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Oconee County, South Carolina

Oconee County is the westernmost county in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 74,273, its county seat is Walhalla. Oconee County is included in the Seneca, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area. South Carolina Highway 11, the Cherokee Foothills National Scenic Highway, begins in southern Oconee County at Interstate Highway 85 at the Georgia state line. Oconee County takes its name from the Cherokee word "Ae-quo-nee" meaning "land beside the water." Oconee was a local Cherokee town, situated on the main British/Cherokee trading path between Charleston and the Mississippi River in the early 18th century. Its geographic position placed it at the intersection of the trading path and the Cherokee treaty boundary of 1777. In 1792, a frontier outpost was built by the SC State Militia near the town site and was named Oconee Station; when Oconee County was created out of the Pickens District in 1868 it was named for Oconee Town.

1780s - The rare wildflower, Oconee Bell, first recorded by André Michaux. 1780s - After the American Revolutionary War, Colonel Benjamin Cleveland and a group of followers received land grants from Georgia and settled in present-day Oconee County. 1787 - Georgia withdrew its claims to the land between the Tugaloo and Keowee River by the Treaty of Beaufort to South Carolina. 1816 - Cherokee sold their remaining South Carolina land. 1850s - The largest town was Tunnel Hill, located above Stumphouse Mountain Tunnel. 1868 - Oconee County was formed when Pickens County was divided. Walhalla was made the county seat. 1870 - Air line Railroad built a railroad through the county which helped to form Seneca and Westminster 1893 - Newry was established as mill village to house workers of the Courtenay Manufacturing Company. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 674 square miles, of which 626 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water; the hilly landscape has created a haven for man-made lakes.

Three large man-made lakes provide residents with sport fishing, water skiing, sailing as well as hydroelectric power. The largest lake is Lake Hartwell, built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1955 and 1963. Lake Keowee is the second largest lake and the Oconee Nuclear Station operates by the lake. Lake Jocassee is the third largest and is a source of hydroelectric energy, but is popular for its breathtaking scenery and numerous waterfalls. Bad Creek Reservoir, located in the mountains above Jocassee, is for generating electricity during peak hours; the water level can fall by tens of feet per hour and during off-peak times water is pumped back into the lake for the next peak period. Because of this and swimming are prohibited in the reservoir. Oconee County is in the Savannah River basin. Sumter National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 66,215 people, 27,283 households, 19,589 families living in the county; the population density was 106 people per square mile. There were 32,383 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 89.14% White, 8.38% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. 2.36 % of the population were Latino of any race. 26.5% were of American, 13.1% Irish, 11.9% German and 10.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 27,283 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.85. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,666, the median income for a family was $43,047. Males had a median income of $31,032 versus $22,156 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,965. About 7.60% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 74,273 people, 30,676 households, 21,118 families living in the county; the population density was 118.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 38,763 housing units at an average density of 61.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.8% white, 7.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.3% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry,Of the 30,676 households, 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals.

The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 43.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,266 and the median income for a family was $52,332. Males had a median income of $40,943 versus $29,841 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,055. About 11.8% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty l

Edith Hoyt

Edith Hoyt was an African American painter. Hoyt painted landscapes and floral watercolors. Edith Hoyt was born in West Point, New York in April 1894, she attended the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design, studying under painter Charles Herbert Woodbury. Starting in 1921, Hoyt spent summers in Canada in Jasper National Park and in Gaspé, Quebec, her work was exhibited at the Corcoran, American Watercolor Society, Pennsylvania Academy and Brooklyn Museum. In 1963, she worked and exhibited in Cap-à-l'Aigle, Canada, in 1963. In 1932, Hoyt was invited to the Howard University Gallery Presenting Works of Negro Artists to talk on her experiences in Jasper national park. One of her paintings was requested by the Little Rock Ark art association the prior week; the Ice Bridge at St. Petronille, IO, oil on canvas, 1941, Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec Winter Scene Ste Pétronille, I. O. oil on canvas, 1941, Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec

David Robert Nelson

David R. Nelson redirects here. For the Massachusetts state representative and Bristol County Sheriff, see David R. Nelson David R. Nelson is an American physicist, Arthur K. Solomon Professor of Biophysics, at Harvard University. Nelson graduated from Cornell University Summa cum laude in 1972, with a MS in 1974, with a Ph. D. in 1975. He was in the fourth and final class of Cornell's short-lived "Six-year Ph. D. program". Since 1978 he has been a professor at Harvard University, his research is in the field of condensed matter. Together with Bertrand Halperin, he has established the theory of dislocation-mediated melting in two dimensions. 1984 MacArthur Fellows Program 2004 Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize 1995 Harvard Ledlie Prize of Harvard University 1993–1994 Guggenheim Fellowship 1986 Award for Initiatives in Research from the National Academy of Sciences 1979–1983 AP Sloan Fellowship D. R. Nelson and J. M. Kosterlitz, "Universal Jump in the Superfluid Density of Two-Dimensional Superfluids" Phys.

