Bunnings Group, trading as Bunnings Warehouse, is an Australian household hardware chain. The chain has been owned by Wesfarmers since 1994, has stores in Australia and New Zealand. Bunnings was founded in Perth, Western Australia in 1887, by two brothers who had emigrated from England. A limited company focused on sawmilling, it became a public company in 1952 and subsequently expanded into the retail sector, purchasing several hardware stores. Bunnings began to expand into other states in the 1990s, opened its first warehouse-style store in Melbourne in 1994; the chain has 295 stores and over 30,000 employees. Bunnings has a market share of around 20 percent in the Australian retail hardware sector, with competing chains including Home Timber & Hardware, Mitre 10 and various independent retailers. In 1886 brothers Arthur and Robert Bunning left London to settle in Perth, Western Australia, soon gained a government building contract, which led to them founding a group of building companies which became Bunning Bros Pty Ltd.
They purchased their first sawmill the following year in the south west of Western Australia, over the next few years they concentrated more on sawmilling and timber distribution and less on building. The company expanded to include several new mills around Western Australia. In 1952, Bunnings Limited became a public company, expanded into retailing and purchased several hardware stores. In 1970, Bunnings bought the sawmilling operations of the Hawker Siddeley Group. In 1983, they bought out Millars Pty Ltd and, in 1990, the Alco Handyman hardware operations; the Victorian stores McEwans, owned by James McEwans Limited and the South Australian stores, Harry's & Lloyds were acquired by Bunnings in 1993, with many branches subsequently closed, leaving only the best performing sites. Bunnings Limited was bought out by Wesfarmers in 1994. In late 1995, the'Red Hammer' symbol was introduced and in June 1996, its trademark slogan "Lowest Prices Are Just The Beginning" was established. Both are still in use today.
After the acquisition of Bunnings by Wesfarmers, the first Bunnings Warehouse was opened in the Melbourne suburb of Sunshine by Victorian premier Jeff Kennett and Joe Boros, the managing director of Bunnings. This was followed by three other Melbourne stores. Subsequently, new warehouses have been opened, on average, every three months across Australia. Development in Sydney and Brisbane proved more difficult than in other areas, as large blocks of land in the metropolitan area were limited. In 1997, the remaining smaller-format McEwans stores were renamed "Bunnings". In August 2001, Wesfarmers bought the Howard Smith Group, owner of BBC Hardware Nock & Kirby, big-box offshoot, Hardwarehouse; this supplemented the Bunnings national network by several dozen stores, many of them large Hardwarehouse stores in Sydney and New Zealand. Hardwarehouse had been dominant in New South Wales and Queensland, but the purchase complemented Bunnings' prior domination in Victoria, where Hardwarehouse had only seven stores to Bunnings' twenty at the time of the buy-out.
The market leader at the time of purchase was Mitre 10 with 12% market share but inclusion of the Hardwarehouse and BBC Hardware stores brought Bunnings market share to 13.5%. Hardwarehouse and BBC Hardware stores retained their branding for a year, while television advertisements were tagged with each of Bunnings Warehouse, Hardwarehouse and BBC Hardware during this transition period. Lower-volume stores were closed and, in 2002, remaining Hardwarehouses were renamed Bunnings Warehouse. From 2004 to 2008, Bunnings purchased and re-branded Mitre 10 stores in Griffith, Kempsey and Wodonga, Magnet Mart in Griffith and a Mitre 10 Mega store in Modbury. In 2008 the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission looked into its acquisitions of five Mitre 10 stores, as it deemed the purchases would be anti-competitive. In February 2009, the ACCC allowed the purchases, finding that "the acquisition of the Mitre 10 stores did not alter the level of competition in the relevant market."Since the development of the Bunnings Warehouse stores, two general operational formats exist: Bunnings and Bunnings Warehouse.
