Abington is a town in Plymouth County, United States, 20 miles southeast of Boston. The population was 15,985 at the 2010 census. Before the Europeans made their claim to the area, the local Native Americans referred to the area as Manamooskeagin, meaning "great green place of shaking grass." Two streams in the area were named for the large beaver population: Schumacastacut or "upper beaver brook" and Schumacastuscacant or "lower beaver brook."Abington was first settled by European settlers in 1668. The lands included the current towns of Bridgewater, Rockland and parts of Hanover; the town was incorporated in 1712, having been named six years earlier by Governor Joseph Dudley as a tribute to Anne Venables-Bertie, Countess of Abingdon, wife of the second Earl of Abingdon, who helped him secure the governorship of the colony from Queen Anne. The Earl of Abingdon is named from Abingdon-on-Thames in Oxfordshire, UK. Indeed, the original petition from Governor Dudley ordered that "the Town be named Abingdon".
A marginal note on the document gave the spelling as "Abington" as it has been known since. In 1769, an iron foundry was established within the town. In 1815, Jesse Reed invented a machine that mass-produced tacks, which in turn led to the shoe industry becoming established in the town. During the nineteenth and early twentieth century, the manufacture of boots and shoes was its primary industry, with nearly half of the footwear provided for the Union Army during the Civil War being provided by Abington factories. From 1846 to 1865, Abington was a center of the abolitionist movement. In 1874 and 1875, the towns of Rockland and Whitman separated and incorporated as towns. In 1893, the town was the site of a riot between town constables and workers from the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, over the town's rights to build a streetcar line that crossed the railroad's tracks; the town built the line, as a "peace offering", the railroad built the North Abington Depot building, built in the style of H. H. Richardson.
Abington has evolved into a predominantly residential community with some light manufacturing including printing and machine-tool. Abington is located at 42°7′10″N 70°56′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.9 square miles, of which 9.7 square miles is land and 0.23 square miles, or 2.41%, is water. Abington ranks 308th of 351 communities in the Commonwealth, is the fourth-smallest town in Plymouth County. Abington is bordered by Holbrook to the northwest, Weymouth to the northeast, Rockland to the east, Whitman to the south, Brockton to the west. Abington is considered to be an inland town of the South Shore, is located 20 miles south of Boston. Abington has two major waterways. In the northwestern corner of town lies Ames Nowell State Park, a large forested area around Cleveland Pond. Island Grove Pond was created in the 1700s. Much of the town's population is centered on the eastern side of town, closer to the former town geographic center; the northeast corner of town is the site of portions of the runways of the South Weymouth Naval Air Station, closed in 1997 as a part of the fourth round of BRAC base closures.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Abington has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 15,985 people, 6,080 households, 4,111 families residing in the town with 6,377 total housing units. The racial makeup of the town was 92.5% White, 2.1% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.8% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population. There were 6,080 households out of which 33.6% had individuals under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.4% were non-families. 25.1% of all households consisted of someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.18. In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 25.2% under the age of 19, 5.6% from 20 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.5 years. Males made up 48.9% of the population, while females made up 51.1%. The median income for a household in the town, based on a 2006–2010 projection, was $74,589. In 2000, the median income for a family was $68,826. Males had a median income of $44,151 versus $30,923 for females; the per capita income for the town was $23,380. About 2.1% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Statistically speaking, Abington is the 125th largest community by population in the Commonwealth, ranks 71st by population density, its population is lower than the population average but above the median. On the national level, Abington is a part of Massachusetts's 8th congressional district, is represented by Stephen Lynch.
The state's senior member of the United State
Weymouth is a city in Norfolk County, one of 13 Massachusetts municipalities that city forms of government while retaining "town of" in their official names. It is named after Weymouth, Dorset, a coastal town in England, is the second-oldest settlement in Massachusetts, it is one of the South Shore's more affordable towns and offers a short commute into Boston, MBTA bus and rail service, a town beach. As of the 2010 census, Weymouth had a total population of 55,643; as of the 2010 census, there were 53,743 people, 22,435 households, 13,595 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,174.2 people per square mile. There were 22,573 housing units at an average density of 1,327.1 per square mile. 64% housing units were owner-occupied and 35% of housing units were renter-occupied. The racial makeup of the city was 84.7% White, 3.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 5.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.
