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Ocean View (Norfolk)

Ocean View is a coastal region in the independent city of Norfolk, Virginia in the United States. It has several miles of shoreline on the Chesapeake Bay to the north, starting with Willoughby Spit to the west and the Joint Expeditionary Base -- Little Creek in the independent city of Virginia Beach on the east; the entire area of South Hampton Roads was part of Elizabeth River Shire when it was formed in 1634. From this original shire, in 1636, New Norfolk County was formed, divided again into Upper and Lower Norfolk counties in 1637. Lower Norfolk County was split in 1691 to form Norfolk County; the Ocean View area was to remain part of Norfolk County for over 225 years, until it and the adjacent Willoughby Spit area were annexed by the independent City of Norfolk in 1923.. A small portion of East Ocean View adjacent to the Little Creek Amphibious Base was added in a land-swap with the city of Virginia Beach in 1988; the area which became known as Ocean View City was a 360-acre tract called the Magagnos Plantation which had extensive frontage on the Chesapeake Bay east of Willoughby Spit and west of Little Creek.

The Ocean View area was surveyed and laid out with streets and lots as Ocean View City in 1854 by William Mahone, a young civil engineer, building the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. Under the leadership of Walter H. Taylor, about 30 years a narrow gauge steam passenger railroad service was established between Norfolk and Ocean View, a 9-mile long line crossing what was known as Tanner's Creek. Named the Ocean View Railroad, it was known as the Norfolk and Ocean View Railroad. A small steam locomotive named the General William B. Mahone hauled increasing volumes of passengers on the weekends; the steam service was replaced by electric-powered trolley cars, becoming both a popular resort and a streetcar suburb of the City of Norfolk. The improvements consisted of the swimming beach and cottages; the location was quite popular for Sunday outings from Norfolk. The popular Nansemond Hotel was built about 1928. With the advent of additional electric streetcars in the late 19th century, an amusement park was developed at the end-of-the-line and a boardwalk was built along the adjacent beach area.

These were a favorite of sailors on leave from the Norfolk Navy Base. Buses replaced the streetcars in the late 1940s. In the mid 20th century, for a number of years, AM radio station WGH broadcast live from a booth under the roller coaster. Completion of the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel in 1957 connected the Ocean View area to the Virginia Peninsula. However, it and other newer highways encouraged visitors to continue on to the Virginia Beach resort area on the Atlantic Ocean, a small city which boomed after merging with Princess Anne County in 1963. In particular, construction of nearby Interstate 64 and the Virginia Beach Expressway made it easier for tourists from afar to bypass Ocean View en route to the Oceanfront area of Virginia Beach. After several years of decline in the 1970s, during which Busch Gardens in Williamsburg opened less than an hour's drive away, Ocean View Amusement Park was closed after Labor Day, 1978 and was torn down soon after the filming of a 1979 made-for-TV movie called The Death of Ocean View Park, which starred Mike Connors of Mannix fame, Barry Newman, Academy Award winner Martin Landau.

A key scene featured blowing up the landmark wooden roller coaster "The Rocket". While there had been popular concern as to the structural integrity of the famous but aged wooden structure, early attempts to film its destruction with explosives met with failure. On the third attempt, with a bulldozer off camera helping to pull the structure down, the landmark appeared to explode in a large fireball; the 1977 movie Rollercoaster, George Segal, Henry Fonda, Richard Widmark, features "The Rocket", as well as other shots of the park in the opening sequences. In the early 21st century, as the entire coastal property market surged with new growth, redevelopment in the Ocean View community has resulted in new upscale residential properties replacing old beach cottages and small motels along the resort strip. Property values bay front property in the East Beach neighborhood, have increased in value. Today, U. S. Route 60 is the main roadway paralleling the bay along the resort strip on Ocean View Avenue.

U. S. Route 460 begins at its junction in front of the site of the former amusement park, where a city park and a high rise condominium is now located. In a large-scale urban renewal project begun in the 1990s, the city of Norfolk invested over $50 million to develop, as part of a public-private partnership, an upscale new urbanist waterfront neighborhood named "East Beach" in East Ocean View; as part of the project, the city acquired and tore down more than 1,600 buildings across 100 acres, relocated hundreds of low-income residents. The master plan for the neighborhood was designed by Andrés Duany with Duany Plater-Zyberk; the neighborhood is fashioned after classic Southeastern seaboard coastal villages, includes 700 residences, neighborhood restaurants, boutique shops, a Bay Front Club, offices and public places. In 2003, a massive beach restoration project was completed by the city, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Virginia Port Authority, which involved a large-scale rebuilding of sand dunes, planting of vegetation, the placement of 10 offshore breakwaters to slow erosion and protect the neighborhood from coastal storms.

