Root River (Minnesota)
The Root River flows for 80 miles through the Driftless Area of southeastern Minnesota and is a tributary of the Upper Mississippi River. It is an excellent river for canoeing; the gentle to moderate flowing river drops an average of 3.4 ft/mile from Chatfield, Minnesota, to its pour point in the Mississippi River into Navigation Pool 7 just south of La Crosse, Wisconsin. The South Branch rises in Mower County as agricultural drainage ditches, which disappear underground, re-emerging as a much cooler stream at Mystery Cave near Preston, Minnesota; the 48°F water creates superb conditions for brook trout. The river lies within Minnesota's Driftless Area, a region which missed being glaciated during the last ice age, i.e. the Wisconsinian glaciation. Root River is an English translation of the Dakota-language name. Many fish species such as brook trout, rainbow trout, brown trout, smallmouth bass, rock bass, channel catfish, shorthead redhorse, river redhorse, golden redhorse, silver redhorse, greater redhorse, black redhorse, northern hogsuckers, white suckers inhabit the river.
The Root River system provides habitat to a number of bird species. Red-tailed hawks and bald eagles can be found in the area. Blue herons, wild turkeys, wood ducks are commonly seen. Numerous mammals can be spotted in the region including deer, gray fox, red fox, raccoons and badgers; the Root River State Trail is a 42-mile-long trail for bicycling, skating, etc. It begins in Fountain and continues through Lanesboro, Peterson and Houston; as a result of the 2007 Midwest flooding, the river rose to 19 feet, about a foot short of the height of the dike protecting the town of Houston. List of Minnesota rivers Minnesota DNR canoeing guide for the Root River Minnesota DNR trail guide for the Root River State Trail
Wisconsin is a U. S. state located in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 20th most populous; the state capital is Madison, its largest city is Milwaukee, located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties. Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area; the Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers famous for its cheese. Manufacturing, information technology, cranberries and tourism are major contributors to the state's economy; the word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal. Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century; the legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. The Algonquin word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure.
Interpretations vary. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock". Wisconsin has been home to a wide variety of cultures over the past 14,000 years; the first people arrived around 10,000 BCE during the Wisconsin Glaciation. These early inhabitants, called Paleo-Indians, hunted now-extinct ice age animals such as the Boaz mastodon, a prehistoric mastodon skeleton unearthed along with spear points in southwest Wisconsin. After the ice age ended around 8000 BCE, people in the subsequent Archaic period lived by hunting and gathering food from wild plants. Agricultural societies emerged over the Woodland period between 1000 BCE to 1000 CE. Toward the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heartland of the "Effigy Mound culture", which built thousands of animal-shaped mounds across the landscape.
Between 1000 and 1500 CE, the Mississippian and Oneota cultures built substantial settlements including the fortified village at Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. The Oneota may be the ancestors of the modern Ioway and Ho-Chunk tribes who shared the Wisconsin region with the Menominee at the time of European contact. Other Native American groups living in Wisconsin when Europeans first settled included the Ojibwa, Fox and Pottawatomie, who migrated to Wisconsin from the east between 1500 and 1700; the first European to visit what became Wisconsin was the French explorer Jean Nicolet. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks. Pierre Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers visited Green Bay again in 1654–1666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659–1660, where they traded for fur with local Native Americans. In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a journey on the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien.
Frenchmen like Nicholas Perrot continued to ply the fur trade across Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but the French made no permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Great Britain won control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1763. So, French traders continued to work in the region after the war, some, beginning with Charles de Langlade in 1764, settled in Wisconsin permanently, rather than returning to British-controlled Canada; the British took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761 and gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763. Like the French, the British were interested in little but the fur trade. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette; the first permanent settlers French Canadians, some Anglo-New Englanders and a few African American freedmen, arrived in Wisconsin while it was under British control.
