The Now (newspaper)
The Now newspaper referred to as Surrey Now, was a tabloid established in 1984 that publishes twice a week with local news on Surrey, North Delta and White Rock in the Canadian province of British Columbia. In 2015, Glacier Media sold The Now to Black Press. In 2015, Now reporter Amy Reid received the S. Tara Singh Hayer journalism award due to work highlighting needs of homeless people. In March 2017, Black Press, publisher of The Now and The Surrey Leader, announced that the two papers would be merged into a single paper as of April 5, 2017; the merged paper was announced as The Surrey Now News-Leader. List of newspapers in Canada
TransLink (British Columbia)
TransLink, formally the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, is the statutory authority responsible for the regional transportation network of Metro Vancouver in British Columbia, including public transport, major roads and bridges. Its main operating facilities are located in the city of New Westminster. TransLink was created in 1998 as the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority and was implemented in April 1999 by the Government of British Columbia to replace BC Transit in the Greater Vancouver Regional District and assume many transportation responsibilities held by the provincial government. TransLink is responsible for various modes of transportation in the Metro Vancouver region as well as the West Coast Express, which extends into the Fraser Valley Regional District. On November 29, 2007, the province of British Columbia approved legislation changing the governance structure and official name of the organization. Buses in Metro Vancouver are operated by three companies.
Coast Mountain Bus Company operates regular transit buses powered by diesel or natural gas, in most of the region's municipalities, in addition to trolley buses within the city of Vancouver. The District Municipality of West Vancouver operates the Blue Bus system serving West Vancouver and Lions Bay. First Transit is contracted by TransLink to operate nine community shuttle bus routes in Langley and on Bowen Island; the schedules and routes of these services are integrated with other transit services operated by TransLink. Within the city of Vancouver, buses run on a grid system, with most trolley bus routes operating radially out of downtown and along north–south arteries, most diesel buses providing east–west crosstown service, with the University of British Columbia as their western terminus. Outside the city of Vancouver, most buses operate on a hub-and-spoke system along feeder routes that connect with SkyTrain, SeaBus, West Coast Express, or other regional centres. Three high-capacity, high-frequency B-Line express routes use 18.3-metre articulated buses, rounding out the regional public transportation backbone provided by SkyTrain, SeaBus, West Coast Express.
Electric trolley buses operate on major routes in the city of Vancouver, with one route extending to neighbouring Burnaby. Most trolley bus routes operate in a north–south direction. Trolley buses receive electricity from a network of overhead wires. In the fall of 2006, TransLink introduced a new generation of electric trolley buses, replacing the old models built in the early 1980s; the new trolley buses have low floors and are wheelchair accessible. Many local routes are served by buses manufactured by Nova Bus. TransLink has begun using hybrid diesel-electric buses; some suburban routes use Orion highway coaches with high-back reclining seats, overhead reading lights and luggage racks. In 2007, all TransLink buses became. Under this system, a rider is required to be in possession of a valid fare while on board the bus and produce it upon request by a transit official. Enforcement of fares is conducted by Transit Security officers. On all B-Lines, larger, 18.3-metre, three-door buses allow passengers to board through rear doors.
As they are bypassing the driver and fare box, they must have a valid fare in their possession. On all other buses, passengers are required to board through the front doors and should produce a valid fare to the bus driver. Fare inspections on buses are conducted by Transit Security officers and on occasion by the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service. Failure to produce proof of payment may result in ejection from the bus and/or a fine of $173. TransLink operates a late-night bus service, called NightBus, on 10 routes extending from downtown throughout the city and to several suburbs. NightBuses leave downtown Vancouver until 4:30 a.m. For the safety of passengers late at night, Transit Security officers ride some of the night buses and respond to calls onboard others; these buses are popular since SkyTrain ends service at 1:30 a.m. but downtown clubs and bars do not close until 3 a.m. After a successful pilot project from 2017–2018 using Alexander Dennis Enviro500 double-decker buses, TransLink announced the purchase of 32 double-decker buses to be in service by 2019.
The first SkyTrain line, which became known as the Expo Line, was built in 1985 as a transit showcase for Expo 86. The automated rapid transit system has become an important part of the region's transportation network; the Expo Line operates from downtown Vancouver to southern Burnaby, New Westminster, Surrey. The system was expanded with the opening of the Millennium Line in 2002, which links eastern New Westminster and northern Burnaby to Vancouver; the Millennium Line was expected to branch northeast through Coquitlam and Port Coquitlam. Construction on the extension of the line to Coquitlam, now known as the Evergreen Extension, began in 2012; the extension began operation on December 2, 2016. The Canada Line, opened on August 17, 2009, runs underground through Vancouver and along an elevated guideway with two branches, to Richmond and Vancouver International Airport, it meets the Expo Line at Waterfront Station in downtown Vancouver, but it is operationally independent and there is no track connection between them.
