The Old Assyrian Empire is the second of four periods into which the history of Assyria is divided, the other three being the Early Assyrian Period, the Middle Assyrian Empire, the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Assyria was a major Mesopotamian East Semitic-speaking empire of the ancient Near East. Centered on the Tigris–Euphrates river system in Upper Mesopotamia, the Assyrian people came to rule powerful empires at several times. Making up a substantial part of the "cradle of civilization", which included Sumer, the Akkadian Empire, Babylonia, Assyria was at the height of technological and cultural achievements at its peak. At its peak, the Assyrian empire ruled over what the ancient Mesopotamian religion referred to as the "four corners of the world": as far north as the Caucasus Mountains within the lands of what is today called Armenia and Azerbaijan, as far east as the Zagros Mountains within the territory of present-day Iran, as far south as the Arabian Desert of today's Saudi Arabia, as far west as the island of Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea, further to the west in Egypt and eastern Libya.
Assyria is named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur, which dates to c. 2600 BC one of a number of Akkadian city states in Mesopotamia. Assyria was sometimes known as Subartu and Azuhinum prior to the rise of the city-state of Assur, during the Sasanian Empire as Asōristān. In the Old Assyrian Empire, Assyria established colonies in Anatolia and the Levant and, under king Ilu-shuma, it asserted itself over southern Mesopotamia; the first written inscriptions by urbanized Assyrian kings appear c. 2450 BC, after they had shrugged off Sumerian domination. The land of Assyria as a whole consisted of a number of city-states and small Semitic-speaking kingdoms, some of which were independent of Assyria; the foundation of the first major temple in the city of Aššur was traditionally ascribed to king Ushpia who reigned c. 2050 BC a contemporary of Ishbi-Erra of Isin and Naplanum of Larsa. He was reputedly succeeded by kings named Apiashal, Sulili and Akiya, of whom little is known, apart from much mentions of Kikkiya conducting fortifications on the city walls, building work on temples in Aššur.
Between c. 2500 BC and c. 2400 BC, Assyrian kings were pastoral leaders. The main rivals, neighbors or trading partners to early Assyrian kings between c. 2200 BC and c. 2000 BC would have been the Hattians and Hurrians to the north in Anatolia, the Gutian people and Turukkaeans to the east in the Zagros Mountains of the northwest Iranian Plateau, Elam to the southeast in what is now south central Iran, the Amorites to the west in what is today Syria, their fellow Sumero-Akkadian city-states of southern Mesopotamia such as Isin, Kish, Ur, Eshnunna and Larsa. Around 2400 BC, the Assyrians became subject to Sargon of Akkad, who united all the Sumero-Akkadian-speaking peoples of Mesopotamia under the Akkadian Empire, which lasted from c. 2334 BC to c. 2154 BC. At that time, the Sumerians were absorbed into the Akkadian population. Assyria became a regionally powerful nation in the Old Assyrian Empire from c. 2100 BC to c. 1800 BC. The Amorites had overrun the kingdoms of southern Mesopotamia and the Levant between c. 2100 BC and c. 1900 BC, but had hitherto been repelled by the Assyrian kings during this period.
However, Erishum II was to be the last king of the dynasty of Puzur-Ashur I, founded c. 2025 BC. In c. 1808 BC he was deposed and the throne of Assyria was usurped by Shamshi-Adad I in the expansion of Amorite tribes from the Khabur River delta in the north eastern Levant. About 1800 BC, Assyria came into conflict with the newly created city state of Babylon, which eclipsed the far older Sumero-Akkadian states and cities in the south. Assyria remained untroubled by the emergence of the Hittites and Mitanni, both to the north of Assyria, by the Kassites who had seized Babylonian from its Amorite founders. After securing its borders on all sides, Assyria entered into a quiet and peaceful period in its history which lasted for two and a half centuries; the emergence of the Mitanni Empire in c. 1600 BC did lead to a short period of sporadic Mitannian-Hurrian domination in c. 1500 BC. The Indo-European-speaking Mitanni are thought to have conquered and formed the ruling class over the indigenous Hurrians of eastern Anatolia.
