Bonita is a census-designated place in southern San Diego County, nestled between the cities of Chula Vista, National City, San Diego. The population was 12,538 at the 2010 census. Bonita is located at 32°39′30″N 117°02′07″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, Bonita has a total area of 5.1 square miles. 5.0 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. While Bonita is politically designated as an unincorporated community, bounded by the incorporated cities of Chula Vista, San Diego and National City, it is associated with the geography of the Lower Sweetwater Valley, thus considered, Bonita occupies about a five-mile stretch of the Sweetwater River, its valley, surrounding hills on either side, bounded upstream by the Sweetwater Reservoir, downstream by Interstate 805. The community crosses west of I-805—an area less than 160 acres —reaching as far south and west as East H Street and Hilltop Drive, its northern boundary is State Route 54 and its southern extent reaches one mile south of the river.
Large portions of modern Bonita consist of housing tracts built throughout the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, including: Bonita Verde Estates Bonita Downs Bonita Fairways Bonita Glen Bonita Highlands Bonita Long Canyon Bonita Woods Bonita Woods Park Emerald Ranch Lynwood Hills Ames Ranch Villas de BonitaThe Bonita area is populated by coyote, fox, squirrels, bobcats and skunk, among other wildlife. The word Bonita is a feminine word for "beautiful" in the Spanish language, it was the name of a ranch owned by Henry Ernest Cooper, Sr. in 1884, was used by the nearby post office. The ranch itself was used to cultivate lemons, which were first grown in the area beginning in 1871. During the early years lemon industry was thriving, where it became the originator of the Bonnie Brae Lemon variety, named after the first lemon ranch in the community. In 1888, the Sweetwater Dam was built, creating the Sweetwater Reservoir and forever changing the geography of the region. Soon after, in 1906, the dam broke as a result of extensive rains which overfilled the reservoir, the Lower Sweetwater Valley was flooded.
Bonita has experienced minor flooding throughout history as a result of high seasonal rains attributed to El Niño. The floods most affect the Central Avenue river crossing, as no bridge has been built, unlike the Bonita Road and Willow Road crossings which are bridges, the former of, rebuilt in the late 1990s. In the 1990s and 2000s, the development of State Route 125 became a major issue to Bonita residents, much as Interstate 805 and State Route 54 did during their development. Opponents argued that Bonita's rural nature would be compromised without benefit while proponents argued that the highway would reduce the significant increase in surface-street car traffic the community had seen since the 1980s when the eastern Chula Vista communities surrounding Eastlake were developed; the tollway opened in November 2007, sought Chapter 11 bankruptcy on March 22, 2010 when the cost of litigation over construction of the road threatened to overwhelm its ability to operate and pay off its loans. On April 14, 2011, South Bay Expressway LP emerged from bankruptcy and in a closed session on July 29, 2011, the SANDAG board of directors voted to purchase the lease to operate the state Route 125 toll road for $345 million.
In 2007, Glen Abbey Memorial Park was declared a historic district, having been designed by architects who worked on Balboa Park, other landscapes and architectures that are significant to the history of San Diego. It is one of only three historic districts in unincorporated San Diego County; the Bonita Historical Museum is the principal repository of historical information for the Lower Sweetwater Valley. The climate in Bonita is a combination of the coastal and inland valley climates of San Diego County: warmer than areas directly adjacent to San Diego Bay or the coast, but not as hot as communities in inland valleys such as El Cajon, or nearby Spring Valley. In summer, Bonita's climate is pleasant. In the San Diego County Board of Supervisors, Bonita is in District 1, represented by Greg Cox. In the California State Senate, Bonita is in California's 40th State Senate district. In the California State Assembly, Bonita is split between the 79th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Shirley Weber, the 80th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Lorena Gonzalez.
