Oklahoma State University–Stillwater
Oklahoma State University is a public land-grant and sun-grant research university in Stillwater, Oklahoma. OSU was founded in 1890 under the Morrill Act. Known as Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, it is the flagship institution of the Oklahoma State University System. Official enrollment for the fall 2010 semester system-wide was 35,073, with 23,459 students enrolled at OSU-Stillwater. Enrollment shows. OSU is classified by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with highest research activity; the Oklahoma State Cowboys and Cowgirls' athletic heritage includes 52 national championships, a total greater than all but three NCAA Division I schools in the United States, first in the Big 12 Conference. Students spend part of the fall semester preparing for OSU's Homecoming celebration, begun in 1913, which draws more than 40,000 alumni and over 70,000 participants each year to campus and is billed by the university as "America's Greatest Homecoming Celebration." On December 25, 1890, the Oklahoma Territorial Legislature gained approval for Oklahoma Territorial Agricultural and Mechanical College, the land-grant university established under the Morrill Act of 1862.
It specified. Such an ambiguous description created rivalry between towns within the county, with Stillwater winning out. Upon statehood in 1907, "Territorial" was dropped from its title; the first students assembled for class on December 14, 1891. Classes were held for two and one-half years in local churches until the first academic building known as Old Central, was dedicated on June 15, 1894, on the southeast corner of campus, which at the time was flat plowed prairie. In 1896, Oklahoma A&M held its first commencement with six male graduates; the first Library was established in Old Central in one room shared with the English Department. The first campus building to have electricity, Williams Hall, was constructed in 1900. With its turreted architecture it was referred to as the "Castle of the Prairies". One of the earliest campus buildings was a barn, used as part of an agricultural experiment station, served by a large reservoir pond created in 1895; the barn burned in 1922, but the pond and remodeled in 1928 and 1943, is now known as Theta Pond, a popular campus scenic landmark.
In 1906, Morrill Hall became the principal building on campus. A fire gutted the building in 1914, but the outside structure survived intact, the interior was reconstructed; the first dormitory for women was completed in 1911. It contained a kitchen, dining hall, some classrooms, a women's gymnasium, it is now houses the Gardiner Art Gallery. By 1919 the campus included Morrill Hall, the Central Building, the Engineering Building, the Women's building, the Auditorium, the Armory-Gymnasium and the Power Plant. At the beginning of World War II, Oklahoma A&M was one of six schools selected by the United States Navy to give the Primary School in the Electronics Training Program known as Naval Training School Elementary Electricity and Radio Materiel. Starting in March 1942, each month a new group of 100 Navy students arrived for three months of 14-hour days in concentrated electrical engineering study. Cordell Hall, the newest dormitory, was used for housing and meals. Professor Emory B. Phillips was the Director of Instruction.
ETP admission required passing the Eddy Test, one of the most selective qualifying exams given during the war years. At a given time, some 500 Navy students were on the campus, a significant fraction of the war-years enrollment; the training activity continued until June 1945, served a total of about 7,000 students. Kamm, a future professor and president of Oklahoma State University. During some of the war years, the Navy had a Yeoman training activity for WAVES and SPARS on the campus. Much of the growth of Oklahoma A&M and the campus architectural integrity can be attributed to work of Henry G. Bennett, who served as the school's president from 1928 to 1950. Early in his tenure Dr. Bennett developed a strategic vision for the physical expansion of the university campus; the plan was adopted in 1937 and his vision was followed for more than fifty years, making the university what it is today, including the Georgian architecture that permeates the campus. The focal point of his vision was a centrally located library building, which became a reality when the Edmon Low Library opened in 1953.
