years of the school's existence, it was located in the Case family's home on Rockwell Street in downtown Cleveland. Classes were held in the family house, while the chemistry and physics laboratories were on the second floor of the barn. Amasa Stone's gift to relocate Western Reserve College to Cleveland included a provision for the purchase of land in the University Circle area, adjacent to Western Reserve University, for the Case School of Applied Science.
The school relocated to University Circle in 1885. During World War II, Case School of Applied Science was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Nav
Stagecraft is the technical aspect of theatrical and video production. It includes rigging scenery. Stagecraft is distinct from the wider umbrella term of scenography. Considered a technical rather than an artistic field, it is the practical implementation of a scenic designer's artistic vision. In its most basic form, stagecraft may be executed by a single person who arranges all scenery, costumes and sound, organizes the cast. Regional theatres and larger community theatres will have a technical director and a complement of designers, each of whom has a direct hand in their respective designs. Within larger productions, for example a modern Broadway show bringing a show to opening night requires the work of skilled carpenters, electricians, stitchers and the like. Modern stagecraft is technical and specialized: it comprises many sub-disciplines and a vast trove of history and tradition. Greeks were the earliest recorded practitioners of stagecraft. "Skene" is Greek, translating into "scene" or "scenery", refers to a large scenic house, about one story tall, with three doors.
On the audience-side of the Skene, what are now known. Flats developed to two-sided painted flats which would be mounted, centered, on a rotating pin, with rope running around each consecutive pin, so the flats could be turned for a scene-change; the double-sided-flat evolved into the periaktos. As well as flats, the Greeks used such machines as the ekkyklema a platform on wheels, the deus ex machina, a hand-cranked lift to be used to lift a character/scenery over the skene. Over 20 such scenic inventions can be traced back to the Greeks. No light but that of the sun was used. Plays of Medieval times were held in different places such as the streets of towns and cities, performed by traveling, secular troupes; some were held in monasteries, performed by church-controlled groups portraying religious scenes. The playing place could represent many different things such as outdoors, they were played in certain places. Songs and spectacles were used in plays to enhance participation. More modern stagecraft was in developed in England between 1576–1642.
There were three different types of theaters in London – public and court. The size and shape varied but many were suggested to be round theaters. Public playhouses such as the Globe Theatre used rigging housed in a room on the roof to lower and raise in scenery or actors, utilized the raised stage by developing the practice of using trap-doors in theatrical productions. Most of the theatres had circular-design, with an open area above the pit to allow sunlight to enter and light the stage, it was a penny admission to stand in the pit. Prices increase for seating. Court plays were used for special occasions. Proscenium stages, or picture-box stages, were constructed in France around the time of the English Restoration, maintain the place of the most popular form of stage in use to-date, combined elements of the skene in design building a skene on-stage. Lighting of the period would have consisted of candles, used as foot-lights, hanging from chandeliers above the stage. Stagecraft during the Victorian era in England developed with the emergence of the West End.
Prompted by and influx of urbanites in the greater London area, Parliament was forced to do away with previous licensing laws and allowed all theatres to perform straight plays in 1843. Electric lighting and hydraulics were introduced to draw large audiences to see on-stage storms and miraculous transformations. Technologies developed during the latter part of the 19th-century paved the way for the development of special effects to be used in film. Lighting continued to develop. In England, a form lamp using a blowpipe to heat lime to incandescence was developed, for navigation purposes – it was soon adapted to theatrical performances and the limelight became a widespread form of artificial light for theatres. To control the focus of the light, a Fresnel lens was used. Intended to replace large, convex lenses in lighthouses, Dr. Fresnel sectioned out the convex lens in a series of circles, like tree-rings, keeping the angle of the specific section, moved the section much closer to the flat side of the convex lens.
After candles, came gas lighting, utilizing pipes with small openings which were lit before every performance, could be dimmed by controlling the flow of gas, so long as the flame never went out. With the turn of the 20th century, many theatre companies making the transition from gas to electricity would install the new system right next to the old one, resulting in many explosions and fires due to the electricity igniting the gas lines. Modern theatrical lighting is electrically-based. Many lamps and lighting instruments are in use today, the field is becoming one of the most diverse and complex in the industry. Stagecraft comprises many disciplines divided into a number of main disciplines: Lighting: Lighting design, which involves the process of determining the angle, intensity and color of light for a given scene. Hanging, focusing and maintenance of lighting and special effects equipment, aspects of show control Make-up/Wigs: The application of makeup and wigs to accentuate an actor's features.
