It covers an area of about 63 km².
|This Danish location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
It covers an area of about 63 km².
|This Danish location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
1. Denmark – The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979. In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government. The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
2. Odense – Odense is the third-largest city in Denmark. It has a population of 175,245 as of January 2016, by road, Odense is located 45 kilometres north of Svendborg,144 kilometres to the south of Aarhus and 167 kilometres to the southwest of Copenhagen. Odense has close associations with Hans Christian Andersen who is remembered above all for his fairy tales and he was born in the city in 1805 and spent his childhood years there. There has been settlement in the Odense area for over 4,000 years, although the name was not mentioned in writing until 988. Canute IV of Denmark, generally considered to be the last Viking king, was murdered by peasants in Odenses St Albans Priory on 10 July 1086. Although the city was burned in 1249 following a royal rivalry, in 1865, one of the largest railway terminals in Denmark was built, further increasing the population and commerce, and by 1900, Odense had reached a population of 35,000. Odenses Odinstårnet was one of the tallest towers in Europe when built in 1935 but was destroyed by the Nazis during World War II, the University of Southern Denmark was established in 1966. In the present day, Odense remains the hub of Funen. Several major industries are located in the city including the Albani Brewery and GASA, Denmarks major dealer in vegetables, fruits and flowers. In sports, Odense has a number of clubs including OB, BM, B1909, and B1913, the Odense Bulldogs professional ice hockey team. Odense is served by Hans Christian Andersen Airport and Odense station, Odense is one of Denmarks oldest cities. Archaeological excavations in the vicinity show proof of settlement for over 4,000 years since at least the Stone Age, the earliest community was centred on the higher ground between the Odense River to the south and Naesbyhoved Lake to the north. Nonnebakken, one of Denmarks former Viking ring fortresses, lay to the south of the river, today, Odenses Møntergården Museum has many artefacts related to the early Viking history in the Odense area. The Vikings built numerous fortifications along the banks to defend it against invaders coming in from the coast. The first church in Odense appears to have been St Marys, the territory, previously part of the vast Archbishopric of Hamburg, was created a Catholic diocese in 988. The first recorded bishops of Odense were Odinkar Hvide and Reginbert, recent excavations have shown that from the early 11th century, the town developed in the area around Albani Torv, Fisketorvet, Overgade and Vestergade. By 1070, Odense had already grown into a city of stature in Denmark, the priory no longer exists, although a church has been situated on the site since about 900. At the beginning of the 12th century, Benedictine monks from England founded St Canutes Abbey and it was here the English monk Ælnoth wrote Denmarks first literary work, Vita et Passio S. Canuti
3. Port of Odense – Odense Harbour is the port of Odense, Denmark. Founded in 1803, Denmarks only canal harbour is the seventh largest commercial port in terms of turnover. It consists primarily of Inner Harbour, at the end of Odense Canal, and Odense Steel Terminal of Munkebo, the port has a land area of approximately 4,000,000 square metres and a water area of almost 1,000,000 square metres. Its industrial importance has declined since the 1960s, but a transformation is underway, including new residential, in 2012, Port of Odense purchased the site of the former Odense Steel Shipyard which had been Denmarks second-largest shipbuilding facility. Lindø Industrial Park is now being developed on the site with an emphasis on working in the off-shore sector. Odenses inland location became a more serious problem for the city with the development of industry. Towards the end of the century, the prefect Friedrich Buchwald suggested connecting it to the sea by means of a canal, a huge undertaking at the time, it took some 200 workers eight years to complete the 5 km of excavation work, largely using spades and barrows. The canal was completed in October 1807 when the yacht Neptunus was able to sail into the new harbour, by 1805, up to 12 vessels could be seen in the small dock. The canal contributed to the growing prosperity as warehouses and customs offices were built along the quayside. But by the half of the 19th century, with the advent of larger ships. In 1885, a new basin opened east of the old one and in 1904 the canal was deepened and widened, the harbour became a major hub for the import and export of coal and was a regular destination for steamships. Despite a serious fire in 1925, the continued to prosper. Fine new warehouses were constructed, many of which can still be seen today, during the German occupation of Denmark in the Second World War, shortly before work on the mine-layer Linz was completed, the ship was sabotaged by Sigurd Weber, an electrician. When the Germans attempted to have the work