FC Red Bull Salzburg
FC Red Bull Salzburg is an Austrian association football club, based in Wals-Siezenheim. Their home ground is the Red Bull Arena, due to sponsorship restrictions, the club is known as FC Salzburg and wears a modified crest when playing in UEFA competitions. The change resulted in some of the teams fans forming a new club, the team currently has 10 league titles to its name, and four Austrian Cups, all of which came as doubles. FC Red Bull Salzburg was founded on 13 September 1933 as SV Austria Salzburg, in 1950, the club was dissolved but re-founded later the same year. It reached the Austrian top flight in 1953, and finished 9th of 14 clubs in its first season there, vienna-born Erich Probst was Salzburgs first-ever international, earning the last of his 19 Austrian caps on 27 March 1960. Adolf Macek, who made the first of his four appearances on 9 October 1965, was the clubs first local player to earn a cap for Austria. Salzburg were top-flight runners-up for the first time in the 1970–71 season, the clubs first-ever European campaign was in the 1971-72 UEFA Cup, and it was eliminated 5–4 on aggregate by Romanian club UTA despite a 3–1 home victory in the second leg. In 1974, Salzburg reached the Austrian Cup final for the first time, in 1978, the official name was changed to SV Casino Salzburg and in 1997, to SV Wüstenrot Salzburg, due to a sponsorship deal with an Austrian financial services corporation. The team often remained referred to as SV Austria Salzburg, during the Casino era, Salzburg reached their first and so far only European final, the 1994 UEFA Cup Final, where they lost both legs 1–0 to Italian club Inter Milan. That same season, Salzburg won their first Bundesliga title, beating Austria Vienna by 51 points to 49, the title was retained the following season as Salzburg beat Sturm Graz on goal difference. The 1995–96 season saw a drop to eighth place, one above a relegation play-off, Salzburgs inaugural UEFA Champions League campaign in 1994–95 saw them reach the group stage by beating Israels Maccabi Haifa 5–2 on aggregate. They were drawn into Group D with holders and eventual finalists AC Milan and eventual winners Ajax Amsterdam, despite drawing both matches with Ajax, Salzburg picked up a solitary 3–1 win away in Athens and were eliminated in third place. The club moved to its current stadium in 2003, the Red Bull company bought the club on 6 April 2005 and rebranded it. After the takeover, Red Bull changed the name, management. Red Bull initially claimed on the website that the club was founded in 2005. The new authority removed all trace of violet from the club logo, a small pair of wings form the motif of the new club crest, displayed on the team jersey, in accordance with Red Bulls commercial slogan at the time, gives you wings. This complete re-branding of the team proved very similar to Red Bulls treatment of its two Formula One racing teams, Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso, the traditional supporters tried to resist the radical changes and formed their own movement in order to regain some of the tradition. Several fan-clubs throughout Europe voiced their support in what they saw as a fight against the growing commercialisation of football, however, after five months of protests and talks between the club owners and traditional fans, no compromise was reached
Rishon LeZion is the fourth-largest city in Israel, located along the central Israeli coastal plain 8 km south of Tel Aviv. It is part of the Gush Dan metropolitan area, founded in 1882 by Jewish immigrants from Russian Empire, it was the second Jewish farm settlement established in The land of Israel in the 19th century, after Petah Tikva. In 2015 it had a population of 243,973, the name Rishon LeZion is derived from a biblical verse, First to Zion are they, and I shall give herald to Jerusalem and literally translates as First to Zion. Rishon LeZion was founded on July 31,1882, by ten Hovevei Zion pioneers from Kharkiv, reuven Yudalevich was also a member of the group. The pioneers purchased 835 acres of land southeast of present-day Tel Aviv, Ayun Kara was the scene of a bloody battle between Turkish and New Zealand troops on November 14,1917. Local citizens carried the wounded to a hospital in Rishon, a stone cenotaph was erected by the people of Rishon LeZion to the memory of the New Zealanders who fell that day, but it has since been destroyed. The soil was sandy, water was scarce and the settlers had no agricultural experience, after a well