Oberon is a king of the fairies in medieval and Renaissance literature. He is best known as a character in William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream, in which he is Consort to Titania, Queen of the Fairies. Oberon's status as king of the fairies comes from the character of Alberich, a sorcerer in the legendary history of the Merovingian dynasty. In the legend, he is the otherworldly "brother" of Merowech, whose name is the eponym of the Merovingians but whose actual existence is unproven. Alberich wins for his eldest son, the hand of a princess of Constantinople. In the Nibelungenlied, a Burgundian poem written around the turn of the 13th century, Alberich guards the treasure of the Nibelungen, but is overcome by Siegfried; the name Oberon is first attested to in the early 13th century chanson de geste entitled Les Prouesses et faitz du noble Huon de Bordeaux, wherein it refers to an elven man of the forest encountered by the eponymous hero. Huon, son of Seguin count of Bordeaux, passed through the forest inhabited by Oberon.
He was warned by a hermit not to speak to Oberon, but his courtesy had him answer Oberon's greetings, so gain his aid in his quest. Huon had killed Charlot, the Emperor's son, in self-defense, so he must visit the court of the amir of Babylon and perform various feats to win a pardon, he succeeds only with Oberon's aid. This elf is dwarfish in height, though handsome, he explains that, at his christening, an offended fairy cursed him to dwarfish height but relented and gave him great beauty as compensation. Alberich features as a dwarf in the Nibelungen; the real Seguin was Count of Bordeaux under Louis the Pious in 839, died fighting against the Normans in 845. Charles l'Enfant, a son of Charles the Bald, died in 866 of wounds inflicted by a certain Aubouin in the circumstances of an ambush similar to the Charlot of the story. Thus, Oberon appears in a 13th-century French courtly fantasy, based on a shred of 9th century fact, he is given some Celtic trappings, such as a magical cup, full for the virtuous.
"The magic cup supplied their evening meal. In this story, he is said to be the child of Julius Caesar. A manuscript of the romance in the city of Turin contains a prologue to the story of Huon de Bordeaux in the shape of a separate romance of Auberon and four sequels, there are French versions, as well. Shakespeare saw or heard of the French heroic song through the c. 1540 translation of John Bourchier, Lord Berners, called Huon of Burdeuxe. In Philip Henslowe's diary, there is a note of a performance of a play Hewen of Burdocize on 28 December 1593. In William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream Oberon is the king of all of the fairies and is engaged in a dispute with his wife Titania, the fairy queen, they are arguing over custody of a child. Titania wants to keep and raise the child for the sake of her mortal friend and follower who died giving birth to him. To make it look as if he didn't disappear, Titania put a fairy in his place; because Oberon and Titania are both powerful spirits connected to nature, their feuding disrupts the weather.
Titania describes the consequences of their fighting: Oberon tricks Titania into giving him back the child using the juice from a special flower that makes you "madly dote upon the next live thing that it sees". The flower was accidentally struck by Cupid's arrow when he attempted to shoot a young maiden in a field, instead infusing the flower with love. Oberon sends Puck, to fetch the flower, which he does successfully. Furious that Titania will not give him the child, he puts juice from a magical flower into her eyes while she is asleep; the effect of the juice will cause Titania to fall in love with the first live thing. Titania awakens and finds herself madly in love with Bottom, an actor from the rude mechanicals whose head was just transformed into that of a donkey, thanks to a curse from Puck. Meanwhile, two couples have entered the forest: Lovers Hermia and Lysander are pursued by Demetrius, who loves Hermia, Helena, who loves Demetrius. Oberon witnesses Demetrius rejecting Helena, admires her amorous determination, decides to help her.
He sends Puck to put some of the juice in Demetrius's eyes, describing him as “a youth in Athenian clothing”, to make him fall in love with Helena. Puck finds Lysander –, a youth wearing Athenian clothing – and puts the love potion on Lysander's eyes; when Lysander wakes, he falls in love with her. Meanwhile, Demetrius has been anointed with the flower and awakes to see Helena, pursued by Lysander, a fight breaks out between the two young men. Oberon is furious with Puck, casts a sleeping spell on the forest, making Puck reverse the potion on Lysander, admonishing Puck to not reverse the effects on Demetrius. Both begin the journey back to Athens. Oberon now looks upon Titania and her lover and feels sorry for what he has done, he reverses the spell using a magic herb. When she wakes, she is confused. Oberon explains that the dream was real, the two reunite happily, they return to Athens in the epilogue to bless the couples, becoming once again the benevolent fairy king and queen. Oberon is a character in The Scottish History of a play written c. 1590 by Robert Greene.