The Expo Line and Millennium Line are operated by British Columbia Rapid Transit Company Ltd. a subsidiary of TransLink. The Canada Line is operated by a division of SNC-Lavalin; the West Coast Express is a commuter railway connecting downtown Vancouver to Metro Vancouver municipalities to the east and terminating in Mission in the FVRD, nort
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci
Whalley/City Centre is the downtown of Surrey, British Columbia and is the most densely populated and urban of Surrey's six town centres. It is home to the Surrey City Hall, Simon Fraser University's Surrey campus and the site of Kwantlen Polytechnic University's Civic Plaza campus. Based on the city of Surrey statistics, Whalley/City Centre is the second-most populous community in Surrey after Newton; as of 2018, the population of Whalley is 75,610, while the population of the City Centre itself is 26,945. Combining the two neighbourhoods increases the total population of the area to 102,555, it is the only town centre in Surrey serviced by Metro Vancouver's SkyTrain rapid transit system. Expo Line stations servicing Surrey include, Scott Road, Surrey Central and King George stations; as early as the 1880s, people began settling. The municipal council in 1908 requested a grant to construct a roadway from Fraser Bridge to present-day 108 Avenue; this provided a much safer path to the river compared to the steep, winding Old Yale Road, the new road became part of the King George Highway.
In 1925, Arthur Whalley moved his family from Cloverdale to a three-acre triangle of land at the future intersection of Ferguson Road, Grosvenor Road and the King George Highway. After clearing the land and spending their first winter in tents, they built a service station, which included a general store, soft drink stand, tourist cabins; the community adopted the name of Whalley in 1948, after the board of trade held a contest to rename what had become known as "Whalley's Corner". "Binnieville" had been recommended, in honour of Tom Binnie, a local real estate and insurance broker who had fostered Whalley's growth as a commercial centre. In the mid-20th century, Whalley saw numerous debates regarding its secession from Surrey to become a separate city or municipality. In 1976, Metro Vancouver identified Whalley as one of four regional town centres, sparking off revitalization of the town centre; the City of Surrey adopted the "Whalley-Guildford Plan" in 1985, proposing high-density commercial development along 104 Avenue between the Whalley and Guildford areas.
In 2016, the City of Surrey began publishing data separately for the area of Whalley as a new neighbourhood - City Centre - was incorporated into the overall city structure. The addition of City Centre created an additional neighbourhood in Surrey. City Centre is located directly in the heart of the original Whalley neighbourhood. Whalley/City Centre is represented in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia by the Surrey-Whalley riding and in the House of Commons of Canada by the Surrey North riding. Randeep Sarai is Whalley's Member of Parliament, Bruce Ralston is the MLA. Whalley/City Centre is home to several public facilities such as Surrey City Hall, Surrey City Centre Library and North Surrey Recreation Centre with indoor swimming pool and two ice rinks, it is the largest concentration of highrises, both office and residential buildings south of Fraser river. As of June 2017, the tallest building in Surrey is the 3 Civic Plaza at a height of 50 stories and 164 meters, it consists of residential and office units as well as a hotel.
Attracting 15,000 people every February since 2004, WinterFest is a day of live music, sporting activities and fireworks, held at the Central City Plaza. Due in part to having one of British Columbia's youngest populations, with nearly one-third of all citizens under 18, Surrey has become known for its annual Children's Festival, which began 2004; the free, multi-day festival features circus and clay arts, world rhythm music and movement, popular children's performers, storytelling sessions, a parade. In 2008, the City, thanks to the federal government's designation of Surrey as Canada's Cultural Capital for the year, put on a three-day multicultural festival; the Fusion Festival celebrated over 60 different cultures through food and dance. The event attracted 60,000 attendees, Whalley/City Centre is home to the city's Annual Christmas Tree Lighting Festival. Held at Holland Park, it was moved to Central City Mall plaza. Whalley/City Centre welcomes the annual parade of lights in 2011, which used to be held only in Cloverdale.
