2008 IAAF World Cross Country Championships
The 2008 IAAF World Cross Country Championships took place on March 30,2008. The races were held at the Holyrood Park in Edinburgh, United Kingdom, four races took place, one for men, junior men and junior women respectively. All races encompassed both individual and team competition, reports of the event were given in the New York Times, in the Herald, and for the IAAF. Complete results for men and for senior mens teams were published. For full event details see 2008 IAAF World Cross Country Championships – Senior mens race Note, complete results for junior men and for junior mens teams were published. For full event details see 2008 IAAF World Cross Country Championships – Junior mens race Note, complete results for senior women and for senior womens teams were published. For full event details see 2008 IAAF World Cross Country Championships – Senior womens race Note, complete results for junior women and for junior womens teams were published. For full event details see 2008 IAAF World Cross Country Championships – Junior womens race Note, Totals include both individual and team medals, with medals in the team competition counting as one medal.
According to a count,448 athletes from 57 countries participated. This is in agreement with the numbers as published. The announced athletes from Moldova and Nigeria did not show
The 5000 metres or 5000-meter run is a common long-distance running event in track and field. It is one of the events in the Olympic Games. The same distance in road running is called a 5K run, the 5000 m has been present on the Olympic programme since 1912 for men and since 1996 for women. Prior to 1996, women had competed in an Olympic 3000 metres race since 1984, the 5000 m has been held at each of the World Championships in Athletics in mens competition and since 1995 in womens. The event is almost the length as the dolichos race held at the Ancient Olympic Games. While mainly run as an event, the 5000 m is sometimes run on an indoor track. The IAAF keeps official records for outdoor and indoor 5000 m track events. Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 12,49.60, haile Gebrselassie ran 12,41.86,12,44.39. Daniel Komen ran 12,44.90,12,45.09,12,48.98
2004 IAAF World Cross Country Championships
The 2004 IAAF World Cross Country Championships took place on March 20/21,2004. The races were held at the Ossegem Park in Bruxelles, the capital of Belgium, reports of the event were given in the New York Times, and for the IAAF. The new team introduced in 2002 were reverted to the original form as used in 2001. According to a count,673 athletes from 72 countries participated. This is in agreement with the numbers as published. The announced athletes from Guinea did not show
Eurocross is an annual international cross country running competition which takes place in Diekirch, Luxembourg in February. It is one of the IAAF permit meetings which serve as qualifying events for the IAAF World Cross Country Championships and it is sponsored by the ING Group. First held in 1969, Eurocross is organised by the athletics club. There are two races, a 10.2 km race for men and a 5.3 km race for women. In addition to these competitions, there are races for runners of various youth levels, as well as a popular. The course follows a steep incline up a hill on a dirt path. The race takes place over a number of laps thus the uphill and downhill sections can make for a difficult cross country course. The main races typically attract international-calibre athletes from Europe and Africa, past mens winners include IAAF World Cross Country Championships medallist Josephat Machuka and European Championships medallists Mustafa Mohamed and Carsten Jørgensen. The womens side has featured Gabriela Szabo,1993 World Cross Country champion Albertina Dias and Dorcus Inzikuru, the Eurocross typically gives out over US $12,500 in total prize money for each meeting.
The 2010 race, which was the 40th edition of the competition, was simultaneously with the 94th Luxembourg national cross country championships. Key, Luxembourg championship race Note, The womens course was shorter than the typical 5.3 km between 1990 and 2005, past medallists from Celtic Diekirch website
Long-distance running, or endurance running, is a form of continuous running over distances of at least three kilometres. Physiologically, it is largely aerobic in nature and requires stamina as well as mental strength, among mammals, humans are well adapted for running significant distances, and particularly so among primates. The endurance running hypothesis suggests that running endurance in the Homo genus arose because travelling over large areas improved scavenging opportunities, the capacity for endurance running is found in migratory ungulates and a limited number of terrestrial carnivores, such as dogs and hyenas. Long distance running can be used as a means to improve cardiovascular health, Running improves aerobic fitness by increasing the activity of enzymes and hormones that stimulate the muscles and the heart to work more efficiently. Endurance running is often a component of military training and has been so historically. Professional running is most commonly found in the field of sports, long-distance running as a form of tradition or ceremony is known among the Hopi and Tarahumara people, among others.