In the United States House of Representatives, Bonita is in California's 53rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Susan Davis. The following districts serve the local Bonita community: Ella B. Allen Elementary School Sunnyside Elementary School Tiffany Elementary School Valley Vista Elementary School Bonita Vista Middle School Bonita Vista High School Southwestern College Bonita is considered a rural and equestrian enclave in the middle of suburbia. To visitors and residents alike, one of the most visible features of Bonita recreational life is the walking trail which loops the Chula Vista Municipal Golf Course in central Bonita. Hundreds of residents walk and ride this trail every day for pleasure and fitness, the trail has become a vital component of Bonita life for many residents. During El Nino years, this golf course and surrounding walking trails have flooded, closing the golf course and preventing many residents from using the walking trails. In the late 1990s the Sweetwater Regional Park was expanded and improved, extending the walking and equestrian trails to an gre
Alpine is a census-designated place in the Cuyamaca Mountains of San Diego County, California. Alpine had a population of 14,236 at the 2010 census, up from 13,143 at the 2000 census; the town is surrounded by the Cleveland National Forest and borders two reservations of the Kumeyaay Nation and Sycuan, the rural unincorporated areas of the city of El Cajon. The community's name was suggested by a resident in the 1880s who said that the environment reminded her of her native country of Switzerland; the small commercial district along Alpine Blvd. has seen some suburban development in recent decades, it is surrounded by large stretches of less densely populated rural areas that began in the late 19th and early 20th century. Horse ranches and small farms are still common, along with open chaparral hillsides and riparian canyons. Before its modern settlement, the area was part of the home of the Kumeyaay Indians, whose ancestors had lived here as long as 12,000 years, it sits on both sides of Interstate 8 at the eastern extent of the California coastal region and the western extent of the Peninsular Ranges, about 30 miles from downtown San Diego, at an altitude of about 2,000 feet.
The location of Alpine is not defined since it is an unincorporated area. According to the United States Geological Survey, it is at 32°50′6″N 116°45′59″W, near the intersection of Alpine Boulevard and Tavern Road; that is where most maps place Alpine. Kumeyaay tribes are indigenous to the area, the Ewiiaapaayp Band and Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians both have headquarters in Alpine. According to the United States Census Bureau, it is at 32°50′4″N 116°46′14″W; that is 1,200 feet west of the USGS location. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 26.8 square miles, 99.99% land and 0.01% water. Viejas Mountain is the highest peak in the area, at 4,189 feet. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Alpine has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps. Summers are warm and dry, winters are cool with moderate precipitation. Temperatures are more extreme than coastal San Diego, similar to nearby El Cajon and Ramona, less extreme than the nearby mountain and desert regions, such as Julian.
Rainfall averages less than 15 inches per year, falling from November to March, with numerous microclimates and annual variation. Rainfall amounts can vary from month to month, or from year to year. Average January temperatures range from the low 60s in the day to the low 40s at night. Average July temperatures range from upper 80s to the low 90s in the day to the low 60s at night. Highs of over 105 in the summer and lows of under 35 in the winter are occasional in the northern section of Alpine, on the slopes of Viejas Mountain. Snowfall is rare within the town of Alpine, with trace amounts falling once out of every 2 to 3 winters. However, light snow falls each winter on elevations above 3,000 feet; the 2010 United States Census reported that Alpine had a population of 14,236. The population density was 531.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Alpine was 12,424 White, 167 African American, 222 Native American, 319 Asian, 39 Pacific Islander, 576 from other races, 489 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,081 persons. The Census reported that 14,098 people lived in households, 136 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 2 were institutionalized. There were 5,248 households, out of which 1,932 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,120 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 515 had a female householder with no husband present, 268 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 283 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 39 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,048 households were made up of individuals and 433 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69. There were 3,903 families; the population was spread out with 3,403 people under the age of 18, 1,164 people aged 18 to 24, 3,133 people aged 25 to 44, 4,583 people aged 45 to 64, 1,953 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.
There were 5,536 housing units at an average density of 206.7 per square mile, of which 3,597 were owner-occupied, 1,651 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%. 9,935 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,163 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,143 people, 4,775 households, 3,652 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 489.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,958 housing units at an average density of 184.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.8% White, 0.8% African American, 1.2% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. 10.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,775 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.5% were non-families. 17.3% of all
Del Mar, California
Del Mar is a beach city in San Diego County, California. Del Mar is Spanish for "of the sea" or "by the sea," which reflects its location on the coast of the Pacific Ocean; the Del Mar Horse Races are hosted on the Del Mar racetrack every summer. In 1885, Colonel Jacob Taylor purchased 338 acres from Enoch Talbert, with visions of building a seaside resort for the rich and famous; the United States Navy operated a Naval Auxiliary Air Facility for blimps at Del Mar during World War II. The population was estimated at 4,311 in 2014, up from 4,161 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles. 1.7 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. At the southern edge of Del Mar is the Los Peñasquitos Lagoon. Del Mar's climate is considered mediterranean-subtropical with warm, dry summers and mild, humid winters. Temperatures exceed 85 °F only on a few occasions throughout the year and drop below 41 °F; the average yearly temperature in Del Mar is 65 °F. Del Mar is one of few locations in which the Torrey Pine tree grows.
