Poway is a city in San Diego County, United States. An unincorporated community in the county, Poway became a city on December 12, 1980. Poway's rural roots gave rise to its slogan "The City in the Country"; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 47,811. The ZIP Code is 92064. Poway is located at 32°58′12″N 117°2′19″W, which lies north of the city of San Diego and south of the city of Escondido; some nearby communities are Rancho Bernardo, Sabre Springs, Scripps Ranch, Rancho Peñasquitos, Ramona to the East. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.3 square miles, of which 0.1 square miles is water. Artifacts such as arrowheads, spear points, grinding stones, pottery found along the bed of Poway Creek all indicate an early Diegueño presence. Various pictographs adorn many of Poway's boulders, modern dating techniques suggest these paintings date to the 16th century and earlier; the original name of the valley is derived from the Kumeyaay language of the Kumeyaay people who roamed the area for several hundred years before the Spaniards colonised the region.
Traces of these Native Americans still remain in Diegueño. Poway's contemporary history began in the late 18th century, when missionaries from the Mission San Diego de Alcalá kept cattle in the valley. Documents of Mission San Diego de Alcala record the name of the valley as "Paguay" as early as 1828. Though there is a discrepancy on the exact translation of "Paguay," the accepted version indicates "the meeting of little valleys" or "end of the valley." Some controversy surrounds the proper spelling. It has been written as Paui, Pauai and Powaii. For a century, Poway served as a stock range for the mission and local ranchos. In September 1839, Corporal Rosario Aguilar was granted Rancho Paguai a ranch in the valley and it was confirmed on May 22, 1840, but he refused it, becoming Juez de paz in 1841 and moving instead to San Juan Capistrano. American settlers began to come to the valley for farming purposes in the late antebellum period. Few records of this time have survived, not until 1894 and the inception of the Poway Progress did the town's history become a thing of record.
In 1887, about 800 people farmed in Poway. Around the start of the 20th century, Poway farmers had moderate success in the production and vending of fruit and dairy products; the expansion, failed to follow agricultural success. Though the farmers prospered, the town existed in a static state for decades, varying only in population, crop selection, the like. Poway has a creek and fertile soil, but the lack of available water prevented the settlement from attracting large-scale farmers and the accompanying population growth. Not until 1954 did the town establish the Poway Municipal Water District, which utilizes water from the Colorado River Aqueduct to irrigate all of Poway's 10,000 acres; when water came to the town, people did as well. In 1957, following the sewer system's completion, developers built housing tracts, modern Poway grew from there. In 1980 Poway incorporated and became the City of Poway rather than a neighborhood of San Diego itself. Poway no longer relies on agriculture for its primary source of income and has instead transitioned into a residential community for those who work for employers in and around the San Diego area.
According to a recent state government estimate, the population of Poway has grown since that last census to 50,542. It justifies its nickname of the "City in the Country" despite its burgeoning population because it has been designated a "Tree City" for the last decade. Major portions of the town were evacuated during both 2007 Witch Creek Fire. In 2004, the City of Poway adopted the 1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division, based out of nearby Camp Pendleton; the Fred L. Kent Post 7907 of the Veterans of Foreign Wars has been the official go-between with the battalion, redeployed at least once to Iraq since its adoption; the pop-punk band Blink-182, Unwritten Law, The Frights originated in Poway, California. Though many residents today mistake Poway for an old Western-style cowboy town, its original roots lie in agriculture; the Homestead Act of 1862 encouraged Westward migration, accordingly many of Poway's first white settlers came to farm. The fecund soil proved well-suited to a variety of crops, including peaches, Muscat grapes, pears and alfalfa.
Some farmers captured swarms of cultivated honey. Dairying proved lucrative. Most families kept a cow for milk and butter, chickens for eggs and meat, a hog to sustain them while they farmed. Crops sold well around the San Diego area. Between the seasons of 1894 and 1896, the Poway Progress reported bits of agricultural information such as: Muscat grapes are beginning to ripen, the San Diego market is getting a supply of the fine article Poway always produces.... The season has been a prolific one for bees, thirty of forty stands the present season from a single captured swarm a year or two ago.... The peach is a good article, Poway produces it to perfection. Poway pears will compare with any grown in the state; the success of these crops depended on the annual winter rainfall, so remained subject to variations in precipitation until the establishment of the Poway Municipal Water District in 1954. With water available, the town's farming interest shifted to two principal crops and citrus fruits.
