It covers an area of about 63 km².
|This Danish location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
It covers an area of about 63 km².
|This Danish location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
1. Denmark – The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979. In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government. The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
2. Funen – Funen, with an area of 3,099.7 square kilometres, is the third-largest island of Denmark, after Zealand and Vendsyssel-Thy. It is the 165th-largest island in the world and it is in the central part of the country and has a population of 466,284. The main city is Odense which is connected to the sea by a seldom-used canal, the citys shipyard, Odense Steel Shipyard, has been relocated outside Odense proper. Funen belongs administratively to the Region of Southern Denmark, from 1970 to 2006 the island formed the biggest part of Funen County, which also included the islands of Langeland, Ærø, Tåsinge, and a number of smaller islands. Funen is linked to Zealand, Denmarks largest island, by the Great Belt Bridge which carries both trains and cars, two bridges connect Funen to the Danish mainland, Jutland. The Old Little Belt Bridge was constructed in the 1930s shortly before World War II for both cars and trains, the New Little Belt Bridge, a suspension bridge, was constructed in the 1970s and is used for cars only. Apart from the city, Odense, all major towns are located in coastal areas. Beginning in the north-east of the island and moving clockwise, they are Kerteminde, Nyborg, Svendborg, Fåborg, Assens, Middelfart, the highest natural point on Funen is Frøbjerg Bavnehøj. Broholm Egeskov Castle Fynske Livregiment Horne Church Hvedholm Castle Korshavn, Denmark Skrøbelev Gods The Funen Village Funen brachteate in the collections of the National Museum of Denmark, official tourist information site for Funen
3. Odense – Odense is the third-largest city in Denmark. It has a population of 175,245 as of January 2016, by road, Odense is located 45 kilometres north of Svendborg,144 kilometres to the south of Aarhus and 167 kilometres to the southwest of Copenhagen. Odense has close associations with Hans Christian Andersen who is remembered above all for his fairy tales and he was born in the city in 1805 and spent his childhood years there. There has been settlement in the Odense area for over 4,000 years, although the name was not mentioned in writing until 988. Canute IV of Denmark, generally considered to be the last Viking king, was murdered by peasants in Odenses St Albans Priory on 10 July 1086. Although the city was burned in 1249 following a royal rivalry, in 1865, one of the largest railway terminals in Denmark was built, further increasing the population and commerce, and by 1900, Odense had reached a population of 35,000. Odenses Odinstårnet was one of the tallest towers in Europe when built in 1935 but was destroyed by the Nazis during World War II, the University of Southern Denmark was established in 1966. In the present day, Odense remains the hub of Funen. Several major industries are located in the city including the Albani Brewery and GASA, Denmarks major dealer in vegetables, fruits and flowers. In sports, Odense has a number of clubs including OB, BM, B1909, and B1913, the Odense Bulldogs professional ice hockey team. Odense is served by Hans Christian Andersen Airport and Odense station, Odense is one of Denmarks oldest cities. Archaeological excavations in the vicinity show proof of settlement for over 4,000 years since at least the Stone Age, the earliest community was centred on the higher ground between the Odense River to the south and Naesbyhoved Lake to the north. Nonnebakken, one of Denmarks former Viking ring fortresses, lay to the south of the river, today, Odenses Møntergården Museum has many artefacts related to the early Viking history in the Odense area. The Vikings built numerous fortifications along the banks to defend it against invaders coming in from the coast. The first church in Odense appears to have been St Marys, the territory, previously part of the vast Archbishopric of Hamburg, was created a Catholic diocese in 988. The first recorded bishops of Odense were Odinkar Hvide and Reginbert, recent excavations have shown that from the early 11th century, the town developed in the area around Albani Torv, Fisketorvet, Overgade and Vestergade. By 1070, Odense had already grown into a city of stature in Denmark, the priory no longer exists, although a church has been situated on the site since about 900. At the beginning of the 12th century, Benedictine monks from England founded St Canutes Abbey and it was here the English monk Ælnoth wrote Denmarks first literary work, Vita et Passio S. Canuti
4. Port of Odense – Odense Harbour is the port of Odense, Denmark. Founded in 1803, Denmarks only canal harbour is the seventh largest commercial port in terms of turnover. It consists primarily of Inner Harbour, at the end of Odense Canal, and Odense Steel Terminal of Munkebo, the port has a land area of approximately 4,000,000 square metres and a water area of almost 1,000,000 square metres. Its industrial importance has declined since the 1960s, but a transformation is underway, including new residential, in 2012, Port of Odense purchased the site of the former Odense Steel Shipyard which had been Denmarks second-largest shipbuilding facility. Lindø Industrial Park is now being developed on the site with an emphasis on working in the off-shore sector. Odenses inland location became a more serious problem for the city with the development of industry. Towards the end of the century, the prefect Friedrich Buchwald suggested connecting it to the sea by means of a canal, a huge undertaking at the time, it took some 200 workers eight years to complete the 5 km of excavation work, largely using spades and barrows. The canal was completed in October 1807 when the yacht Neptunus was able to sail into the new harbour, by 1805, up to 12 vessels could be seen in the small dock. The canal contributed to the growing prosperity as warehouses and customs offices were built along the quayside. But by the half of the 19th century, with the advent of larger ships. In 1885, a