The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights or the UN Human Rights Office, is a department of the Secretariat of the United Nations that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. The office was established by the UN General Assembly on 20 December 1993 in the wake of the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights; the office is headed by the High Commissioner for Human Rights, who co-ordinates human rights activities throughout the UN System and acts as the secretariat of the Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland. The current High Commissioner is Michelle Bachelet of Chile, who succeeded Zeid Raad Al Hussein of Jordan on 1 September 2018. In 2018–2019, the department had a budget of US $201.6 million, 1,300 employees based in Geneva and New York City. It is an ex officio member of the Committee of the United Nations Development Group.
The mandate of OHCHR derives from Articles 1, 13 and 55 of the Charter of the United Nations, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action and General Assembly resolution 48/141 of 20 December 1993, by which the Assembly established the post of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. In connection with the programme for reform of the United Nations, the OHCHR and the Centre for Human Rights were consolidated into a single OHCHR on 15 September 1997; the objectives of OHCHR are to: Promote universal enjoyment of all human rights by giving practical effect to the will and resolve of the world community as expressed by the United Nations Play the leading role on human rights issues and emphasize the importance of human rights at the international and national levels Promote international cooperation for human rights Stimulate and coordinate action for human rights throughout the United Nations system Promote universal ratification and implementation of international standards Assist in the development of new norms Support human rights organs and treaty monitoring bodies Respond to serious violations of human rights Undertake preventive human rights action Promote the establishment of national human rights infrastructures Undertake human rights field activities and operations Provide education, information advisory services and technical assistance in the field of human rights The OHCHR is divided into organizational units, as described below.
The OHCHR is headed by a High Commissioner with the rank of Under-Secretary-General. The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, accountable to the Secretary-General, is responsible for all the activities of the OHCHR, as well as for its administration, carries out the functions assigned to him or her by the UN General Assembly in its resolution 48/141 of 20 December 1993 and subsequent resolutions of policy-making bodies, it advises the Secretary-General on the policies of the United Nations in the area of human rights, ensures that substantive and administrative support is given to the projects, activities and bodies of the human rights program, represents the Secretary-General at meetings of human rights organs and at other human rights events, carries out special assignments as decided by the Secretary-General. As well as those human rights that are included in binding treaties, the High Commissioner promotes human rights yet to be recognized in international law; the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in the performance of his or her activities, is assisted by a Deputy High Commissioner who acts as Officer-in-Charge during the absence of the High Commissioner.
In addition, the Deputy High Commissioner carries out specific substantive and administrative assignments as decided by the High Commissioner. The Deputy is accountable to the High Commissioner; the current Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights is the Australian national Kate Gilmore. The Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights based in New York City heads the New York Office of the High Commissioner; the New York Office represents the High Commissioner at United Nations Headquarters in New York and promotes the integration of human rights in policy processes and activities undertaken by inter-governmental and inter-agency bodies at the United Nations. The post of Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights was created in 2010, when Ivan Šimonović was appointed to the position; the current Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, since 2016, is Andrew Gilmour. The Staff Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights is headed by a Chief, accountable to the High Commissioner.
The core functions of the Staff Office are to: assist the High Commissioner in the overall direction and supervision of the activities of the human rights program assist the High Commissioner in the formulation, communication and evaluation of policies and activities for the promotion and protection of human rights assist the High Commissioner in maintaining relations with Governments, other United Nations agencies and entities, international organizations and national institutions, non-governmental organizations, the private sector and academia assist the High Commissioner in maintaining liaison on policy matters with the Executive Office of the Secretary-General and other relevant offices at Headquarters, as well as with the spokespersons of the Secretary-General at New York City an
The 18th Congressional District of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in the northern suburbs and exurbs of New York City. It is represented by Democrat Sean Maloney; the 18th district includes all of Orange County and Putnam County, as well as parts of southern Dutchess County and northeastern Westchester County. The district includes Newburgh and Poughkeepsie. From 2002-2013, the 18th district included part of Rockland County, it included Larchmont, New Rochelle, the Town of Pelham, Tarrytown, White Plains as well as most of New City and Yonkers. The redrawn district is composed of the following percentages of voters of the 2003-2013 congressional districts: 1 percent from the 18th congressional district; the 18th District was created in 1813. For many years it was the upper Manhattan district, it was the east side Manhattan seat in the 1970s and a Bronx district in the 1980s, Following the 1992 remap it became a Westchester-based district with narrow corridor through the Bronx and a large portion of central Queens.