was dug and more pioneers arrived – the Biluim – the colony slowly took shape. Notable members of this group include Fani Belkind, Israel Belkind, Shimshon Belkind, Yoel Drubin, Dr. Haim Hissin, when Baron Edmond James de Rothschild took over, sending in his administrators, major progress was made in the spheres of agriculture, citrus and viticulture. Under Rothschilds patronage, the Carmel-Mizrahi Winery was established in 1886, David Ben-Gurion was head of workers union at the winery before later becoming Israels first Prime Minister. The first Hebrew school in the country opened in Rishon LeZion in 1886. Dov Lubman Haviv taught there, eliezer Ben-Yehuda, known as the father of modern Hebrew, was a teacher in Rishon LeZion. In 1890, Rishon LeZion had a population of 359, five years later, the figure had risen to 380, and by 1900, to 526. In 1911,4,000 dunams of land in Rishon LeZion were planted with grapes and 254 dunams with other fruit orchards, development was hindered by the lack of a water source. Baron Rothschild brought in experts who located water at 42 meters below ground, the groundwater table in the area was found to be uneven and wells were mostly constructed at between 20 and 25 meters in depth. Orchards were then developed around the settlement, and by the late 1920s the city developed a citrus industry. In 1924 the British Army contracted the Palestine Electric Company for wired electric power, the contract allowed the Electric Company to extend the grid beyond the original geographical limits that had been projected by the concession it was given. Rishon was declared a city in 1950, by 1983 it had a population of 103,000. In 2006,222,300 people were living in the city, by 2020, the population is expected to reach 315,000. In 2007, the Rishon LeZion Municipality was awarded the Ministry of Interior Prize for Proper Management, the city may in the future host a new international airport, which will replace Ben-Gurion International Airport and Sde Dov Airport
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing teams goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards normally score more goals on behalf of their team than other players, modern team formations generally include one to three forwards, for example, the common 4–2–3–1 formation includes one forward. Unconventional formations may include more than three forwards, or none, the centre-forward is often a tall player, typically known as a target man, whose main function is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the strikers or central attacking midfielders. The present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder, a centre-forward usually must be strong, to win key headers and outmuscle defenders. The term centre-forward is taken from the football playing formation in which there were five forward players. The number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. Strikers are known for their ability to peel off defenders and to run into space via the side of the defender and to receive the ball in a good goalscoring position. They are typically fast players with ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short burst speed, a good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, and have the ability to pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. Deep-lying forwards have a history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years. Originally such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards, in fact, a coined term, the nine-and-a-half, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. In Italy, this role is known as a rifinitore or seconda punta, whereas in Brazil, it is known as segundo atacante. An outside forward plays as the forward on the right or left wing – as an outside right or outside left. As football tactics have largely developed, and wingers have dropped back to become midfielders, many commentators and football analysts still refer to the wing positions as outside right and outside left. However, in the British game they are counted as part of the midfield. It is a duty to beat opposing full-backs, deliver cut-backs or crosses from wide positions and, to a lesser extent, to beat defenders. They are usually some of the quickest players in the team, in their Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese usage, the defensive duties of the winger have been usually confined to pressing the opposition fullbacks when they have the ball
Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C.
