Gavin Rees is a Welsh former professional boxer who competed from 1998 to 2014. He held the WBA super-lightweight title, as well as British lightweight titles. After a successful amateur career, Rees turned professional in 1998. In 2007, Rees defeated Souleymane M'baye to become the WBA Light Welterweight champion with a unanimous decision after 12 rounds. Rees however lost his World title in his first defence via a 12th-round TKO loss to Andreas Kotelnik in March 2008. Following his world title loss Rees was out of action for more than a year before returning in August 2009 to beat Johnny Greaves in 4 rounds. On 4 December, Rees entered the light welterweight prizefighter competition beating Ted Bami in the quarter finals, Jason Cook in the Semi-finals and Colin Lynes in the Final to win the £32,000 prize Following his Prizefighter victory, Rees moved down to the division where he enjoyed instant success winning the British title in 2010, he has since won the European title in June 2011 and most regained the British title in July 2012.
Rees fought Adrien Broner for the World Boxing Council lightweight world title at Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey on 16 February 2013. He lost the fight via 5th-round TKO. Rees lives in Pantside and has four children all girls. List of WBA world champions Professional boxing record for Gavin Rees from BoxRec
The London Underground is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. The Underground has its origins in the Metropolitan Railway, the world's first underground passenger railway. Opened in January 1863, it is now part of the Metropolitan lines; the network has expanded to 11 lines, in 2017/18 carried 1.357 billion passengers, making it the world's 11th busiest metro system. The 11 lines collectively handle up to 5 million passengers a day; the system's first tunnels were built just below the surface. The system has 250 miles of track. Despite its name, only 45% of the system is underground in tunnels, with much of the network in the outer environs of London being on the surface. In addition, the Underground does not cover most southern parts of Greater London, with fewer than 10% of the stations located south of the River Thames; the early tube lines owned by several private companies, were brought together under the "UndergrounD" brand in the early 20th century and merged along with the sub-surface lines and bus services in 1933 to form London Transport under the control of the London Passenger Transport Board.
The current operator, London Underground Limited, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Transport for London, the statutory corporation responsible for the transport network in Greater London. As of 2015, 92% of operational expenditure is covered by passenger fares; the Travelcard ticket was introduced in 1983 and Oyster, a contactless ticketing system, in 2003. Contactless card payments were introduced in 2014, the first public transport system in the world to do so; the LPTB was a prominent patron of art and design, commissioning many new station buildings and public artworks in a modernist style. The schematic Tube map, designed by Harry Beck in 1931, was voted a national design icon in 2006 and now includes other TfL transport systems such as the Docklands Light Railway, London Overground and Tramlink. Other famous London Underground branding includes the roundel and Johnston typeface, created by Edward Johnston in 1916; the idea of an underground railway linking the City of London with the urban centre was proposed in the 1830s, the Metropolitan Railway was granted permission to build such a line in 1854.
To prepare construction, a short test tunnel was built in 1855 in Kibblesworth, a small town with geological properties similar to London. This test tunnel was used for two years in the development of the first underground train, was in 1861, filled up; the world's first underground railway, it opened in January 1863 between Paddington and Farringdon using gas-lit wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives. It was hailed as a success, carrying 38,000 passengers on the opening day, borrowing trains from other railways to supplement the service; the Metropolitan District Railway opened in December 1868 from South Kensington to Westminster as part of a plan for an underground "inner circle" connecting London's main-line stations. The Metropolitan and District railways completed the Circle line in 1884, built using the cut and cover method. Both railways expanded, the District building five branches to the west reaching Ealing, Uxbridge and Wimbledon and the Metropolitan extended as far as Verney Junction in Buckinghamshire, more than 50 miles from Baker Street and the centre of London.