completed under armed guard, the revolt soon spread to other industries and towns, resulting in the termination of the Danish governments cooperation with the Germans on 29 August 1943. The last extension to the inner harbour occurred in 1964 with a new dock to the west, thereafter growth stagnated as larger vessels were unable to navigate the canal. As a result, in 1992 a new harbour known as the Lindø Terminal was built near Munkebo and it continues to cater for most of the ports shipping today. The Port of Odense comprises two main harbours, the harbour in the city area and the industrial harbour at Lindø near Munkebo to the north. The commercial harbour has three basins or docks, stretching some 3,350 m along the quay, Odense Havn owns 2,000 m of the quayside while Odense Municipality owns the remaining 1,350 m
4. Nakskov Fjord – Nakskov Fjord is an inlet in the west of the island of Lolland, Denmark. There are about 10 small islands located in the fjord, the largest town in the area is Nakskov. The place is also a bird sanctuary. Naksov Fjord is situated at the end of Lolland. Nakskov is the largest town in the area, along with the towns of Langø. The southern edge of the fjord is made by the 7.5 kilometer long curved strip of grassland called Albuen while the edge lies near the small town of Tårs. A ferry commutes between Tårs and Spodsbjerg, along the fjord, just outside Nakskov, is situated the beautiful beach, Hestehovedet. The fjord is about 12 kilometers long, the depth is usually shallow, around 1–2 meters but reaches a maximum of 8.5 meters at the port of Nakskov. There are around 10 islands in the fjord along with smaller islets. The largest islands are named Enehøje, Vejlø and Slotø, two post-boats Vesta and Gaia take the mail from Nakskov to the residents in these small islands. Tourists can also go with these boats and enjoy the fjord, the inner fjord is the part of the fjord that narrows and reaches Nakskov. It is located next to the town center. Along the inner fjord are walking tracks, the area is also good for fishing. Many bird species nest in the fjord area and are especially of interest for bird-watchers. Nakskov fjord is a Natura 2000 protected bird habitat since May,1983, the total surface area of the protected habitat is 85 km2. Many species of birds are found in the fjord and the fjord area including mute swan, crested grebe, gadwall, shoveler, pochard, tufted duck. During the migration season such species as little gull and black tern can also be seen, the fjord is also a protected habitat for dolphins and porpoises. The area is popular with tourists as well as with the local population
5. Odense station – Odense Station is the main railway station serving the city of Odense, Denmark. Situated as a station on the Copenhagen–Fredericia/Taulov line, it is also the terminus of the Svendborgbanen railway line between Odense and Svendborg. The first station in Odense, now demolished, opened in 1865 as the line across the island of Funen was completed. The current station building opened in 1995, the current station building is Odenses third, having opened on 15 September 1995. The first one, now demolished, opened in 1865 with the rest of the line across Funen. The Danish Railway Museum is located in the roundhouse immediately north of Odense station
6. Odense Palace – The main white Baroque building with 13 bays was designed by J. C. Krieger and completed in 1723. The Knights of St John are first mentioned in Odense in 1280 and they appear to have acquired a monastery around 1400, during the next century it grew into their second largest and most important house in Denmark, after the mother house at Antvorskov. The south wing and the oldest part of the east wing date to the first half of the 15th century, there are walled-up windows, in the churchyard there are ruins of the hospice, which was one of the most important social service institutions in mediaeval Odense. In 1536, after the Reformation, the became the property of the king and was given the name Odensegård. The monasterys property was merged with that of Næsbyhoved Castle, under the name Odensegård Seigneury, the first holder of the estate was Claus Daa. The remaining monks were allowed to stay, but had to share the premises with him, the seignors lived on their own properties in the summer and spent the winter at Odensegård. In the 1570s, Frederick II had the monastery rebuilt to house the royal family when they stayed there. This rebuilding was completed in 1575, with the royal bedchambers and reception rooms being located in the west wing, the residence in the east wing. An additional story was added to all the wings, bringing them to their present height, the building then remained almost unchanged until 1720. During the Dano-Swedish wars in the century, Odense was occupied by the Swedes. The furnishings were all destroyed, used as kindling for the fireplaces, with the introduction of the absolute monarchy in 1660, Denmark replaced feudalism with government by amt, and the palace became the residence of the administrator of the Amt of Funen. When the king arrived with his attendants and court, the amt administrator was responsible for accommodating them, Frederick IV made many circuits of his realm, and was dissatisfied with Odensegård. He therefore