An off-road vehicle is considered to be any type of vehicle which is capable of driving on and off paved or gravel surface. It is generally characterized by having large tires with deep, open treads, other vehicles that do not travel public streets or highways are generally termed off-highway vehicles, including tractors, cranes, backhoes and golf carts. Off-road vehicles have a following because of their many uses. Several types of motorsports involve racing off-road vehicles, the three largest 4-wheel vehicle off-road types of competitions are rally, desert racing, and rockcrawling. The three largest types of all-terrain vehicle / motorcycle competitions are Motocross and desert racing like Dakar Rallye, the most common use of these vehicles is for sight seeing in areas distant from pavement. The use of higher clearance and higher traction vehicles enables access on trails and forest roads that have rough, the system uses an unusual caterpillar track which has a flexible belt rather than interlocking metal segments.
It can be fitted to a car or truck to turn it into a half-track suitable for use over rough or soft ground. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Kégresse returned to his native France where the system was used on Citroën cars between 1921 and 1937 for off-road and military vehicles, the Citroën company sponsored several overland expeditions with their vehicles crossing North Africa and Central Asia. A huge wheeled vehicle designed from 1937 to 1939 under the direction of Thomas Poulter called Antarctic Snow Cruiser was intended to transport in the Antarctica. While having several innovative features, it failed to operate as hoped under the difficult conditions. After World War II, a surplus of light off-road vehicles like the Jeep. The Jeeps in particular were popular with buyers who used them as utility vehicles and this was the start of off-roading as a hobby. These were all alike, compact, four-wheel-drive vehicles with at most a small hardtop to protect the occupants from the elements, from the 1960s and onward, more comfortable vehicles were produced.
For several years they were popular with rural buyers due to their off-road, the U. S. Later, during the 1990s, manufacturers started to add even more luxuries to bring those off-road vehicles on par with regular cars. This eventually evolved into what we call the SUV today and it evolved into the newer crossover vehicle, where utility and off-road capability was sacrificed for better on-road handling and luxury. Wheeled vehicles accomplish this by having a balance of large or additional tires combined with tall. Tracked vehicles accomplish this by having wide tracks and a suspension on the road wheels. The choice of wheels versus tracks is one of cost and suitability, a tracked drivetrain is more expensive to produce and maintain
Four-wheel drive, 4×4, and 4WD, is a form of drivetrain capable of providing power to all wheel ends of a two-axled vehicle simultaneously. It may be full-time, or on-demand, and is linked via a transfer case which provides an additional output drive-shaft. When a four-wheeled vehicle has power supplied to axles, this is described as all-wheel drive. However, four-wheel drive typically refers to a set of components and functions, and/or intended offroad application. 4×4/4WD/AWD systems were developed in different markets and used in many different vehicle platforms. There is no universally accepted set of terminology to describe the various architectures, the terms used by various manufactures often reflect marketing rather than engineering considerations or significant technical differences between systems. Four-by-four refers to the class of vehicles. The first figure represents the total wheels, and the second, syntactically, 4×2 means a four-wheel vehicle that transmits engine power to only two axle-ends, the front two in front-wheel drive or the rear two in rear-wheel drive.
Alternatively, a 6×4 vehicle has three axles, two of which power to two wheel ends each. Four wheel drive refers to vehicles with two axles providing power to four wheel ends, in the North American market the term generally refers to a system that is optimized for off-road driving conditions. The term 4WD is typically designated for vehicles equipped with a transfercase which switches between 2WD and 4WD operating modes, either manually or automatically. All wheel drive historically was synonymous with four-wheel drive on four-wheeled vehicles, and six-wheel drive on 6×6s, today in North America the term is applied to both heavy vehicles as well as light passenger vehicles. Typical AWD systems work well on all surfaces, but are not intended for more extreme off-road use, some all wheel drive electric vehicles solve this challenge using one motor for each axle, thereby eliminating a mechanical differential between the front and rear axles. An example of this is the dual motor variant of the Tesla Model S, individual-wheel drive was coined to identify those electric vehicles whereby each wheel is driven by its own individual electric motor.