Four-wheel drive called 4×4 or 4WD, refers to a two-axled vehicle drivetrain capable of providing torque to all of its wheels simultaneously. It may be full-time or on-demand, is linked via a transfer case providing an additional output drive-shaft and, in many instances, additional gear ranges. A four-wheeled vehicle with torque supplied to both axles is described as "all-wheel drive". However, "four-wheel drive" refers to a set of specific components and functions, intended off-road application, which complies with modern use of the terminology. 4WD systems were used in many different vehicle platforms. There is no universally accepted set of terminology to describe the various architectures and functions; the terms used by various manufacturers reflect marketing rather than engineering considerations or significant technical differences between systems. SAE International's standard J1952 recommends only the term All-Wheel-Drive with additional sub classifications which cover all types of AWD/4WD/4x4 systems found on production vehicles.
Four-by-four or 4x4 is used to refer to a class of vehicles in general. Syntactically, the first figure indicates the total number of wheels, the second indicates the number that are powered. So 4x2 means a four-wheel vehicle that transmits engine torque to only two axle-ends: the front two in front-wheel drive or the rear two in rear-wheel drive. A 6×4 vehicle has three axles, two of which provide torque to two axle ends each. If this vehicle were a truck with dual rear wheels on two rear axles, so having ten wheels, its configuration would still be formulated as 6x4. During World War II, the U. S. military would use spaces and a capital'X' – like "4 X 2" or "6 X 4". Four-wheel drive refers to vehicles with two axles providing torque to four axle ends. In the North American market the term refers to a system, optimized for off-road driving conditions; the term "4WD" is designated for vehicles equipped with a transfer case which switches between 2WD and 4WD operating modes, either manually or automatically.
All-wheel drive was synonymous with "four-wheel drive" on four-wheeled vehicles, six-wheel drive on 6×6s, so on, being used in that fashion at least as early as the 1920s. Today in North America the term is applied to both heavy vehicles as well as light passenger vehicles; when referring to heavy vehicles the term is applied to mean "permanent multiple-wheel drive" on 2×2, 4×4, 6×6 or 8×8 drive train systems that include a differential between the front and rear drive shafts. This is coupled with some sort of anti-slip technology hydraulic-based, that allows differentials to spin at different speeds but still be capable of transferring torque from a wheel with poor traction to one with better. Typical AWD systems are not intended for more extreme off-road use; when used to describe AWD systems in light passenger vehicles, it refers to a system that applies torque to all four wheels and/or is targeted at improving on-road traction and performance, rather than for off-road applications. Some all-wheel drive electric vehicles solve this challenge using one motor for each axle, thereby eliminating a mechanical differential between the front and rear axles.
An example of this is the dual motor variant of the Tesla Model S, which on a millisecond scale can control the torque distribution electronically between its two motors. Individual-wheel drive is used to describe electric vehicles with each wheel being driven by its own electric motor; this system has inherent characteristics that would be attributed to four-wheel drive systems like the distribution of the available torque to the wheels. However, because of the inherent characteristics of electric motors, torque can be negative, as seen in the Rimac Concept One and SLS AMG Electric; this can have drastic effects, as in better handling in tight corners. The term IWD can refer to a vehicle with any number of wheels. For example, the Mars rovers are 6-wheel IWD. Per the SAE International standard J1952, AWD is the preferred term for all the systems described above; the standard subdivides AWD systems into three categories. Part-Time AWD systems require driver intervention to couple and decouple the secondary axle from the driven axle and these systems do not have a center differential.