Distance running can serve as an exercise for family, colleagues. The social element of distance running has been linked with improved performance, in the sport of athletics, long-distance events are defined as races covering three kilometres and above. The three most common types are track running, road running and cross country running, all of which are defined by their terrain – all-weather tracks and natural terrain, respectively. In collegiate cross country races in the United States, men race 8000 or 10000 meters, depending on their division, the Summer Olympics features three long-distance running events, the 5000 metres,10,000 metres and marathon. Since the late 1980s, Kenyans and Ethiopians have dominated in major international long-distance competitions, in this method, the hunter would run at a slow and steady pace between one hour and a few days, in an area where the animal has no place to hide. The Old Testament has a few mentions of messengers running to deliver messages, for example, in 2 Samuel 18, two runners, Ahimaaz son of Zadok and a Cushite run to deliver King David the message of the death of his son Absalom.
Running messengers are reported from early Sumer, were named lasimu as military men as well as the officials who disseminated documents throughout the kingdom by running. Ancient Greece was famous for its running messengers, who were named hemerodromoi and he collapsed and died as he delivered the message “we won”.2 miles /42.195 km is based on this legend. Humans are considered among the best distance runners among all running animals, game animals are faster over short distances, but they have less endurance than humans. Unlike other primates whose bodies are designed to walk on four legs or climb trees and this leads to different bone and muscular demands especially in the legs and pelvis. Dissipation of metabolic heat, humans’ ability to cool the body by sweating through the surface provides many advantages over panting through the mouth or nose. These include a surface of evaporation and independence of the respiratory cycle
2005 World Championships in Athletics
One theme of the 2005 championships was paralympic events, some of which were included as exhibition events. Much of the event was played in heavy rainfall. The original winning bid for the competition was for London but the cost to build the stadium at Picketts Lock. UK Athletics suggested to move the host city to Sheffield, the championships bidding process was reopened as a result. The United Kingdoms withdrawal as host was the first case for a sporting event in a developed country since Denvers withdrawal as host of the 1976 Winter Olympics. Apocalyptica and Nightwish performed at the ceremony of the event over a heavy rainfall. Geir Rönning, Finlands Eurovision Song Contest 2005 entrant, sang Victory the official song of the 2005 IAAF World Championships, with the addition of the womens 3000 metres steeplechase to the schedule, that years program of events was closer to parity for women and men. With the exception of the 50 km walk the women competed in practically the same events as the men, two differences remaining from before, were the short hurdles race, and the multi-event competition.
Singh received a two-year ineligibility ban, while Piskunov received a ban from athletics as this was his second offence. In March 2013, the IAAF announced that re-testing of samples taken during these championships revealed that five medal winners had proved positive for banned substances, the athletes involved were Belarusian Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Belarusian Ivan Tsikhan, Russian Olga Kuzenkova, Russian Tatyana Kotova and Belaruss Vadim Devyatovskiy. Belarusian Andrei Mikhnevich had tested positive and was disqualified, the obverse of the coin features Helsinki Olympic Stadium and above the stadium random waves express the feeling of the games. 2005 in athletics Results from the IAAF web site
International Association of Athletics Federations
The International Association of Athletics Federations is the international governing body for the sport of athletics. It was founded on 17 July 1912 as the International Amateur Athletic Federation by representatives from 17 national athletics federations at the organizations first congress in Stockholm, since October 1993, it has been headquartered in Monaco. Beginning in 1982, the IAAF passed several amendments to its rules to allow athletes to receive compensation for participating in international competitions. However, the organization retained the word amateur in its name until its 2001 congress, the IAAFs president is Sebastian Coe of the United Kingdom. He was elected at the 2015 congress before the 2015 World Championships in Athletics in Beijing, the process to found the IAAF was started at a meeting in Stockholm, Sweden on July 17,1912 soon after the completion of the 1912 Summer Olympics in that city. The congress that started on August 20,1913 in Berlin is when the foundation of the IAAF was formally completed, in 2015, a whistleblower leaked IAAFs blood test records from major competitions.
