Captain Phillips (film)
Captain Phillips is a 2013 American biographical drama-thriller film directed by Paul Greengrass and starring Tom Hanks and Barkhad Abdi. The film is inspired by the true story of the 2009 Maersk Alabama hijacking, an incident during which merchant mariner Captain Richard Phillips was taken hostage by pirates in the Guardafui Channel led by Abduwali Muse; the screenplay by Billy Ray is based on the 2010 book A Captain's Duty: Somali Pirates, Navy SEALs, Dangerous Days at Sea by Richard Phillips with Stephan Talty. Scott Rudin, Dana Brunetti and Michael De Luca served as producers on the project, it premiered at the 2013 New York Film Festival, was theatrically released on October 11, 2013. The film emerged. In 2014, Captain Phillips received six Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Supporting Actor for Abdi. Richard Phillips takes command of MV Maersk Alabama, an unarmed container ship from the Port of Salalah in Oman, with orders to sail through the Guardafui Channel to Mombasa, Kenya.
Wary of pirate activity off the coast of the Horn of Africa, he and First Officer Shane Murphy order strict security precautions on the vessel and carry out practice drills. During a drill, the vessel is chased by Somali pirates in two skiffs, Phillips calls for help. Knowing that the pirates are listening to radio traffic, he pretends to call a warship, requesting immediate air support. One skiff turns around in response, the other – manned by four armed pirates led by Abduwali Muse – loses engine power trying to steer through Maersk Alabama's wake; the next day, Muse's skiff, now fitted with two outboard engines, returns with the same four pirates aboard. Despite the best efforts of Phillips and his crew, the pirates secure their ladder to the Maersk Alabama; as they board, Phillips allows himself to be captured. He offers Muse the $30,000 in the ship's safe, but Muse's orders are to ransom the ship and crew in exchange for millions of dollars of insurance money from the shipping company. While they search the ship, Murphy sees that the youngest pirate Bilal does not have sandals and tells the crew to line the engine room hallway with broken glass.
Chief Engineer Mike Perry cuts power to the ship. Bilal cuts his feet when they reach the engine room, Muse continues to search alone; the crew members ambush Muse, holding him at knifepoint, arrange to release him and the other pirates into a lifeboat. However, Muse's right-hand man Nour Najee refuses to board the lifeboat with Muse unless Phillips goes with them. Once all are on the lifeboat, Najee attacks Phillips, forcing him into the vessel before launching the boat with all five of them on board; as the lifeboat heads for Somalia, tensions flare between the pirates as they run low on the plant-based amphetamine khat and lose contact with their mother ship. Najee tries to convince the others to kill Phillips, they are intercepted by the U. S. Navy destroyer USS Bainbridge. Bainbridge's captain Frank Castellano is ordered to prevent the pirates from reaching the Somali coast by any means necessary; when additional ships arrive, Muse asserts that he has come too far and will not surrender. The negotiators are unable to change his mind and a DEVGRU SEAL team parachutes in to intervene, while Phillips makes an unsuccessful attempt to escape from the lifeboat before being recaptured and beaten by Najee.
While three SEAL marksmen get into positions and the SEALs continue to try to find a peaceful solution taking the lifeboat under tow. Muse agrees to board Bainbridge, where he is told that his clan elders have arrived to negotiate Phillips's ransom. In the lifeboat, Phillips prepares a goodbye letter to his wife in case he is killed, while Najee decides to take full control. Najee beats him further. Phillips retaliates by wrestling Najee until Bilal subdues Phillips by striking him in the back with his AK-47, injuring him. Najee convinces Elmi that Phillips must be killed; the pirates blindfold Phillips, leaving him to say his final goodbyes. As the pirates prepare to shoot Phillips, Bainbridge's crew stops the tow, causing Bilal and Najee to lose balance; this gives the marksmen three clear shots and they kill all three pirates. Muse is taken into custody for piracy. Phillips is treated. Although in shock and disoriented, he thanks the rescue team for saving his life. Tom Hanks as Richard "Rich" Phillips / "Irish", captain of MV Maersk Alabama Barkhad Abdi as Abduwali Muse, pirate leader Barkhad Abdirahman as Adan Bilal Faysal Ahmed as Nour Najee Mahat M. Ali as Walid Elmi Catherine Keener as Andrea Phillips Michael Chernus as Shane Murphy, first officer of MV Maersk Alabama David Warshofsky as Mike Perry, chief engineer, MV Maersk Alabama Corey Johnson as Ken Quinn, helmsman, MV Maersk Alabama Chris Mulkey as John Cronan, senior crew member, MV Maersk Alabama Mark Holden as William Rios, boatswain, MV Maersk Alabama Yul Vazquez as Commander Frank Castellano, commanding officer, USS Bainbridge Max Martini as U.
