NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps, known informally as the NOAA Corps, is one of seven federal uniformed services of the United States, operates under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a scientific agency overseen by the Department of Commerce. The NOAA Corps is made up of scientifically and technically trained officers and is the smallest of the U. S. uniformed services. It is one of only two––the other being the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps––that consists only of commissioned officers, with no enlisted or warrant officer ranks; the NOAA Corps was established in 1970, though its origins in its predecessor organizations date back to 22 May 1917. It is the successor to the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps and the United States Environmental Science Services Administration Commissioned Officer Corps; the NOAA Corps is the smallest of the seven uniformed services of the United States Government.
It has over 300 commissioned officers. The NOAA Corps today provides a cadre of professionals trained in engineering, earth sciences, meteorology, fisheries science, other related disciplines. NOAA Corps officers operate NOAA ships, fly NOAA aircraft, manage research projects, conduct diving operations, serve in staff positions throughout NOAA, as well as in positions in the United States Merchant Marine, United States Department of Defense, the United States Coast Guard, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the United States Department of State. Like its predecessors, the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps and the ESSA Corps, the NOAA Corps provides a ready source of technically skilled officers which can be incorporated into the U. S. Armed Forces in time of war, in peacetime supports defense requirements in addition to its purely non-military scientific projects. While civilian personnel could perform many of its functions, the advantage of the NOAA Corps as a commissioned service is the quick response time of its personnel, which NOAA can shift among projects and to various places around the world as the need arises more and more than it could by reassigning or hiring civilian personnel to meet new or changing requirements.
The NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps traces its roots to the United States Geodetic Survey. The Coast and Geodetic Survey's predecessor, the United States Survey of the Coast – renamed the United States Coast Survey in 1836 – was founded in 1807 under President Thomas Jefferson; until the American Civil War, the Coast Survey was manned by civilian personnel working with United States Army and United States Navy officers. During the Civil War, Army officers were withdrawn from Coast Survey duty, never to return, while all but two Navy officers were withdrawn from Coast Survey service for the duration of the war. Since most men of the Survey had Union sympathies, most stayed on with the Survey rather than resigning to serve the Confederate States of America. S. Navy and Union Army, these Coast Surveyors are the professional ancestors of today's NOAA Corps; those Coast Surveyors supporting the Union Army were given assimilated military rank while attached to a specific command, but those supporting the U.
S. Navy operated as civilians and ran the risk of being executed as spies if captured by the Confederates while working in support of Union forces. After the war, U. S. Navy officers returned to duty with the Coast Survey, given authority over geodetic activities in the interior of the United States in 1871, was subsequently renamed the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey in 1878. With the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, the Navy again withdrew all of its officers from Coast and Geodetic Survey assignments, they returned after the war ended in August 1898, but the system of U. S. Navy officers and men crewing the Survey's ships that had prevailed for most of the 19th century came to an end when the appropriation law––approved on June 6, 1900––provided for "all necessary employees to man and equip the vessels," instead of Navy personnel; the law took effect on July 1, 1900. From July 1900, the Coast and Geodetic Survey continued as an civilian-manned organization until after the United States entered World War I in April 1917.
