Operation Entebbe or Operation Thunderbolt was a successful counter-terrorist hostage-rescue mission carried out by commandos of the Israel Defense Forces at Entebbe Airport in Uganda on 4 July 1976. A week earlier, on 27 June, an Air France Airbus A300 jet airliner with 248 passengers had been hijacked by two members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations under orders of Wadie Haddad, two members of the German Revolutionary Cells; the hijackers had the stated objective to free 40 Palestinian and affiliated militants imprisoned in Israel and 13 prisoners in four other countries in exchange for the hostages. The flight, which had originated in Tel Aviv with the destination of Paris, was diverted after a stopover in Athens via Benghazi to Entebbe, the main airport of Uganda; the Ugandan government supported the hijackers, dictator Idi Amin, informed of the hijacking from the beginning welcomed them. After moving all hostages from the aircraft to a disused airport building, the hijackers separated all Israelis and several non-Israeli Jews from the larger group and forced them into a separate room.
Over the following two days, 148 non-Israeli hostages were flown out to Paris. Ninety-four Israeli, passengers along with the 12-member Air France crew, remained as hostages and were threatened with death; the IDF acted on information provided by the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad. The hijackers threatened to kill the hostages; this threat led to the planning of the rescue operation. These plans included preparation for armed resistance from Ugandan troops; the operation took place at night. Israeli transport planes carried 100 commandos over 4,000 kilometres to Uganda for the rescue operation; the operation, which took a week of planning, lasted 90 minutes. Of the 106 remaining hostages, 102 were rescued and three were killed; the other hostage was in a hospital and was killed. Five Israeli commandos were wounded and one, unit commander Lt. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu, was killed. Netanyahu was the older brother of Benjamin Netanyahu, who would become Prime Minister of Israel. All the hijackers and forty-five Ugandan soldiers were killed, eleven Soviet-built MiG-17s and MiG-21s of Uganda's air force were destroyed.
Kenyan sources supported Israel, in the aftermath of the operation, Idi Amin issued orders to retaliate and slaughter several hundred Kenyans present in Uganda. There were 245 Kenyans in Uganda killed and 3,000 fled. Operation Entebbe, which had the military codename Operation Thunderbolt, is sometimes referred to retroactively as Operation Jonathan in memory of the unit's leader, Yonatan Netanyahu. On 27 June 1976, Air France Flight 139, an Airbus A300B4-203, registration F-BVGG, departed from Tel Aviv, carrying 246 Jewish and Israeli passengers and a crew of 12; the plane flew to Athens, where it picked up an additional 58 passengers, including four hijackers. It departed for Paris at 12:30 pm. Just after takeoff, the flight was hijacked by two Palestinians from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations, by two Germans, Wilfried Böse and Brigitte Kuhlmann, from the German Revolutionary Cells; the hijackers diverted the flight to Libya. There it was held on the ground for seven hours for refuelling.
During that time the hijackers released British-born Israeli citizen Patricia Martell, who pretended to have a miscarriage. The plane left Benghazi and at 3:15 pm on the 28th, more than 24 hours after the flight's original departure, it arrived at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. At Entebbe, the four hijackers were joined by at least four others, supported by the forces of Uganda's President, Idi Amin; the hijackers transferred the passengers to the transit hall of the disused former airport terminal where they kept them under guard for the following days. Amin came to visit the hostages on a daily basis, updating them on developments and promising to use his efforts to have them freed through negotiations. On 28 June, a PFLP-EO hijacker issued a declaration and formulated their demands: In addition to a ransom of US$5 million for the release of the airplane, they demanded the release of 53 Palestinian and Pro-Palestinian militants, 40 of whom were prisoners in Israel, they threatened that if these demands were not met, they would begin to kill hostages on 1 July 1976.