The Hurrians spoke a language i.e. neither Semitic nor Indo-European. "Assyria" is named after Assur. The city Assur is itself named after Ashur. Assyria was sometimes known as "Azuhinum", prior to the rise of the city-state of Assur, after which it was referred to as "Aššūrāyu"." “Assyria” can refer to the geographic region of the Assyrian homeland equivalent to the territory of the Old Assyrian Empire, the land of the modern Christian Aramaic-speaking Assyrians. Scholars suggest that Subartu may have been an early name for Assyria proper along the Tigris river and further upriver into Upper Mesopotamia, although there are various other theories placing it sometimes a little further out to the north, and/or east within the Tigris–Euphrates river system. Assur was the capital city of Assyria c. 2025 BC – c. 1754 BC and c. 1681 BC – c. 1379 BC. The oldest remains of the city were discovered in the foundations of the Ishtar temple, as well as at the Old Palace. In around 2025 BC, Puzur-Ashur I founded a new dynasty, his successors such as Ilu-shuma
Guru Nanak National College is situated at the by- pass Jalandhar, India. Established in 1969, it is one of the oldest educational Institutes in the Doaba region of Punjab; the College is named after the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. This institute was established for the 500 th birth celebration of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Founding members included S. Darbara Singh Ex Speaker Punjab Assembly, S. Umrao Singh Sports minister Punjab, S. Darshan Singh Chairman Mandi Board Punjab, S. Rameshwar Singh and S. Kishan Singh Sarpanch Sarakpur Nakodar. Founding Principal was S. Balwant Singh. Initial Faculty included English Prof R. S Sehgal Prof D. V. Gupta Prof Narinder Verma Of Sarih Punjabi Prof Vir Singh Randhawa Prof Surjit Singh Of Shankar History Prof Amritpal Singh Toor Chemistry Prof Ajit Singh Physics Prof Harbhajan Singh Kale Sangha. Mathematics Prof Baldev Raj Prof Dilbagh Singh Economics Prof Ajaib Singh. DPI Mr. Narinder Sharma B. A. B. Sc. B. Sc. B. Sc. B. Sc. B. C. A. B. Com. from session 2012-13 M. Sc. from session 2012-13 P.
G. D. C. A. I. T. I Courses Electrician A. C. & Refrigerator Basic Computer NCC NSS Youth Club Red Ribbon Club Science Club I. T. Club Official website Guru Nanak National College, Nakodar on Facebook Guru Nanak National College, Nakodar on Twitter
Mortal Kombat X is a fighting video game developed by NetherRealm Studios and published by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment. Running on the Unreal Engine 3, it is the tenth main installment in the Mortal Kombat video game series and a sequel to the 2011 game Mortal Kombat, it was released on April 14, 2015 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One. NetherRealm Studios' mobile team developed a version for Android devices. High Voltage Software developed the PC version of the game, with Polish studio QLOC taking over the work on it shortly after the release of Kombat Pack 1. Like previous Mortal Kombat games, Mortal Kombat X's gameplay consists of two players, or one player and the CPU, fighting against each other with their selected character, using a large, varied array of character-specific attacks; the game contains several modes, such as a story mode, which takes place twenty-five years after the previous Mortal Kombat game, several'Tower' modes, which feature dynamically changing challenges, numerous online modes, the'Krypt', a mode played in a first person perspective, where players explore the areas unlocking a variety of in-game items.
The console versions of Mortal Kombat X received critical acclaim upon release. Most praise was directed at the game's controls, overall gameplay, graphics and characters, with some reviewers calling it the best game in the Mortal Kombat series. However, the PC version of the game was met with mixed reception, with reviewers citing numerous technical issues as problems that hinder the experience. Selling more than 10 million copies, the game was the fastest-selling game in the franchise and the ninth best-selling game in 2015. An upgraded version of Mortal Kombat X, titled Mortal Kombat XL, was released on March 1, 2016, for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One, including all downloadable content characters from the two released Kombat Packs all bonus alternate costumes available at the time of release, improved gameplay, improved netcode; this edition was released for PC on October 4, 2016, was added to the Xbox Game Pass on December 7, 2018. A sequel, Mortal Kombat 11, was released on April 23, 2019.
Mortal Kombat X is a fighting game in which two characters fight against each other using a variety of attacks, including special moves, the series' trademark gruesome finishing moves. The game allows two players to face each other, or a single player to play against the CPU; the energy meter, first introduced in Mortal Kombat, allows players to perform techniques such as "X-Ray" special moves. To NetherRealm Studios' previous title, Injustice: Gods Among Us, fighters are able to interact with the environment, using parts of the scenery to reposition themselves or using available objects as weapons. In addition, each fighter has three different variations, each featuring a different set of moves they can use during the fight: for example, the character Scorpion features a Ninjutsu variation which gives him specific moves utilizing dual swords, a Hellfire variation which incorporates fiery special moves, an Inferno variation which allows him to summon hellspawn minions to aid him in the fight.