Hapoel Tel-Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Tel Aviv. The club currently competes in the Israeli Premier League and plays its matches at the Bloomfield Stadium. To date, the club has won thirteen championships and sixteen State Cups, in 1967 Hapoel Tel Aviv became the first club to win the Asian Club Championships. It is also one of only 3 Israeli teams to have qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage, the club name, Hapoel, translates to The Worker, and combined with its red Hammer and sickle crest represents the club ties to Socialism and working class. For seven decades, the club was owned by Israeli largest trade union, Hapoel Tel Aviv F. C. was originally established in 1923, but was disbanded soon after. The club was re-formed in 1925, and then for a time in May 1926. In 1927 the club merged with Allenby F. C. giving the club its modern form and it is part of the Hapoel sports association which was affiliated with the Histadrut trade union, and supporters of the club were often referred to as communists. In 1928 the club reached the Palestine Cup final, although they beat Maccabi Hasmonean Jerusalem 2–0, Hapoel fielded an ineligible player, resulting in the cup being shared. The 1934–35 season saw Hapoel led the table, but the championship was abandoned. The 1937–38 season ended the way, with Hapoel top of the league. In the meantime, the won the cup again in 1937,1938 and 1939. In 1939–40 they won their second championship, the following season no national championships were held, but the club won the tournament for Hapoel-affiliated clubs. Following Israeli independence, Hapoel joined the new Israeli League and they won the title in 1956–57 and the State Cup in 1961, beating Hapoel Petah Tikva 2–1. In the 1965–66 season Hapoel won the title, and qualified for the first Asian Club Championships, in the tournament Hapoel were given byes all the way to the final, where they beat Selangor 2–1 to become Asias first club champions. The club also reached the State Cup final that year, Hapoel won the title again in 1968–69, and again qualified for the Asian Club championships. Although they reached the final, they lost 2–1 to Iranian side Taj Club, the following season they reached the cup final again, but lost 1–0 to Hapoel Yehud. A hat-trick of cup final defeats was avoided when they beat Maccabi Tel Aviv 3–2 in the 1982 final, another title was won in 1985–86, and another in 1987–88. However, the following season Hapoel finished bottom of the league and were relegated to the second tier for the first time in their history
Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C.
Maccabi Petah Tikva F. C. is an Israeli football club based in the city of Petah Tikva. It is part of the Maccabi sports club and currently plays in the Israeli Premier League. In 1921, after the death of founder member Avshalom Gisin during the 1921 Palestine riots, the club added his name to the name. In 1927 the club moved to the Maccabi Petah Tikva Ground, in 1935 they won their first piece of silverware, beating Hakoah Tel Aviv 1–0 in the cup final. In 1939 they reached the final again, but lost 2–1 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, the following year they won the Haaretz tournament. The club was included in the new Israeli League in 1949, in the next season they finished as runners-up to champions Maccabi Tel Aviv and also won the State Cup, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 1–0. In 1953–54 they also finished second with Eliezer Spiegel finishing as the top goalscorer on 16 goals from 22 matches. After several seasons of mid-table finishes, Maccabi finished bottom of the table in 1962–63 and were due to be relegated to Liga Alef, however, the Israel Football Association decided to expand the league from 12 to 15 clubs and they were spared demotion. However, the club was relegated at the end of the 1965–66 season after finishing second from bottom, after two seasons in Liga Alef the club returned to the top division in 1969. At the end of the 1970–71 season the club was relegated again after finishing second from bottom, although Maccabi finished bottom in 1974–75, they were again reprieved from relegation due to league expansion. However, after a performance in 1976–77 they did go down. After making another return to the top flight, the club maintained several mid-table finishes. In 1990 and 1991 the club won the Liga Artzit Toto Cup and they returned to the top division in 1991 and have remained there since. In 1995 the club won the top divisions Toto Cup for the first time, in 2001 the club reached the cup final for the first time in 49 years, losing 3–0 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 2003–04 they finished third, qualifying for the UEFA Cup, however, the home leg of their third qualifying round tie against SC Heerenveen was cancelled by UEFA due to a baggage handlers strike, and they lost the away leg 5–0. In 2004–05 the club finished second in the league and qualified for the UEFA Cup again and this time they were more successful, beating Macedonian side FK Baskimi 11–0 on aggregate, before knocking out Partizan Belgrade. However, in the stage they finished bottom having lost all four matches. As of 1 February 201604 – Morad Megamadov, Center back, the club played at the Maccabi Petah Tikva ground between 1926 and the 1970s