S. Navy SEAL commander Omar Berdouni as Nemo, Somali-language translator working for the U. S. Navy as part of Mission Essential Mohamed Ali as Assad Issak Farah Samatar as HufanUncredited: Hospital Corpsman Second Class Danielle Albert as Chief Hospital Corpsman O'Brien Fire Control Technician First Class Nathan Cobler as Hospital Corpsman First Class Cobler Sony Pictures optioned the film rights shortly after the publication of Richard Phillips' memoir A Captain's Duty in 2010. In March 2011, actor Tom Hanks attache
Before Midnight (film)
Before Midnight is a 2013 American romantic drama film, the third in a trilogy featuring two characters, following Before Sunrise and Before Sunset. It was directed by stars Ethan Hawke and Julie Delpy. Co-written by Linklater and Delpy, the film picks up the story nine years after the events of Before Sunset. Following a limited opening in May, the film was released wide in June 2013 and grossed over $23 million worldwide; as with the previous films in the trilogy, Before Midnight received widespread acclaim and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay It was filmed in the former home which Patrick Leigh Fermor and his wife Joan built in Kardymili on the coast of the Peloponnesus in Southern Greece. Nine years have passed since Before Sunset. Jesse and Céline have become a couple and parents to twin girls. Jesse struggles to maintain his relationship with his teenage son, who lives in Chicago with Jesse's ex-wife. After Hank spends the summer with Jesse and Céline on the Greek Peloponnese peninsula, Jesse drops him off at the airport to fly home.
Jesse is a successful novelist, while Céline is at a career crossroads, considering a job with the French government. The couple discuss their concerns about Hank, about Céline's choices for her career. Over dinner they talk more about life. Friends staying with them pay for a hotel room. While walking to the hotel, the couple reminisce about coming together. After reaching the hotel, they begin to have sex but have a fierce argument, expressing fears about their present and future together. Among other issues, Jesse wants them to consider moving to Chicago so he can be closer to Hank, which Céline thinks will cost her any chance of a career outside her family. In the heat of the argument, Céline tells Jesse. Céline sits alone in the hotel's outdoor restaurant. Jesse joins her and jokes that he is a time traveler bringing her a letter from her 82-year-old self, describing this night as one of the best of their lives. Unamused, Céline says. Jesse proclaims his love. After a moment, Céline joins in Jesse's joke, the two reconcile.
Richard Linklater, Ethan Hawke, Julie Delpy had all discussed doing a sequel to Before Sunset. In November 2011, Hawke said that he, Delpy and Linklater "have been talking a lot in the last six months. All three of us have been having similar feelings, that we're kind of ready to revisit those characters. There's nine years between the first two movies and, if we made the film next summer, it would be nine years again, so we started thinking that would be a good thing to do. So we're going to try and write it this year." In June 2012, Hawke confirmed. Soon after, Delpy denied, but by August 2012, numerous reports emerged from Messenia, that the film was being shot there. The completion of filming the sequel, titled Before Midnight, was announced on September 5, 2012. Linklater said that, after ten weeks of writing and rehearsing, the film was made in fifteen days for less than $3 million, he intended to take it to a film festival in early 2013. Before Midnight premiered on January 2013, at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival.
