Harrisburg–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area
The Harrisburg–Carlisle, metropolitan statistical area is defined by the United States Census Bureau as an area consisting of three counties in Pennsylvania's Susquehanna Valley, anchored by the cities of Harrisburg and Carlisle. As of the 2010 census, the metropolitan statistical area had a population of 549,475. In 2009, Harrisburg–Carlisle was the 96th largest metropolitan area in the United States; as of 2010, it is part of the defined Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area, which includes York and Adams counties and has a population of 1,233,708 people making it the 43rd most populous in the United States. 1950: The Harrisburg standard metropolitan area, consisting of Cumberland and Dauphin counties, was first defined. 1959: Following a term change by the Bureau of the Budget, the Harrisburg SMA became the Harrisburg standard metropolitan statistical area. 1963: Perry County added to the Harrisburg SMSA. 1983: Harrisburg SMSA renamed the Harrisburg–Lebanon–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area.
2010: The Harrisburg–York–Lebanon urban agglomeration area is defined for the first time, linking York County to the CSA. 2012: The Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area was formally defined and includes the counties of York and Adams. As of the census of 2000, there were 509,074 people, 202,380 households, 134,557 families residing within the MSA; the racial makeup of the MSA was 86.20% White, 9.39% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.17% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.67% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $43,374, the median income for a family was $51,792. Males had a median income of $36,368 versus $26,793 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $21,432. In 2009 the urban population of the MSA increased to 383,008 from 362,782 in 2000, a change of 20,226 people; the Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area is made up of six counties.
The statistical area includes four metropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 1,219,422; the CSA ranked 5th in the state of Pennsylvania, 43rd most populous in the United States. Combined Statistical Areas Gettysburg, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area Lebanon, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area York-Hanover, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area Metropolitan Statistical Areas Harrisburg–Carlisle Lebanon As of the census of 2000, there were 629,401 people, 248,931 households, 167,328 families residing within the CSA; the racial makeup of the CSA was 87.78% White, 7.84% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.11% of the population. The median income for a household in the CSA was $42,740, the median income for a family was $51,071. Males had a median income of $35,660 versus $26,116 for females.
The per capita income for the CSA was $21,017. In 2010, the Harrisburg area was combined with York and Lebanon as an urban agglomeration, or a contiguous area of continuously developed urban land, signifying a future merger with the York–Hanover MSA, which created a combined statistical area of over 1.2 million people. Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area Pennsylvania census statistical areas List of Pennsylvania metropolitan areas List of United States metropolitan areas List of United States combined statistical areas PA MSA 1990 Census and 1994 Population Estimates Quickfacts from U. S. Census Bureau census.gov Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990
Hanover is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania, 19 miles southwest of York and 54 miles north-northwest of Baltimore, Maryland and is 5 miles north of the Mason-Dixon line. The town is situated in a productive agricultural region; the population was 15,289 at the 2010 census. The borough is served by the 717 area code and the ZIP Codes of 17331-34. Hanover is named after the German city of Hannover. In 1727, John Digges, an Irish nobleman of Prince George's County, obtained a grant of 10,000 acres of land where Hanover is now located from Charles Calvert, the fourth Lord Baltimore; the area was called Digges Choice, in 1730, a group of Catholics started the settlement that became known as the Conewego Settlement. Settlers from both Maryland and Pennsylvania began moving into the area in the 1730s. At this time and Pennsylvania did not agree on the northern border of Maryland and the southern border of Pennsylvania, the area, now Hanover was in the disputed area claimed by both states; this led to numerous disputes about property ownership from the 1730s until 1760.
The dispute was settled when Maryland and Pennsylvania hired British experts Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to survey what became known as the Mason–Dixon Line. This line was surveyed between 1763 and 1767, put an end to decades of disputes over rights and ownership. In 1745, a Scot-Irishman named Richard McAllister purchased the tract of land upon which the original town of Hanover was built. McAllister was a Presbyterian who had migrated from the Cumberland Valley. Hanover at that time was covered with a dense forest of hickory and oak trees. McAllister erected a log house at what is now the corner of Baltimore and Middle streets, opened a store and tavern. In 1763, McAllister founded the town of Hanover. German settlers nicknamed the settlement "Hickory Town" after the thick groves of hickory trees that grew in the area; the name Hanover was suggested by Michael Tanner, one of the commissioners who laid out York County in 1749 and owned large tracts of land southeast of the town. Tanner's choice of the name came from the fact that he was a native of Germany.
