Orchestral percussion are percussion instruments used in orchestras and concert bands in classical music and related styles. The term can refer to the department or study of performance on said instruments at a music school or conservatory. Within such a department, students are required to study all aspects of orchestral playing. Orchestral percussion does not include a drum set, but some compositions do require one. Mallet percussion is the general name given to the pitched percussion family; the name is a slight misnomer, in that every percussion instrument is struck with some type of mallet or stick. With the exception of the marimba every other keyboard instrument has been used in an orchestral setting. There are many common and well-known excerpts for most of the mallet instruments. Gershwin's Porgy and Bess remains the most requested xylophone excerpt at auditions, with Copland's Appalachian Spring, Kodály's Háry János Suite, Kabalevsky's Colas Breugnon being other common choices, although the list is endless.
The glockenspiel has become a staple of the orchestra as well, and, as such, has had many important and difficult parts written for it. Dukas's The Sorcerer's Apprentice as well as Respighi's Pini di Roma are both common excerpts on audition lists. Another keyboard instrument used in the orchestra, as well as jazz, is the vibraphone; the most requested excerpt for vibraphone at orchestral auditions is from Leonard Bernstein's "West Side Story." The "Little Blue Devil" movement from "Seven Studies on Themes of Paul Klee" by Gunther Schuller is frequently requested. In an orchestral setting, the concert bass drum plays an integral role in the overall feel of a piece of music. In orchestral literature, the bass drum deals more with coloring and shading the sounds of the orchestra as opposed to providing a solid, rhythmic foundation like in marching band drumset; the bass drum is used to accent strong points in the music and is combined with a cymbal crash to further accentuate the moment. In fact, the two instruments are used in conjunction so that many parts contain one rhythm and the composer indicates which instruments are to play at which points.
Though the bass drum is the least requested instrument at auditions, it takes a fair amount of skill to play correctly. Given the number of variables that can change when playing the bass drum, a well-versed percussionist is required in order to obtain all the possible sounds from the instrument; some important excerpts for the bass drum in orchestral literature include Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring, Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 4, Romeo and Juliet, 1812 Overture, many of the Mahler symphonies, Symphonie Fantastique by Hector Berlioz. The snare drum is one of the most recognizable instruments in the entire percussion section. Called the side drum, the snare drum is used as a means of accenting rhythms from other families of instruments within the orchestra or as a soloistic type in pieces that may have a "military" type theme or sound to them; the snare drum works well as an accentuating instrument. Tuned and played it can produce sounds ranging from quick and snappy to thick, whip-crack like accents.
There are numerous examples in music of the snare drum being used in this fashion. One such example would be the fourth movement of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's symphonic suite Scheherazade. In this particular example, the snare drum is used to accentuate the various crescendos and "hits" played by the rest of the orchestra, it is used to reinforce the rhythms played by the trumpets throughout the movement. As a soloistic instrument, the snare drum has found its place in classical music. A fantastic example of this use of the snare drum would be the opening of Sergei Prokofiev's Lieutenant Kijé suite. After an opening trumpet solo, the snare drum plays a rather short, military-style solo at a pianissimo dynamic marking, designed to create a march-like feel; this particular part presents a number of problems for the orchestral percussionist, but its main difficulty lies in keeping the various rudiments consistent at such a soft dynamic level. Another difficult Snare Drum piece in classical music is: Bolero.
