Orange is a city in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. It is 254 km west of Sydney, at an altitude of 862 metres. Orange had an estimated urban population of 40,493 as of June 2018 making the city a significant regional centre. A significant nearby landmark is Mount Canobolas with a peak elevation of 1,395 m AHD and commanding views of the district. Orange is the birthplace of poets Banjo Paterson and Kenneth Slessor, although Paterson lived in Orange for only a short time as an infant. Walter W. Stone, book publisher and passionate supporter of Australian literature, was born in Orange; the first Australian Touring Car Championship, known today as V8 Supercar Championship Series, was held at the Gnoo Blas Motor Racing Circuit in 1960. In 1822 Captain Percy Simpson marched into the Wellington District and established a convict settlement, called "Blackman's Swamp" after James Blackman. In the late 1820s, the surveyor J. B. Richards worked on a survey of the Macquarie River below Bathurst and of the road to Wellington.
On a plan dated 1829, he indicated a village reserve, in the parish of Orange. Sir Thomas Mitchell named the parish Orange, as he had been an associate of the Prince of Orange in the Peninsular War, when both were aides-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington, whose title was bestowed on the valley to the west by Oxley. Initial occupation by British graziers began in late 1829, tiny settlements turned into larger towns as properties came into connection with the road. In 1844, the surveyor Davidson was sent to check on encroachments onto the land reserved for a village, to advise on the location for a township, his choices were Pretty Plains, or Blackman's Swamp. Blackman's Swamp was chosen, it was proclaimed a village and named Orange by Major Thomas Mitchell in 1846 in honour of Prince William of Orange. At nearby Ophir, a significant gold find in Australia was made in 1851, resulting in a sporadic population movement, known as the Australian gold rush. Additional gold finds in nearby areas led to the establishment of Orange as a central trading centre for the gold.
The growth of Orange continued as the conditions were well suited for agriculture, in 1860 it was proclaimed a municipality. The railway from Sydney reached Orange in 1877. In 1946, 100 years after it was first being established as a village, Orange was proclaimed as a minor city. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 37,182 people in the Orange urban centre. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 6.6% of the population. 83.2% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 1.6%, India 1.0%, New Zealand 0.9%, Philippines 0.5% and China 0.4%. 87.3% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Malayalam 0.7%, Mandarin 0.4%, Italian 0.3% and Nepali 0.3%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 30.1%, No Religion 22.0% and Anglican 20.2%. Of the employed people in Orange, 6.2% worked in hospitals. Other major industries of employment included gold ore mining 4.2%, state government administration 3.4%, other social assistance services 3.2% and supermarket and grocery Stores 2.5%.
Owing to its altitude, Orange has a temperate oceanic climate, with warm summers and cool winters with frequent morning frosts and light to moderate, sometimes heavy snowfalls. The city is wet for an inland location owing to orographic effects from Mount Canobolas during the cooler months when snow falls. Compared with most population centres in Australia it has colder winters in terms of its daytime maximum temperatures, owing chiefly to its south-westerly exposure. In summer, the average maximum temperatures are lower than in most inland centres, on account of its elevation. Owing to its inland location, the humidity is low in the summer months with the dewpoint around 10 °C. Having 99.8 clear days annually, it is still cloudier than the coastal areas of Sydney and Wollongong, with a marked lack of sunshine in winter compared to summer The climate has enabled the area to be a major apple and pear producer, more a centre for cool-weather wine production. Orange is a well-known fruit growing district, produces apples and many stone fruits such as cherries, peaches and plums.
In recent years, a large number of vineyards have been planted in the area for expanding wine production. The growth of this wine industry, coupled with the further development of Orange as a gourmet food capital, has ensured Orange's status as a prominent tourism destination. Other large industries include: Cadia gold mine is a large open cut gold and copper mine located about 20 kilometres south of Orange; the mine has been developed throughout the 1990s and is a major employer in the region with an expected lifespan of several decades. Cadia is the second largest open-cut mine in Australia, following the Super Pit at Kalgoorlie, Western Australia. Large mineral deposits are being uncovered from the more developed Ridgeway underground mine, adjacent to the Cadia Mine. An Electrolux white goods factory, closed in 2017. Orange is the loca
SNS College of Engineering, in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, is a private self-financing engineering institute. The college is affiliated to the Anna University, it was established in 2007 and has started its second batch of students enjoying a total intake of nearly 852 students. The college offers four courses leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Engineering and one course leading to Bachelor of Technology. PG courses are Master of Computer Applications and Master of Business Administration of Anna University Coimbatore. B. E. Electronics and Communication Engineering Computer Science and Engineering Electrical and Electronics Engineering Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Fashion designB. Tech Information Technology Master of Business Administration Master of Computer Applications M. E. Computer Science and Engineering M. E. Embedded System Technology M. E. Power Electronics and Drives M. Tech, Information Technology M. E Manufacturing Engineering The undergraduate students are admitted based on their 12th standard scores.