For the first deep-level tube line, the City and South London Railway, two 10 feet 2 inches diameter circular tunnels were dug between King William Street and Stockwell, under the roads to avoid the need for agreement with owners of property on the surface. This opened in 1890 with electric locomotives that hauled carriages with small opaque windows, nicknamed padded cells; the Waterloo and City Railway opened in 1898, followed by the Central London Railway in 1900, known as the "twopenny tube". These two ran electric trains in circular tunnels having diameters between 11 feet 8 inches and 12 feet 2.5 inches, whereas the Great Northern and City Railway, which opened in 1904, was built to take main line trains from Finsbury Park to a Moorgate terminus in the City and had 16-foot diameter tunnels. While steam locomotives were in use on the Underground there were contrasting health reports. There were many instances of passengers collapsing whilst travelling, due to heat and pollution, leading for calls to clean the air through the installation of garden plants.
The Metropolitan encouraged beards for staff to act as an air filter. There were other reports claiming beneficial outcomes of using the Underground, including the designation of Great Portland Street as a "sanatorium for asthma and bronchial complaints", tonsillitis could be cured with acid gas and the Twopenny Tube cured anorexia. With the advent of electric Tube services, the Volks Electric Railway, in Brighton, competition from electric trams, the pioneering Underground companies needed modernising. In the early 20th century, the District and Metropolitan railways needed to electrify and a joint committee recommended an AC system, the two companies
Miss World is the oldest running international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951. Since his death in 2000, Morley's widow, Julia Morley, has co-chaired the pageant. Along with Miss Universe, Miss International and Miss Earth, this pageant is one of the Big Four international beauty pageants—the most coveted beauty titles when it comes to international pageant competitions; the current Miss World is Vanessa Ponce of Mexico, crowned on 8 December 2018 in Sanya, China. She is the first Mexican woman to win Miss World. In 1951, Eric Morley organised a bikini contest as part of the Festival of Britain celebrations that he called the Festival Bikini Contest; the event was popular with the press, was dubbed "Miss World" by the media. The swimsuit competition was intended as a promotion for the bikini which had only been introduced onto the market, and, still regarded as immodest; when the 1951 Miss World pageant winner, Kerstin "Kiki" Hakansson from Sweden, was crowned in a bikini, it added to the controversy.
The pageant was planned as a Pageant for the Festival of Britain, but Eric Morley decided to make the Miss World pageant an annual event. Morley registered the "Miss World" name as a trademark, all future pageants were held under that name. However, because of the controversy arising from Håkansson's crowning in a bikini, countries with religious traditions threatened not to send delegates to future events, the bikini was condemned by the Pope. Objection to the bikini led to its replacement in all future pageants with what was accepted as more modest swimwear, from 1976 swimsuits were replaced by evening gowns for the crowning. Håkansson remains the only Miss World crowned in a bikini. In Miss World 2013 all participants wore a one-piece swimsuit plus a traditional sarong below the waist as a compromise with local culture. Morley announced the Miss World winners in the order No. 3, No. 2 and No. 1. This avoids the anticlimax if Nos. 2 and 3 are announced after the winner. In 1959, the BBC started broadcasting the pageant.
The pageant's popularity grew with the advent of television. During the 1960s and 1970s, Miss World would be among the most watched programs of the year on British television. However, in 1970, the Miss World contest in London was disrupted by women's liberation protesters armed with flour bombs, stink bombs, water pistols. More than 18 million people watched the pageant at its peak during the early 1980s. In the 1980s, the pageant repositioned itself with the slogan Beauty With a Purpose, with added tests of intelligence and personality. However, there have been various objections to the contest. Although it still "enjoys success worldwide", it was no longer broadcast on BBC with the last mainstream broadcast on UK television in 1988. ITV's Thames Television took over the UK broadcasting rights between 1980 and 1988. During the early 1990s, there was a decline in the popularity of mainstream television broadcasts of the event after it became "increasingly unfashionable" in the late 1980s; the pageant returned on satellite channel Sky One in 1997, before moving to Channel 5 for three years.
