An object database is a database management system in which information is represented in the form of objects as used in object-oriented programming. Object databases are different from relational databases. Object-relational databases are a hybrid of both approaches. Object databases have been considered since the early 1980s. Object-oriented database management systems called ODBMS combine database capabilities with object-oriented programming language capabilities. OODBMSs allow object-oriented programmers to develop the product, store them as objects, replicate or modify existing objects to make new objects within the OODBMS; because the database is integrated with the programming language, the programmer can maintain consistency within one environment, in that both the OODBMS and the programming language will use the same model of representation. Relational DBMS projects, by way of contrast, maintain a clearer division between the database model and the application; as the usage of web-based technology increases with the implementation of Intranets and extranets, companies have a vested interest in OODBMSs to display their complex data.
These included ITASCA, Matisse, Objectivity/DB, ObjectStore, ONTOS, O2, POET, Versant Object Database, VOSS and JADE. Some of these products remain on the market and have been joined by new open source and commercial products such as InterSystems Caché. Object database management systems added the concept of persistence to object programming languages; the early commercial products were integrated with various languages: GemStone, Vbase and VOSS. For much of the 1990s, C++ dominated the commercial object database management market. Vendors added Java in the late 1990s and more C#. Starting in 2004, object databases have seen a second growth period when open source object databases emerged that were affordable and easy to use, because they are written in OOP languages like Smalltalk, Java, or C#, such as Versant's db4o, DTS/S1 from Obsidian Dynamics and Perst, available under dual open source and commercial licensing. 1966 MUMPS 1979 InterSystems M 1980 TORNADO – an object database for CAD/CAM 1982 Gemstone started to build a set theoretic model data base machine.
1985 – Term Object Database first introduced 1986 Servio Logic Ships Gemstone 1.0 1988 Object Design, Incorporated founded, development of ObjectStore begun Versant Corporation started Objectivity, Inc. founded Early 1990s Servio Logic changes name to Gemstone Systems Gemstone -- GBase VBase Objectivity/DB Mid 1990s InterSystems Caché Versant Object Database ODABA ZODB Poet JADE Matisse Illustra Informix 2000s lambda-DB: An ODMG-Based Object-Oriented DBMS by Leonidas Fegaras, Chandrasekhar Srinivasan, Arvind Rajendran, David Maier db4o project started by Carl Rosenberger ObjectDB 2001 IBM acquires Informix 2003 odbpp public release 2004 db4o's commercial launch as db4objects, Inc. 2008 db4o acquired by Versant Corporation 2010 VMware acquires GemStone 2012 Wakanda first production versions with open source and commercial licenses 2013 GemTalk Systems acquires Gemstone products from VMware 2014 Realm Object databases based on persistent programming acquired a niche in application areas such as engineering and spatial databases, telecommunications, scientific areas such as high energy physics and molecular biology.
Another group of object databases focuses on embedded use in devices, packaged software, real-time systems. Most object databases offer some kind of query language, allowing objects to be found using a declarative programming approach, it is in the area of object query languages, the integration of the query and navigational interfaces, that the bigg
The 1982–83 Washington State Cougars men's basketball team represented Washington State University for the 1982–83 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. Led by eleventh-year head coach George Raveling, the Cougars were members of the Pacific-10 Conference and played their home games on campus at Beasley Coliseum in Pullman, Washington; the Cougars were 22 -- 6 overall in 14 -- 4 in conference play. There was no conference tournament this season, they had a chance to tie the Bruins for the title, but lost by a point to rival Washington in Seattle to end the regular season. After missing it the previous two seasons, WSU was invited to the 52-team NCAA Tournament and were seeded eighth in the West region. WSU's only two non-conference losses were to Big Sky teams, neighbor Idaho and Montana, both on the road in December; the Cougars defeated Weber by ten points. The next opponent was the top seed in the West, #4 Virginia with center Ralph Sampson, who had a first-round bye; the Cougars lost by five points.