The definition notes. Full-Time AWD systems drive both rear axles at all times via a center differential; the torque split of that differential may be fixed or variable depending on the type of center differential. This system can be used on any surface at any speed; the definition does not address exclusion of a low range gear. On-Demand AWD systems drive the secondary axle via an active or passive coupling device or "by an independently powered drive system"; the standard notes that in some cases the secondary drive system may provide the primary vehicle propulsion. An example is a hybrid AWD vehicle where the primary axle is driven by an internal combustion engine and secondary axle is driven by an electric motor; when the internal combustion engine is shut off the secondary, electrically driven axle is the only driven axle. On-demand systems function with only one powered axle until torque is required by the second axle. At that point either a passive or active coupling sends torque to the secondary axle.
In addition to the above primary classifications the J1952 standard notes seconda
San Diego County, California
San Diego County the County of San Diego, is a county in the southwestern corner of the state of California, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,095,313. Making it California's second-most populous county and the fifth-most populous in the United States, its county seat is the eighth-most populous city in the United States. It is the southwesternmost county in the 48 contiguous United States. San Diego County comprises the San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 17th most populous metropolitan statistical area and the 18th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. San Diego is part of the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area shared between the United States and Mexico. Greater San Diego ranks as the 38th largest metropolitan area in the Americas. San Diego County has more than 70 miles of coastline; this forms the most densely populated region of the county, which has a mild Mediterranean to semiarid climate and extensive chaparral vegetation, similar to the rest of the western portion of southern California.
Precipitation and temperature extremes increase to the east, with mountains that receive frost and snow in the winter. These lushly forested mountains receive more rainfall than average in southern California, while the desert region of the county lies in a rain shadow to the east, which extends into the Desert Southwest region of North America. There are 16 naval and military installations of the U. S. Navy, U. S. Marine Corps, the U. S. Coast Guard in San Diego County; these include the Naval Base San Diego, Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, Naval Air Station North Island. From north to south, San Diego County extends from the southern borders of Orange and Riverside Counties to the Mexico-U. S. Border and Baja California. From west to east, San Diego County stretches from the Pacific Ocean to its boundary with Imperial County; the area, now San Diego County has been inhabited for more than 12,000 years by Kumeyaay, Luiseño, Cupeño and Cahuilla Indians and their local predecessors.
In 1542, the explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, who may have been born in Portugal but sailed on behalf of Spain, claimed San Diego Bay for the Spanish Empire, he named the site San Miguel. In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more known as San Diego. European settlement in what is now San Diego County began with the founding of the San Diego Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá by Spanish soldiers and clerics in 1769; this county was part of Alta California under the Viceroyalty of New Spain until the Mexican declaration of independence. From 1821 through 1848 this area was part of Mexico. San Diego County became part of the United States as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, ending the Mexican–American War; this treaty designated the new border as terminating at a point on the Pacific Ocean coast which would result in the border passing one Spanish league south of the southernmost portion of San Diego Bay, thus ensuring that the United States received all of this natural harbor.
San Diego County was one of the original counties of California, created at the time of California statehood in 1850. At the time of its establishment in 1850, San Diego County was large, included all of southernmost California south and east of Los Angeles County, it included areas of what are now Inyo and San Bernardino Counties, as well as all of what are now Riverside and Imperial Counties. During the part of the 19th century, there were numerous changes in the boundaries of San Diego County, when various areas were separated to make up the counties mentioned above; the most recent changes were the establishments of Riverside County in 1893 and Imperial County in 1907. Imperial County was the last county to be established in California, after this division, San Diego no longer extended from the Pacific Ocean to the Colorado River, it no longer covered the entire border between California and Mexico. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,526 square miles, of which 4,207 square miles is land and 319 square miles is water.
The county is larger in area than the combined states of Rhode Delaware. San Diego County has a varied topography. On its western side is more than 70 miles of coastline. Most of San Diego between the coast and the Laguna Mountains consists of hills and small canyons. Snow-capped mountains rise with the Sonoran Desert farther to the east. Cleveland National Forest is spread across the central portion of the county, while the Anza-Borrego Desert State Park occupies most of the northeast. Although the county's western third is urban, the mountains and deserts in the eastern two-thirds are undeveloped backcountry. Most of these backcountry areas are home to a native plant community known as chaparral. San Diego County contains more than a million acres of chaparral, twice as much as any other California county. North San Diego County is known as North County; the eastern suburbs are collectively known as East County, though most still lie in the western third of the county. The southern suburbs and southern detached portion of the city of San Diego, extending to the Mexican border, are collectively referred to as South Bay.