Rev. Lett. 39: 1201. D. R. Nelson and B. I. Halperin, "Dislocation-mediated melting in two dimensions." Phys. Rev. B 19: 2457. D. R. Nelson, "Order frustration and defects in liquids and glasses." Phys. Rev. B 28: 5515. D. R. Nelson and L. Peliti, "Fluctuations in membranes with crystalline and hexatic order." Journal de Physique 48: 1085. D. R. Nelson, "Vortex entanglement in high temperature superconductors." Phys. Rev. Lett. 60: 1973. D. R. Nelson and V. Vinokur, "Boson localization and correlated pinning of superconducting vortex arrays." Phys. Rev. B 48: 13060. N. Hatano and D. R. Nelson, "Vortex pinning and non-Hermitian quantum mechanics." Phys. Rev. B 56: 8651. D. R. Nelson and N. Shnerb, "Non-Hermitian localization and population biology." Phys. Rev. E 58: 1383. D. Lubensky and D. R. Nelson, "Single molecule statistics and the polynucleotide unzipping transition," Phys. Rev. E 65, 03917. ISI Web of Knowledge Retrieved on 5 October 2009. "DNA unzipping and motor proteins: Effect of the genetic code" Retrieved on 5 October 2009.

"David R. Nelson", Scientific Commons

Floating rate note

Floating rate notes are bonds that have a variable coupon, equal to a money market reference rate, like LIBOR or federal funds rate, plus a quoted spread. The spread is a rate. All FRNs have quarterly coupons, i.e. they pay out interest every three months. At the beginning of each coupon period, the coupon is calculated by taking the fixing of the reference rate for that day and adding the spread. A typical coupon would look like 3 months USD LIBOR +0.20%. In the United States, government sponsored enterprises such as the Federal Home Loan Banks, the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation are important issuers. In Europe, the main issuers are banks; some FRNs have special features such as maximum or minimum coupons, called "capped FRNs" and "floored FRNs". Those with both minimum and maximum coupons are called "collared FRNs". "Perpetual FRNs" are another form of FRNs that are called irredeemable or unrated FRNs and are akin to a form of capital. FRNs can be obtained synthetically by the combination of a fixed rate bond and an interest rate swap.

This combination is known as an asset swap. Perpetual notes Variable rate notes Structured FRN Reverse FRN Capped FRN Floored FRN Collared FRN Step up recovery FRN Range/corridor/accrual notes Leveraged/deleveraged FRNA deleveraged floating-rate note is one bearing a coupon, the product of the index and a leverage factor, where the leverage factor is between zero and one. A deleveraged floater, which gives the investor decreased exposure to the underlying index, can be replicated by buying a pure FRN and entering into a swap to pay floating and receive fixed, on a notional amount of less than the face value of the FRN. Deleveraged FRN = long pure FRN + short x swap A leveraged or super floater gives the investor increased exposure to an underlying index: the leverage factor is always greater than one. Leveraged floaters require a floor, since the coupon rate can never be negative. Leveraged FRN = long pure FRN + long x swap. An FRN has a duration close to zero, its price shows low sensitivity to changes in market rates.

When market rates rise, the expected coupons of the FRN increase in line with the increase in forward rates, which means its price remains constant. Thus, FRNs differ from fixed rate bonds; as FRNs are immune to interest rate risk, they are considered conservative investments for investors who believe market rates will increase. The risk that remains is credit risk. Securities dealers make markets in FRNs, they are traded over-the-counter, instead of on a stock exchange. In Europe, most FRNs are liquid. In the U. S. FRNs are held to maturity, so the markets aren't as liquid. In the wholesale markets, FRNs are quoted as a spread over the reference rate. Suppose a new 5 year FRN pays a coupon of 3 months LIBOR +0.20%, is issued at par. If the perception of the credit-worthiness of the issuer goes down, investors will demand a higher interest rate, say LIBOR +0.25%. If a trade is agreed, the price is calculated. In this example, LIBOR +0.25% would be equivalent to a price of 99.75. This can be calculated as par, minus the difference between the coupon and the price, agreed, multiplied by the maturity.

The simple margin is a measure of the effective spread of a FRN, not traded at par. If the FRN trades at par, the simple margin will equal the quoted spread. To calculate the simple margin, first compute the sum of the quoted spread of the FRN and the capital gain an investor will earn if the FRN is held to maturity: 100 − Clean price Maturity in years + Spread. Second, adjust the above for the fact that the FRN is bought at a discount or premium to the nominal value: 100 Clean price ×. A more complex measure of the effective spread is a discount margin, which takes into account the "time value of money" of the FRN cash flows; the formula for the calculation of the discount margin is more complex and its calculation requires a financial calculator or a computer. Inverse floating rate note Fixed rate bond Forex Risk Calculator for Floating rate note

Jone (opera)

Jone, ossia L'ultimo giorno di Pompei is an opera in four acts by Errico Petrella. The Italian-language libretto was by Giovanni Peruzzini, after Edward Bulwer-Lytton's famous novel The Last Days of Pompeii; the opera was premiered at La Scala on 26 January 1858. It was an immediate success, not only in the rest of the world as well, it remained in the repertory for close to 50 years, being last given in Caracas in 1981. This performance has been recorded and issued both on LP and CD. Most of these singers were quite well known at the time Carlo Negrini, one of Italy's leading tenors and had created Gabriele Adorno in Simon Boccanegra a year earlier. Guicciardi was the first De Luna in Il trovatore. Both Glaucus, a noble Roman and Arbace, the high priest of Isis, love Jone, she is the latter's ward, regards him as a second father. A slave girl, Nidia loves Glaucus. Burbo, Arbace's henchman, gives Nidia some poison, asking her to give it to Glauco to drink, he assures her. Glauco drinks only enough to become delirious.