Washington State's 23–7 record was their best in 42 years, since the national runner-up team of 1941 went 26–6. Raveling was the national runner-up for AP coach of the year. In early April, he left Pullman to succeed Lute Olsen at Iowa in the Big Ten Conference. A third-round selection the 1983 NBA draft, senior guard/forward Craig Ehlo had a fourteen-year career in the NBA. WSU's next NCAA appearance was eleven years away under head coach Kelvin Sampson. Sports Reference – Washington State Cougars: 1982–83 basketball season
The Berkeley Historical Plaque Project, founded in 1997, is a Berkeley, California non-profit 501 organization whose mission is to document Berkeley’s history through plaques identifying locations of historical import. Sponsors include the City of Berkeley, Berkeley’s Landmarks Preservation Commission, the Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association and the Berkeley Historical Society. Project members work with building owners to develop and install distinctive oval green enamel plaques identifying the names and significance of historic buildings. Rectangular plaques with a cream-white background color identify sites of historic interest and include an historic photo image of the site. In 2002 the Project was given a “President’s Award” by the California Preservation Foundation “in recognition of outstanding achievement in the field of Historic Preservation.” That same year the Mayor and Berkeley’s City Council commended Project members for “their tireless efforts to make Berkeley’s history a vital part of our present community.”
In 2012 the Plaque Project launched a website documenting its work. Plaques are linked to interactive maps. Texts are accompanied by historic photos and links to external articles and videos; the website expands the Project’s reach into the realm of “e-Plaques” that document historic buildings, homes of notable Berkeley residents, unique natural phenomena. Crowd-sourcing is used to expand the photos. With viewer contributions, over time this section will evolve into a collaborative portrait of Berkeley. Official website
The World Green Building Council is a non-profit organisation and global network of national Green Building Councils. It has member councils in over 70 countries worldwide; the organisation is committed to achieving the following goals by 2050: limiting global temperature rises to 2 degrees Celsius. These goals will ensure the buildings and construction sector plays its part in delivering on the ambition of the Paris Agreement. In 1993, the first Green Building Council was founded in the US, formed by Rick Fedrizzi, David Gottfried and Mike Italiano with a mission to promote sustainability-focused practices in the building and construction industry. Around the world, other green leaders in the industry looked at the impact of the USGBC and decided to start similar movements in their own countries, led by a GBC. Individuals from across the globe were supported by the USGBC. Gottfried seeded and managed the formation of the “United Nations of the Green Building Councils” with the mission of supporting the development of GBCs, uniting them with a common voice and purpose.
In 1999, the founding meeting of WorldGBC was held in California, US. In 2002, WorldGBC was formed with eight founding GBCs: Australia, Canada, Japan, Spain, USA. In 2007, a Secretariat for WorldGBC was formally established in Toronto, Canada, supported by the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority – which continues to work with WorldGBC. Start-up funding of over $1 million per year for three years was provided by the Government of Ontario. Since WorldGBC has seen growth and evolution in its focus and structure. In 2009, WorldGBC launched three membership levels. In 2010 a Corporate Advisory Board was formed to deliver strategic insight from the industry to the WorldGBC Board. By 2012, there were 71 member GBCs; the WorldGBC began to produce reports such as The Business Case for Green Building in 2013 and Health and Productivity in Offices in 2014. In 2015, the WorldGBC Board agreed a new strategic plan for the organisation with five focus areas: Membership. WorldGBC's mission is to "create green buildings for everyone, everywhere" - enabling people to thrive both today and tomorrow.
WorldGBC has a board of directors, comprising building industry professionals who hold senior positions on the staff or boards of member GBCs. The board's role is to advise and oversee WorldGBC's organisational strategy and governance, to ensure it is operating as a not for profit organisation and delivering on its mission. GBCs are independent, non-profit organisations made up of businesses and organisations working in the building and construction industry; as members of WorldGBC, they work to advance green building in their own countries, as well as working with other GBCs to achieve environmental and social goals on a larger, global scale. GBCs are organised into five Regional Networks - powerful, collaborative platforms where they can exchange knowledge, generate new ideas and design solutions that speed up green building in their own markets and across the region. WorldGBC's five main areas are the Americas, Asia Pacific and the Middle East and North Africa. Member GBCs stand at one of WorldGBC's three levels of development: Prospective and Established.
WorldGBC's Corporate Advisory Board is a select group of companies which are leaders on sustainability and which serve to guide WorldGBC on its strategy and activities. The financial support of the Corporate Advisory Board enables WorldGBC to advance green buildings as an effective solution to environmental and economic issues, help member Green Building Councils to grow and flourish. There are members of the Corporate Advisory Board: AkzoNobel, City Developments Ltd, JLL, JPMorgan Chase, Keppel Land, Majid Al Futtaim, Saint-Gobain, Shaw Contract, United Technologies Corporation and Volvo Construction Equipment. In addition to its Corporate Advisory Board, WorldGBC has a range of other supporters such as global project sponsors, regional project sponsors, regional partners and pro bono supporters. WorldGBC has 17 members of staff, based in two main offices, in Toronto; the organisation is led by CEO Terri Wills. Five members of staff are regional heads, based in Colombia, Singapore and Jordan.