Periodically the area has been subject to wildfires th
El Cajon, California
El Cajon is a city in San Diego County, United States, 17 mi east of Downtown San Diego. The city, located in a valley surrounded by mountains, has acquired the nickname of "The Box." Its name originated from the Spanish phrase "el cajón," which means "the box" or "the drawer." El Cajon, Spanish for "the box," was first recorded on September 10, 1821, as an alternative name for sitio rancho Santa Mónica to describe the "boxed in" nature of the valley in which it sat. The name appeared on maps in 1873 and 1875, shortened to "Cajon," until the modern town developed in which the post office was named "El Cajon." In 1905, the name was once again expanded to "El Cajon" under the insistence of California banker and historian Zoeth Skinner Eldredge. El Cajon is located at 32°47′54″N 116°57′36″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 square miles, all land. It is bordered by San Diego and La Mesa on the west, Spring Valley on the south, Santee on the north, unincorporated San Diego County on the east.
It includes the neighborhoods of Fletcher Hills and Rancho San Diego. Under the Köppen climate classification system, El Cajon straddles areas of Mediterranean climate and semi-arid climate; as a result, it is described as "arid Mediterranean" and "semi-arid Steppe". Like most inland areas in Southern California, the climate varies within a short distance, known as microclimate. El Cajon's climate has greater extremes compared to coastal San Diego; the farther east from the coast, the more arid the climate gets, until one reaches the mountains, where precipitation increases due to orographic uplift. El Cajon's climate is warm during summer with mean temperatures averaging 70.1 °F or higher and cool during winter with mean temperatures averaging 55.4 °F or higher. The average high in the summer ranges from about 80 to 90 °F, with temperatures reaching as high as over 105 °F; the coldest month of the year is December with an average maximum temperature of 63 °F and an average minimum of 47 °F reaching below 39 °F.
Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate with an average difference of 24 °F during the summer, an average difference of 26 °F during the winter. The annual average precipitation at El Cajon is 19 inches, nearly twice the average of San Diego, similar to Pasadena and the San Francisco Bay Area. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the winter months, but rare in summer; the wettest month of the year is December with an average rainfall of 3.80 inches. The record high temperature was 113 °F on June 14, 1917; the record low temperature was 19 °F on January 8, 1913. The wettest year was 1941 with 28.14 inches and the dryest year was 1989 with 1.51 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 11.43 inches in January 1993. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 5.60 inches on January 27, 1916. A rare snowfall in November 1992 totaled 0.3 inches. Three inches of snow covered the ground in January 1882. During Spanish rule, the government encouraged settlement of territory now known as California by the establishment of large land grants called ranchos, from which the English word ranch is derived.
Land grants were made to the Roman Catholic Church which set up numerous missions throughout the region. In the early nineteenth century, mission padres' search for pasture land led them to the El Cajon Valley. Surrounding foothills served as a barrier to straying cattle and a watershed to gather the sparse rainfall. For years the pasture lands of El Cajon supported the cattle herds of the mission and its native Indian converts, it was not until the Mexican era. The original intent of the 1834 secularization legislation was to have church property divided among the former mission Indians. However, most of the grants were made to rich "Californios" of Spanish background who had long been casting envious eyes on the vast holdings of the Roman Catholic missions. In 1845 California Governor Pio Pico confiscated the lands of Mission San Diego de Alcala, he granted eleven square leagues of the El Cajon Valley to Dona Maria Antonio Estudillo, daughter of José Antonio Estudillo, alcalde of San Diego, to repay a $500 government obligation.
The grant was called Rancho Santa Monica and encompassed present day El Cajon, Santee, Flinn Springs, the eastern part of La Mesa. It contained the 28-acre Rancho Cañada de los Coches grant. Maria Estudillo was the wife of Don Miguel Pedrorena, a native of Madrid, who had come to California from Peru in 1838 to operate a trading business. With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican–American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored; as required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho El Cajon was filed by Thomas W. Sutherland, guardian of Pedrorena's heirs with the Public Land Commission in 1852, confirmed by the U. S. Supreme Court, the grant was patented in 1876. In 1868, Los Angeles land developer Isaac Lankershim bought the bulk of the Pedrorena's Rancho El Cajon holdings and employed Major Levi Chase, a former Union Army officer, as his agent. Chase received from Lankershim 7,624 acres known as the Chase Ranch.