In 2007, the American Shore and Beach Preser


Sarangarh is a town and Nagar Palika in Raigarh District in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. During the British Raj era, Sarangarh State was one of several princely states governed by the Raj Gond dynasty of Rajputs, it was a dependency of the Ratanpur Kingdom and became one of the eighteen Garhjat states under Sambalpur State. Dist- As of 2001 India census, Sarangarh had a population of 2,14,458. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Sarangarh has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, female literacy is 60%. In Sarangarh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Sarangarh is one of the important towns of the state of Chhattisgarh; the town of Sarangarh falls within the jurisdiction of the Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh and comprises the area of the erstwhile Sarangarh Princely State. Sarangarh Town has a "Nagar Palika Parishad" comprising 15 wards, it is the headquarters of the sub-division by the same name. The town is 217 meters above sea level.

The global location of Sarangarh falls within north latitude 21 degrees and 6 minutes to east longitude 83 degrees and eight minutes. In accordance to the census of 2001, the population of Sarangarh is around 14,500. Sarangarh is one of the few Chhattisgarh towns that have an excellent sex ratio. There are 49 % females in 51 % males. Children under six years of age comprise 13% of the total population. Sarangarh has done a considerable job in the literacy drive; the town authority and the educational department of the state have contributed in its moderate success. The town has achieved seventy percent of literacy, at least ten percent more than the national average. About eighty percent of males are literate; some of the nearby villages are: Sarsiwa Madhuban Sapos Jaspur Baramkela Chandarpur Ramtek Kosir BAIGINDIHThe Sarangarh subdivision comprises two development blocks namely Sarangarh and Baramkela. Sarangarh is located on the National Highway number 216 and is 52 km from the district HQ and rail head Raigarh, 200 km from Raipur, the state capital and the nearest airport.

The airstrip of Sarangarh was built during the IInd World War. Town is surrounded by scenic beauty of the nature. Gomarda wildlife sanctuary is located about 15 km from the town in the NH 216. Sarangarh has two graduate and post-graduate level colleges. For technical education, there is industrial training institute; the town has a community health centre with three full-time doctors. A new Lok Sabha constituency by the name of SARANGARH came into being after the Census of 1971; the first election for it was in 1977. However after the delimitation of political constituencies following Census 2001, this constituency ceased to exist till the time elections for Loksabha took place in 2009; the area of the Sarangarh Lok Sabha constituency was merged into Raigarh and Mahasamund constituencies of Chhattisgarh. 1977: Govindram Miri, Janata Party 1980: Paras Ram Bhardwaj, Indian National Congress 1984: Paras Ram Bhardwaj, Indian National Congress 1989: Paras Ram Bhardwaj, Indian National Congress 1991: Paras Ram Bhardwaj, Indian National Congress 1996: Paras Ram Bhardwaj, Indian National Congress 1998: Paras Ram Bhardwaj, Indian National Congress 1999: P.

R. Khute, Bharatiya Janata Party 2004: Guharam Ajgalley, Bharatiya Janata Party Sarangarh princely state

Hatt, Cornwall

Hatt is a hamlet in the civil parish of Saltash in east Cornwall, England, UK. It is on the A388 road from Callington to Saltash. Hatt House is of two and a half storeys, it is in the civil parish of Botusfleming. The hamlet's main community area is situated at the Carkeel Roundabout, with a petrol station and a playing field nearby as well as a'bus stop providing travel to Callington, Launceston and Plymouth; the history of the name'Hatt' is believed to originate in a tale, in which an unnamed cardinal was on a visit to Truro. After stopping at a local tavern, he had lost his mitre. A local found it, exclaiming "The Cardinal's Hat!" before running it down to Truro. As a reward, the cardinal provided funding for the establishment of a village; the annual "Big Lunch" celebration has become a recent tradition within the village, along with the neighbouring village of Botusfleming. Communal meals are held in the streets and the Recreational Field is opened up for games and sporting events. There is a charitable drive as well with any money raised given to charity.

Major-General Sir William Penn Symons KCB was born at Hatt. Local Naval explorer Anton Maguire is a current resident

Aru Ressha

The Aru Ressha is a two-car deluxe excursion train operated by Kyushu Railway Company in Japan since August 2015. Details of the planned excursion train, provisionally called the "Sweets Train", were first announced in January 2014; the train entered service on 8 August 2015. The name "Sweets Train" derives from the sweets served on board, they are designed and created in a Japanese-French style by Chef Yoshihiro Narisawa, who owns an eponymous restaurant in Tokyo. The train is formed of two modified former KiHa 47 diesel cars, renumbered KiRoShi 47 9176 and KiRoShi 47 3505, is intended to replicate the design and ambience of the luxury Brill coaches purchased by the Kyushu Railway in 1908; the purchase occurred just before the company was nationalized under the Railway Nationalization Act) and the car was never put into service. The rebuilding project was overseen by industrial designer Eiji Mitooka, using scale models of the original coaches built by the railway modeller Nobutaro Hara. Between April and September, the train runs a daily round trip between Ōita and Hita, is intended for the revival of tourism and the local economy.

