A one-way pair, one-way couple, or couplet refers to that portion of a bi-directional traffic facility – such as a road, streetcar, or light rail line – where its opposing flows exist as two independent and parallel facilities. In the context of roads, a one-way pair consists of two one-way streets whose flows combine on one or both ends into a single two-way street; the one-way streets may be separated by just a single block, such as in a grid network, or may be spaced further apart with intermediate parallel roads. One use of a one-way pair is to increase the vehicular capacity of a major route through a developed area such as a central business district. If not treated with other traffic calming features, the benefit in vehicular capacity is offset by a potential for increased road user deaths, in particular people walking and biking. A one-way pair can be created by converting segments of two-way streets into one-way streets, which allows lanes to be added without widening, it allows easier creation of a green wave by adjusting traffic lights on the through route, because strict left turn phases are no longer required at each intersection.
On occasion, "couplet" has been applied to the point where the one-way streets and the two-way street meet, rather than the paired one-way streets themselves. Flows on a one-way pair may follow the traffic handedness convention of the locale, or may be switched. Following the convention allows a one-way pair to be more integrated into an existing network of two-way streets, as a single two-way street is split into the two sides of the pair, as in the diagram below: Sydney CBD features a number of one way pairs, all north-south. One example is Pitt Street with Castlereagh Street. Pitt street carries only northbound traffic from Goulbern Street to Market Street. Castlreagh Street only carries southbound traffic on its entire length from Hunter Street to Hay Street near central station. Trams once ran from Central Station to Circular Quay along Pitt Street and back to Central Station along Castlereigh, Bligh and Loftus Streets. In Redfern, part of Elizabeth Street is paired with Chalmers street.
This follows the usual flow convention. In the Brisbane CBD Ann Street is paired with Turbot Street and George Street with North Quay, the latter by the Brisbane River. In Southbank, Merivale Street is paired with Cordelia Street from Montague Road to Vulture Street. In East Brisbane, Vulture Street is paired with Stanley Street. Japan National Route 340 travels through the central part of Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture as a one-way pair between its northern terminus at an intersection with Japan National Route 45 and Aomori Prefecture Route 251. Interstate 78 travels along a one-way pair of surface streets, 12th Street and 14th Street, in Jersey City, New Jersey, between the end of the New Jersey Turnpike Newark Bay Extension and the Holland Tunnel, which leads into New York City, New York. There are hundreds of one-way pairs among the avenues of New York City. One example is Fifth Avenue with Madison Avenue. Others include First Avenue with Second Avenue. Two major streets in the city of Pittsburgh serve as a one-way pair.
Both streets begin in Downtown near Point State Park before becoming a one-way pair just east of Market Square, with Forbes serving outbound traffic and Fifth serving inbound traffic, going through Uptown and Oakland before both streets end up with two-way traffic and diverge, with Fifth Avenue terminating in Highland Park, while Forbes terminates in Wilkinsburg just outside the city limits. The two-way Boulevard of the Allies parallels Forbes and Fifth for most of the time the two streets are a one-way pair; the east side of Portland, features a number of one-way pairs, both north–south and east–west, with the east–west pairs being associated with bridges. By contrast, the Portland Transit Mall, a public transportation corridor, has the opposite flow, with the westernmost component running north, with the eastern component running south. There are a number of one-way pairs in California; these include 3rd and 4th Streets, 5th and 6th Streets, 8th and 9th Streets, 11th and 12th Streets, Main and Spring Streets.
