Robert Olmstead is an American novelist and educator. Olmstead was born in 1954 in New Hampshire, he grew up on a farm. After high school, he enrolled at Davidson College with a football scholarship, but left school after three semesters in which he compiled a poor academic record, he attended Syracuse University, where he studied with Raymond Carver and Tobias Wolff and received both bachelor's and master's degrees, in 1977 and 1983, respectively. He is the Director of Creative Writing at Ohio Wesleyan University, he has served as the Senior Writer in Residence at Dickinson College and as the director of creative writing at Boise State University. Olmstead teaches in the Low-Residency MFA program in creative writing at Converse College. Olmstead is the author of the novels America by Land, A Trail of Heart's Blood Wherever We Go and Soft Water, he is the author of a memoir Stay Here With Me, as well as River Dogs, a collection of short stories, the textbook Elements of the Writing Craft. He was the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1989 and an NEA Literature Fellowship in 1993.
His novel Coal Black Horse has received national acclaim, including the 2007 Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize for Fiction and the 2008 Ohioana Book Award for Fiction. Booklist has named his latest novel Far Bright Star as one of the Top Ten Westerns of the Decade. One reviewer praised Olmstead's ability to "translate nature's revelatory beauty into words", commenting that Coal Black Horse evokes what Henry David Thoreau described in Walden as "the indescribable innocence and beneficence of Nature"; the Chicago Tribune review praised the authenticity of the imagery and experiences in Olmstead's writing, while comparing his writing to that of Ernest Hemingway. It noted the influence of contemporary events, such as the guerrilla warfare during the U. S. occupation of Fallujah during the Iraq War. Olmstead's published works include: River Dogs Soft Water A Trail of Heart's Blood Wherever We Go America By Land Stay Here With Me Coal Black Horse Far Bright Star The Coldest Night Savage Country Algonquin Books' Robert Olmstead web pages Robert Olmstead on His Life as a Writer
Gertrude Olmstead was an American actress of the silent era. She appeared in 56 films between 1920 and 1929, her last name was sometimes seen as Olmsted. Olmstead was born in Chicago and was noticed after winning a 5,900-entrant contest to represent "The Spirit of America" at the 1920 Elks Club national convention; the victory included an opportunity to receive a $10,000 one-year contract to appear in films. Olmstead was signed by Universal Motion Picture company, her first film was Tipped Off, following which she became the leading lady in western films that starred Hoot Gibson. She appeared in her first credited film role in the 1921 film The Fox, she obtained several more roles that same year, appearing in nine films in 1921, another five in 1922. She appeared in 17 more films by the time she received what is today her best-known role, opposite Rudolph Valentino in the 1925 film Cobra. Throughout the silent film era her career thrived. From 1925 through 1929 she appeared in twenty eight films, most portraying the heroine.
With the advent of sound film her career stalled, she retired from acting in 1929. In 1926 she met MGM director Robert Z. Leonard and they were married In Santa Barbara on June 8 of that year. Leonard and Olmstead remained married until his death in 1968. After Leonard's death, Olmstead remained in the Los Angeles area, died in Beverly Hills on January 18, 1975, she is interred near her husband. Gertrude Olmstead on IMDb
Captain Aaron Olmsted, erroneously spelled Olmstead, was a wealthy sea captain in the China trade out of New England, one of 49 investors who formed the Connecticut Land Company in 1795 to purchase a major part of the Western Reserve from the U. S. state of Connecticut. He became the owner of thousands of acres from his $30,000 share of the $1,200,000 total land deal; the land encompassed the areas of Northeast Ohio now known as North Olmsted, Olmsted Falls, Olmsted Township in what is now Cuyahoga County, as well as Franklin Township, named after his son Aaron Franklin Olmsted, most of the city of Kent in what is now Portage County. Olmsted never settled there. A native of East Hartford, Connecticut, he was born 19 May 1753 as the eighth child of General Jonathan and Hanna Olmsted. Olmsted served as Adjutant general of the 4th Connecticut Regiment during the American Revolutionary War, he married Mary Langrel Bigelow on 10 December 1778 and had fourteen children, of which only five lived to adulthood.