It had its international premiere out of competition at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival. The film opened to general audiences on May 24, 2013, at five theaters in New York, Los Angeles, Austin, Texas, it was released wide in 897 theaters on June 14, 2013. The film grossed $8,110,621 domestically and $15,141,309 overseas, for a worldwide gross of $23,251,930. Like the previous entry of the trilogy, Before Midnight received widespread critical acclaim. Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 98% based on reviews from 189 critics, with an average rating of 8.7/10. The site's consensus is: "Building on the first two installments in Richard Linklater's well-crafted Before trilogy, Before Midnight offers intelligent, powerfully acted perspectives on love and long-term commitment." Metacritic gives the film a score of 94 out of 100, based on reviews from 41 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". It was listed as the third-best film of the year after 12 Years a Gravity, it was the second-best reviewed film of 2013 according to Rotten Tomatoes, after Alfonso Cuarón's Gravity.
According to Total Film's Philip Kemp, "As with its two predecessors — and with the films of French New Wave director Éric Rohmer, presiding deity of this kind of cinema—Midnight's a film about people talking. But when the talk's this good, this absorbing and revealing and witty and true, who's going to complain?... more-than-worthy, expectation-exceeding chapter in one of modern cinema's finest love stories. As honest, funny and natural as its predecessors." Perry Seibert of AllMovie praised the film, writing: "The screenwriting trio fill the movie with long, discursive conversations that feel utterly improvised when they are performed, but are far too deftly structured to be anything other than the work of consummate artists." Eric Kohn, from Indiewire, gave the film a rave review, adding it to his list of Top 10 Films of 2013. He wrote that "With Before Midnight, Richard Linklater has completed one of the finest movie trilogies of all time." ^ Each date is linked to the article about the awards held that year.
According to Metacritic, the film appeared on the following c
Sam Rockwell is an American actor. He first became known for his leading roles in Lawn Dogs, Confessions of a Dangerous Mind, Matchstick Men, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy and Seven Psychopaths, he has played supporting roles in The Green Mile, Galaxy Quest, Frost/Nixon, Iron Man 2, The Way, Way Back. In 2017, Rockwell's performance as a troubled police officer in the crime-drama Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, a Golden Globe, two Screen Actors Guild Awards; the following year, his portrayal of George W. Bush in the biopic Vice earned him his second Academy Award nomination in the same category. Rockwell was born November 1968 in Daly City, California, he is the only child of actors Pete Penny Hess. After their divorce when he was five, he was raised by his father in San Francisco, spent his summers with his mother in New York. At age 10, he made a brief stage appearance playing Humphrey Bogart in an East Village improv comedy sketch with his mother.
He started high school at the San Francisco School of the Arts with Margaret Cho and Aisha Tyler, but received his high school diploma from Urban Pioneers, an Outward Bound-style alternative school. Rockwell explained, "I just wanted to get stoned, flirt with girls, go to parties." The school "had a reputation as a place stoners went because it was easy to graduate." The school ended up helping him regain an interest in performing. After appearing in an independent film during his senior year, he moved to New York to pursue an acting career. After his debut role in the horror film Clownhouse, which he filmed while living in San Francisco, he moved to New York and trained at the William Esper Studios with teacher Terry Knickerbocker, his career gained momentum in the early 1990s, when he alternated between small-screen guest spots in TV series like The Equalizer, NYPD Blue and Law & Order and small roles in films such as Last Exit to Brooklyn and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. He appeared as the title character in The Search for One-eye Jimmy.
During this time, Rockwell delivered burritos by bicycle. At one point, Rockwell worked as a private detective's assistant. "I tailed a chick, having an affair and took pictures of her at this motel", he told Rolling Stone in 2002. "It was pretty sleazy." A well-paying Miller commercial in 1994 allowed him to pursue acting full-time. The turning point in Rockwell's career was Tom DiCillo's film Box of Moonlight, in which he played an eccentric man-child who dresses like Davy Crockett and lives in an isolated mobile home; the ensuing acclaim put him front and center with casting agents and newfound fans alike, with Rockwell himself acknowledging that "That film was a turning point... I was sort of put on some independent film map after 10 years in New York."He received strong reviews for the film Lawn Dogs, where he played a working-class lawn mower who befriends a wealthy 10-year-old girl in an upper-class gated community in Kentucky. In 1999, Rockwell played prisoner William "Wild Bill" Wharton in the Stephen King prison drama The Green Mile.