Levick Street and Robbins Street in Philadelphia are considered a one-way pair. The streets carry traffic to and from the Tacony-Palmyra Bridge through the Mayfair and Wissinoming neighborhoods. Between Frankford Avenue and Roosevelt Boulevard, the streets carry US 13 in their respective direction. Directional running, the equivalent for rail transport
The Durdane series is a trilogy of science fiction books written by Jack Vance between 1971 and 1973, detail the adventures of Gastel Etzwane on the world Durdane. The trilogy, as a whole, portrays his rise from common boy to the autocrat The Anome, as a saviour of his world against the alien Asutra of the third book; the three books in the trilogy are, in reading and publication order: The Anome The Brave Free Men The Asutra The land of Shant on the planet Durdane is ruled by a purposely anonymous dictator called the Anome or Faceless Man. He maintains control by virtue of the torc, a ring of explosive placed around the neck of every adult in Shant; the Anome is the product of a self-selecting dynasty. When one Anome grows old, he chooses a system hundreds of years old; the reason for this harsh system of government is the extreme individuality of the folk of Shant. They are divided into dozens of different cantons, each with distinctive customs and laws, united only by a common language. Prior to the ascendancy of the Faceless Man, Shant was plagued by dissension.
The Faceless Man not only provides the glue. Those who lose their heads are those who have violated local law; the protagonist of the trilogy is the son of a prostitute and an anonymous musician. The first two volumes chronicle his coming of age, his discovery of the identity of his father, his struggles to become a musician himself, the murder of his mother and sister by a race of alien barbarian invaders known as the Roguskhoi, his struggle for revenge against them; this leads to Etzwane's discovering the identity of the Anome, strangely passive, refuses to mobilize the armies of Shant against the aliens. Etzwane is forced to assume the role of Anome himself and, through luck and improvisation, leads an successful struggle against the invaders. In response to the social upheaval caused by the war, Etzwane lays down his office, the torc system is abolished. In the third and final volume, Etzwane learns - the hard way - that the invaders were the creation of an alien race known as the Asutra, who designed these caricatures of humanity in a first assay at biological warfare against the peoples of Durdane.
Since the Roguskhoi are all males, they can only reproduce by sexual intercourse with human women, they are insanely lustful. The resulting "imps" have no genetic relationship to the human mother, a host only; this process, by design renders the woman sterile. The trilogy is set in the same broad Gaean Reach milieu of many of Vance's books. Like most of his work, it is full of ornately bizarre cultures and heroic adventure; the Durdane trilogy was published in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, in six parts, two per novel, between February 1971 and June 1973: "The Faceless Man", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, February 1971 "The Faceless Man", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, March 1971 "The Brave Free Men", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, July 1972 "The Brave Free Men", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, August 1972 "The Asutra", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, May 1973 "The Asutra", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, June 1973The trilogy was first published in book form in the U.
S. by Dell, with the title of the first part changed to The Anome: The Anome, The Brave Free Men, The Asutra. The first U. K. publication was by Coronet: The Anome, The Brave Free Men, The Asutra. The Coronet edition is notable for its cover artwork, by Jim Burns: when placed side by side the three covers form one continuous painting. Wedlock, a 1991 film featuring explosive collars
The Council of Tortosa was an unrecognised Ecumenical Council held in Catalonia in 1429, convoked by Cardinal Pierre de Foix. The council convened between 19 September and 5 November, passing various decrees concerning the divine service, the ornaments of the church, instruction of youth, the qualifications of the holders of benefices, etc. Attendees included all the prelates and many of the ecclesiastics of the Kingdom of Aragon, the Kingdom of Valencia, of the principality of Catalonia; the king's letters confirming the liberties and immunities of the church were read, at the end of the fourth session twenty canons were approved and published. Antipope Clement VIII, only recognised by the Aragonese, renounced the insignia of the papacy on 26 July 1429, his cession was confirmed by the Council bringing an end to the Great Schism. The Inquisition had hardly touched the Crown of Aragon and the Crown of Castile in 1429, the council entreated that "for divine mercy's sake, the king of Aragon, the barons, knights and universities, should protect the Jews from violence, from which they would otherwise have suffered".
