Peter Gurney was an author and campaigner for the rights and welfare of guinea pigs. He was associated with the Cambridge Cavy Trust, founded by Vedra Stanley-Spatcher. Starting in 1990, Gurney was a regular hospital visitor to Great Ormond Street Hospital with five of his guinea pigs; the children called him "The Guinea Pig Man". Born in Luton, Gurney attended Beech Hill Secondary Modern School, he was enlisted in the Royal Navy for his National Service, drove buses and lorries for a living upon his discharge. At the age of 48 he bought his first guinea pig. Early retirement after a serious accident which left Gurney unable to drive allowed him to devote his attention to guinea pig medicine. Veterinary training did not concentrate on small pets, Gurney found this sufficient spur to confront and complain about the self-regulation of the veterinary profession and highlight its lack of knowledge in the area. In 1992 Gurney wrote his first book, The Proper Care of Guinea Pigs, during recovery from kidney cancer.
During this period, Michael Bond, best known for his Paddington Bear books, met Gurney and encouraged him in his work and writing. In 1992 he was diagnosed with kidney cancer, during his initial recovery, wrote his first book, The Proper Care of Guinea Pigs, taking all the photographs himself. Gurney wrote a number of other books, including The Sex Life of the Guinea Pig, which he promoted on a tour of the United States; when Great Ormond St Hospital told him that guinea pigs were no longer welcome for health and safety reasons, Gurney complained "hat bunch of control freaks in government took this away from me."In 2006 he was advised that his cancer had returned and was incurable. He made arrangements to find new homes for his guinea pigs, 40 of whom survived him, before his death at age 68, his final book, Last of Their Kind, was released posthumously in April 2007. Gurney wrote several books on the health and welfare of guinea pigs, he toured the USA to promote The Sex Life of Guinea Pigs.
Gurney, Peter. Piggy Potions: Natural Remedies for Guinea Pigs. ISBN 1-85279-004-0. Gurney, Peter; the Sex Life of Guinea Pigs. ISBN 1-85279-133-0. Gurney, Peter; the Proper Care of Guinea Pigs. ISBN 0-7938-3151-2. Gurney, Peter. What's My Guinea Pig?. ISBN 1-85279-034-2. Gurney, Peter. Last of Their Kind. Diggory Press. ISBN 978-1-84685-657-0. Peter Gurney's official website, created by Gurney and dedicated to his memory Peter Gurney's Health pages, hosted by the Winking Cavy Store Cambridge Cavy Trust to create a memorial to Peter Gurney Pets as Therapy
Baron Munchausen is a fictional German nobleman created by the German writer Rudolf Erich Raspe in his 1785 book Baron Munchausen's Narrative of his Marvellous Travels and Campaigns in Russia. The character is loosely based on Hieronymus Karl Friedrich, Freiherr von Münchhausen. Born in Bodenwerder, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, the real-life Münchhausen fought for the Russian Empire in the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–1739. Upon retiring in 1760, he became a minor celebrity within German aristocratic circles for telling outrageous tall tales based on his military career. After hearing some of Münchhausen's stories, Raspe adapted them anonymously into literary form, first in German as ephemeral magazine pieces and in English as the 1785 book, first published in Oxford by a bookseller named Smith; the book was soon translated into other European languages, including a German version expanded by the poet Gottfried August Bürger. The real-life Münchhausen was upset at the development of a fictional character bearing his name, threatened legal proceedings against the book's publisher.
Fearing a libel suit, Raspe never acknowledged his authorship of the work, only established posthumously. The fictional Baron's exploits, narrated in the first person, focus on his impossible achievements as a sportsman and traveller, for instance riding on a cannonball, fighting a forty-foot crocodile, travelling to the Moon. Intentionally comedic, the stories play on the absurdity and inconsistency of Munchausen's claims, contain an undercurrent of social satire; the earliest illustrations of the character created by Raspe himself, depict Munchausen as slim and youthful, although illustrators have depicted him as an older man, have added the beaked nose and twirled moustache that have become part of the character's definitive visual representation. Raspe's book was a major international success, becoming the core text for numerous English, continental European, American editions that were expanded and rewritten by other writers; the book in its various revised forms remained read throughout the 19th century in editions for young readers.