Lankershim hired Amaziah Lord Knox, a New Englander whom he
La Mesa, California
La Mesa is a city in Southern California, located 9 miles east of Downtown San Diego in San Diego County. The population was 57,065 at the 2010 census, up from 54,749 at the 2000 census, its civic motto is "the Jewel of the Hills." La Mesa in Spanish alternately "the plateau", relating to its geography. La Mesa was part of a larger tract, Mission San Diego de Alcalá, was used by Spanish Missionaries. La Mesa was founded in 1869 and The City of La Mesa was incorporated on February 16, 1912, under the general laws of the state of California; as such, it does not have a city charter but operates under the laws of the state of California in all respects not covered by any city ordinance. Its official flower is the bougainvillea. La Mesa is located at 32°46′17″N 117°1′22″W, it is bordered by the city of San Diego on the west and north, Spring Valley and Lemon Grove on the south, El Cajon on the east. It includes the neighborhood of Grossmont. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.1 square miles.
9.1 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. La Mesa is 12 mi ) east of the Pacific Ocean; because of this, La Mesa experiences more extreme temperatures than San Diego, which lies closer to the Pacific Ocean. La Mesa has a Semi-arid Steppe climate. La Mesa has hot, dry summers and warm winters with most of the annual precipitation falling between November and March; the city has dry weather with around 13" of annual precipitation. Summer temperatures are hot, with average highs of 78 °F-92 °F and lows of 56 °F–68 °F. Winter temperatures are warm, with average high temperatures of 66 °F–77 °F and lows of 46 °F–58 °F; the climate in the San Diego area, like much of California varies over short geographical distances resulting in micro-climates. In San Diego's case, this is due to the city's topography. During the "May gray/June gloom" period, a thick "marine layer" cloud cover will keep the air cool and damp within a few miles of the coast, but will yield to bright cloudless sunshine 5–10 miles inland.
This happens every year in June. In the absence of June gloom, inland areas tend to experience higher temperatures than areas closer to the coast; the City of La Mesa is served by the San Diego Trolley's Orange Line at its stations in Spring Street, La Mesa Boulevard, Grossmont Transit Center, Amaya Drive, the last two of which are served by the Green Line. By car, the city is served by Interstate 8, California State Route 94, California State Route 125; the 2010 United States Census reported that La Mesa had a population of 57,065. The population density was 6,259.6 people per square mile. The racial makeup of La Mesa was 54.1% White, Hispanic or Latino of any race was 21.5%, 8.0% African American, 5.8% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 11.6% from other races, 5.8% from two or more races. The Census reported that 56,408 people lived in households, 124 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 533 were institutionalized. There were 24,512 households, out of which 6,695 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,330 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,102 had a female householder with no husband present, 1,335 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 1,731 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 243 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 8,004 households were made up of individuals and 2,924 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30. There were 13,767 families; the population was spread out with 11,164 people under the age of 18, 6,396 people aged 18 to 24, 16,792 people aged 25 to 44, 14,625 people aged 45 to 64, 8,088 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males. There were 26,167 housing units at an average density of 2,870.3 per square mile, of which 11,221 were owner-occupied, 13,291 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%. 26,713 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29,695 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 54,749 people, 24,186 households, 13,374 families residing in the city.
The population density was 5,909.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 24,943 housing units at an average density of 2,692.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 51.0% White, 6.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 5.5% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 9.5% from other races, 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.6% of the population. There were 24,186 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.7% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86. In the city, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 9.9% fro
An all-terrain vehicle known as a quad, three-wheeler, four-track, four-wheeler, or quadricycle, as defined by the American National Standards Institute is a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat, straddled by the operator, along with handlebars for steering control. As the name implies, it is designed to handle a wider variety of terrain than most other vehicles. Although it is a street-legal vehicle in some countries, it is not street-legal within most states and provinces of Australia, the United States or Canada. By the current ANSI definition, ATVs are intended for use by a single operator, although some companies have developed ATVs intended for use by the operator and one passenger; the passenger is not required to have a helmet. These ATVs are referred to as tandem ATVs; the rider sits on and operates these vehicles like a motorcycle, but the extra wheels give more stability at slower speeds. Dirt bikes are considered to be ATVs as that they were designed for off road use only.