The Torrey Pine is the rarest pine in the United States and only two populations of this endangered species exist. The Soledad Valley at the south of Del Mar severs two colony segments of the Pinus torreyana; the 2010 United States Census reported that Del Mar had a population of 4,161. The population density was 2,341.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Del Mar was 3,912 White, 10 African American, eight Native American, 118 Asian, three Pacific Islander, 25 from other races, 85 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 175 people; the Census reported that 4,161 people lived in households, zero lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, zero were institutionalized. There were 2,064 households, out of which 340 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 927 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 114 had a female householder with no husband present, 57 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 124 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 19 same-sex married couples or partnerships.
Seven hundred seven households were made up of individuals and 209 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02. There were 1,098 families; the population was spread out with 564 people under the age of 18, 205 people aged 18 to 24, 1,071 people aged 25 to 44, 1,455 people aged 45 to 64, 866 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males. There were 2,596 housing units at an average density of 1,461.1 per square mile, of which 1,113 were owner-occupied, 951 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%. Of the population, 2,398 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,763 people lived in rental housing units; as of the 2000 census, there were 4,389 people, 2,178 households, 1,083 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,559.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,557 housing units at an average density of 1,491.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population. There were 2,178 households out of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 50.3% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.61. In the city, the population was spread out with 13.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 33.8% from 45 to 64, 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $120,001, the median income for a family was $130,270.
Males had a median income of $81,250 versus $70,069 for females. The per capita income for the city was $92,425. About 7.8% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Del Mar in 2005 was $169,348; when adjusted for inflation, the median household income was $100,982. The City of Del Mar is governed by a city council of five elected representatives; each year a new mayor is chosen from among the councilmembers. In the California State Legislature, Del Mar is in the 39th Senate District, represented by Democrat Toni Atkins, in the 78th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Todd Gloria. In the United States House of Representatives, Del Mar is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Levin. Del Mar has the highest property crime rate amongst cities in San Diego County Del Mar is served by the Del Mar Union Sch
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
Light pollution known as photopollution, is the presence of anthropogenic light in the night environment. It is exacerbated by excessive, misdirected or obtrusive uses of light, but carefully used light fundamentally alters natural conditions; as a major side-effect of urbanization, it is blamed for compromising health, disrupting ecosystems and spoiling aesthetic environments. Light pollution is the adding-of/added light itself, in analogy to carbon dioxide, etc.. Adverse consequences are multiple. Scientific definitions thus include the following: The degradation of photic habitat by artificial light; the alteration of natural light levels in the outdoor environment owing to artificial light sources. The alteration of light levels in the outdoor environment due to man-made sources of light. Indoor light pollution is such alteration of light levels in the indoor environment due to sources of light, which compromises human health; the introduction by humans, directly or indirectly, of artificial light into the environment.
The first three of the above four scientific definitions describe the state of the environment. The fourth one describes the process of polluting by light. Light pollution competes with starlight in the night sky for urban residents, interferes with astronomical observatories, like any other form of pollution, disrupts ecosystems and has adverse health effects. Light pollution is a side-effect of industrial civilization, its sources include building exterior and interior lighting, outdoor area lighting, factories and illuminated sporting venues. It is most severe in industrialized, densely populated areas of North America and Japan and in major cities in the Middle East and North Africa like Tehran and Cairo, but relatively small amounts of light can be noticed and create problems. Awareness of the deleterious effects of light pollution began early in the 20th Century, but efforts to address effects did not begin until the 1950s. In the 1980s a global dark-sky movement emerged with the founding of the International Dark-Sky Association.
There are now such educational and advocacy organizations in many countries worldwide. Energy conservation advocates contend that light pollution must be addressed by changing the habits of society, so that lighting is used more efficiently, with less waste and less creation of unwanted or unneeded illumination. Several industry groups recognize light pollution as an important issue. For example, the Institution of Lighting Engineers in the United Kingdom provides its members with information about light pollution, the problems it causes, how to reduce its impact. Although, recent research point that the energy efficiency is not enough to reduce the light pollution because of the rebound effect. Since not everyone is irritated by the same lighting sources, it is common for one person's light "pollution" to be light, desirable for another. One example of this is found in advertising, when an advertiser wishes for particular lights to be bright and visible though others find them annoying. Other types of light pollution are more certain.