The 2002 remap gave those Queens areas to the 5th District and the 18th absorbed some Rockland areas due to the deconstruction of the old Orange-Rockland 20th District. In 2012, population lost in New York pushed the district further north, into the mid-Hudson Valley suburbs. 2013–Present: All of Orange and Putnam Parts of Dutchess and Westchester2003–2013: Parts of Rockland, Westchester1993–2003: Parts of Bronx, Westchester1983–1993: Parts of Bronx1913–1983: Parts of Manhattan1853–1873: Montgomery Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, the final candidate votes. List of United States congressional districts New York's congressional districts United States congressional delegations from New York Detailed Map of District Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress.
New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 2004 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2002 House election data " 2000 House election data " 1998 House election data " 1996 House election data "
Tarpaulin Sky Press is a small press publisher of hybrid texts as well as poetry and prose. Founded by Christian Peet in 2006 and based in Grafton, the company produces full-length books, trade paperbacks, hand-bound books, a literary journal that appears in online and paper editions, their trade paperbacks are distributed by Small Press Distribution, where three titles have appeared on the distributor's "bestsellers" list, including Danielle Dutton's Attempts at a Life, which stayed on the list for seven months. In addition to Dutton's book, the press's titles include the first full-length work of fiction by poet Joyelle McSweeney, the Sarcographer; the press's chapbooks include prose poetry and verse by Sandy Florian, Andrew Michael Roberts, Chad Sweeney. According to a Poets & Writers feature on small presses, Tarpaulin Sky editors are "intrigued by work that doesn’t announce its genre," and they "enjoy found items, odd constraints and mathematical constructs." They are "happy to read texts that are distinctly un-poetic... indices, job descriptions, instruction manuals, etc.".
The press's books have been described as "fresh, daring and significant.... The opposite of boring....an ominous conflagration devouring the bland terrain of conventional realism, the kind of work that tickles your inner ear, gives you the shivers, tricks your left brain into thinking that your right brain has staged a coup d'état."In November 2007, after thirteen online issues, Tarpaulin Sky Press published the first paper edition of its literary journal, Tarpaulin Sky. Since its creation, the journal has published over three hundred writers including Chris Abani, Brian Evenson, Matthea Harvey, Douglas A. Martin, Ethan Paquin, Eleni Sikelianos, Juliana Spahr, John Yau, among others. Since 2006, the content of the online journal has been curated by guest editors including Rebecca Brown, Bhanu Kapil, Selah Saterstrom. List of literary magazines Tarpaulin Sky official site Tarpaulin Sky journal
The Yedikule Surp Pırgiç Armenian Hospital is a hospital in the Yedikule quarter of Fatih district of Istanbul, established and continues to be managed by Turkish Armenians. Yedikule Surp Pırgiç Armenian Hospital's construction was started by Sultan II. Mahmut's edict in 1832 and hospital opened to service on 31 May 1834. Hospital is established by Ottoman Armenians led by Kazaz Artin Amira Bezciyan; the hospital today stands as a equipped, first-rate institution, serving the public, irrespective of ethnicity or religion. The hospital has a museum, Bedros Şirinoğlu Müzesi, inaugurated by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the Prime Minister of Turkey in 2004, which displays various artifacts and paintings belonging to the Armenian cultural heritage of Istanbul
The Progress Party was a minor Swedish political party that existed in various forms from 1968 to the 2000s, when local parties merged with the Sweden Democrats, or developed into distinct local parties. It was based in Scania, although it at times had active local chapters in other places. For a time, it saw itself as a Swedish equivalent of the Progress Party in Denmark and Progress Party in Norway; the party was founded on November 6, 1968 by Bertil Rubin, a former Member of Parliament for the Centre Party, the remains of the minor parties Medborgerlig samling and Samling för framsteg. The party soon had 10,000 members, planned to run for the 1970 elections, but failed because of economic problems; the party won only three mandates in Klippan, was dissolved as a national party following the defeat. The party lost all its mandates in Klippan after the 1973 local elections, through the 1970s was just active in the municipality of Motala; the party was refounded at a party congress in Norrköping in 1979, with Nils Lindgren of Motala as party chairman, the party for the first time ran in an election with a national list.