Another major addition to the campus during the Bennett years was the construction of the Student Union, which opened in 1950. Subsequent additions and renovations have made the building one of the largest student union buildings in the world at 611,000 sq ft. A complete renovation and further expansion of the building began in 2010. On May 15, 1957, Oklahoma A&M changed its name Oklahoma State University of Agricultural and Applied Sciences to reflect the broadening scope of curriculum offered. Oklahoma Gov. Raymond Gary signed the bill authorizing the name change passed by the 26th Oklahoma Legislature on May 15, 1957. However, the bill only authorized the Board of Regents to change the name of the college, a measure they voted on at their meeting on June 6. However, the name was shortened to Oklahoma State University for most purposes, the "Agricultural & Applied Sciences" name was formally
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, Colorado on the northwest. It is the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States; the state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907, its residents are known as Oklahomans, its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City. A major producer of natural gas and agricultural products, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, telecommunications, biotechnology.
Both Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma's primary economic anchors, with nearly two thirds of Oklahomans living within their metropolitan statistical areas. With ancient mountain ranges, prairie and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains, Cross Timbers, the U. S. Interior Highlands, a region prone to severe weather. More than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, ranking third behind Alaska and California. Oklahoma is on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for Southern settlers, a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans; the name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla humma meaning red people. Choctaw Nation Chief Allen Wright suggested the name in 1866 during treaty negotiations with the federal government on the use of Indian Territory, in which he envisioned an all-Indian state controlled by the United States Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language that described Native American people as a whole.
Oklahoma became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, it was approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers. The name of the state is Pawnee: Uukuhuúwa, Cayuga: Gahnawiyoˀgeh. In the Chickasaw language, the state is known as Oklahomma', in Arapaho as bo'oobe'. Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,899 square miles, with 68,595 square miles of land and 1,304 square miles of water, it lies in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states. It is bounded on the east by Arkansas and Missouri, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, on the south and near-west by Texas. Much of its border with Texas lies along a failed continental rift; the geologic figure defines the placement of the Red River. The Oklahoma panhandle's Western edge is out of alignment with its Texas border; the Oklahoma/New Mexico border is 2.1 miles to 2.2 miles east of the Texas line. The border between Texas and New Mexico was set first as a result of a survey by Spain in 1819.
It was set along the 103rd meridian. In the 1890s, when Oklahoma was formally surveyed using more accurate surveying equipment and techniques, it was discovered the Texas line was not set along the 103rd meridian. Surveying techniques were not as accurate in 1819, the actual 103rd meridian was 2.2 miles to the east. It was much easier to leave the mistake than for Texas to cede land to New Mexico to correct the surveying error; the placement of the Oklahoma/New Mexico border represents the true 103rd meridian. Cimarron County in Oklahoma's panhandle is the only county in the United States that touches four other states: New Mexico, Texas and Kansas. Oklahoma is between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed sloping from the high plains of its western boundary to the low wetlands of its southeastern boundary, its highest and lowest points follow this trend, with its highest peak, Black Mesa, at 4,973 feet above sea level, situated near its far northwest corner in the Oklahoma Panhandle.
The state's lowest point is on the Little River near its far southeastern boundary near the town of Idabel, which dips to 289 feet above sea level. Among the most geographically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, with 11 in its borders—more per square mile than in any other state, its western and eastern halves, are marked by extreme differences in geographical diversity: Eastern Oklahoma touches eight ecological regions and its western half contains three. Although having fewer ecological regions Western Oklahoma contains many relic species. Oklahoma has four primary mountain ranges: the Ouachita Mountains, the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita Mountains, the Ozark Mountains. Contained within the U. S. Interior Highlands region, the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains are the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians. A portion of the Flint Hills stretches into north-central Oklahoma, near the state's eastern border, The Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department regards Cavanal Hill as the world's tallest hill.
