In baseball statistics, on-base percentage known as on-base average/OBA, measures how a batter reaches base. It is the ratio of the batter's times-on-base to their number of plate appearances. OBP does not credit the batter for reaching base due to fielding error, fielder's choice, dropped/uncaught third strike, fielder's obstruction, or catcher's interference. An official MLB statistic since 1984, it is sometimes referred to as on-base average/OBA, as it is presented as a true percentage. On-base percentage is added to slugging average to determine on-base plus slugging; the on-base percentage of all batters faced by one pitcher or team is referred to as on-base against. Traditionally, players with the best on-base percentages bat as leadoff hitter, unless they are power hitters, who traditionally bat lower in the batting order; the league average for on-base percentage in Major League Baseball has varied over time. On-base percentage can vary quite from player to player; the highest career OBP of a batter with more than 3,000 plate appearances is.482 by Ted Williams.
The lowest is by Bill Bergen, who had an OBP of.194. On-base percentage is calculated using this formula: O B P = H + B B + H B P A B + B B + H B P + S F where H = Hits BB = Bases on Balls HBP = Hit By Pitch AB = At bat SF = Sacrifice flyIn certain unofficial calculations, the denominator is simplified and replaced by Plate Appearance. Sacrifice bunts are excluded from consideration on the basis that they are imposed by the manager with the expectation that the batter will not reach base, thus do not reflect the batter's ability to reach base when attempting to do so. Bold is active player List of MLB players with a.400 on-base percentage Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game
The 1927–28 Montreal Canadiens season was the team's 19th season, 11th in the National Hockey League. The team improved from its second-place finish to place first in the Canadian Division and qualify for the playoffs; the Canadiens lost in a playoff rematch against the rival Maroons in a two-game total-goals series 3–2. Howie Morenz, the NHL's top drawing card, dominated the scoring race and was runaway winner of the Hart Trophy, he led the league in assists as well. The Canadiens, who were running away with the Canadian Division at mid-season, slumped after an injury to Pit Lepine but managed to hold on to first place at season's end. Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against, Pts = Points Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold; the Canadiens met the Maroons in the semi-finals. In a two-game, total goals series, the series was tied going into sudden-death overtime before Russell Oatman scored the winner at 8:20 to win the series 3–2 for the Maroons.
ScoringGoaltending ScoringGoaltending Hart Memorial Trophy – Howie Morenz Goaltenders12 – George Hainsworth Defense1 – Herb Gardiner 2 – Sylvio Mantha 3 – Marty Burke 8 – Albert Leduc Forwards3 – Charles Langlois 4 – Aurel Joliat 5 – George Patterson 5 – Leo Lafrance 6 – Art Gagne 7 – Howie Morenz 9 – Alfred Lepine 10 – Wildor Larochelle 11 – Gizzy Hart 14 – Leo Gaudreault Source: Mouton, p. 156 "Players". NHL. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 1927–28 NHL season Notes BibliographyColeman, Charles L.. The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol.2 1927–1946 inc. National Hockey League. Pp. 32–49. Mouton, Claude; the Montreal Canadiens. Toronto, Ontario: Key Porter Books. ISBN 1-55013-051-X
The Footwork FA14 was a Formula One car with which the Footwork team competed in part of the 1993 Formula One season. It replaced the FA13B, a revised version of the previous year's FA13 chassis, used for the first two races of that season, it was driven by veteran Derek Warwick, returning from a 3-year sabbatical, Aguri Suzuki, retained from 1992. At its first race, the attritional European GP at Donington Park, neither driver finished; the FA14's performance proved to be patchy. However, over the course of the season the car's performance improved, with Warwick finishing sixth at his home race at Silverstone, fourth at the Hungaroring for his final F1 points. Suzuki's improvement throughout the season was more marked. 1993 proved to be both drivers' final full season in F1. Warwick retired at the end of the season, while Suzuki drove for Jordan and Ligier in the following seasons. For the 1994 season they were replaced by Christian Fittipaldi and Gianni Morbidelli