Versions of the fictional Baron have appeared on stage, screen and television, as well as in other literary works. Though the Baron Munchausen stories are no longer well-known in many English-speaking countries, they are still popular in continental Europe; the character has inspired numerous memorials and museums, several medical conditions and other concepts are named after him, including Munchausen syndrome, the Münchhausen trilemma, Munchausen numbers. Hieronymus Karl Friedrich von Münchhausen was born on 11 May 1720 in Bodenwerder, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he was a younger son of the "Black Line" of Rinteln-Bodenwerder, an aristocratic family in the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. His cousin, Gerlach Adolph von Münchhausen, was the founder of the University of Göttingen and the Prime Minister of the Electorate of Hanover. Münchhausen started as a page to Anthony Ulrich II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, followed his employer to the Russian Empire during the Russo-Austro–Turkish War. In 1739, he was appointed a cornet in the Brunswick-Cuirassiers.
On 27 November 1740, he was promoted to lieutenant. He was stationed in Riga, but participated in two campaigns against the Turks in 1740 and 1741. In 1744 he married Jacobine von Dunten, in 1750 he was promoted to Rittmeister. In 1760 Münchhausen retired to live as a Freiherr at his estates in Bodenwerder, where he remained until his death in 1797, it was there at parties given for the area's aristocrats, that he developed a reputation as an imaginative after-dinner storyteller, creating witty and exaggerated accounts of his adventures in Russia. Over the ensuing thirty years, his storytelling abilities gained such renown that he received visits from travelling nobles wanting to hear his tales. One guest described Münchhausen as telling his stories "cavalierly, indeed with military emphasis, yet without any concession to the whimsicality of the man of the world. Rather than being considered a liar, Münchhausen was seen as an honest man; as another contemporary put it, Münchhausen's unbelievable narratives were designed not to deceive, but "to ridicule the disposition for the marvellous which he observed in some of his acquaintances".
Münchhausen's wife Jacobine von Dunten died in 1790. In January 1794, Münchhausen married fifty-seven years his junior. Von Brunn took ill soon after the marriage and spent the summer of 1794 in the spa town of Bad Pyrmont, although contemporary gossip claimed that she spent her time dancing and flirting. Von Brunn gave birth to a daughter, Maria Wilhemina, on 16 February 1795, nine months after her summer trip. Münchhausen filed an official complaint that the child was not his, spent the last years of his life in divorce proceedings and alimony litigation. Münchhausen died childless on 22 February 1797; the fictionalized character was created by a German writer and con artist, Rudolf Erich Raspe. Raspe met Hieronymus von Münchhausen while studying at the University of Göttingen, may have been invited to dine with him at the mansion at Bodenwerder. Raspe's career mixed writing and scientific scholarship with theft and swindling. In his native German language, Raspe wrote a collection of anecdotes inspired by Münchha
A tall tale is a story with unbelievable elements, related as if it were true and factual. Some stories such as these are exaggerations of actual events, for example fish stories such as, "That fish was so big, why I tell ya', it nearly sank the boat when I pulled it in!" Other tall tales are fictional tales set in a familiar setting, such as the European countryside, the American frontier, the Canadian Northwest, or the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Things are told in a way that makes the narrator seem to have been a part of the story, are good-natured; the line between legends and tall tales is distinguished by age. The tall tale is a fundamental element of American folk literature; the tall tale's origins are seen in the bragging contests that occurred when the rough men of the American frontier gathered. The tales of legendary figures of the Old West, some listed below, owe much to the style of tall tales; the semi-annual speech contests held by Toastmasters International public speaking clubs may include a Tall Tales contest.
Each and every participating speaker is given three to five minutes to give a short speech of a tall tale nature, is judged according to several factors. The winner proceeds to the next level of competition; the contest does not proceed beyond any participating district in the organization to the International level. The comic strip Non Sequitur sometimes features; some stories are told about exaggerated versions of actual historical individuals: Johnny Appleseed – A friendly folk hero who traveled the West planting apple trees because he felt his guardian angel told him to Johnny Blood – An American football player whose reputation for wild behavior was as well known as his on-field play Jim Bowie – A Kentuckian frontiersman, Texas Ranger, land speculator who fought for the Texan cause in the Battle of the Alamo. He is known for the Bowie knife. Daniel Boone – Blazed a trail across Cumberland Gap to found the first English-speaking colonies west of the Appalachian Mountains Aylett C. "Strap" Buckner – An Indian fighter of colonial Texas Davy Crockett – A pioneer and U.
