Bolinas Ridge is a north-south ridge in southwestern Marin County, California. Much of the western side of the ridge is protected parkland in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, the eastern side is watershed lands of the Marin Municipal Water District; the ridge parallels a section of the San Andreas Fault, features panoramic vistas with trees, rounded hillsides, Bolinas Lagoon, Tomales Bay, the Olema Valley and the Pacific Ocean. The base of the ridge at the south end includes the community of Stinson Beach, with the ridge rising abruptly from around 400 feet to over 1,900 feet at the highest point. West Ridgecrest Road, a two lane highway, runs along the southern portion of the ridge, has been the location for numerous automobile commercial video shoots; this roadway heads north along the ridge. Views to the east include lakes and undulating hills, with the ocean to the west, the source of dense fog that sometimes obscures all views and limits visibility to a few feet. Much of the original old-growth Coast redwoods were logged off in the late 1800s and shipped out by way of Bolinas Lagoon.
Today, a diverse community of plant life grows along the ridge. Along with the tall redwoods, sections include stands of Douglas fir, various mixed scrub and open grassland hillsides, hardwood woodlands and along the lower slopes, maritime chaparral that features rare Marin Manzanita and a federally designated'Species of Concern', Mason's ceanothus, listed by the state of California as rare. Bolinas, California Audubon Canyon Copper Mine Gulch McKinnan Gulch Morses Gulch Pike County Gulch Stinson Gulch Wilkins Gulch
Inverness is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in western Marin County, California. Inverness is located on the southwest shore of Tomales Bay 3.5 miles northwest of Point Reyes Station, at an elevation of 43 feet. In the 2010 census, the population was 1,304; the community is named after Inverness and was named by a Scottish landowner. Inverness is north of San Francisco, on a bay of the Pacific Ocean. Inverness is located on the west shore of Tomales Bay, which runs southeast along the line of the San Andreas Fault. Surrounded by Point Reyes National Seashore, it is a residential community, with little industry other than tourism, it has a small downtown area with a general store, post office, two restaurants, one gift shop and a coffee shop. A third restaurant is located a short way north of downtown. There are a number of hotels and inns spread throughout the town. One aspect of the town is a concentration of recreational boating. There is a small public marina, a few private piers, the Inverness Yacht Club.
Portions of the John Carpenter film The Fog as well as most of his film Village of the Damned were shot in and around Inverness. The town is 15 miles or so from Drake's Bay on the Pacific Ocean, named after Sir Francis Drake, who explored the coast in the 16th Century. Although Drake's official log was lost, the ship's doctor's log described landing in an area that reminded him of the White Cliffs of Dover. Drake's Bay is backed by similar-looking cliffs, leading many to believe this is where the ship landed; the region became the property of James Shafter. It became a summer resort where people from San Francisco and Oakland came to camp and swim in Tomales Bay. Many built small summer cabins. Small steamboats took day trippers down the bay to secluded beaches, they left from Brock Schreiber's boathouse, preserved and is a prominent local landmark with its prominent sign "Launch for Hire". The first post office opened in 1897. In 1995, Inverness Ridge was the site of the Mt. Vision Fire, which burned a large area of Point Reyes National Seashore and a number of homes built on the ridge.
The town itself was threatened but was saved by helicopters dipping water from Tomales Bay to drop on the Bishop pine forest between the town and the burning ridgetop. Inverness is located at 38°06′04″N 122°51′25″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.8 square miles, of which, 6.4 square miles of it is land and 0.4 square miles of it is water. The town is adjacent to the San Andreas Fault. Inverness is spread out along 2 miles of the western shore and valleys of Tomales Bay on the Point Reyes Peninsula, it provides services to visitors to the Point Reyes National Seashore and Tomales Bay State Park. Other nearby towns include Point Reyes Station, Inverness Park and Marshall; this region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Inverness has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; however the site experiences an narrow range of temperatures, with July being only 4 °F warmer than January.