He died 9 September 1806 in East Hartford. Portrait Portrait of Olmstead's wife Bio Sketch Genealogy Marriage details "Aaron Olmsted". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 5, 2010
Murray Albert Olmstead was a Canadian professional ice hockey left winger who played for the Montreal Canadiens, Chicago Black Hawks and Toronto Maple Leafs in the National Hockey League. Olmstead began his career with the Black Hawks in 1949. In December 1950, he was traded to the Montreal Canadiens via Detroit. Olmstead had his best statistical years playing for Montreal, leading the league in assists in 1954–55 with 48, setting a league record for assists with 56 the following season. Olmstead was claimed in an Intra-League Draft by Toronto Maple Leafs in 1958, played there until his retirement in 1962. In the 1967–68 season, Olmstead served as coach of the expansion Oakland Seals. Olmstead played in the Stanley Cup final in 11 of his 14 seasons in the NHL, he won it four times with Montreal, in 1953, 1956, 1957, 1958, once with Toronto, in 1962, his last season. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1985. Olmstead was born in Sceptre, Saskatchewan, a small village with a population of less than 200, in southwestern Saskatchewan.
In 1944, at the age of 18, he moved to Saskatchewan, to play junior hockey. In his first year and the Moose Jaw Canucks challenged for the Memorial Cup, after finishing the playoffs with a 15–1 record, they were unsuccessful in the series against the St. Michael's Majors. Olmstead had eight assists in the 17 playoff games he played, he played another season in Moose Jaw, before being assigned to the Kansas City Pla-Mors of the United States Hockey League by the Chicago Black Hawks. Olmstead played three full seasons for Kansas City, part of another in 1950, for the Milwaukee Sea Gulls. In the 1946–47 season, Olmstead joined the Pla-Mors, finishing the season with 42 points in 60 games. In 1948–49, the Canadiens, who had sponsored him and owned his rights, traded him to the Chicago Black Hawks; the same season, Olmstead made his NHL debut, called up after scoring 33 goals and 44 assists, for 77 points, in 52 games with the Pla-Mors. He collected two assists. Olmstead played the entire following season for the Black Hawks, appearing in 70 games and scoring 20 goals.
Olmstead split the 1950 -- 51 season between four teams. He began the season playing for the Black Hawks franchise, playing 15 games in the NHL and 12 in the USHL, for the Milwaukee Sea Gulls. On December 2, 1950, with Vic Stasiuk, was traded to the Detroit Red Wings, in exchange for Lee Fogolin and Steve Black. On December 19, 1950, 17 days after the trade to Detroit, he was traded again, without suiting up for the Red Wings, to Montreal, for Leo Gravelle. Olmstead would never leave the NHL until his retirement in 1962, playing 39 games that season on a line with Maurice Richard and Elmer Lach, scoring 38 points. Olmstead appeared in 11 playoff games, collecting six points, as the Canadiens lost the best-of-seven Stanley Cup finals to the Toronto Maple Leafs in five games. Olmstead and the Canadiens appeared in the Stanley Cup finals again in the 1951–52 season, losing to the Detroit Red Wings. In his third season with the Canadiens, Olmstead won the Stanley Cup for the first time. Earning 45 points in 69 games, he was named to the Second All-Star Team.
On the last game of the season, Olmstead bodychecked Gordie Howe, stopping him from tying Maurice Richard's record of 50 goals in a season. Olmstead played all the 70 games in the next two seasons, scoring 52 and 58 points in the 1953–54 and 1954–55 seasons, respectively; the Canadiens lost to the Red Wings once more in the Stanley Cup finals, in both seasons. In the 1954–55 season, Olmstead led the league in assists, with 48, as Montreal lost another Stanley Cup Final to Detroit; the 1955–56 season saw the start of Montreal's five consecutive Stanley Cup championships. In that season, Olmstead played on a line with Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, he set a record for assists, with 56, scored eight points in game, recording four goals and four assists, tying Rocket Richard's record. This record would be broken in 1976 by Darryl Sittler, who scored six goals and four assists, for ten points; as well as winning the Stanley Cup, Olmstead was again named to the Second All-Star Team. Olmstead won two more Stanley Cups in the 1956 -- 1957 -- 58 seasons.
After the conclusion of the 1957–58 seasons, doctors informed him that he had no strength left in his knees, that he should contemplate retirement. As a result of this prognosis, the Canadiens left Olmstead unprotected in the Intra-League Draft, he was claimed by Billy Reay, the head coach of the Canadiens' chief rival, the Toronto Maple Leafs. Early in the 1958–59 season, Punch Imlach, the assistant general manager of the Leafs, fired Reay, installed himself as head coach, appointed Olmstead as the playing assistant coach; this meant. The same season, the Leafs went on a long winning streak in order to qualify for the playoffs, but they lost to the Canadiens in the finals. After losing in the Finals the next season, falling short of the Finals the next season, Olmstead won his fifth and final Stanley Cup in 1962, missing two months of the season with a broken shoulder, being limited to only four out of the 12 playoff games. Following his fifth Stanley Cup win, with Toronto, the New York Rangers claimed Olmstead in the Intra-League Draft on June 4, 1962.