To avoid the dangers that Coast Survey personnel had faced during the Civil War of being executed as spies if captured by the enemy, the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps was established on 22 May 1917, giving Coast and Geodetic Survey officers a commissioned status so that under the laws of war, they could not be executed as spies if they were captured while serving as surveyors on a battlefield during World War I. The creation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps ensured that in wartime a set of officers with technical skills in surveying could be assimilated into the United States armed forces so that their skills could be employed in military and naval work essential to the war effort. Before World War I ended in November 1918, over half of all Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps officers had served in the U. S. Army, U. S. Navy, or United States Marine Corps, performing duty as artillery orienteering officers, as minelaying officers in the North Sea, as navigators aboard troop transports, as intelligence officers, as officers on the staff of American Expedit
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Herbert C. Hoover Building
The Herbert C. Hoover Building is the Washington, D. C. headquarters of the United States Department of Commerce. The building is located at 1401 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D. C. on the block bounded by Constitution Avenue NW to the south, Pennsylvania Avenue NW to the north, 15th Street NW to the west, 14th Street NW to the east. It is located in the Federal Triangle, east of President's Park South, north of the National Mall, west of other Department of Commerce buildings, the John A. Wilson Building, the Ronald Reagan Building; the building is owned by the General Services Administration. Completed in 1932, it was renamed after Herbert Hoover in 1981. Hoover served as Secretary of Commerce and President; the closest Washington Metro station is Federal Triangle. The White House Visitor Center is in the Hoover Building; the Department of Commerce was established after President William Howard Taft signed legislation creating the department on his last day in office, March 4, 1913, splitting the former Department of Commerce and Labor into the Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor.
In 1928, Congress authorized the purchase of land in what is now known as the Federal Triangle for departmental offices. The authorization was part of a wave of government construction. Soon afterward Treasury Secretary Andrew W. Mellon and the Board of Architectural Consultants, composed of leading architects and headed by Edward H. Bennett of the Chicago architectural firm of Bennett and Frost, developed design guidelines for the site. Under Bennett's direction, each member of the board designed one of the buildings in the Federal Triangle complex to "provide each government agency or bureau with a building that would address its functional needs, while combining the individual buildings into a harmonious, monumental overall design expressive of the dignity and authority of the federal government."Louis Ayres, a member of the board, was selected as the architect for the Department of Commerce Building. Ayres, Arthur Brown Jr. and William Adams Delano were charged with forming the west end of the Triangle and creating an open green mall.
Construction began on October 4, 1927, when Herbert Hoover was the Secretary of Commerce, the cornerstone was laid on July 10, 1929, early in Hoover's presidential term. The building was completed in 1932; the building was renamed after Hoover in December 1981 by act of Congress. U. S. Representative Arlan Stangeland of Minnesota co-sponsored the bill and asked the House of Representatives to "pay tribute to this great Commerce Secretary," making no mention of Hoover's presidency, marked by the beginning of the Great Depression. Democratic Representative John G. Fary of Illinois, chairman of the House Subcommittee on Public Buildings and Grounds brought the bill up for consideration as a favor to Republicans. An aide was quoted as saying, "He was a little concerned what some people might think of him bringing up a bill to honor Herbert Hoover in the midst of a Republican recession." The building was dedicated as the Herbert C. Hoover Building on April 25, 1983, coinciding with the release of the first volume of George H. Nash's biography The Life of Herbert Hoover: The Engineer.
Only limited upgrades were made to the Herbert Hoover Building after 1932. By 2007, all other buildings in Federal Triangle had been renovated except the Herbert Hoover Building. In 2007, the General Services Administration announced an eight-phase, 13-year, $960 million modernization and renovation of the Herbert Hoover Building. In part, the renovation will provide the building with a modern technology infrastructure, modern offices and energy-saving fixtures, improved security; the National Capital Planning Commission approved the renovation project in 2007. The phases, each of, to last 18 months, include: Phase 1 — Construction of "swing space" to house staff while renovations occur. Phase 2 — Renovation of the interior Corridor 1. Phase 3 — Renovation of the interior and replacement of the roof on Corridor 2. Phase 4 — Renovation of the interior and replacement of the roof on Corridor 3. Phase 5 — Renovation of the interior and replacement of the roof on Corridor 4. Phase 6 — Renovation of the interior and replacement of the roof on Corridor 5.