The smaller "Bunnings" stores stock a more limited range of hardware, whereas the larger "Bunnings Warehouses" contain a more comprehensive hardware range and garden supplies including plants. Over time, some smaller-format Bunnings stores have been closed. However, 2015 saw six new stores open in Victoria in smaller regional markets and inner-suburban areas; the "big box" format comprises 167 stores of the network of 280. In February 2016, Bunnings' parent company Wesfarmers bought the United Kingdom-based hardware chain Homebase for £340 million; the chain's 265 stores in the UK and 15 in Ireland were intended to be rebranded with the Bunnings name within five years. The first Bunnings store in the UK was opened at the end of January 2017 in St Albans, four months than planned to ensure the adopted format was suited to the UK public; the company planned to use that store as a test model prior to fine-tuning and expanding in that region. In April 2017, they bought a former B&Q store in Folkestone, Kent to be the fifth Bunnings store in the UK.
On 25 May 2018, after mounting losses, Wesfarmers sold the UK and Ireland Bunnings/Homebase operation to the turnaround specialist Hilco for the nominal sum of £1. It was reported that the 24 stores rebranded as "Bunnings" would revert to the "Homebase" name. On weekends, Bunnings outlets host sausage sizzles and cake stalls for community groups and causes. Having become a ubiquitous part of the Bunnings Warehouse brand, its sausage sizzles have reached ic
Belconnen, Australian Capital Territory
Belconnen is the most inner suburb of the larger district of Belconnen in Canberra, Australia. Sharing its name with the larger district which encapsulates it, the suburb is surrounded with well developed infrastructure, planning which allows it sunset views from the Brindabellas on its western side; the suburb contains important amenities for the District of Belconnen including the Belconnen Town Centre and Lake Ginninderra as well as its own well populated residential areas. It is bounded by Ginninderra Drive, Aikman Drive, Eastern Valley Way, Belconnen Way and Coulter Drive, it has a number of parks such as Margaret Timpson Park, Eastern Valley Oval, on the foreshores of Lake Ginninberra, Diddams Close Park and John Knight Memorial Park. The name Belconnen has been associated with the district since the days of the early settlers. In the city of Canberra, suburbs are assigned street names that reflect a distinct sub-group of cultural or historical Australian significance; the streets in the suburb of Belconnen are named for Lord Mayors.
Belconnen Town Centre is the major commercial centre for the Canberra district of Belconnen and is located in the suburb of Belconnen. Belconnen Town Centre includes the region's major shopping centre, Westfield Belconnen, large government office buildings including Cameron Offices, Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Immigration and Citizenship, three bus stations; the service and trades area is located in the suburb's west. In this area can be found car dealers and repairers, petrol stations, hardware stores and many other specialty retailers. Lake Ginninderra College, a secondary college for years 11 and 12, is located on Emu Bank, on the south-eastern shore of Lake Ginninderra. Belconnen includes residential development areas, "Emu Ridge" in the south-east, "Ginninderra Heights" in the north-west and apartment buildings in Chandler and Beissel Streets. Emu Ridge is bounded by College Street, Eastern Valley Way and Belconnen Way. Emu Ridge consists of medium to high-density housing.
Emu Ridge is regarded as a suburb due to its distinct boundaries and because the name helps differentiate this part of the suburb from other parts of the suburb. Ginninderra Heights was the name given to the medium-density residential development centred on Totterdell Street in the north-west of Belconnen. At the 2016 census, the population of Belconnen was 6,657, including 80 Indigenous persons and 3,020 Australian-born persons. In 2011, 40.6 % of the population was the sixth highest for any Canberra suburb. 68.4% of dwellings were units or apartments and 30.6% were semi-detached, row or terrace house or townhouses. For the purposes of Australian federal elections for the House of Representatives, Belconnen is in the Division of Fenner. For the purposes of Australian Capital Territory elections for the ACT Legislative Assembly, Belconnen is in the Ginninderra electorate. Belconnen has the highest density of different kinds of rocks outcropping of any Canberra suburb, it is at the intersection of two faults.