At the time of the film's shooting, Rockwell explained why he was attracted to playing such unlikable characters. He said, "I like that dark stuff. I think. There's a bit of self-loathing in there, a bit of anger... But after this, I've got to play some lawyers, or a British aristocrat, or they'll put a label on me." After appearances as a bumbling actor in the sci-fi parody Galaxy Quest, as Flute in the Shakespeare adaptation A Midsummer Night's Dream, as gregarious villain Eric Knox in Charlie's Angels, Rockwell won the then-biggest leading role of his career as The Gong Show host Chuck Barris in George Clooney's directorial debut, Confessions of a Dangerous Mind. Rockwell's performance was well-received, the film earned positive reviews. Rockwell has received positive notices for his role opposite Nicolas Cage in Ridley Scott's Matchstick Men, with Entertainment Weekly calling him "destined by a kind of excessive interestingness to forever be a colorful sidekick." He received somewhat more mixed reviews as Zaphod Beeblebrox in the film version of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
He had a notable supporting role as Charley Ford, brother of Casey Affleck's character Robert Ford, in the well-received drama The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford, in which Brad Pitt played the lead role of Jesse James. According to an interview on The Howard Stern Show, director Jon Favreau considered casting him as the titular character in Iron Man as the studio was hesitant to work with Robert Downey Jr., considered for his role in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. Rockwell appeared in Iron Man 2, released in 2010, as Tony Stark's rival weapons developer, Justin Hammer, he is said to have accepted the role without reading the script. He had never heard of the character before he was contacted about the role and was unaware that Hammer is an old man in the comic books. In addition to big-budget feature films, Rockwell has appeared in indie films such as The F Word and played a randy, Halloween-costume-clad Batman in a short, Robin's Big Date, opposite Justin Long as Robin.
He starred in the film Snow Angels opposite Kate Beckinsale. He has worked on several oc
Inside Llewyn Davis
Inside Llewyn Davis is a 2013 American black comedy tragedy film written, directed and edited by Joel and Ethan Coen. Set in 1961, the film follows one week in the life of Llewyn Davis, played by Oscar Isaac in his breakthrough role, a folk singer struggling to achieve musical success while keeping his life in order, it co-stars Carey Mulligan, John Goodman, Garrett Hedlund, F. Murray Abraham, Justin Timberlake. Although Davis is a fictional character, the story was inspired by the autobiography of folk singer Dave Van Ronk. Most of the folk songs performed in the film are recorded live. T Bone Burnett was the executive music producer; the film won the Grand Prix at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival, where it screened on May 19, 2013. The film began a limited release in the United States on December 6, 2013, a wide release on January 10, 2014; the film received critical acclaim and was nominated for two Academy Awards and three Golden Globe Awards: Best Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical, Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, Best Original Song.
Inside Llewyn Davis has been acclaimed, was voted the eleventh best film released since 2000 by film critics in a 2016 BBC Culture poll. It was chosen the eleventh "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far" in 2017 by The New York Times. In February 1961, Llewyn Davis is a struggling folk singer in New York City's Greenwich Village, his recent solo album Inside Llewyn Davis is not selling. He plays the Gaslight Cafe one night gets punched out in the alley. Davis awakens in the apartment of the Gorfeins; when he leaves, the Gorfeins' cat escapes and Davis is locked out. Davis takes the cat to the apartment of Jean Berkey. Jean reluctantly agrees to let Davis stay the night. Jean tells Davis; the next morning, the Gorfeins' cat escapes again. Jean asks Davis to pay for an abortion, though she is upset that she might be losing Jim's child. Davis visits his sister hoping to borrow money. Instead, she gives him a box of his belongings, she mentions. On Jim's invitation, Davis records a space travel-themed novelty song with Al Cody.