Phase 7 — Renovation of the interior and replacement of the roof on Corridor 6. Phase 8 — Renovation of the interior and replacement of the roof on Corridor 2. GSA's Federal Building Fund will contribute $605 million toward the renovation, while the Department of Commerce's contribution i
Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere
The Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, or USC, is a high-ranking official in the United States Department of Commerce and the principal advisor to the United States Secretary of Commerce on the environmental and scientific activities of the Department. The Under Secretary is dual hatted as the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration within the Commerce Department; the Under Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the consent of the United States Senate to serve at the pleasure of the President. The current acting Under Secretary is Neal Jacobs, the agency’s assistant secretary for environmental observation and prediction, who took office on February 25, 2019, after being promoted to replace Timothy Gallaudet so that Gallaudet could focus on his Senate-confirmed post as the assistant secretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere. Donald Trump nominated former AccuWeather CEO Barry Myers to serve as Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on Oct 12, 2017.
His nomination was returned to President Trump by the Senate on January 3, 2018, resubmitted on January 8, 2018 returned again on January 3, 2019, resubmitted again on January 16, 2019. As the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Under Secretary oversees the day-to-day functions of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as well as laying out its strategic and operational future. Components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration that the Administrator oversees include the National Environmental Satellite and Information Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Ocean Service, National Weather Service and Atmospheric Research and Aviation Operations, the NOAA Corps. With the rank of Under Secretary, the USC is a Level III position within the Executive Schedule Since January 2010, the annual rate of pay for Level III is $165,300; the Under Secretary ranks fifth in the line of succession for the office of Secretary of Commerce.
The position of Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere was created by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Marine Fisheries Program Authorization Act of 1985. The position was created to serve as the Administrator of NOAA, it created an Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere to serve as Deputy Administrator of NOAA. William Evans was the first person to have the title of Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere; the position of Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration was created earlier by the Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1970. Officials reporting to the USC/Administrator include: Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Conservation and Management/Deputy Administrator Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction/Deputy Administration NOAA Chief Scientist Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Operations Assistant Administrator, National Marine Fisheries Service Assistant Administrator, National Ocean Service Assistant Administrator, National Environmental Satellite and Information Service Assistant Administrator and Atmospheric Research Assistant Administrator, National Weather Service Assistant Administrator, Program Planning and Integration From 1970 to 1988, the head of NOAA was the NOAA Administrator.
Starting with Bill Evans in 1988, that person held the title of Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce that serves as the President's principal adviser on telecommunications policies pertaining to the United States' economic and technological advancement and to regulation of the telecommunications industry. Among its stated goals are: Working to ensure that all Americans have affordable phone and cable TV service. Helping to bring the benefits of advanced telecommunications technologies to millions of Americans in rural and underserved urban areas through its information infrastructure grants. Providing the hardware that enables public radio and television broadcasters to extend and maintain the reach of their programming. Advocating competition and liberalization of telecommunications policies around the world. Participating in international government-to-government negotiations to open markets for U. S. companies. Negotiating with foreign governments to ensure adequate spectrum for national defense, public safety, U.
S. business needs. Promoting efficient use of federal radio spectrum and encouraging the development and implementation of new and emerging telecommunications technologies. Performing long-term research to explore uses of higher frequency spectrum. Working with Federal and local public safety agencies to address future spectrum requirements; the Office of Policy Analysis and Development is the domestic policy division of the NTIA. OPAD is responsible for executing and managing research and analysis and preparing policy recommendations for the Executive Branch; the domestic policy office is responsible for creating policies that promote innovation and growth, both politically and economically, that provide for American businesses and consumers, alike. These policies affect how Americans use and gain access to the wireless services like the Internet, telephone service and video programming. Issues the OPAD deals with include making sure all Americans have access to integrated broadband services, content is regulated to keep children safe on the Internet, competition in the telecommunication and information industries are cooperative and that users privacies are protected.
