Agnos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Agnosiens or Agnosiennes Agnos is located just 2 km south of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and some 25 km southwest of Pau, it can be accessed on the D155 road from Bidos in the northeast coming southwest to the village continuing southeast to Gurmençon. The D555 road passes through the commune from the north and joins the D155 northeast of the village; the commune is mixed farmland and forests with the forests scattered throughout the commune. Located in the Adour basin, the Mielle river flows from south of the commune forming part of the southern border continuing north through the village and together with several tributaries rising in the commune joins the Gave d'Oloron north of Oloron-Sainte-Marie; the commune name in béarnais is Anhos. Michel Grosclaude suggested that Agnos came from a Latin man's name Annius with an Aqitaine suffix -ossum the whole meaning "domain of Annius".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Fors de Béarn Census: Census of Béarn Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Paul Raymond noted on page 3 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Agnos had seventeen fires and depended on the bailiwick of Oloron; the commune was merged with Gurmençon on 1 February 1973 to form the commune called Val-du-Gave d'Aspe. It was restored to its previous status on 1 January 1983. List of Successive Mayors of Agnos The town is part of five inter-communal organisations: the Community of communes of Piedmont Oloronais the SIVU to limit floods in Agnos the AEP Union for Agnos-Gurmençon the Inter-communal Union for Sanitisation for the Aspe gateway the energy union for Pyrénées-Atlantiques Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Agnos is part of the urban area of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.
The activity of the commune is agricultural. The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of ossau-iraty; the 2006 classification by INSEE showed the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households. It classed Agnos at the rank of 6,323, for an average income of €18,420; the Church has a Trinitarian steeple. It contains many items which are registered as historical objects: An Altar 6 Candlesticks A Cross A Tabernacle A Chalice A Ciborium A Retable The Forests of Bugangue and Labaigt are inter-association woods managed by the National Office of Forests which provide valuable shelter for preserving local flora and fauna. Many species are protected. An arboretum is a result of collaboration with the ONF; the Mielle, a small stream that rises in Agnos, is listed in the Natura 2000 program for three rare species: white-clawed crayfish, European pond turtles, the rare European mink which does not exist anywhere in France except in the south-west. The Pyrenees are rich in scenery and the village of Agnos is the starting point of one of the most attractive routes for cycling across the foothills: From Agnos to Mail Arrouil and back in a variety of environments, rocks, meadows with views of the Pyrenees.
This route, like many others, is managed by the local hiking plan of the Community of communes of Piémont Oloronais. AssociationsThe model aircraft club welcomes its members in the Sayette neighborhood. EducationThe town has a primary school. Multi-Media LibraryThe Multi-media library project of the CCPO identified the municipal library of Agnos as a relay point. Sports and sports equipmentThe basketball club merged with that of Asasp in 2006 to form BCHB. Catherine Capdevielle, born in 1938 in Agnos, is an athlete specialising in ordeal sprinting. Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Agnos Town Hall website Agnos official website Community of communes of Piémont oloronais website Agnos on Lion1906 Agnos on the 1750 Cassini Map Agnos on the INSEE website INSEE
Anhaux is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France in the former province of Lower Navarre. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anhauztar. Anhaux is located some 10 km south of Ossès. Access to the commune is by country roads branching from the D15 road passing to the north of the commune; the commune consists of farmland in the north with the southern part more rugged and hilly. The commune is located in the drainage basin of the Adour; the Ontzeroneker erreka' - a tributary of the Nive d'Arnéguy - with many tributaries rising in the commune forms the southern border with Lasse commune. A right tributary of the Berroko erreka, the Aparraineko erreka flows down from the Artzaïnharria; the Napoleonic land registry divided the commune into 16 districts in 1840: Districts in Section A called The Village Districts in Section B called Honçaron Heguy was an old district, extending that of Choubitoa. Today, the following localities are listed: The commune name in basque is Anhauze.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval proposed a basque origin of ona-oz, meaning "place of the hill". The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Mérimée: Presentation of the Commune Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Biscay: Martin Biscay Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Anhaux village is one of eleven hamlets or villages which were in the Baigorry Valley. In the Middle Ages, the eleven hamlets were: Ascarat, Moussourits, Irouleguy, Leispars, Oticoren and Anhauz, all in the north of the valley; the south was not populated until much later. Despite sounding Basque, the name of this village seems to defy all analysis; the oldest document known on which the name Anhaux appears is now the cartulary of the abbey of Saint-Jean of Sorde where it appears in the 10th century.