These are the Winslade Fault. Green grey rhyodacite of the Walker Volcanics is in the south along Belconnen Way. Deakin Volcanics purple rhyodacite is around the north end of Josephson St. Deakin Volcanics green grey and purple rhyodacite goes east from Lathlain Dr to Chandler St. Grey green dacite and quartz andesite Hawkins Volcanics is in a strip from the north west corner heading south east between two branches of the Deakin fault to around Chandler St and Hennessey St. A porphyry of Green-grey Dacitic intrusive containing large white Feldspar crystals is west of Eastern Valley Way and in between the two arms of Lake Ginninderra. Glebe Farm Adamellite intrusion is found to east of Lake Ginninderra. Ordovician Pittman Formation greywacke is in the extreme south east and far north east of the town centre. Calcareous Shale from the Yass Subgroup is to the west of Lake Ginninderra. Dark grey and black laminated shale from the Acton Shale member is found on the west side of the Diddams Close Park in between the two arms of the lake
Curragh coal mine
The Curragh Coal Mine is an open-cut, coal mine located 30 km north of Blackwater in Central Queensland, Australia. The mine has coal reserves amounting to 88 million tonnes of coking coal, one of the largest coal reserves in Asia and the world; the mine had an annual production capacity of 7 million tonnes of coal. The mine covers 12,600 ha of the Rangal Coal measures in the Bowen Basin. In 2012, production at the mine was increased to 8.5 million tonnes a year. In the year operations changed from seven days per week to five. Curragh Coal Mine was owned by Wesfarmers Resources and has an expected mine life to 2025. Overburden is removed by Thiess. In 2017, Coronado Coal Group purchased Curragh Coal Mine from Wesfarmers Resources. Exports from the mine leave the Port of Gladstone; some of the coal is used to produce electricity at the Stanwell Power Station. Coal in Australia List of mines in Australia ≈
Kmart Australia Limited is an Australian chain of retail stores, owned by Wesfarmers. It operates 228 stores across Australia and New Zealand, with its head office located in Mulgrave, Melbourne. Kmart Australia Limited was born out of a joint venture between G. J Coles & Coy Limited and S. S. Kresge Company in the United States, with Kresge owning 51% of the common stock in the company, they began to develop Kmart stores in Australia in 1968. The first store opened in Burwood East, Victoria on 30 April 1969 with an estimated 40,000 people passing through the checkouts and taking in over $97,000 on the first day; the store was opened by Mrs HB Cunningham, wife of the president and chairman of S. S. Kresge Company The doors had been closed 45 minutes after opening as a safety measure; the site was renovated in 2010 to be a shopping mall known as Burwood One. In 1978 Kresge exchanged its 51% stake in Kmart Australia for a 20% stake in Coles. In 1994 Coles bought back all shares held by Kresge. Kmart expanded to New Zealand in 1988 with a store in Auckland.
A long-term licensing agreement between Sears allowed Wesfarmers to use the Kmart name in Australia and New Zealand. In August 2017, Wesfarmers purchased the Kmart brand name for use in Australia and New Zealand for $100 million outright, ending the licensing agreement. In 2006, Coles Group announced plans for Kmart, along with BI-LO and the Coles Group liquor brands, to be merged into the Coles brand; the first re-branded store was planned to open in 2007, with 40 stores former'Super K' stores divided last decade into separate Coles and Kmart stores, reformed into Coles Superstores. By March 2007 the plans for these super centres were deferred pending the sale of all or part of Coles Group, in August 2007, incoming owners Wesfarmers said super centres would certainly not proceed. Kmart's performance prior to the Wesfarmers takeover was poor. In May 2007, it reported a sales drop of 3.2% for the third quarter, an overall drop in sales of 3.9% for the first three-quarters. In August 2007 Wesfarmers said it would consider selling all or part of Kmart, or converting some stores to the Target brand.
Wesfarmers took control of Coles Group in November 2007 and by March 2008 had decided to retain Kmart and invest $300m in the chain over the next five years. After continuing poor performance in 2009, the 2010 financial year saw a large increase in EBIT, reporting revenue of A$4.02 billion and an EBIT of A$190 million, an increase in EBIT of over 74%. On 15 November 2012, Australia's first multi-level Kmart opened in Adelaide's Rundle Mall; as of August 2015, Kmart has 214 stores trading across Australia – 52 in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, 47 in Victoria, 41 in Queensland, 23 in Western Australia, 15 in South Australia, 5 in Tasmania and 2 in the Northern Territory. There are 20 stores located in New Zealand. In August 2018, Continental Group AG acquired Tyre Service for $350 million. Kmart is a chain of discount department stores that include merchandise such as home entertainment goods, photographic equipment and developing and fishing goods, sporting goods, kitchenware, small appliances, storage & home organisation, stationery, cards & party goods, garden supplies, automotive equipment, hardware, cosmetics and footwear.