The council succeeded in as much that about thirty years elapsed without an insurrection against the Jews. It wasn't until 1498 that the Spanish inquisition swept away the protection that Spain's Jews enjoyed following the Council. In all, 20 canon were published by the Council, including: 4. Orders that all beneficed clerks and ecclesiastics in holy orders shall keep breviaries in order that they may say the office when hindered from attending the choir. 5. Forbids the elevation of unworthy persons to holy orders. 6. Orders curates every Sunday to teach by catechising some part of the things necessary to be known by Christians in order to receive salvation, which it declared to be:i. What they ought to believe, contained in the articles of faith. Ii. What they ought to pray for, contained in the Lord's Prayer. Iii. What they ought to keep, contained in the ten commandments. Iv. What they ought to avoid, the seven mortal sins. v. What they ought to desire, the joys of paradise. Vi. What they ought to fear, the pains of hell.9.
Orders neophytes to bring their children to church within eight days after their birth in order that they may receive baptism. 15. Forbids the delegate of the holy see to go beyond their commission. In addition, the Council: Restricted the use of furs to dignitaries and cathedral canons. Ordered that physicians should not pay more than two visits to any person who had not confessed. Under penalty of their own excommunication. Banned payments by the bishops to all priests for keeping women
EPCC the Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre, is a supercomputing centre based at the University of Edinburgh. Since its foundation in 1990, its stated mission has been to accelerate the effective exploitation of novel computing throughout industry and commerce; the University has supported high-performance computing services since 1982. As of 2013, through EPCC, it supports the UK’s national high-end computing system, ARCHER, the UK Research Data Facility. EPCC's activities include: software development for industry and academia; the Centre offers two Masters programmes: MSc in High-Performance Computing and MSc in High-Performance Computing with Data Science. It is a member of the Globus Alliance and, through its involvement with the OGSA-DAI project, it works with the Open Grid Forum DAIS-WG. Around half of EPCC's annual turnover comes from collaborative projects with commerce. In addition to funded projects with businesses, EPCC receives funding from Scottish Enterprise, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the European Commission.
EPCC was established in 1990, following on from the earlier Edinburgh Concurrent Supercomputer Project and chaired by Jeffery Collins from 1991. From 2002 to 2016 EPCC was part of the University's School of Physics & Astronomy, becoming an independent Centre of Excellence within the University's College of Science and Engineering in August 2016, it was extensively involved in all aspects of Grid computing including: developing Grid middleware and architecture tools to facilitate the uptake of e-Science. The Centre was a founder member of the UK’s National e-Science Centre, the hub of Grid and e-Science activity in the UK. EPCC and NeSC were both partners in OMII-UK, which offers consultancy and products to the UK e-Science community. EPCC was a founder partner of the Numerical Algorithms and Intelligent Software Centre. EPCC has hosted a variety of supercomputers over the years, including several Meiko Computing Surfaces, a Thinking Machines CM-200 Connection Machine, a number of Cray systems including a Cray T3D and T3E.
EPCC manages a collection of HPC systems including a variety of smaller HPC systems. These systems are all available for industry use on a pay-per-use basis. Current systems hosted by EPCC include: ARCHER: As of 2014, the ARCHER facility is based around a Cray XC30 supercomputer that provides the central computational resource, it is supported by a number of additional components including: high-performance parallel filesystems, pre- and post-processing facilities, external login nodes, UK-RDF, a large, long-term data facility. ARCHER runs a Linux distribution based on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server. Blue Gene/Q: As of 2013, this system consists of 6144 compute nodes housed in 6 frames; each node comprises a 16 core Powerpc64 A2 processor, with 16GB memory per node, giving a total of 98,304 cores and a peak performance of 1.26 PetaFlops. It is part of the Distributed Research utilising Advanced Computing consortium. Recent systems hosted by EPCC include: HECToR: The 2010 system was the first production Cray XT6 24-core system in the world.
It was comprised a total of 464 compute blades. Each blade contained four compute nodes, each with two 12-core AMD Opteron 2.1 GHz Magny Cours processors. This amounted to a total of 44,544 cores; each 12-core socket was coupled with a Cray SeaStar2 routing and communications chip. This was upgraded in late 2010 to the Cray Gemini interconnect; each 12-core processor shared 16Gb of memory. The theoretical peak performance of the phase 2b system was over 360 Tflops. HECToR was decommissioned in 2014. HPCx: Launched in 2002, when it was ranked ninth-fastest system in the world. HPCx was an IBM eServer p5 575 cluster, located at Daresbury Laboratory, it latterly operated under the complementarity capability computing scheme, preferably hosting workload which can not be accommodated on the HECToR system. EPCC supported the HPCx and HECToR systems on behalf of the UK research councils, making them available to UK academics and industry. Blue Gene: Launched in 2005, EPCC's Blue Gene/L was the first Blue Gene system available outside the United States.