Eric Morley died in 2000, his wife, succeeded as chairwoman of the Miss World organisation. The first black African Miss World winner, Agbani Darego of Nigeria, was crowned in 2001; as part of its marketing strategy, Miss World came up with a "Vote For Me" television special during that edition, featuring the delegates behind the scenes and on the beach, allowing viewers to either phone in or vote online for their favourites. It sells its Talent, Beach Beauty and Sports events as television specials to broadcasters. ITV broadcast the 2001 pageant from South Africa on digital channel ITV2, with the special airing a week earlier on the main ITV channel. In 2002 the pageant was slated for the capital city of Nigeria to host its final; this choice was controversial, as a northern Nigerian woman, Amina Lawal, was awaiting death by stoning for adultery under Sharia law there, but Miss World chose to use the publicity surrounding its presence to bring greater global awareness and action to Amina's plight.
In the Miss World 2014 ceremony, Aishwarya Rai was crowned Most Successful Miss World by the Miss World Organisation. She attended the celebration with her husband Abhishek Bachchan, daughter Aaradhya and mother Brinda Rai, it has been broadcast on local TV channel London Live since 2014. The Miss World Organization owns and manages the annual Miss World Finals, a competition that has grown into one of the world's biggest. Since its launch in 1951, the Miss World organisation has raised more than £250 million for children's charities that help disabled and underprivileged children. Miss World is franchised in more than 100 countries. Miss World, Limited is a held firm, thus figures for its earnings and charitable contributions are not publicly available; the Miss World pageant has been the target of many controversies since its inception. In 1970, feminist protesters threw flour bombs during the live event at London's Royal Albert Hall, momentarily alarming the host, Bob Hope; the 1973 winner, Marjorie Wallace, was stripped of her title on 8 March 1974, because she had failed to fulfill the basic requirements of the job.
The Miss World organizers did not elect someone to serve in her place. In 1976, several countries went on a boycott, because the pageant included both a Caucasian and African representative for South Africa. South Africa competed for the last time in 1977, before returning in 1991 as Apartheid disintegrated; the 1980 winner Gabriella Brum of Germany resigned one day after winning claiming her boyfriend disapproved. A few days it
Olympia London International Horse Show
Olympia London International Horse Show is one of the UK's biggest equestrian competitions, held at Olympia, London. It is best known for its showjumping, however it has competitions in horse showing, mounted games, dog agility and more dressage. Highlights are shown on the BBC each year, with the grand prix shown live, it is held over 7 days, in the week preceding Christmas and many of the events are Christmas themed. The show is split into ticketed morning and evening sessions; the first show in its current form was held in 1907, however an agricultural show has been held here since 1888. Reginald Gardiner Heaton, a horse breeder from Chatteris in Cambridgeshire, is said to have thought up the show. Early in 1906, Gardiner Heaton invited friends to dinner with the intention of persuading them to organise an international show on similar lines to those in New York and Brussels; the dinner was successful and Reginald Heaton became the Managing Director, a post he held for over 25 years. The inaugural show was attended by much of the upper class including Edward VII, Alexandra of Denmark, George V, Princess Mary Adelaide of CambridgeThe entrants were from around the world.
Lord Lonsdale president of the National Sporting Club of Britain was the Show’s first President. The roll of Directors listed in early programmes included many prominent and wealthy patrons with at least 10 Dukes, 11 Marquises, 54 Earls, 25 Viscounts, 80 Lords, 28 Knights who were made honorary Vice-Presidents; the show was closed during World War I and suffered from the economic instability and industrialisation between the wars. In 1939 the last International Horse Show was held at Olympia, it was resurrected in 1947 at a different venue in London. However in December 1972, Reginald Heaton and Raymond Brooks-Ward decided to bring a horse show back to Olympia. Olympia – The London International Horse Show has since become a highlight of the equestrian calendar and part of the equestrian Christmas tradition; the show has FEI competitions in combined driving and show jumping as well as showing and mounted games. There are the extreme driving and two FEI World Cup classes. A driver drives a four horse carriage, round a set of obstacles against the clock, with two grooms on the carriage.