Father Haristoy in his book Research on the Basque Country noted that recorded in this cartulary were: "1068-1072 Oz Guilhem de Onotz and his wife received from Saint-Jean a piece of land located at Anhaux subject to they and their successors providing security and seven loaves, one pig, one pint of wine, two measures of provisions". The Benedictine Abbey in question was founded in the 9th century north-east of Navarre, it was, as with all the monasteries at the time, a vast agricultural area spread along the mountain streams in Orthe country and lower Navarre and, according to the two cited references, in the parish of Anhaux. It was around 1023 that King Sancho III of Navarre founded the fief of the Viscounty of Baigory in favour of Garcias Lop, related; the creation of the hamlet itself, on the viscounts' lands, therefore dates back to this period. Thus from the 11th century the status of houses at Anhaux was defined by the writer Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, he provided a list of houses existing in the Middle Ages in Anhaux.
This document was created from the archives from 1350, 1366, 1412. Of the twenty-eight houses found there, four were noble, the others were fivatiéres which means that they paid a fee in crops, work, or money and were built on the land of the "Lord" of the main house; the successive Viscounts of Baigorry of Echaux enjoyed the tithes of the village until their liquidation in 1792. The arms Anhaux are those of the Apesteguy family, they were adopted by the municipal council on 30 July 1993. Pierre Haristoy wrote that the Apesteguy were lords of Jaureguia and of Anhaux and nominated the priest for the area. In deeds before 1670 several of the Apesteguy appear as noble. Towards 1720 Jean-Pierre d'Apesteguy was received by the States of Navarre; the house of Apesteguia was, until the 18th century, the Lay Abbey for the area. Its members played an important role in the valley until the end of the 19th century; the Cassini map, made in the 18th century shows a parish consisting of: the village of Anhaux with a parish church.
List of Successive Mayors Anhaux commune participates in eight inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. In 2009 the commune had 286 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of Irouléguy and the AOC of Ossau-iraty. Economic activity is princip
Anglet is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. Anglet lies in the traditional province of Labourd of the Northern Basque Country while its inhabitants have traditionally spoken Gascon; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Angloyes. Anglet commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz located south-west of the city and part of the Basque province of Labourd; the commune is 10% covered with pine forests, including those of Pignada and Chiberta. The sandy coast starts 200 km north at the Pointe de Grave on the shore of the estuary of the Gironde and ends in Anglet, it is punctuated by numerous seawalls cutting the shore. At Anglet the outline of the public maritime domain has been updated and a coastal reserve forty metres wide has been observed since 1978. With its many bays and inlets this area is a laboratory for monitoring techniques for studying coastal erosion; the Anglet coast has 11 beaches from north to south: Beach of la Barre.