FK Austria Wien
Fußballklub Austria Wien, is an Austrian association football club from the capital city of Vienna. It has won 24 Austrian Bundesliga titles, surpassed only by cross-city rival Rapid Wien and these two clubs are the only sides that have never been relegated from the Austrian top flight. With 27 victories in the Austrian Cup and six in the Austrian Supercup, the club reached the UEFA Cup Winners Cup final in 1978, and the semi-finals of the European Cup the season after. The club plays at the Franz Horr Stadium, known as the Generali Arena since a 2010 naming rights deal with an Italian insurance company, FK Austria Wien has its roots in Wiener Cricketer established on 20 October 1910 in Vienna. The club was renamed Wiener Amateur-SV in December of that year, the team claimed its first championship title in 1924. Wiener Amateur changed its name to Austria Wien in 1926 as the amateurs had become professionals, the club won its second league title that year. The 1930s, one of Austria Wiens most successful eras, brought two titles in the Mitropa Cup, a tournament for champions in Central Europe, the star of that side was forward Matthias Sindelar, who was voted in 1998 as the greatest Austrian footballer. The clubs success was interrupted by the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938, while Jewish players and staff at the club were killed or fled the country, Sindelar died under unresolved circumstances on 23 January 1939 of carbon monoxide poisoning in his apartment. He had refused to play for the combined Germany-Austria national team, citing injury, the club was part of the top-flight regional Gauliga Ostmark in German competition from 1938–45, but never finished higher than fourth. They took part in play for the Tschammerpokal, predecessor to the modern-day DFB-Pokal in 1938 and 1941, Austria Wien won its first league title for 23 years in 1949, and retained it the following year. It later won a title, in 1953. The club won 16 titles in 33 seasons between 1960 and 1993, starting with a hat-trick of titles, forward Ernst Ocwirk, who played in five league title-winning sides in two separate spells at the club, managed the side to 1969 and 1970 Bundesliga titles. Other players of this era included Horst Nemec, the results of the joint team are part of the Austria Wien football history. The 1970s saw the beginning of another era, despite no league title between 1970 and 1976 as an aging squad was rebuilt. Eight league titles in the 11 seasons from 1975–76 to 1985–86 reasserted its dominance, after winning the 1977 Austrian Cup national Cup, Austria Wien reached the 1978 European Cup Winners Cup Final, which it lost 4–0 to Belgian club Anderlecht. The following season, the reached the semi-finals of the European Cup. In 1982–83, Austria Wien reached the semi-finals of the Cup Winners Cup, at the start of the 1990s, Austria Wien enjoyed its most recent period of sustained success, a hat-trick of Bundesliga titles, three cup titles, and four Super cup titles. The club declined in the late 1990s due to problems which caused key players to be sold
RasenBallsport Leipzig e. V. commonly known as RB Leipzig, is a German association football club based in Leipzig, Saxony. Mens professional football is run by the spin-off organization RasenballSport Leipzig GmbH, RB Leipzig plays its home matches at the Red Bull Arena. In its inaugural season in 2009–10, RB Leipzig dominated the NOFV-Oberliga Süd and was promoted as champions to the Regionalliga Nord, RB Leipzig won the 2012–13 Regionalliga Nordost season without conceding a single defeat and was promoted to the 3. Liga, then finished the 2013–143, liga season as runner-up and was promoted to the 2. Bundesliga as the first team since the introduction of the 3, liga to win promotion after only one season. On 8 May 2016, Leipzig ensured promotion to the Bundesliga for the 2016–17 season with a 2–0 defeat of Karlsruher SC. Before investing in Leipzig, Red Bull GmbH, led by co-owner Dietrich Mateschitz, besides Leipzig, the company also considered a location in West Germany and explored cities such as Hamburg, Munich and Düsseldorf. The company made