In 1610, Ben Jonson wrote a masque of the Faery Prince. It was performed by Henry Frederick Stuart
Thomas Augustine Arne was an English composer. He is best known for his patriotic song Rule Britannia, a version of God Save the King, which became the British national anthem, the song A-Hunting We Will Go. Arne was a leading British theatre composer of the 18th century, working at Drury Lane and Covent Garden. Arne was born to a Church of England father and a Roman Catholic mother in Covent Garden, baptised at St Paul's, Covent Garden. Arne's father and grandfather were both upholsterers and both held office in the Worshipful Company of Upholders of the City of London, his grandfather died in the debtors' prison of Marshalsea. His father earned enough money not only to rent 31 King Street, a large house in Covent Garden, but to have Arne educated at Eton College, but in life, he too lost most of his money and had to supplement his income by acting as a numberer of the boxes at the Drury Lane Theatre. Arne was so keen on music that he smuggled a spinet into his room and, damping the sounds with his handkerchief, would secretly practise during the night while the rest of the family slept.
He dressed up as a liveryman in order to gain access to the gallery of the Italian Opera. It was at the opera that Arne first met the musician and composer Michael Festing, a major influence on him. Festing not only taught him to play the violin, but took him to various musical events, including going to compete against Thomas Roseingrave for the post of organist at Hanover Square, a visit to Oxford in 1733 to hear George Frideric Handel's oratorio Athalia. Upon leaving school, Arne was articled to a solicitor for three years. However, Arne's father discovered his son leading a group of musicians at what was one of Festing's musical gatherings. Following this disclosure of his son's real interest and talent, he was persuaded to allow the young Arne to give up his legal career and to pursue music as a living. Between 1733 and 1776, Arne wrote music for about 90 stage works, including plays, masques and opera. Many of his dramatic scores are now lost in the disastrous fire at Covent Garden in 1808.
Arne's sister, Susannah Maria Arne, was a famous contralto, who performed in some of his works, including his first opera, Rosamund. With their brother Richard, they would perform Arne's works together. Arne was a Freemason and active in the organisation, which has long been centred in the Covent Garden area of London, where Arne lived for many years. Arne's Catholicism meant that he never composed music for the Church of England, unlike most other leading English composers of his time. On 15 March 1737, Arne married singer Cecilia Young, whose sister, Isabella was the wife of John Frederick Lampe. During this period Arne's operas and masques became popular, he received the patronage of Frederick, Prince of Wales, at whose country home, the Masque of Alfred, featuring "Rule Britannia", was debuted in 1740. In 1741, Arne filed a complaint in Chancery pertaining to a breach of musical copyright and claimed that some of his theatrical songs had been printed and sold by Henry Roberts and John Johnson, the London booksellers and music distributors.
The matter was settled out of court. Arne was one of the first composers to have appealed to the law over copyright issues. In 1750, after an argument with David Garrick, Susannah left Drury Lane for Covent Garden Theatre, Arne followed. In 1755 during a period spent in Dublin, he separated from Cecilia, who, he alleged, was mentally ill, he began a relationship with one of Charlotte Brent, a soprano and former child prodigy. Brent performed in several of Arne's works, including the role of Sally in his 1760 opera Thomas and Sally and Mandane in his 1762 opera Artaxerxes. Brent and Arne went their separate ways and she married a violinist named Thomas Pinto in 1766. During the 1760s Arne collaborated with the Irish writer Isaac Bickerstaffe. Thomas and Sally was the first English comic opera. Artaxerxes was one of the most successful and influential English operas of the 18th century and is the only known attempt to write an Italianate, Metastasian opera seria, in the English language. Mozart saw it in 1764.