On 29 June, after Ugandan soldiers had opened an entrance to a room next to the crowded waiting hall by destroying a separating wall, the hijackers separated the Israelis from the other hostages and told them to move to the adjoining room. As they did so, a Holocaust survivor showed hijacker Wilfried Böse a camp registration number tattooed on his arm. Böse protested "I'm no Nazi!... I am an idealist". In addition, five non-Israeli hostages – two ultra-orthodox Jewish couples from the US and Belgium and a French resident of Israel – were forced to join the Israeli group. According to Monique Epstein Khalepski, the French hostage among the five, the captors had singled them out for questioning and suspected them of hiding their Israeli identities. On the other hand, according to French hostage Michel Cojot-Goldberg, the captors failed to identify at least one Israeli among the passengers, a military officer with dual citizenship using his non-Israeli passport and he was freed as part of the second release of non-Israeli hostages.
The Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education at Arizona State University was established in 1954 and disestablished in 2010 by Provost Elizabeth Capaldi amidst strong objections from faculty and relevant professional organizations. FIGSE is sometimes confused with ASU's Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College, renamed from the regional teaching-intensive West campus College of Teacher Education and Leadership at the same time the historic FIGSE was disestablished. Arizona State University was established in 1885 as the Territorial Normal School at Tempe in the Arizona Territory; the Normal School was charged with providing "instruction of persons, both male and female, in the art of teaching, in all the various branches that pertain to a good common school education. An effort by the alumni association changed the name of the institution to Tempe State Teachers College in 1925, offered its first graduate degree, the Masters in Education, in 1937. Although courses were offered in other academic and professional disciplines, the school remained fundamentally a teachers college until 1945 when it was renamed Arizona State College.
In 1954, the Arizona Board of Regents established four colleges within the institution: Liberal Arts, Applied Arts and Sciences, Business and Public Administration. Under the leadership of ASU President Grady Gammage, deans were appointed to oversee the administration of each new college. Guy D. McGrath was appointed as the founding dean of ASU's College of Education, serving from 1954 to 1968; the college remained focused on teacher preparation until the mid-1980s, when Dean Gladys Styles Johnston, as part of the institution's efforts to achieve Carnegie's Research I status and appointed some of the nation's top education scholars, including Thomas Barone, David Berliner, Gene V Glass, Mary Lee Smith. Barone, Berliner and Smith are emeritus education professors at ASU. David C. Berliner began a massive effort to hire new faculty. Berliner recruited Gene V Glass to serve as his associate dean for research and Gale Hackett as his associate dean for academic programs and personnel. Berliner and Glass, both former presidents of the American Educational Research Association leveraged their high visibility as education researchers to build the faculty of the College of Education.
By the end of his tenure as dean, Berliner had been responsible for hiring 25% of the college faculty exceptional junior scholars. Berliner and Glass were outspoken critics of the state's education policies. Berliner hired a number of progressive faculty who believed in public advocacy, further aggravating lawmakers and future superintendents, such as conservative Tom Horne. Eugene Garcia was recruited to serve as the college's next dean in 2002, having just finished a successful run as the dean of UC Berkeley's Graduate School of Education. Garcia continued to build the college's national ranking and status with the addition of new faculty talent, increased external research funding, increased faculty and student diversity. In 2003, Garcia was given the additional role of Vice President for University-School Partnerships in which he coordinated university-wide K-12 education efforts. Under Garcia's leadership, the College of Education obtained a generous $50 million endowment from Mary Lou Fulton, an ASU College of Education alumna and successful Arizona businesswoman.
In 2006. Garcia continued the college's engagement in state policy debates, worked within the state's education leadership to improve policy decisions, he was appointed by Governor Janet Napolitano to serve on the state's ELL Task Force, a working group charged with implementing new state law regarding the education of English language learners. Garcia maintained his position as a university vice president after he stepped down from the deanship in 2006. George Hynd was appointed as dean and senior vice provost for education and innovation in January, 2008, serving for two years; the economic downturn of that year resulted in large budget reductions for the university. In response, the university reorganized several units, including education; the name of the Mary Lou Fulton College of Education was changed to the Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education, with a new mission to focus on research and graduate education programs. All undergraduate teacher education programs across the various campuses of the university were consolidated under the College of Teacher Education and Leadership.
