Olympiacos B. C. known as Olympiacos or Olympiacos Piraeus, is a Greek professional basketball club, part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus. The basketball club, founded in 1931, is one of the most successful clubs in European basketball, having won three EuroLeague Championships, one Triple Crown, one Intercontinental Cup, twelve Greek Championships and nine Greek Cups, they play their home matches at the Friendship Stadium. Olympiacos is a traditional powerhouse of the EuroLeague and besides their three European Championship titles, they have been five times EuroLeague runners-up and have participated, altogether, in ten EuroLeague Final Fours. From 2006 to 2015, Olympiacos qualified 10 times in a row for at least the quarter-finals of the EuroLeague, an all-time record in European basketball history at the time, shared with FC Barcelona, who made a new record in 2016; the first major achievement of Olympiacos in European competitions was their presence in the European Champions Cup semifinal group stage in 1979, but it was in the 1990s that Olympiacos made their biggest mark.
They reached the EuroLeague Final in two consecutive seasons, 1994 and 1995, being the first Greek club that played in a EuroLeague Final, they won their first EuroLeague title in 1997 after a convincing 73–58 win against FC Barcelona in the final, thus achieving the first Triple Crown for a Greek team. As European champions, Olympiacos played in the 1997 McDonald's Championship and reached the final of the tournament, where they met Michael Jordan's NBA champions, the Chicago Bulls, they dominated Greek basketball during the decade of the 90s, when the Greek Basket League was considered Europe's best national basketball league. Based on all those achievements, FIBA declared Olympiacos as the Best European Team of the 1990s. Olympiacos returned to the top of European basketball in 2010, when they reached the final against Barcelona in Paris, but in 2012, when they won their second EuroLeague title in Istanbul, by rallying from 19 points down in the championship game, to beat CSKA Moscow 62–61, on the last shot of the game, achieving the greatest comeback in European basketball finals history, one of the greatest seen in European continental basketball.
In 2013, Olympiacos won their third EuroLeague title and became the first and only Greek club, only the third club in European basketball history, to become back-to-back European champions in the modern Final Four era of the EuroLeague, after beating Real Madrid 100–88 in the final of the 2013 Euroleague Final Four in London. After winning back-to-back EuroLeague championships, Olympiacos won the Intercontinental Cup and celebrated a third international title in less than 2 years; some of the greatest players in European basketball have played for Olympiacos over the years including: Charlie Yelverton, Carey Scurry, Žarko Paspalj, Giorgos Sigalas, Dragan Tarlać, Walter Berry, Panagiotis Fasoulas, Roy Tarpley, Eddie Johnson, Alexander Volkov, David Rivers, Chris Welp, Artūras Karnišovas, Arijan Komazec, Dino Rađja, Theo Papaloukas, Alphonso Ford, Tyus Edney, Arvydas Macijauskas, Ioannis Bourousis, Miloš Teodosić, Nikola Vujčić, Josh Childress, Linas Kleiza, Rašho Nesterović, Kostas Papanikolaou, Kostas Sloukas, Kyle Hines, Joey Dorsey, Stratos Perperoglou, Acie Law, Georgios Printezis and Vassilis Spanoulis.
Under the ownership of billionaire Greek brothers Panagiotis Angelopoulos and Giorgos Angelopoulos, Olympiacos made a record transfer in 2008, by signing NBA player Josh Childress, whose US$20 million net income contract for three years made him the highest-paid basketball player in the world outside the NBA. The club had its beginnings in the 1930s. Olympiacos was the first Greek team to familiarize itself with American style basketball, as Alekos Spanoudakis learned to imitate the American style jump shot, his brother, Ioannis Spanoudakis, met basketball legend Bob Cousy, practiced many of his secrets and techniques on the court; the Spanoudakis brothers led the club to its first Greek League championship in 1949. The second title didn't come until 11 years in 1960, allowed the Reds for the first time to qualify for the European Champions Cup, their first participation at the European-wide level, it wasn't until 1976 that coach Faidon Matthaiou managed to create a strong team based on the stars Steve Giatzoglou, Giorgos Kastrinakis, Giorgos Barlas and on strong team players like Paul Melini and Pavlos Diakoulas.