After reviewing the results, Robin Parisotto, a scientist and leading anti-doping expert, said, so many athletes appear to have doped with impunity, and it is damning that the IAAF appears to have idly sat by and let this happen. Craig Reedie, president of the World Anti-Doping Agency, said his organisation was very disturbed by these new allegations, which will, once again, shake the foundation of clean athletes worldwide, and that its independent commission will investigate the claims. On 1 November 2015, former IAAF president Lamine Diack was arrested in France and is under investigation on suspicion of corruption, Diack allegedly accepted $1.2 million from the Russian athletics federation to cover up the positive doping tests of at least six Russian athletes in 2011. The report continued that the IAAF allowed the conduct to occur and must accept its responsibility and that corruption was embedded in the organization. In January 2016, as a result of the scandal and WADAs report. The BBC reported that as a result the IAAF would lose $33 million worth of revenue, the 11-year sponsorship deal with Adidas was due to run until 2019.
World-record holding sprinter, Michael Johnson, described the scandal as more serious than that faced by FIFA, in February,2016, Nestle announced that it was ending its IAAF sponsorship. In June 2016, following a meeting of the IAAFs ruling council, in Ferbuary 2017, All-Russia Athletic Federation disqualified by decision of the IAAF Council for 8 years for the creation of a doping system. Since the establishment of the IAAF, it has had six presidents, The IAAF has a total of 215 member federations divided into 6 area associations
2005 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships
The 14th IAAF World Half Marathon Championships were held in Edmonton, Canada on 1 October 2005. The competition was replaced by the World Road Running Championships in 2006 and 2007, a total of 156 athletes,87 men and 69 women, from 43 countries took part. The four and a half lap course begins and ends in Hawrelak Park, detailed reports on the event and an appraisal of the results were given both for the mens race and for the womens race. Complete results were published for the race, for the womens race, for mens team. The participation of 156 athletes from 43 countries is reported, although announced, athletes from Cambodia and Venezuela did not show
The Asian Games, known as Asiad, is a Pancontinental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation from the first Games in New Delhi, since the 1982 Games they have been organized by the Olympic Council of Asia, after the breakup of the Asian Games Federation. The Games are recognized by the International Olympic Committee and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games, in its history, nine nations have hosted the Asian Games. Forty-six nations have participated in the Games, including Israel, which was excluded from the Games after their last participation in 1974. The most recent games was held in Incheon, South Korea from 19 September to 4 October 2014, while the games will be held in Jakarta and Palembang. The Far Eastern Games were first held in Manila in 1913 with 6 participating nations, ten more Far Eastern Games were held until 1934. Consequently, the Far Eastern Games scheduled for 1938 were cancelled, after World War II, a number of Asian countries became independent.
During the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, a conversation between sportsmen from China and the Philippines raised the idea of restoring the Far Eastern Games. As a result, he proposed to sports leaders the idea of having a new competition – which came to be the Asian Games. This led to an agreement to form the Asian Athletic Federation, a preparatory committee was set up to draft the charter for this new body. Starting in 1962, the Games were hit by several crises, the host country Indonesia, refused to permit the participation of Israel and Taiwan due to political and religious issues. As a result, the IOC removed its sponsorship of the Games, the Asian Football Confederation, International Amateur Athletics Federation and International Weightlifting Federation, removed their recognition of the Games. Prior to the Games, Japan was asked to host the Games and this edition marked the first time the Games have a television broadcasting throughout the world. In Tehran, in 1974, the Games formally recognized the participation of China, North Korea, the last is 1978, Pakistan dropped its plan to host the Games in 1975 due to financial crisis and political issues.
Thailand offered to help and the Games were once held in Bangkok. However, once again, like in 1962, Taiwan and Israel were refused the participation by Games Federation, amid political issues and security fears. Several governing bodies protested against the ban, like IAAF, threatened to bar the players from 1980 Summer Olympics. Following this series of crises, the National Olympic Committee in Asia decided to revise the constitution of the Asian Games Federation, a new association, named the Olympic Council of Asia, was created in November 1981 with the exclusion of Israel