click links in text for more info

Obligate aerobe

An obligate aerobe is an organism that requires oxygen to grow. Through cellular respiration, these organisms use oxygen to metabolise substances, like sugars or fats, to obtain energy. In this type of respiration, oxygen serves as the terminal electron acceptor for the electron transport chain. Aerobic respiration has the advantage of yielding more energy than fermentation or anaerobic respiration, but obligate aerobes are subject to high levels of oxidative stress. Examples of obligately aerobic bacteria include and Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Nocardia asteroides. With the exception of the yeasts, most fungi are obligate aerobes. All algae are obligate aerobes. Aerobic respiration Anaerobic respiration Fermentation Obligate anaerobe Facultative anaerobe Microaerophile

Completely metrizable space

In mathematics, a metrizable space is a topological space for which there exists at least one metric d on X such, a complete metric space and d induces the topology T. The term topologically complete space is employed by some authors as a synonym for metrizable space, but sometimes used for other classes of topological spaces, like uniformizable spaces or Čech-complete spaces; the difference between metrizable space and complete metric space is in the words there exists at least one metric in the definition of metrizable space, not the same as there is given a metric. Once we make the choice of the metric on a metrizable space, we get a complete metric space. In other words, the category of metrizable spaces is a subcategory of that of topological spaces, while the category of complete metric spaces is not. Complete metrizability is a topological property; the space ⊂ R, the open unit interval, is not a complete metric space with its usual metric inherited from R, but it is metrizable since it is homeomorphic to R.

The set Q of rational numbers is metrizable but not metrizable. A topological space X is metrizable if and only if X is metrizable and a Gδ in its Stone–Čech compactification βX. A subspace of a metrizable space X is metrizable if and only if it is Gδ in X. A countable product of nonempty metrizable spaces is metrizable in the product topology if and only if each factor is metrizable. Hence, a product of nonempty metrizable spaces is metrizable if and only if at most countably many factors have more than one point and each factor is metrizable. For every metrizable space there exists a metrizable space containing it as a dense subspace, since every metric space has a completion. In general, there are many such metrizable spaces, since completions of a topological space with respect to different metrics compatible with its topology can give topologically different completions; when talking about spaces with more structure than just topology, like topological groups, the natural meaning of the words “completely metrizable” would arguably be the existence of a complete metric, compatible with that extra structure, in addition to inducing its topology.

For abelian topological groups and topological vector spaces, “compatible with the extra structure” might mean that the metric is invariant under translations. However, no confusion can arise when talking about an abelian topological group or a topological vector space being metrizable: it can be proven that every abelian topological group, metrizable as a topological space admits an invariant complete metric that induces its topology; this implies e. g. that every metrizable topological vector space is complete. Indeed, a topological vector space is called complete iff. Complete metric space Completely uniformizable space Metrizable space

Erastus Corning Tower

The Erastus Corning Tower known as the Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd Tower or the Corning Tower, is a skyscraper located in downtown Albany, New York. Completed in 1973 and sided with Vermont Pearl marble and glass, the state office building is part of the Empire State Plaza. At 589 feet and 44 stories in height, it is the tallest skyscraper in the state of New York outside of New York City. Erastus Corning 2nd, the building's namesake, was the mayor of Albany for over 40 years from 1941 to 1983; the tower was dedicated to him in March 1983 during his hospitalization. Before that dedication, it was known as the "Tower Building"; the Corning Tower houses the New York State Department of Health and the New York State Office of General Services. Two New York State Department of Transportation traffic cameras are located on the building to monitor nearby traffic conditions. From 2000 to 2004, it was the tallest structure in the World Almanac's list of "Other Tall Buildings in North American Cities". An observation deck is located on the Corning Tower's 42nd floor.