Faults are gained if an obstacle is knocked or the incorrect route is taken, the top score with least faults wins. On the first day of the modern show, there is an FEI Grand Prix invitational class. On the second day there is an FEI dressage to music class where riders are allowed to choreograph their own routine to music incorporating a number of compulsory movements; the show has showjumping classes on each day of the show, each with Christmas themed names such as the Longines Christmas Cracker. These culminate in the 1.60m FEI Show Jumping World Cup on the Saturday and the Grand Prix on the Sunday. Riders compete over the week and have the chance of gaining points in each class for leading rider. Many of the top showjumping riders in the world compete annually, as well as many of Britain's finest, including Ellen Whitaker, Tim Stockdale, Ben Maher, Nick Skelton and many more. Held in the Olympia Exhibition Centre, the London International Horse Show celebrated its 100th Anniversary in 2007 as'one of Europe’s oldest equine competitions’.
In 2010 it was held as CSI 5*-W and CDI-W. The event has non FEI competitions including the Puissance, the six bar, mini-major and the Markel Champions Challenge where jockeys compete at showjumping to raise money for the injured jockeys fund; the show hosts the final for the British Show Pony Society Mountain and Moorland championships and the Olympia Senior Showing Series Championships. In more recent years, the show has exhibition guests which show different forms of horsemanship from around the world. Attendees include the Metropolitan Police Service's mounted regiment; each year there is a Shetland Grand National where a group of riders aged 8-14 ride Shetland ponies around a track over small jumps mimicking the Grand National held at Aintree. Many of these riders have progressed onto becoming professional jockeys such as Sam Twiston-Davies. All proceeds of the event go to the Bob Champion cancer trust; every session concludes with the Christmas Finale, a mix of theatrics, singing ending with a visit from Father Christmas himself in a horse-drawn carriage.
Olympia Horse Show Website Olympia Horse Show results
Bloc Party are an English rock band, composed of Kele Okereke, Russell Lissack, Justin Harris and Louise Bartle. Former members Matt Tong and Gordon Moakes left the band in 2015 respectively, their brand of music, whilst rooted in rock, retains elements of other genres such as electronica and house music. The band was formed at the 1999 Reading Festival by Lissack, they went through a variety of names before settling on Bloc Party in 2003. Moakes joined the band after answering an advert in NME magazine, while Tong was picked via an audition. Bloc Party got their break by giving BBC Radio 1 DJ Steve Lamacq and Franz Ferdinand's lead singer, Alex Kapranos, a copy of their demo "She's Hearing Voices". In February 2005, the band released their debut album Silent Alarm, it was critically acclaimed and was named Indie Album of the Year at the 2006 PLUG Awards and NME Album of the year which both honour indie music. That year, the record was certified platinum in Britain; the band built on this success in 2007 with the release of their second studio album, A Weekend in the City, which reached a peak of number two in the UK Albums Chart and number twelve in the Billboard 200.
In August 2008, Bloc Party released their third studio record, Intimacy which entered the UK Albums Chart at number eight and number eighteen on the Billboard 200. The band went on a hiatus in October 2009 to focus on side projects, they reunited in September 2011, shortly thereafter released their fourth album, which entered the UK Albums Chart at number three. In 2013, Bloc Party released; the band's fifth studio album, the first to involve Harris and Bartle, was released on 29 January 2016. Bloc Party have sold over 3 million albums worldwide. Russell Lissack and Kele Okereke first met in 1998 in London. Lissack had attended Bancroft's School, while Okereke attended Ilford County High School Trinity Catholic High School, Woodford Green for sixth form, they decided to form a band. Bassist Gordon Moakes joined after answering an advert in NME, drummer Matt Tong joined after an audition. After going through a variety of names, such as Union, The Angel Range, Diet, the band settled on Bloc Party in September 2003, a play on block party.