The French Basque Coast designates the part of the Aquitaine coast between the Chambre d'Amour cave at Anglet and the Spanish border. Anglet has an airport Aéroport de Biarritz-Anglet-Bayonne some 2 kilometres south of the town accessible from the D810 road, it has flights to destinations across France as well as Europe. Anglet is served by the A63 autoroute, the D810 road from Bayonne to Anglet town, the D260 road from Bayonne to the northern part of the commune and continuing south-west towards Biarritz. During the winter season of 2013/2014 the A1, A2, C, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, N Chronoplus bus routes operated by the Transdev agglomeration de Bayonne serve Anglet connecting it to other communes in the metropolitan area: Bayonne, Bidart, Saint-Pierre-d'Irube, Tarnos; the Adour flows into the Atlantic Ocean between Anglet on the left bank and Tarnos on the right bank. The commune is traversed by the following tributaries of the Adour: the Sarraoute the Artigou the Camoudiet the Horc the Prade the Gaoube the Houillassat the Gaoubole the Hourclat the Larraoudille the Bon the Adour de Gripp the May d'Escaret the Arrimoula the Adour de Lesponne the Serris The origin of the name Anglet is Roman from the Latin angulus, "Land shaped like a wedge" or "low terrain or depression".
This last hypothesis was confirmed by Jean-Baptiste Orpustan who indicated that the official name and the basque name derived from two distinct strains of the same origin: angellu, a diminutive of Angulu, cited by L. Michelena who affirmed that "low terrain" applies to "all the sandy beach-front in the commune"; the Basque name of the commune is Angelu and the Gascon name is Anglet. The inhabitants are known as Anglòi in Angeluar in Basque; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque ToponymyOrigins: Cartulary: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne Saint-Claire: Titles of the Abbey of Sainte-Claire of Bayonne Based on discoveries made, the oldest land in Anglet dates back to prehistory and Mousterian culture.
Various flint tools characteristic of the Mousterian period have been discovered. The use of splinters on both faces to make sharp points allows working on skins and making axes with wooden handles. Around Anglet, including the Tower of Lannes and Sutar, open air locations high above low swampy parts were preferred as in other parts of Basque Country; the prefecture of the Aquitaine region, considering the knowledge elements of the archaeological heritage of the commune identified in the archaeological database of the Regional Directorate of Cultural Affairs of Aquitaine issued an order for the following sites: Brindos, Cote 50, La Ballastière of Micoteau, Hondritz referenced as having Paleolithic occupation. The sites in the Rue du Colombier and the Tower of Lannes are referenced to as prehistoric sites of refuge which refers to occupation in proto-historic times. During the Roman era, Bayonne served as a castrum for a cohort large enough for a rampart to be built surrounding an area somewhat excessive for an Army, but no remains indicate that there was a cit
Ahetze was a village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd and is now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aheztars; the commune is located some 13 km southwest of Bayonne and 30 km northeast of Donostia-San-Sebastion and only 4 km from the Atlantic beaches of Bidart and Guéthary. Ahetze village is at the intersection of departmental roads D655 from Arbonne to Bidart and D855 from Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle to Saint-Jean-de-Luz; the commune can be accessed from Exit 3 from the A63 autoroute. The Biarritz–Anglet–Bayonne Airport is 15-minute drive from the village. Located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the coastal river Uhabia: the Zirikolatzeko erreka and its tributaries, the streams: Amisolako and Besaingo, as well as the Pemartiko erreka, a tributary of the Besaingo. Paul Raymond stated in his Topographical dictionary of Bearn-Basque Country in 1863 that a tributary of the Alborga: the Haïstéchéhé flows through Ahetze after rising in Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle.