The town's founders, who wanted to please the German settlers, agreed to the name. Hanover was sometimes referred to as "McAllister's Town" in its early years. Thomas Jefferson spent the night of April 12, 1776 at the Sign of the Horse, an inn, owned by Caspar Reinecker on Frederick Street. Records indicate that Jefferson paid "Rhenegher" 11 shillings, 6 pence for dinner and lodging, he was on his way from Monticello to Philadelphia to attend the first meeting of the Continental Congress, where on June 10 he would begin the draft the Declaration of Independence. At the time, Hanover was located at the crossing of two well-traveled roads, one from the port of Baltimore to points north and west and the other between Philadelphia and the Valley of Virginia; when Jefferson returned from Philadelphia to Monticello, he again dined and spent the night of September 5 at Reinecker's inn. At the start of the Revolutionary War, Hanover consisted of about 500 homes, most of which were built out of logs. After the war, the population increased until the War of 1812.
At the time of the advance of the British on Baltimore in 1814, Hanover and vicinity furnished two companies of infantry commanded by Captain Frederick Metzgar and John Bair. These two companies left Hanover on foot Sunday morning, August 28, 1814, reached the city of Baltimore at 9 A. M. Tuesday. September 11, where they were marched to North Point, spending that night on their arms, next day, the memorable September 12, 1814, they took part in the engagement with the British, who retreated soon after; the Hanover Companies together with other companies from York County, returned home after two weeks' service, not being needed longer. After the War of 1812, the town experienced only minor growth until 1852, when construction of the Hanover Branch Railroad to Hanover Junction was completed. In 1858 the Gettysburg Railroad opened a railroad link westward to Gettysburg; the Hanover and York Railroad completed a rail line to York in 1876. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Hanover was fought on June 30, 1863.
Union cavalry under Judson Kilpatrick encountered Confederate cavalry under J. E. B. Stuart and a sharp fight ensued in the town and in farm fields to the south along Frederick Street; the inconclusive battle delayed the Confederate cavalry on their way to the Battle of Gettysburg. Three days before the battle, another detachment of Virginia cavalry had occupied Hanover, "collecting" supplies and horses from local citizens. Over the years, its industries have included the making of cigars, silks, water wheels, shirts, machine-shop products, wire cloth, ironstone grinders; the town has lent its name to a brand of canned vegetables, a mail-order gift company based there. Hanover's first newspaper, Die Pennsylvania Wochenschrift, was published in German in 1797. In 1805, the "Hanover Gazette" followed suit published in German; the Hanover Historic District, Eichelberger High School, George Nace House, US Post Office-Hanover are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. On October 24, 2018, Hanover Borough's first African-American mayor was sworn it.
Hanover Borough council selected Myneca Ojo, 56, to fill the office vacated by Ben Adams, who moved away from the community. Myneca Ojo was the former Director of Diversity at the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission, she is the second woman to be mayor in the borough. Margret Hormel was the first woman mayor, serving from 1993 to 2007; as of the 2010 census, there were 15,289 people and 6,571 househo
United States congressional delegations from Pennsylvania
These are tables of congressional delegations from Pennsylvania to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. List of members of the Pennsylvanian United States House delegation, their terms in office, district boundaries, the district political ratings according to the CPVI; the delegation has 17 members, with 9 Democrats. One seat is vacant. For the first two Congresses, Pennsylvania had eight seats. In the First Congress, Representatives were selected At-large on a general ticket. Districts were used in the Second Congress. Pennsylvania had thirteen seats. For the third Congress representatives were selected at-large on a general ticket. After that, districts were created. There were eighteen seats, apportioned among eleven districts. Districts 1–3 each had three seats elected on a general ticket. District 4 had two such seats. Districts 5–11 each had one seat. There were 15 districts; the 1st district had four seats elected on a general ticket. The 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th and 10th each had two seats elected on a general ticket.
The rest of the districts each had one seat. Following the 1830 census, Pennsylvania was apportioned 28 seats; the commonwealth divided them into 25 districts and two districts, the 2nd and the 4th, had two and three seats respectively. Following the 1880 Census, the delegation grew by one seat; until 1889, that seat was elected at-large statewide. After 1889, the state was redistricted into 28 districts. Following the 1890 Census, the delegation grew by two seats; those two additional seats were elected at-large across the entire commonwealth. Following the 1900 Census, the delegation grew by two seats. Following the 1910 Census, the delegation grew by four seats to its largest size to date; the four new seats were elected at-large statewide. Starting in 1923, four new districts were added to replace the at-large seats. Following the 1930 Census, the delegation lost two seats. Following the 1940 Census, the delegation lost one seat. For the 78th Congress, there were 1 at-large seat. Starting with the 79th Congress, there were 33 districts.