Needing money for the abortion, Davis agrees to an immediate $200 rather than royalties. Davis is setting up Jean's appointment when the gynecologist informs him there is no charge, as a previous girlfriend did not go through with the abortion Davis had paid for. While talking to Jean at a café, Davis observes what he believes to be the Gorfeins' cat and returns it that evening. Asked to play after dinner, he reluctantly performs "Fare Thee Well", a song he had recorded with his old partner Mike; when Mrs. Gorfein starts to sing Mike's harmony, Davis yells at her. Mrs. Gorfein leaves the table crying returns with the cat, having realized that it is not theirs. Davis leaves with the cat. Davis rides with two musicians driving to Chicago: the laconic beat poet Johnny Five and the odious jazz musician Roland Turner. During the trip Davis discloses that Mike Timlin, died by suicide. At a roadside restaurant, Roland collapses from a heroin overdose; the three stop on the side of the highway to rest. When a police officer tells them to move on, he suspects that Johnny is drunk and tells him to get out of the car.
Johnny is arrested. Without the keys, Davis abandons the car, leaving the unconscious Roland behind. In Chicago, Davis auditions for Bud Grossman, who says Davis is not suited as a solo performer but suggests he might incorporate him in a new trio he is forming. Davis hitchhikes back to New York. Driving, he hits. Back in New York, Davis uses his last $148 for back dues to rejoin the Merchant Marine union, visits his ailing father, he searches for his seaman's license so he can ship out with the Merchant Marine, but it was in the box his sister trashed. Davis can not afford the $85 fee, he visits Jean and she tells him she got him a gig at the Gaslight. At the Gaslight, Davis learns that Pappi, the manager had sex with Jean. Davis, angered by this, heckles a woman as she performs, is thrown out, he goes to the Gorfeins' apartment. There, he learns that the novelty song is to be a major hit, with massive royalties, he is amazed to see that their actual cat, has found his way home. Returning to an expanded version of the film's opening scene, Davis performs at the Gaslight.
Pappi teases Davis about his heckling the previous evening and tells him that a friend of his is waiting in the alley. As he leaves, Davis watches a young Bob Dylan perform. Behind the Gaslight, Davis is beaten by a shadowy suited man for heckling his wife, the previous night's performer. Davis watches as the man leaves in a taxi, he bids him "Au revoir". Set in 1961, Inside Llewyn Davis was inspired by the cultural disconnection within a New York–based music scene, where the songs seemed to come from all parts of the United States except New York, but whose performers included Brooklyn-born Dave Van Ronk and Ramblin' Jack Elliott. Well before writing the script, the Coens began with a single idea, of Van Ronk being beaten up outside of Gerde's Folk City in the Village; the filmmakers employed the image in the opening scenes periodically returned to the project over the next couple of years to expand the story using a fictional character. One source for the film was Van Ronk's posthumously published memoir, Th
Catherine Elise Blanchett, is an Australian actress and theatre director. She has received many accolades, including two Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, three BAFTA Awards. Time named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2007, in 2018, she was ranked among the highest-paid actresses in the world. After graduating from the National Institute of Dramatic Art, Blanchett began her acting career on the Australian stage, taking on roles in Electra in 1992 and Hamlet in 1994, she came to international attention for portraying Elizabeth I of England in the drama film Elizabeth, for which she won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress and earned her first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her portrayal of Katharine Hepburn in the biographical drama The Aviator, earned her the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, she won Best Actress for playing a neurotic divorcée in the black comedy-drama Blue Jasmine, her other Oscar-nominated roles were in the dramas Notes on a Scandal, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, I'm Not There, Carol.
Blanchett's most commercially successful films include The Talented Mr. Ripley, Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy and The Hobbit trilogy, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, Thor: Ragnarok, Ocean's 8. From 2008 to 2013, Blanchett and her husband Andrew Upton served as the artistic directors of the Sydney Theatre Company; some of her stage roles during this period were in revivals of A Streetcar Named Desire, Uncle Vanya, The Maids. She made her Broadway debut in 2017 with The Present, for which she received a Tony Award nomination. Blanchett has been awarded the Centenary Medal by the Australian government, who made her a companion of the Order of Australia in 2017, she was appointed Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters by the French government in 2012. She has been presented with a Doctor of Letters from the University of New South Wales, University of Sydney, Macquarie University. In 2015, she was honoured by the Museum of Modern Art and received the British Film Institute Fellowship.