The semi-arid high
Oklahoma City shortened to OKC, is the capital and largest city of the U. S. state of Oklahoma. The county seat of Oklahoma County, the city ranks 27th among United States cities in population; the population grew following the 2010 Census, with the population estimated to have increased to 643,648 as of July 2017. As of 2015, the Oklahoma City metropolitan area had a population of 1,358,452, the Oklahoma City-Shawnee Combined Statistical Area had a population of 1,459,758 residents, making it Oklahoma's largest metropolitan area. Oklahoma City's city limits extend into Canadian and Pottawatomie counties, though much of those areas outside the core Oklahoma County area are suburban or rural; the city ranks as the ninth-largest city in the United States by total area when including consolidated city-counties. Lying in the Great Plains region, Oklahoma City has one of the world's largest livestock markets. Oil, natural gas, petroleum products and related industries are the largest sector of the local economy.
The city is in the middle of an active oil field and oil derricks dot the capitol grounds. The federal government employs large numbers of workers at Tinker Air Force Base and the United States Department of Transportation's Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center. Oklahoma City is on the I-35 Corridor, one of the primary travel corridors south into neighboring Texas and Mexico and north towards Wichita and Kansas City. Located in the state's Frontier Country region, the city's northeast section lies in an ecological region known as the Cross Timbers; the city was founded during the Land Run of 1889 and grew to a population of over 10,000 within hours of its founding. The city was the scene of the April 19, 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, in which 168 people died, it was the deadliest terror attack in the history of the United States until the attacks of September 11, 2001, remains the deadliest act of domestic terrorism in U. S. history. Since the time weather records have been kept, Oklahoma City has been struck by thirteen strong tornadoes.
Since 2008, Oklahoma City has been home to the National Basketball Association's Oklahoma City Thunder, who play their home basketball games at the Chesapeake Energy Arena. Oklahoma City was settled on April 22, 1889, when the area known as the "Unassigned Lands" was opened for settlement in an event known as "The Land Run"; some 10,000 homesteaders settled the area. The town grew quickly. Early leaders of the development of the city included Anton Classen, John Shartel, Henry Overholser and James W. Maney. By the time Oklahoma was admitted to the Union in 1907, Oklahoma City had surpassed Guthrie, the territorial capital, as the new state's population center and commercial hub. Soon after, the capital was moved from Guthrie to Oklahoma City. Oklahoma City was a major stop on Route 66 during the early part of the 20th century. Before World War II, Oklahoma City developed major stockyards, attracting jobs and revenue in Chicago and Omaha, Nebraska. With the 1928 discovery of oil within the city limits, Oklahoma City became a major center of oil production.
Post-war growth accompanied the construction of the Interstate Highway System, which made Oklahoma City a major interchange as the convergence of I-35, I-40, I-44. It was aided by federal development of Tinker Air Force Base. In 1950, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 8.6 % 90.7 % white. Patience Latting was elected Mayor of Oklahoma City in 1971. Latting was the first woman to serve as mayor of a U. S. city with over 350,000 residents. Like many other American cities, center city population declined in the 1970s and 1980s as families followed newly constructed highways to move to newer housing in nearby suburbs. Urban renewal projects in the 1970s, including the Pei Plan, removed older structures but failed to spark much new development, leaving the city dotted with vacant lots used for parking. A notable exception was the city's construction of the Myriad Gardens and Crystal Bridge, a botanical garden and modernistic conservatory in the heart of downtown. Architecturally significant historic buildings lost to clearances were the Criterion Theater, the Baum Building, the Hales Building, the Biltmore Hotel.
In 1993, the city passed a massive redevelopment package known as the Metropolitan Area Projects, intended to rebuild the city's core with civic projects to establish more activities and life to downtown. The city added a new baseball park. Water taxis transport passengers within the district, adding activity along the canal. MAPS has become one of the most successful public-private partnerships undertaken in the U. S. exceeding $3 billion in private investment as of 2010. As a result of MAPS, the population living in downtown housing has exponentially increased, together with demand for additional residential and retail amenities, such as grocery and shops. Since the MAPS projects' completion, the downtown area has seen continued
Oklahoma State Cowboys and Cowgirls
Oklahoma State Cowboys and Cowgirls are the athletic teams that represent Oklahoma State University. The program's mascot is a cowboy named Pistol Pete. Oklahoma State participates at the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision as a member of the Big 12 Conference; the university's current athletic director is Mike Holder. In total, Oklahoma State has 52 NCAA team national titles, which ranks fourth in most NCAA team national championships; these national titles have come in wrestling, basketball and cross country. The 1945 Oklahoma A&M football team was retroactively awarded a national title in October 2016 by the American Football Coaches Association. Prior to 1957, OSU was known as Oklahoma A&M; as was common with most land-grant schools, its teams were known for many years as either the tigers or as theAggies. However, in 1923, A&M was looking for a new mascot to replace its pet tiger. A group of students saw Frank Eaton leading the Armistice Day Parade.