Charles Michel de Langlade is recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, moving there permanently in 1764. Settlement began at Prairie du Chien around 1781; the French residents at the trading post in what is now Green Bay, referred to the t
Mower County, Minnesota
Mower County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,163; the county seat is Austin. The county is named after John Edward Mower. Mower County comprises the Austin, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Rochester-Austin Combined Statistical Area. Lake Louise State Park is in the southeast part of the county near Le Roy. In 1852, Jacob McQuillin and his family settled. By 1855, the area had enough people to merit official formation and on March 1, 1856 Minnesota Governor Willis A. Gorman signed the act organizing Mower County; the county was named in honor of a member of the territorial legislature. Five people are elected as Mower County Commissioners. Commissioners work to provide services to people and communities while overseeing the cost of such services; the Mower County Board meets the first and fourth Tuesday of each month in the Board Room in the Lower Level of the Mower County Courthouse. The first meeting of the month begins at 1:00 PM while the others begin with departmental business at 8:30 AM with general business starting around 10:00 AM.
First District- Cities: Brownsdale, Mapleview and the 1st Ward, 1st Precinct of Austin Townships: Lansing Township, Red Rock Township, Udolpho Township, Waltham Township Commissioner: Tim Gabrielson Second District- Cities: Adams, Elkton, Grand Meadow, Le Roy, Sargeant, Taopi Townships: Adams Township, Bennington Township, Clayton Township, Dexter Township, Frankford Township, Grand Meadow Township, Le Roy Township, Lodi Township, Marshall Township, Pleasant Valley Township, Racine Township, Sargeant Township Commissioner:Raymond Tucker Third District- Cities: Lyle, Rose Creek and the 2nd Ward, 2nd Precinct of the City of Austin. Townships: Austin, Lyle and Windom. Commissioner: Jerry Reinartz Fourth District - The 4th District includes all of the 3rd ward of the city of Austin. Commissioner:Tony Bennett Fifth District - The 5th District includes the 1st Ward, 2nd Precinct and the 2nd Ward 1st Princt of the City of Austin. Commissioner: Mike Ankeny According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 712 square miles, of which 711 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water.
Despite being one of only four counties in Minnesota without any natural lakes, Mower County does have four small ponds and lakes created by dams: East Side Lake: in the northeast quadrant of Austin Lake Louise: in Lake Louise State Park near Le Roy Mill Pond: in downtown Austin near the Hormel plant Ramsey Mill Pond: in Ramsey Golf Course, near the unincorporated settlement of RamseyThe Cedar River flows south into the county from its source in Dodge County and continues all the way through the county into Mitchell County, Iowa. It flows through Mower County's four westernmost townships: Udolpho, Lansing and Lyle. I-90 I-90 Bus. US 63 US 218 Minnesota State Highway 16 Minnesota State Highway 56 Minnesota State Highway 105 Minnesota State Highway 251 Dodge County Olmsted County Fillmore County Howard County, Iowa Mitchell County, Iowa Worth County, Iowa Freeborn County As of the 2000 census, there were 38,603 people, 15,582 households, 10,315 families residing in the county; the population density was 54 people per square mile.
There were 16,251 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.7% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. 4.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.9% were of German, 24.4% Norwegian and 7.0% Irish ancestry. There were 15,582 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,654, the median income for a family was $45,154. Males had a median income of $31,743 versus $23,317 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,795. About 6.3% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over. All of Mower County's land is divided into 20 townships. Mower County is five townships wide and four townships from north to south. Lansing National Register of Historic Places listings in Mower County, Minnesota History Committee. Mill on the willow: a history of Mower County, Minnesota.:. Mower County Official Page Mower County Genealogy Mower County Fair
The Zumbro River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the Driftless Area of southeastern Minnesota in the United States. It is 64.6 miles long from the confluence of its principal tributaries and drains a watershed of 1,428 square miles. The river's name in English is a change from its French name Rivière des Embarras due to its mouth located near Pine Island in the Mississippi River; the Zumbro rises as three forks: The South Fork Zumbro River, 57.6 miles long, rises about 2 miles east of Hayfield in southern Dodge County and flows eastwardly into Olmsted County, where it turns northward at Rochester and flows into southwestern Wabasha County. The South Fork's course through Rochester has been channelized as part of a flood control project, it is dammed in Wabasha County, by the Lake Zumbro Hydroelectric Generating Plant to form Lake Zumbro. The Middle Fork Zumbro River, 52.9 miles long, rises in northeastern Steele County, about 8 miles west of West Concord and flows eastwardly through northern Dodge, southwestern Goodhue and northeastern Olmsted counties, past Pine Island and Oronoco.