There were 22,028 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families, 37% of which were non-family households with residents over 65 years of age. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $68,665, the median income for a family was $52,083. Males had a median income of $42,497 versus $35,963 for females; the per capita income for was $24,976.
About 9.1% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. Weymouth has the 10th highest Irish population in the United States, at 33%; as "white flight" occurred in inner-city Boston exacerbated by the start of the cross-district busing program, in the 1960s and 70s thousands of white Bostonians moved to middle/working class suburbs such as Weymouth and Rockland. The blue collar city culture of places like South Boston and Dorchester is prevalent in the neighborhoods of Weymouth. Weymouth has colloquially been referred to as "Suburban Southie" and "Southie on the South Shore" due to the high influx of South Boston residents and Irish Catholic culture in the town; this trend continues in a different way again today as some longtime South Boston residents are now being priced out due to gentrification. Many are moving out to the more affordable towns on the South Shore. Data is from the 2009–2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.
Weymouth is located at 42°12′23″N 70°56′45″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 21.6 square miles, of which 17.0 square miles is land and 4.6 square miles is water. Weymouth contains the Weymouth Fore River. There are many streets named after trees. Weymouth residents designate which of four'districts' they live in. North Weymouth is considered anything north of the intersection of Church Street, North Street and Green Street; some of the sites around North Weymouth are Great Esker Park, George Lane Beach, Webb State Park, the Wessagusset Yacht Club, Boston skyline views, the Abigail Adams Historical Society. North Weymouth was a blue collar area, However it has started to include up-and-coming waterfront property that rivals similar in pricier towns. Many small cottages are being redone on the waterfront; this is notable on streets such as Regatta Road. North Weymouth is the most densely populated area of the town. South Weymouth is south of Route 3. South Weymouth is home to the former Naval Air base, being redeveloped into residential and commercial properties and is one of the areas biggest development projects.
South Shore Hospital and Weymouth High School are in South Weymouth. South Weymouth has its own town square called Columbian Square. East Weymouth is somewhat in the center of Weymouth, including Whitman's Pond, Jackson Square, Town Hall. East Weymouth has several fine examples of Victorian homes, including Queen Anne and colonial revival homes; some fine examples of these homes are being restored on Hillcrest Road. East Weymouth has many longtime working class residents. Weymouth Landing spans a mile around Weston Park. After recent years of blight in the main commercial area it is being redeveloped. Weymouth Landing is the border between Weymouth and Braintree and is where the Fore River splits into tributaries. Weymouth is bordered on the north by Hingham Bay. Weymouth's territory includes Grape Island, Slate Island, Sheep Island, all part of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. Weymouth is bordered on the west by Quincy and Holbrook, it is bordered on the south by Rockland. Weymouth is bordered on the east by Hingham.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Wey
Walpole is a town in Norfolk County, United States and encompasses the distinct entity of Walpole, with its much smaller area of 2.9 square miles and smaller population of 5,198 at the 2010 census. Walpole Town, as the Census refers to the actual town, is located about 13 miles south of Downtown Boston and 23.5 miles north of Providence, Rhode Island. The population was 24,070 at the 2010 census. Walpole was first settled in 1659 and was considered a part of Dedham until incorporated in 1724; the town was named after Sir Robert Walpole, de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain. It started out as a territory, claimed by the Neponset Native American tribe; the Neponset tribe claimed the area, now Walpole, some of its surrounding territory in 1635. The town of Dedham was not included in this claim, so they began to negotiate with the Neponset tribe to gain land. In 1636, a deal was made between the town of Dedham and the Neponsets to grant Dedham lands that now comprise the towns of Walpole, Westwood, Medfield and Dover as well as Dedham.