S. Congressman from Tennessee who died at the Battle of the Alamo Mike Fink – The toughest boatman on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, a rival of Davy Crockett. Known as the King of the Mississippi River Keelboatmen Peter Francisco – American Revolutionary War hero. John Henry – A mighty steel-driving African American Calamity Jane – A tough Wild West woman Jigger Johnson, a lumberjack and log driver from Maine, known for his numerous off-the-job exploits, such as catching bobcats alive with his bare hands, drunken brawls Casey Jones – A brave and gritty railroad engineer Nat Love known as "Deadwood Dick", was born a slave in Tennessee in 1854. Tales of his adventures after emancipation, as a cowboy and as a Pullman porter, gained such fantastical elements as to be considered tall tales Sam Patch – An early 19th-century daredevil who died during a jump on Friday the 13th Molly Pitcher – A heroine of the American Revolutionary War Subjects of some American tall tales include legendary figures: Tony Beaver – A West Virginia lumberjack and cousin of Paul Bunyan Pecos Bill – legendary cowboy who "tamed the wild west" Paul Bunyan – huge lumberjack who eats 50 pancakes in one minute and dug the grand canyon with his axe Cordwood Pete – Younger brother to lumberjack Paul Bunyan Febold Feboldson – A Nebraska farmer who could fight a drought Johnny Kaw, a fictional Kansan whose mythological status itself was in one sense a figment, in that it was created in 1955.
Adherents of this assessment deem such stories fakelore Joe Magarac – A Pittsburgh steelworker made of steel Alfred Bulltop Stormalong – An immense sailor whose ship was so big it scraped the moon Similar storytelling traditions are present elsewhere. For instance: The Australian frontier inspired the types of tall tales that are found in American folklore; the Australian versions concern a mythical station called The Speewah. The heroes of the Speewah include: Rodney Ansell Big Bill – The dumbest man on the Speewah who made his living cutting up mining shafts and selling them for post holes Crooked Mick – A champion shearer who had colossal strength and quick wit. Another folk hero in Australian folklore is Charlie McKeahnie, the hero of Banjo Paterson's poem "The Man from Snowy River", whose bravery and risk-taking could epitomise the new Australian spirit; the Canadian frontier has inspired the types of tall tales that are found in American folklore, such as: French Canadian tales of Big Joe Mufferaw, a giant of a lumberjack and woodsman from the Ottawa Valley, loosely based on real-life lumberjack Joseph Montferrand Johnny Chinook, a Canadian cowboy and rancher Métis of the Canadian West's Alberta Ti-Jean, a giant 10-year-old French-Canadian lumberjack boy Sam McGee, the hero of Robert Service's poem "The Cremation of Sam McGee" Some European tall tales include: Toell the Great was one of the great tall tales of Estonia.
The Babin Republic, in Renaissance Poland was a satirical society dedicated to mocking people and telling tall tales Juho Nätti, known as Nätti-Jussi, was a Finnish lumberjack known for telling tall tales. The Life of Gargantua and of Pantagruel (16th
A hero or heroine is a real person or a main fictional character of a literary work who, in the face of danger, combats adversity through feats of ingenuity, bravery or strength. On the other hand are post-classical and modern heroes, who perform great deeds or selfless acts for the common good instead of the classical goal of wealth and fame; the antonym of a hero is a villain. The concept of the hero can be found in classical literature, it is the main or revered character in heroic epic poetry celebrated through ancient legends of a people striving for military conquest and living by a continually flawed personal honor code. The definition of a hero has changed throughout time. Merriam Webster dictionary defines a hero as "a person, admired for great or brave acts or fine qualities." Examples of heroes range from mythological figures, such as Gilgamesh and Iphigenia, to historical figures, such as Joan of Arc, Giuseppe Garibaldi or Sophie Scholl, modern heroes like Alvin York, Audie Murphy and Chuck Yeager, fictional superheroes, including Superman and Wonder Woman.
