Sea hares are gastropods without hard shells, using their specialized ink as their main defensive mechanism instead. Their ink has several purposes. For one, the ink serves to cloud the predator's vision as well as halt their senses temporarily. In addition, the chemicals in the ink mimic food, their skin and digestive tract are toxic to predators as well. They are seen to change their feeding behaviours in response to averse stimuli; the diet of sea hares enable them to gain the chemicals present in their ink and determine the color of their ink. They have adapted over time to feed on seaweed and algae as without their specific diet they will be left without ink and fall prey to predators; the species they feed on determine the strength of their chemical defense. Individuals that feed on red algae, such as plocamium, were found to have better defense than those that fed on green algae, like ulva lactuca; the ink and opaline glands produce ink and opaline which are mixed in the cavity and expelled towards the predator.
The ink and opaline are concentrated with free amino acids and ammonium. The ink and opaline has been demonstrated to stimulate appetitive and ingestive behaviours, though opaline differs in the sense in that it inhibits ingestion. Phagomimicry is the defensive behaviour in which expelled chemicals mimic food, deceiving some organisms to eat it instead. In the case of sea hares, the ink produced deceives their predators to attack their ink instead of pursuing the sea hare; this is possible because of the chemicals present in sea hares' ink mixture. The ink and opaline contains high levels of amino acids and ammonium, present in their predators' food; as a result, predators are deceived into feeding on it. This gives the sea hare an opportunity to escape; this reaction has been observed in some lobsters. The chemicals produced affect the nervous system of the predators; the ink produces an averse response in some predators. For instance, sea anemones shrivel up when they come in contact with the Ink
An Audie Award is an annual award given by the American Audio Publishers Association for audiobooks and spoken-word entertainment. Since 1996, the nominees have been announced in February, the winners announced at a gala banquet held in May during the BookExpo America fair; the Audies are sometimes promoted as "the Oscars of the audiobook industry" and serve as a way to promote audiobooks. Awards are given in about thirty categories; some of the awards relate to types of writing, including abridged and unabridged fiction and non-fiction, such genres as romance and mystery. Over the years, the structure and the categories of the awards have changed; these changes are apparent in the lists of the Audie award winners in the external links below. The 2016 award ceremony was held May 11 at the Adler Planetarium in Chicago and was hosted by Paula Poundstone; the award categories, effective 2019, are: Audiobook of the Year Original Work Audio Drama Best Female Narrator Best Male Narrator Multi-Voiced Performance Narration by the Author or Authors Fiction: Fiction Literary Fiction & Classics Mystery Thriller / Suspense Science Fiction Fantasy Romance Non-Fiction: Non-Fiction History / Biography Autobiography / Memoir Business / Personal DevelopmentFaith-Based Fiction or Non-Fiction Humor Short Stories / CollectionsYouth: Young Listeners Middle Grade Young Adult Excellence in Design Excellence in Marketing Excellence in Production Hall of Fame Judge's Award Spanish Language Special Achievement Achievement in Abridgement Audio, Licensed or Distributed Audio Adaptation Biography / Memoir Business / Educational Business Information Classics Education and Training Erotica Fiction, Abridged History Inspiration & Faith-Based Fiction Inspiration & Faith-Based Non-Fiction Literary Fiction Multi-Voiced Narration New Publisher Non-Fiction, Abridged Paranormal Personal Development Poetry Here is a table of award winners.
The Audies official website Past Winners - APA lists Audie Award winners from 1996 to the present
Addisonia is an illustrated journal covering botanical and horticultural subjects, published by the New York Botanical Garden from 1916 to 1964. Addisonia was inaugurated as the result of a bequest by judge Addison Brown, a co-founder of the New York Botanical Garden; the magazine was to be devoted to vascular plants from the United States and its territorial possessions or flowering in the New York Botanical Garden or its conservatories. The first editors of Addisonia were the botanist John Hendley Barnhart and George Valentine Nash, the Botanical Garden's head gardener at the time. Editors included Henry Gleason and Edward Johnston Alexander. Published as a quarterly, various factors caused the publication schedule to lengthen over time. Beginning with volume 18 in 1933–34, the magazine became semi-annual. By the last few years, issues were being printed irregularly; the cover price of $10 remained unchanged over the magazine's 50-year history. In its first five years, Addisonia covered such diverse topics as acacias, dwarf polyantha roses, cacti.