Blanchett was born on 14 May 1969 in the Melbourne suburb of Ivanhoe. Her Australian mother, June Blanchett, worked as a property developer and teacher, her American father, Robert DeWitt Blanchett, Jr. a Texas native, was a United States Navy Chief Petty Officer who worked as an advertising executive. The two met; when Blanchett was 10, her father died of a heart attack, leaving her mother to raise the family on her own. Blanchett is the middle of three children, she has an older brother Bob Blanchett, a younger sister Genevieve Blanchett, her ancestry includes English, some Scottish, remote French roots. Blanchett has described herself as being "part part wallflower" during childhood, she had a penchant for dressing in traditionally masculine clothing, went through goth and punk phases during her teenage years, shaved her head at one point. She attended primary school in Melbourne at Ivanhoe East Primary School. In her late teens and early twenties, she worked at a nursing home in Victoria, she studied economics and fine arts at the University of Melbourne but dropped out after one year to travel overseas.
While in Egypt, Blanchett was asked to play an American cheerleader, as an extra in the Egyptian boxing movie, Kaboria. Upon her return to Australia, she moved to Sydney and enrolled in the National Institute of Dramatic Art to pursue an acting career, she graduated from NIDA in 1992 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts. Blanchett's first major stage role was opposite Geoffrey Rush, in the 1992 David Mamet play Oleanna for the Sydney Theatre Company; that year, she was cast as Clytemnestra in a production of Sophocles' Electra. A couple of weeks after rehearsals, the actress playing the title role pulled out, director Lindy Davies cast Blanchett in the role, her performance as Electra became one of her most acclaimed at NIDA. In 1993, Blanchett was awarded the Sydney Theatre Critics' Best Newcomer Award for her performance in Timothy Daly's Kafka Dances and won Best Actress for her performance in Mamet's Oleanna, making her the first actor to win both categories in the same year. Blanchett played the role of Ophelia in an acclaimed 1994–1995 Company B production of Hamlet directed by Neil Armfield, starring Rush and Richard Roxburgh, was nominated for a Green Room Award.
She appeared in the 1994 TV miniseries Heartland opposite Ernie Dingo, the miniseries Bordertown with Hugo Weaving, in an episode of Police Rescue entitled "The Loaded Boy". She appeared in the 50-minute drama short Parklands, which received an Australian Film Institute nomination for Best Original Screenplay. Blanchett made her feature film debut with a supporting role as an Australian nurse captured by the Japanese Army during World War II, in Bruce Beresford's film Paradise Road, which co-starred Glenn Close and Frances McDormand, her first leading role was as Lucinda Leplastrier in Gillian Armstrong's romantic drama Oscar and Lucinda, opposite Ralph Fiennes. Blanchett received wide acclaim for her performance, earned her first AFI Award nomination as Best Leading Actress, she won the AFI Best Actress Award in the same year for her role as Lizzie in the romantic comedy Thank God He Met Lizzie, co-starring Richard Roxburgh and Frances O'Connor. B
Joel Coen and Ethan Coen, collectively referred to as the Coen brothers, are American filmmakers. Their films span many genres and styles, which they subvert or parody, their most acclaimed works include Miller's Crossing, Barton Fink, The Big Lebowski, No Country for Old Men, True Grit, Inside Llewyn Davis. The brothers write and produce their films jointly, although until The Ladykillers Joel received sole credit for directing and Ethan for producing, they alternate top billing for their screenplays while sharing editing credits under the alias Roderick Jaynes. They have been nominated for 13 Academy Awards together, individually for one award each, winning Best Original Screenplay for Fargo and Best Picture, Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay for No Country for Old Men; the duo won the Palme d'Or for Barton Fink. The Coens have written a number of films they did not direct, including the biographical war drama Unbroken, the historical legal thriller Bridge of Spies, lesser-known, commercially unsuccessful comedies such as Crimewave, The Naked Man and Gambit.