He was approached to see if he would be interested in being the model for the new mascot, he agreed. The caricature, Pistol Pete, drawn that year is more or less the same as the one in use today. Only a few decades removed from the cattle drive era, the cowboy was still an important figure in the Southwest; the new mascot had become so popular that by 1924, Charles Saulsberry, sports editor of The Oklahoma Times, began calling A&M's teams the Cowboys. "Aggies" and "Cowboys" were used interchangeably until A&M was elevated to university status in 1957. The "Waving Song" is one of the fight songs for Oklahoma State. At Oklahoma State football games, the song is played by the Cowboy Marching Band during the pregame traditions, following touchdowns, after victories against the Cowboys' opponents. For other athletic events, the Waving Song is played after an OSU victory as the start of the fight song trilogy. While the song is played, fans wave their right arms in the air; the song's melody is that of "The Streets of New York," a song from the Victor Herbert operetta, The Red Mill.
The lyrics used by Oklahoma State were written by H. G. Seldomridge, a professor who heard the tune on a visit to New York City; the original lyrics used the abbreviation "OAMC" in place of "Oklahoma State," as the school was still known as Oklahoma A&M College. It was first sung in 1908 at a follies show at Stillwater's Grand Opera House. Since, it has been a tradition to play the song at OSU athletic events. Independent Southwest Conference Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association Missouri Valley Conference Independent Big Eight Conference Big 12 Conference Oklahoma State is one of only two Power 5 schools that do not sponsor women's volleyball, the other one being Vanderbilt. Oklahoma State first took the basketball court in 1908. Under head coach Henry Iba, the team won NCAA championships in 1945 and again in 1946. A&M center Bob Kurland was named the NCAA Tournament MVP during their two championship seasons. Kurland was the first player to win the honor two times. Oklahoma State has a total of six Final Four appearances.
Under Eddie Sutton, the team made two Final Four appearances—in 1995 and in 2004. Sutton's son, Sean Sutton, began coaching the team in 2006 but resigned on March 31, 2008; the team is now coached by Mike Boynton Jr., promoted to head coach after Brad Underwood departed to become head coach of the Illinois Fighting Illini. Oklahoma State first fielded a women's team during the 1972-1973 season; the team's head coach is Jim Littell, who took over after their former head coach Kurt Budke was killed in a plane crash in Arkansas in November 2011, just after the season had started. The Cowboys won their only national championship in 1959, but have finished runner-up on five other occasions. OSU won 16 consecutive conference championships under head coach Gary Ward in the Big 8 Conference. During that time, Pete Incaviglia was named Baseball America's Player of the Century, Robin Ventura was inducted in the inaugural class into the College Baseball Hall of Fame. Overall, OSU has made 19 College World Series appearances, including seven straight from 1981–1987.