This system essentially has inherent characteristics that would be attributed to four-wheel drive systems like the distribution of the available power to the wheels. However, because of the inherent characteristics of electric motors, torque can be negative, as seen in the Rimac Concept One and this can have drastic effects, as in better handling in tight corners. The term IWD can refer to a vehicle with any number of wheels, for example, the Mars rovers are 6-wheel IWD. Two wheels fixed to the same turn at the same speed as a vehicle goes around curves
Imperial County, California
Imperial County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 174,528, the county seat is El Centro. Established in 1907, it was the last county to be formed in California, Imperial County comprises the El Centro, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is part of the Southern California border region, the smallest but most economically diverse region in the state and it is located in the Imperial Valley, in the far southeast of California, bordering both Arizona and Mexico. The Imperial Valley is a pot of Anglo-American and Chicano/Latino cultures. On the American side, the majority of residents are of Mexican American heritage, the entire valley is a multi-ethnic mixture of whites, Asian Americans, some African Americans and Native Americans. In 2014, Imperial County had the second highest percentage of unemployed people of any county in the United States, Spanish explorer Melchor Díaz was one of the first Europeans to visit the area around Imperial Valley in 1540.
The explorer Juan Bautista de Anza explored the area in 1776, years later, after the Mexican-American War, the northern half of the valley was annexed by the U. S. while the southern half remained under Mexican rule. Small scale settlement in natural aquifer areas occurred in the early 19th century, in 1905, torrential rainfall in the American Southwest caused the Colorado River to flood, including canals that had been built to irrigate the Imperial Valley. Since the valley is partially below sea level, the waters never fully receded, but collected in the Salton Sink in what is now called the Salton Sea, Imperial County was formed in 1907 from the eastern portion of San Diego County. Much of the Imperial Land Companys land existed in Mexico, the objective of the company was commercial crop farming development. By 1910, the company had managed to settle and develop thousands of farms on both sides of the border. The Mexican Revolution soon after severely disrupted the companys plans, nearly 10,000 farmers and their families in Mexico were ethnically cleansed by the rival Mexican armies.
By the 1950 census, over 50,000 residents lived in Imperial County alone, most of the population was year-round but would increase every winter by migrant laborers from Mexico. Until the 1960s, the farms in Imperial County provided substantial economic returns to the company, currently, El Centro has one of the U. S highest unemployment rates and ranks one of the states poorest counties or have a lower than state and national average annual household income. Fort Yuma is located on the banks of the Colorado River in Winterhaven, first established after the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848, it was originally located in the bottoms near the Colorado River, less than 1-mile below the mouth of the Gila River. It was to defend the newly settled community of Yuma, Arizona on the side of the Colorado River. In March 1851 the post was moved to an elevation on the Colorados west bank, opposite the present city of Yuma, Arizona
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Borrego Springs, California
Borrego Springs is a census-designated place in San Diego County, California. The population was 3,429 at the 2010 census, up from 2,535 at the 2000 census, Borrego Springs was designated as Californias first International Dark-Sky Community by the International Dark-Sky Association. It is a center for public astronomy activities throughout the year, Borrego Springs has pueblo-style, modern architecture and ranch-style house architecture. A local landmark is the roundabout between the airport and downtown, known as Christmas Circle. The town includes a branch of the San Diego County Library, the name of Anza-Borrego State Park is derived from a combination of Juan Baptista de Anza and borrego which is Spanish for little lamb, in honor of the local herds of bighorn sheep. Tourism is the industry in Borrego Springs. The 600,000 acres Anza-Borrego Desert State Park surrounds the town, there are 4 public golf courses, Tennis Center, horseback riding, and it is a destination for Snow birders who seasonally migrate each year from colder northern climates in winter to warmer terrain.
According to the United States Geological Survey Borrego Springs is located at 33°15′24″N 116°22′30″W and this points at Christmas Circle Drive, at the intersection of Palm Canyon Drive and Borrego Springs Road, which is where most maps place the community. According to the United States Census Bureau Borrego Springs is located at 33°14′50″N 116°22′19″W, located between Frying Pan Road and Double O Road, this is 3,530 feet south-southeast of the USGS location. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Borrego Springs census-designated place has an area of 43.4 square miles,99. 22% of it land and 0. 78% water. The village is located on the floor of the Borrego Valley, Borrego Springs is situated on the valley floor within a diverse variety of desert flora and fauna. An abandoned Calcite Mine, which dates to World War II days, is situated on the northeast slope of the Santa Rosa Mountains in the State Park, average January temperatures are a maximum of 69.0 °F and a minimum of 43.4 °F.