Olympiacos would win another Greek title and it did so in unprecedented fashion, running off 22 victories in 22 games. Reds completed the first double in their history, winning the Greek Cup, while they did well in the Cup Winner's Cup as well, reaching the last 8; the next year, Kostas Mourouzis was appointed as head coach and the team won the Greek cup, after eliminating Panathinaikos with a record-setting 110–68 away win. Melini led Olympiacos with 24 points, while Kastrinakis scored 22. In 1978 the team did their second double in 3 years, winning both the Greek championship and their third Greek cup in a row, beating AEK 103–88 in the final. In 1979 the club had their first significant success in Europe, reaching the final round of the European Championship; the final round of that year was one of the toughest in the competition. Olympiacos finished 6th, winning only one game, the 79–77 h
The Olympiacos–A. E. K. Rivalry is a football local derby played between AEK Athens F. C. and Olympiacos. Both located in the Athens metropolitan area. A. E. K. comes from Nea Filadelfeia, a suburb of Athens, while Olympiacos from the port of Athens, Piraeus. The matches between the two teams are renowned for their strong on-pitch rivalry, they have high attendances, most of them are entertaining and competitive with many goals scored by both sides. Of the many players transferred between the two clubs no one has scored in the matches between them for both teams but Rafik Djebbour and Daniel Batista; the top scorers in the derby are Mimis Papaioannou for AEK with 14 goals and Predrag Đorđević for Olympiakos with 10 goals. Record Alpha Ethniki win Olympiacos Home: Olympiacos – AEK 6–0, Karaiskakis Stadium, 8 February 1981and Olympiacos – AEK 6–0, Karaiskakis Stadium, 20 March 2011 Away: AEK – Olympiacos 1–5, Nikos Goumas Stadium, 26 November 1972 AEK Home: AEK – Olympiacos 4–0, Athens Olympic Stadium, 30 March 2008 Away: Olympiacos – AEK 1–4, Karaiskakis Stadium, 3 December 1967 Record Cup win Olympiacos Home: Olympiacos – AEK 6–1, Athens Olympic Stadium, 24 January 2001 Away: AEK – Olympiacos 1–3, Nikos Goumas Stadium, 10 February 1988 AEK Home: AEK – Olympiacos 6–1, Nikos Goumas Stadium, 17 May 1978 Away: Olympiacos – AEK 1–3, Athens Olympic Stadium, 3 January 1996 Attendance records 74,465 AEK – Olympiacos 0–0, 9 February 1986 74,419 Olympiacos – AEK 2–2, 29 September 1985 72,153 Olympiacos – AEK 0–1, 30 December 1984 72,047 Olympiacos – AEK 2–2, 13 September 1987 1 The original match was played on 13–01–1991 at Nikos Goumas Stadium.
It was interrupted in the 84th minute due to tear gas use, while Olympiacos were leading by 1–2. A replay was decided. 2 The original match was played on 24–10–1993. It was interrupted in the 85th minute due to a power cut at Nikos Goumas Stadium, while the score was 1–1. A replay was decided. 1st place play-off match 1 Olympiacos didn't show up in the match, so AEK was declared winner and was awarded the Championship by the Greek F. A. 1 Match suspended at 40th minute. AEK were awarded a 0–2 win.2 Olympiacos didn't show up in the final, so AEK was declared winner and was awarded the cup by the Greek F. A. 3 Match suspended at 69th minute. Olympiacos were awarded a 0–2 win. 4 Match suspended at 90th minute. Olympiacos were awarded a 0–3 win. • Total: Olympiacos 39 times higher, AEK 20 times higher. Takis Nikoloudis returned to AEK in 1982 after joining Olympiacos for 3 years. Daniel Batista returned to AEK in 1995 after joining Olympiacos for 3 years. Grigoris Georgatos returned to Olympiacos in 2003 after joining AEK for 1 year.
Rafik Djebbour returned to AEK in 2015 after joining Olympiacos for 2 years. In Greek in Greek
Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, breaststroke and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers; the order for a medley relay is: backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques. There are regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are multiple health benefits associated with the sport. Evidence of recreational swimming in prehistoric times has been found, with the earliest evidence dating to Stone Age paintings from around 10,000 years ago.