The band has said that the name was not intended to be an allusion to the Soviet Bloc or the Canadian political party Bloc Québécois. However, Moakes said on the group's official Internet forum that it was more a merging of the eastern "Blocs" and the western "parties", in the political sense, he notes that the name was not explicitly driven by politics, but rather it "looked, seemed fine so we went with it." In November 2003, Bloc Party had their track "The Marshals Are Dead" featured on a compilation CD called The New Cross released by Angular Recording Corporation. They released their debut single "She's Hearing Voices" on the fledgling record label Trash Aesthetics. In 2003 Bloc Party mailed Steve Aoki a 7-inch of the track “She’s Hearing Voices” and signed to Dim Mak shortly thereafter. Dim Mak teamed up with VICE, a subsidiary of Atlantic Records, entered a major label deal for the first time. Dim Mak and Atlantic released Bloc Party’s critically acclaimed and commercially successful Silent Alarm in 2005.
The band got their break after Okereke went to a Franz Ferdinand concert in 2003, gave a copy of "She's Hearing Voices" to both lead singer Alex Kapranos and BBC Radio 1 DJ Steve Lamacq. Lamacq subsequently played the song on his radio show, labelling the track "genius", invited them to record a live session for the show; the buzz generated off the back of the single led to another release, "Banquet/Staying Fat", this time through Moshi Moshi Records, to the eventual signing with independent label Wichita Recordings in April 2004. Bloc Party's debut album, Silent Alarm, was released in February 2005 and was met with universal critical acclaim, it was voted'Album of the Year' for 2005 by NME, reached number 3 on the UK Albums Chart before being certified platinum. The first single from the album, "So Here We Are/Positive Tension", made the top 5 on the UK Top 40 chart. Further singles "Banquet", "Helicopter", "Pioneers", whilst failing to repeat this success, still managed to reach the UK top 20.
The animated video for "Pioneers," made by the Shoreditch-based Minivegas design agency, was top of the NME video charts for four weeks. NME tagged them as "art-rock" at that time but the band felt it was too limited; the band received positive reviews from critics in the United States and they toured there in the 18 months that followed the release of Silent Alarm. In early 2006, they finished their tour with sold out shows in Los Angeles and Berkeley; the album over a million worldwide. After this success, the established electronic group, The Chemical Brothers, soon collaborated with Okereke for "Believe", a track on their Push the Button album. An album of remixes of tracks from Silent Alarm had been released at the end of August 2005 in the UK; this remix album, entitled Silent Alarm Remixed, retained the album's original track list and includes remixes from the likes of Ladytron, M83, Death from Above 1979, Four Tet, Mogwai. During July 2005, Bloc Party recorded two new tracks with Silent Alarm producer Paul Epworth.
The songs were released as a single with a B-side, titled "
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
The Chemical Brothers
The Chemical Brothers are an English electronic music duo composed of Tom Rowlands and Ed Simons, originating in Manchester in 1989. Along with The Prodigy, Fatboy Slim, The Crystal Method, other fellow acts, they were pioneers at bringing the big beat genre to the forefront of pop culture, they achieved widespread success when their second album Dig Your Own Hole topped the UK charts in 1997. In the United Kingdom they have had six number one albums and 13 top 20 singles, including two number ones. Ed Simons was born in Herne Hill, South London, on 9 June 1970 to a barrister mother and a father, not around much when Simons was growing up. Simons' two main interests when he was young were musicals. Simons attended Alleyn's School and Dulwich College. During his school years, he developed a fondness for rare groove and hip hop music, having frequented a club called The Mud Club from the age of 14. By the time he left school, his two main musical interests were two Manchester bands, New Order and The Smiths.