The Cowboys' current head baseball coach is Josh Holliday. The OSU football program have been to 11 straight. There have been 11 conference championships won, 1 Heisman Trophy winner, 2 NFL Hall of Fame members, 53 All-Americans to the Cowboys' name. Oklahoma State plays football on Lewis Field, in Boone Pickens Stadium; the Cowboys all-time record is 566-539-47. The current head coach is Mike Gundy. During Gundy's playing career, the Cowboys have enjoyed six 9+ win seasons in the past eight seasons. Gundy coached the team to a record 12 win season in 2011, culminating with a Fiesta Bowl victory over Stanford, his accolades consist of the 2010 Big 12 Coach of the Year, 2011 Eddie Robinson National Coach of the Year, 2011 Paul "Bear" Bryant National Coach of the Year, the 2011 American Football Monthly National Coach of the Year. The 1945 Oklahoma A&M team was retroactively awarded a national title in October 2016 by the American Football Coaches Association; the Aggies finished with a 9-0 record, completing the season with a 33-13 win over St. Mary's College in the Sugar Bowl.
Barry Sanders won the Heisman Trophy in 1988. Author Steve Budin, whose father was a New York bookie, has publicized the claim that the 1954 "Bedlam" game against rival OU was fixed by mobsters in his book Bets and Rock & Roll. Karsten Cre
The Oklahoma Sooners are the athletic teams that represent the University of Oklahoma, located in Norman. The 19 men's and women's varsity teams are called the "Sooners", a reference to a nickname given to the early participants in the Land Run of 1889, which opened the Unassigned Lands in the future state of Oklahoma to non-native settlement; the university's athletic teams compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I in the Big 12 Conference. The university's current athletic director is Joe Castiglione. In 2002, the University of Oklahoma was ranked as the third best college sports program in America by Sports Illustrated; the University of Oklahoma was a charter member of the Southwest Athletic Conference during its formation in 1914. Five years in 1919, OU left the SWC and joined the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association. In 1928, this conference split, OU remained aligned with the teams that formed the Big Six Conference. Over the next 31 years, more schools were added and the conference underwent several name changes, incrementing the number each time up to the Big Eight Conference where it remained until 1996.
Four Texas schools joined with the members of Big Eight to form the current Big 12 Conference. When combined with Blake Griffin's John Wooden Award and Sam Bradford's Heisman Trophy, Oklahoma became the second school to have a top winner in both basketball and football in the same year; the Sooners have been participating in college football since 1895. Calling Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium at Owen Field home, the team has won numerous bowl games, 41 conference championships, seven Associated Press National Championships, making the Sooners football program the most decorated in the Big 12. Oklahoma has scored the most points in Division I-A football history despite the fact they have played over 60 fewer games than the second place school on that list. OU has the highest winning percentage of any team since the start of the AP poll in 1936; the Sooners possess 7 national championships in football, with the 1950, 1955, 1956, 1974, 1975, 1985, 2000 seasons featuring the top team in the Associated Press final poll, the 2000 Bowl Championship Series National Championship as well.
This number is 3rd only to the Notre Dame Fighting Irish and the Alabama Crimson Tide for the most AP titles of any Division I college football team after the end of World War II. In addition to these seven acknowledged national championships there are nine additional years in which the NCAA's official record book recognizes the Sooners as national champions: 1949, 1953, 1957, 1967, 1973, 1978, 1980, 1986, 2003; the University of Oklahoma does not acknowledge these additional "championships", as they were not awarded by the Associated Press, United Press International, USA Today Coaches Poll, or the Bowl Championship Series. Individual success is a major part of Oklahoma football. C. Watts, Keith Jackson and Jammal Brown. More than a dozen Sooner players have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. Oklahoma has more Butkus award winners than any other school. Coaches Bennie Owen, Bud Wilkinson, Barry Switzer have passed through the gameday tunnel for the Sooners, each on his way to the College Football Hall of Fame.
Owen was the first successful coach at OU and was a major advocate of the forward pass, which at the turn of the century was not popular. The playing surface at Oklahoma's Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium is popularly known as Owen Field in honor of his long tenure and devotion to the university. Wilkinson left many imprints on the game, such as the 5-2 defense with five linemen and two linebackers; the record of 47 straight wins is regarded as one of the great achievements in sports, a streak, unlikely to be broken. Switzer won three national championships and forged arguably the fiercest rushing offense the Oklahoma wishbone formation, throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Though the end of Switzer's tenure at Oklahoma was marked by controversy and poor player behavior, he is well regarded by both his past players and Sooner fans. During his 16 years as the Sooners' head coach, Switzer led his team to 12 conference championships and never lost more than two games in a row, his winning percentage of.837 stands as the fourth-highest in the history of 1-A football.