The land given to Dedham in this deal includes parts of 16 different towns. After the territory was bought from Dedham, the saw mill industry began to rise in the area; the first saw mill in Walpole was built near what is now the Neponset River. It was located in the area, now the Walpole Town Forest; the mill was built and owned by Joshua Fisher and Major Eleazer Lusher, two wealthy men of Dedham. Walpole soon wanted to sever its ties with Dedham, so its residents began to petition at Dedham town meetings to become a separate town; the request was granted by the town of Dedham in 1724, the town was named Walpole, after Sir Robert Walpole. After its incorporation, Walpole had a role in the events leading up to the American Revolutionary War; the citizens agreed. They sent Joshua Clapp, to the state meetings at Faneuil Hall in Boston; these meetings were to discuss how Massachusetts was going to keep its residents safe and peaceful during the events of the American Revolutionary War. In 1775, Walpole sent 157 men to the Battle of Concord.
These men were led by Captain Seth Bullard. In December 1777, a British fleet of ships came into Narragansett Bay and anchored in Newport Harbor in Rhode Island. Walpole sent two groups of minutemen, to help with the situation; these men were led by Joshua Clapp, Oliver Clapp. They stayed in Rhode Island to defend the port for three weeks. Walpole began to grow after the Revolutionary War. By 1860, the town had 1,935 residents. Starting around this time, several mills began to be built on the Neponset River in order to harness the power of falls. Over the years, these mills grew and manufactured products such as cotton and paper in its many mills; the most notable of these was the Bird Company, which comprised a large complex on the river in East Walpole. After the company ceased operations at the site in 1980, most of the buildings were razed over the years; the Neponset River was used for transport between the close towns of Sharon and Medfield. It was used as a water supply and for water power.
The Norfolk County railroad connected the town. It was part of a railroad network that connected Walpole to Boston and New York City. Many churches were formed in Walpole at this time, including Trinitarian and Methodist ones: Union Congregational Church est. 1877, etc. Walpole's first public library was founded in 1872, it was founded by Walpole resident Miss Mary R. Bird; the first library in Walpole was founded in 1816 by a group known as "The Ladies' Literary, Moral Society." It was not public, was built to provide books to Walpole that may, in the words of the society, "afford useful information to the mind and improvement to the heart."The town grew throughout the 1900s, with an increase of over 3,000 by the 1920s. At a town meeting in 1922, local resident Maude R. Greeves said: In 1929, Harriet Nevins donated $50,000 for the erection of a public building as a memorial for her parents George Blackburn and Nancy H. Blackburn, her father, a merchant from Bradford, had once lived and done business in Walpole.
Blackburn Memorial Building was designed by the architectural firm of Putnam & Cox Company of Boston, built by the F. J. Tetreault Company of Walpole, dedicated in 1932; the red brick building, which features a neo-classical façade with whitewashed pillars, is still owned by the Town of Walpole and is used for a variety of activities throughout the year including children's theater production. To the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts, Harriet Nevins left $2500 to fund the construction of a fountain for horses and dogs; the fountain still stands on School Street in Walpole opposite the Town Hall. At the census of 2010, there were 24,070 people, 8,060 households, 5,972 families residing in the town; the population density was 429.0/km². There were 8,229 housing units at an average density of 400.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.41% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, 0.64% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.02% of the population. The Census of 2010 shows little variance in these figures. Only the Asian population has seen some
Milton is a town in Norfolk County, United States and an affluent suburb of Boston. The population was 27,003 at the 2010 census. Milton is the birthplace of former U. S. President George H. W. Bush and architect Buckminster Fuller. In 2007, 2009, 2011, Money magazine listed Milton 7th, 5th, 2nd on its annual list of the "Best Places to Live" in the United States. Milton is located between the Blue Hills, it is bordered by Boston's Dorchester neighborhood and Mattapan neighborhood to the north and its Hyde Park neighborhood to the west, Quincy to the east and south, Randolph to the south and Canton to the west. Milton was settled in the 1630s as a part of Dorchester by Puritans from England. Richard Callicott, one of the first settlers, built a trading post near the Neponset River and negotiated the purchase of Milton from Sachem Cutshamekin. Many of the settlers arrived during the 1650s fleeing the aftermath of Oliver Cromwell’s deposition from power and the English Civil War. Referred to as "Unquity", the term used by the Neponset Tribe of the Massachusetts Indians meaning "Lower Falls,", translated into "Lower Mills" after the establishment of the Israel Stoughton Grist Mill in 1634.