Most Kmarts have photo centres, which allow Hewlett-Packard's Snapfish customers to collect online orders. The photo centres have operated in conjunction with Hewlett-Packard since 2009, after Kmart ended a 30-year partnership with Kodak Australia. In 2013 Kmart began a roll-out of new store layouts. Garden plant sections were removed, back of store areas were cut back. There was an expansion of an increase in the height of displays; the stores were given a more "Department Store" feel with front of shop checkouts replaced with an area for non-self serve customers to pay at in the centre of the store. In early 2014, Kmart began a company-wide switch from their Hewlett-Packard powered Minilab system back to a Kodak powered Minilab system, with the latest stores to make the switch being Toowong, Mount Ommaney, Indooroopilly in November and December 2014. Kmart Tyre and Auto Service, is a chain of auto centres that specialises in automotive accessories, car servicing, check-ups and motor vehicle insurance.
These stores are attached to a Kmart store. In early 2006 a number of vehicle servicing facilities at Coles Express service stations became Kmart Tyre & Auto Service outlets, Shell Autoserv and AutoCare network; as of August 2015 there were 246 Kmart Auto Service outlets throughout Australia. In August 2018 Wesfarmers announced that it had entered an agreement to sell Kmart Tyre & Auto Service for $350 million to Continental AG. Anko is Kmart Australia's international brand, with arrangements to sell their products in other department stores in countries such as Thailand and Indonesia. In 2018 Anko launched popup stores in Washington, USA. Kmart Garden Super Centres specialised in garden and garden furniture. Most of these stores were standalone, "big box" stores in a warehouse format that sold Kmart manufactured or branded outdoor living items. From 1999 to 2007 there were 4 in Victoria, plus Windsor and Casula. Kmart closed all the centres in 2007 with the sole exception of the Campbellfield store, downsized instead, claiming
Arc Infrastructure is a transport infrastructure owner and access provider in Western Australia with a long-term lease on the network from the Government of Western Australia. It operates 5,500 km of standard and dual gauge rail infrastructure in the southern half of the state. In December 2000, the State Government privatised Westrail, with the Australian Railroad Group, a 50/50 joint venture between United States rail operator Genesee & Wyoming and Australian rural services company Wesfarmers, the successful bidder. Included in the sale was a 49-year lease on the below rail infrastructure network; this part of the business was rebranded as WestNet Rail. On 1 June 2006 Australian Railroad Group was sold with the above rail rolling stock and terminal assets passing to QR National, the below rail infrastructure business to Babcock & Brown Infrastructure. Babcock & Brown held a 51% shareholding, the remaining 49% being held by minority shareholders with Babcock & Brown having an option to increase its holding.
In March 2008 Babcock & Brown increased its shareholding to 76%. It took full ownership. In late 2009, Babcock & Brown Infrastructure was renamed Prime Infrastructure and again by December 2010 to Brookfield Infrastructure Partners following Brookfield Asset Management's purchase of the business. In August 2011, WestNet Rail was rebranded as Brookfield Rail. In 2017 Brookfield Rail relocated its headquarters from Welshpool to Perth Airport. In July 2017 the company was again rebranded as Arc Infrastructure. Arc Infrastructure has a lease until 2049 on 5,500 kilometres of rail infrastructure throughout the southern half of Western Australia, from Geraldton in the north, to Leonora and Kalgoorlie in the east, south to Esperance and Bunbury, it is responsible for granting access to operators. Wheatbelt railway lines of Western Australia Official website
Richmond is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 3 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District in the local government area of the City of Yarra municipality. The 2011 Census listed Richmond's population as 26,121. Three of the 82 designated major activity centres identified in the Melbourne 2030 Metropolitan Strategy are located in Richmond—the commercial strips of Victoria Street, Bridge Road and Swan Street; the diverse suburb has been the subject of gentrification since the early 1990s and now contains an eclectic mix of expensively converted warehouse residences, public housing high-rise flats and terrace houses from the Victorian-era. The residential segment of the suburb exists among a lively retail sector. Richmond was home to the Nine Network studios, under the callsign of GTV-9, until the studios moved to Docklands in 2011. Dimmeys is long associated with Richmond, although it is located in the neighbouring suburb of Cremorne; the suburb is well known for its popular factory outlets along Bridge Road, remaining an attraction to the area.