Other Hall of Fame coaches whose tenure included stints at the University of Oklahoma are Lawrence "Biff" Jones and Jim Tatum. The Oklahoma Baseball tradition is long and storied, with two National Championships in 1951 and 1994, along with numerous All-Americans, their home field is L. Dale Mitchell Baseball Park, named after famed player Dale Mitchell; the current coach is Pete Hughes. The baseball program was a
Oklahoma County, Oklahoma
Oklahoma County is a county located in the central part of the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 718,633; the county seat is the state capital and largest city. Oklahoma County is at the heart of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Oklahoma County is one of seven counties in the United States to share the same name as the state it is located in, the only one of the seven to contain the state capital. Oklahoma County was called County Two and was one of seven counties established by the Organic Act of 1890. County business took place in a building at the intersection of California Avenue and Robinson Street until the construction of the first Oklahoma County Courthouse at 520 West Main Street in the 1900s. In 1937, the county government was moved to a building at 321 Park Avenue, which now serves only as the county courthouse. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 718 square miles, of which 709 square miles is land and 9.6 square miles is water.
I-35 I-40 I-44 I-235 I-240 US-62 US-66 US-77 US-270 Turner Turnpike Kilpatrick Turnpike SH-3 SH-3A SH-66 SH-74 SH-77H SH-152 SH-270 Oklahoma City National Memorial As of the Census of 2010, there were 718,633 people, 277,615 households, 172,572 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,013 people per square mile. There were 319,828 housing units at an average density of 416 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 64.6% White, 15.4% Black or African American, 3.5% Native American, 3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.1% from other races, 5.3% from two or more races. 15.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.4% were of German, 12.3% Mexican, 10.1% Irish, 7.9% English, 7.7% American ancestries according to the Census 2010. 84.4% spoke English and 11.5% Spanish as their first language. There were 277,615 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.8% were non-families.
31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.26. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $42,916, the median income for a family was $54,721; the per capita income for the county was $25,723. About 11.70% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over. Oklahoma County, as is typical for the state, is conservative for an urban county. Reflecting the state's turn toward the GOP in the second half of the 20th century, it swung from a 20-point victory for Harry Truman in 1948 to a 15-point victory for Dwight Eisenhower in 1952.
It has gone Republican in all but one presidential election since then. Contrasting with earlier years, in the 2018 Oklahoma gubernatorial election, Oklahoma County gave Democratic candidate Drew Edmondson the largest vote share of any county. In the 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Oklahoma, Oklahoma County 52.3% for Kendra Horn and was the only county in the state to vote for a Democratic candidate. Newalla List of counties in Oklahoma National Register of Historic Places listings in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma Oklahoma County Government's website Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
Oklahoma! (1955 film)
Oklahoma! is a 1955 American musical film based on the 1943 musical of the same name by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, starring Gordon MacRae, Shirley Jones, Rod Steiger, Charlotte Greenwood, Gloria Grahame, Gene Nelson, James Whitmore, Eddie Albert. The production was the only musical directed by Fred Zinnemann. Oklahoma! was the first feature film photographed in the Todd-AO 70 mm widescreen process. Set in Oklahoma Territory, it tells the story of farm girl Laurey Williams and her courtship by two rival suitors, cowboy Curly McLain and the sinister and frightening farmhand Jud Fry. A secondary romance concerns Laurey's friend, Ado Annie, cowboy Will Parker, who has an unwilling rival. A background theme is the territory's aspiration for Statehood, the local conflict between cattlemen and farmers; the film received a rave review from The New York Times, was voted a "New York Times Critics Pick". In 2007, Oklahoma! was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant".