In 1662, "that part of the Town of Dorchester, situated on the south side of the Neponset River called'Unquatiquisset' was incorporated as an independent town and named Milton in honor of Milton Abbey, England.” Many early Puritan families of Milton became influential and important in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, such as: the Sumners, Hutchinsons, Tuckers and Babcocks. A powder mill established in 1674 may be the earliest in the colonies, taking advantage of the town's water power sites. Boston investors, seeing the potential of the town and its proximity to the city, provided the capital to develop 18th century Milton as an industrial site with an iron slitting mill and sawmills, the first chocolate factory in New England in 1764, converted from the old Stoughton Grist Mill. Laying of streetcar lines fueled the rapid expansion of residential development. Between 1870 and 1915, Milton grew into the community it is now: a streetcar suburb with some chocolates and market produce to remind residents of the past.
By 1929, many of the big estates were broken into subdivisions as the town's residential growth continued. The Suffolk Resolves were signed in Milton in 1774, were used as a model by the drafters of the Declaration of Independence in 1776; the Suffolk Resolves House, where the Resolves were passed, still stands and it is maintained as the headquarters of the Milton Historical Society. The house was moved to a new location at 1370 Canton Avenue in West Milton in order to save it from demolition at its previous location in "Milton Village" at Lower Mills, they were the "Suffolk Resolves" because Milton was part of Suffolk County until 1793, when Norfolk County split off, leaving only Boston and Chelsea in Suffolk County. Two royal governors of Massachusetts, Jonathan Belcher and Thomas Hutchinson, had houses in Milton; the Governor Belcher House dates from 1777, replacing the earlier home destroyed in fire in 1776, it is owned on Governor Belcher Lane in East Milton. Although Hutchinson's house was demolished in the 1940s, Governor Hutchinson's Field, owned by the Trustees of Reservations today is a wide expanse of greenery on Milton Hill, with a view of the Neponset River estuary and the skyscrapers of Boston six miles away.
Both Governor Belcher's house and Governor Hutchinson's field are on the National Register of Historic Places. The town was home to America's first piano factory. Revolutionary Milton is the setting of the opening of the 1940 bestselling historical novel Oliver Wiswell by Kenneth Roberts; the Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory is located in the town, home of the nation's oldest continuously kept meteorological records. The Granite Railway passed from Quincy to the Neponset River in Milton, beginning in 1826, it is called the first commercial railroad in the United States, as it was the first chartered railway to evolve into a common carrier without an intervening closure. A centennial historic plaque from 1926 and an original switch frog and section of track from the railway can be found in the gardens on top of the Southeast Expressway as it passes under East Milton Square; the frog had been displayed at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. East Milton Square developed as a direct result of the Granite Railway.
Four sheds there were used to dress the granite stone prior to it being brought by rail to the wharf for transfer to boats. East Milton Square was termed the "Railway Village" and a train station was located there after 1871 when the Granite Railway became a passenger line of the Old Colony Railroad; the Blue Bell Tavern, a hotel, served as the headquarters of the Granite Railway and it was named the Russell House. It was located on the site of the current United States Post Office in East Milton Square. In 1801 Josiah Bent began a baking operation in Milton, selling "water crackers" or biscuits made of flour and water that would not deteriorate during long sea voyages from the port of Boston; the crackling sound occurred during baking, hence the name. This is, his company sold the original hardtack crackers used by troops during the American Civil War. The company, Bent's Cookie Factory, is still located in Milton and continues to sell these items to Civil War reenactors and others. Robert Bennet Forbes was a noted China Trade merchant, sea captain, philanthropist during the Irish Famine.