Average July temperatures are a maximum of 106.8 °F, there are an average of 172.6 days with highs of 90 °F or higher and an average of only 2.6 days with lows of 32 °F or lower. The record high temperature was 122 °F on June 25,1990, the record low temperature was 20 °F on January 5,1971. Average annual precipitation is 6.13 inches and there are an average of 24 days with measurable precipitation, the wettest year was 1983 with 18.73 inches and the driest year was 1953 with 1.35 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 8.78 inches in January 1993, the most rainfall in 24 hours was 2.46 inches on March 2,1983. Although snow rarely falls in the lowlands,6.5 inches fell in December 1967, the 2010 United States Census reported that Borrego Springs had a population of 3,429. The population density was 79.0 people per square mile, the racial makeup of Borrego Springs was 2,766 White,20 African American,34 Native American,22 Asian,5 Pacific Islander,500 from other races, and 82 from two or more races
El Cajon, California
El Cajon is a city in San Diego County, United States. In a valley surrounded by mountains, the city has acquired the nickname of The Big Box and its name originated similarly, from the Spanish phrase el cajón, which means the box or the drawer. El Cajon, Spanish for the big box, was first recorded on September 10,1821, the name appeared on maps in 1873 and 1875, shortened to Cajon, until the modern town developed in which the post office was named Elcajon. In 1905, the name was again expanded to El Cajon under the insistence of California banker and historian. El Cajon is located at 32°47′54″N 116°57′36″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 square miles, all land. It is bordered by San Diego and La Mesa on the west, Spring Valley on the south, Santee on the north and it includes the neighborhoods of Fletcher Hills and Rancho San Diego. Under the Köppen climate classification system, El Cajon straddles areas of Mediterranean climate, as a result, it is often described as arid Mediterranean and semi-arid Steppe.
Like most inland areas in Southern California, the climate varies dramatically within a short distance, El Cajons climate has greater extremes compared to coastal San Diego. The farther east from the coast, the more arid the climate gets, until one reaches the mountains, El Cajons climate is warm during summer with mean temperatures averaging 70.1 °F or higher and cool during winter with mean temperatures averaging 55.4 °F or higher. The warmest month of the year is August with an maximum temperature of 88.1 °F. Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate with a difference of 24 °F during the summer. The annual average precipitation at El Cajon is 11.96 inches, rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the winter months, but rare in summer. The wettest month of the year is December with a rainfall of 3.80 inches. The record high temperature was 113 °F on June 14,1917, September 1,1955, July 22,2006, the record low temperature was 19 °F on January 8,1913. The wettest year was 1941 with 28.14 inches and the dryest year was 1989 with 1.51 inches, the most rainfall in one month was 11.43 inches in January 1993.
The most rainfall in 24 hours was 5.60 inches on January 27,1916, a rare snowfall in November 1992 totaled 0.3 inches. 3 inches of snow covered the ground in January 1882, during Spanish rule, the government encouraged settlement of territory now known as California by the establishment of large land grants called ranchos, from which the English word ranch is derived. Land grants were made to the Roman Catholic Church which set up numerous missions throughout the region, in the early nineteenth century, mission padres search for pasture land led them to the El Cajon Valley
Santee is a suburb of San Diego in San Diego County, with a population of 53,413 at the 2010 census. Although it is a part of the East County region, Santee is located just 18 miles from the Pacific Ocean. The city is connected to the coastline by State Route 52, the city is bisected by the San Diego River, a linear greenbelt that includes parks and more than 1,100 acres of natural riparian habitat. The region was the homeland of the Kumeyaay people and these original residents established the village of Sinyeweche on the banks of the San Diego River in the present day Santee area. The city is named after Milton Santee, the husband of Jennie Blodgett, whose first husband was George A. Cowles. In 2010, the city was populated by 19,272 households, in 2009, the median household income was $78,872 per year, according to the San Diego Association of Governments. In 2010, Santee had one of the lowest crime rates among cities in San Diego County, unlike most of the countys coastal cities, Santee still has sizable portions of vacant land suitable for development.