Wolfgang said. It was performed in London into the 1830s and it was the most popular full-length English opera before the 20th century. In a 1791 visit to London, Joseph Haydn was impressed by a performance of Artaxerxes he attended and admitted that he had no idea such an opera existed in the English language. I In 1769 Arne composed the song Soft Flowing Avon, with lyrics by Garrick, for the Shakespeare Jubilee held by Garrick in Stratford-upon-Avon to commemorate the life of William Shakespeare. In 1777, shortly before his death and his wife were reconciled, they had one son, Michael Arne, a composer. Arne is buried at Covent Garden, London. A blue plaque, unveiled in 1988, commemorates Arne at 31 King Street in Covent Garden. List of compositions by Thomas Arne McVeigh, Simon. Concert Life in London from Mozart to Haydn. Cambridge University Press, 1993. Thomas Arne at Encyclopædia Britannica Family History Page by a descendant of Arne Thomas Augustine Arne on the Classical Composers Database Works by Thomas Arne in the University of North Texas Virtual Rare Book Room Thomas Arne at Find a Grave Sheet musicFree scores by Thomas Arne at the International Music Score Library Project The Mutopia Project has compo
1605 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1605. January 1 – The Queen's Revels Children perform George Chapman's All Fools at the court of King James I of England. January 6 – First performance of The Masque of Blackness at the Banqueting Hall, Whitehall Palace; the cast includes Lady Mary Wroth. January 7 – The King's Men perform Shakespeare's Henry V at court. January 8 – Ben Jonson's Every Man Out of His Humour is performed at court by the King's Men. January – King's Men perform Love's Labor's Lost before Queen Anne. January 16 – The first part of Miguel de Cervantes' satire on the theme of chivalry, Don Quixote, purporting to be translated from Arabic by Cide Hamete Benengeli, written in Castilian dialects of Old Spanish and printed by Juan de la Cuesta in 1604, is published by publisher-bookseller Francisco de Robles in Madrid. One of the first significant novels in the western literary tradition, it becomes a global bestseller at once and new editions, both authorized and pirated, are produced across the Iberian Peninsula by the end of the year.
February 2 – The King's Men give a repeat performance of Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour at court. February 10 and February 12 – Performances of The Merchant of Venice are given at court. May 30 – John Spottiswoode becomes a member of the Scottish privy council. August 27–August 30 – King James I, Queen Anne, their son Prince Henry visit the University of Oxford. Gentlemen from St John's and Christ Church colleges entertain the royals with a series of plays, including an early example of perspective scenery; the big hit of the visit is Samuel Daniel's The Queen's Arcadia. Matthew Gwinne's Latin play Vertumnus puts James to sleep. October – First publication of Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien by Johann Carolus in Strasbourg regarded as the world's first newspaper. De Nieuwe Tijdinghen, a Dutch proto-newspaper, is also published this year. Richard Rowlands publishes A Restitution of Decayed Intelligence in Antiquities concerning the most noble and renowned English Nation in Antwerp including the first English language account of the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin.
Johannes Huser of Waldkirch publishes a collected edition of Paracelsus's works. Luis de Góngora is ordained as a priest; the Rose theatre in London is abandoned. Anonymous – Ratsey's Ghost Johann Arndt – Vier Bücher vom wahren Christenthum Francis Bacon – The Advancement of Learning William Camden – Remaines of a Greater Worke, Concerning Britaine Miguel de Cervantes – Don Quixote Melchior Goldast – Suevicarum rerum scriptores Garcilaso de la Vega – Historia de la Florida Anonymous The Fair Maid of Bristow The First Part of Hieronimo The History of Richard Whittington, of his lowe byrth, his great fortune The True Chronicle History of King Leir The London Prodigal Robert Armin and others – Fool upon Fool George Chapman, Ben Jonson and John Marston – Eastward Hoe George Chapman – All Fools Henry Chettle and Thomas Heywood – The Trial of Chivalry Samuel Daniel – The Queen's Arcadia Thomas Dekker and John Webster – Northward Ho Thomas Heywood – If You Know Not Me, You Know Nobody Ben Jonson The Masque of Blackness Sejanus John Marston – The Dutch Courtesan published Thomas Middleton – A Yorkshire Tragedy Samuel Rowley – When You See Me, You Know Me Samuel Daniel – Certain Small Poems John Davies of Hereford – Humours Heav'n on Earth June – Thomas Randolph, English poet and dramatist July 29 – Simon Dach, German poet and hymnist July 25 – Theodore Haak, German-born Calvinist translator and natural philosopher September 12 – William Dugdale, English antiquary and herald October 19 – Sir Thomas Browne, English writer and polymath November – François Combefis, French Dominican patrologist November 4 – Thomas Nabbes, English dramatist Unknown dates Walter Blith, English writer on husbandry John Gauden, English writer and bishop William Habington, English poet Sor Marcela de San Félix, Spanish poet and nun Probable year of birth – Hugh Paulinus de Cressy, English church scholar March 26 – Jakob Ayrer, German dramatist April 6 – John Stow, English historian May – Edward Lively, English linguist and Bible scholar September 9 – Heinrich Khunrath, German alchemist and philosopher September 23 – Pontus de Tyard, French poet October 13 – Theodore Beza, French Protestant theologian Unknown dates William Haughton, English dramatist Lodewijk Toeput, Flemish painter and poet