Occitanie

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Occitanie
Region of France
Flag of Occitanie
Flag
Coat of arms of Occitanie
Coat of arms
Occitanie in France 2016.svg
Country  France
Prefecture Toulouse
Departments
Government
 • President Carole Delga (Socialist Party)
Area
 • Total 72,724 km2 (28,079 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 5,626,858
 • Density 77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Occitanie (French: [ɔksitani] (About this sound listen); Occitan: Occitània [utsi'tanjɔ], Catalan: Occitània [uksi'tanjə]) is an administrative region of France that was created on 1 January 2016 from former French regions Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. France's Conseil d'État approved Occitanie as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016.[1]

The modern administrative region is named after the cultural and historical region of Occitania, which covers a larger area. The modern administrative area covers a similar area to that ruled by the Counts of Toulouse in the 12th and 13th Centuries. The banner of arms of those counts, known colloquially as the Occitan cross, is used by the modern region and is also a popular cultural symbol.

The new region covers an area of more than 72,724 km2 (28,079 sq mi) with a population of 5,626,858.[2]

The historic cultural area of Occitania
The County of Toulouse in 1154 (shown in blue)

Toponymy[edit]

As the provisional name of the new region, the text of the law specified the hyphenated names of the region's predecessors, Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées, in alphabetical order. As for most of the merged regions, a permanent name was proposed by the new regional council;.[3][4][5] The new name, Occitanie, comes from the historical name of the broader region, which refers to the historic use of the Occitan language and its various dialects in the region, named for the use of the word òc as the equivalent of "yes."

Enacted in 2014, the territorial reform of the regions has been subject to debate for many years.[6] On 24 June 2016, the regional assembly of Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées adopted Occitanie after a lengthy public consultation, which corresponds to the name of the linguistic region that included most of the new region's territory.[7]

The regional assembly resolution inflamed the about 450,000 French Catalans (or Catalans of the North, as most of them call themselves), living in the region, and which regarded the new name as erasing their presence from the map.[8] On 10 September 2016, about 10,000 people (7,800 according to police) demonstrated at Perpignan, demanding that the merged region name contained the words "Pays catalan" (Catalan land).[9] Catalans are less than one-tenth of the population of the enlarged region, giving grim expectations about full recognition of the Catalan culture.

The provisional name of the region was withdrawn on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region took effect.[1]

Map of the new region with its thirteen départements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790.

Departments[edit]

Code Arms 1 Department Prefecture Named after Population (2013)
09 Coat of arms of department 09 Ariège Foix Ariège (river) 152,684
11 Coat of arms of department 11 Aude Carcassonne Aude (river) 364,877
12 Coat of arms of department 12 Aveyron Rodez Aveyron (river) 277,740
30 Coat of arms of department 30 Gard Nîmes Gardon (river) 733,201
31 Coat of arms of department 31 Haute-Garonne Toulouse Garonne (river) 1,298,562
32 Coat of arms of department 32 Gers Auch Gers (river) 190,276
34 Coat of arms of department 34 Hérault Montpellier Hérault (river) 1,092,331
46 Coat of arms of department 46 Lot Cahors Lot (river) 173,758
48 Coat of arms of department 48 Lozère Mende Mont Lozère 76,607
65 Coat of arms of department 65 Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes Pyrenees 228,868
66 Coat of arms of department 66 Pyrénées-Orientales Perpignan Pyrenees 462,705
81 Coat of arms of department 81 Tarn Albi Tarn (river) 381,927
82 Coat of arms of department 82 Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban Tarn and Garonne rivers 250,342

Major communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Décret n° 2016-1264 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Occitanie (in French)
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2012 des régions". Insee. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Nom Région LRMP : Quelques jours pour Se mobiliser, des décennies pour durer". Le Blog De L’occitan / Lo Blòg Occitan. France 3. 2016-05-14. Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  4. ^ "Nom Région LRMP : Occitanie c'est validé, Carole Delga s'occupe des Catalans". Le Blog Politique. France 3. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  5. ^ Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 Relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in fr)
  6. ^ "Résultats élections Régionales 2015". Le Monde (in French). Agence France-Presse. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Le nom de ma région : Occitanie - La nouvelle Région - Région Occitanie / Pyrénées-Méditerranée". Regionlrmp.fr. Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  8. ^ Minder, Raphael (8 September 2016). "'Don't Erase Us': French Catalans Fear Losing More Than a Region's Name". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017. We are the Catalans of the North and we want to continue to exist as such. 
  9. ^ "Thousands hold pro Catalan rally in southern France". www.yahoo.com. 10 September 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2017. Organisers said as many as 10,000 people gathered -- police put the figure at some 7,800 people -- to demand their newly-merged region contain the words "Pays catalan" (Catalan land). 

External links[edit]