Written references date from 2000 BC, with some of the earliest references to swimming including the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Bible, the Quran and others. In 1538, Nikolaus Wynmann, a Swiss professor of languages, wrote the first book about swimming, The Swimmer or A Dialogue on the Art of Swimming. Swimming emerged as a competitive recreational activity in the 1830s in England. In 1828, the first indoor swimming pool, St George's Baths was opened to the public. By 1837, the National Swimming Society was holding regular swimming competitions in six artificial swimming pools, built around London; the recreational activity grew in popularity and by 1880, when the first national governing body, the Amateur Swimming Association was formed, there were over 300 regional clubs in operation across the country. In 1844 two Native American participants at a swimming competition in London introduced the front crawl to a European audience. Sir John Arthur Trudgen picked up the hand-over stroke from some South American natives and debuted the new stroke in 1873, winning a local competition in England.
His stroke is still regarded as the most powerful to use today. Captain Matthew Webb was the first man to swim the English Channel, in 1875. Using the breaststroke technique, he swam the channel 21.26 miles in 45 minutes. His feat was not replicated or surpassed for the next 36 years, until T. W. Burgess made the crossing in 1911. Other European countries established swimming federations; the first European amateur swimming competitions were in 1889 in Vienna. The world's first women's swimming championship was held in Scotland in 1892. Men's swimming became part of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens. In 1902, the Australian Richmond Cavill introduced freestyle to the Western world. In 1908, the world swimming association, Fédération Internationale de Natation, was formed. Women's swimming was introduced into the Olympics in 1912. Butterfly was developed in the 1930s and was at first a variant of breaststroke, until it was accepted as a separate style in 1952. Competitive swimming became popular in the 19th century.
The goal of high level competitive swimming is to break personal or world records while beating competitors in any given event. Swimming in competition should create the least resistance in order to obtain maximum speed. However, some professional swimmers who do not hold a national or world ranking are considered the best in regard to their technical skills. An athlete goes through a cycle of training in which the body is overloaded with work in the beginning and middle segments of the cycle, the workload is decreased in the final stage as the swimmer approaches competition; the practice of reducing exercise in the days just before an important competition is called tapering. Tapering is used to give the swimmer's body some rest without stopping exercise completely. A final stage is referred to as "shave and taper": the swimmer shaves off all exposed hair for the sake of reducing drag and having a sleeker and more hydrodynamic feel in the water. Additionally, the "shave and taper" method refers to the removal of the top layer of "dead skin", which exposes the newer and richer skin underneath.
This helps to "shave" off mere milliseconds on your time. Swimming is an event at the Summer Olympic Games, where male and female athletes compete in 16 of the recognized events each. Olympic events are held in a 50-meter pool, called a long course pool. There are forty recognized individual swimming events in the pool; the international governing body for competitive swimming is the Fédération Internationale de Natation, better known as FINA. In open water swimming, where the events are swum in a body of open water, there are 5 km, 10 km and 25 km events for men and women. However, only the 10 km event is included in the Olympic schedule, again for both women. Open-water competitions are separate to other swimming competitions with the exception of the World Championships and the Olympics. In competitive swimming, four major styles have been established; these have been stable over the last 30–40 years with minor improvements. They are: Butterfly Backstroke
Olympiacos CFP (men's water polo)
Olympiacos Men's Waterpolo referred to as Olympiacos, Olympiacos Piraeus or with its full name as Olympiacos CFP, is the men's water polo department of the major Greek multi-sport club, Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus, Athens. The department was founded in 1925, one of the founding members of the Hellenic Swimming Federation, their home ground is the Papastrateio Hall in Piraeus. Olympiacos is one of the most successful teams in Europe and a traditional powerhouse of continental water polo, having won 2 LEN Champions Leagues, 1 LEN Super Cup and 2 Triple Crowns, the only Greek club to have been crowned European Champions, they have been five times runners-up, two in the LEN Champions League, two in the LEN Cup Winners' Cup and one more in the LEN Super Cup. In 2001–02, Olympiacos became the first club in waterpolo history to win all four competitions they claimed, completing a Continental Quadruple, they won their second Continental Quadruple in 2017–18 season. After the 2014–15 LEN Euro League win of the women's department, parent club Olympiacos CFP became the second sports club in continental waterpolo history to have been crowned European Champions with both its men's and women's teams.