The train runs a daily round trip from Sasebo to Nagasaki between July of one year to March of the following year on weekends. This car was numbered KiHa 47 176, was operated by JR Shikoku until it was withdrawn from service on 30 April 2011. Rebuilding work was carried out at JR Kyushu's Kokura General Rolling Stock Centre, included removal of the original toilet; this car was numbered KiHa 47 1505, was operated by JR Shikoku until it was withdrawn from service on 30 April 2011. Rebuilding work was carried out at JR Kyushu's Kokura General Rolling Stock Centre, included addition of a new toilet. List of named passenger trains of Japan Joyful Train, the generic name for excursion and charter trains in Japan Official website

Molybdenum(II) chloride

Molybdenum dichloride describes chemical compounds with the empirical formula MoCl2. At least two forms are known, both have attracted much attention from academic researchers because of the unexpected structures seen for these compounds and the fact that they give rise to hundreds of derivatives; the form discussed here is Mo6Cl12. The other molybdenum chloride is potassium octachlorodimolybdate. Rather than adopting a close-packed structure typical of metal dihalides, e.g. cadmium chloride, molybdenum chloride forms a structure based on clusters. Molybdenum, a rather large ion, prefers to form compounds with metal-metal bonds, i.e. metal clusters. In fact all "lower halides" in the "early transition metal series do; the species Mo6Cl12 is polymeric, consisting of cubic Mo6Cl84+ clusters interconnected by chloride ligands that bridge from cluster to cluster. This material converts to salts of the dianion 2−. In this anion, each Mo bears one terminal chloride but is otherwise part of an Mo6 octahedron embedded inside a cube defined by eight chloride centers.

Thus, the coordination environment of each Mo is four triply bridging chloride ligands, four Mo neighbors, one terminal Cl. The cluster has 24e−, four being provided by each Mo2+. Mo6Cl12 is prepared by the reaction of molybdenum chloride with molybdenum metal: 12 MoCl5 + 18 Mo → 5 Mo6Cl12This reaction proceeds via the intermediacy of MoCl3 and MoCl4, which are reduced by the presence of excess Mo metal; the reaction is conducted in a tube furnace at 600–650 °C. Once isolated, Mo6Cl12 undergoes many reactions with retention of the Mo612+ core. Heating in concentrated HCl gives 2; the terminal chloride ligands, labeled "ausser" are exchanged: 2 + 6 HI → 2 + 6 HClUnder more forcing conditions, all 14 ligands can be exchanged, to giving salts of 2− and 2−.. A variety of clusters are structurally related to 2−; the tungsten analogue is known. Ta and Nb form related clusters; the resulting formula is 4−. Sulfido and selenido derivatives are well studied. 4− has the same number of valence electrons as does 2−.

The Mo-S clusters Mo6S8L6, analogues of the "Chevrel phases", have been prepared by the reaction of sulfide sources with Mo6Cl12 in the presence of donor ligands L

ADSL loop extender

A DSL loop extender is a device that a telephone company can place between subscriber premises equipment and central office interfaces to extend the distance and increase the channel capacity of digital subscriber line connections. ADSL repeaters are deployed by rural telephone companies trying to provide rural Internet service to farms and small towns where it is impractical to place the DSLAM closer to the subscriber. Typical distance improvements with a loop extender are shown in the diagram below, with rate in megabits per second and distance in thousands of feet. Multiple loop extenders can be placed on a line making the reach of the ADSL signal infinite; that is, it is possible to reach any subscriber with any ADSL speed if one uses multiple loop extenders. A repeater can either be a re-generator. Amplifiers increase the signal level of the analog transmission signal; because regeneration restores the signal to binary, an indefinite number of re-generators can be placed on a line and is the preferred choice for services like T1 that have no distance limits.

Because of the simplicity of the amplifier circuits, amplifiers are of lower cost than re-generators. Before the development of ADSL loop extenders and remote DSLAMs, ADSL was limited to 3–6 miles from the Central Office depending on the wire gauge used. An ADSL Loop Extender works as an amplifier, boosting the signal level so it can travel longer distances. In some cases, service can now be established as far as 10 miles from the Central Office. In 2006, US telco promoted Fiber to the Home; this was driven by a growing housing sector, creating the "greenfield" customers that are needed to make fiber to the home profitable. With the housing sector in a serious recession, that "greenfield" seems to be drying up fast. With most of the "brownfield" market tapped for ADSL, Telcos are interested in extending ADSL to those semi-rural areas that have never been important before. In 2010, the US Federal Government updated the subsidies paid to rural telephone companies so that broadband is subsidized rather than phone service in a program called Connect America Fund.

In order to qualify for subsidy, the telephone company must provide 4 mbits downstream and 1 mbit upstream. This has increased the demand for ADSL loop extenders because loop extenders will allow the telephone companies to reach the most distant subscribers in a way, more cost effective than deploying remote DSLAMs; some ADSL loop extenders aren't repeaters, but instead convert to a different signal that fares better over extreme distances. This is. Crosstalk has been found to be compliant. Since the objective is to provide DSL to locations where no other data service can reach, or is needed, ordinary telephone service is immune to cross talk from ADSL due to ADSL not using voice frequency range, the cross talk issue is further reduced. Converting to G.shdsl or other technologies has problems too. These technologies have limited downstream speed, thus are less useful except to extend services to the most distant customers, their many components make them more expensive than ADSL amplifiers. List of public service commissions