The warmest month is October, a pattern common in the San Francisco bay area due to the annual rollover in ocean currents. However note that the nearest NOAA-reporting weather station to Inverness is about 10 miles from downtown, at the Point Reyes Lighthouse, in an area with much more sea breeze exposure; the 2010 United States Census reported that Inverness had a population of 1,304. The population density was 190.8 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Inverness was 1,212 White, 15 African American, 8 Native American, 16 Asian, 2 Pacific Islander, 19 from other races, 32 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 79 persons; the Census reported. There were 697 households, out of which 90 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 300 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 33 had a female householder with no husband present, 14 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 48 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 9 same-sex married couples or partnerships.
278 households were made up of individuals and 109 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.87. There were 347 families; the population was spread out with 139 people under the age of 18, 35 people aged 18 to 24, 226 people aged 25 to 44, 553 people aged 45 to 64, 351 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 57.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males. There were 1,130 housing units at an average density of 165.3 per square mile, of which 451 were owner-occupied, 246 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%. 65.7% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34.3% lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,421 people, 707 households, 364 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 237.9 people per square mile 100.1/km²). There were 999 housing units at an average density of 167.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of th
Inverness Park, California
Inverness Park is a small unincorporated community in Marin County, California. It is located 1 mile west-southwest of Point Reyes Station, at an elevation of 148 feet. Inverness Park is located between the communities of Point Reyes Inverness; the community uses Point Reyes Station's post office. It stretches for the three or four miles from Limantour Road, north along Sir Francis Drake Boulevard, hugging the western edge of Tomales Bay, it is adjacent to the Point Reyes National Seashore. Development began in 1909. Original population included many Portuguese and Italian immigrants. At least two fish hatcheries existed in the area until about 50 years ago. A few isolated houses, Inverness Park expanded in the 1950s as a failed developer's pipe dream called Noren Estates. A more successful housing expansion in the steep hills called Paradise Ranch Estates more than doubled the population. A product of David Adams Real Estate, Paradise Ranch Estates sold parcels with views of the Pacific Ocean and Tomales Bay.
Paradise Ranch Estates was plagued by availability of water. As the Adams family moved out of ownership, residents assumed the task of road improvement and maintenance. After the floods of January 4, 1982, a municipal water supply was hooked up. In the fires of October 1995, forty-eight homes on the ridges of Paradise Ranch Estates burned, including that of singer Jesse Colin Young
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
California State Legislature
The California State Legislature is a bicameral legislature consisting of a lower house, the California State Assembly, with 80 members. Both houses of the Legislature convene at the California State Capitol in Sacramento; the California State Legislature is one of just ten full-time state legislatures in the United States. The Democratic Party holds supermajorities in both houses of the California State Legislature; the Assembly consists of 61 Democrats and 19 Republicans, while the Senate is composed of 28 Democrats and 10 Republicans, with two vacancies. Except for a brief period from 1995 to 1996, the Assembly has been in Democratic hands since the 1970 election; the Senate, has been under continuous Democratic control since 1970. New legislators convene each new two-year session, to organize, in the Assembly and Senate Chambers at noon on the first Monday in December following the election. After the organizational meeting, both houses are in recess until the first Monday in January, except when the first Monday is January 1 or January 1 is a Sunday, in which case they meet the following Wednesday.
Aside from the recess, the legislature is in session year-round. Since California was given official statehood by the U. S. in September 9, 1850 as part of the Compromise of 1850, the state capital was variously San Jose and Benicia, until Sacramento was selected in 1854. The first Californian State House was a hotel in San Jose owned by businessman Pierre "Don Pedro" Sainsevain and his associates; the State Legislature meets in the California State Capitol in Sacramento. Members of the Assembly serve two-year terms. All 80 Assembly seats are subject to election every two years. Members of the Senate serve four-year terms; every two years, one half of the Senate is subject to election, with odd-numbered districts up for election during presidential elections, even-numbered districts up for election during midterm elections. Term limits were established in 1990 following the passage of Proposition 140. In June 2012, voters approved Proposition 28, which limits legislators to a maximum of 12 years, without regard to whether they serve those years in the State Assembly or the State Senate.