Domestically, Olympiacos is the most titled club in Greek water polo history, as the club's 55 domestic titles are the most out of any Greek club. They have won a record 20 Cups, a record 3 Super Cups and a record 16 Doubles, they are the dominant force since 1992, having set a number of records including an ongoing winning streak in both the Greek League's regular season and play-offs since May 2013. The men's waterpolo department receives great support from the club's large fanbase, as Olympiacos is the most popular sports club in Greece; some of the greatest players in European water polo have played for Olympiacos over the years including: Thodoris Chatzitheodorou, Josip Pavić, Petar Trbojević, Andro Bušlje, Paulo Obradović, Slobodan Nikić, Giannis Fountoulis, Konstantinos Mourikis, Teo Đogaš, Mlađan Janović, Nikola Rađen, Makis Voltirakis, Antonis Vlontakis, Nikos Deligiannis, Thodoris Kalakonas, Themis Chatzis, Giannis Thomakos, Giorgos Psychos, Sakis Platanitis, Dimitris Kravaritis, Vangelis Delakas, Manolis Mylonakis, Tasos Schizas, Giorgos Afroudakis, Christos Afroudakis, Giorgos Ntoskas, Kyriakos Giannopoulos, Nikos Venetopoulos, Chris Humbert, Gavin Arroyo, Jesse Smith, Andrija Komadina, Blai Mallarach, Christodoulos Kolomvos, Angelos Vlachopoulos, Dimitris Mazis, Alexandros Gounas, Giorgos Dervisis and Konstantinos Genidounias.
Such players, under the guidance of world-class coaches like Nikola Stamenić, Zoltán Kásás, Boris Popov, Dragan Matutinović, Mile Nakić and Thodoris Vlachos have made Olympiacos one of the most successful teams in European water polo the last 25 years. Olympiacos men's water polo team was founded in 1925, being one of the first sports departments of Olympiacos CFP, founded right after the Football team. In 1927 Olympiacos won the first League title in its history, by defeating Ethnikos Piraeus by a 3–2 scoreline in the final, with players like Nikolaos Kaloudis, Nikolaos Baltatzis - Mavrokordatos, Emmanouil Baltatzis - Mavrokordatos, Ioannis Papadakis, Andreas Athanasianos, Siadimas and Kordopatis. In 1933 Olympiacos secured their second League title, after a 4–2 win against Ethnikos in the final, with players such as Andreas Kourachanis, Nikolaos Baltatzis - Mavrokordatos, Takis Provatopoulos, Ioannis Papadakis, Ioannis Isigonis, Andreas Athanasianos and Kivotos. Provatopoulos scored Athanasianos one.
The next season the Red-Whites won a back-to-back League title, by defeating Ethnikos once again with ths same 4–2 scoreline in the final. The goals were scored by Provatopoulos, Leonidas Isigonis. In 1936 the team secured their fourth Greek Water Polo League title, this time by defeating K. O. Piraeus with 5–1 in the final. On 28 October 1940, Fascist Italy invaded Greece, several Olympiacos players joined the Hellenic Armed Forces to fight against the Axis invaders in World War II. Olympiacos water polo goalkeeper and swimming champion Andreas Kourachanis, was killed in a battle against the Italians. Hellenic Navy Ensign Takis Kontaratos, both an Olympiacos water polo player and a midfielder of Olympiacos F. C. as well, was one of the 72 Greek soldiers who were killed in the sinking of Greek destroyer Vasilissa Olga by Junkers Ju 88 bombers of LG 1 of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe in Lakki harbor of Leros on the morning of 26 September 1943. After the war, Olympiacos created a strong team that won 4 Greek League titles from 1947 to 1952.
