Sandy Hill, Ottawa
Sandy Hill is a neighbourhood in Ottawa, located just east of downtown. The neighbourhood is bordered on the west by the Rideau Canal, on the east by the Rideau River. To the north it stretches to Rideau Street and the Byward Market area while to the south it is bordered by the Queensway highway and Nicholas Street; the area is named for its hilliness, caused by the river, its sandy soil, which makes it difficult to erect large buildings. It is home to a number of embassies and parks. Le cordon bleu operates its Canadian school there, at the opposite end of Sandy Hill from the University of Ottawa. According to the Canada 2011 Census, the population of Sandy Hill was 12,490. Sandy Hill was, during the nineteenth and early twentieth century, Ottawa's wealthiest neighbourhood; the estate of Louis-Théodore Besserer, who donated part of this land to University of Ottawa, it was subdivided and became home to most of Ottawa's lumber barons. When Ottawa became the country's capital, it became home to senior public servants and to the Prime Minister who lived at Stadacona Hall and at what is now known as Laurier House.
The construction of bridges over the canal and the introduction of automobiles and streetcars made the area much more accessible to downtown, it began to decline as the wealthy moved to Rockcliffe Park. The neighbourhood became more middle class, it was predominantly francophone, the 1960s Radio-Canada television network drama "La Côte de Sable" was set there, to this day one of the network's only drama set outside Quebec. The area saw much growth at the end of the Second World War as the baby boom increased the population and the nearby federal government began hiring. Many of the once grand mansions became embassies. Many nations still have their embassies in Sandy Hill, including those of Russia and of many African nations, which are clustered near the Rideau River, its population dropped by 30 % in the'70s as families fled the dismal urban planning. There are many students living in the area due to its proximity to the University of Ottawa. Unusual among modern urban neighbourhoods, Sandy Hill demographics change within a few blocks.
Wealthy people live near the embassies of the Rideau River, but closer to the university, one finds more students, senior citizens, new immigrants with more diversified income levels. Housing in the western end of Sandy Hill includes boarding houses, student rental housing, modest owned homes and cooperative housing. For example, on Henderson Avenue, a Irish working-class sector of Sandy Hill, there are two Housing Cooperatives: Sandy Hill Housing Co-op and St. Georges Housing Cooperative / la Coopérative d'habitation St Georges, a bilingual, multicultural coop, with residents who come from Canada, with neighbours newly arrived from Ghana, DR Congo, Rwanda, Burundi and several Middle Eastern countries; these Coops not only provided attractive low-rise multi-housing mixed income communities but contributed to the restoration of the heritage homes on this street and won awards for their contribution to Sandy Hill's heritage restoration. The Sandy Hill area is split about between the English speaking and the francophone population, with large communities from Somalia and Haiti.
The area is close to downtown to the Rideau Centre, a large downtown shopping mall. The area is well served by mass transit and the transitway passes by the university. Sandy Hill is divided into four areas. North Sandy Hill consists of the area north of Laurier Avenue; this part of the neighbourhood is much older with many of its buildings dating from the nineteenth century. The area is subject to the influences of more recent developments on the thoroughfare of Rideau Street. South of Laurier is South Sandy Hill built after the Second World War, though there are a number of much older structures; the far south of neighbourhood below Mann Avenue is an area known as Strathcona Heights. This area is as densely populated, it consists entirely of low-rise apartment buildings that are either subsidised housing or co-operatives. This area was redeveloped in the early 1990s; the area below the Strathcona Heights escarpment, near the Rideau River, is known as Robinson village. It was cut off from other neighbourhoods when highways were built, contains low-rise houses and light industrial uses.