Additionally, OPAD carries out research, files reports and formal comments, proposes and respondes to federal legislation for the Federal Communications Commission and other regulatory committees. The Office of International Affairs is responsible for developing and the implementation of policies to strengthen U. S. companies' ability to compete worldwide in both the Information Technology and Communications sectors. In consultation with other U. S. agencies and the U. S. private sector, OIA partakes in both international and regional conferences and conventions to advocate for policies that open Information and communications technology markets and boost competition. The two main goals of the OIA are to: Formulate international ICT policy and strategies: By leveraging the knowledge of the Office of Spectrum Management, Office of Policy Analysis and Development, Office of Telecommunications and Information Applications, the Institute for Telecommunications Sciences, the OIA can provide important policy and technical breakdowns to the U.
S. negotiators and interagency consignments. The OIA provides long-lasting advice to the Executive Branch contemplating the management of the Internet’s domain name and numbering system, critical to the overall infrastructure. Advocate U. S. policy interests The goal of the OIA here is to foster pro-competitive and flexible policy environments that:Carry the profits of ICTs to the global community Open up foreign market opportunities for U. S. Telecommunications and Information Technology companies Observe the esteemed role of all stakeholders in the production and facilitation of the Internet as well as telecommunications policy issues occurring in the ICT communityThe OIA staff helps to participate in U. S. delegations of many different meetings in which global telecommunications and information policy is discussed and developed by providing the negotiators critical policy and expertise advice. The Institute for Telecommunication Sciences is the research and engineering laboratory of the NTIA.
ITS provides technical support to NTIA by further advancing telecommunications and information infrastructure development, strengthening domestic competition, enhancing U. S. telecommunications trade deals, as well as promoting a more effective use of the radio spectrum. Additionally, ITS serves as a key Federal appliance in investigating the current telecommunications’ challenges of other Federal agencies and local governments, private corporations and associations, international organizations; the Office of Telecommunications and Information Applications collaborates public and non-profit entities in productively using telecommunications and information technologies to complete national goals in addition to adequately providing public services. The OTIA is currently administering programs that are helping the nation's switch to digital television, the Broadband Technology Opportunity Program, Public Safety Interoperable Communications Grant Program. Additionally the OTIA is involved with the Public Telecommunications Facilities Program, a competitive grant program that assists public broadcasting stations and local governments, Indian Tribes, non-profit organizations construct facilities to bring educational and cultural programs to the American Public using telecommunication broadcast technologies.
Funds are allocated to support the Pan-Pacific Educational and Cultural Experiments by Satellite project, which provides satellite-delivered education and environmental emergency telecommunications to nume
National Hurricane Center
The National Hurricane Center is the division of the United States' National Weather Service responsible for tracking and predicting tropical weather systems between the Prime Meridian and the 140th meridian west poleward to the 30th parallel north in the northeast Pacific Ocean and the 31st parallel north in the northern Atlantic Ocean. The agency, co-located with the Miami branch of the National Weather Service, is situated on the campus of Florida International University in University Park, Florida; the NHC's Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch issues marine forecasts, in the form of graphics and high seas forecasts year round, with the Ocean Prediction Center having backup responsibility for this unit. The Technology and Science Branch provides technical support for the center, which includes new infusions of technology from abroad; the Chief, Aerial Reconnaissance Coordination, All Hurricanes unit tasks planes, for research and operational purposes, to tropical cyclones during the Atlantic hurricane season and significant weather events, including snow storms, during winter and spring.
Research to improve operational forecasts is done through the Hurricane Forecast Improvement Project and Joint Hurricane Test Bed initiatives. During the Atlantic and northeast Pacific hurricane seasons, the Hurricane Specialists Unit issues routine tropical weather outlooks for the northeast Pacific and northern Atlantic oceans; when tropical storm or hurricane conditions are expected within 48 hours, the center issues watches and warnings via the news media and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Radio. Although the NHC is an agency of the United States, the World Meteorological Organization has designated it as the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the North Atlantic and eastern Pacific, making it the clearinghouse for tropical cyclone forecasts and observations occurring in these areas. If the NHC loses power or becomes incapacitated, the Central Pacific Hurricane Center backs tropical cyclone advisories and tropical weather outlooks for the northeast Pacific Ocean while the Weather Prediction Center backs up tropical cyclone advisories and tropical weather outlooks for the North Atlantic Ocean.