Sports, Sportsplex USA Santee, a 15-acre sports field complex, Santee has hosted the 2012 and 2016 US Olympic Trials for the 50K racewalk on a course along Mast Blvd. Outdoors, In addition to being a spot for mountain bikers. Santee Lakes Regional Park and Campground offers 190 acres for fishing, Golf, A local landmark since 1958, the Carlton Oaks Golf Course and resort offers a premier golfing destination. The course was designed by the legendary Pete Dye, who is in the World Golf Hall of Fame, music, A 10-week series of free concerts is organized each summer by the citys Community Services Department. The Santee Wine & Bluegrass Festival, a fund-raiser for local park, Santee is home to Off Broadway Live, a 100-seat, cabaret-style theatre. Off Broadway Live features year-round live theatre, State Route 52 was extended eastward through the city from its former terminus at State Route 125 to State Route 67 on the citys east side. The city is bisected by four main thoroughfares, Mast Boulevard and Mission Gorge Road traverse east and west, while Magnolia Avenue and Cuyamaca Street cross north and south.
Santee is the terminus of the San Diego Metropolitan Transit System Green Line trolley route. Gillespie Field, the oldest and largest of eight commercial aviation airports operated by San Diego County, is located on Santees southern border with the city of El Cajon, the airport serves as a hub for local businesses. The 55 acres Town Center Community Park is located east of Cuyamaca Street along the San Diego River, the center of the park features a 15 acres sports field complex operated by Sportsplex USA Santee, and an aquatics center operated by the East County YMCA. The parks first two phases were completed in the fall of 2010, the $23.5 million facility was funded through a combination of redevelopment bonds, developer impact fees and grants
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park is a state park located within the Colorado Desert of southern California, United States. The park takes its name from 18th century Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza and borrego, the Spanish word for bighorn sheep. With 600,000 acres that includes one-fifth of San Diego County, ABDSP is the largest state park in California and, after New Yorks Adirondack Park, the second largest in the contiguous United States. The park occupies eastern San Diego County and reaches into Imperial and Riverside counties, ABDSP is around a two-hour drive northeast from San Diego, southeast from Riverside or Irvine, and south from Palm Springs. The park is an anchor in the Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve, Park information and maps, interpretive events and displays and listening devices for the hearing impaired are all available in the Visitor Center. ABDSP has Wi-Fi access to the Internet in various sections of the park, many visitors approach ABDSP from the east-Coachella Valley side via California County Route S22 and S78.
These highways climb from the coast to 2,400 ft above sea level, the great bowl of the surrounding desert is surrounded by mountains, with the Vallecito Mountains to the south and the highest Santa Rosa Mountains to the north. They are in the wilderness area, without paved roads. In January of 2017 Anza-Borrego Desert State Park was named the best state park in California, the habitats of ABDSP are primarily within the Colorado Desert ecosystem of the Sonoran Desert ecoregion. The higher extreme northern and eastern sections in the Peninsular Ranges are in the California montane chaparral, the park features and desert washes, rock formations and colorful badlands, vast arid landscapes, and dramatic mountains. The bajadas are predominantly creosote bush-bur sage with creosote bush and the palo verde-cactus shrub ecosystems with the palo verde tree, cacti, in the washes, Colorado/Sonoran microphylla woodlands can be found. These woodlands include such plants as tree, velvet mesquite. ABDSP has natural springs and oases, with the only native palm.
Seasonal wildflower displays can be stunning in any plant community association throughout the park, the high-country to the north and east has closed-cone pine forests and oak woodlands. The oases are prolific with all types of fauna, especially for bird-watching, in the reptile class, desert iguanas and the red diamond rattlesnakes can be seen — with caution. ===Desert bighorn sheep=== Some areas of ABDSP are habitat for the Peninsular bighorn sheep, few park visitors see them, and the sheep are justly wary. A patient few observers each year see and count this endangered species to study the population, the expanses of ABDSPs eroded badlands provide a different view into the regions long-vanished tropical past. The inland of southeastern California was not always a desert, the study of the fossilized remains of ancient life, is the key to understanding this prehistoric world
Coronado, since the 1980s mistakenly known as Coronado Island, is a resort city located in San Diego County, California and around San Diego Bay from downtown San Diego. Its population was 24,697 at the 2010 census, up from 24,100 at the 2000 census and it is part of San Diego County, California. Coronado lies on the combination of an island and a tombolo connected to the mainland called the Silver Strand. Coronado is an island, connected by a tombolo. In 2012, Dr. Stephen Leatherman, Director of the Laboratory for Coastal Research, Coronado is Spanish for crowned one, and thus it is nicknamed The Crown City. Three ships of the United States Navy have been named after the city, Coronado was incorporated as a town on December 11,1890. The land was purchased by Elisha Spurr Babcock, along with Hampton L. Story and their intention was to create a resort community, and in 1886, the Coronado Beach Company was organized. By 1888, they had built the Hotel del Coronado, and they built a schoolhouse, and formed athletic and baseball clubs.