commissioned Johan Cornelius Krieger to rebuild the palace, the king was pleased, especially with the new gardens, and visited several times, on 12 October 1730, he died there. After his death, the kings stayed at the only in passing. After Denmark lost Norway in 1814, the Crown Prince, later Christian VIII and his wife, Caroline Amalie, was very popular in Odense, where she took an active part in improving peoples lives. From 1816 to 1847, Odense Palace was the seat of government on Funen by successive crown princes, as a young boy, Andersen also played with the young Prince Frits, later Frederick VII, who in turn was Governor of Funen from 1839 to 1848. He spent much time in Odense, happy to be away from Copenhagen and he lived in the palace with his second wife, Mariane of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and thoroughly restored it. On 20 January 1848 Frederick became king, when he soon afterwards left Odense to live in Copenhagen, many of the large rooms in the palace were now unused, and in 1860 it was therefore decided to use part of the basement level as a museum
7. Hans Christian Andersen Airport – Hans Christian Andersen Airport is a small airport serving the Danish city of Odense. It is located in the village of Beldringe, some 9 km north-northwest of the city, the airstrip was constructed for military purposes in the early 1940s during the German occupation of Denmark. Passenger numbers from the airport fell significantly after the Great Belt Fixed Link was opened in 1998, effective 1 January 2007, the airport is owned by Odense, Nordfyn and Kerteminde municipalities. In 2000, a joint venture was established with Plane Station Denmark A/S for operating the facility, the arrangement was later terminated with politicians citing the low number of flights from the facility, and operations were resumed by the county and municipalities. In 2006, flights commenced between Odense and northern Italy and in 2007, a route operated from Odense to Nîmes, there were also flights to Burgas but these were cancelled by Hemus Air citing that the airstrip was too short. Tyrkiet Eksperten cancelled a scheduled route to Turkey citing the same concern, in 2007, the airstrip was extended to 2,000 meters. Media related to Odense Airport at Wikimedia Commons Official website Airport information for EKOD at World Aero Data, Data current as of October 2006
8. Odense University Hospital – Odense University Hospital is the largest and most specialized hospital in Southern Denmark. In terms of beds it is also the largest hospital unit in the whole country, OUH is both Odenses and Funens largest single workplace. It has a budget of just under 3,5 billion DKK and employs 7.700 staff. Of these,1.300 are medical doctors, until 2007 the hospital was operated by Funen county, but due to governmental restructuring, it has since been driven by the Region of Southern Denmark. In addition to reading Driver, OUH has a research activity. The hospital tower block, listed in 1960, is 57 metres high, has 15 floors and is Odenses tallest building, Hospital Pharmacy Fyn is located at the university hospital. From the university hospital area there is a walkway to the Odense Sygehus Station operated by Svendborgbanen and this concerns Svendborg Hospital, Dagklinik Faaborg, Hospital Unit Nyborg, Hospital Unit Ringe and Hospital Unit Aero. The Region of Southern Denmark in 2007 published plans to build a new teaching hospital near the University of Southern Denmark in the south of Odense. The new hospital will be one of the most modern and advanced hospitals in northern Europe,75.000 hospitalized patients, which together spend about 340,000 bed days per year Approx. 55.000 emergency room visits per year 1225 Odense University Hospitals website
9. Funen – Funen, with an area of 3,099.7 square kilometres, is the third-largest island of Denmark, after Zealand and Vendsyssel-Thy. It is the 165th-largest island in the world and it is in the central part of the country and has a population of 466,284. The main city is Odense which is connected to the sea by a seldom-used canal, the citys shipyard, Odense Steel Shipyard, has been relocated outside Odense proper. Funen belongs administratively to the Region of Southern Denmark, from 1970 to 2006 the island formed the biggest part of Funen County, which also included the islands of Langeland, Ærø, Tåsinge, and a number of smaller islands. Funen is linked to Zealand, Denmarks largest island, by the Great Belt Bridge which carries both trains and cars, two bridges connect Funen to the Danish mainland, Jutland. The Old Little Belt Bridge was constructed in the 1930s shortly before World War II for both cars and trains, the New Little Belt Bridge, a suspension bridge, was constructed in the 1970s and is used for cars only. Apart from the city, Odense, all major towns are located in coastal areas. Beginning in the north-east of the island and moving clockwise, they are Kerteminde, Nyborg, Svendborg, Fåborg, Assens, Middelfart, the highest natural point on Funen is Frøbjerg Bavnehøj. Broholm Egeskov Castle Fynske Livregiment Horne Church Hvedholm Castle Korshavn, Denmark Skrøbelev Gods The Funen Village Funen brachteate in the collections of the National Museum of Denmark, official tourist information site for Funen