new basin opened east of the old one and in 1904 the canal was deepened and widened, the harbour became a major hub for the import and export of coal and was a regular destination for steamships. Despite a serious fire in 1925, the continued to prosper. Fine new warehouses were constructed, many of which can still be seen today, during the German occupation of Denmark in the Second World War, shortly before work on the mine-layer Linz was completed, the ship was sabotaged by Sigurd Weber, an electrician. When the Germans attempted to have the work completed under armed guard, the revolt soon spread to other industries and towns, resulting in the termination of the Danish governments cooperation with the Germans on 29 August 1943. The last extension to the inner harbour occurred in 1964 with a new dock to the west, thereafter growth stagnated as larger vessels were unable to navigate the canal. As a result, in 1992 a new harbour known as the Lindø Terminal was built near Munkebo and it continues to cater for most of the ports shipping today. The Port of Odense comprises two main harbours, the harbour in the city area and the industrial harbour at Lindø near Munkebo to the north. The commercial harbour has three basins or docks, stretching some 3,350 m along the quay, Odense Havn owns 2,000 m of the quayside while Odense Municipality owns the remaining 1,350 m
5. Odense River – Odense River is a river located on the island of Funen, in central Denmark. It is about 60 kilometres long and is named after the Funish capital, Odense, boats can be rented by the river, offering a scenic ride to Fruens Bøge. Excursion boats offer rides to Carlslund, with jazz music some Saturdays during the Summer, during the Viking Age, the fortress Nonnebakken ensured its controller supremacy over the river
6. Nakskov Fjord – Nakskov Fjord is an inlet in the west of the island of Lolland, Denmark. There are about 10 small islands located in the fjord, the largest town in the area is Nakskov. The place is also a bird sanctuary. Naksov Fjord is situated at the end of Lolland. Nakskov is the largest town in the area, along with the towns of Langø. The southern edge of the fjord is made by the 7.5 kilometer long curved strip of grassland called Albuen while the edge lies near the small town of Tårs. A ferry commutes between Tårs and Spodsbjerg, along the fjord, just outside Nakskov, is situated the beautiful beach, Hestehovedet. The fjord is about 12 kilometers long, the depth is usually shallow, around 1–2 meters but reaches a maximum of 8.5 meters at the port of Nakskov. There are around 10 islands in the fjord along with smaller islets. The largest islands are named Enehøje, Vejlø and Slotø, two post-boats Vesta and Gaia take the mail from Nakskov to the residents in these small islands. Tourists can also go with these boats and enjoy the fjord, the inner fjord is the part of the fjord that narrows and reaches Nakskov. It is located next to the town center. Along the inner fjord are walking tracks, the area is also good for fishing. Many bird species nest in the fjord area and are especially of interest for bird-watchers. Nakskov fjord is a Natura 2000 protected bird habitat since May,1983, the total surface area of the protected habitat is 85 km2. Many species of birds are found in the fjord and the fjord area including mute swan, crested grebe, gadwall, shoveler, pochard, tufted duck. During the migration season such species as little gull and black tern can also be seen, the fjord is also a protected habitat for dolphins and porpoises. The area is popular with tourists as well as with the local population
7. Geographic coordinate system – A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation, to specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection. The invention of a coordinate system is generally credited to Eratosthenes of Cyrene. Ptolemy credited him with the adoption of longitude and latitude. Ptolemys 2nd-century Geography used the prime meridian but measured latitude from the equator instead. Mathematical cartography resumed in Europe following Maximus Planudes recovery of Ptolemys text a little before 1300, in 1884, the United States hosted the International Meridian Conference, attended by representatives from twenty-five nations. Twenty-two of them agreed to adopt the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, the Dominican Republic voted against the motion, while France and Brazil abstained. France adopted Greenwich Mean Time in place of local determinations by the Paris Observatory in 1911, the latitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle between the equatorial plane and the straight line that passes through that point and through the center of the Earth. Lines joining points of the same latitude trace circles on the surface of Earth called parallels, as they are parallel to the equator, the north pole is 90° N, the south pole is 90° S. The 0° parallel of latitude is designated the equator, the plane of all geographic coordinate systems. The equator divides the globe into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, the longitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle east or west of a reference meridian to another meridian that passes through that point. All meridians are halves of great ellipses, which converge at the north and south poles, the prime meridian determines the proper Eastern and Western Hemispheres, although maps often divide these hemispheres further west in order to keep the Old World on a single side. The antipodal meridian of Greenwich is both 180°W and 180°E, the combination of these two components specifies the position of any location on the surface of Earth, without consideration of altitude or depth. The grid formed by lines of latitude and longitude is known as a graticule, the origin/zero point of this system is located in the Gulf of Guinea about 625 km south of Tema, Ghana. To completely specify a location of a feature on, in, or above Earth. Earth is not a sphere, but a shape approximating a biaxial ellipsoid. It is nearly spherical, but has an equatorial bulge making the radius at the equator about 0. 3% larger than the radius measured through the poles, the shorter axis approximately coincides with the axis of rotation