Following the 1950 Census, the delegation lost three seats. Following the 1960 Census, the delegation lost three seats. Following the 1970 Census, the delegation lost two seats. Following the 1980 Census, the delegation lost two seats. Following the 1990 Census, the delegation lost two seats. Following the 2000 Census, the delegation lost two seats. Following the 2010 Census, the delegation lost one seat. With court ordered Redistricting in Pennsylvania on February 19, 2018, none of the congressmen who served in 115th congress and were re-elected are in the same district in the 116th congress; as of January 2019, there is one living former senator. List of United States congressional districts
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
Johnstown is a city in Cambria County, United States, 43 miles west-southwest of Altoona and 67 miles east of Pittsburgh. The population was 20,978 at the 2010 census and estimated to be 20,402 in 2013, it is the principal city of the Johnstown, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Cambria County. Johnstown, settled in 1770, has experienced three major floods in its history; the "Great Flood" of May 31, 1889, occurred after the South Fork Dam collapsed 14.1 miles upstream from the city during heavy rains. At least 2,209 people died as a result of the flood and subsequent fire that raged through the debris. Another major flood occurred in 1936. Despite a pledge by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to make the city flood free, subsequent work to do so, another major flood occurred in 1977; the 1977 flood—in what was to have been a "flood free" city—may have contributed to Johnstown's subsequent population decline and inability to attract new residents and businesses. The city is home to five national historic districts: the Downtown Johnstown Historic District, Cambria City Historic District, Minersville Historic District, Moxham Historic District, Old Conemaugh Borough Historic District.
Individual listings on the National Register of Historic Places are the Grand Army of the Republic Hall, Cambria Iron Company, Cambria Public Library Building, Bridge in Johnstown City, Nathan's Department Store, Johnstown Inclined Railway. Archaeological evidence shows. Penn's Woods saw much Native American activity as well as the Quemahoming area. Three distinct tribes migrated and fished in the area. Johnstown was called Conemaugh Old Town in the native Algonquin language. Old Town was linked to the outlying areas by the Stoney Creek, Quemahoming Creek and Conemuagh Rivers joining Johnstown to older settlements on the river including New Florence and Kickenapaulin's. Johnstown was formally organized as a town in 1800 by the Swiss German immigrant Joseph Johns; the settlement was known as "Schantzstadt", but was soon anglicized to Johnstown. From 1834 to 1854, the city was a port and key transfer point along the Pennsylvania Main Line Canal. Johnstown was at the head of the canal's western branch, with canal boats having been transported over the mountains via the Allegheny Portage Railroad and refloated here, to continue the trip by water to Pittsburgh and the Ohio Valley.
The most famous passenger who traveled via the canal to visit Johnstown was Charles Dickens in 1842. By 1854, canal transport became redundant with the completion of the Pennsylvania Railroad, which now spanned the state. With the coming of the railroads, the city's growth improved. Johnstown became a stop on the main line of the Pennsylvania Railroad and was connected with the Baltimore & Ohio; the railroads provided large-scale development of the region's mineral wealth. Iron and steel became central to the town of Johnstown. By 1860, the Cambria Iron Company of Johnstown was the leading steel producer in the United States, outproducing steel giants in Pittsburgh and Cleveland. Through the second half of the 19th century, Johnstown made much of the nation's barbed wire. Johnstown prospered from skyrocketing demand in the western United States for barbed wire. Twenty years after its founding, the Cambria Works was a huge enterprise sprawling over 60 acres in Johnstown and employing 7,000, it owned 40,000 acres of valuable mineral lands in a region with a ready supply of iron and limestone.
Floods were a yearly event in the valley during the 1880s. On the afternoon of May 30, 1889, following a quiet Memorial Day ceremony and a parade, it began raining in the valley; the next day water filled the streets, rumors began that a dam holding an artificial lake in the mountains to the northeast might give way. It did, an estimated 20 million tons of water began spilling into the winding gorge that led to Johnstown some 14 miles away; the destruction in Johnstown occurred in only about 10 minutes. What had been a thriving steel town with homes, saloons, a library, a railroad station, electric street lights, a roller rink, two opera houses was buried under mud and debris. Out of a population of 30,000 at the time, at least 2,209 people are known to have perished in the disaster. An infamous site of a major fire during the flood was the old stone Pennsylvania Railroad bridge located where the Stonycreek and Little Conemaugh rivers join to form the Conemaugh River; the bridge still stands today.