Laurier House University of Ottawa Strathcona Park Heritage Canada, 5 Blackburn Amnesty International, Canadian headquarters Examination Unit, a secretive unit of the National Research Council and became Communications Security Establishment, was located at a house near Laurier House. By virtue of its proximity to Parliament Hill, many past residents of Sandy Hill have been politicians. Julian Armour - Musician Ed Broadbent - NDP Leader Max Keeping - Television News Anchor William Lyon Mackenzie King - Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier - Prime Minister John A. Macdonald - Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson - Prime Minister Elizabeth Smart - Author Kurt Waldheim - UN Secretary General, Austrian Ambassador to Canada Alexander Yakovlev - so-called'Godfather of Glasnost' The large homes built by the lumber barons are today popular locations for embassies and many countries are represented in the neighbourhood: All Nations Church All Saints Anglican Church Eglise Sacré-Coeur St. Alban's Anglican Church St. Clement Catholic Church St. Paul's-Eastern United Church St. Joseph's Catholic Church St. Paul Lutheran Church List of Ottawa neighbourhoods Exploring Ottawa: an architectural guide to the nation's capital.
Harold Kalman and John Roaf. Toronto: University of To
Saint Paul University
Saint Paul University is a bilingual Catholic Pontifical university federated with the University of Ottawa since 1965. It is located on Main Street in Canada's capital city: Ontario. Bilingual, it offers instruction in the Country's both official languages: French and English; the university has been entrusted for over a century and a half to the Congregation of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate. In August 1866, the university was endowed a civil charter, passed by the government, called the Province of Canada, it received a pontifical declaration promulgated by Pope Leo XIII on 5 February 1889. In 1848, Joseph-Bruno Guigues, the first bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ottawa, established the College of Bytown. In 1856, the college was entrusted to the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, and, in 1866, it was renamed the College of Ottawa; the institution would rewrite its pontifical charter in keeping with the Apostolic Constitution of Pope Pius XI, rewrote its civil charter around the same time.
Its rewritten civil charter was approved by the Government of Ontario in 1933, when it was renamed the University of Ottawa, its revised pontifical charter was approved by the Holy See in 1934. On July 1, 1965, by an act of the Ontario Legislature, the institution known as the University of Ottawa was renamed Saint Paul University, which retained its civil and pontifical charters, while a new corporate body, to be known as the University of Ottawa, was created to inherit the majority of the university's holdings. Canon Law Human Sciences Philosophy Theology Social Communications Human Relations and Spirituality Public Ethics and Philosophy Conflict Studies Social Innovation Theology Counselling and Spirituality Canon Law Conflict Studies Public Ethics and Philosophy Transformative Leadership and Spirituality Theology Research Centre for Vatican II and 21st Century Catholicism Centre for Religious Education and Catechesis Research Centre in Public Ethics and Governance Centre for Research on Conflict Sophia Research Centre Lonergan Centre Research Chair for Religious History of Canada Chair in Christian Family Studies Mercy and Presentation Sisters Chair Jean-Léon Allie Library and Archives Office of Research and Ethics Office of Admission and Student Services Alumni and Development Office Internship Office Counselling and Psychotherapy Centre Centre for Canonical Services Multiservices Centre Computer and Distance Education Services Pastoral Services Recruitment and Communications Services Financial Services Facilities Services Human Resources Services Food and Conference Services The collection contains over 500,000 volumes, 1,000 current periodicals and some 100,000 microforms.
History The library began on April 1937, as the library of the University of Ottawa's seminary. The late Father Jean-Léon Allie, O. M. I. was its founder and first Chief Librarian. After occupying that post for more than 40 years, Father Allie continued to devote all his energies to the Library, as Acquisitions Librarian as University Librarian Emeritus, until his death on November 26, 1996. Starting with only four books, the library began to grow through generous donations from other religious institutions, as well as through the founder's judicious purchases, to become the largest of its kind in Canada; the excellent quality of the library has long been recognized by scholars in philosophy, medieval studies and theology. As early as 1963, in a survey conducted for the National Conference of Canadian Universities and Colleges, Edwin E. Williams of Harvard University stated: "Ottawa has nationally outstanding collections for philosophy and religious history, with advanced research holdings for work in... medieval studies."