The 1949 title was won by players like Takis Provatopoulos, Alekos Monastiriotis, Manolis Papadopoulos, Leonidas Alexiou, Christos Oikonomou, Kleoudis, Maragoudakis and Chalas, after a 3–1 win against Ethnikos Piraeus. In 1951 under the guidance of coach Christos Svolopoulos and players like Takis Provatopoulos, Alekos Monastiriotis, Manolis Papadopoulos, Nikos Teleionis, Babis Gerakarakis, Vasilis Ontrias and Asimakis secured the Greek League title after a 6–2 against N. O Mitilinis in the final; the next season, they won their 4th title in 6 years with key players such as Alekos Monastiriotis, Leonidas Alexiou, Nikos Teleionis, Babis Gerakarakis, Nikos Bistis, Vasilis Ontrias and Asimakis. In 1969, a
Piraeus is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece. Piraeus is located within the Athens urban area, 12 kilometres southwest from its city centre, lies along the east coast of the Saronic Gulf. According to the 2011 census, Piraeus had a population of 163,688 people within its administrative limits, making it the fourth largest municipality in Greece and the second largest within the urban area of the Greek capital, following the municipality of Athens; the municipality of Piraeus and several other suburban municipalities within the regional unit of Piraeus form the greater Piraeus area, with a total population of 448,997. Piraeus has a long recorded history, dating to ancient Greece; the city was developed in the early 5th century BC, when it was selected to serve as the port city of classical Athens and was transformed into a prototype harbour, concentrating all the import and transit trade of Athens. During the Golden Age of Athens the Long Walls were constructed to fortify its port, it became the chief harbour of ancient Greece, but declined after the 4th century AD, growing once more in the 19th century, after Athens' declaration as the capital of Greece.
In the modern era, Piraeus is a large city, bustling with activity and an integral part of Athens, acting as home to the country's biggest harbour and bearing all the characteristics of a huge marine and commercial-industrial centre. The port of Piraeus is the chief port in Greece, the largest passenger port in Europe and the second largest in the world, servicing about 20 million passengers annually. With a throughput of 1.4 million TEUs, Piraeus is placed among the top ten ports in container traffic in Europe and the top container port in the Eastern Mediterranean. The city hosted events in both the 1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics held in Athens; the University of Piraeus is one of the largest universities in Greece. Piraeus, which means'the place over the passage', has been inhabited since the 26th century BC. In prehistoric times, Piraeus was a rocky island consisting of the steep hill of Munichia, modern-day Kastella, was connected to the mainland by a low-lying stretch of land, flooded with sea water most of the year, used as a salt field whenever it dried up.
It was called the Halipedon, meaning the'salt field', its muddy soil made it a tricky passage. Through the centuries, the area was silted and flooding ceased, thus by early classical times the land passage was made safe. In ancient Greece, Piraeus assumed its importance with its three deep water harbours, the main port of Cantharus and the two smaller of Zea and Munichia, replaced the older and shallow Phaleron harbour, which fell into disuse. In the late 6th century BC, the area caught attention due to its advantages. In 511 BC, the hill of Munichia was fortified by Hippias and four years Piraeus became a deme of Athens by Cleisthenes. According to the ancient Greek historian Thucydides, in 493 BC, Themistocles initiated the fortification works in Piraeus and advised the Athenians to take advantage of its natural harbours' strategic potential instead of using the sandy bay of Phaleron. In 483 BC, a new silver vein was discovered in Laurion mines, utilized to fund the construction of 200 triremes, the Athenian fleet, transferred to Piraeus and was built in its shipyards.
The Athenian fleet played a crucial role in the battle of Salamis against the Persians in 480 BC. From on Piraeus was permanently used as the navy base. After the second Persian invasion of Greece, Themistocles fortified the three harbours of Piraeus and created the neosoikoi; the city's fortification was farther reinforced by the construction of the Long Walls under Cimon and Pericles, with which secure port's route to Athens main city. Meanwhile, Piraeus was rebuilt to the famous grid plan of architect Hippodamus of Miletus, known as the Hippodamian plan, the main agora of the city was named after him in honour; as a result, Piraeus flourished and became a port of high security and great commercial activity, a city bustling with life. During the Peloponnesian War, Piraeus suffered its first setback. In the second year of the war, the first cases of the Athens plague were recorded in Piraeus. In 429 the Spartans ravaged Salamis as part of an abortive attack on the Piraeus, when the Athenians responded by sending a fleet to investigate, the Spartan alliance forces fled.