In 1979 and 1980, the party was visited by Mogens Glistrup of the Danish Progress Party, the party evolved into an outspokenly right-wing populist party through the 1980s, inspired by him. For the 1982 elections, the party changed its name to the Swedish Progress Party under the new chairman Stefan Herrmann, with chapters in Motala and Stockholm. Stickers included messages such as "AIDS comes from abroad", "the woman back to the stove" and "let the booze free". In the 1988 elections the party had its strongest base in Östergötland; the Swedish Progress Party was founded as a national party in a congress in Helsingborg on March 11, 1989. The party added to its base defectors from the Centre Democrats in Scania, Mittpartiet in Ånge, Löntagarepartiet in Åstorp and Kommunens Väl in Skurup. Tony Wiklander of Löntagarepartiet was elected as new party chairman, an established local politician in Åstorp with a history in the Left Party and Social Democrats. By 1990 the party claimed 2,000 members in 20 chapters around the country.
Wiklander was however expelled as chairman in June due to comments in the media that were seen as too extreme, his connections with the early Sweden Democrats and the New Swedish Movement. Wiklander chose to establish a new party with the old'Progress Party' name in October the same year, with economic support from millionaire Carl Lundström. In the electoral campaign for the 1991 elections, Wiklander's party among other things claimed that Swedes would become "a minority in their own country around the year 2055." In the elections, both parties won six mandates in municipalities in southern Sweden, Wiklander's party had become the most important local party in southern Sweden. In Åstorp, Wiklander's party started a cooperation with New Democracy and an immigration-skeptical faction of the Social Democrats; as New Democracy emerged with similar policies, this led the primary financier of the Progress Party, Carl Lundström, to change his support to New Democracy. The Helsingborg chapter of the party reshaped itself into Svensk Samling which merged into the Sweden Democrats in 1998.
Most of the leaders joined the National Democrats when that party was formed from the split of the Sweden Democrats in 2001. Most municipal chapters, including that of party leader Tony Wiklander's in Åstorp, however waited until after the split of the Sweden Democrats in 2001 and thereafter merged with the Sweden Democrats, the more moderate faction. In Åstorp, Kommunens framtid was formed in January 2002 as a replacement for the Progress Party for the 2002 elections. By 1997 the Progress Party had no more than 300 members. A local Progress Party was founded in Bjuv in March 2000, gaining two seats in the municipality in the 2002 elections. Allan Jönsson was the party chairman from the start. 1970 election. Bertil Rubin Nils Lundgren Stefan Herrmann Nils Lundgren Tony Wiklander Ulf Sundholm Carl-Eric Samuelsson Tony Wiklander
The Pittsburgh Panthers football program is the intercollegiate football team of the University of Pittsburgh referred to as "Pitt", located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Traditionally the most popular sport at the university, Pitt football has played at the highest level of American college football competition, now termed the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, since the beginning of the school's official sponsorship of the sport in 1890; as of the 2013 season, Pitt competes as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Pitt claims nine national championships and is among the top 20 college football programs in terms of all-time wins, its teams have featured many coaches and players notable throughout the history of college football, among all schools, the twelfth most College Football Hall of Fame inductees, the twelfth most consensus All-Americans, the fourth most Pro Football Hall of Fame inductees. The Panthers are coached by Pat Narduzzi. Pitt plays home games at Heinz Field which they share with the National Football League Pittsburgh Steelers and utilize the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Sports Performance Complex as their practice facility.