The commune name in Basque is Ahetze. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that Ahetze comes from aiz meaning "stone" and by extension "high rock"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Lhande: Pierre Lhande, Basque-French Dictionary 1926Origins: Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of BayonneAccording to Eugène Goyheneche: "two houses had medieval names of Akarreta and Haranbillaga". In the Middle Ages the Compostela pilgrims who chose the passage along the Atlantic coast passed near Ahetze and the hospital in Sare. Others preferred to fork through part of Ahetze to reach the chapel Saint-Jacques of Serres and visit Vera by passing by Olhette and the Ibardin Pass. List of Successive Mayors of Ahetze Ahetze is a member of 8 Intercommunal organisations: the Agglomeration of'Sud Pays Basque the union of Ouhabia the intercommunal association of secondary schools of Saint-Jean-de-Luz the intercommunal association Nive-Nivelle the mixed association of Bizi Garbia the association to support Basque culture the joint association for drinking water from the Ura the joint sanitation association of the UraThe commune is a member of the Basque Eurocity Bayonne - San Sebastian.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne. The 2006 classification by INSEE indicated the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households classed Ahetze at the rank of 7,693 with an average income of €17,944; the flea market takes place every third Sunday of the month and attracts lovers of antiques from the Paris region, to the Spanish communes all around and contributes to the economic revitalization of the village which has agricultural activity. The commune part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty; the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces established by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte in 1863 indicated that the Basque dialect spoken in Ahetze was Labourdin. Established in 1971, the Committee of Festivals of Ahetze organises the following events: wheat threshing, dance evenings, a gala of Basque rural sports and employers' festivals that take place between 25 October and 11 November.
The Ostalapia farm, now a restaurant, is a former way station on the road to Saint Jacques de Compostela and long before was a haven for the Guethariars and Bidartars when they were attacked by pirates from the ocean or by robbers. There are some boulders once used for walls in the parking area; some old Baserri dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, some of which have been extended over time. New construction follows the Labourdin style; the Church of Saint Martin is registered as an historical monument. The church contains a number of items that are registered as historical objects: A Retable and 7 Paintings A Processional Cross; this cross, whose arms are garnished with bells, was used in witchcraft trials in the year 1609 to the outrage of Councilor Lancre who saw it as an evil object. The carvings on the Cross represent the faces of Christ, the Virgin, Saint John, a pelican, two women's heads. On the back of the cross there is the representation of a bishop, undoubtedly Saint Martin. A Statue: Virgin of the Assumption A Statue: Saint Jacques dressed as a pilgrim Eugène Goyheneche noted that the church quite exceptionally possessed a register of Catholics in Basque.
The Church Picture Gallery On the heights of Ahetze all the Basque mountains near the Atlantic are visible: the Rhune, the Mondarrain, the Artzamendi, the Ursuia in France as well as the Three Crowns in Spain. Ahetze has two Frontons, one is old and built into the wall of the town hall, a second was completed in 2008 as part of the new development of the town. A Trinquet called. A marked fitness trail runs through the south-east of the village. Ahetze has a nursery. Ahetze has several health services: a general practitioner, a dentist, a nurse, a physiotherapist, a speech therapist. Mattin Treku, born on 11 November 1916 in Ahetze and died on 22 July 1981 in th
Ainhoa is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainhoars; the commune of Ainhoa is in the traditional Basque province of Labourd. Ainhoa is some 20 km due south of Bayonne and is directly on the Spanish border which forms the southern border of the commune; the commune is mountainous and forested in the south-east portion but with farmland in the northwest of the commune. There is one border crossing to Spain on the southern border at the village of Dantxana. Ainhoa and Sare, together with the two Spanish communes of Zugarramurdi and Urdazubi, form a cross-border territory, called Xareta. Straddling the border with Spain, it is a passage for the Way of St. James from Bayonne to Pamplona; the commune's border with Spain is in the Dancharia area and accesses the area of Dantxarinea d'Urdazubi. The commune is connected to Espelette in the north-east by Highway D20 which passes through the village and continues south to the Spanish border.
Highway D305 branches continues west to join Highway D4 before Cherchebruit. A network of small country roads covers all parts of the commune. Located in the watershed of the Adour, the Nivelle river runs along the southern border and forms the border between France and Spain. Numerous streams arise in the commune and flow down to the Nivelle including the Opalazioko erreka, the Lapitxuri and its tributaries, the Larreko erreka, the Erdiko erreka, the Farendeiko erreka, the Haitzagerriko erreka, the Barretako erreka. Paul Raymond mentions the Haïçaguerry, a tributary of the Nivelle, which descended to Gorospila on the Spanish border, which crossed the territory of Ainhoue; the commune name in basque is the same - Ainhoa. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval suggested that the name could come from the Basque aino which means "goat"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table.