It offers expansive views of Albany, the Hudson River, the surrounding area. Panels below the windows give information about the visible landmarks; the observation deck, does not feature a 360-degree view because it has no windows on the west side. A nonstop elevator to the 42nd floor reaches a speed of 26 km/h; the deck is open to the public for free Monday through Friday from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Visitors can access the observation deck via the plaza or concourse levels. Upon taking office in 2010, Governor Andrew Cuomo eliminated a photo ID requirement. Empire State Plaza New York State Capitol Building New York State Museum The Egg Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception List of tallest buildings in Albany, New York List of tallest buildings in Upstate New York Notes Sources Erastus Corning Tower at Emporis Buildings Erastus Corning 2nd Biography at Corning Tower Observation Deck NYS DOT Corning Tower East Traffic Camera NYS DOT Corning Tower North Traffic Camera 3d model

Teeline Shorthand

Teeline is a shorthand system developed in 1968 by James Hill, a teacher of Pitman Shorthand. It is accepted by the National Council for the Training of Journalists, which certifies the training of journalists in the United Kingdom, it is used within the Commonwealth, but can be adapted for use by Germanic languages such as German and Swedish. Its strength over other forms of shorthand is fast learning, speeds of up to 150 words per minute are possible, with it being common for users to create their own word groupings, increasing their speed. Teeline shorthand is a streamlined way to transcribe the spoken word by removing unnecessary letters from words and making the letters themselves faster to write. Vowels are removed when they are not the first or last letter of a word, silent letters are ignored. Common prefixes and letter groupings are reduced to single symbols; the symbols themselves are derived from the old cursive forms of the letter and the unnecessary parts are again stripped leaving only the core of the letter left.

Unlike phonetics based shorthands, such as Pitman, Teeline is a spelling based system. Teeline differs from many shorthand systems by basing itself on the alphabet as opposed to phonetics, making it simpler to learn but carrying the speed limitations of the alphabet when compared to other systems. However, it is common to find some phonetics spellings used. For example, ph is just written as an f, so the word phase would be written as if it were spelt fase; this coincides with the creator's intentions of streamlining it as much as possible. As with many shorthand systems, there are few strict rules on how to write it, so it is common for users to make personal adaptations for their own use. Certain letters have specific meanings as well as their traditional alphabetic value, as shown in the table below. Note: there may be some regional and linguistic additions to these. Teeline eliminates unnecessary letters, so that the remaining letters can be written in one swift, sweeping movement. People who use it daily will run words together: proficient users develop their own forms for common phrases, such as "more and more people" and "in the end".

It is possible to write most words using basic Teeline theory, which consists of the alphabet and vowel indicators, but learning advanced Teeline theory allows users to increase their speed to well in excess of 100 words per minute. Examples of Teeline theory include blending of the R principle. Doubling is commonly used in Teeline - this involves lengthening the outlines for D, T, L, M and W to indicate that an R comes after these outlines - for example, the "D" outline becomes "DR" when it is lengthened, "M" becomes "MR". Speed can be increased through the use of reduced suffixes and prefixes that occur such as "under-", "multi-" and "trans-", along with "-nce", "nch", "-able" and "-ing". Alastair Campbell used Teeline to write his diaries while serving as spokesman for UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, he has claimed to have 120 wpm ability. Campbell's tutor reported that he was first in his class, reaching 100 wpm before others, but political pundit Roy Campbell-Greenslade has questioned the value of shorthand in the digital era, noting an instance where a reporter's scrawl could not be read by a court-appointed Teeline expert.

British MP Meg Hillier has said she wields Teeline at 100 wpm and is wary of any reporter who fires questions at her faster than she herself could jot down. Jon Harris of Cavendish Press says training programs that omit Teeline are short-changing their trainees. "Shorthand makes for a more rounded reporter. Teeline appears on the cover of the album The Gaelic Chronicles by The Budapest Cafe Orchestra. Fiddler Christian Garrick said he was astounded to find a reporter using shorthand during an interview and asked her to scrawl the words for the album cover

Ernest Currie

Ernest William Currie was a New Zealand-born rugby union international for Australia and a first-class cricketer. Currie, born in Dunedin, represented Otago in six first-class cricket matches during the 1894/95 and 1893/94 New Zealand cricket seasons, as a wicket-keeper, he was regarded as one of New Zealand's best wicket-keepers of his time, "a lightning hand behind the sticks". After moving to Australia, he appeared in one further first-class match for Queensland, against New South Wales at the Sydney Cricket Ground in 1899. Currie, a scrum-half, claimed one international rugby cap for Australia, he played against Great Britain, at Brisbane, on 22 July 1899, the second Test match played by an Australian national side. His performance in that match was noted as "excellent" by the press, he and his wife Annie had two daughters. List of Otago representative cricketers Cricinfo: Ernest Currie

The Sea of Grass (film)