This gives Arbace a chance to convince Jone. He persuades her to come to the temple of Isis. In the meantime, Glaucus has been restored to reason, he is seized, accused of sacrilege and condemned to death. Arbace offers to save Glaucus' life in return for Jone's favors. With the crowd assembled in the circus, Nidia reveals Arbace's infamy to the Praetor. Glaucus is freed. Vesuvius erupts and Arbace dies in the eruption. Jone and Glaucus find each other in the crowd, but she returns to the city to die, while the lovers escape

William G. Windrich

Staff Sergeant William Gordon Windrich was a United States Marine, awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for outstanding heroism as a platoon sergeant in the Battle of Chosin Reservoir during the Korean War. Staff Sergeant Windrich was killed in action the early morning of December 2, 1950 near Yudam-ni, North Korea, during a savage night battle with Chinese forces on Hill 1520, he had refused to be evacuated after being wounded twice, once when a grenade fragment ripped through his helmet. Felled by gunshot wounds in the legs, he directed his men in setting up defensive positions and shouted words of encouragement until he succumbed to his wounds and the bitter cold, he was buried. He is now buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia; the Medal of Honor, the United States' highest award for valor in combat, was presented to his widow by Secretary of the Navy Daniel A. Kimball during ceremonies on February 8, 1952, in Washington, D. C. William Windrich was born on May 1921, in Chicago, Illinois.

He attended public schools in Indiana. He enlisted at seventeen in the Marine Corps Reserve on June 6, 1938, was ordered to active duty in November 1940. During World War II, he spent 20 months overseas in the South and Central Pacific as a machine gunner with the 2nd and 5th Defense Battalions and was on Tarawa. Discharged in November 1945, he reenlisted in the regular Marine Corps the following February. In the summer of 1946, he participated in the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll while serving aboard the USS Mount McKinley. After World War II, he served as a non-commissioned officer of the guard in Washington, D. C. at the Naval Gun Factory and at Marine Corps Headquarters, in China. At the outbreak of the Korean War, SSgt. Windrich was on military police duty at California, he went overseas with the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade and was among the first Marines to see action in Korea. He participated in the capture of Seoul, it was during the Chosin Reservoir Campaign while now serving as a rifle platoon sergeant with Company I, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines, after the 1st Marine Division regrouped for its famous breakout to the sea, that he met his heroic death.

His body was identified and was returned to the United States in 1955 for burial in Arlington National Cemetery. SSgt. Windrich received the following military awards: SSgt. Windrich's Medal of Honor citation reads: The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR posthumously to STAFF SERGEANT WILLIAM G. WINDRICH UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS for service as set forth in the following CITATION: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Platoon Sergeant of Company I, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, First Marine Division, in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Yudam-ni, the night of 1 December 1950. Promptly organizing a squad of men when the enemy launched a sudden, vicious counterattack against the forward elements of his company's position, rendering it untenable, Staff Sergeant WINDRICH, armed with a carbine, spearheaded the assault to the top of the knoll confronting the overwhelming force and, under shattering hostile automatic weapons and grenade fire, directed effective fire to hold back the attackers and cover the withdrawal of our troops to commanding ground.

With seven of his men struck down during the furious action and he, wounded in the head by a bursting grenade, he made his way to his company's position and, organizing a small group of volunteers, returned with them to evacuate the wounded and dying from the frozen hillside, staunchly refusing medical attention himself. Redeploying the remainder of his troops, Staff Sergeant WINDRICH placed them on the left flank of the defensive sector before the enemy again attacked in force. Wounded in the leg during the bitter fight that followed, he bravely fought on with his men, shouting words of encouragement and directing their fire until the attack was repelled. Refusing evacuation although unable to stand, he still continued to direct his platoon in setting up defensive positions until, weakened by the bitter cold, excessive loss of blood and severe pain, he lapsed into unconsciousness and died, his valiant leadership and courageous fighting spirit against tremendous odds served to inspire others to heroic endeavor in holding the objective and reflect the highest credit upon Staff Sergeant WINDRICH and the United States Naval Service.

He gallantly gave his life for his country./S/ HARRY S. TRUMAN List of Medal of Honor recipients List of Korean War Medal of Honor recipients This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps."Staff Sergeant William Gordon Windrich, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2007-12-28. "Medal of Honor — SSgt William G. Windrich". Marines Awarded the Medal of Honor. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. "William Windrich, at ChosinReservoir.com"