The organization of the collection follows that of the Library of Congress, with some adaptations in the fields of theology, church history and canon law. The university is a member of the Association of Colleges and Universities of the Canadian Francophonie, a network of academic institutions of the Canadian Francophonie, it was announced from autumn 2017, that St. Paul's, will begin offering, a joint distance learning, Licentiate in Canon Law and joint civil masters in canon law with St. Patrick's College, Ireland. Cardinal Francis Eugene George, OMI Sister Helen Prejean M. A. List of colleges and universities named after people Schlitt, Dale M.. Université Saint-Paul: hier, aujourd'hui et demain = Saint Paul University: yesterday and tomorrow. Ottawa: Université Saint-Paul = Saint Paul University. ISBN 978-0-919261-60-0. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada profile
Ottawa City Council
The Ottawa City Council is the governing body of the City of Ottawa, Canada. It is composed of the mayor; the mayor is elected at large. Council members are elected to four year terms with the last election being on October 22, 2018; the council meets at Ottawa City Hall in downtown Ottawa. Much of the council's work is done in the standing committees made up sub-groups of councillors; the decisions made in these committees are voted upon. Agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee Community and Protective Services Committee Debenture Committee Environment Committee Finance and Economic Development Committee Audit Sub-Committee Governance Renewal Sub-Committee Information Technology Sub-Committee Member Services Sub-Committee Planning Committee Built Heritage Sub-Committee Transit Commission Transportation Committee Accessibility Arts, Culture and Recreation Environmental Stewardship French Language Services Services Jim Watson – Mayor Stephen Blais – Cumberland Ward Riley Brockington – River Ward Rick Chiarelli – College Ward Jean Cloutier – Alta Vista Ward George Darouze – Osgoode Ward Diane Deans – Gloucester-Southgate Ward Laura Dudas - Innes Ward Keith Egli – Knoxdale-Merivale Ward Eli El-Chantiry – West Carleton-March Ward Mathieu Fleury – Rideau-Vanier Ward Glen Gower - Stittsville Ward Jan Harder – Barrhaven Ward Allan Hubley – Kanata South Ward Theresa Kavanagh - Bay Ward Jeff Leiper – Kitchissippi Ward Matthew Luloff – Orléans Ward Catherine McKenney – Somerset Ward Carol Anne Meehan – Gloucester-South Nepean Ward Shawn Menard - Capital Ward Scott Moffatt – Rideau-Goulbourn Ward Tobi Nussbaum – Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward Jenna Sudds - Kanata North Ward Tim Tierney – Beacon Hill-Cyrville Ward Jim Watson – Mayor Stephen Blais – Cumberland Ward Riley Brockington – River Ward Rick Chiarelli – College Ward David Chernushenko – Capital Ward Jean Cloutier – Alta Vista Ward George Darouze – Osgoode Ward Diane Deans – Gloucester-Southgate Ward Keith Egli – Knoxdale-Merivale Ward Eli El-Chantiry – West Carleton-March Ward Mathieu Fleury – Rideau-Vanier Ward Jan Harder – Barrhaven Ward Allan Hubley – Kanata South Ward Jeff Leiper – Kitchissippi Ward Catherine McKenney – Somerset Ward Jody Mitic – Innes Ward Scott Moffatt – Rideau-Goulbourn Ward Bob Monette – Orléans Ward Tobi Nussbaum – Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward Shad Qadri – Stittsville Ward Michael Qaqish – Gloucester-South Nepean Ward Mark Taylor – Bay Ward Tim Tierney – Beacon Hill-Cyrville Ward Marianne Wilkinson – Kanata North Ward Jim Watson – Mayor Stephen Blais – Cumberland Ward Rainer Bloess – Innes Ward Rick Chiarelli – College Ward David Chernushenko – Capital Ward Peter D. Clark – Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward Diane Deans – Gloucester-Southgate Ward Steve Desroches – Gloucester-South Nepean Ward Keith Egli – Knoxdale-Merivale Ward Eli El-Chantiry – West Carleton-March Ward Mathieu Fleury – Rideau-Vanier Ward Jan