This came as a surprise to Olmstead, who refused to
Olmstead v. L.C.
Olmstead v. L. C. 527 U. S. 581, is a United States Supreme Court case regarding discrimination against people with mental disabilities. The Supreme Court held that under the Americans with Disabilities Act, individuals with mental disabilities have the right to live in the community rather than in institutions if, in the words of the opinion of the Court, "the State's treatment professionals have determined that community placement is appropriate, the transfer from institutional care to a less restrictive setting is not opposed by the affected individual, the placement can be reasonably accommodated, taking into account the resources available to the State and the needs of others with mental disabilities." The case was brought by Inc.. Tommy Olmstead, Georgia Department of Human Resources, et al. v. L. C. by Zimring, guardian ad litem and next friend, et al. was a case filed in 1995 and decided in 1999 before the United States Supreme Court. The plaintiffs, L. C. and E. W. two women were diagnosed with intellectual disability and personality disorder.
They had both been treated in institutional settings and in community based treatments in the state of Georgia. Following clinical assessments by state employees, both plaintiffs were determined to be better suited by treatment in a community based setting rather than in the institution. Both sued the state of Georgia to prevent them from being inappropriately treated and housed in the institutional setting; the case rose to the level of the Supreme Court, which decided the case in 1999, plays a major role in determining that mental illness is a form of disability and therefore covered under the Americans with Disabilities Act. Title II of the ADA applies to'public entities' and include'state and local governments' and'any department, agency or special purpose district' and protects any'qualified person with a disability' from exclusion from participation in or denied the benefits of services, programs, or activities of a public entity; the Supreme Court decided mental illness is a form of disability and that "unjustified isolation" of a person with a disability is a form of discrimination under Title II of the ADA.
The Supreme Court held that community placement is only required and appropriate, when –“ the State’s treatment professionals have determined that community placement is appropriate, the transfer from institutional care to a less restrictive setting is not opposed by the affected individual, the placement can be reasonably accommodated, taking into account the resources available to the State and the needs of others with mental disabilities. Unjustified isolation is discrimination based on disability. Olmstead v. L. C. 527 U. S. 581, 587. The Supreme Court explained that this holding “reflects two evident judgments.” First, “institutional placement of persons who can handle and benefit from community settings perpetuates unwarranted assumptions that persons so isolated are incapable or unworthy of participating in community life.” Second “confinement in an institution diminishes the everyday life activities of individuals, including family relations, social contacts, work options, economic independence, educational advancement, cultural enrichment.”
Id. at 600-601. However, a majority of Justices in Olmstead recognized an ongoing role for publicly and operated institutions: “We emphasize that nothing in the ADA or its implementing regulations condones termination of institutional settings for persons unable to handle or benefit from community settings... Nor is there any federal requirement that community-based treatment be imposed on patients who do not desire it.” Id. at 601-602. A plurality of Justices noted: “o placement outside the institution may be appropriate... ‘Some individuals, whether mentally retarded or mentally ill, are not prepared at particular times - in the short run in the long run - for the risks and exposure of the less protective environment of community settings ’ for these persons, ‘institutional settings are needed and must remain available’”. “As observed, the ADA is not reasonably read to impel States to phase out institutions, placing patients in need of close care at risk... ‘Each disabled person is entitled to treatment in the most integrated setting possible for that person—recognizing on a case-by-case basis, that setting may be an institution’.”
Id. at 605. Justice Kennedy noted in his concurring opinion, “It would be unreasonable, it would be a tragic event were the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 to be interpreted so that states had some incentive, for fear of litigation to drive those in need of medical care and treatment out of appropriate care and into settings with too little assistance and supervision.” Id. at 610. The Supreme Court did not reach the question of whether there is a constitutional right to community services in the most integrated setting. About ten years after the Olmstead decision, the State of Georgia and the United States Department of Justice entered a settlement agreement to cease all admissions of individuals with developmental disabilities to state-operated, federally licensed institutions and, by July 1, 2015, "transition all individuals with developmental disabilities in the State Hospitals from the Hospitals to community settings," according to a Department of Justice Fact Sheet about the settlement.
The settlement calls for serving 9,000 individuals with mental illness in community settings