CTEL, headquartered on the West campus, was established to meet the needs of teacher education in the West valley. George Hynd resigned in 2009, to serve as provost of the College of Charleston, he was succeeded by interim dean Jim Rund. Rund served as interim dean for one semester, overseeing the disestablishment of FIGSE in May, 2010. In addition, Rund continued serving in his prior position as ASU Senior Vice President for Educational Outreach and Student Services. Berliner and Glass retired when FIGSE was distablished in spring, 2010, they continue to serve as emeritus professors. FIGSE was ranked by U. S. News & World Report for eleven consecutive years preceding its disestablishment. In 2010, the
Anacamptis palustris is a species of orchid. It is found in North Africa and western Asia; this orchid is native to Western and Central Europe, the Mediterranean region, the Balearic Islands, Western Asia and Tunisia in North Africa, Saudi Arabia. It is a perennial herbaceous flower, can be found in humid pastures, wet meadows and swamps, it prefers calcareous soils in full sun. It flowers in spring; the species epithet palustris is Latin for "of the marsh" and indicates its common habitat. Subspecies of Anacamptis palustris include: Anacamptis palustris subsp. Elegans Anacamptis palustris subsp. Palustris Anacamptis palustris subsp. Robusta — Mallorca, northern Algeria, Tunisia. Distribution of orchid species Media related to Anacamptis palustris at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Anacamptis palustris at Wikispecies
Preprophase is an additional phase during mitosis in plant cells that does not occur in other eukaryotes such as animals or fungi. It precedes prophase and is characterized by two distinct events: The formation of the preprophase band, a dense microtubule ring underneath the plasma membrane; the initiation of microtubule nucleation at the nuclear envelope. Plant cells are fixed with regards to their neighbor cells within the tissues they are growing in. In contrast to animals where certain cells can migrate within the embryo to form new tissues, the seedlings of higher plants grow based on the orientation of cell division and subsequent elongation and differentiation of cells within their cell walls. Therefore, the accurate control of cell division planes and placement of the future cell wall in plant cells is crucial for the correct architecture of plant tissues and organs; the preprophase stage of somatic plant cell mitosis serves to establish the precise location of the division plane and future cell wall before the cell enters prophase.
This is achieved through the formation of a transient microtubule structure, the preprophase band, a so far unknown mechanism by which the cell is able to "memorize" the position of the preprophase band to guide the new cell wall growing during cytokinesis to the correct location. In gametophyte tissues during the reproductive phase of the plant life cycle, cell division planes may be established without the use of a preprophase band. In vacuolated plant cells, preprophase may be preceded by the formation of a phragmosome; the function of the phragmosome is to suspend the cell nucleus in the center of the cell in preparation for mitosis. If a phragmosome is visible, the preprophase band will appear at its outer edge. At the beginning of preprophase, the cortical microtubules of a plant cell disappear and aggregate into a dense ring underneath the plasma membrane; this preprophase band runs around the equatorial plane of the future mitotic spindle and marks the plane of cell division and future fusion site for the cell plate.
It persists into prophase. Spindle formation occurs during prophase with the axis perpendicular to the plane surrounded by the preprophase band. In contrast to animal cells, plant cells do not possess centrosomes to organize their mitotic spindles. Instead, the nuclear envelope acts as a microtubule organizing center for spindle formation during preprophase; the first sign is a actin-free zone appearing around the nuclear envelope. This zone fills with microtubules nucleating on the surface of the nucleus; the preprophase spindle forms by self-assembly of these microtubules in the cytoplasm surrounding the nuclear envelope. It is reinforced through chromosome -mediated spindle assembly after the nuclear envelope breaks down at the end of prophase. During progression from preprophase into prophase, the randomly oriented microtubules align parallel along the nuclear surface according to the spindle axis; this structure is called the prophase spindle. Triggered by nuclear membrane breakdown at the beginning of prometaphase, the preprophase band disappears and the prophase spindle matures into the metaphase spindle occupying the space of the former nucleus.