Harder – Barrhaven Ward Katherine Hobbs – Kitchissippi Ward Diane Holmes – Somerset Ward Allan Hubley – Kanata South Ward Peter Hume – Alta Vista Ward Maria McRae – River Ward Scott Moffatt – Rideau-Goulbourn Ward Bob Monette – Orléans Ward Shad Qadri – Stittsville Ward Mark Taylor – Bay Ward Tim Tierney – Beacon Hill-Cyrville Ward Doug Thompson – Osgoode Ward Marianne Wilkinson – Kanata North Ward Larry O'Brien, Mayor Georges Bédard – Rideau-Vanier Ward Michel Bellemare – Beacon Hill-Cyrville Ward Rainer Bloess – Innes Ward Glenn Brooks – Rideau-Goulbourn Ward Rick Chiarelli – College Ward Alex Cullen – Bay Ward Diane Deans – Gloucester-Southgate Ward Steve Desroches – Gloucester-South Nepean Ward Clive Doucet – Capital Ward Eli El-Chantiry – West Carleton-March Ward Peggy Feltmate – Kanata South Ward Jan Harder – Barrhaven Ward Diane Holmes – Somerset Ward Peter Hume – Alta Vista Ward Gord Hunter – Knoxdale-Merivale Ward Rob Jellett – Cumberland Ward Christine Leadman – Kitchissippi Ward Jacques Legendre – Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward Maria McRae – River Ward Bob Monette – Orléans Ward Shad Qadri – Stittsville-Kanata West Ward Doug Thompson – Osgoode Ward Marianne Wilkinson – Kanata North Ward Bob Chiarelli, Mayor Georges Bédard – Rideau-Vanier Ward Michel Bellemare – Beacon Hill-Cyrville Ward Rainer Bloess – Innes Ward Glenn Brooks – Rideau-Goulbourn Ward Rick Chiarelli – Baseline Ward Alex Cullen – Bay Ward Diane Deans – Gloucester-Southgate Ward Clive Doucet – Capital Ward Eli El-Chantiry – West Carleton Ward Peggy Feltmate – Kanata Ward Jan Harder – Bell-South Nepean Ward Diane Holmes – Somerset Ward Peter Hume – Alta Vista Ward Gord Hunter – Knoxdale-Merivale Ward Rob Jellett – Cumberland Ward Herb Kreling – Orléans Ward Jacques Legendre – Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward Shawn Little – Kitchissippi Ward Maria McRae – River Ward Bob Monette – Orléans Ward Janet Stavinga – Goulbourn Ward Doug Thompson – Osgoode Ward Bob Chiarelli, Mayor Elisabeth Arnold, Somerset Michel Bellemare, Beacon Hill-Cyrville Rainer Bloess, Innes Glenn Brooks, Rideau Rick Chiarelli, Baseline Alex Cullen, Bay Diane Deans, Gloucester-Southgate Clive Doucet, Capital Dwight Eastman, West Carleton Jan Harder, Bell South-Nepean Peter Hume, Alta Vista Gord Hunter, Knoxdale-Merivale Herb Kreling, Orléans Jacques Legendre, Rideau Rockliffe Shawn Little, Kitchissippi Phil McNeely, Cumberland Madeleine Meilleur, Rideau-Vanier Alex Munter, Kanata Janet Stavinga, Goulbourn Wendy Stewart, River Doug Thompson, Osgoode Jim Watson, Mayor Elisabeth Arnold, Somerset Inez Berg, Capital Jim Bickford, Mooney's Bay Ward Richard Cannings, Rideau Diane Deans, Southgate Ward Stéphane Émard-Chabot, Bruyère-Strathcona Ward Allan Higdon, Alta Vista-Canterbury Ward Karin Howard, Mooney's Bay Ward (1997 - February
The Glebe is a neighbourhood in Ottawa, Canada. It is located just south of Ottawa's downtown area in the Capital Ward with its northern border being demarcated by Highway 417, the Queensway, it is bounded by the Rideau Canal to the south and east. Many maps show the western edge as Bronson Avenue, but some include the triangle farther west formed by Bronson, Carling Avenue, Dow's Lake; the Glebe Community Association uses the latter definition. As of 2011, the area's population was 11,184; the Glebe has a strong community association which, in addition to running a large community centre, lobbies the local government on issues such as traffic calming and neighbourhood development. The Glebe has a community newspaper, Glebe Report, published independently since 1973; the Glebe is populated by families. The Glebe lies in the federal riding of Ottawa Centre, the same provincial electoral district; the stretch of Bank Street that runs through the Glebe is one of Ottawa's premier shopping areas, with many small stores and restaurants offering a wide variety of services.