He built a Greek Revival mansion in 1833 at 215 Adams Street o
Marshfield is a town in Plymouth County, United States, on Massachusetts's South Shore. The population was 25,132 at the 2010 census. See also: Green Harbor, Marshfield Hills, Ocean Bluff-Brant Rock. Marshfield is located about where Cape Cod Bay meets Massachusetts Bay. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.74 square miles, of which 28.46 square miles is land and 3.28 square miles is water. Marshfield is bordered by Massachusetts Bay to the east, Duxbury to the south and southeast, Pembroke to the west, Norwell to the northwest, Scituate to the north and northeast. Marshfield is 18 miles east of Brockton and 29 miles southeast of Boston. Marshfield is named for the many salt marshes which border the salt and brackish borders of the town. There are three rivers: the North and the Green Harbor River; the South River divides a peninsula from the rest of the town, where Rexhame village and the Humarock and Fourth Cliff neighborhoods of the town of Scituate lie.
The Scituate neighborhoods can be reached by land by two bridges, by boat, or by foot along Rexhame Beach. The Rexhame-Humarock peninsula is a barrier beach with an 84-foot-high moraine, one of only two barrier beach moraines on the east coast of the United States. Marshfield is the site of several small forests and conservation areas, including the Daniel Webster Wildlife Sanctuary along the Green Harbor River and the North River Wildlife Sanctuary along Route 3A; the town of Marshfield has six separate zip codes: Marshfield, Brant Rock, Ocean Bluff, North Marshfield, Marshfield Hills, Green Harbor. There are eight villages in the town: Marshfield Center, Ocean Bluff, Brant Rock, Green Harbor, Marshfield Hills, North Marshfield; the following beaches comprise Marshfield's 5-mile-long public seashore: Rexhame, Sunrise, Ocean Bluff, Brant Rock, Blackman's Point, Blue Fish Cove, Green Harbor known to the locals as, "Burke's Beach". Marshfield is a popular summer beach destination. Tourists and vacationers cause the town's population to nearly double from Memorial Day through Labor Day weekend.
Only full-time residents can vote on public tax matters. As of the census of 2000, there were 24,324 people, 8,905 households, 6,598 families residing in the town; the population density was 854.8 people per square mile. There were 9,954 housing units at an average density of 349.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 92.69% White, 3.54% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.67% of the population. There were 8,905 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.9% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.20. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $142,610. and the median income for a family was $172,330. The median home value was $890,000. Males had a median income of $111,992 versus $83,773 for females; the per capita income for the town was $92,012. About 0.6% of families and 0.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. On the national level, Marshfield is a part of Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, is represented by William Keating; the state's senior senator, elected in 2012, is Elizabeth Warren. The junior senator, elected in 2013, is Ed Markey. On the state level, Marshfield is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Fourth Plymouth district, which includes much of the town of Scituate; the representative for Marshfield and Scituate in the Massachusetts House of Representatives is Jim Cantwell.
The town is represented by Patrick O'Connor in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Plymouth and Norfolk district, which includes the towns of Cohasset, Hingham, Norwell and Weymouth. The town is patrolled by the First Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police. Marshfield is governed on the local level by the open town meeting form of government, is led by a town administrator and a board of selectmen; the current board of selectmen includes a direct descendant of Pilgrim Richard Warren. The modern town hall is located at the intersection of Routes 3A and 139, just south of the South River; the town has its own police and fire stations, with firehouses located in Marshfield Hills, Ocean Bluff and near the fairgrounds. The town's Ventress Memorial Library is located a short distance east of the town hall, is a member of the Old Colony Library Network. There is an independent library, the Clift Rodgers Free Library, in Marshfield Hills; the town has three post offic
Stoughton is a town in Norfolk County, United States. The population was 26,962 at the 2010 census; the town is located 17 miles from Boston, 25 miles from Providence, 35 miles from Cape Cod. Stoughton was settled in 1713 and incorporated in 1726, from the southwestern portion of the large town of Dorchester. At its founding, it included the current towns of Sharon and Avon, it was named after William Stoughton, the first chief justice of Colonial Courts and the notorious chief justice of the Salem Witch Trials. The Suffolk Resolves were written in Old Stoughton at Doty's Tavern, they are thought to be the basis for the Declaration of Independence. The meeting included Paul Revere. An agricultural community, Stoughton developed into an important shoemaking center. In 1874, the Stoughton Public Library was established; the oldest choral society in the United States is located in Stoughton. Founded in 1786 as The Stoughton Musical Society, it is now known as the Old Stoughton Musical Society, it has the oldest constitution of any musical society in the United States, written in 1787, only a few weeks after the United States Constitution.