its first attempt to enter the German football scene in 2006, by advice from Franz Beckenbauer, a personal friend of Dietrich Mateschitz, the company decided to invest in Leipzig. The local football club FC Sachsen Leipzig, successor to the former East German champion BSG Chemie Leipzig, had for years been in financial difficulties, Red Bull GmbH drew up plans to invest up to 50 million Euros in the club. The company planned a takeover, with a change of team colours, involved in the arrangements was film entrepreneur Michael Kölmel, sponsor of FC Sachsen Leipzig and owner of the Zentralstadion. By 2006, FC Sachsen Leipzig played in the Oberliga, by then the tier in the German football league system. Playing in the tier, the club had to undergo the German Football Association licensing procedure. Red Bull GmbH and the club were close to a deal, but the plans were vetoed by the DFB, after months of fan protests, which deteriorated into violence, the company officially abandoned the plans. Red Bull GmbH then turned to West Germany, the company made contact with cult club FC St. Pauli, known for its left leaning supporters, and met representatives of the club to discuss a sponsor deal. The supporters of FC St. Pauli had only a time before participated in protests against the companys takeover of SV Austria Salzburg. Once it became clear to the Hamburg side that the company had plans far beyond conventional sponsoring, it ended the contact. The company then took contact with TSV1860 Munich, negotiations began behind closed doors, but the club was not interested in an investment and ended the contact. In 2007, Red Bull GmbH made plans to invest in Fortuna Düsseldorf, the plans were immediately met with wild protests from club supporters
New York Red Bulls
The New York Red Bulls are an American professional soccer team based in Harrison, New Jersey. The team competes as a member of the Eastern Conference in Major League Soccer, the Red Bulls began play in 1996, as one of the charter clubs of the league. In 2006 the team was sold to Red Bull GmbH, leading to the current name. The team is one of two MLS franchises representing New York, along with New York City FC, the Red Bulls won the Supporters Shield in 2013 and 2015. The teams prior best result in an MLS season was reaching the MLS Cup final in 2008, in the Lamar Hunt U. S. Open Cup, the MetroStars reached three semi-finals, before reaching their first final in 2003, losing 1–0 to the Chicago Fire. The clubs original name was Empire Soccer Club, which gave birth to the name of the teams largest supporters group, the teams original owners were John Kluge and Stuart Subotnick. The name MetroStars was chosen in reference to Metromedia, the company founded by Kluge. The owners also considered but rejected buying the rights to the name Cosmos. Tab Ramos, the first player to sign with MLS, became the first MetroStars player,1990 World Cup player Peter Vermes was named the first team captain, but it was the previously unknown Venezuelan Giovanni Savarese who became the Metros first breakthrough star. The teams first coach was Eddie Firmani of New York Cosmos fame, in 1996, the MetroStars made news when they selected players named Juninho and Túlio in the 1996 MLS Supplemental Draft. The MetroStars waived both draftees on March 25,1996, while the identity of Juninho was later discovered, the true name and club history of Tulio remains unknown. This bizarre episode has entered MetroStars folk lore, when the league began play in 1996, it was expected that the MetroStars would quickly become the leagues dominant team. Despite famous players and high-profile coach, the team never seemed to click together, the teams first home game against the New England Revolution proved to be a harbinger of things to come. Former Juventus defender Nicola Caricola inadvertently flipped a cross into his own net in the minutes to hand New England a 1–0 win in front of 46,000 fans. The resulting play would later be dubbed the Curse of Caricola by fans to explain the inability to come through with a domestic trophy in their history. Firmani left after eight games and was replaced by former Portugal coach Carlos Queiróz, the team made it into the playoffs, only to lose to eventual champions D. C. Starting in 1998, the team stopped referring to itself as New York/New Jersey, the team went by just MetroStars, with no city, state or regional geographic name attached to it, a rarity in American sports. The MetroStars bottomed out in 1999 with a record of 7–25 under former U. S. national team coach Bora Milutinović, hoping to light a spark under the floundering club in 2000, the MetroStars dropped a bombshell by acquiring German international player Lothar Matthäus from Bayern Munich
Maccabi Haifa F.C.