After finishing school with 11 O levels and three A levels, he continued on to study history late medieval history, at the University of Manchester. Tom Rowlands, a childhood classmate of Simons', was born on 11 January 1971 in Kingston upon Thames, London; when Rowlands was young, his family relocated to Henley-on-Thames. He attended Reading Blue Coat School in Berkshire. In his early teens, his interest in music broadened to other genres; some of his favourites included the Oh What a Lovely War soundtrack, 2 Tone, the nascent gothic rock genre and the electro sounds of artists such as Kraftwerk, New Order, Cabaret Voltaire, Heaven 17. He described the first Public Enemy album, Yo! Bum Rush the Show, as "the record that changed his life", commented that "Miuzi Weighs a Ton" was "one of the most amazing tracks he had heard". Rowlands started collecting hip hop records by artists like Eric B and Schoolly D. Rowlands left school with similar accomplishments to Simons', achieving nine O levels and three A levels.
For university, he followed Simons to Manchester to immerse himself in its music scene in general and the Haçienda in particular. Rowlands was in a band called Ariel prior to meeting up with Simons. Ariel was formed in London by Rowlands and his friends Brendan Melck and Mathew Berry, their first single was "Sea of Beats", a white label. Before Philip Brown set up Echo Logik Records, their first promo was "Bokadilo". Other songs, released on 12", included "Mustn't Grumble" and their most well-known, "Rollercoaster". After a year on Echo Logik they signed to the record label deConstruction, they insisted that they get a female singer and they recruited former Xpansions frontwoman Sally Ann Marsh, after some disappointing songs like "Let It Slide" the band fell apart. One of the last things Ariel did was the song "T Baby", remixed by the pair. In regards to the remix, Ed stated that "Ariel symbolically ended when Deconstruction asked us for a Dust Brothers remix of an Ariel track; that was the final nail in the coffin".
Tom would say in a TV interview from 1995: "One of the blokes went a bit mad, but now he's back at college, the other one drives our van". Rowlands and Simons started to DJ at a club called "Naked Under Leather" in the back of a pub in 1992, under the alias of "The 237 Turbo Nutters"; the pair would play hip hop and house. Rowlands and Simons called themselves The Dust Brothers, after the US production duo famous for their work with the Beastie Boys. After a while, they began to run out of suitable instrumental hip hop tracks to use, so they started to make their own. Using a Hitachi hi-fi system, a computer, a sampler, a keyboard, they recorded "Song to the Siren", which sampled This Mortal Coil. "Song to the Siren" was released on their own record label, called "Diamond Records". In October 1992, they pressed 500 white label copies and took them to various dance record shops around London, but none would play it, saying that it was too slow, they sent a copy to London DJ Andrew Weatherall. Weatherall signed the band to his Junior Boy's Own label.
In May 1993, Junior Boy's Own released "Song to the Siren". Around June 1993, the Dust Brothers did their first remixes; the first was "Packet of Peace" for Justin Robertson's Lionrock group, followed by songs from Leftfield and The Sandals. In 1993, The Dust Brothers completed work on their Fourteenth Century Sky EP, released in January 1994, it contained the ground-breaking "Chemical Beats", which epitomized the duo's genre-defining big beat sound. The EP contained "One Too Many Mornings", which for the first time showed the less intense, more chilled-out side of The Dust Brothers. Both "One Too Many Mornings" and "Chemical Beats" would appear on their debut album. Fourteenth Century Sky was followed in 1994 by the My Mercury Mouth EP. "Chemical Beats" was part of the soundtrack for the first edition of the Wipeout game series, having been featured in Wipeout for the PlayStation in 1995. In October 1994, The Dust Brothers became resident DJs at the small, but influential Heavenly Sunday Social Club at the Albany pub in London's Great Portland Street.
Noel Gallagher, Paul Weller, James Dean Bradfield, Tim Burgess were regular visitors. The Dust Brothers were subsequently asked to remix tracks by Manic Street Preachers and The Charlatans, plus Primal Scream's "Jailbird" and The