Much of the rest of the Glebe consists of detached homes, many of them constructed in the early decades of the 20th century. Some of these homes are owner-occupied family residences, while others have been subdivided into multiple rental apartments; the Glebe is home to Lansdowne Park which contains TD Place Stadium, where Ottawa's Canadian Football League football team and the University of Ottawa Gee-Gees play their home games. Lansdowne Park contains TD Place Arena, the permanent home of the Ottawa 67's and was the temporary home for the Ottawa Senators before the Canadian Tire Centre was completed; the area that became the park was purchased from local farmers in 1868 by the City of Ottawa Agricultural Society. From the canal two bodies of water jut into the Glebe: Brown's Inlet; these areas are surrounded by some of the city's most expensive homes. The last Saturday in May of each year brings the "Great Glebe Garage Sale" to the neighbourhood. Sellers are expected to donate a portion of the proceeds to a designated charity.
The area is called the Glebe because in the initial 1837 survey of Ottawa the area of 178 acres was deeded by the Crown to St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church as Clergy Reserve; the word "glebe" means church lands, the area was known as "the glebe lands of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church"; when the area was opened for development in 1870, real estate agents began to refer to it as "The Glebe". The initial area was bounded by Carling Avenue and Fifth Avenue on the north and south sides, Main Street and Bronson Avenue as the eastern and western limits; the original city limits on the south side had been set at Gladstone Avenue when the city was incorporated. Annexation in 1889 extended the new limits to the Rideau Canal. By Act of the Provincial Legislature, the Glebe became part of a small but growing city. By the late 1960s, the Glebe was bounded by the Queensway on the north side, by the Rideau Canal on the east and south, with Bronson Avenue as a western boundary; the Glebe was one of Ottawa's first suburbs.
In 1871 James Whyte, one of the leading merchants of the town, built a large residence on the Canal Road on the north side of the waterway at midpoint between what is now Bank Street and Bronson Avenue, which served the Basilian Fathers in the 1960s. In 1872, James Whyte moved into a new home on Bank Street near Holmwood Avenue, which served the community in the 1960s as a residence for older people. In 1882 the creation of Central Park and the construction of the new Canada Atlantic Railway terminal on the west side of the Rideau Canal at the end of the Glebe encouraged the development of the southern section of the city. In June 1891, the first electric street car set off down Bank Street for the Exhibition, which opened at Lansdowne Park in 1888. First Avenue Public School and St. Matthew's Anglican Church a small frame structure, opened their doors about the same time in 1898. Mutchmor Public School on Fifth Avenue was built in the 1890s with additions in 1911 and 1920 as housing density increased and new families moved into the district.
The separate school, Corpus Christi dates from this early era. Roman Catholic families attended Mass for some years to a temporary chapel on the south side of Fourth Avenue near Percy. In 1900, the Ottawa Electric Street Railway was established, with one of its first routes running south along Bank Street; the Drive way, from Elgin Street and Laurier Avenue over the route to the Experimental Farm, was built between 1900 and 1903, providing added impetus to city growth on the south side. Most Glebe houses date from this era, the area became home to many middle-class workers; as housing went up on the avenues, corner stores and other commercial properties began to appear on Bank Street. The electric street car allowed workers to take the street car to work; as part of this building program and Monkland Avenues were laid out and Clemow Avenue was paved west from Bank Street. From 1903-1904, a large low-lying area between Second and Third Avenues was filled in with sand taken from the land along Carling Avenue.