The word hero comes from the Greek ἥρως, "hero" one such as Heracles with divine ancestry or given divine honors. Before the decipherment of Linear B the original form of the word was assumed to be *ἥρωϝ-, hērōw-, but the Mycenaean compound ti-ri-se-ro-e demonstrates the absence of -w-. According to the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, the Proto-Indo-European root is *ser meaning "to protect". According to Eric Partridge in Origins, the Greek word Hērōs "is akin to" the Latin seruāre, meaning to safeguard. Partridge concludes, "The basic sense of both Hera and hero would therefore be'protector'." R. S. P. Beekes rejects an Indo-European derivation and asserts that the word has a Pre-Greek origin. A classical hero is considered to be a "warrior who lives and dies in the pursuit of honor" and asserts their greatness by "the brilliancy and efficiency with which they kill"; each classical hero's life focuses on fighting, which occurs during an epic quest. Classical heroes are semi-divine and extraordinarily gifted, like Achilles, evolving into heroic characters through their perilous circumstances.
While these heroes are resourceful and skilled, they are foolhardy, court disaster, risk their followers' lives for trivial matters, behave arrogantly in a childlike manner. During classical times, people regarded heroes with the highest esteem and utmost importance, explaining their prominence within epic literature; the appearance of these mortal figures marks a revolution of audiences and writers turning away from immortal gods to mortal mankind, whose heroic moments of glory survive in the memory of their descendants, extending their legacy. Hector was a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War, known through Homer's The Iliad. Hector acted as leader of the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, "killing 31,000 Greek fighters," offers Hyginus. Hector was known not only for his courage but for his noble and courtly nature. Indeed, Homer places Hector as peace-loving, thoughtful as well as bold, a good son and father, without darker motives. However, his familial values conflict with his heroic aspirations in The Iliad, as he cannot be both the protector of Troy and a father to his child.
Hector is betrayed by the gods when Athena appears disguised as his ally Deiphobus and convinces him to take on Achilles, leading to his death at the hands of a superior warrior. Achilles was a Greek Hero, considered the most formidable military fighter in the entire Trojan War and the central character of The Iliad, he was the child of Peleus, making him a demi-god. He wielded superhuman strength on the battlefield and was blessed with a close relationship to the Gods. Achilles famously refuses to fight after his dishonoring at the hands of Agamemnon, only returns to the war due to unadulterated rage after Hector kills his close friend Patroclus. Achilles was known for uncontrollable rage that defined many of his bloodthirsty actions, such as defiling Hector's corpse by dragging it around the city of Troy. Achilles plays a tragic role in The Iliad brought about by constant de-humanization throughout the epic, having his menis overpower his philos. Heroes in myth had close but conflicted relationships with the gods.
Thus Heracles's name means "the glory of Hera" though he was tormented all his life by Hera, the Queen of the Gods. The most striking example is the Athenian king Erechtheus, whom Poseidon killed for choosing Athena over him as the city's patron god; when the Athenians worshiped Erechtheus on the Acropolis, they invoked him as Poseidon Erechtheus. Fate, or destiny, plays a massive role in the stories of classical heroes; the classical hero's heroic significance stems from battlefield conquests, an inherently dangerous action. The gods in Greek Mythology, when interacting with the heroes foreshadow the hero's eventual death on the battlefield. Countless heroes and gods go to great lengths to alter their pre-destined fate, but with no success, as no immortal can change their prescribed outcomes by the three Fates; the most prominent example of this is found in Oedipus Rex. After learning that his son, will end up killing him, the King of Thebes, takes huge steps to assure his son's death by removing him from the kingdom.
But, Oedipus slays his father without an afterthought when he unknowingly encounters him in a dispute on the road many years
Paddington Bear is a fictional character in children's literature. He first appeared on 13 October 1958 in the children's book A Bear Called Paddington and has been featured in more than twenty books written by British author Michael Bond and illustrated by Peggy Fortnum and other artists; the friendly bear from Peru—with his old hat, battered suitcase, duffel coat and love of marmalade—has become a classic character from English children's literature. Paddington books have been translated into 30 languages across 70 titles and sold more than 30 million copies worldwide. A much loved fictional character in British culture, a Paddington Bear soft toy was chosen by British tunnellers as the first item to pass through to their French counterparts when the two sides of the Channel Tunnel were linked in 1994. Paddington is an anthropomorphised bear, he is always polite – addressing people as "Mr", "Mrs" and "Miss" by first names – and kindhearted, though he inflicts hard stares on those who incur his disapproval.