Ethan is a writer of short stories and poetry. Known for many distinctive stylistic trademarks including genre hybridity, the brothers' films No Country for Old Men, A Serious Man and Inside Llewyn Davis have been ranked in the BBC's 2016 poll of the greatest motion pictures since 2000. Joel and Ethan Coen were raised in St. Louis Park, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis, their mother, was an art historian at St. Cloud State University, their father, Edward Coen, was an economist at the University of Minnesota, their family is Jewish. When they were children, Joel saved money from mowing lawns to buy a Vivitar Super 8 camera. Together, the brothers remade movies they saw on television, with their neighborhood friend Mark Zimering as the star, their first attempt was a romp entitled Man on the Go. Cornel Wilde's The Naked Prey became their Zeimers in Zambia, which featured Ethan as a native with a spear. Joel Coen has said: "In regards to whether our background influences our film making... who knows?
We don't think about it... There's no doubt that our Jewish heritage affects how we see things." Joel and Ethan graduated from St. Louis Park High School in 1973 and 1976 and from Bard College at Simon's Rock in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Joel spent four years in the undergraduate film program at New York University, where he made a 30-minute thesis film called Soundings. Ethan went on to Princeton University and earned an undergraduate degree in philosophy in 1979, his senior thesis was a 41-page essay, "Two Views of Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy". Joel has been married to actress Frances McDormand since 1984, they adopted a son from Paraguay named Pedro McDormand Coen. McDormand has acted in several Coen Brothers films, including a minor appearance in Miller's Crossing, a supporting role in Raising Arizona, lead roles in Blood Simple and The Man Who Wasn't There, her Academy Award-winning role in Fargo, her starring role in Burn After Reading, she did a voice-over in Barton Fink. Ethan married film editor Tricia Cooke in 1990.
They have two children: son Buster Jacob, who goes to Vassar College. Both couples live in New York. After graduating from New York University, Joel worked as a production assistant on a variety of industrial films and music videos, he developed a talent for film editing and met Sam Raimi while assisting Edna Ruth Paul in editing Raimi's first feature film, The Evil Dead. In 1984 the brothers wrote and directed Blood Simple, their first commercial film together. Set in Texas, the film tells the tale of a shifty, sleazy bar owner who hires a private detective to kill his wife and her lover; the film contains elements that point to their future direction: distinctive homages to genre movies, plot twists layered over a simple story, dark humor, mise-en-scène. The film starred Frances McDormand. Upon release the film received much praise and won awards for Joel's direction at both the Sundance and Independent Spirit awards, their next project was Crimewave, written by the Coens and Raimi. Joel and Raimi made cameo appearances in Spies Like Us.
The brothers' next film was Raising Arizona, the story of an unlikely married couple: ex-convict H. I. and police officer Ed, who long for a baby but are unable to conceive. When a local furniture tycoon appears on television with his newly born quintuplets and jokes that they "are more than we can handle", H. I. steals one of the quintuplets to bring up as their own. The film featured Frances McDormand, John Goodman, William Forsythe, Sam McMurray, Randall "Tex" Cobb. Miller's Crossing, released in 1990, starred Albert Finney, Gabriel Byrne, John Turturro; the film is about feuding gangsters in the Prohibition era, inspired by Dashiell Hammett's novels Red Harvest and The Glass Key. The following year, they released Barton Fink, he settles down in his hotel room to commence writing but suffers writer's block until he is invaded by the man next door. Barton Fink was a critical success, earning Oscar nominations and winning three major awards at the 1991 Cannes Film Festival, including the Palme d'Or.