Returning from the previous Mortal Kombat game is the Energy Meter, divided in three sections, provides access to enhanced special moves, breaking combos and performing X-ray moves. Additionally, a Stamina Meter has been added under the health bar, which consists of two sections, is consumed whenever the player runs, performs a back dash, a combo breaker, a stage interaction, or certain special techniques, such as cancelling Scorpion's teleports. In addition to the usual Fatalities, Mortal Kombat X features two new types of finishing moves: Quitality, which kills the player's character if they rage quit during a multiplayer match. Brutality finishing moves make a comeback, although different from the ones featured in Ultimate Mortal Kombat 3. Brutalities now take the form of enhanced versions of certain moves that are triggered when said move is used as the final blow to win the final round in a fight, provided certain conditions are met. In addition, the game features stage Brutalities, which are triggered when certain environment interactions are used to finish the opponent.
Additionally, stage Fatalities were reinstated in Mortal Kombat XL, being available in three of the game's stages. For local single-player, the game offers Story mode, a plot-driven mode with cutscenes between fights. Locally, player vs. player mode is available. Playing online, the play modes include 1 vs. 1, King of the Hill and Test Your Luck. Another new mode is Faction Wars, where players choose one from the five factions to align with, join a persistent online cross-platform competition with others, winning points for their faction, contributing in the conflict between them, ranking up and earning special rewards such as faction-specific finishing moves. Two years after the defeat of Outworld's ruler, Shao Kahn, Shinnok attacks Earthrealm with his army of Netherrealm demons, as well as Earthrealm warriors who were killed during Kahn's invasion and are now resurrected as revenants under Quan Chi's control. After fighting their fallen comrades, a strike team led by Johnny Cage, Sonya
Robert Gibson is an American retired baseball pitcher who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball for the St. Louis Cardinals. Nicknamed "Gibby" and "Hoot", Gibson tallied 251 wins, 3,117 strikeouts, a 2.91 earned run average during his career. A nine-time All-Star and two-time World Series champion, he won two Cy Young Awards and the 1968 National League Most Valuable Player Award. Known for a fiercely competitive nature and for intimidating opposing batters, he was elected in 1981 to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility; the Cardinals retired his uniform number 45 in September 1975 and inducted him into the team Hall of Fame in 2014. Born in Omaha, Gibson overcame childhood illness to excel in youth sports basketball and baseball. After playing under contract to both the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team and the St. Louis Cardinals organization, Gibson decided to continue playing only baseball professionally, he became a full-time starting pitcher in July 1961 and earned his first All-Star appearance in 1962.
Gibson won two of three games he pitched in the 1964 World Series won 20 games in a season for the first time in 1965. Gibson pitched three complete game victories in the 1967 World Series; the pinnacle of Gibson's career was 1968, when he posted a 1.12 ERA for the season and recorded 17 strikeouts during Game 1 of the 1968 World Series. Gibson began experiencing swelling in his knee in subsequent seasons. After retiring as a player in 1975, Gibson served as pitching coach for his former teammate Joe Torre. At one time a special instructor coach for the St. Louis Cardinals, Gibson was selected for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999. Gibson is the author of the memoir Pitch by Pitch, with Lonnie Wheeler. Gibson was born in Omaha, the last of Pack and Victoria Gibson's seven children. Gibson's father died of tuberculosis three months prior to Gibson's birth, Gibson himself was named Pack Robert Gibson in his father's honor. While he revered his father's legacy, Gibson disliked the name Pack, changed his first name to Robert.
Despite a childhood that included health problems like rickets, a serious case of either asthma or pneumonia when he was three, Gibson was active in sports in both informal and organized settings baseball and basketball. Gibson's brother Josh, 15 years his senior, had a profound effect on his early life, serving as a mentor to him. Gibson played on a number of youth basketball and baseball teams his brother coached, many of which were organized through the local YMCA. Gibson attended Omaha Technical High School, where during his tenure he participated on the track and baseball teams. Health issues resurfaced for Gibson, he needed a doctor's permission to compete in high school sports because of a heart murmur that occurred in tandem with a rapid growth spurt. Gibson was named to the All-State basketball team during his senior year of high school by a newspaper in Lincoln and soon after won a full athletic scholarship for basketball from Creighton University. Indiana University had rejected him after stating their negro athlete quota had been filled.