He has an endless capacity for innocently getting into trouble, but he is known to "try so hard to get things right." He was discovered in Paddington Station, London, by the Brown family who adopted him, thus he gives his full name as "Paddington Brown". As of June 2016, the Paddington Bear franchise is now owned by Vivendi's StudioCanal. Bond, continued to own the publishing rights to his series, which were licensed to HarperCollins in April 2017 for the next six years. Michael Bond based Paddington Bear on a lone teddy bear he noticed on a shelf in a London store near Paddington Station on Christmas Eve 1956, which he bought as a present for his wife; the bear inspired Bond to write a story. The book was given to Harvey Unna. A Bear Called Paddington was first published on 13 October 1958 by William Sons; the first Paddington Bear stuffed toy to be manufactured was created in 1972 by Gabrielle Designs, a small business run by Shirley and Eddie Clarkson, with the prototype made as a Christmas present for their children Joanna and Jeremy Clarkson.
Shirley Clarkson dressed the stuffed bear in Wellington boots to help it stand upright. The earliest bears wore small children's boots manufactured by Dunlop Rubber until production could not meet demand. Gabrielle Designs produced their own boots with paw prints moulded into the soles. Shirley Clarkson's book describes the evolution of the toy Paddington from Christmas gift to subject of litigation and commercial success. In the first story, Paddington is found at Paddington railway station in London by the Brown family, sitting on his suitcase with a note attached to his coat that reads "Please look after this bear. Thank you." Bond has said that his memories of newsreels showing trainloads of child evacuees leaving London during World War II, with labels around their necks and their possessions in small suitcases, prompted him to do the same for Paddington. Paddington arrives as a stowaway coming from "Darkest Peru", sent by his Aunt Lucy, who has gone to live in the Home for Retired Bears in Lima.
He claims, "I came all the way in a lifeboat, ate marmalade. Bears like marmalade." He tells them that no-one can understand his Peruvian name, so the Browns decide to call him Paddington after the railway station in which he was found. Paddington's Peruvian name is revealed to be "Pastuso". Bond wanted Paddington to have "travelled all the way from darkest Africa", but his agent advised him that there were no bears in Africa, thus it was amended to Peru, home of the spectacled bear, they take him home to 32 Windsor Gardens near Notting Hill. While there is a real Windsor Gardens off Harrow Road between Notting Hill and Maida Vale the Windsor Gardens in the book is fictitious and does not resemble the real road. Paddington frequents the nearby Portobello Road market, where he is respected by the shopkeepers for driving a hard bargain; when he gets annoyed with someone, he gives them one of his special "hard stares", which causes them to become flushed and embarrassed. Paddington's adventures arise from him misunderstanding something and trying to right unfair or unjust situations.
This ends with him messing things up in some way. But in all his adventures, he ends up on everyone involved can laugh about it; the stories follow Paddington's adventures and mishaps in England, along with some snippets of information about his past. For instance, in one story, we learn that Paddington was orphaned in an earthquake, before being taken in and raised by his Aunt Lucy. There is a recurring cast of characters, all of whom are in some way entangled in Paddington's misadventures; these include: Paddington Bear: A friendly and polite bear from Darkest Peru. Paddington was taken in by Aunt Lucy and Uncle Pastuzo after his parents died in an earthquake when he was young. Paddington moves with the Browns. Paddington is in some sort of trouble. Paddington's given name is hard to pronounce. Mrs Brown names him after
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as The Manchester Guardian, changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, the Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, owned by the Scott Trust; the trust was created in 1936 to "secure the financial and editorial independence of the Guardian in perpetuity and to safeguard the journalistic freedom and liberal values of the Guardian free from commercial or political interference". The trust was converted into a limited company in 2008, with a constitution written so as to maintain for The Guardian the same protections as were built into the structure of the Scott Trust by its creators. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than distributed to shareholders; the current editor is Katharine Viner: she succeeded Alan Rusbridger in 2015. Since 2018, the paper's main newsprint sections have been published in tabloid format; as of November that year, its print edition had a daily circulation of 136,834.