Football at the University of Pittsburgh began in the fall of 1889 when the school was still known as the Western University of Pennsylvania referred to as WUP, was located in what was known as Allegheny City and is today the city of Pittsburgh's North Side. A 130-pound WUP student, Bert Smyers, along with senior student John Scott, assembled a football team that year composed of only three players who had witnessed the sport; the team played in one informal game, a loss against Shady Side Academy, in which Smyers made himself quarterback and Scott played center. In preparation for the following year, the first season of football recognized by the university and his teammates took up a collection and purchased a football for practices and games. In Smyers' case, his uniform was pieced together by his sister; the first official game for the university was played on October 11, 1890, when the Allegheny Athletic Association's opponent, Shadyside Academy, failed to appear for its game at Exposition Park.
Allegheny A. A. called Smyers. In an inglorious start to Pitt football history, WUP was defeated 38–0. Smyers' team next faced Washington and Jefferson College, losing 32–0, but closed out its inaugural three game season with the university's first win, a 10–4 victory over Geneva College; the following season saw. Smyers suffered a broken nose in a 40–6 loss to Washington and Jefferson, a school that would become one of WUP's fiercest early rivals; the WUP team did record the school's first shutout with a 6–0 win over Geneva, as well as the school's first blowout in a 54–0 win over Western Pennsylvania Medical College who became affiliated with WUP in 1892 and became the university's medical school when they merged in 1908. The most important development for the second season of football was Smyers recruitment of Joseph Trees from Normal University of Pennsylvania; the 210 pound Trees became WUP's first subsidized athlete and in life, made millions in the oil industry and became an important benefactor for the university and athletic department.
Today, Trees Hall, an athletic facility on the University of Pittsburgh's main campus in the Oakland section of Pittsburgh, bears his name. The first winning record for the university came in the third season of competition in 1892, when the team posted a 4–2 record; the following season in 1893, the team had its first official coach, Anson F. Harrold, who led the team to an unremarkable 1–4 record. However, during that season the first contest was played in what would become a 100-game series versus Penn State, thus originating one of the longest and fiercest rivalries for both schools. In 1895, the school suffered a 1–6 season under coach J. P. Linn; the 1895 season was notable for the first Backyard Brawl on October 26, 1895, with WUP losing to West Virginia 8–0 in Wheeling, West Virginia. The university did not see another winning season until Fred Robinson led WUP to a 5–2–1 record in 1898. In 1899, Robinson continued his success with a 3–1–1 record, giving the school its first back-to-back winning seasons.
This was followed by two more consecutive winning seasons, including a record seven-win season in 1901 under coach Wilbur Hockensmith. That season, Hockensmith led the school to its first victory over West Virginia, a 12–0 shutout in Morgantown on October 5, 1901. In the early years of the 20th century, interest in college football grew both in Pittsburgh and throughout the nation. In 1903, Arthur St. Leger "Texas" Mosse was hired away from the University of Kansas, brought several of his players with him. Other players were recruited from surrounding Western Pennsylvania colleges, including star half back Joseph H. Thompson; the 1903 season, the first under Mosse, was the university's first winless season at 0–9–1. In one of the greatest turnarounds in college football history, Mosse led WUP to an undefeated 10–0 season, the school's first, in 1904; the 1904 team surrendered only one touchdown on the way to collectively outscoring opponents 406–5. That season saw the school's first victory over Penn State, a 22–5 rout, as well as a 53–0 shutout of West Virginia.
The success of this period can be attributed to actions taken by the university's administration, led by newly installed chancellor Samuel McCormick who took special interest in athletics at the university. Encouraged by university trustee George Hubberd Clapp, the administration more engaged in supporting the athletic progr