The admissions are done as per the government of Tamil Nadu norms through State Government Counselling and through regulated management seat procedures. SNSCE hosts a gym; the following sports are available: Cricket Badminton Hockey Volleyball Kabbadi Kho Kho Table tennis Tennis Chess Carrom Basketball Football SNSCE official website Official photo gallery Official blog About Coimbatore City
Rainbow is the seventh studio album by American singer and songwriter Mariah Carey. It was released on November 1999, by Columbia Records; the album followed the same pattern as Carey's previous two albums and Butterfly, in which she began her transition into the urban market. Rainbow contains a mix of hip hop-influenced R&B jams, as well as a variety of slow ballads. On the album, Carey worked with David Foster and Diane Warren, who, as well as Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis, replaced Walter Afanasieff, the main balladeer Carey worked with throughout the 90s; as a result of her separation from her husband, Tommy Mottola, Carey had more control over the musical style of this album, so she collaborated with several artists such as Jay-Z, Snoop Dogg, as well as Missy Elliott, Joe, Da Brat, Master P, 98°, Mystikal. On Carey's previous album, she began incorporating several other genres, including R&B and hip hop, into her musical repertoire. In order to further push her musical horizons, Carey featured Jay-Z on the album's lead single, the first time in her career that another artist was featured on one of her lead singles.
Carey wrote ballads that were closer to R&B than pop for this album, worked with Snoop Dogg and Usher on songs such as "Crybaby" and "How Much," both of which featured strong R&B beats and grooves. Several of the ballads that Carey wrote during this period, including "Thank God I Found You" and "After Tonight", mirrored sentiments she experienced in her personal life. Five singles were released from the album, two of which became number-one hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, making Rainbow her seventh-consecutive studio album to produce a number-one song; the album's lead single, "Heartbreaker" featuring Jay-Z, became Carey's fourteenth number-one hit on the Hot 100, topped the charts in Canada, New Zealand and Spain. "Thank God I Found You," featuring Joe and 98 Degrees topped the Hot 100, but achieved moderate international charting. The next two singles, "Can't Take That Away and "Crybaby" featuring Snoop Dogg, were released as a double A-side; the songs were at the center of a public feud in between Carey and Sony due to Sony's alleged weak promotion of the singles.
Carey's cover of Phil Collins' "Against All Odds" with Westlife peaked at number one in Ireland and the United Kingdom. Rainbow was well received by critics, who praised Carey's embrace of R&B and hip hop in her music; the album debuted at number two on the Billboard 200, with first week sales of 323,000. It was her first album in years to not reach number one. However, within a month, Rainbow was certified triple-Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, denoting shipments of three million copies within the United States. Internationally, the album debuted atop the charts in France, within the top five in Australia, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and Switzerland; the album has sold an estimated eight million copies worldwide. Since her debut in 1990, Carey's career was calculated and controlled by her husband and head of her label Sony Music Entertainment, Tommy Mottola. For years, Carey's albums had consisted of slow and meaningful ballads, devoid of any guest appearances or hip hop-influenced melodies.
In January 1995, as she recorded Daydream, Carey began taking more control over her musical style and genre influences. She enlisted the production skills and rap styles of Ol' Dirty Bastard, featured on the remix of her song "Fantasy." While Mottola was hesitant at first, Carey's persistence paid off when the song became an international chart topper, with critics calling the collaboration one of the pioneering songs of pop and R&B musical collaborations. During the recording and production of Carey's Butterfly in 1997, she and Mottola separated, giving Carey an extended amount of control over the unfinished album. Following their separation, Carey began working with younger hip hop and R&B producers and songwriters, aside from her usual work with balladeers Walter Afanasieff and Kenneth Edmonds. While the album incorporated several different genres and components that were not present in Carey's previous releases, Butterfly included a balance of her classic ballads and newer R&B-infused jams.
While Sony accepted Carey's new collaborations with writers and producers such as P. Diddy and Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, they continued to focus their promotion on the ballads. After "Honey," the debut single from Butterfly, was released in August 1997, Sony halted the release of the succeeding R&B-influenced jams, released the ballad "My All" as the second worldwide single. Rainbow followed in its predecessors' footsteps, featuring more hip hop and R&B. During the spring of 1999, Carey began working on the final album of her record contract with Sony, her ex-husband's label. Carey's lover at the time, Luis Miguel, was in the midst of a European tour. In order to spend more time with him, she opted to record the album on the secluded island of Capri, figuring the seclusion would help her complete the album sooner. During this time, Carey's strained relationship with Sony affected her work with writing partner Afanasieff, who had worked extensively with Carey throughout the first half of her career.
Aside from their growing creative differences, Mottola had given Afanasieff more opportunities to work with other artists. She felt Mottola was trying to separate her from Afanasieff, in hopes of keeping their relationship permanently strained. Due to the pressure and the awkward relationship Carey had now developed with Sony, she completed the album in a period of three months in the summer of 1999, quicker than any of her other albums. In an interview with Blitz