The newspaper has an online edition, TheGuardian.com, as well as two international websites, Guardian Australia and Guardian US. The paper's readership is on the mainstream left of British political opinion, its reputation as a platform for liberal and left-wing editorial has led to the use of the "Guardian reader" and "Guardianista" as often-pejorative epithets for those of left-leaning or "politically correct" tendencies. Frequent typographical errors in the paper led Private Eye magazine to dub it the "Grauniad" in the 1960s, a nickname still used today. In an Ipsos MORI research poll in September 2018 designed to interrogate the public's trust of specific titles online, The Guardian scored highest for digital-content news, with 84% of readers agreeing that they "trust what see in it". A December 2018 report of a poll by the Publishers Audience Measurement Company stated that the paper's print edition was found to be the most trusted in the UK in the period from October 2017 to September 2018.
It was reported to be the most-read of the UK's "quality newsbrands", including digital editions. While The Guardian's print circulation is in decline, the report indicated that news from The Guardian, including that reported online, reaches more than 23 million UK adults each month. Chief among the notable "scoops" obtained by the paper was the 2011 News International phone-hacking scandal—and in particular the hacking of the murdered English teenager Milly Dowler's phone; the investigation led to the closure of the News of the World, the UK's best-selling Sunday newspaper and one of the highest-circulation newspapers in history. In June 2013, The Guardian broke news of the secret collection by the Obama administration of Verizon telephone records, subsequently revealed the existence of the surveillance program PRISM after knowledge of it was leaked to the paper by the whistleblower and former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. In 2016, The Guardian led an investigation into the Panama Papers, exposing then-Prime Minister David Cameron's links to offshore bank accounts.
It has been named "newspaper of the year" four times at the annual British Press Awards: most in 2014, for its reporting on government surveillance. The Manchester Guardian was founded in Manchester in 1821 by cotton merchant John Edward Taylor with backing from the Little Circle, a group of non-conformist businessmen, they launched their paper after the police closure of the more radical Manchester Observer, a paper that had championed the cause of the Peterloo Massacre protesters. Taylor had been hostile to the radical reformers, writing: "They have appealed not to the reason but the passions and the suffering of their abused and credulous fellow-countrymen, from whose ill-requited industry they extort for themselves the means of a plentiful and comfortable existence, they do not toil, neither do they spin, but they live better than those that do." When the government closed down the Manchester Observer, the mill-owners' champions had the upper hand. The influential journalist Jeremiah Garnett joined Taylor during the establishment of the paper, all of the Little Circle wrote articles for the new paper.
The prospectus announcing the new publication proclaimed that it would "zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious Liberty warmly advocate the cause of Reform endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of Political Economy and support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, all serviceable measures". In 1825 the paper merged with the British Volunteer and was known as The Manchester Guardian and British Volunteer until 1828; the working-class Manchester and Salford Advertiser called the Manchester Guardian "the foul prostitute and dirty parasite of the worst portion of the mill-owners". The Manchester Guardian was hostile to labour's claims. Of the 1832 Ten Hours Bill, the paper doubted whether in view of the foreign competition "the passing of a law positively enacting a gradual destruction of the cotton manufacture in this kingdom would be a much less rational procedure." The Manchester Guardian dismissed strikes as the work of outside agitators: " if an accommodation can be effected, the occupation of the agents of the Union is gone.
They live on strife "The Manchester Guardian was critical of US President Abraham Lincoln's conduct during the US Civil War, writing on the news that Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated: "Of his rule, we can never speak except as a series of acts abhorrent to every true notion of constitutional right and human liberty " C. P. Scott ma
Thomas Michael Bond was a British author. He is best known for a series of fictional stories for children, featuring the character of Paddington Bear. More than 35 million Paddington books have been sold around the world, the characters have been featured in film and on television, his first book was published in his last in 2017, a span of 59 years. Thomas Michael Bond was born on 13 January 1926 in Berkshire, he was raised in Reading, where his visits to Reading railway station to watch the Cornish Riviera Express pass through started a love of trains. His father was a manager for the post office, he was educated at Presentation College in Reading. His time there was unhappy, he told The Guardian in November 2014 that his parents had chosen the school "for the simple reason mother liked the colour of the blazers... she didn't make many mistakes in life but, one of them". He left education aged 14, despite his parents' wishes for him to go to university. World War II was under way and he went to work in a solicitor's office for a year and as an engineer's assistant for the BBC.