For instance, light that accidentally crosses a property boundary and annoys a neighbor is wasted and pollutive light. Disputes are still common. Where objective measurement is desired, light levels can be quantified by field measurement or mathematical modeling, with results displayed as an isophote map or light contour map. Authorities have taken a variety of measures for dealing with light pollution, depending on the interests and understandings of the society involved. Measures range from doing nothing at all, to implementing strict laws and regulations about how lights may be installed and used. Light pollution is caused by unnecessary use of artificial light. Specific categories of light pollution include light trespass, over-illumination, light clutter, skyglow. A single offending light source falls into more than one of these categories. Light trespass occurs when unwanted light enters one's property, for instance, by shining over a neighbor's fence. A common light trespass problem occurs when a strong light enters the window of one's home from the outside, causing problems such as sleep deprivation.
A number of cities in the U. S. have developed standards for outdoor lighting to protect the rights of their citizens against light trespass. To assist them, the International Dark-Sky Association has developed a set of model lighting ordinances; the Dark-Sky Association was started to reduce the light going up into the sky which reduces visibility of stars. This is any light, emitted more than 90° above nadir. By limiting light at this 90° mark they have reduced the light output in the 80–90° range which creates most of the light trespass issues. U. S. federal agencies may enforce standards and process complaints within their areas of jurisdiction. For instance, in the case of light trespass by white strobe lighting from communication towers in excess of FAA minimum lighting requirements the Federal Communications Commission maintains an Antenna Structure Registration database information which citizens may use to identify offending structures and provides a mechanism for processing citizen inquiries and complaints.
The U. S. Green Building Council has incorporated a credit for reducing the amount of light trespass and sky glow into the
Equestrianism, more known as horse riding or horseback riding, refers to the skill and sport of riding, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses. This broad description includes the use of horses for practical working purposes, recreational activities, artistic or cultural exercises, competitive sport. Horses are trained and ridden for practical working purposes, such as in police work or for controlling herd animals on a ranch, they are used in competitive sports including, but not limited to, endurance riding, reining, show jumping, tent pegging, polo, horse racing and rodeo. Some popular forms of competition are grouped together at horse shows where horses perform in a wide variety of disciplines. Horses are used for non-competitive recreational riding such as fox hunting, trail riding, or hacking. There is public access to horse trails in every part of the world. Horses are used for therapeutic purposes both in specialized para-equestrian competition as well as non-competitive riding to improve human health and emotional development.
Horses are driven in harness racing, at horse shows, in other types of exhibition such as historical reenactment or ceremony pulling carriages. In some parts of the world, they are still used for practical purposes such as farming. Horses continue to be used in public service: in traditional ceremonies and volunteer mounted patrols and for mounted search and rescue. Riding halls enable the training of horse and rider in all weathers as well as indoor competition riding. Though there is controversy over the exact date horses were domesticated and when they were first ridden, the best estimate is that horses first were ridden 3500 BC. Indirect evidence suggests. There is some evidence that about 3,000 BC, near the Dnieper River and the Don River, people were using bits on horses, as a stallion, buried there shows teeth wear consistent with using a bit. However, the most unequivocal early archaeological evidence of equines put to working use was of horses being driven. Chariot burials about 2500 BC present the most direct hard evidence of horses used as working animals.
In ancient times chariot warfare was followed by the use of war horses as heavy cavalry. The horse played an important role throughout human history all over the world, both in warfare and in peaceful pursuits such as transportation and agriculture. Horses died out at the end of the Ice Age. Horses were brought back to North America by European explorers, beginning with the second voyage of Columbus in 1493. Equestrianism was introduced in the 1900 Summer Olympics as an Olympic sport with jumping events. Humans appear to have long expressed a desire to know which horse or horses were the fastest, horse racing has ancient roots. Gambling on horse races appears to go hand-in hand with racing and has a long history as well. Thoroughbreds have the pre-eminent reputation as a racing breed, but other breeds race. Under saddle Thoroughbred horse racing is the most popular form worldwide. In the UK, it is governed by the Jockey Club in the United Kingdom. In the USA, horse racing is governed by The Jockey Club.
Steeplechasing involves racing on a track where the horses jump over obstacles. It is most common in the UK, where it is called National Hunt racing. American Quarter Horse racing—races over distances of a quarter-mile. Seen in the United States, sanctioned by the American Quarter Horse Association. Arabian horses, Akhal-Teke, American Paint Horses and other light breeds are raced worldwide. Endurance riding, a sport in which the Arabian horse dominates at the top levels, has become popular in the United States and in Europe; the Federation Equestre International governs international races, the American Endurance Ride Conference organizes the sport in North America. Endurance races take place over a given, measured distance and the horses have an start. Races are 50 to 100 miles, over mountainous or other natural terrain, with scheduled stops to take the horses' vital signs, check soundness and verify that the horse is fit to continue; the first horse to finish and be confirmed by the veterinarian as fit to continue is the winner.