In 404 BC, the Spartan fleet under Lysander blockaded Piraeus and subsequently Athens surrendered to the Spartans, putting an end to the Delian League and the war itself. Piraeus would follow the fate of Athens and was to bear the brunt of the Spartans' rage, as the city's walls and the Long Walls were torn down; as a result, the tattered and unfortified port city was not able to compete with prosperous Rhodes, which controlled commerce. In 403 BC, Munichia was seized by Thrasybulus and the exiles from Phyle, in the battle of Munichia, where the Phyleans defeated the Thirty Tyrants of Athens, but in the following battle of Piraeus the exiles were defeated by Spartan forces. After the reinstatement of democracy, Conon rebuilt the walls in 393 BC, founded the temple of Aphrodite Euploia and the sanctuary of Zeus Sotiros and Athena, built the famous Skeuotheke of Philon, the ruins of which have been discovered at Zea harbour; the reconstruction of Piraeus went on
Olympiacos Sindesmos Filathlon Pireos is a major multi-sport club based in Piraeus, Greece. Olympiacos is parent to a number of different competitive departments including Football, Volleyball, Water Polo, Athletics, Swimming and Table Tennis amongst many others, which have won numerous European and domestic titles over the club's history. Olympiacos CFP is one of the most successful and decorated multi-sport clubs in Europe, being the only Greek club, as well as one of the few European multi-sport clubs to have won as much as 15 International titles –including 13 major European titles, 1 Intercontinental title and 1 Balkan title– in five sports. Overall, Olympiacos is the most successful Greek multi-sport club in terms of International titles won, European titles won, participations in European and International finals and the only Greek multi-sport club to have won European titles in different team sports, they have won European titles with six of their sports departments, while no other multi-sport club in Greece has more than two European title-winning sports departments.
With the Balkans Cup won by Olympiacos Football Team in 1963, the Red-Whites became the first Greek club to win an international competition in any sport. Olympiacos Football Team has won 1 Balkans Cup, Olympiacos Men's Basketball Team have won 3 Euroleagues and 1 FIBA Intercontinental Cup, Olympiacos Men's Volleyball Team have won 2 CEV Cups, Olympiacos Women's Volleyball Team have won 1 CEV Challenge Cup, Olympiacos Men's Water Polo Team have won 2 LEN Champions Leagues, 1 LEN Super Cup, Olympiacos Women's Water Polo Team have won 1 LEN Euroleague, 1 LEN Super Cup and 1 LEN Trophy and Olympiacos Men's Wrestling Team has won 1 European Cela Cup. In total, Olympiacos departments have reached 36 times the final of the most prestigious and important European and Worldwide competitions, an all-time record for a Greek multi-sport club; the club has won the Triple Crown in Men's Basketball in 1997, two Quadruple Crowns in 2002 and 2018 in Men's Water Polo, the continental Treble in Women's Water Polo in 2015, as well as a continental Treble in Women's Volleyball in 2018.
With the 2002 achievement, Olympiacos Men's Water Polo Team became the first club in Water polo history to win four out of four competitions in a single year, thus completing the quadruple. After the 2015 LEN Euroleague win of Olympiacos Women's Water Polo Team, Olympiacos CFP became the only multi-sport club in European Water Polo history after Pro Recco to have been crowned European Champions with both its men's and women's departments, the only one with both its departments active. A similar impressive feat was achieved by Olympiacos CFP in another team sport in 2018: after the 2017–18 CEV Women's Challenge Cup win of Olympiacos Women's Volleyball department, Olympiacos CFP become the only multi-sport club in Greece and one of the few in European volleyball history to have won European titles with both its men's and women's departments. Olympiacos Men's Basketball Team won their third Euroleague title in 2013 and became the first and only Greek club, only the third club in European basketball history, to become back-to-back European champions in the modern Final Four era of the Euroleague, after beating Real Madrid 100–88 in the final of the 2012–13 Euroleague Final Four in London.
Olympiacos CFP has nurtured some of the greatest Greek athletes. Olympiacos' athletes have become Olympic medal winners, as well as World and European champions, while they are chosen to be part of the Greek national teams; the club maintains Academies with state of the art training facilities, where thousands of children have the opportunity to practice and learn the secrets of sports. Overall, Olympiacos CFP have granted Greek sports and the club itself numerous Olympic and European honours. Olympiacos had 30 of its athletes and coaches from nine of its sports departments participating in the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio. Olympiacos is the most popular Greek club with around four million fans inside Greece and millions of others in the Greek communities all over the world; as of April 2006, Olympiacos has 83,000 registered members and it's placed in the top ten of the clubs with the most paying members in the world, holding the ninth place just ahead of Real Madrid. In 2014, that figure increased and the team boasts 98,000 registered members.