In 1900, an area just south of the Hotel del Coronado was established by John D. Spreckels. Over the years the tents gave way to cottages, the last of which was torn down in late 1940 or early 1941 and these streetcars became a fixture of the city until their retirement in 1939. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 32.7 square miles,20.5 km² of the city is land and 24.7 square miles of it is water. Geographically, Cornado is not an island and it is a tied island, connected to the mainland by a strip of land called the Silver Strand. This tombolo, along with Coronado and North Island, forms San Diego Bay, Coronado was mostly separated from North Island by a shallow inlet of water called the Spanish Bight, but just like Coronado, North Island was never completely surrounded by water. The development of North Island by the United States Navy prior to and during World War II led to the filling of the bight by July 1944, the Navy still operates Naval Air Station North Island on Coronado.
On the southern side of the town is Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, both facilities are part of the larger Naval Base Coronado complex. Though there has been localized development of the coastline, including some minor landfill, in 1969, the San Diego–Coronado Bridge was opened, allowing much faster transit between the cities than bay ferries or driving via State Route 75 along the Silver Strand. The city is currently weighing the options of additional construction on Highway 75 to alleviate congestion as traffic flows to and from San Diego, according to the Köppen climate classification system, Coronado has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated BSk on climate maps. The 2010 United States Census reported that Coronado city had a population of 24,697
Del Mar, California
Del Mar is a beach city in San Diego County, California. The population was estimated at 4,311 in 2014, up from 4,161 at the 2010 census, the Del Mar Horse Races are hosted on the Del Mar racetrack every summer. Del Mar is Spanish for of the sea or by the sea, in 1885, Colonel Jacob Taylor purchased 338 acres from Enoch Talbert, with visions of building a seaside resort for the rich and famous. The United States Navy operated a Naval Auxiliary Air Facility for blimps at Del Mar during World War II. In 1966, winners of a KHJ radio station contest rode with members of The Monkees band on a train from Del Mar, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles. 1.7 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water, at the southern edge of Del Mar is the Los Peñasquitos Lagoon. Del Mars climate is considered mediterranean-subtropical with warm, dry summers and mild, humid winters, temperatures exceed 85 °F only on a few occasions throughout the year and rarely drop below 41 °F.
The average yearly temperature in Del Mar is approximately 65 °F. Del Mar is one of few locations in which the Torrey Pine tree grows, the Torrey Pine is the rarest pine in the United States and only two populations of this endangered species exist. The Soledad Valley at the south of Del Mar severs two colony segments of the Pinus torreyana, the 2010 United States Census reported that Del Mar had a population of 4,161. The population density was 2,341.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Del Mar was 3,912 White,10 African American, eight Native American,118 Asian, hispanic or Latino of any race were 175 people. The Census reported that 4,161 people lived in households, zero lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, there were 124 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 19 same-sex married couples or partnerships. Seven hundred seven households were made up of individuals and 209 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.02. There were 1,098 families, the family size was 2.57.