The first hurricane warning service was set up in the 1870s from Cuba with the work of Father Benito Viñes. After his death, hurricane warning services were assumed by the United States Signal Corps and United States Weather Bureau over the next decade, first based in Jamaica in 1898 and Cuba in 1899 before shifting to Washington, D. C. in 1902. The central office in Washington, which evolved into the National Meteorological Center and Weather Prediction Center, assumed hurricane warning/advisory responsibility at that time; this responsibility passed to regional hurricane offices in 1935, the concept of the Atlantic hurricane season was established to keep a vigilant lookout for tropical cyclones during certain times of the year. Hurricane advisories issued; the Jacksonville hurricane warning office moved to Miami, Florida, in 1943. Tropical cyclone naming began for Atlantic tropical cyclones using the Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet by 1947. In 1950, the Miami Hurricane Warning Office began to prepare the annual hurricane season summary articles.
In the 1953 Atlantic season, the United States Weather Bureau began naming storms which reach tropical storm intensity with human names. The National Hurricane Research Project, begun in the 1950s, used aircraft to study tropical cyclones and carry out experiments on mature hurricanes through its Project Stormfury. On July 1, 1956, a National Hurricane Information Center was established in Miami, which became a warehouse for all hurricane-related information from one United States Weather Bureau office; the Miami Hurricane Warning Office moved from Lindsey Hopkins Hotel to the Aviation Building 4 miles to the northwest on July 1, 1958. Forecasts within the hurricane advisories were issued one day into the future in 1954 before being extended to two days into the future in 1961, three days into the future in 1964, five days into the future in 2001; the Miami HWO moved to the campus of the University of Miami in 1964, was referred to as the NHC in 1965. The Miami HWO tropical cyclone reports were done and took on their modern format in 1964.
Beginning in 1973, the National Meteorological Center duties gained advisory responsibility for tracking and publicizing inland tropical depressions. The World Meteorological Organization assumed control of the Atlantic hurricane naming list in 1977. In 1978, the NHC's offices moved off the campus of the University of Miami across U. S. Highway 1 to the IRE Financial Building. Male names were added into the hurricane list beginning in the 1979 season; the hurricane warning offices remained active past 1983. In 1984, the NHC was separated from the Miami Weather Service Forecast Office, which meant the meteorologist in charge at Miami was no longer in a supervisory position over the hurricane center director. By 1988, the NHC gained responsibility for eastern Pacific tropical cyclones as the former Eastern Pacific Hurricane Center in San Francisco was decommissioned. In 1992, Hurricane Andrew blew the WSR-57 weather radar and the anemometer off the roof of NHC's/the Miami State Weather Forecast offices.
The radar was replaced with a WSR-88D NEXRAD system in April 1993 installed near Metro Zoo, near where Hurricane Andrew made landfall. In 1995, the NHC moved into a new hurricane-resistant facility on the campus of Florida International University, capable of wi
Wilbur Louis Ross Jr. is an American investor and the current United States Secretary of Commerce. On November 30, 2016, then-President-elect Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Ross for that post. On February 27, 2017, the Senate confirmed him in a 72–27 vote, he was sworn into office on February 28, 2017. Before he was appointed, Ross was a banker known for restructuring failed companies in industries such as: steel, telecommunications, foreign investment and textiles and who specialized in leveraged buyouts and distressed businesses. In February 2017, Forbes magazine reported. However, financial disclosure forms Ross filed after his nomination for Secretary of Commerce showed less than $700 million in assets, Forbes removed him from their billionaires list in November 2017, he is called the "King of Bankruptcy" because of his record of buying bankrupt companies in the manufacturing and steel industries, selling them for a large profit after operations improve. In November 2017, leaked documents known as the Paradise Papers showed that Ross had failed to disclose a financial interest in a Russian company during his confirmation hearings.