Curly rides his horse through the cornfield. He arrives at Aunt Eller's farm. Laurey Williams is Aunt Eller's niece. Laurey feels the same way, but is loath to admit it. Curly has come to ask her to a party that night, but Laurey is offended that Curly has waited until the morning of the party to ask her. To make him jealous, she agrees to go with Jud, Aunt Eller's surly hired hand, though she is afraid of him. At the station, Aunt Eller meets roving cowboy Will Parker, who has just returned from Kansas City and is hoping to marry Ado Annie. Meanwhile, Laurey meets up with Ado Annie, with a traveling salesman named Ali Hakim. Laurey reminds her that Will is returning from Kansas City. Ado Annie is in a dilemma, unable to decide between Ali, she explains to Laurey that she can never resist a romantic man. Will is reunited with Ado Annie, meets Ali Hakim, unaware that he has been spending time with Annie, he reminds Annie her father agreed to let him marry her in exchange for $50. He has managed to earn $50 – but spent it all on presents for Annie.
She tries to resist, but Will wins her over. Several local families arrive at Aunt Eller's ranch to prepare for the party that night; when Gertie flirts with Curly, he uses the flirtation to make Laurey jealous. Laurey is hurt, but as she and the other girls freshen up for the party, she tries to convince them and herself that she doesn't care. Ado Annie's father learns Will spent all his money, when Ado Annie introduces Ali, her father forces a proposal from Ali at gunpoint - though Ali is a rover and has no desire for marriage. In the orchard, Laurey tells Curly to keep his distance, but Curly is quick to point out that she is as much to blame for the rumors as he is. Curly asks Laurey if she will go to the party with him instead, though she wants to, she is too scared of Jud's reaction to turn him down now. In anger, Curly goes to confront Jud about his feelings for Laurey. At first, things seem harmless enough. Curly teases Jud about his reputation, Jud joins in, but Jud deduces why Curly has come to see him, angrily threatens him and Laurey.
As the party draws near, Laurey is miserable. When she uses a bottle of smelling salts bought from Ali, which she was told was a magic elixir, she slips into a trance. In her dream and Curly are about to marry, but Jud crashes the wedding and kills Curly. Jud wakes Laurey. Laurey knows Curly is the right man for her, but it's too late to change her mind about going to the party with Jud. Curly, unwilling to go with another young lady to the dance, decides to take Aunt Eller. Jud has no intention of taking Laurey to the party, he attempts to sweet-talk her. But when he tries to kiss her, Laurey causes the horses to bolt; when they stop and Jud leaps down, Laurey whips up the horses and leaves Jud stranded. The party is in full swing. Aunt Eller and Mr. Skidmore, the party's host, manage to make peace. Aunt Eller leads. Will discovers Ali is engaged to Ado Annie; when Ali learns Will needs $50 to marry her, he buys the presents Will bought, some for more than twice what they're worth, allowing Will to recover the needed $50.
Ado Annie's father is forced to let Will marry his daughter. Meanwhile and Jud, who has arrived just in time, vie furiously for Laurey's hamper. Curly wins, but not before he has sold his saddle and gun. Jud tries to kill Curly with a "Little Wonder" – a kaleidoscope-like device with a dagger concealed inside it – but is foiled by Ali Hakim and Aunt Eller. Will Parker tells Annie. Jud confronts Laurey, he says. She explains what has happened. Seizing his chance, Curly proposes to her, she accepts. Ali bids leaves. Curly and Laurey are married. Gertie arrives at the wedding party, announcing she is married, her husband turns out to be Ali Hakim - Gertie's father forced Ali to marry her. But the festivities are disrupted by Jud, who sets fire to a haystack and threatens Curly with a knife. Curly jumps him, inadvertently causes Jud to fall on his own knife, killing him. A makeshift trial is held at Aunt Eller's house. Curly is found not guilty, he and Laurey depart for their honeymoon in the surrey with the fringe on top.
Interest in a film version of Okl