EPCC operated this 2048-compute core service for the University of Edinburgh. QCDOC: One of the world’s most powerful systems dedicated to the numerical investigation of quantum chromodynamics, which describes the interactions between quarks and gluons, it was developed in collaboration with a consortium of UK lattice physicists, Columbia University, Riken Brookhaven National Laboratory and IBM. Maxwell: Maxwell was an innovative, award-winning FPGA-based supercomputer built by the FPGA High Performance Computing Alliance. Maxwell comprised 32 blades housed in an IBM BladeCenter; each blade comprised one Xeon processor and two FPGAs. The FPGAs were connected by a fast communication subsystem which enabled the total of 64 FPGAs to be connected together in an 8×8 toroidal mesh; the processors were connected together via a PCI bus. Projects that EPCC has been involved with that have entries on Wikipedia. DEISA: Distributed European Infrastructure for Supercomputing Applications. PlanetHPC: Setting an R&D Roadmap for High Performance Computing in Europe EPCC Projects at EPCC
Galactica Star is a superyacht built in 2013 at the Dutch Heesen Yachts shipyard. The interior design of Galactica Star was done by Bannenberg & Rowell Design and the exterior work was done by Omega Architects; the length of the yacht is 65 m and the beam is 11.40 m. The draught of Galactica Star is 3.05 m. Both the materials of the hull and the superstructure are made out of Aluminium with teak laid decks; the yacht is Lloyd's registered, issued by Cayman Islands. The beautiful 65m Heesen superyacht Galactica Star is a Fast Displacement superyacht concept vessel, with aluminium hull and superstructure designed by Van Oossanen and Heesen Yachts Naval Architects. Galactica Star's exterior is designed by Omega Architects, she is able to accommodate up to 12 guests in 6 elegant cabins and has a crew of 13. Type/ Year: Heesen Yachts 65m FDHF/2013 Refit: - L. O. A.: 65 m Guests: 12 Cabins: 6 Cruise speed: 24 Builder/ designer: Heesen Yachts, Omega, Omega Architects, Van Oossanen & Associates Locations: EUROPE The main engines are two MTU 20V 4000 M93L with a combined power of 11.184 hp.
Beardsley is a city in Big Stone County, United States. The population was 233 at the 2010 census. Beardsley was platted in 1880 by W. W. Beardsley, named for him. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.47 square miles, all of it land. Minnesota State Highways 7 and 28 are two of the main routes in the community. Beardsley holds two state monthly record high temperatures, 111 °F in September, set in 1931, 98 °F for October, reached in 1963, shares with Moorhead both the July record and the all-time state high temperature of 115°, reached in Beardsley on July 29, 1917. Minnesota has a low occurrence of earthquakes, but 19 have been documented in the state since 1860, according to the University of Minnesota-Morris. A rare earthquake shook the area on June 5, 1993. A stronger earthquake was felt over 315,000 square kilometers; as of the census of 2010, there were 233 people, 108 households, 60 families living in the city. The population density was 495.7 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 141 housing units at an average density of 300.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.6 % 0.4 % Native American. There were 108 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 44.4% were non-families. 41.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age in the city was 44.8 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 262 people, 125 households, 71 families living in the city; the population density was 552.4 people per square mile. There were 148 housing units at an average density of 312.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population. There were 125 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.4% were non-families. 40.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.83. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 3.1% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 26.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,429, the median income for a family was $33,929. Males had a median income of $26,875 versus $18,750 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,106. About 6.3% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under the age of 18 and 15.5% of those 65 and older