Legislators first elected on or before June 5, 2012 are restricted by the previous term limits, approved in 1990, which limited legislators to three terms in the State Assembly and two terms in the State Senate. The proceedings of the California State Legislature are summarized in published journals, which show votes and who proposed or withdrew what. Reports produced by California executive agencies, as well as the Legislature, were published in the Appendices to the Journals from 1849 to 1970. Since the 1990s, the legislature has provided a live video feed for its sessions, has been broadcast statewide on the California Channel and local Public-access television cable TV. Due to the expense and the obvious political downside, California did not keep verbatim records of actual speeches made by members of the Assembly and Senate until the video feed began; as a result, reconstructing legislative intent outside of an act's preamble is difficult in California for legislation passed before the 1990s.
Since 1993, the Legislature has hosted a web/ftp site in another. The current Website contains the text of all statutes, all bills, the text of all versions of the bills, all the committee analyses of bills, all the votes on bills in committee or on the floor, veto messages from the Governor. Before committees published reports for significant bills, but most bills were not important enough to justify the expense of printing and distributing a report to archives and law libraries across the state. For bills lacking such a formal committee report, the only way to discover legislative intent is to access the state archives in Sacramento and manually review the files of relevant legislators, legislative committees, the Governor's Office from the relevant time period, in the hope of finding a statement of intent and evidence that the statement reflected the views of several of the legislators who voted for the bill; the most sought-after legislative committee appointments are to banking and insurance.
These are sometimes called "juice" committees, because membership in these committees aids the campaign fundraising efforts of the committee members, because powerful lobbying groups want to donate to members of these committees. A bill is a proposal to repeal, or add to existing state law. An Assembly Bill is one introduced in the Assembly. Bills are designated in the order of introduction in each house. For example, AB 16 refers to the 16th bill introduced in the Assembly; the numbering starts afresh each session. There may be one or more "extraordinary" sessions; the bill numbering starts again for each of these. For example, the third bill introduced in the Assembly for the second extraordinary session is ABX2 3; the name of the author, the legislator who introduced the bill, becomes part of the title of the bill. The legislative procedure, is divided into distinct stages: Drafting; the procedure begins when a Assembly Member decides to author a bill. A legislator sends the idea for the bill to the California Office of the Legislative Counsel, which drafts it into bill form and returns the draft to the legislator for introduction.
Introduction or First Reading. A legislator introduces a bill for the first time by reading or having read: the bill number, name of
West Marin is the largest rural region of Marin County, California. The West Marin Chamber of Commerce includes seven unincorporated communities in its definition of West Marin: Point Reyes Station, Stinson Beach, Tomales, Dillon Beach, Inverness. West Marin is considered to be west of Muir Beach and Nicasio on the Pacific Ocean side of Mount Tamalpais; the Point Reyes Light is a weekly newspaper covering West Marin, the website of the Marin Independent Journal has a category for West Marin news. Unlike the rest of the county, served by Golden Gate Transit, West Marin is only served by Marin Transit, which connects to Golden Gate Transit lines at Marin City and in the San Geronimo Valley, among other locations; the Environmental Action Committee of West Marin, active since the 1970s, focuses on environmental issues such as preserving open space and protecting vulnerable species. The Straus Family Creamery is just north of Marshall. West Marin official site West Marin Citizen homepage West Marin News
Jared William Huffman is an American politician, the U. S. Representative for California's 2nd congressional district since 2013, he is a member of the Democratic Party. From 2006 to 2012, Huffman was a member of the California State Assembly, representing the 6th district. Huffman chaired the Assembly Water, Parks & Wildlife Committee and chaired the Assembly Environmental Caucus, he was elected to Congress in November 2012 with more than 70% of the vote, defeating Republican candidate Dan Roberts. His congressional district covers the North Coast from the Golden Gate Bridge to the Oregon border. Huffman graduated from William Chrisman High School in 1982 and received his Bachelor of Arts in Political Science magna cum laude from University of California, Santa Barbara, where he was a member of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. At UCSB, Huffman was a three-time All-American volleyball player. Huffman was a member of the USA Volleyball Team in 1987 when the team was ranked #1 in the world and had won the World Championship.