Additional awards are given to the best-conditioned horses who finish in the top 10. Limited distance rides of about 25–20 miles are offered to newcomers. Ride and Tie. Ride and Tie involves three equal partners: one horse; the humans alternately ride. Show jumping: Show jumping is when a horse carries a rider over an obstacle commonly known as a jump. There are multiple jumps in a show, if the horse hits or refuses a jump, points will be deducted from the rider score; this is a timed event, the rider is expected to complete the course in a certain amount of time, without error. There are the hunter divisions. In the hunters, riders have to make their horses look good; the judges look at the quality of the course, if there are two or more riders who had put down amazing courses the judge or judges looks at how the horse looks and acts with the rider. In harness: Both light and heavy breeds as well as ponies are raced in harness with a sulk
Encinitas is a beach city in the North County area of San Diego County, California. Located within Southern California, it is 25 miles north of San Diego and about 95 miles south of Los Angeles; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 59,518, up from 58,014 at the 2000 census. Encinitas is a Spanish name meaning "little oaks"; the city was incorporated by 69.3% of the voters in 1986 from the communities of historic Encinitas, new Encinitas, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Olivenhain. The communities retain distinctive flavors. Encinitas can be divided into five areas: Old Encinitas: a small beachside area featuring a mix of businesses and housing styles. Sitting along Coast Highway 101, the Encinitas welcome arch, the famous surf break Swamis, the early 20th century La Paloma Theater are located here. Old Encinitas is divided from New Encinitas by a low coastal ridge. New Encinitas: a newer region which features a golf course, many shopping centers, is composed of larger tract homes. Olivenhain: a semi-rural region in eastern Encinitas, composed of single family homes, an active 4-H Club, several private equestrian facilities.
Olivenhain connects to Rancho Santa Fe via Encinitas Boulevard. Leucadia: a coastal community of the city. Leucadia features tree-lined boulevards; the community features art galleries, unusual stores, restaurants, along with single family homes. This contains beaches such as Beacons and Grandview. Cardiff-by-the-Sea: Encinitas' southernmost oceanfront community, which features streets named after British cities and classical composers, the Lux Art Institute, the San Elijo Campus of Mira Costa College. Encinitas is located at 33°2′40″N 117°16′18″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles. 18.8 square miles of it is land and 1.2 square miles of it is water. The city's elevation ranges between 180 feet above sea level. Encinitas lies on rugged coastal terrain; the city is bisected by a low-lying coastal ridge that separates Old Encinitas. In the north of the city, the coast rises in elevation and the land is raised up in the form of many coastal bluffs.
The city is surrounded by Batiquitos Lagoon and San Elijo Lagoon to the north and south, respectively. Encinitas has a mild, Mediterranean climate. Average daily high temperature is 72 °F. Temperatures below 40 °F and above 85 °F are rare. Average rainfall is about 10 inches per year; the wet season lasts during the winter and spring, when temperatures are cool. Average daytime temperatures hit 65F in spring, when rain and marine layer are common. Nighttime lows range from 45-55F; the dry season lasts from summer through fall, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 75-85F, nighttime lows being from the upper 50s–60sF. Ocean water temperatures average 60F in winter, 64F in spring, 70F in summer, 66F in fall. In winter, strong Pacific storms can bring heavy rain. During the winter of 2015-2016, the area saw rounds of severe thunderstorms. Tornados touched down nearby; the 2010 United States Census reported that Encinitas had a population of 59,518. The population density was 2,977.5 people per square mile.
The racial makeup of Encinitas was 51,067 White, 361 African American, 301 Native American, 2,323 Asian, 91 Pacific Islander, 3,339 from other races, 2,036 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,138 persons; the Census reported that 58,990 people lived in households, 123 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 405 were institutionalized. There were 24,082 households, out of which 6,997 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,113 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,950 had a female householder with no husband present, 981 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,359 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 169 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,303 households were made up of individuals and 2,118 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45. There were 15,044 families; the population was spread out with 12,285 people under the age of 18, 3,767 people aged 18 to 24, 16,584 people aged 25 to 44, 19,239 people aged 45 to 64, 7,643 people who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males. Females comprise the majority of Encinitas' population at 50.5% as of April 2010. There were 25,740 housing units at an average density of 1,287.7 per square mile, of which 15,187 were owner-occupied, 8,895 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%. 39,101 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,889 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 58,014 people, 22,830 households, 14,291 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,035.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 23,843 housing units at an average density of 1,247.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.60% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.10% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 6.28% from other races, 2.85% from two or more races. 14