Map: The Map of the Government-General of Guyenne and Gascony and the neighbouring region Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Lhande: Pierre Lhande, Basque-French DictionaryOrigins: Saint-Claire: Titles of the Abbey of Sainte-Claire of Bayonne Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne The ancient redoubt of Urrizti reflects the ancient past of the area. Paul Raymond noted on page 4 of his 1863 dictionary that the parish of Ainhoa was in the gift of the Abbot of Urdax; the Curacy of Ainhoa was created by the Priory of the Premonstratensian of Urdazubi in the 13th century. On 27 April 1238 the new king Theobald I of Navarre purchased the toll rights instituted by Viscount Juan Pérez de Baztan, Ainhoa being at the borders between the Duchy of Aquitaine since 1151, run by the Angevin Kings of England and the Navarrese kingdom; such tolls were charged to pilgrims and traders traveling to Santiago de Compostela on the Way of St. James in Galicia, Spain.
Military clashes between the "English run" Basques of Aquitaine and the Navarrese in 1249 led the Seigneur of Ainhoa, in 1250, to recognize the suzerainty of King Henry III of England. By 1265 Gonzalvo Juanis, Seigneur of Ainhoa known as Gonzalvo Ibáñez or Gonzalvo Yáñes, did not recognize either the English or the Navarrese; however he opened the way to conquest based on old historical claims. Garda Arnaut de Espelette, with loyalty to the "English run" Basques of the Duchy of Aquitaine, sent a letter, dated 29 July 1289 praying the Ainhoa people to adequately connive with him; the outcome of such frontier business was to set up an "undivided" land as had been done previously with the nearby Aldudes close to the Baztan valley. Documents from Estella dated September 1369, some 80 years proved that the people from Ainhoa paid taxes to both the King of Navarre and the "English" Seneschal of the Landes territory in return for their fiscal and personal privileges; when "English run" Bayonne surrendered to the French in 1451 it is not known if these "undivided status" villages on the English-Navarrese frontier were taken by the French as well.
In the Spanish Invasion of 1636 in the Labourd territories many villages, including Ainhoa, were razed. Because of the 1659 "Treaty of the Pyrénées" whereby the Spanish-born Queen regent of France Anne of Austria with the help of Cardinal Mazarin, the First Minister of France, set up an advantageous peace and obtained Maria Theresa of Spain as a wife for her son Louis XIV of France. Ainhoa was repopulated again. Disputes between the new settlers and the old residents concerning the use of communal lands for cattle grazing and fodder and the access by newcomers to town hall positions, church grants, etc. had to be settled by the autonomous Parliament of Bordeaux in the sense of paying for access to village privileges. Ainhoa was destroyed during the Thirty Years War and rebuilt; the only remains from before the destruction are the Machitorénéa House. In 1724, following the revolts in Saint-Jean-le-Vieux Mouguerre and Saint-Pierre-d'Irube, the people of Ainhoa revolted against the salt tax and against other new taxes.
This was a prelude to the uprisings in all of Labourd in 1726 against the said taxes. Bayonne and Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port followed in 1748; the Law of 4 March 1790 determined a new administrative landscape of France by creating departments and districts. This resulted in the creation of the department of Basses-Pyrénées and reuniting the Béarn, the
Andrein is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andreinais or Andreinaises Andrein is a béarnaise commune located on the left bank of the Gave d'Oloron 5 kilometres east of Sauveterre-de-Béarn and some 16 km south-west of Orthez. Access to the commune is by road D27 from Sauveterre-de-Bearn passing through the commune and the village and continuing east to Laàs; the D23 road from Burgaronne to L'Hôpital-d'Orion passes through the north of the commune. The commune is mixed farmland. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the southern border of the commune is formed by the Gave d'Oloron. Numerous streams flow south through the commune to the Gave d'Oloron including the Malourau and the Lourou which forms the eastern border; the northern border is formed by the Arrec Heurre which flows west to join the Gave d'Oleron east of Abitain. The commune name in Béarnese dialect and in Gascon Occitan is Andrenh.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicated that the name came from the family name Andréas with the suffix -enh. She mentioned that the villagers were once called "cherry eaters"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Census: Census of Béarn Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron Navarrenx: Notaries of Navarrenx Denombrement: Denombremont of Andrein Paul Raymond on page 6 of his 1863 dictionary noted that the commune had a Lay Abbey, a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385 Andrein depended on the bailiwick of Sauveterre. List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of five intercommunal structures: the inter-communal centre for Social Action of Sauveterre-de-Béarn; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793.