It was their first film with c
Jennifer Shrader Lawrence is an American actress. Her films have grossed over $5.7 billion worldwide, she was the highest-paid actress in the world in 2015 and 2016. Lawrence appeared in Time's 100 most influential people in the world list in 2013 and in the Forbes Celebrity 100 list in 2014 and 2016. During her childhood, Lawrence performed in church plays and school musicals. At age 14, she was in New York City. Lawrence moved to Los Angeles and began her acting career by playing guest roles in television shows, her first major role came as a main cast member on the sitcom The Bill Engvall Show. Lawrence made her film debut in a supporting role in Garden Party, had her breakthrough playing a poverty-stricken teenager in the independent drama Winter's Bone, she achieved wider recognition for starring as the mutant Mystique in X-Men: First Class, a role she reprised in installments of the series. Lawrence's career progressed with her starring role as Katniss Everdeen in the Hunger Games film series, which established her as the highest-grossing action heroine of all time.
She went on to earn accolades for her collaborations with director David O. Russell, her performance as a depressed and bipolar widow in the romance film Silver Linings Playbook earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress, making her the second-youngest winner of the award. Lawrence subsequently won a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for playing a troubled wife in the black comedy American Hustle, she received Golden Globe Awards for her roles in both of these films, for her performance as Joy Mangano in the biopic Joy. She has since starred in the science fiction romance Passengers, the psychological horror film Mother! and the spy thriller Red Sparrow. Lawrence has advocated for Planned Parenthood. In 2015, she founded the Jennifer Lawrence Foundation, which has advocated for the Boys & Girls Clubs of America and the Special Olympics. Jennifer Shrader Lawrence was born on August 15, 1990 in Indian Hills, Kentucky, to Gary, a construction worker, Karen, a summer camp manager.
She has two older brothers and Blaine, her mother brought her up to be "tough" like them. Karen did not allow her daughter to play with other girls in preschool as she deemed her "too rough" with them. Lawrence was educated at the Kammerer Middle School in Louisville, she did not enjoy her childhood due to hyperactivity and social anxiety and considered herself a misfit among her peers. Lawrence has said that her anxieties vanished when she performed on stage and that acting gave her a sense of accomplishment. Lawrence's school activities included cheerleading, field hockey and basketball, which she played on a boys' team, coached by her father. While growing up, she was fond of horseback riding and visited a local horse farm, she has an injured tailbone as a result of being thrown from a horse. When her father worked from home, she performed for him dressing up as a clown or ballerina, she had her first acting assignment at age nine when she played the role of a prostitute in a church play, based on the Book of Jonah.
For the next few years, she continued to take parts in church plays and school musicals. Lawrence was fourteen and on a family vacation in New York City when she was spotted on the street by a talent scout who arranged for her to audition for talent agents. Karen was not keen on allowing her daughter to pursue an acting career, but she moved her family to New York to let her read for roles. After Lawrence's first cold reading, the agents said that hers was the best they had heard from someone that young. Lawrence said her early experiences were difficult because she felt friendless, she signed on with the CESD Talent Agency, who convinced her parents to let her audition for roles in Los Angeles. While her mother encouraged her to go into modelling, Lawrence insisted on pursuing acting. At that time, she considered acting to be a natural fit for her abilities, she turned down several offers for modeling assignments. Lawrence dropped out of school at age 14 without receiving a diploma, she has said that her career was her priority.
Between her acting jobs in the city, she made regular visits to Louisville, where she served as an assistant nurse at her mother's camp. Lawrence began her acting career with a minor role in the television film Company Town, she followed it with guest roles including Monk and Medium. These parts led to her being cast as a series regular on the TBS sitcom The Bill Engvall Show, in which she played Lauren, the rebellious teenage daughter of a family living in suburban Louisville, Colorado; the series ran for three seasons. Tom Shales of The Washington Post considered her a scene stealer in her part, David Hinckley of the New York Daily News wrote that she was successful in "deliver the perpetual exasperation of teenage girls". Lawrence won a Young Artist Award for Outstanding Young Performer in a TV Series for the role in 2009. Lawrence made her film debut in the 2008 drama film Garden Party, in which she played a troubled teenager named Tiff, she appeared in director Guillermo Arriaga's feature film debut The Burning Plain, a drama narrated in a hyperlink format.
She was cast as the teenage daughter of Kim Basinger's character who discovers her mother's extramarital affair—a role she shared with Charlize Theron. Mark Feeney for The Boston Globe