During the 2018-2019 U. S. federal government shutdown, Ross was criticized for making comments perceived as being out of touch with average American citizens after expressing bewilderment on CNBC about why furloughed, unpaid workers and contractors would choose to visit food banks rather than apply for a personal loan. In February 2019 it was reported that Ross' financial disclosure was rejected by the United States Office of Government Ethics after reporting he sold bank stock that other reports indicate he did not sell on his annual financial disclosure. Ross was born on November 28, 1937, in Weehawken, New Jersey, grew up in nearby North Bergen, his father, Wilbur Louis Ross Sr. was a lawyer who became a judge, his mother, was a school teacher. Ross drove two hours a day from New Jersey to attend the Catholic college preparatory Xavier High School in Manhattan, he was captain of the rifle team. He received his bachelor's degree from his father's alma mater. At Yale, Ross worked at the radio station.
He wanted to be a writer, but after his experience in a fiction class requiring 500 words daily, he concluded that he had "run out of material." His faculty adviser at Yale helped. He earned his MBA degree at Harvard Business School. After obtaining his MBA from Harvard, Ross launched his career, working for money-management firms and investment banks. In the late 1970s, Ross began his 24-year employment with the New York City office of N M Rothschild & Sons, where he ran the bankruptcy-restructuring advisory practice. In the 1980s, Donald Trump was in financial trouble, his three casinos in Atlantic City were under foreclosure threat from lenders. Ross, the senior managing director of Rothschild Inc. represented investors in the casino. Along with Carl Icahn, Ross convinced bondholders to strike a deal with Trump that allowed Trump to keep control of the casinos. Ross's private equity fund, WL Ross & Company, was created in April 2000, he had started a $200 million fund at Rothschild to invest in distressed assets.
As the U. S. bubble began to burst, he decided he wanted to advise less. In 2000, the 62-year-old banker raised $450 million to buy out the fund from Rothschild and make further investments in distressed assets; the new firm was named WL Co.. In 2003 investment committee was composed of David H. Storper, David L. Wax, Stephen J. Toy, Pamela K. Wilson, a J. P. Morgan & Co. veteran. In 2006 Ross sold WL Ross & Co. to Invesco Amvescap. WL Ross operates as a subsidiary of Invesco. In August 2016, Ross agreed to reimburse investors $11.8 million and pay a fine of $2.3 million to settle a Securities and Exchange Commission probe into the overcharging of fees by WL Ross & Co. The company did not admit any liability. According to Bloomberg Businessweek, by January 2016, WL Ross & Co. was the "biggest investor" in "Navigator Holdings, a liquefied gas shipping company."In December 2017, Irish politician and Member of the European Parliament Luke Ming Flanagan accused Ross of insider trading from WL Ross, as part of a 2014 sale of shares in the Bank of Ireland.
In 2002, Ross founded International Steel Group after purchasing the assets of several bankrupt steel companies. Ross had support from the local steelworkers union, negotiating a deal with them to "save" Pennsylvania's steel industry. Leo Gerard, international president of the United Steelworkers union stated about Ross that "he was open and accessible and candid and honest and he put a lot of money back into the mills, so tens of thousands of jobs were saved." Ross sold International Steel Group to Mittal Steel Company for $4.5 billion, half in cash and half in stock, in April 2005. Ross combined Burlington Industries and Cone Mills in 2004 to form International Textile Group. ITG operates five businesses, all of which operate under separate brand names: Cone Denim, Burlington Apparel Fabrics, Home Furnishings, Carlisle Finishing and Nano-Tex. In 2005, Ross purchased 77.3% of Safety Components International for $51.2 million. In 2006, Ross merged the firm into his International Textile Group.
In February 2014, Ross paid $81 million to settle a lawsuit brought by shareholders that Ross breached his fiduciary duty when structuring the merger of two companies that he majority-owned: Safety Components International Inc. and International Textile Group Inc. International Textile Group was sold to private equity firm Platinum E