Olympiacos CFP was the first Greek club that made it possible for its fans to become members, granted them the right of voting for the board of directors. Olympiacos CFP was founded on March 10, 1925 in Piraeus, as a football club and the club's aim, as stated in the statutes, is the systematic cultivation and development of its athletes’ possibilities for particip
Diving is the sport of jumping or falling into water from a platform or springboard while performing acrobatics. Diving is an internationally recognized sport, part of the Olympic Games. In addition and non-competitive diving is a recreational pastime. Diving is one of the most popular Olympic sports with spectators. Competitors possess many of the same characteristics as gymnasts and dancers, including strength, kinaesthetic judgment and air awareness; some professional divers were gymnasts or dancers as both the sports have similar characteristics to diving. Dmitri Sautin holds the record for most Olympic diving medals won, by winning eight medals in total between 1992 and 2008. Although diving has been a popular pastime across the world since ancient times, the first modern diving competitions were held in England in the 1880s; the exact origins of the sport are unclear, though it derives from the act of diving at the start of swimming races. The 1904 book Swimming by Ralph Thomas notes English reports of plunging records dating back to at least 1865.
The 1877 edition to British Rural Sports by John Henry Walsh makes note of a "Mr. Young" plunging 56 feet in 1870, states that 25 years prior, a swimmer named Drake could cover 53 feet; the English Amateur Swimming Association first started a "plunging championship" in 1883. The Plunging Championship was discontinued in 1937. Diving into a body of water had been a method used by gymnasts in Germany and Sweden since the early 19th century; the soft landing allowed for more elaborate gymnastic feats in midair as the jump could be made from a greater height. This tradition evolved into'fancy diving', while diving as a preliminary to swimming became known as'Plain diving'. In England, the practice of high diving – diving from a great height – gained popularity; the event consisted of running dives from either 15 or 30 feet. It was at this event that the Swedish tradition of fancy diving was introduced to the sport by the athletes Otto Hagborg and C F Mauritzi, they demonstrated their acrobatic techniques from the 10m diving board at Highgate Pond and stimulated the establishment of the Amateur Diving Association in 1901, the first organization devoted to diving in the world.
Fancy diving was formally introduced into the championship in 1903. Plain diving was first introduced into the Olympics at the 1904 event; the 1908 Olympics in London added'fancy diving' and introduced elastic boards rather than fixed platforms. Women were first allowed to participate in the diving events for the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm. In the 1928 Olympics,'plain' and'fancy' diving was amalgamated into one event –'Highboard Diving'; the diving event was first held indoors in the Empire Pool for the 1934 British Empire Games and 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Most diving competitions consist of three disciplines: 1 m and 3 m springboards, the platform. Competitive athletes are divided by gender, by age group. In platform events, competitors are allowed to perform their dives on either the five, seven and a half, nine, or ten meter towers. In major diving meets, including the Olympic Games and the World Championships, platform diving is from the 10 meter height. Divers have to perform a set number of dives according to established requirements, including somersaults and twists.
Divers are judged on whether and how well they completed all aspects of the dive, the conformance of their body to the requirements of the dive, the amount of splash created by their entry to the water. A possible score out of ten is broken down into three points for the takeoff, three for the flight, three for the entry, with one more available to give the judges flexibility; the raw score is multiplied by a degree of difficulty factor, derived from the number and combination of movements attempted. The diver with the highest total score. Synchronized diving was adopted as an Olympic sport in 2000. Two divers perform dives simultaneously; the dives are identical. It used to be possible to dive opposites known as a pinwheel, but this is no longer part of competitive synchronized diving. For example, one diver would perform a forward dive and the other an inward dive in the same position, or one would do a reverse and the other a back movement. In these events, the diving would be judged both on the quality of execution and the synchronicity – in timing of take-off and entry and forward travel.
There are rules governing the scoring of a dive. A score considers three elements of the dive: the approach, the flight, the entry; the primary factors affecting the scoring are: if a hand-stand is required, the length of time and quality of the hold the height of the diver at the apex of the dive, with extra height resulting in a higher score the distance of the diver from the diving apparatus throughout the dive the properly defined body position of the diver according to the dive being performed, including pointed toes and feet touching at all times the proper amounts of rotation and revolution upon completion of the dive and entry into the water angle of entry – a diver should enter the water straight, without any angle. Am