In 1893, this musical society distinguished itself by performing several concerts at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, heard by an audience of several thousand people. In 1986, the musical society celebrated its bicentennial with a series of concerts and special events. In 1940 artist Jean Watson painted the mural, A Massachusetts Countryside as a project of the WPA; the artwork is on display in the attic at the Stoughton Historic Society. The Save Our Stoughton campaign attracted national attention in the 1980s for their work picketing a local adult book store. Most Stoughton became the first municipality in Massachusetts to declare itself a "No Place for Hate" town. Stoughton's train station was built in 1888, is the only one in Massachusetts to house a clock tower; the station is unique in many ways as it was built out of stones from a West Street quarry that belonged to Stoughton resident Myron Gilbert. In 1974 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Over a million dollars was raised to restore the station to its original luster in time for the 100th anniversary.
In 2009, the MBTA permanently closed the station, which stood at the terminus of the Stoughton Branch of the MBTA's Providence/Stoughton Line. The building still stood but remained closed to the public as of 2015. In 2015, members of Town Meeting voted to purchase the train station from the state. Plans for use of the property are being developed by the Community Preservation Committee. On August 15, 1908, Stoughton was hit by a moderate earthquake. Although the Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory was affected, the shockwaves did not reach to Boston. On May 9, 2013, a weak and unexpected tornado touched down in Stoughton, with minor damage occurring; the tornado was ranked as an EF-0 on the Enhanced Fujita scale after the National Weather Service office in Taunton, Massachusetts confirmed this tornado in a damage survey on May 10. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.3 square miles, of which 16.0 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Stoughton borders Canton to the north, Randolph to the northeast, Avon to the east, Brockton to the southeast, Easton to the south, Sharon to the west.
The highest point in Stoughton 350 feet above mean sea level, is an unnamed hill in the south west region of town between Ames Pond and Briggs Pond. As of the 2010 Census, there were 26,962 people, 10,295 households, 7,099 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,654.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,818 housing units at an average density of 663.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 80.2% White, 11.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 1.3% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population. There were 10,295 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town, the population was spread out with 81.5% of age 16 years and over, 78.7% of age 18 years and over, 75.7% of age 21 years and over, 20.1% of age 62 years and over, 16.4% of age 65 years and over. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males. Stoughton has a history of manufacturing and an emerging cluster of regional retail, as well as a substantial base of land zoned for commercial and industrial purposes; the major commercial and industrial areas in town are located adjacent to Route 24 and along routes 138, 139 and 27, but smaller areas are interspersed with residential zones due to the community’s industrial past. The town has significant protected open space resources, including the Bird Street Sanctuary, water department lands, recreational fields and a municipal golf course. Additional owned, but not protected, undeveloped lands are an important factor in the character of the community.
Stoughton has good access to the
Hull is a town in Plymouth County, United States, located on a peninsula at the southern edge of Boston Harbor. Its population was 10,293 at the 2010 census. Hull is the smallest town by the fourth smallest in the state. However, its population density is within the top thirty towns in the state. Hull has been the summer home to several luminaries throughout the years, including Calvin Coolidge and former Boston mayor John F. Fitzgerald, the father of Rose Kennedy and father-in-law of Joseph Kennedy, Sr.. The Massachuset tribe called the area Nantasket, meaning "at the strait" or "low-tide place." It is a series of islands connected by sandbars forming Nantasket Peninsula, on which the Plymouth Colony established a trading post in 1621 for trade with the Wampanoags. The town was first settled in 1622 and incorporated in 1644, when it was named for Kingston upon Hull, England. Roger Conant was in the area, after leaving the Plymouth Colony and before going to Cape Ann in 1625. Early industries included fishing and salvaging shipwrecks.