New York Botanical Garden staff illustrator Mary Emily Eaton was the magazine's principal illustrator in its first three decades, creating over three-quarters of its 800 plates. Addisonia is still considered a valuable reference work and teaching aid for the high quality of its illustrations, the detailed plant descriptions by well-known authorities, the care taken to provide bibliographical citations. During its existence, Addisonia reported on 31 new species. Media related to Addisonia: Colored Illustrations and Popular Descriptions of Plants at Wikimedia Commons
Sweet Bird is the third album by Lani Hall. "Send In The Clowns" 2:21 "That’s When Miracles Occur" 3:07 "Early Mornin’ Strangers" 3:40 "Mr. Blue" 3:29 "Too Many Mornings" 4:40 "At The Ballet" 6:27 "The Moon Is All Alone" 3:22 "Dolphins Lullaby" 4:17 "Sweet Bird" 2:53 Lani Hall Michel Colombier Larry Carlton Lee Ritenour Dennis Budimir Chuck Domanico Stanley Clarke Jim Keltner Milt Holland Herb Alpert Michael Boddicker Bruce Swedien
Divided We Fall is a 2000 Czech film directed by Jan Hřebejk. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Anna Šišková won a Lion award for best actress; the film opens in 1939 Czechoslovakia. Horst, a Czech-German Nazi collaborator married to a German woman and co-worker of Josef, brings food to Josef and his wife Marie, who are Czechs. Josef hates the Nazis; when Josef finds David, who had escaped a concentration camp in occupied Poland after first being sent to the Theresienstadt concentration camp in northern Bohemia and Marie decide to hide him in their apartment. Horst makes an unannounced visit. Marie is ambivalent about their secret: On one hand she never misses an opportunity to blame her husband for bringing in the Jew, but on the other she is merciful and sympathetic towards the poor kid locked in the closet day and night, she suggests that Josef accepts Horst's job offer evicting Czech Jews from their homes, so as to get more protection and deflect possible suspicions.
Josef is considered a collaborator by the neighbor Franta. Marie spends the days getting more and more tender toward him. Horst's visits become more frequent, one afternoon, he attempts to rape Marie. Josef gets his fertility tested to confirm a long-time rumor: He can't have children. Humiliated by his earlier antics, Horst takes revenge on Marie by forcing them to provide lodging for his supervisor, a committed Nazi bureaucrat, who had suffered a stroke after Nazis kill his son for deserting the army. Marie refuses to accept him on the grounds; the community is well-aware that Josef and Marie are infertile, Josef proposes that David get Marie pregnant in order to stage a "miracle" and avoid further investigation. After much resistance from Marie and David have sex. Marie becomes pregnant, Horst apologizes for his previous behavior; as the Germans lose ground in World War II, Horst's behavior begins to change. Based on his previous suspicions that someone else is living with Josef and Marie, he redirects German authorities when the latter search the street house by house.
The Germans are defeated and the Czech people take brutal revenge on them. As the Germans are being driven out, Marie goes into labor. Josef frantically searches for a doctor, but the streets of the city are in chaos and the Nazi-affiliated doctor has been captured, he finds the new ruling troika which includes his old neighbor Franta as the representative of the Czech Resistance. Franta remembers him as a collaborator and orders his arrest. Josef protests his innocence and invites them to meet David as proof of his ambivalence towards the Jews, in exchange for a chance to find the Nazi doctor to deliver Marie's baby. In the jails, Josef finds that the doctor has committed suicide but finds Horst crouched in a corner. Remembering Horst's previous actions that saved David's life, Josef tells the Czech partisan guards that Horst is his doctor; the partisans escort them to Josef's house. Horst is able to assume the role of Marie's doctor due to his experience delivering his own sons, much to Marie's initial horror.
The partisans still want to see David in order to prove Josef's allegiance, but in the chaos and gunfire, David had hid himself elsewhere. The captain of the partisan unit, a member of the regular Czechoslovak Army, does not believe Josef's story and is about to shoot him, but David shows up at the last minute after Josef's despairing plea: "Let us be human!" After they all return to the household and David's son is born. The partisans interrogate David about Horst's background, but David, realizing that Horst had known about the situation for over two years and had not reported it, supports Josef's claim that Horst is a doctor and thus saves Horst's life as well. Days Josef walks the baby through the devastated streets of his city. In the ruins, he imagines David's deceased family and his supervisor's youngest son sitting around a small table, waving at him. Josef picks up waves his hand back. An aria from J. S. Bach's St Matthew Passion is the denouement of the film. Bolek Polívka - Josef Čížek Anna Šišková - Marie Čížková Csongor Kassai - David Wiener Jaroslav Dušek - Horst Prohaska Martin Huba - Dr. Albrecht Kepke Jiří Pecha - František Šimáček Simona Stašová - Libuše Šimáčková Vladimír Marek - SS Officer Richard Tesařík - Captain Karel Heřmánek - Captain Throughout the film, none of the principal characters is shown to be purely good or purely bad.
Josef has had to collaborate with the Nazis to provide additional cover while hiding a Jew in his home. But by film's end the war is over and it is time to work toward reconciliation and rebuilding. Thus, while ostensibly about the Nazi occupation and its aftermath, "Divided We Fall" carried a similar message of reconciliation for the contemporary Czech Republic in the aftermath of Soviet occupation and domination; the imagery of the film is not thinly disguised: Josef and Marie have a child, savior, but Josef is not the father. It is a child of David; the birth is attended by three "wise men": a Czech, a German, a Russian. List
The U. S. Post Office—Waltham Main is a historic post office building at 774 Main Street in Waltham, Massachusetts; the T-shaped brick and stone building was built in 1935, as part of a Works Progress Administration project during the Great Depression. The Classical Revival building was designed by the Boston firm of Wadsworth and Smith; the interior is of a layout typical of other period post offices, with a central lobby area flanked by the postmaster's office on the left and a work area on the right. This public area is faced in a variety of stone products, predominantly marble from a variety of sources; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. National Register of Historic Places listings in Waltham, MassachusettsList of United States Post Offices