Traditional rudimental solos that show a snare drummers technique include: The Connecticut Halftime, The Three Camps, The Downfall of Paris There has been a marked deviation from high sticking, traditional drumming to a forced low stick style. Various techniques of the snare drum include the moller method, the gladstone method and other lesser methods. Much like the bass drum, the concert toms are meant to add shading to orchestral music. However, it can be used much like the snare drum. In fact, the snare drum can have the snare off, producing a high tom sound. Depending on the composer and/or music, the concert tom can be used as both, it gives a warm but sharper tone due to its size, being between 8 and 16 inches in diameter, whereas the concert bass is 30 to 45 inches. Factors such as the feel of the piece and the time period in which it was written are taken into account when using the concert tom. Auxiliary percussion include instruments like the triangle and tambourine. These
Space Mountain: Ghost Galaxy was a seasonal Halloween overlay of Space Mountain at Hong Kong Disneyland and Disneyland. It first premiered at Hong Kong Disneyland in 2007, premiered at Disneyland on September 25, 2009, as part of the Halloween season at the parks; the latter makes use of effects used for the Rockin' Space Mountain overlay in 2007. The overlay did not return for the 2019 Disney’s Halloween Time season at Disneyland due to Mickey's Halloween Party moving to Disney California Adventure. Inside the Space Port, the planet screen at the front of the station has been changed to reflect the overlay, as well. While viewing the planet, a green "storm" appears over the planet, causing interruptions to the video feed. Static appears a blue screen, reminiscent of the Windows Blue Screen of Death, saying "LOSS OF SIGNAL..." "SEARCHING..." and "SIGNAL ESTABLISHED". Outside on the dome, five projections play, with several Halloween-themed color schemes appearing between these projection shows: The first projection shows the dome becoming a dull grey, with cracks and breaks forming on the dome.
The dome seems to crumble and fall into nothingness. A green grid appears at the top section of the dome, accompanied with a loud humming sound; the second projection shows an alien arm resembling that of the nebula ghost running, pushing against the dome from the inside. The third projection shows yellow scratch marks appearing on the dome; the fourth projection shows lightning bolts shooting up the left side of the dome the right, the middle, the entire dome itself. The last projection shows the dome being turned into a bluish purple radar, with explosions that appear on the dome, resembling activity of the nebula ghosts. With the refurbishments to Space Mountain, Ghost Galaxy has some significant changes; the soundtrack echoes the attraction The red lights at the top of the first lift hill are now an eerie green. The flashing blue light tunnel between the first and second lift hills is now pitch black. Instead of the spinning galaxy beyond the second lift, a giant ghost nebula electrifies the lift.
Projections of otherworldly wisps can be seen before the final lift, along with the ghostly nebula. The ghosts pop up unexpectedly. Two places that are notorious for this are at a steep drop near the end as trains narrowly avoid being "clawed" by an unseen arm; the other spot is a ghostly head that pops out of the wall after the onride picture is taken when the train makes the final right turn to reenter the station
Le SuperClub Vidéotron Ltée, which includes the Jumbo Video and Microplay chains, is the largest remaining video store chain operator in Canada, with operations concentrated in Quebec. It is owned by Quebecor Media. Since the closure of Blockbuster Canada in 2011 and Rogers' video rental operations in 2012, it has been Canada's largest video retailer: it consists of 41 SuperClub locations and 11 standalone Microplay stores as of March 2019. In 2004, SuperClub took over the Jumbo Microplay franchises. Jumbo Video operates 17 video rental locations nationwide, while Microplay focuses on video games, but rents and sells movies; the Microplay name has appeared on a number of in-store boutiques at SuperClub locations throughout Quebec. In 2006, most Rogers Video stores in Quebec were converted to Le SuperClub Vidéotron. There are 69 Microplay locations and the vast majority of them are co-located with SuperClub locations in Quebec; as of August 2005, the chain operated more than 185 locations through Quebec under the SuperClub brand.
They have locations in Edmundston, New Brunswick, Rockland, Ontario. They had opened locations in Moncton and Fredericton; those stores were bought out by Rogers and converted into Rogers Video stores. Their location in Square One Shopping Centre was closed down along with many other stores, including Cavendish Mall in Côte Saint-Luc as well as Kirkland, Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Quebec as well as in Montreal's Pierrefonds-Roxboro borough, they closed their location in Hawkesbury, Ontario. Their head office is located in the city of Montreal's Saint-Léonard borough. Superclub Vidéotron website Jumbo Video website Microplay website