Experiments with drugs destroying microfilaments indicate that actin may play a role in keeping the cellular "memory" of the position of the division plane after the preprophase band breaks down to direct cytokinesis in telophase. P. H. Raven, R. F. Evert, S. E. Eichhorn: Biology of Plants, 7th Edition, W. H. Freeman and Company Publishers, New York, ISBN 0-7167-1007-2
Raquel Ferreira is a baseball executive, an executive vice president and assistant general manager for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball. In 2014, she became the third female vice-president of baseball operations in MLB history. Ferreira was first hired by the Boston Red Sox in 1999 as an administrative assistant by Kent Qualls. In 2003, she was promoted to Director of Minor League Administration by general manager Theo Epstein. In 2004, she played a key role in the team's rookie development program. In late 2014, Ferreira was promoted to Vice President of Baseball Administration, making her the third female vice-president of baseball operations in MLB history, joining Jean Afterman and Kim Ng, who have had assistant general manager roles with the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Dodgers, respectively. Ferreira has led large player signings for the Red Sox, such as the six-year, $120 million contract extension for Xander Bogaerts in April 2019. In September 2019, Ferreira became part of the interim leadership team—along with assistant general managers Brian O'Halloran, Eddie Romero, Zack Scott—to oversee the Red Sox baseball operations department after the departure of general manager Dave Dombrowski.
Along with additional responsibilities, she became the highest ranking woman in MLB operations and a rare female in charge of an MLB team during the regular season. In December 2019, the Red Sox and Ferreira agreed to a multi-year contract, under which her title is Executive Vice President / Assistant General Manager. During her tenure with the Red Sox, the team has won four World Series championships. Ferreira was born and raised in Cumberland, Rhode Island, the daughter of Gamaliel and Lotty Ferreira, immigrants from Cape Verde. Ferreira graduated from the University of Rhode Island with a B. A. in Communications in 1992. She grew up watching the local minor league team. Ferreira is married to Erik Stamps. Raquel Ferreira on Twitter
Feohanagh-Castlemahon is a Gaelic Athletic Association club located in the parish of Mahoonagh, County Limerick, Ireland. It was founded in 1890. Coolyroe is the main centre for the GAA field, known as Quaid Park. Hurling is the main sport in Feohanagh-Castlemahon. For Hurling, Mahoonagh parish is represented by Feohanagh and Gaelic Football is represented by Castlemahon. There are handball courts in Coolyroe. Feohanagh/Castlemahon won the 2011 West Junior A Hurling Championship defeating Dromcollogher/Broadford in the final in Feenagh on 15 October 2011 on a scoreline of 2–10 to 0–08. In 2013, they retained their West Junior A Hurling Title with a win over neighbours Feenagh/Kilmeedy. However, when the two sides met again in the county final, Feenagh won by 0–14 to 0–11. In 2014 Feohanagh/Castlemahon won the County Junior Championship Hurling final beating Na Piarsaigh in a replay on a scoreline of 0-20 to 0-09. In football in 2013 they were beaten by Glin 0-08 to 0–07 in the West final, but like the hurling that year, the West runners up won the county final as Castlemahon won on a score line of 1–08 to 1–07, securing intermediate status for 2014.
They went on to defeat Drom-Inch of Tipperary and Coolmeen of Clare but were beaten in the Munster Junior Football Championship Final by Keel of Kerry by 0–14 to 0–04. From time to time the club joins with Knockaderry to put forward a team known as Deel Rangers and with Killeedy as Bunoke Gaels. Notable hurlers from the club include. John Flanagan played for Limerick for several years in the late early 80s. Tommy's and Joe's father were twin brothers and won Junior All Ireland medals with Limerick in 1954, they won Munster Senior medals in 1955. Seamus was a first cousin of Jack and Jim and played with both Limerick and Wexford, winning an All Ireland Senior medal with the latter. Notable footballers include, he played Railway cup for Munster in 1936. His grandson Conor Murphy played for Limerick footballers in the 1990s. Moses O'Donnell played with Limerick footballers in the late 20s &early 30s