Temperature extremes range from 37.0°C, recorded on May 29, 1983 to -21.7°C, recorded on January 28, 1969. Whalley/City Centre was once regarded as the one of the most dangerous part of the Lower Mainland and was notorious for its crime. After redevelopment of Whalley/City Centre in recent years, violent crime has shifted south to Newton which has taken over Whalley's reputation as being the most dangerous part of Surrey. Surrey-Whalley provincial electoral district Natrasony, S. M. & Alexander, D.. "The rise of modernism and the decline of place: The case of Surrey City Centre, Canada". Planning Perspectives, 20, 413-433. Doi: 10.1080/02665430500239489. Retrieved: http://hdl.handle.net/10613/2895 City of Surrey website
Methodism known as the Methodist movement, is a group of related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley. George Whitefield and John's brother Charles Wesley were significant early leaders in the movement, it originated as a revival movement within the 18th-century Church of England and became a separate denomination after Wesley's death. The movement spread throughout the British Empire, the United States, beyond because of vigorous missionary work, today claiming 80 million adherents worldwide. Wesley's theology focused on the effect of faith on the character of a Christian. Distinguishing Methodist doctrines include the new birth, an assurance of salvation, imparted righteousness, the possibility of perfection in love, the works of piety, the primacy of Scripture. Most Methodists teach that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died for all of humanity and that salvation is available for all; this teaching rejects the Calvinist position that God has pre-ordained the salvation of a select group of people.
However and several other early leaders of the movement were considered Calvinistic Methodists and held to the Calvinist position. Methodism emphasises charity and support for the sick, the poor, the afflicted through the works of mercy; these ideals are put into practice by the establishment of hospitals, soup kitchens, schools to follow Christ's command to spread the gospel and serve all people. The movement has a wide variety of forms of worship, ranging from high church to low church in liturgical usage. Denominations that descend from the British Methodist tradition are less ritualistic, while American Methodism is more so, the United Methodist Church in particular. Methodism is known for its rich musical tradition, Charles Wesley was instrumental in writing much of the hymnody of the Methodist Church. Early Methodists were drawn from all levels of society, including the aristocracy, but the Methodist preachers took the message to labourers and criminals who tended to be left outside organised religion at that time.
In Britain, the Methodist Church had a major effect in the early decades of the developing working class. In the United States, it became the religion of many slaves who formed black churches in the Methodist tradition; the Methodist revival began with a group of men, including John Wesley and his younger brother Charles, as a movement within the Church of England in the 18th century. The Wesley brothers founded the "Holy Club" at the University of Oxford, where John was a fellow and a lecturer at Lincoln College; the club met weekly and they systematically set about living a holy life. They were accustomed to receiving Communion every week, fasting abstaining from most forms of amusement and luxury and visited the sick and the poor, as well as prisoners; the fellowship were branded as "Methodist" by their fellow students because of the way they used "rule" and "method" to go about their religious affairs. John, leader of the club, took the attempted mockery and turned it into a title of honour.
In 1735, at the invitation of the founder of the Georgia Colony, General James Oglethorpe, both John and Charles Wesley set out for America to be ministers to the colonists and missionaries to the Native Americans. Unsuccessful in their work, the brothers returned to England conscious of their lack of genuine Christian faith, they looked for help to other members of the Moravian Church. At a Moravian service in Aldersgate on 24 May 1738, John experienced what has come to be called his evangelical conversion, when he felt his "heart strangely warmed", he records in his journal: "I felt I did trust in Christ alone, for salvation. Charles had reported a similar experience a few days previously. Considered a pivotal moment, Daniel L. Burnett writes: "The significance of Wesley's Aldersgate Experience is monumental … Without it the names of Wesley and Methodism would be nothing more than obscure footnotes in the pages of church history."The Wesley brothers began to preach salvation by faith to individuals and groups, in houses, in religious societies, in the few churches which had not closed their doors to evangelical preachers.
John Wesley came under the influence of the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius. Arminius had rejected the Calvinist teaching that God had pre-ordained an elect number of people to eternal bliss while others perished eternally. Conversely, George Whitefield, Howell Harris, Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon were notable for being Calvinistic Methodists. George Whitefield, returning from his own mission in Georgia, joined the Wesley brothers in what was to become a national crusade. Whitefield, a fellow student of the Wesleys at Oxford, became well known for his unorthodox, itinerant ministry, in which he was dedicated to open-air preaching—reaching crowds of thousands. A key step in the development of John Wesley's ministry was, like Whitefield, to preach in fields and churchyards to those who did not attend parish church services. Accordingly, many Methodist converts were those disconnected from the Church of England. Faced with growing evangelistic and pastoral responsibilities and Whitefield appointed lay preachers and leaders.