The median age was 48.6 years, for every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males, there were 2,596 housing units at an average density of 1,461.1 per square mile, of which 1,113 were owner-occupied, and 951 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2. 6%, the vacancy rate was 7. 9%. Of the population,2,398 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,763 people lived in housing units
San Marcos, California
San Marcos is a city in the North County region of San Diego County in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 83,781. It is the site of California State University San Marcos, the city is bordered by Escondido to the east, Encinitas to the southwest, Carlsbad to the west, and Vista to the northwest. According to historical legends, the San Luis Rey Mission flocks were robbed by a band of Native Americans in the late 18th century. Fleeing the Spanish troops, the Native Americans escaped to the hills, while pursuing the Native Americans, in 1797 the Spaniards came upon a fertile valley, which was named Los Vallecitos de San Marcos to honor the day of discovery, April 25, St. On April 22,1840, Governor Juan B, Alvarado granted Rancho Vallecitos de San Marcos to his relative, Jose María Alvarado. Jose Alvarado was killed at the Pauma Massacre in 1846, in the late 1850s, Soto sold part of his land to Cave Couts, and his family was soon raising livestock. Although Cave Couts owned the land, Major Gustavus French Merriam from Topeka, Merriam homesteaded 160 acres in the north Twin Oaks Valley and began wine and honey production.
After Major Merriam’s settlement and Dutch immigrants began moving into the area in the early 1880s, by 1884, the town of Barham had a post office, feed store and weekly newspaper. In 1887, the San Marcos Land Company bought almost all of the San Marcos land formerly owned by the Couts family and promptly divided the land into tracts, soon the beautiful hills began attracting home-seekers. The original town of San Marcos was about a mile north of Barham, at the intersection of what is now Grand Avenue, by 1896, San Marcos was a community with its own stores, post office and railroad depot. The first school in the area, which was started in Barham in 1886, had moved to San Marcos three years later, as Barham was fading due to its distance from the railroad. By 1905, the town had every convenience, including mail delivery. Later that same year, the Richland School was built, becoming the school in San Marcos. The main business in San Marcos in the 19th and early 20th centuries was farming, in the mid-20th century and poultry production became a big part of the business in the town.
San Marcos experienced a period of growth from 1956 onward, when the first water from the Colorado River arrived, several small businesses were founded and the population rapidly increased to 2,500. San Marcos became a city on January 28,1963. In the 1970s, San Marcos was flourishing as the third fastest-growing city in the state, the population continued to boom over the next two decades, surpassing 30,000 in 1990 and nearing 85,000 by 2010
As the name implies, it is designed to handle a wider variety of terrain than most other vehicles. Although it is a vehicle in some countries, it is not street-legal within most states and provinces of Australia. By the current ANSI definition, ATVs are intended for use by an operator, although some companies have developed ATVs intended for use by the operator. These ATVs are referred to as tandem ATVs, the rider sits on and operates these vehicles like a motorcycle, but the extra wheels give more stability at slower speeds. Although equipped with three or four wheels, six-wheel models exist for specialized applications, engine sizes of ATVs currently for sale in the United States, range from 49 to 1,000 cc. Royal Enfield built and sold the first powered quadracycle in 1893. It had many components, including handle bars. The Royal Enfield resembles a modern ATV-style quad bike but was designed as a form of carriage for road use. With the introduction of straddle ridden ATVs, the term AATV was introduced to define the original amphibious ATV category, the first three-wheeled ATV was the Sperry-Rand Tricart.
It was designed in 1967 as a project of John Plessinger at the Cranbrook Academy of Arts near Detroit. The Tricart was straddle-ridden with a rather than sit-on style. In 1968 Plessinger sold the Tricart patents and design rights to Sperry-Rand New Holland who manufactured them commercially, numerous small American manufacturers of 3-wheelers followed. I. and Hart to Hart. Dubbed the US90 and later—when Honda acquired the trademark on the term—the ATC90, clearly influenced by earlier ATVs, it featured large balloon tires instead of a mechanical suspension. By the early 1980s, suspension and lower-profile tires were introduced, the 1982 Honda ATC200E Big Red was a landmark model. It featured both suspension and racks, making it the first utility three-wheeled ATV, the ability to go anywhere on terrain that most other vehicles could not cross soon made them popular with US and Canadian hunters, and those just looking for a good trail ride. Soon other manufacturers introduced their own models, sport models were developed by Honda, which had a virtual monopoly in the market due to effective patents on design and engine placement.
The 1981 ATC250R was the first high-performance three-wheeler, featuring full suspension, a 248 cc air cooled engine, a five-speed transmission with manual clutch. For the sporting trail rider, the 1983 ATC200X was another landmark machine and it used an easy-to-handle 192 cc four-stroke that was ideal for new participants in the sport. Today, ATC200Xs can be found on the market in all conditions and prices, in 1985, Honda introduced the new ATC350X