Richmond is well known for its popular Little Saigon area along Victoria Street. Richmond was named after Richmond Hill, with its outlook of the river bend, however the waterfront area was named Cremorne. Victoria Gardens Shopping Centre is a large modern complex built in 2001 to service the inner eastern suburbs; the Loyal Studley Hotel is now used as a homewares shop. Richmond Power Station was built in 1891; the Burnley Theatre is now a commercial homewares shop, but contains some elements of the original interiors, including the foyer and stage. 450 Swan Street, completed in 1995, combines an old bank and modern building in outstanding example of deconstructivist architecture, by Ashton Raggart McDougall. Richmond Town Hall is a landmark building operated by the City of Yarra, built in the 1880s and redecorated during the interwar years. Hotels include The Mountain View Hotel, Corner Hotel, Great Britain Hotel, The Rising Sun and The Swan and many others known for their live music. With a large number of small homes in its narrow streets, Richmond has some of Melbourne's best examples of residential architecture from most periods.
Notable examples include The Malthouse, a landmark conversion of silos into apartments by award-winning architect Nonda Katsalidis. The bluestone terrace homes at 13 & 15 James Street, built in 1857 in the rustic Gothic style for Eneas Mackenzie, a civil servant, are classified by the National Trust and are among the oldest homes remaining in Melbourne. Lalor House on Church Street, named after and former home of Eureka Stockade upriser Peter Lalor, is a rich boom-style landmark. From the mid-19th century, Richmond was a centre of manufacturing industry, including many large complexes such as the Bryant & May match factory, Jaques Limited engineering works, the Wertheim Piano factory and Pelaco. Richmond does have some parks and gardens and reserves, they are notably absent in the main centre of the suburb; the largest park is Citizens Park, bordering on Highett Streets. Other notable spaces include Barkly Gardens and the Allen Bain Reserve, as well as a number of smaller parks and reserves.
Other large parks are located in nearby suburbs, including Yarra Park and Melbourne Park in East Melbourne, the Golden Square Bicentennial Park, Burnley Park and oval, the Burnley Golf Course and a number of sport reserves and ovals in neighbouring Burnley. Pridmore Park, Yarra Bank Reserve, Creswick Street Reserve and St James Park are in Hawthorn, Dickinsons Reserve, Yarra Bend Park, Studley Park Golf Course and Studley Park are in Kew. In 2016 Richmond had a population of 27,705; the most common ancestries in Richmond were English 22.6%, Australian 15.8%, Irish 10.4%, Scottish 7.2% and Chinese 5.8%. 60.0% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were Vietnam 5.0%, England 3.7%, New Zealand 3.1%, China 2.0% and Greece 2.0%. 66.0% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Vietnamese 6.6%, Greek 4.0%, Mandarin 2.4%, Cantonese 1.7% and Hakka 1.2%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 44.2% and Catholic 18.3%. Many religious groups exist in Richmond.
The local large Catholic community is served by St Ignatius' Church on Church Street and St James Parish. Anglicans have a presence in Richmond, served by St Stephens, next door to St Ignatius' Church. A Uniting Church serves its members with a Fijian presence, located on Church Street. Due to a large amount of Greek Immigration in Australia there is a Greek Orthodox Church, located on Burnley Street, open for mass every Sunday and brings together Richmond's Greek Community. There is a large Assemblies of God Church, Richmond AOG, in Griffiths Street. Richmond is home to the Richmond Football Club, an Australian rules football club, a member of the Australian Football League; the club has a cult following not only throughout the eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Richmond are arguably the biggest club in the AFL, with over 100,000 members in 2018 and have won 12 premierships, the latest being 2017, breaking a 37 year drought; the Tigers play the majority of their home games at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, just outside the suburb's border, attract crowds in excess of 50,000.