Growth was slower on the blocks west of Bank Street, housing did not extend much beyond Kent Street. Between Powell and Carling Avenues, a transformation took place since an address in this part of the Glebe showed that the owner had property or position, pro
The Rideau River, is a river in Eastern Ontario, Canada. The river flows north from Upper Rideau Lake and empties into the Ottawa River at the Rideau Falls in Ottawa, Ontario, its length is 146 kilometres. The river was given the name "Rideau" by Champlain, as he wrote in 1613, because of the appearance of the Rideau Falls; the Anishinàbemowin name for the river is "Pasapkedjinawong", meaning "the river that passes between the rocks."The Rideau Canal, which allows travel from Ottawa to the city of Kingston, Ontario on Lake Ontario, was formed by joining the Rideau River with the Cataraqui River. The river diverges from the Canal at Hog's Back Falls in Ottawa. In early spring, to reduce flooding on the lower section of the river, workers from the city of Ottawa use ice blasting to clear the ice which covers the river from Billings Bridge to Rideau Falls by cutting "keys" through the ice and using explosives to break off large sheets of ice; this practice has been going on for more than 100 years.
The regulatory authority charged with protecting the Rideau River and its tributaries is the Rideau Valley Conservation Authority. Adrians Creek Duck Creek Tay River Black Creek Otter Creek Rosedale Creek Irish Creek Babers Creek Atkinsons Creek Rideau Creek Dales Creek Brassils Creek Murphy Drain Kemptville Creek McDermott Drain Cranberry Creek Steven Creek Mud Creek Jock River Black Rapids Creek Nepean Creek Sawmill CreekCommunities along the Rideau include: Ottawa, Ontario Manotick, Ontario Kars, Ontario Merrickville, Ontario Smiths Falls, Ontario List of Ontario rivers Royal Swans, that now occupy a stretch of the river. Lawrence, Bonita. Fractured Homeland: Federal Recognition and Algonquin Identity in Ontario. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: UBC Press. ISBN 9780774822893. Legget, Robert Ferguson. Rideau Waterway. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-2573-0 – via Google Books. Rideau Valley Conservation Authority Biodiversity of the Rideau River
To cities, towns, charter townships and boroughs. The term can be used to describe municipally owned corporations. Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located; this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter. A city charter or town charter or municipal charter is a legal document establishing a municipality, such as a city or town. In Canada, charters are granted by provincial authorities; the Corporation of Chennai is the oldest Municipal Corporation in the world after UK. The title "corporation" was used in boroughs from soon after the Norman conquest until the Local Government Act 2001. Under the 2001 act, county boroughs were renamed "cities" and their corporations became "city councils". After the Partition of Ireland, the corporations in the Irish Free State were Dublin, Cork and Waterford and Drogheda, Sligo and Wexford. Dún Laoghaire gained borough status in 1930 as “The Corporation of Dun Laoghaire".
Galway's borough status, lost in 1840, was restored in 1937. The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 allowed municipal corporations to be established within the new Provinces of New Zealand; the term fell out of favour following the abolition of the Provinces in 1876. In the United States, such municipal corporations are established by charters that are granted either directly by a state legislature by means of local legislation, or indirectly under a general municipal corporation law after the proposed charter has passed a referendum vote of the affected population. Under the enterprise meaning of the term, municipal corporations are "organisations with independent corporate status, managed by an executive board appointed by local government officials, with majority public ownership"; some MOCs rely on revenue from user fees, distinguishing them from agencies and special districts funded through taxation, although this is not always the case. Municipal corporation follows a process of externalization that requires new skills and orientations from the respective local governments, follow common changes in the institutional landscape of public services.
They are argued to be more efficient than bureaucracy but have higher failure rates because of their legal and managerial autonomy. Unincorporated area German town law Municipal incorporationA Brief Summary of Municipal Incorporation Procedures by State - University of Georgia Characteristics and State Requirements for Incorporated Places - United States CensusMunicipal disincorporation / dissolutionDissolving Cities - University of California, Berkeley Municipal Disincorporation in California - California City Finance