At Pine Island it collects the North Branch Middle Fork Zumbro River, which rises in southwestern Goodhue County and flows eastwardly through southern Goodhue and northern Dodge counties. At Oronoco it collects the South Branch Middle Fork Zumbro River, which rises in eastern Steele County and flows eastwardly into Dodge County, past Mantorville; the Middle Fork meets the South Fork in north-central Olmsted County as part of Zumbro Lake. The North Fork Zumbro River, 57.5 miles long, rises 7.5 miles southeast of Faribault in southeastern Rice County and flows eastwardly through southern Goodhue and southwestern Wabasha counties, past Kenyon, Wanamingo and Mazeppa. The North and South forks join about 4 miles east of Mazeppa in southwestern Wabasha County, the Zumbro River flows eastwardly through Wabasha County, through the Richard J. Dorer Memorial Hardwood State Forest and past Zumbro Falls, Hammond and Kellogg, it flows into the Mississippi River about 4 miles east of Kellogg. Some species of fish that can be found in the Zumbro River near Rochester include Green Sunfish, Rock Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Largemouth Bass, Common Carp and Creek Chub, Channel Catfish, Blue Catfish, Northern Pike.
List of Minnesota rivers Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry DeLorme. Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-222-6. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Zumbro River Waters, Thomas F.. The Streams and Rivers of Minnesota. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-0960-8
Rice County, Minnesota
Rice County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,142, its county seat is Faribault. Rice County comprises the Faribault-Northfield, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI Combined Statistical Area. Rice County was founded on March 5, 1853, it was named for Henry Mower Rice, a fur trader who became instrumental in creation of the Minnesota Territory and its subsequent growth and development. The Cannon River flows northeasterly through the center of the county, on its way to discharge into the Mississippi River at Red Wing; the Straight River flows northerly into the county from Steele County to its discharge point into the Cannon River at Faribault. The North Fork of the Zumbro River rises in south-central Rice County, flows eastward into Goodhue County on its way to discharge into the Mississippi east of Kellogg; the county terrain consists of low, rolling hills devoted to agriculture, dotted with lakes.
The county slopes to the north. The county has an area of 516 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water; the Cannon River flows northeastwardly through the county, collecting the Straight River in Faribault. The North Fork of the Zumbro River has its headwaters in the county's southeastern part. Rice is one of 17 Minnesota savanna counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 56,665 people, 18,888 households, 13,353 families in the county. The population density was 114/sqmi. There were 20,061 housing units at an average density of 40.4/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 93.59% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.87% from other races, 1.30% from two or more races. 5.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.1 % were of 7.2 % Irish and 5.3 % Czech ancestry. There were 18,888 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were non-families.
23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14. The county population contained 25.30% under the age of 18, 15.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,651, the median income for a family was $56,407. Males had a median income of $36,771 versus $26,151 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,695. About 4.00% of families and 6.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over. Dennison Dundas Faribault Lonsdale Morristown Nerstrand Northfield Warsaw Rice County voters are traditionally Democratic. In 90% of national elections since 1980 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Rice County, Minnesota Rice County government’s website Rice County, Minnesota at Curlie
Winona County, Minnesota
Winona County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2018 census, the population was 50,873, its county seat is Winona. Winona County comprises MN Micropolitan Statistical Area; the name of the county is said to derive from a Dakota legend about a woman, betrothed to a warrior she did not love. Rather than marry him, she is said to have leapt to her death from a rock now called "Maiden's Rock" on Lake Pepin; this is colloquially known as the Winona legend. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 642 square miles, of which 626 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water. Airport Lake - Winona Bartlet Lake - Winona Bollers Lake - Goodview Hunters Lake - Winona Lake Goodview - Goodview Lake Winona - Winona Rileys Lake - vast majority in Winona, west edge in Goodview Mississippi River - forms county's eastern border with Wisconsin Whitewater River - flows northeast from the western side of the county Interstate 90 U. S. Highway 14 U. S. Highway 61 Minnesota State Highway 43 Minnesota State Highway 74 Minnesota State Highway 76 Minnesota State Highway 248 Winona Municipal Airport - Max Conrad Field Wabasha County Buffalo County, Wisconsin Trempealeau County, Wisconsin La Crosse County, Wisconsin Houston County Fillmore County Olmsted County Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge As of the census of 2018, there were 51,461 residents.
