SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Old Schools

The Old Schools are part of the University of Cambridge, in the centre of Cambridge, England. The Old Schools house the Cambridge University Offices, which form the main administration for the University; the building is Grade I listed. It is two storeys high with ashlar facing and a parapet above. Within the Old Schools are Cobble Court; the Old Schools building is located at the end of Trinity Lane and is surrounded by other historic University and College buildings. To the north is Gonville and Caius College. To the east is the University of Cambridge Senate House where degree ceremonies are held, on King's Parade. To the south, the scene is dominated by the large King's College Chapel. To the west are Trinity Hall and Clare College; the Old Schools Site covers the Old Schools, the Senate House, Great St Mary's, the University Church. The original building was begun in 1441–4, it formed the Old Court of King's College, but was bought by University and demolished in 1829. The west range was completed in 1864–7 by Sir George Gilbert Scott and in 1889–90 by John Loughborough Pearson.

The Old Schools housed the Cambridge University Library, which has now relocated to the west of the Cambridge city centre, north off West Road Path. The north wing designed by Charles Robert Cockerell and built 1836-7 in a grand classical style was part of a scheme to rebuild the entire building

Nadia Urbinati

Nadia Urbinati is a political theorist and the Kyriakos Tsakopoulos Professor of Political Theory at Columbia University. In 1989, she received her Ph. D. at European University Institute in Florence, Italy. She is a naturalized American citizen. Urbinati's work specializes in modern and contemporary political thought and the democratic and anti-democratic traditions, she teaches at Columbia University where she co-chaired the Columbia University Faculty Seminar on Political and Social Thought. She is one of the longest-serving scholars of populism in modern academia. With Andrew Arato, she was the co-editor of Constellations: An International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory, she is a member of the Executive Committee of the Foundation Reset Dialogues on Civilization. Prior to Columbia, she was a member of the School of Social Sciences of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University and was a Laurance S. Rockefeller Visiting Fellow at the University Center for Human Values at Princeton.

In Italy, Urbinati is permanent visiting professor at Pisa's Scuola Superiore de Studi Universitari e Perfezionamento Sant'Anna and has taught at Bocconi University in Milan, SciencesPo in Paris, the University of Campinas in Brazil. In 2008, Italian president Giorgio Napolitano made Urbanati a Commander of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic "for her contribution to the study of democracy and the diffusion of Italian liberal and democratic thought abroad."She is the winner of the 2008-9 Lenfest/Columbia Distinguished Faculty Award and she received the David and Elaine Spitz Prize for the best book in liberal and democratic theory for Mill on Democracy. In addition to the books she has edited and co-edited, Urbaniti is the author of a number of journal articles and books, including: Me The People: How Populism Transforms Democracy The Tyranny of the Moderns Democracy Disfigured: Opinion and the People Representative Democracy: Principles and Genealogy Mill on Democracy: From the Athenian Polis to Representative Government Urbinati is a political columnist for Italian newspapers

Women's Civic League

The Women's Civic League is an organization founded in 1911 in Baltimore, Maryland to promote the welfare of the citizens of Maryland and Baltimore, specifically. Throughout the course of the twentieth century, the League has been involved in grassroots projects that encourage the citizens of Baltimore to organize to rejuvenate their city from the neighborhoods up to the government as well as from the government down; this group spread awareness about issues within the city and encouraged attendance at committee fundraisers through the publication of pamphlets and through updates in the Baltimore Afro-American newspaper. One of the most recognized events that the Women's Civic League is known for in Baltimore is the annual Flower Mart held in Mt. Vernon Place in the city's cultural and historical district; the Flower Mart was first held the same year that the League was formed, but it took place before the official founding. The Home and Garden Committee was responsible for holding the event, which provided fund-raising as well as cultural value.

The Flower Mart became under the control of the League in 1912 when the Home and Garden Committee joined with the newly formed Women's Civic League. This event has been held yearly since its founding with the exception of two years during World War I, it remains today a May tradition in Baltimore, but has expanded to include booths from various committees and organizations around the city. The Women's Civic League has made a priority of educating Baltimoreans about the city of Baltimore, its members have written and published pamphlets that offer reference guides to the city's political leaders, community businesses, city policies. One of their annual publications is the Know Your City pamphlet that provides readers with a business directory, helpful facts about the city, lists of locations of parks and landmarks; the preface of the Know Your City pamphlet describes the reason for its publication. If the life of people in Baltimore is going to change, the League believed, the people needed knowledge.

The intent of the pamphlets this organization produced was to spread knowledge to the average Baltimorean about his or her city. Women's Civic League, Inc. of Baltimore