The team runs their administration from their spiritual home ground, Punt Road Oval. Although the club have not played home games at the Punt Roa
Eureka Operations Pty Ltd is an Australian chain of convenience stores at Shell Australia petrol stations. Its operations are managed by Coles; the business venture and corresponding fuel discount offer was launched in July 2003 in response to the similar offer by rival Woolworths Limited some years earlier, proving attractive to shoppers. Wesfarmers purchased the retail business of Shell Australia multi-site franchisees in 2003 for A$94 million. Shell is the exclusive supplier of fuel products, leases the service station property to Coles, maintains the presence of the "pecten" and other Shell branding on the price board and other signage. 270 independently franchised Shell service stations, remain unassociated with Coles Express and where the fuel discount offer is not accepted. Despite revenue for FY16 decreasing, Wesfarmers stated that excluding fuel sales, in-store sales increased; the Coles Express brand referred to a small number of medium-sized supermarkets Coles ran in the central business districts of Melbourne and Brisbane.
With the launch of Coles' fuel offer, these were rebranded as Coles Central with the service stations taking the Coles Express branding. The current Coles Express chain began at more than 150 service stations in Victoria on 28 July 2003. After this initial trial, it was followed by a national roll-out from 1 December the same year, starting with New South Wales, completed in mid-2004; the initial success of the discount offer saw fuel shortages in Victoria after the offer began in New South Wales – where Shell's busiest sites are located – as Shell failed to cope with the distribution of a 30 percent increase in demand. There are now over 700 Coles Express service stations and stand alone convenience sites across Australia. All former Shell multi-site franchisee sites became Coles Express stores; this transition included the petrol stations and stand-alone Shell Select convenience stores in Melbourne's CBD. On 20 February 2006, 90 vehicle servicing bays at Coles Express service stations became Kmart Tyre & Auto Service outlets.
In 2018 Coles Express started trialling standalone convenience sites in Victoria. On the 6th of February 2019 Coles Express announced a new alliance partnership with their fuel partner Viva Energy. Under the agreement Viva Energy is responsible for setting the price of fuel and receives the retail fuel margin. Coles Express receives a commission per litre from Viva Energy based on fuel volumes achieved and has no direct exposure the retail fuel price movements. In addition to setting fuel pricing Viva Energy is the exclusive supplier of fuel and lubricants. Viva maintains it ‘Pecten’ and Shell branding as well as all fuel dispensing equipment. Coles Express is responsible for the maintenance of the retail store and the everyday needs of the business; when a customer spends over a qualifying amount in one transaction at Coles Supermarkets, Coles Central, or Coles Online, they are entitled to a fuel discount of 4c per litre or 8 bonus Flybuys points per litre at Coles Express. This discount is obtained by providing a discount voucher, printed at the bottom of their receipt, includes all Shell fuels.
Coles Express offers a 10c per litre discount on all Shell fuels when a customer spends $20 or more on qualify products in store, this can be used in addition to the 4c per litre discount voucher. All discount fuel offers or bonus points offers do not apply to Shell Card, Fleet Card, Motorpass or Motorcharge transactions. An additional "bonus" discount was introduced in late 2006, with a further 2c per litre fuel discount when customers spend $2 in-store in the one transaction; the offer was made permanent in April 2007 after rival Caltex Woolworths created a similar offer of an additional 4c discount if customers spend $5 in the one transaction at their petrol stations. The 2c per litre finished on 1 February 2013. Coles Express now offers a "Spend $20 and Save 10 cents per litre" this was launched to an "Everyday" offer in late 2015 and has continued since, variations of this deal are offered e.g. Buy product X for X dollars and save X cents per litre. Other variations of the fuel offer have been offered from time to time including: In the lead-up to Christmas 2006, the 4c offer increased to 10c for customers spending $80 and over in one transaction at Coles Supermarkets.
Liquorland has offered a 20c-per-litre discount offer when customers purchase six bottles of wine in one transaction. Kmart Tyre & Auto Service has offered a 30c-per-litre discount offer when customers purchased four certain tyres in one transaction. Coles Express