The racial makeup of the county was 94% White, 1% African American, 2% Asian, 2% Hispanic or Latino, below 1% from other races, 1% from two or more races. The male population accounted towards 25,307 members of the Winona county, whereas female accounted towards 26,154; as of the census of 2000, there were 49,985 people, 18,744 households, 11,696 families residing in the county. The population density was 80 people per square mile. There were 19,551 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White, 0.77% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, 0.81% from two or more races. 1.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.8 % were of 9.9 % Polish and 7.4 % Irish ancestry. There were 18,744 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.30% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.60% were non-families.
28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 18.60% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,700, the median income for a family was $49,845. Males had a median income of $31,926 versus $23,406 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,077. About 5.60% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over. In 2016, Winona County planning commissioners voted to approve new permits for existing commercial dog breeding operations known as "puppy mills", despite overwhelming evidence of animal cruelty and neglect.
Due to the high number of kennels in the county, Winona county has earned the dubious title "Puppy Mill Capital of Minnesota". The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Winona County as the Winona, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area; the OMB designated Winona, Minnesota as the principal city of the µSA. The United States Census Bureau ranked the µSA as the 582nd most populous Core Based Statistical Area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. Winona County is represented in the Minnesota House of Representatives by Rep. Steve Drazkowski, Rep. Gene Pelowski. Winona County is represented in the Minnesota Senate by Sen. Jeremy Miller. Winona County is located in Minnesota's 1st Congressional District, represented by Rep. Jim Hagedorn. Homer Ashton Enterprise Grover Whitewater Falls Beaver National Register of Historic Places listings in Winona County, Minnesota DeLorme's Minnesota Atlas and Gazetteer Winona County Winona County Health and Demographic Data
Dodge County, Minnesota
Dodge County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. The population was 20,087 as of the 2010 United States Census, its county seat is Mantorville. Dodge County is part of MN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the area of present Dodge County was a hunting and battle ground for the Mdewakanton Sioux fighting Sauk and Fox Indians who wandered into their territory. The first non-indigenous person to enter the territory was a French fur trader from Canada in 1655. After the fur trappers and early explorers, the area was populated by settlers from New England; the 1820s and 1830s saw significant emigration, eased by completion of the Erie Canal and the end of the Black Hawk War. They brought a passion for education, establishing many schools, as well as staunch support for abolitionism, they were members of the Episcopal church. Culturally Dodge County was similar to colonial New England during the nineteenth century. In 1853 government surveyors set lines for the townships. In 1854, two Mantor brothers and Eli P. Waterman established their claims in the area of present Mantorville.
In early 1855, Dodge County was organized for local government. It was named for the first governor of Wisconsin; the Minnesota State Constitution placed Dodge County in the Fifth Judicial District on May 11, 1858. The county courthouse was constructed in 1865; as the 20th century began, emigrants from Germany and Norway flowed to Minnesota in increasing numbers. Their influence added Lutheran influence to the cultural mix; the South Branch of the Middle Fork of the Zumbro River flows east-northeast through the upper central part of Dodge County. Salem Creek and Harkcom Creek drain the county to the east; the county terrain consists of rolling hills, devoted to agriculture where possible. The terrain slopes to the northeast; the county has a total area of 440 square miles, of which 439 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. Dodge County is 24 miles long and 18 miles wide; the central and northern parts are hilly and thickly wooded with pebbly, loose soil that allows for wheat agriculture.
The southern part, in contrast, is more suited to grazing livestock. The soil is fertile, with heavy black loam. Dodge is one of seven southern Minnesota counties. Dodge County's plentiful sand and rock make the area a center for building. Quarries in Mantorville were once enterprises and consist of layers of thick stone that can be cut into any desired shape. Wasioja is known nationwide for its excellent "Wasioja stone." Rice Lake Zumbro River Reservoir Dodge Center Municipal Airport As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 17,731 people, 6,420 households, 4,853 families in the county. The population density was 40.4/sqmi. There were 6,642 housing units at an average density of 15.1/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 96.58% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.89% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.2 % were of 26.9 % Norwegian, 5.8 % Irish, 5.8 % American and 5.1 % English ancestry.
There were 6,420 households out of which 40.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.70% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.40% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.15. The county population contained 30.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $47,437, the median income for a family was $54,261. Males had a median income of $34,195 versus $25,903 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,259. About 4.40% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.80% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
Dodge County voters have been reliably Republican for decades. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Dodge County, Minnesota Dodge County government's website