He went on to graduate cum laude from Boston College Law School in 1990. Huffman became a consumer attorney specializing in public interest cases. Among his court victories was a case on behalf of the National Organization for Women, which required all California State University campuses to comply with Title IX. Huffman was a senior attorney for the Natural Resources Defense Council, he was a publicly elected director of the Marin Municipal Water District for twelve years, including three terms as board president. Huffman won the Democratic nomination for the 6th district in a hotly contested primary in June 2006 in which he surprised the political establishment with a victory over opponents Pamela Torliatt, a Petaluma city councilwoman, Cynthia Murray, a Marin County Supervisor, considered the frontrunner. Huffman defeated Assistant State Attorney General Damon Connelly, Marin County Democratic Chairman John Alden, sociologist Alex Easton-Brown. Huffman defeated Republican opponent Dr. Michael Hartnett by a more than 2:1 margin in the general election on November 7, 2006.
Huffman faced two opponents in the November 2008 general election: Republican Paul Lavery and Libertarian Timothy Hannan. He won with 70% of the vote and the 137,873 votes he received were among the most by any California Assembly candidate in 2008. In the Democratic primary, Huffman was unopposed and received 57,213 votes—the most of any California Assemblymember in that election. In the June 2010 California primary, Huffman defeated a fellow Democratic challenger Patrick Connally. Huffman faced Republican nominee Robert Stephens in the November 2010 general election, he won overwhelmingly with more than 70% of the vote—the highest winning margin of any candidate on the ballot in the North Bay that year. Due to California term limits, Huffman would have been unable to seek a fourth Assembly term in 2012. In his first four years as a legislator, Huffman authored and passed more than 40 pieces of legislation. In 2008, Huffman sponsored a bill, which he wrote with internet attorney Daniel Balsam that aimed to close what its proponents characterized as loopholes in the CAN-SPAM Act which made it more difficult to bring lawsuits against deceptive spammers.
Although the bill passed the State Assembly and Senate, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed the bill. On February 14, 2011, Jared Huffman cosponsored a bill with Paul Fong, California Assembly Bill 376, to make it illegal to possess, distribute, or sell shark fins, unless for research or commercial purposes. Upon his swearing-in on December 4, 2006, Assembly Speaker Fabian Núñez named Huffman the Chairman of the Committee on Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials. In August 2008, the new Assembly Speaker Karen Bass named Huffman to Chair the Water, Parks & Wildlife Committee. After 20-year Democratic incumbent Lynn Woolsey announced her retirement, Huffman entered the race to run for her seat in the 2nd District, renumbered from the 6th in redistricting. California's 2nd congressional district now covers six counties: Marin, Mendocino, Trinity and Del Norte. Huffman finished first in the top-two primary with 37% of the vote. In November, Huffman defeated Republican candidate Dan Roberts 71%–29%.
In his first re-election campaign in 2014, Huffman dominated the open primary, receiving 67.9% of the vote against 22.3% for second-place finisher Dale Mensing, a Republican. Huffman went on to defeat Mensing in the fall general election by 75 to 25%; the 2016 results were similar, with Huffman receiving 68.3% of the primary vote against 15.7% for Mensing, who again finished second, defeating Mensing in the general election by 76.5% to 23.5%. In the June 2018 open primary, Huffman received 72.5% of the vote. The two faced each other in the November 2018 runoff, where Huffman was re-elected with 77.0% of the vote. In April 2018, together with Jerry McNerney, Jamie Raskin, Dan Kildee, launched the Congressional Freethought Caucus, its stated goals include "pushing public policy formed on the basis of reason and moral values", promoting the "separation of church and state," opposing discrimination against "atheists, humanists, seekers and nonreligious persons", among others. Huffman and Raskin will act as co-chairs.
The following is a partial list of legislation introduced by Huffman. California Coastal National Monument Expansion Act of 2013 – a bill that "would expand the boundary of the California Coastal National Monument to include 1,255 acres of federal land known as the Point Arena-Stornetta public lands.