Newton is a town centre of the city in Surrey, British Columbia. It is the location for the previous Surrey City Hall and Courthouse, a local Surrey Public Library branch, a Kwantlen Polytechnic University campus, the headquarters of Surrey's RCMP detachment; the studios of radio station Red FM are located here. As of 2016, the population of Newton stands at 149,040. For planning purposes, the City of Surrey considers Newton's borders to be: 120 Street on the west; the northern boundary varies between 88 avenues. Newton has the largest population of all the city's town centres, as well as the most ethnically diverse population. According to the 2016 census, the population of Newton was 149,040. Surrey-Newton provincial electoral district Surrey-Panorama Ridge provincial electoral district Newton-North Delta federal electoral district City of Surrey website
Surrey, British Columbia
Surrey is a city in the province of British Columbia, located south of the Fraser River and north of the Canada–United States border. It is a member municipality of metropolitan area. A suburban city, Surrey is the province's second-largest by population after Vancouver and the third largest by area after Abbotsford and Prince George; the seven neighbourhoods or "town centres" the City of Surrey comprises are: Fleetwood, City Centre, Newton and South Surrey. Surrey was incorporated in 1879, encompasses land occupied by a number of Halqemeylem-speaking aboriginal groups; when Englishman H. J. Brewer looked across the Fraser River from New Westminster and saw a land reminiscent of his native County of Surrey in England, the settlement of Surrey was placed on the map; the area comprised forests of douglas-fir, red cedar, blackberry bushes, cranberry bogs. A portion of present-day Whalley was used as a burial ground by the Kwantlen Nation. Settlers arrived first in Cloverdale and parts of South Surrey to farm, harvest oysters, or set up small stores.
Once the Pattullo Bridge was erected in 1937, the way was open for Surrey to expand. In the post-war 1950s, North Surrey's neighbourhoods filled with single family homes and Surrey became a bedroom community, absorbing commuters who worked in Burnaby or Vancouver. In the 1980s and 1990s, Surrey witnessed unprecedented growth, as people from different parts of Canada and the world Asia, began to make the municipality their home. Surrey is projected to surpass the city of Vancouver as the most populous city in BC by 2020 - 2030. Surrey is governed by an eight-member city council; the current mayor of Surrey is Doug McCallum, who took office on November 5, 2018. The last elections were held in October 2018. In the 2017 provincial election, the BC NDP doubled their held three elected MLAs to six, while the number of MLAs for the BC Liberals dropped from five to three. In 1997, Gurmant Grewal became the first visible minority elected in Surrey. In 2004, when his wife, Nina was elected to parliament, they became the first married couple to serve Canadian parliament concurrently.
Following the 2015 federal election, the Liberal Party of Canada holds three of Surrey's four seats in the House of Commons of Canada. Conservative MP Dianne Watts resigned in 2017 to compete to be the leader for the BC Liberal Party. In 2016 the population was recorded at 517,887, an increase of 10.6% from 2011. This made it the 12th largest city in Canada, while being the fifth largest city in Western Canada. In recent years, a expanding urban core in Downtown Surrey, located in Whalley has transformed the area into the secondary downtown core in Metro Vancouver. Surrey forms an integral part of Metro Vancouver as it is the second largest city in the region, albeit while serving as the secondary economic core of the metropolitan area; when combined with the City of Vancouver, both cities account for nearly 50% of the region's population. Within the City of Surrey itself feature many neighborhoods including Whalley, Guildford, Fleetwood and South Surrey. Immigration to Surrey has drastically increased since the 1990s.
52% do not speak English as their first language, while over 30% of the city's inhabitants are of South Asian heritage. In the early 2000s, an influx of South Asians began moving to the city from neighbouring Vancouver due to rising housing costs and increasing rent costs for businesses; the outflow of these residents and increased immigration from the Indian Subcontinent therefore established in Surrey one of the largest concentrations of ethnic South Asian residents in North America. Other significant Asian groups which reside in the city include Chinese and Southeast Asian; the city houses large Aboriginal and African populations, when compared with the rest of cities in the region. The 2016 census found; the next most common language was Punjabi, spoken by 20.48% of the population, followed by Mandarin at 4.42%. The 2011 National Household Survey states, "71.4% of the population in Surrey reported a religious affiliation, while 28.6% said they had no religious affiliation. For British Columbia as a whole, 55.9% of the population reported a religious affiliation, while 44.1% had no religion.
The most reported religious affiliation in Surrey was Sikh, reported by 104,720 of the population. Other reported religions included: Roman Catholic and Christian, n.i.e.. In comparison, the top three most reported religions in British Columbia were: Roman Catholic, Christian, n.i.e. and the United Church." As of 2010, Surrey had the highest median family income of CDN$78,283, while BC provincial median was $71,660, national's median was $74,540. The average family income was $85,765. South Surrey area had the highest average household income of all six town centres in Surrey, with an average of $86,824 as of 2010. Median household income was high at $62,960. South Surrey's neighbourhood of Rosemary Heights is the richest in Surrey and throughout the Metro Vancouver area, with a median income more than twice the regional average; as of 2010, the median household income of Surrey was $67,702 (versus the national medi