The Johnstown flood of 1889 established the American Red Cross as the pre-eminent emergency relief organization in the United States. Founder Clara Barton 67, came to Johnstown with 50 doctors and nurses and set up tent hospitals as well as temporary "hotels" for the homeless, stayed on for five months to coordinate relief efforts; the mills were back in operation within a month. The Cambria Works grew, Johnstown became more prosperous than ever; the disaster strengthened it. Generations would draw on lessons learned in 1889. In the early 20th century, the population reached 75,000 people; the city's first commercial radio station, WJAC, began broadcasts in 1925. The downtown boasted at least five major department stores, including Glosser Brothers, which in the 1950s gave birth to the Gee Bee chain of department stores. However, the St Patrick's Day flood of 1936 combined with the gnawing effects of the Great Depression left Johnstown struggling again, but only temporarily. Johnstown's citizens mobilized to achieve a permanent solution to the
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Berks County, Pennsylvania
Berks County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 411,442; the county seat is Reading. Berks County comprises the Reading, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD Combined Statistical Area.. Reading developed during the 1740s when the inhabitants of northern Lancaster County sent several petitions requesting that a separate county be established. With the help of German immigrant Conrad Weiser, the county was formed on March 11, 1752, from parts of Chester County, Lancaster County, Philadelphia County, it was named after the English county in which William Penn's family home lay - Berkshire, abbreviated to Berks. Berks County began much larger; the northwestern parts of the county went to the founding of Northumberland County in 1772 and Schuylkill County in 1811, when it reached its current size. In 2005, Berks County was added to the Delaware Valley Planning Area due to a fast-growing population and close proximity to the other communities.
In 2016, former Strausstown borough merged with Upper Tulpehocken township. Strausstown is now a village within Upper Tulpehocken Township. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 866 square miles, of which 857 square miles is land and 9.2 square miles is water. Most of the county is drained by the Schuylkill River, but an area in the northeast is drained by the Lehigh River via the Little Lehigh Creek and areas are drained by the Susquehanna River via the Swatara Creek in the northwest and the Conestoga River in the extreme south, it has a humid continental climate and the hardiness zone is 6b with 6a in some higher areas and 7a along the Schuylkill in the SE part of the county. Schuylkill County Lehigh County Montgomery County Chester County Lancaster County Lebanon County Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site French Creek State Park As of the 2010 census, the county was 76.9% White non-Hispanic, 4.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 2.5% were two or more races.
16.4 % of the population was of Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2010, there were 411,442 people, 154,356 households, 106,532 families residing in the county; the population density was 479 people per square mile. There were 164,827 housing units at an average density of 191.9 per square mile. was 76.9% White non-Hispanic, 4.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 2.5% were two or more races. 16.4 % of the population was of Latino ancestry. There was a large Pennsylvania Dutch population, it is known as part of Pennsylvania Dutch Country. According to Muninetguide, the median household income for Berks County, as of 2010, is $54,105. According to patchworknation.org Berks County is classified as a Monied'Burb. There were 154,356 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males. Berks County is home to an Old Order Mennonite community consisting of 136 families, located in the East Penn Valley near Kutztown and Fleetwood; the Old Order Mennonites first bought land in the area in 1949. In 2012, Old Order Mennonites bought two large farms in the Oley Valley; the Old Order Mennonites in the area belong to the Groffdale Conference Mennonite Church and use the horse and buggy as transportation. There are several farms in the area belonging to the Old Order Mennonite community and meetinghouses are located near Kutztown and Fleetwood; the United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Berks County as the Reading, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
As of the 2010 U. S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 10th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 128th most populous in the United States with a population of 413,491. Berks County is a part of the larger Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD Combined Statistical Area, which combines the populations of Berks County as well as several counties around Philadelphia and in the states of Delaware and New Jersey; the Combined Statistical Area is the largest in the State of Pennsylvania and 8th most populous in the United States with a population of 7,067,807. Christian Leinbach, Chair Republican Kevin Barnhardt, Vice Chair Democrat Mark C. Scott, Esq. Republican Clerk of Courts, James P. Troutman, Republican Controller, Sandy Graffius, Republican Coroner, Dennis J. Hess, Democrat District Attorney, John T. Adams, Democrat Prothonotary, Jonathan K. Del Collo, Republican Recorder of Deeds, Frederick Sheeler, Democrat Register of Wills, Larry J. Medaglia Jr. Republican Sheriff, Eric Weaknecht, Republican Treasurer, Dennis Adams, Republican Judy Schwank, Pennsylvania Senate, District 11 Bob Mensch, Pennsylvania Senate, District 24 Dave Argall, Pennsylvania Senate, District 29 Katie Muth, Dem