On 10 February 1943, Bond survived an air raid in Reading. The building in which he was working collapsed under him, injuring many more. Shortly afterwards he volunteered for aircrew service in the Royal Air Force as a 17-year-old but he was discharged after suffering from acute air sickness, he served in the Middlesex Regiment of the British Army until 1947. Bond began writing in 1945 while stationed with the army in Cairo, sold his first short story to the magazine London Opinion, he was paid seven guineas, thought he "wouldn't mind being a writer". In 1958, after producing several plays and short stories and while working as a BBC television cameraman, his first book, A Bear Called Paddington, was published; this was the start of Bond's series of books recounting the tales of Paddington Bear, a bear from "darkest Peru", whose Aunt Lucy sends him to the United Kingdom, carrying a jar of marmalade. In the first book the Brown family find the bear at Paddington Station, adopt him, naming the bear after the station.
By 1965, Bond was able to give up his BBC job to work full-time as a writer. Paddington's adventures have sold over 35 million books, have been published in nearly twenty countries, in over forty languages, have inspired pop bands, race horses, hot air balloons, a movie and television series. Bond stated in December 2007 that he did not plan to continue the adventures of Paddington Bear in further volumes. However, in April 2014 it was reported that a new book, entitled Love From Paddington, would be published that autumn. In a film, based on the books, Bond had a credited cameo as the Kindly Gentleman. Bond wrote another series of children's books, the adventures of a guinea pig named Olga da Polga, named after the Bond family's pet, as well as the animated BBC television series The Herbs. Bond wrote culinary mystery stories for adults, featuring Monsieur Pamplemousse and his faithful bloodhound, Pommes Frites. Bond wrote a Reflection on the Passing of the Years shortly after his 90th birthday.
The piece was read by David Attenborough, who turned 90 in 2016, at the national service of thanksgiving to commemorate Queen Elizabeth II's 90th birthday at St Paul's Cathedral in June 2016. On 20 June 2016, StudioCanal acquired the Paddington franchise outright. Bond was allowed to keep the publishing rights to his series, which he licensed in April 2017 to HarperCollins for the next six years. Bond wrote two short films for the BBC: Simon's Good Deed, shown on 11 October 1955, Napoleon's Day Out, shown on 9 April 1957, he wrote one episode of the series The World Our Stage, an adaptation of the short story "The Decoration" by Guy de Maupassant, which aired on 4 January 1958. His best known television work is as the creator and writer of the children's television series The Herbs and The Adventures of Parsley, again for the BBC. For services to children's literature, Bond was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 1997 Birthday Honours and Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2015 Birthday Honours.
On 6 July 2007 the University of Reading awarded him an Honorary Doctor of Letters. On 10 January 2018, GWR named one of their Class 800 trains "Michael Bond"/"Paddington Bear". Bond was married twice -- from whom he separated in the 1970s, he had two children. He lived in London, not far from Paddington Station, the place. Bond died in London on 27 June 2017, at the age of 91. No cause was given; the film Paddington 2 was dedicated to his memory. 1958 A Bear Called Paddington. London: Collins. 1959 More About Paddington. London: Collins. 1960 Paddington Helps Out. London: Collins. 1961 Paddington Abroad. London: Collins. 1962 Paddington at Large. London: Collins. 1964 Paddington Marches On. London: Collins. 1966 Paddington at Work. London: Collins. 1968 Paddington Goes to Town. London: Collins. 1970 Paddington Takes the Air. London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-675379-5 1972 Paddington's Garden. London: Collins. ISBN 0-394-82643-4 1973 Paddington's Blue Peter Story Book. London: Collins. ISBN 0-563-12356-7 1974 Paddington on Top.
London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-675377-9 1975 Paddington at the Tower. London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-734141-5 1979 Paddington Takes the Test. London: Collins. ISBN 0-06-231240-5 1980 Paddington on Screen. London: Collins. ISBN 0-440-40029-5 1984 Paddington at the Zoo. London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-664744-8 1986 Paddington at the Palace. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0-00-710440-5 19