It was the same reasoning used to reject Oscar Robertson by Nebraska. While at Creighton, Gibson majored in sociology, continued to experience success playing basketball. At the end of Gibson's junior basketball season, he averaged 22 points per game, made third team Jesuit All-American; as his graduation from Creighton approached, the spring of 1957 proved to be a busy time for Gibson. Aside from getting married, Gibson had garnered the interest of the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team and the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team. In 1957, Gibson received a $3,000 bonus to sign with the Cardinals, he delayed his start with the organization for a year, playing basketball with the Harlem Globetrotters. However, he gave up as a travelling member due to many double-headers. Gibson was assigned to the Cardinals' big league roster for the start of the 1959 season, recording his Major League debut on April 15 as a relief pitcher. Reassigned to the Cardinals minor league affiliate in Omaha soon after, Gibson returned to the Major Leagues on July 30 as a starting pitcher, earning his first Major League win that day.
Gibson's experience in 1960 was similar, pitching nine innings for the Cardinals before shuffling between the Cardinals and their Rochester affiliate until mid-June. After posting a 3–6 record with a 5.61 ERA, Gibson traveled to Venezuela to participate in winter baseball at the conclusion of the 1960 season. Cardinals manager Solly Hemus shuffled Gibson between the bullpen and the starting pitching rotation for the first half of the 1961 season. In a 2011 documentary, Gibson indicated that Hemus's racial prejudice played a major role in his misuse of Gibson, as well as of teammate Curt Flood, both of whom were told by Hemus that they would not make it as major leaguers and should try something else. Hemus was replaced as Cardinals manager in July 1961 by Johnny Keane, Gibson's manager on the Omaha minor league affiliate several years prior. Keane and Gibson shared a positive professional relationship, Keane moved Gibson into the starting pitching rotation full-time. Gibson proceeded to compile an 11–6 record the remainder of the year, posted a 3.24 ERA for the full season.
That's It! is an album by American jazz saxophonist Booker Ervin featuring performances recorded in 1961 for the Candid label. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 4½ stars and stated: "Booker Ervin, who always had a unique sound on the tenor, is heard in prime form on his quartet set". All compositions by Booker Ervin except as indicated"Mojo" - 7:57 "Uranus" - 4:32 "Poinciana" - 8:04 "Speak Low" - 7:12 "Booker's Blues" - 10:59 "Boo" - 4:32Recorded at Nola Penthouse Studios in New York City on January 6, 1961. Booker Ervin - tenor saxophone Horace Parlan - piano George Tucker - bass Al Harewood - drums
Trophonopsis muricata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails. Fusus asperrimus Leach in Brown, 1827 Fusus barvicensis Johnston, 1825 Fusus cancellatus Bivona, 1838 Fusus longurio Weinkauff, 1866 Murex muricatus Montagu, 1803 Murex recticanalis Wood, 1879 Murex sculptus Bellardi, 1872 Pseudofusus rostratus var. sowerbyana Monterosato, 1890 Raphitoma asperrima Trophon curta Locard, 1892 Trophon muricatus Trophon muricatus albinus Settepassi, 1977 Trophon muricatus major Settepassi, 1977 Trophon muricatus var. aspera Monterosato in Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 Trophon muricatus var. lactea Jeffreys, 1867 Trophon muricatus var. major Monterosato in Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 Trophon muricatus var. minor Monterosato in Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 Trophonopsis curta Locard, 1892 Trophonopsis forestii Ruggieri, 1947 Trophonopsis forestii coeni Ruggieri, 1947 Trophonopsis gortani Ruggieri, 1947 Trophonopsis muricata var. minor Locard, 1897 Trophonopsis muricatus albinus Monterosato in Settepassi, 1977 Trophonopsis muricatus var. minor Locard, 1897 The size of an adult shell varies between 10 mm and 20 mm.
This species occurs in European waters, in the Mediterranean Sea, in the Black Sea, in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean off Portugal and the Azores de Kluijver, M. J.. S.. H.. Macrobenthos of the North Sea: 1. Keys to Mollusca and Brachiopoda. World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM Series. Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification: Amsterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 3-540-14706-3 Gofas, S.. Mollusca, in: Costello, M. J. et al.. European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213 Muller, Y.. Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire.. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp. "Trophonopsis muricatus". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011