Maccabi Haifa Football Club is an Israeli professional football club, based in City of Haifa, a section of Maccabi Haifa sports club. The club plays in the Israeli Premier League, Maccabi Haifa home games are played at Sammy Ofer Stadium. The stadium, which is shared with rivals Hapoel Haifa, is the second largest in Israel football, Maccabi Haifa is one of four clubs in the Big Four in Israeli football. It has won twelve League titles, Six State Cups and four Toto Cups, Maccabi has won the championship and the cup in the same season one time, and was the First Israeli club to qualify for the group stage of the UEFA Champions League. Maccabi Haifa Football Club was established in 1913 in the city of Haifa. It was a small, struggling club that spent most of its time shifting between Liga Leumit and the lower leagues, the club was overshadowed by its city rival Hapoel Haifa. But even in its first years the club adapted a very adventurous and offensive style of play based on technique, in 1942, the club reached the Israel State Cup final, but was defeated 12–1 by Beitar Tel Aviv in the final. In 1962, the team defeated Maccabi Tel Aviv 5–2 in the State Cup final, in 1963 it reached the final again, but lost to Hapoel Haifa 1–0 in the first Haifa derby in State Cup final. In the 1980s Maccabi Haifa finally entered the Israeli champions club, in the 1983–84 season Maccabi Haifa won its first ever championship, under coach Shlomo Sharf and general manager Yochanan Vollach, overcoming Beitar Jerusalem and Hapoel Tel Aviv. The Yerukim were known for their all-around-offense and flashy technique football style, often resulting in bad defensive formation, a year later, Maccabi Haifa won a second championship in a decisive performance. In 1986 Maccabi lost the championship in a final match against runners-up Hapoel Tel Aviv. Due to poor TV coverage, the issue has never been resolved, in 1988, Maccabi Haifa decimated Maccabi Tel Aviv 10–0 to earn its biggest win ever. That game, one of the famous in Israelis football lore. Furthermore, it probably was the beginning of the rivalry between the two clubs. In 1989, under the hands of Amazzia Levkovic, the club won another championship. In 1990 Maccabi Haifa established itself as a dominant club in Israel, in 1992 Maccabi Haifa was purchased by Yaakov Shahar, who became the owner and president of the club. Under Shahars management, Maccabi Haifa enjoyed financial stability and professional working regulations on a par with European football clubs standards, Maccabi Haifas highlight season was 1993–94. After winning the 1993 cup, Maccabi Haifa gave a performance in the UEFA Cup Winners Cup, beating Torpedo Moscow 3–1 and Parma 1–0 in the last 16
Israel national under-21 football team
Israels national Under-21 team is considered to be the feeder team for the Israel national football team. It has recently qualified for the European Championships to be held in the Netherlands after beating the French under-21 team 2-1 on aggregate. This team is for Israeli players aged 21 or under at the start of a two-year UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship campaign, so players can be, also in existence are teams for Under-20s, Under-19s and Under 17s. As long as they are eligible, players can play at any level, making it possible to play for the U-21s, senior side and again for the U-21s and it is also possible to play for one country at youth level and another at senior level. The U-21 team came into existence, following the Israels acceptance as a member of UEFA. A draw in a qualifier against Greece in Greece was Israel U-21s first result, Israel U-21s do not have a permanent home. They play in stadia dotted all around Israel in an attempt to encourage fans in all areas of the country to get behind Israel, because of the lack of appeal compared to the senior national team, smaller grounds are used. There is no Under-21 World Cup, although there is an Under-20 World Cup, European U-21 teams compete for the European Championship, with the finals every even-numbered year. It will be held in odd-numbered years from 2007, Israel has never fared well in European Under-21 Football Championships. The current campaign started shortly after the 2006 finals - the qualification stage of the 2007 competition, UEFA have decided to shift the next tournament forward to avoid a clash with senior tournaments taking place in even-numbered years. The competition has therefore been reduced as qualifying must be completed in a less time. In their three-team qualification group, Israel finished ahead of Turkey, in the two-legged play-off against France for a place in the final stage, the team achieved a surprising 1-1 draw in France and won the home match 1-0, with Amir Taga scoring in stoppage time. Note, The year of the tournament represents the year in which it ends, note, Club represents the permanent clubs during the players time in the Under-21s. Note, Club represents the permanent clubs during the time in the Under-21s. The following players were named in the squad for friendly match against Cyprus