WorldGBC's global projects enable GBCs to work together to tackle key environmental and societal challenges. Current global projects include'Advancing Net Zero', which aims to promote and support the acceleration of net zero carbon buildings to 100% by 2050. WorldGBC is a delivery partner on the'Building Efficiency Accelerator', a partnership of businesses, NGOs and multilateral organisations, which aims to help cities take action to improve their buildings. WorldGBC has projects which are specific to each of its five regions. Current regional projects include the Energy Efficiency Mortgage Action Plan initiative in Europe, exploring the link between energy efficiency and borrower's reduced probability of default and the increase in value of energy efficient properties. World Green Building
Mina is an album by Italian singer Mina released in 1971. The album is one of the singer's most successful, yielding the hit singles "Amor Mio" and "Grande grande grande" and outselling every other album release in 1972. Mina – vocals Pino Presti – arranger/conductor in "E penso a te" and "Grande grande grande" Augusto Martelli – arranger/conductor in "Le farfalle della notte" and "Sentimentale" Gian Piero Reverberi – arranger/conductor in "Capirò", "Amor mio" and "Mi fai sentire cosi strana" Mario Robbiani – arranger/conductor in "Non ho parlato mai", "Alfie", "Al cuore non comandi mai", "Something" and "Vacanze" Nuccio Rinaldis – sound engineer
Luis Francisco( Ojeda is a well-known Puerto Rican television, radio reporter and host, noted for his aggressive, uncompromising questioning and sometimes described as the Puerto Rican George Clooney. Ojeda was born in Jayuya, he moved to Ponce. While studying in high school, he got his first opportunity to talk live in a daily show, becoming a newscaster for Ponce's WPAB radio station. Ojeda signed a contract with WAPA in 1960, moved to San Juan, he worked at WAPA as newscaster until 1968. While there, he had to cover the historic riots at the University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedras in 1971. In one of the incidents covered by Ojeda a shooting ensued, Ojeda, in the middle of the shootout, rescued a police lieutenant, shot. Despite his efforts, the police officer died from his gunshot wounds in the back of the remote unit truck while Ojeda was broadcasting his and his driver's frantic rush to the nearest emergency room live. Ojeda was offered a job as the news director and anchorman of Telemundo Puerto Rico's television news show.
He decided, not to take the job, opting instead to join governor Rafael Hernández Colón's staff, as a member of Puerto Rico's Communications Office. Ojeda needed to work as a journalist, and, by 1973, he decided to step in front of the television cameras for the first time, working at channel 11's news show. Not long after Ojeda joined channel 11, the channel's owner had died and the station went bankrupt, so Ojeda signed on with WAPA-TV to work as a field reporter at Noticentro 4. Ojeda spent most of his time at Noticentro 4 travelling across Puerto Rico, working as an on-the-field reporter, but he sporadically got chances to host the show filling in for a sick anchorman or woman, he worked on various tragedies, government scandals and other types of news while at Noticentro 4 pioneering investigative reporting in Puerto Rican television. In 1987, he was given his own television talk show, Sin Limites, he became known for his strong questioning of participants of the show, the show produced a number of classic moments of Puerto Rican television.
C. the PNP's Carlos Romero Barceló and the PPD's Miguel Hernandez Agosto got into a shouting match, calling each other "liar" multiple times and physically assaulting each other. After his show was cancelled, Ojeda continued Sin Limites as a radio show, on WKAQ-Radio. In 2000, he returned to television, with a show named Ojeda, once again at WAPA-TV, which, by had the new name of Televicentro. On, he was offered a fifteen-minute space on Televicentro's midday variety show, Mediodía Puerto Rico, where he would accept calls from the public in a segment called "La Descarga". In this segment Don Eleuterio, comedian Sunshine Logroño's alter ego and changes his name trying to pass as another person from the public. Ojeda of course recognizes his voice. Don Eleuterio usually praises the American people and picks on Ojeda for being an "independista". Ojeda now collaborates on a new radio station show as well; as of May 15, 2009, Ojeda broadcast his last "descarga" and on the air tendered his resignation in response to the cancellation of the remaining local programs and the dismissal of Junior Alvarez over comments made of mistreatment in part of the vice-president of programming, Jimmy Arteaga, of Peruvian descent.