From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is agricultural; the town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. The Touron de Larochelle is 195 metres high. Emmanuel Berl, born 2 August 1892 in Vésinet and died 21 September 1976 in Paris, was a journalist and French essayist. In 1920 he married Jacqueline Bordes in Andrein. Arthur Hugenschmidt stayed in Andein in 1928 and 1929 with the Countess of Viforano according to correspondence from the Presidency of the Republic. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Andrein on Lion1906 Andrein on Google Maps Andrein on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Andrein on the 1750 Cassini Map Andrein on the INSEE website INSEE
Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette is located in the former province of Soule, it is located some 35 km west by 10 km north of Larrau. The commune can be accessed by the small D247 road from the village to Tardets-Sorholus in the north-east; the D149 goes north to Camou-Cihigue. There is the D117 road which goes west from the village to Mendive. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, most of the southern border of the commune is formed by the Alphoura river which flows through the village and continues northeast to join the Saison near Alos-Sibas-Abense; the Alphoura is fed by many tributaries rising in the commune including the Ardounc. The Escalérako erreka flows west with its many tributaries. Paul Raymond mentioned a brook that rises at Alçay and flows into the Alphoura; the commune name in Basque is Altzai-Altzabeheti Zünharreta. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, the base altz meaning "aulne" was used for the both toponyms Alcay and Alçabéhéty.
Beheti means "at the bottom". The name Sunharette comes from the Basque zunharr using the romanized locative suffix ette meaning the "place of elm"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini1: Alçabéhéty on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Cassini2: Sunharette on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini databaseOrigins: Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV Ohix: Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule Chronicles: Chronicles of Arthez-Lassalle Soule: Custom of Soule In 1790 Sunharette was the chief town of a canton, part of the District of Mauleon; the canton included the communes of Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette, Alos-Sibas-Abense, Camou-Cihigue, Lacarry-Arhan-Charritte-de-Haut, Lichans-Sunhar, Ossas-Suhare. In 1833, the three communes of Alçay, Alçabéhéty, Sunharette merged to form a single joint commune.
List of Successive Mayors The town is part of seven intercommunal organisations: the Community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa the association to support Basque culture. The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. According to the 2006 classification of INSEE, showing the median household incomes for all communes with more than 50 households Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette is ranked 20,901st with an average income of €14,927 per year; the commune has two sites that are registered as historical monuments: The Seven Ibarnaba Tumuli in the Esquirassy district The Ten Ibarletta Tumuli in the Esquirassy districtOther sites of interestThe Gaztelu zahar of Maide korralea meaning "the enclosure of Maide" is attributed to Maidé, mythological beings incorporating some of the traits of Jentils and Laminak. The Romanesque Parish Church of Saint-Pierre is registered as an historical monument; the church contains a Processional Cross, registered as an historical object. The Belhygagne peaks and Gaztelia are the highest points in the commune at 1,072 and 1,345 metres high.
Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department ALTZAI-ALTZABEHETI-ZUNHARRETA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette on Lion1906 Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette on Google Maps Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Sunharete and Alcabehety on the 1750 Cassini Map Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette on the INSEE website INSEE