The Sea of Grass is a 1947 Western drama film set in the American Southwest. It was based on the 1936 novel of the same name by Conrad Richter; the film stars Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy, Melvyn Douglas. Kazan was displeased with the resulting film and discouraged people from seeing it; the film opens in Missouri, on Lutie Cameron's wedding day. She has had a short courtship with a cattle rancher of New Mexico; as she dresses, she receives a telegram from her fiancé Col. Brewton telling her to board the train for New Mexico to marry him in the small town of Salt Fork; the first person she meets in town is Brice Chamberlain, who warns her of unhappiness with Brewton, locally considered a tyrant. He takes her to the courthouse, where she sees Brewton testifying against a settler who had tried to stake a claim to part of the government-owned land where Brewton runs his cattle. Back at the ranch, Brewton takes her out to see the vast prairie, he explains how he had fought with Indians to make it fit for ranching.

He runs his cattle on government-owned land, opposes homesteaders because he believes the Great Plains do not get enough rain to sustain farming. Lutie struggles to understand Brewton's attraction to the forbidding prairie, but she tries to make the most of her new home, she convinces Brewton to allow a family of settlers onto the ranch, because she had befriended one of them. Brewton warns her that the settlers will not last more than six months, due to some unforeseeable, but certain, circumstance; when Lutie visits the settlers as they build their sod house, she is surprised to see Chamberlain. He is visiting the settlers, he confesses his attraction to her. Lutie confesses her struggles to adapt to her husband's emotional distance. Lutie gives birth to Sara Beth. During a great blizzard, the settlers are alarmed by the sound of Brewton's cattle near their house. Fearful for his wheat crop, knowing its destruction would spell the ruin of his farm, the man goes out of the house with his rifle, planning to scare off the cattle.

When they stampede, he kills one of the cows. The rest of the ranch hands beat the farmer, his pregnant wife loses her baby. When Lutie learns of the incident, she rides out to the settlers' house, but they refuse to see her. Having lost their crop and baby, they concede the land to Brewton. Brewton tells Lutie that he had warned her the settlers faced severe challenges. Furious with him, Lutie decides to leave Salt Fork for a while, she goes to Denver. While planning to return to St. Louis, she runs into Chamberlain; the two have a discreet affair, Lutie decides to return to Brewton. After her return to Salt Fork, she gives birth to a boy, she continues to struggle in Brewton's world. Chamberlain lobbies for a Federal District Court in Salt Fork, he wins election as its judge, he will preside over land disputes. Brewton believes; as he arms himself and his men to ward off the settlers, Lutie pleads with him to reconsider. They argue in the abandoned sod house, where Brewton prepares his ammunition, he gets Lutie to confess to the affair with Chamberlain.

She agrees to leave. Back in St. Louis, she consults a lawyer, he says that if she testifies in court that Chamberlain is Brock's father, she could win custody of her son, but she would lose custody of Sara Beth. Convinced that fighting would cause too much damage to her children, Lutie stays away, she returns after two years in a futile attempt to reconnect with them. Chamberlain tries to get her to fight for Brock's custody so they can run away together as a family, but Lutie says that she does not love him enough to marry him; as the years pass, the town doctor keeps. On his deathbed, he chides Brewton for driving Lutie away by his emotional distance. After the doctor's death, Chamberlain takes up the correspondence to tell Lutie about her children, he shares his concerns that Brock has grown into a reckless young man, too endowed with charm and luck. For years, Brock has endured taunts from townsfolk about his "real father," but the truth has never been acknowledged outright. During a card game, his opponent refers to Brock only as "judge", referring to Chamberlain.

Brock gets drawn into conflict and, when his opponent draws his pistol, Brock shoots him fatally in the stomach. Once Brock is bailed out of jail, he returns home and confesses the incident to his father and sister. Brewton insists that Brock stand trial. In private, Brock confesses to his sister that he could not stand a trial because it would bring up the reason for the fight, humiliate their father. Brock decides to flee, the sheriff pursues him with a posse. Brewton goes after him. Brewton reaches the cabin where the posse is exchanging gunfire with Brock, holed up inside; when Brewton enters the cabin, he finds his son fatally shot. Having read in the newspaper that Brock was on the run, Lutie returns by train to Salt Fork. Just before arriving, she learns, she decides to keep traveling to San Francisco that night. In town, she sees Brewton escorting Broc