Although most are equipped with three or four wheels, six-wheel models exist for specialized applications. Engine sizes of ATVs for sale in the United States, range from 49 to 1,000 cc. Royal Enfield built and sold the first powered quadracycle in 1893, it had many bicycle components, including handle bars. The Royal Enfield resembles a modern ATV-style quad bike but was designed as a form of horseless carriage for road use; the term "ATV" was coined to refer to non-straddle ridden six-wheeled amphibious ATVs such as the Jiger produced by the Jiger Corporation, the Amphicat produced by Mobility Unlimited Inc, the Terra Tiger produced by the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company in the mid 1960s and early 1970s. With the introduction of straddle ridden ATVs, the term AATV was introduced to define the original amphibious ATV category; the first three-wheeled ATV was the Sperry-Rand Tricart. It was designed in 1967 as a graduate project of John Plessinger at the Cranbrook Academy of Arts near Detroit.
The Tricart was straddle-ridden with a sit-in rather than sit-on style. In 1968 Plessinger sold the Tricart patents and design rights to Sperry-Rand New Holland who manufactured them commercially. Numerous small American manufacturers of 3-wheelers followed; these small manufacturers were unable to compete when larger motorcycle companies like Honda entered the market in 1969. Honda introduced their first sit-on straddle-ridden three-wheeled ATVs in 1969, which were famously portrayed in the James Bond movie, Diamonds Are Forever and other TV shows such as Magnum, P. I. and Hart to Hart. These were dubbed the US90. Influenced by earlier ATVs, it featured large balloon tires instead of a mechanical suspension. By the early 1980s, suspension and lower-profile tires were introduced; the 1982 Honda ATC200E Big Red was a landmark model. It featured both suspension and racks, making it the first utility three-wheeled ATV; the ability to go anywhere on terrain that most other vehicles could not cross soon made them popular with US and Canadian hunters, those just looking for a good trail ride.
Soon other manufacturers introduced their own models. Sales of utility machines skyrocketed. Sport models were developed by Honda, which had a virtual monopoly in the market due to effective patents on design and engine placement; the 1981 ATC250R was the first high-performance three-wheeler, featuring full suspension, a 248 cc air cooled two-stroke engine, a five-speed transmission with manual clutch, a front disc brake. For the sporting trail rider, the 1983 ATC200X was another landmark machine, it used an easy-to-handle 192 cc four-stroke, ideal for new participants in the sport. The ATC200X was the first high-performance four-stroke ATV that featured full suspension and rear disc brakes with single piston calipers, an 18-horsepower engine, sporty looks and is considered one of the best ATVs produced. Today, ATC200Xs can be found on the market in all conditions and prices, is still regarded and followed by the aftermarket community. In 1985, Honda introduced the new ATC350X; the ATC350X was another high-performance three-wheeler, similar to the ATC200X, but as an new machine.
The 350X featured a 26-horsepower oil cooled 350 cc four-stroke engine with a 4-valve head. The engine was so good, it found its way into many hybrid race four-wheelers in years; the engine was a torque monster, Honda wasn't afraid to call the 350X "the King of the Hill" in its marketing of the machine. The suspension was a step in between the all new ATC250R and the ATC200X, with 8.5 inches of travel in the front forks. The 350X featured disc brakes with dual piston brake calipers for superb stopping power. However, the 350X suffered in handling with an underbuilt chassis which made the machine unpopular with racers, except for those who chose to be different by racing a four-stroke machine as two-strokes were the engine of choice at the time; the aftermarket came out with a custom gusset kit that strengthens the frame at its weakest points for riders that wish to build a race machine. In 1986, the ATC200X got a complete redesign; the machine shared nothing in common with its predecessor than the name.
It got an all new 199 cc four-stroke engine, wh