During the Revolutionary War, General Benjamin Lincoln oversaw the evacuation of Boston from here in 1778. In 1776 a fort called "Fort Independence" was built on Allerton Point, in 1901 Fort Revere was built on the same site. In 1927 Fort Duvall was completed on Hog Island armed with 16-inch guns, the largest deployed by the United States. Hull was part of Suffolk County, when the southern part of the county was set off as Norfolk County in 1793, it included the towns of Hull and Hingham. In 1803 those towns became part of Plymouth County. Lifesaving has been an important part of Hull history; the Massachusetts Humane Society placed one of its first Huts of Refuge on Nantasket Beach after the American Revolution. When it expanded its boat houses for lifeboats it placed several in Hull at Stoney Beach, on Nantasket Beach, near Cohasset. Joshua James, Hull's most famous lifesaver, became the first Keeper of the Pt. Allerton U. S. Life Saving Station, when it opened in 1889. James and his crews, both Humane Society volunteers and U.
S. Life-Savers, are estimated to have saved over 1000 people from shipwrecks; the exact number is not known because Massachusetts Humane Society records were lost in the Great Boston Fire of 1872. The Hull Lifesaving Museum is now located in the 1889 Pt. Allerton Life Saving Station, with the Museum's Maritime Program housed in the old Coast Guard boathouse at Pemberton Point; the new U. S. Coast Guard Station Point Allerton opened at the edge of Hull Village near Pemberton Point in 1969. Hull features Nantasket Beach, with fine, light gray sand—generally considered one of the finest beaches in New England. At low tide, there are acres of sandy tide pools. Beginning the community's development as a tourist resort, in 1825 Paul Worrick established the Sportsman Hotel on Nantasket Avenue. More hotels were built, by 1840, steamboats made three trips a day between the town and Boston. Following the crowds onto the boardwalks were gamblers and confidence men, so Paragon Park was built as a safe place for those seeking amusement.
Called a "marvel of fantasy," it once featured a ride based on the Johnstown Flood. The complex closed in 1984. Today, the only surviving remnants of Paragon Park on the boardwalk are the historic carousel and clock tower. Hull is located at 42°17′10″N 70°52′35″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.9 square miles, of which 2.8 square miles is land and 24.1 square miles, or 89.58%, is water. Hull is located on the narrow Nantasket Peninsula, which juts into Massachusetts Bay and is the southern land point at the entrance to Boston Harbor. Hidden in Hull's bay is Hog Island, now known as Spinnaker Island. Hog Island was home to Hull's first high school, as well as Fort Duvall before WWII, a Nike Missile site during the Cold War. Parts of the island sat low and fill was brought in to prevent flooding. Spinnaker Island has been developed with condominiums, is connected to mainland Hull via a low bridge; the town is bordered by Hingham Bay to the west, Massachusetts Bay to the north and east, the towns of Cohasset and Hingham to the south.
Hull is located 20 miles by land from Boston, although by water it is just 5 miles from Pemberton Point in Hull to City Point in South Boston. Although it is a forty-five-minute drive into the heart of Boston, it is a twenty-minute boat ride from Pemberton Pier, at the tip of Hull, into Boston's Long Wharf, close to the North End and Faneuil Hall. Hull is separated from Cohasset and Hingham by the Weir River estuary, state-recognized as an Area of Critical Environmental Concern; the estuary contains 600 acres of undeveloped land, including 140 acres of undeveloped land in Hull, of which close to 80 percent is protected from development. The estuary is important as a nursery for other marine life. Over 100 species of birds use the Weir River Estuary; the Weir River Estuary Center, owned by the town and being developed by the Weir River Watershed Association, located at the entrance to Hull on George Washington Boulevard, was expected to open by summer 2009. Black Rock Beach connecting to Cohasset is the town's only landed connection to the mainland, although two bridges link the town to Hingham.
Town neighborhoods include Green Hill, Straits Pond, Crescent Beach, Atlantic Hill, West Corner, Rockaway Annex, Nantasket Beach